Risky sexual behaviours among school-aged adolescents in Namibia: secondary data analyses of the 2013 Global school-based health survey
AbstractAimRisky sexual behaviours (RSB) among adolescents is one of the major public health concerns globally. These behaviours –RSB have adverse effects on their future health and well-being. Therefore, in this paper, our aim was to assess the determinants of RSB among in-school Namibian adolescents using the 2013 Global School-based Health Survey.MethodsThe data was extracted and analysed with STATA version 14.2. Both bivariate and multivariable analyses were done to generate results that infomed the discussion. The results were presented as odds ratios and adjusted odds ratios (AOR) with their respective 95% conf...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 21, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Hypertension knowledge, awareness, and attitude among the hypertensive population in Kuala Lumpur and rural areas in Selangor, Malaysia
AbstractAimsPeople ’s knowledge, awareness, and attitude (KAA) about hypertension are the cornerstone of hypertension control and/or prevention. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the level of KAA of hypertensive populations about their disease and compare the level of KAA between rural and urban areas in Sel angor, Malaysia.Subjects and methodsA cross-sectional study was conducted at Hospital Kuala Lumpur and six rural areas in Selangor, Malaysia. A valid questionnaire was used to evaluate the level of KAA of the Malaysian hypertensive population. One thousand subjects were recruited by the non-probability co...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 16, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Application of time series methods for dengue cases in North India (Chandigarh)
ConclusionsBased on model indices such as the Akaike information criterion (AIC), Bayesian information criterion (BIC), mean absolute error and mean absolute scaled error, the ARIMA performed better than the ES model. Rainfall at the 2-month lag was correlated with the number of cases. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 15, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effect of walking behavior on perceived stress based on binary multi-level modeling
ConclusionWalking behavior has the potential to reduce perceived stress in daily life. Also, there are strong associations between smoking, sleep duration, and perceived stress. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 8, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Muscle loss in elderly patients - prevention effects of a multimodal therapy program for low back pain
In this study we demonstrated that multimodal therapy is an efficient alternative intervention to strengthen the back muscles and by this to increase muscle growth in the areas of extension and flexion as well as lateralization and rotation on both sides.Material and methods52 patients aged between 50 and 65 with a main diagnosis of back disease were examined prospective. They completed a 3-week inpatient multimodal therapy program. Effects of the program were assessed by applying two isometric strength measurements of the back muscles. Baseline measurement (T0) was done on the first day of the program and post measurement...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 5, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence of text neck syndrome and SMS thumb among smartphone users in college-going students: a cross-sectional survey study
AbstractAimPhysical exposure during mobile phone use results in poor posture and repetitive movements of the hand and thumb cause groups of symptoms. The terms ‘text neck syndrome’ and ‘SMS thumb’ are the most common among them. Our aim was to find out the prevalence rate of text neck syndrome and SMS thumb among smartphone users in college-going students.Subjects and methodsA cross-sectional study was conducted by a random sampling method from a recognized institution. A total of 113 participants, both male and female, in the age group 17 –25 years participated in this study. Participants wer...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A community based prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Ho  municipality of Ghana
ConclusionDiabetes prevalence was 6.9% and was higher in older people, people with hypertension, alcohol consumers and abdominally obese men. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 25, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Factors affecting pre-pregnancy care among women based on the theory of planned behavior in Larestan, Iran, in 2016
