Changes in objectively measured BMI in children aged 4-11 years: data from the National Child Measurement Programme
This study looked at the degree of weight gain between the first (Reception) and last year (Year 6) of primary school and how weight status in Reception predicts becoming overweight/obese by Year 6. Methods A longitudinal sample of 1863 children was created using two time points (2006/7, 2012/13) from the National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) in South Gloucestershire. T-test and logistic regression were used to test the difference between the BMI z-scores and BMI percentiles, and predict the probability of being overweight (BMI ≥ 85th) or obese (≥95th) at Year 6 based on BMI percentile in Reception. Results O...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Pearce, M., Webb-Phillips, S., Bray, I. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control in the over 50s in Ireland: evidence from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing
Conclusions A high prevalence of hypertension was identified in this cohort, with low levels of awareness, treatment and control. Population and primary care interventions are required to reduce prevalence and to improve awareness, detection and management of hypertension. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Murphy, C. M., Kearney, P. M., Shelley, E. B., Fahey, T., Dooley, C., Kenny, R. A. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Contributions of individual acculturation and neighborhood ethnic density to variations in Hispanic children's respiratory health in a US-Mexican border metropolis
Conclusions Results suggest that increasing individual-level acculturation is detrimental for US Hispanic children's respiratory health in this Hispanic majority setting, while high ethnic density neighborhoods are mildly risky and pose more significant threats when other individual-level factors are present. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Grineski, S. E., Collins, T. W., Kim, Y.-A. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Residential mobility and risk of major depressive episode among adolescents in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health
Conclusion Findings suggest that adolescents who move often may be a vulnerable group in need of mental health screening and services. Next steps in research include longitudinal studies with data on preexisting mental health issues and childhood adverse events. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Susukida, R., Mojtabai, R., Murcia, G., Mendelson, T. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Child maltreatment: pathway to chronic and long-term conditions?
The manifesto Start Well, Live Better by the UK Faculty of Public Health (Start Well, Live Better—A Manifesto for the Public's Health. London: UK Faculty of Public Health, 2014) sets out 12 compelling priorities for the protection of people's health. The focus of this document is preventative, calling for a comprehensive strategy to target a wide-ranging set of challenges to public health; however, it fails to mention child maltreatment and its negative impact on long-term health outcomes. In this article, we explore the long-term negative consequences of child maltreatment and how these can be conceptually aligned w...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Taylor, J., Bradbury-Jones, C., Lazenbatt, A., Soliman, F. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The impact of economic downturns and budget cuts on homelessness claim rates across 323 local authorities in England, 2004-12
Conclusions Recession and austerity measures are associated with significant increases in rates of homelessness assistance. These findings likely understate the full burden of homelessness as they only capture those who seek aid. Future research is needed to investigate what is happening to vulnerable groups who may not obtain assistance, including those with mental health problems and rough sleepers. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Loopstra, R., Reeves, A., Barr, B., Taylor-Robinson, D., McKee, M., Stuckler, D. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Social movements and public health advocacy in action: the UK people's health movement
There are growing calls within public health for researchers and practitioners working to improve and protect the public's health to become more involved in politics and advocacy. Such a move takes practitioners and researchers beyond the traditional, evidence-based public health paradigm, raising potential dilemmas and risks for those who undertake such work. Drawing on the example of the People's Health Movement, this short paper argues that advocacy and social movements are an essential component of public health's efforts to achieve great health equity. It outlines how the Scottish branch of the People's Health Movemen...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Kapilashrami, A., Smith, K. E., Fustukian, S., Eltanani, M. K., Laughlin, S., Robertson, T., Muir, J., Gallova, E., Scandrett, E. Tags: Perspectives Source Type: research

Public health policies and politics for uncertain times
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Schrecker, T. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Methods of defining hypertension in electronic medical records: validation against national survey data