AbstractAimPre-pregnancy care is a series of interventions aimed to identify and modify behavioral and social risk factors and improve women ’s health before pregnancy. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors affecting pre-pregnancy care based on the theory of planned behavior in women aged 15–49 years in Larestan city, Shiraz, in 2016.Subjects and methodsIn this descriptive-analytical, cross-sectional study, all women aged 15 to 49  years, who agreed to complete a self-administered questionnaire based on the theory of planned behavior, were included. Predictors of pre-pregnancy care inte...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 25, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sunburn paradoxes and the New Zealand population
ConclusionThis research indicates that in a well-designed study of a sample representative of the New Zealand population, the sun protection knowledge sunburn paradox still exists. Despite a high level of sun protection knowledge, many people still become sunburned. Therefore, it is important to examine this paradox further in order to find ways to reduce sunburn frequency among New Zealanders. Potential ways to reduce sunburn are discussed. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 23, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A generalized ordered logit analysis of risk factors associated with driver injury severity
ConclusionThe findings of this study highlight the need to further study risk factors significantly influencing driver injury severity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sun exposure and sun protective behaviours in Portugal: results from the first National Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)
ConclusionsThe prevalence of hazardous sun exposure and nonadherence to sun protective behaviours is considerable in the Portuguese population. The association between these indicators and sociodemographic factors in the population, reinforces the importance of developing sun protection messages directed at specific target audiences. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

What are the drivers of cross-generational physical activity? Exploring the experiences of children and parents
ConclusionCross-generational physical activity is a complex, bi-directional physical activity partnership that takes place within a child –parent relationship, within a family. Its drivers are manifold, extending well beyond the dose of physical activity it provides, to strengthening relationships and skill development. Future research should include the child’s voice to provide a more holistic view of this phenomenon. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 10, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Feasibility and organization of a population-based screening for pre-symptomatic type 1 diabetes in children — evaluation of the Fr1da study
ConclusionThe Fr1da study received high acceptance and recognition by both, health care providers and participating families, and demonstrated sustainable success with the developed educational program. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 10, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Inequity in utilization of health care facilities during childbirth: a community-based survey in post-conflict Northern Uganda
The article Inequity in utilization of health care facilities during childbirth: a community-based survey in post-conflict Northern Uganda. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 4, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Musculoskeletal pain and its correlates among secondary school female teachers in Aljouf region, Saudi Arabia
The article Musculoskeletal pain and its correlates among secondary school female teachers in Aljouf region, Saudi Arabia (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 24, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Healthcare services utilisation, subjective perception of health and satisfaction with services in Patras, Greece
ConclusionsRecognition of people ’s needs and satisfaction with services will lead to more rational implementations of health-directed policies. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 17, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A study of the communication skills in health care and the role of demographic variables (a case study of the nurses at the Educational, Therapeutic and Research Center of Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah, Iran in 2018)
AbstractPurposeNurses, as facilitators in hospitals, should be equipped with communication skills towards the realization of this goal. The present study aimed to investigate the status of communication skills in health care and the role of nurses ’ demographic variables at the Educational, Therapeutic, and Research Center of Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah, Iran in 2018.MethodsIn this descriptive –analytic study, the statistical population was 926 nurses working at the Educational, Therapeutic, and Research Center of Imam Reza Hospital affiliated to Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran in...
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 11, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Trends in the implementation of health impact assessments in the United States: exploring the role of educational attainment, poverty, and government ideology
ConclusionsHIA-supportive legal provisions could potentially provide unprecedented opportunities for the promotion of public health and health equity and, although HIA implementation has been increasing, such mechanisms are possibly highly underutilized. Educational institutions are in a unique position to bridge the gap between knowledge and practice of HIAs by facilitating HIA awareness among policy-makers in health and non-health sectors. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 3, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Factors associated with body mass index among university students in Bangladesh
ConclusionThe majority of the students belonged to the normal BMI group and were in the habit of regular meals. Slightly more than 50% of the students skipped their breakfast and about half of the students reported that class pressure caused them to skip meals. To promote healthy eating habits among university students, effective programs should be initiated which could include introducing dietary guidelines and enhancing self-discipline. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 3, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Determining the level of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) awareness in Ota, Nigeria
ConclusionThere is low awareness of the non-risk factors, and moderate awareness concerning general knowledge, mode of transmission, and preventive measures against STDs. A high level of awareness is recommended if reduction of the prevalence of STDs is to be achieved. Parental, religious, and NGO counselling is strongly recommended. Religious organisations have to be fully engaged in order to reduce the spread of STDs. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 2, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Assessing the knowledge, attitude, and practice on antibiotic use in under-5 children with respiratory tract infection among mothers attending a pediatric outpatient department
This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice among mothers on antibiotic use in under-5 children with respiratory tract infection attending the pediatric outpatient department at Sri Ramachandra Hospital in Chennai city, South India.Research designA cross-sectional descriptive design was adopted in this study.MethodsThe target population was mothers of under-5 children attending the pediatric outpatient department in the G block of Sri Ramachandra Hospital, Chennai city, South India. The sample size of 240 was estimated by a single proportion. The non-probability convenience sampling technique was used ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 31, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Pregnancy experiences and maternal health service utilisation among female traders in Ibadan, Nigeria
ConclusionThe utilisation of maternal health services was high among the participants in this study and increased the probability of SBA utilisation, which was also higher with utilisation of ANC services, high educational and high socioeconomic status, being above 30  years of age and being married. Interventions to improve maternal health service utilisation need to be targeted at women who are single, women with low educational achievements and those of low socioeconomic status. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The work –family conflict and quality of care given by nurses: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey
ConclusionTo reduce the work –family conflict, educational courses must be provided for correct planning in both the family and the working lives of nurses. Managers can also contribute to increasing nurses’ job satisfaction and ameliorating work–family conflict by reducing workloads, in turn improving the quality of nurs ing care. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Physical activities among medical –surgical nurses: a descriptive cross-sectional study
ConclusionsPrevalence of physical activity among nurses in Brunei was higher than in previous studies. However, there was a stark difference between physical activities at work and outside work. Sport and exercise are needed to provide sufficient muscle strength and physical fitness to effectively carry out the role of health educator and provide the highest possible quality patient care. Relevant authorities should take necessary interventions to help nurses practice a better culture of physical activity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal pain and its correlates among secondary school female teachers in Aljouf region, Saudi Arabia
ConclusionSecondary school female teachers showed a high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in most anatomic sites, such as low back, knee, shoulder, neck, elbow, and wrist. Significant predictors of disabling musculoskeletal pain were age more than 40 years, not practicing exercise, more than ten years of teaching, and non-comfortableness of school furniture. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Evaluating Centering group prenatal care in rural women with low socioeconomic status to promote access to care and improve pregnancy outcomes
ConclusionDespite relative progress in promoting evidence-based PNC, maternal and neonatal disparities persist in rural communities. These findings indicate further need to explore social determinants of PNC use and outcomes. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Dark side of health-predicting health behaviors and diseases with the Dark Triad traits
ConclusionDespite conceptual similarities among psychopathy, narcissism and Machiavellianism, the three measures examined in this study are non-redundant and demonstrate significant incremental prediction of health indicators beyond gender, age and impulsivity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Influence of oral health in the quality of life of preschoolers in a faculty-based practice in Rio de Janeiro
AbstractAimTo evaluate the influence of oral health status on the quality of life of preschool children using the dmft and pufa indexes, crossing information with the B-ECOHIS questionnaire to achieve quality of life related to oral health (OHRQoL).Subjects and methodsAll children, healthy, between 3 and 5  years old, with a primary dentition who sought dental care at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, during a period of 2 months, were selected and divided into two groups: advanced caries: dmft score ≥ 1 and pufa score ≥&thi...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 23, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: National prevalence rate of hepatitis B and C in Pakistan and its risk factors
During typesetting of the article, one of alphabet was missed in author name Hafiz Muzzammel Rehman and it became “Rehan”. The original article has been corrected. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 23, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Do interventions promoting medical homes in FQHCs improve continuity of care for Medicare beneficiaries?