Conclusions Different definitions should be used for different study purposes. The definition of ‘diagnosis code or two abnormal blood pressure records with a 2-year period’ could be used for hypertension surveillance in THIN. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Peng, M., Chen, G., Kaplan, G. G., Lix, L. M., Drummond, N., Lucyk, K., Garies, S., Lowerison, M., Weibe, S., Quan, H. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Public reproductive health and 'unintended pregnancies: introducing the construct 'supportability
In this Perspectives paper, I outline the limitations of the concept of ‘intentionality’ in public reproductive health understandings of pregnancy. ‘Intentionality’, ‘plannedness’, ‘wantedness’ and ‘timing’ place individual cognitions, psychology and/or behaviors at the center of public health conceptualizations of pregnancies, thereby leaving the underlying social and structural dynamics under-examined. I propose a model that places ‘supportability’ at the center of thinking about pregnancies and that allows for an analysis of the intersection of indi...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Macleod, C. I. Tags: Perspectives Source Type: research

Does the scientific evidence support the advertising claims made for products containing Lactobacillus casei and Bifidobacterium lactis? A systematic review
Conclusions There is insufficient scientific evidence to support the health claims made for these products, especially in the case of product containing Lactobacillus casei. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Melendez-Illanes, L., Gonzalez-Diaz, C., Chilet-Rosell, E., Alvarez-Dardet, C. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Addressing misuse and diversion of opioid substitution medication: guidance based on systematic evidence review and real-world experience
Conclusions Three groups of strategies to address misuse or diversion are defined, depending on impact (effectiveness and ease of implementation). Preferred strategies include the promotion of access to treatment and the use of product formulations less likely to be misused. However, additional data and innovative approaches to address this complex problem are needed. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Wright, N., D'Agnone, O., Krajci, P., Littlewood, R., Alho, H., Reimer, J., Roncero, C., Somaini, L., Maremmani, I. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A multi-perspective service evaluation exploring tuberculosis contact screening attendance among adults at a North London hospital
Conclusion Recommendations related to issues of leadership, outreach services, flexibility of clinic timing and awareness amongst both the local community and GPs were made. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: MacLellan, J., Wallace, K., Vacchelli, E., Roe, J., Davidson, R., Abubakar, I., Southern, J. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Use of programme budgeting and marginal analysis as a framework for resource reallocation in respiratory care in North Wales, UK
Conclusions This exercise demonstrates the potential for health boards to use evidence-based approaches to reach potentially controversial disinvestment and investment decisions. Initial progress has begun with communication from the Medical Director in relation to the disinvestment in mucolytics prescribing and possible redirection of funding options being explored. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Charles, J. M., Brown, G., Thomas, K., Johnstone, F., Vandenblink, V., Pethers, B., Jones, A., Edwards, R. T. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Prevalence and factors associated with healthcare service use among Chinese elderly with disabilities
Conclusions Low use of healthcare services indicates an unmet need among Chinese elderly with disabilities especially for the old–old. More effort should be warranted to enhance healthcare service use among the elderly with disabilities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Guo, C., Du, W., Hu, C., Zheng, X. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A case-control study of the health and well-being benefits of allotment gardening
Background Allotments in the UK are popular and waiting lists long. There is, however, little evidence on the health benefits of allotment gardening. The aims of this study were to determine the impacts of a session of allotment gardening on self-esteem and mood and to compare the mental well-being of allotment gardeners with non-gardeners. Methods Self-esteem, mood and general health were measured in 136 allotment gardeners pre- and post- an allotment session, and 133 non-gardener controls. Allotment gardeners also detailed the time spent on their allotment in the current session and previous 7 days, and their length of ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Wood, C. J., Pretty, J., Griffin, M. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Variations in weight management services in Scotland: a national survey of weight management provision
Conclusions This national survey has illustrated large disparities in the provision of weight management across Scotland, a likely consequence of uncertainty regarding best practice. There is a clear requirement for the evaluation of existing services to identify those that lead to the largest improvements in health outcomes and are cost-effective. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Read, S., Logue, J. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Increasing medical students' engagement in public health: case studies illustrating the potential role of online learning