ConclusionsFQHCs already have high levels of PCCOC. These levels did not increase in association with the 3-year PCMH demonstration. Continuity for practices is higher than for providers, suggesting that Medicare beneficiaries may see multiple providers within one FQHC. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 21, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the IQM peer review procedure to improve in-patient care —a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial (IMPRESS): study design and baseline results
ConclusionThe IMPRESS study provides a unique opportunity to assess the impact of the IQM peer review on the mortality in patients ventilated> 24  h. The secondary, exploratory, and qualitative analyses are expected to provide insights on determinants of in-hospital mortality, structure and process quality, and the robustness of different approaches to risk adjustment of quality indicators. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 13, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Exploring knowledge translation practices in a global health program: case study on the establishment of the Pakistan National Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health Program
ConclusionWhile effective program planning in low middle-income countries can greatly benefit from knowledge translation practices, explaining processes from evidence generation to the final step of key decisions is valuable in understanding the complexities involved in such settings. The study begins to fill a critical gap in literature in illustrating real-world program planning in resource-constrained countries, lagging in maternal and child health indicators. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 11, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Does health and medical research consider geographic factors affecting study participants: a retrospective snapshot analysis of 11 leading journals
ConclusionsThese findings indicate that insufficient attention is given to the geographic location of participants. This failure means that the outcomes and recommendations of the research base may be invalid for a large section of the world ’s population and result in inequities in healthcare services. There is an emerging concern about using this evidence base for developing health guidelines and policy frameworks, as the needs of a substantial proportion of the population may not have been appropriately captured. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 11, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Inequity in utilization of health care facilities during childbirth: a community-based survey in post-conflict Northern Uganda
ConclusionThere was inequity in the utilization of health facilities for childbirth. Programs that promote health facility births should prioritize poorer mothers and those in rural areas. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 10, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Associations between socioeconomic development and mortality —a small area panel data analysis in Taiwan, 2000–2015
ConclusionWe can say that there is still health inequality in central Taiwan and we advocate the importance of universal education, especially for the disadvantaged, to achieve the goal of health for all. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 9, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Diseases associated with age-related cataract: a health-board-based retrospective study focusing on common physiopathological mechanisms
ConclusionsPatients with age-related cataract have various comorbidities. This may be caused by the aging process but may not always be a normal part of aging. Thus, diseases among elderly individuals should not be considered in isolation. Studies focusing on common physiopathological mechanisms may be helpful to understand the development of comorbidities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Evaluation of an educational intervention on physicians ’ knowledge about adverse drug reaction reporting system
ConclusionThe knowledge about the pharmacovigilance system improved after the intervention. Further studies are required on a larger scale and involving other healthcare professionals to promote a better healthcare system. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Hajj pilgrims using MINI as a diagnostic tool
This study aims to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among Hajj pilgrims.MethodsPilgrims were recruited through multi-stage random sampling for a total duration of 20  days during the 2016 Hajj. Semi-structured interviews were performed that included demographics, medical background, and assessment on the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) scale to diagnose psychiatric disorders.ResultsOut of the 513 pilgrims appraised, 37 (7.2%) had one or more psychiatric disorders. The most common psychiatric conditions were major depressive disorders (2.0%), agoraphobia (1.8%), and psychotic disord...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 4, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Are we there yet? Use of the Ottawa Charter action areas in the perspective of European health promotion professionals
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 4, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Relationships between effort-reward imbalance and work engagement in police officers: taking a salutogenic perspective
ConclusionAn imbalance between effort and reward is associated with reduced work engagement in the sample of police officers. While effort is not accountable for reduced work engagement, esteem and security rewards are capable of promoting work engagement. Workplace interventions at the level of the supervisors and the department as well as public image campaigns may promote rewards in police work to foster work engagement. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 4, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Structured teaching programme enhances the knowledge of mothers to take care of children with leukaemia