Conclusions E-learning can be applied in diverse ways that increase medical student engagement with public health teaching. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Sheringham, J., Lyon, A., Jones, A., Strobl, J., Barratt, H. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Teaching public health in UK medical schools: 'things have improved: teaching no longer feels like an expensive hobby
Conclusions There is a need to increase the supply of well-trained and motivated teachers and combine the best traditional teaching methods with more innovative approaches. Suggestions are made as to how undergraduate public health teaching can be strengthened. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Lyon, A. K., Hothersall, E. J., Gillam, S. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Healthcare avoidance by people who inject drugs in Bangkok, Thailand
Background Although people who inject drugs (IDU) often contend with various health-related harms, timely access to health care among this population remains low. We sought to identify specific individual, social and structural factors constraining healthcare access among IDU in Bangkok, Thailand. Methods Data were derived from a community-recruited sample of IDU participating in the Mitsampan Community Research Project between July and October 2011. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of healthcare avoidance due to one's drug use using multivariate logistic regression. Results Among 437 participants, 112 (25.6%) r...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Heath, A. J., Kerr, T., Ti, L., Kaplan, K., Suwannawong, P., Wood, E., Hayashi, K. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Promoting lifestyle behaviour change and well-being in hospital patients: a pilot study of an evidence-based psychological intervention
Conclusions Our hospital-based intervention was feasible, acceptable and showed preliminary health and well-being gains. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Gate, L., Warren-Gash, C., Clarke, A., Bartley, A., Fowler, E., Semple, G., Strelitz, J., Dutey, P., Tookman, A., Rodger, A. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Substance use disorder and risk of suicidal ideation, suicide attempt and suicide death: a meta-analysis
Conclusions Based on current evidence, there is a strong association between SUD and suicide outcomes. However, evidence based on long-term prospective cohort studies is limited and needs further investigation. Moreover, further evidence is required to assess and compare the association between suicide outcomes and different types of illicit drugs, dose–response relationship and the way they are used. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Poorolajal, J., Haghtalab, T., Farhadi, M., Darvishi, N. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Prevalence and predictors of anaemia in Romanian infants 6-23 months old
Background Anaemia is a public health problem that can lead to a variety of detrimental effects on physical and neurodevelopment in young children. The present study explored the epidemiology of anaemia among infants in Romania, identified risk factors and created a model for predicting it. Methods Data from 1532 infants aged 6–24 months were selected from a larger nationally representative cross-sectional survey. Demographic predictor variables and haemoglobin concentration were extant variables in the data set. Multiple logistic regression was used to determine the best predictors of anaemia. Results Overall, 46%...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Stativa, E., Rus, A. V., Stanescu, A., Pennings, J. S., Parris, S. R., Wenyika, R. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Time-trend analysis of prevalence, incidence and traditional Chinese medicine use among children with asthma: a population-based study
Conclusion This study demonstrated a substantial increase in annual prevalence of asthma among children in Taiwan from 2002 to 2008. The incidence fluctuated. The TCM use showed a decreasing linear trend and was higher in incident than in prevalent cases. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Ma, Y.-C., Lin, C.-C., Li, C.-I., Chiang, J.-H., Li, T.-C., Lin, J.-G. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Educational attainment and health transitions over the life course: testing the potential mechanisms
Conclusions These results suggest that educational attainment is associated with good self-rated health transitions from childhood to adulthood, and multiple processes rather than a single underlying mechanism are likely to drive the educational differences in self-rated health. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Elovainio, M., Rosenström, T., Hakulinen, C., Pulkki-Raback, L., Mullola, S., Jokela, M., Josefsson, K., Raitakari, O. T., Keltikangas-Järvinen, L. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

School outbreak of Escherichia coli O157 with high levels of transmission, Staffordshire, England, February 2012
Conclusions Control measures included several interventions, in particular, universal screening of pupils and staff. Screening during school outbreaks is not underpinned by guidance but proved to be a key control measure. Screening of asymptomatic contacts should be considered in similar outbreaks. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Bayliss, L., Carr, R., Edeghere, O., Knapper, E., Nye, K., Harvey, G., Adak, G., Duggal, H. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Exploring overweight and obesity in pre-school children using routinely collected data: a case study of Halton, Northwest England
Conclusions This study may provide evidence that the development of overweight and obesity has its roots in very early life and has highlighted patterns of infant overweight and obesity not previously reported. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Perry, C., Thurston, M. N., Arch, B. N. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Differential associations of cardiovascular disease risk factors with relative wealth in urban-dwelling South Africans
Conclusions Differential distribution of CVDRF by wealth mandates incorporating equity components when developing tailored interventions. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Peer, N., Lombard, C., Steyn, K., Levitt, N. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Maternal obesity in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusions These results show that Africa's levels of maternal obesity are already having significant adverse effects. Culturally adaptable/sensitive interventions should be developed while monitoring to avoid undesired side effects. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Onubi, O. J., Marais, D., Aucott, L., Okonofua, F., Poobalan, A. S. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Findings from a pilot environmental health intervention at early childhood centers in the District of Columbia
Conclusions The trainings increased knowledge on environmental health hazards among CCPs. Areas of significant risk reduction were under the direct control of the CCPs and corresponded to key items on the knowledge test. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Amoah, A. O., Witherspoon, N. O., Perodin, J., Paulson, J. A. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Integration, influence and change in public health: findings from a survey of Directors of Public Health in England
Conclusions There was a widespread feeling amongst DsPH that they had greater influence since the reforms, and that this went across the local authority and beyond. Public health's influence was most apparent when the transfer of staff to local government had gone well, when collaborative working relationships had developed, and when local partnership groups were seen as being effective. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Jenkins, L. M., Bramwell, D., Coleman, A., Gadsby, E. W., Peckham, S., Perkins, N., Segar, J. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Identifying time trends in multimorbidity —defining multimorbidity in times of changing diagnostic practices
ConclusionThe analyses suggest that the increase of multimorbidity is mainly driven by chronic conditions that are not in need of complex medication. Simple disease counts are inappropriate for defining multimorbidity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 18, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) from a socially disadvantaged environment show poorer therapeutic outcome
ConclusionThese data provide the basis for a detailed investigation on underlying mechanisms by which SEP affects AML survival and prognosis. Strategies to prevent this unsatisfactory situation need to be addressed. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Global burden of stroke in 2010: a pooling analysis of worldwide population-based data on stroke incidence
ConclusionStroke is a significant public health burden worldwide. The prevention, detection, treatment, and control of this condition should be a top priority. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 22, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Poor and non-poor differentials in household health spending in India
ConclusionAffordable health services should be made available to the poor and needy to reduce the health inequalities of the population. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 8, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Multidimensional factors affecting medication adherence among community-dwelling older adults: a structural-equation-modeling approach
We examined a hypothetical model based on the World Health Organization ’s five-dimensional model of medication adherence among a cluster sample of 593 community-dwelling older adults in Macau. The Chinese versions of the Morisky Four-Item Medication Adherence Scale, Fear of Intimacy with Health Professionals Scale, and the Exercise of Self-care Agency Scale were used to measure medication adherence, professional-help relationship, and self-care abilities, respectively.ResultsThe structural-equation model indicated that elderly adults that had less than three chronic diseases (β = −0.118,p&th...
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 1, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The effects of a workplace health promotion program in small and middle-sized companies: a pre –post analysis
This study analyzed data concerning the infrastructure, activity levels and critical factors of success to increase physical activity levels.Subject and methodsA total of N = 342 employees filled out standardized questionnaires about the infrastructure needed for health promotion, their workload, their physical and mental well-being, their resources and their health-related behavior. Statistical pre–post analysis included chi2-tests and multivariate tests. Qualitative interviews identified factors necessary for a successful implementation.ResultsThere were differences concerning employees ’ specif...