ConclusionFrom the study results, it can be concluded that a structured teaching programme on knowledge about home management of chemotherapy side effects was found to be effective in increasing the knowledge among parents of children who receive chemotherapy. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 2, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Influences of genetics, lifestyle and environment on obese and non-obese university students in Malaysia
AbstractAimTo investigate the association among genetics, lifestyle and environmental factors in obese and non-obese university students in Malaysia.Subjects and methodsA cross-sectional study was conducted on students who were studying at universities in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Face-to-face interviews were conducted using a pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire, consisting of three major parts: demographics, factors influencing body weight and actions to alter or maintain the present body weight.ResultsMost of the parents and siblings of young obese participants were also obese compared with non-obese p...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 2, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

To switch or not to switch —first Germany-wide study from the perspective of pharmacists in the European environment
ConclusionPharmacists strongly welcome further switches. This leads to high acceptance rates, especially for a switch of desloratadine, as this was the most named active ingredient possible for a switch within the survey.Impact of findings on practice statementsThe outcome of this survey can support pharmaceutical companies in decision-making about which active substances they should submit a switch application for. Additionally, this helps fulfil patient needs, because pharmacists know best what is beneficial for patient self-care. In addition, all other actors involved in this process can see what is required and can ret...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Impact of chronic disorders and obesity on quality of life in Northern Jordan
This study aimed to assess the health-related quality of life (QoL) among Jordanian adults with chronic disorders.Methods and samplingA cross-sectional design using the convenience sampling technique was implemented and face-to –face interviews were carried out with 915 Jordanians who attended several shopping centers in Northern Jordan. The QoL was assessed using the Short Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey.ResultsData were obtained from 915 Jordanian adults from the general public with a mean age of 33.8  years (standard deviation, SD ± 28.2). Obesity was prevalent in 23.0% of the participants ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Differences in inflammatory bowel diseases between East and West: a Chinese perspective
ConclusionBased on the current findings, the disease burden, characteristics, and treatment of Chinese IBD patients are slightly different to those of Western IBD patients. There are still great improvement requirements for the clinical management of IBD in China. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A case-control study on lifestyle-related factors of hypertension in Iran
ConclusionThe results of the present study revealed that raising public awareness helps to recognize risk factors and correct lifestyles, and planning to educate people and instructing them on how to manage mental pressures can reduce the pressure induced by diseases such as hypertension. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Physical fitness and psycho-cognitive performance in the young and middle-aged workforce with primarily physical versus mental work demands
AbstractAimThe purpose of this study was to examine physical fitness and psycho-cognitive performance and their associations in young and middle-aged workers with primarily physical versus mental work demands.Subjects and methodsHealthy young and middle-aged workers (73 men, age  = 33 ± 7 years; 75 women, age = 35 ± 9 years) were recruited from German small-to-medium-sized enterprises (
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 26, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Reproductive health decision-making capacity and pregnancy termination among Ghanaian women: Analysis of the 2014 Ghana demographic and health survey
ConclusionRDM capacity, region, contraceptive use and intention, media exposure, level of education and parity are associated with pregnancy termination among Ghanaian women. To reduce pregnancy termination, regular integrated community-based outreach programmes targeted at generating community awareness of the effectiveness of modern contraception in prevention of unintended pregnancy are needed. Such efforts will go a long way toward reducing unintended pregnancy and subsequently bringing about reductions in induced abortion. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 25, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Recent trends of tobacco use in India
ConclusionsLack of awareness among people belonging to poor socioeconomic strata of the society, societal influence, and poor implementation of anti-tobacco laws could be the possible reasons for its widespread incidence. Hence, more rigorous anti-tobacco campaigns and widespread implementation of anti-tobacco regulations are the need of the hour. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 20, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Explaining the causes of crystal addiction in Tehran: a qualitative approach
ConclusionsRaising the awareness and attitude of young people and their families about crystal, teaching families how to properly supervise their children and the behaviors of their friends, as well as increasing social support in times of life crisis, could significantly tend to reduce the use of crystal in the community. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research