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 24, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The historical development of the Dutch Sentinel General Practice Network from a paper-based into a digital primary care monitoring system
ConclusionThe Dutch model is an example of a process responding to the challenges and opportunities associated with the emergence of electronic data collection, leading towards the integration of routine and supplementary data collection for both sentinel surveillance and health services research. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 15, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The association of resting heart rate and mortality by gender in a rural adult Chinese population: a cohort study with a 6-year follow-up
ConclusionsElevated RHR may be an independent marker of all-cause, CVD and other causes of death for both sexes and stroke and cancer deaths for males. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 10, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health care as a universal right
ConclusionThe basic right of access to health care of appropriate quality is a fundamental humanitarian principle that should be enjoyed by all citizens of all countries, and the international community should recognise the obligation to promote these ideals by any means available. Indeed, although social rights such as health care demand citizens ’ solidarity to be enjoyed, only with the universalisation of social rights will humanity be more equal in the future. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 9, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health, well-being and quality of life of community members displaced after an industrial disaster in Trinidad
ConclusionsThe authors suggest that community-level health workers in industrial disaster situations should focus on building community social capital and train first respondents and health workers to become alert to possible health challenges such as delayed or postponed health routines and the emergence of psychological and mental health issues. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 9, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence of reported high blood pressure in Canada: investigation of demographic and spatial trends
ConclusionBoth spatial and non-spatial analyses outline specific cross-sections of the Canadian population that may be at high risk for developing additional cardiovascular health issues related to hypertension. Spatial results demonstrate specific health regions that may be in greater need of public health efforts toward promoting cardiovascular fitness that are tailored to particular regional and cross-sectional requirements. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 6, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Cigarette consumption by individuals in Malaysia: a zero-inflated ordered probability approach
ConclusionsOur results suggest the need to include measures to cope with internal or external cues among smokers with specific socio-demographic characteristics. Cessation interventions should focus on daily smokers in urban surroundings with low education levels and those of Malay ethnic origins. Anti-smoking measures in line with occasional smoking may include ameliorating the male attitude toward smoking and policies to prohibit workplace indulgence. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 6, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health and living conditions in social housing: comparison between rehabilitated and non-rehabilitated neighbourhoods
AbstractAimOur aim is to compare how residents from two social housing neighbourhoods of Porto City, one rehabilitated and one non-rehabilitated, perceived their living conditions, health and quality of life.Subjects and methodsA cross-sectional study was conducted, selecting residents from two social housing neighbourhoods of Porto City, one rehabilitated and another one non-rehabilitated. The information was collected through quantitative (a structured questionnaire; n = 82) and qualitative face-to-face interviews administered by trained interviewers (n = 16).ResultsNo significant differences ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 6, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Morbidity compression, morbidity expansion, or dynamic equilibrium? The time trend of AOK-insured patients with type 2 diabetes in Lower Saxony, Germany
ConclusionsThe results partially indicate an expansion of morbidity. Further research should analyse whether the disease severity has changed over time. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 6, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Leisure, risk awareness and personality factors among female students
ConclusionIf most of the hypotheses are confirmed, certain invalidations give rise to new reflections concerning the direction that preventive action should take for the physical and psychological well-being of female students. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 6, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Are residents of high-walkable areas satisfied with their neighbourhood?
ConclusionThese results contribute to the current limited understanding of the association between walkability and neighbourhood satisfaction, especially in a European context. More comparable, longitudinal research would be helpful to determine what impact walkability has on neighbourhood satisfaction and to identify the important mediating factors. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 6, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Oral health care offered to people with disabilities in the primary health care network: what do dentists say?
AbstractAimTo evaluate the oral health care offered to people with disabilities (PDs) from the perspective of dentists in Jo ão Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.Subjects and methodsThis is a cross-sectional study with a sample of 70 dentists working in the primary health care network of Jo ão Pessoa, with sampling error of 10 %. Semi-structured interviews were conducted by a single interviewer after pilot test. Descriptively and analytically analyzed using the chi-square test (α 
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 3, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Physical activity of German children during different segments of the school day
ConclusionThe findings suggest that segments such as PE lessons and morning breaks are important sources for MVPA for boys and girls. This should therefore be considered for policies, timetables and curriculums in order to offer sufficient opportunities for children to be physically active during the school day. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 3, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Facial trauma and associated factors among Brazilian victims of motorcycle accidents
AbstractAimTo determine the prevalence of facial trauma among Brazilians who have suffered motorcycle accidents and investigate associated factors.Subjects and methodsA cross-sectional study was conducted from 1,689 reports of motorcycle accidents registered in a Center of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry over 4  years. The dependent variable was the presence of facial trauma. Independent variables included sociodemographic characteristics of the victims and the circumstances of the events. Statistical analyses included descriptive statistics, Pearson’s chi-square test (p 
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 1, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research