Association between mobile phone usage and hypertension among adults in an urban area of Puducherry: a case control study
ConclusionThere was a significant positive association between hypertension and duration of mobile phone usage. However, further studies are required to confirm our findings. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 30, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effect of a fall prevention program for elderly persons attending a rural family medicine center, Egypt
AbstractBackgroundIn Egypt, few studies have explored the problem of falling and interventions to prevent falls in older adults.ObjectiveTo assess the effect of multifactorial, individualized interventions for prevention of falls among elderly persons.MethodsA quasi-experimental intervention study design with pre-post assessment was used. A sample of 100 community-dwelling persons aged 60  years or older was selected from the Fanara Family Medicine Center regestries. An evidence-based, coordinated fall prevention program was implemented. The primary outcome measure was rate of falls assessed at baseline and 12 mo...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 30, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Female sexual dysfunction in Egyptian women with anxiety: prevalence and patterns
In table 4: column 3, row 1 -n = 78 (%) should be 35.0 ± 7.4. The correct table is shown below. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 18, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Built environment correlates of walking for recreation or exercise
ConclusionThe present study suggests that urban planners and designers as well as public health promoters need to highly consider the contribution of built environment variables in neighborhoods as well as socio-demographic variables to promote walking behavior changes among the adult population. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 14, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Impact of educational intervention on osteoporosis knowledge among university students in Beni-Suef, Egypt
The article contains an error. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 12, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sleep duration and physical fighting involvement in late adolescence
ConclusionShorter duration of sleep seems to be associated with physical fighting involvement, although the relationship might be mediated by other behavioural factors. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Crossing the wide gap between positive attitude towards blood donation and its poor practice among university students: can knowledge and demographic characteristics help?!
ConclusionsThere was a gap between attitude, on one hand, and knowledge and practice, on the other hand, of Egyptian university students with regard to blood donation. Collaborations between Ministries of Health and Education to facilitate and encourage blood donation practice for students at their place of study are required. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 9, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Informal health care: examining the role of women and challenges faced as caregivers in rural and urban settings in Ghana
ConclusionFor caregivers to perform their roles efficiently and effectively, government and health care authorities must provide them with immediate financial support and training. Also, in the near future policy makers should put a comprehensive policy in place to bolster caregiving in general. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Facilitators of and barriers to the use of healthcare services from a user and provider perspective in Ejisu-Juaben municipality, Ghana
ConclusionThe study findings highlight the need to address barriers to the utilisation of formal healthcare by reviewing the national health insurance scheme, recruiting language interpreters at health facilities and integrating the formal and traditional systems into the mainstream national health system in Ghana. This move would help make headway toward meeting UN Sustainable Development Goal 3 of ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages by 2030. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 3, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Validation of behavioral simulations: a case study on enhancing collaboration between partnership organizations
ConclusionsUse of behavioral simulations should be encouraged to promote policy awareness and understanding, refine implementation strategies and improve outcomes in newly formed partnerships. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 30, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Casualties of context? Risk of cognitive, behavioral and physical health difficulties among children living in high-incarceration neighborhoods
We examined if residence in high-incarceration neighborhoods is associated with risk of cognitive, behavioral and physical health problems for young children net of individual-level parental incarceration status.Subjects and methodsWe used regression analysis and linked data from Year 9 of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study and zip code level information on neighborhood prison admission rates from Justice Atlas of Sentencing and Corrections in 2008.ResultsNeighborhood incarceration rates appear to have some independent and negative associations with child cognitive outcomes. For behavioral outcomes, individual-...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Validation of DASS-21 among nursing and midwifery students in Brunei
AbstractBackgroundThe Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) is a promising tool compared with traditional measures because of its greater divergent validity. Unlike the original DASS-42, the DASS-21 version still lacks validation studies particularly in Asian populations.AimTo validate the psychometric properties of DASS-21 among nursing and midwifery students.Subjects and methodsData were collected at three time points, the beginning, middle and end of the semester, from students enrolling in the positive thinking module. Reliability statistics, floor and ceiling effects, and factor analysis were computed.ResultsOne ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Factors associated with non-utilization of maternal and child health services in Nigeria: results from the 2013 Nigeria demographic and health survey
ConclusionOur study concludes that maternal health-seeking behaviour is poor among women of reproductive age in Nigeria. In addition, demographic and socio-economic factors were significantly associated with the non-utilization of maternal and child health services. There is an urgent need for interventions to encourage the use of these services among women of reproductive age. Policy-makers need to design and implement policies targeted at women from the poorest households, who are less educated and living in rural areas or in the North West or South South region. This will assist in promoting change in maternal health-se...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 22, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Economic cycle, fertility, and seasonal pattern of suicide rates in South Korea from 1995 to 2015
ConclusionThese results provide evidence that there is a significant relationship between suicide rates and the socioeconomic factors mentioned above in South Korea. The results obtained in this study may help to create public policies for lowering suicide rates in South Korea. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 21, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sun protective behaviours during maximum exposure to ultraviolet radiation when undertaking outdoor activities: an integrated literature review
ConclusionDespite numerous sun safe campaigns over time, it appears that low perceptions of risk are undermining the messages. Future health promotion campaigns should focus on appearance-based interventions, avoidance of harmful ultraviolet radiation exposure in all climates, and the importance of sun-protective clothing and eye protection necessary during necessary periods of high ultraviolet radiation exposure. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 19, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Grazing, motives to eat palatable foods, and fat and sugar consumption: an exploratory investigation
ConclusionMotivations to eat palatable foods appears to be more explanatory of grazing in the sphere of weight regulation and grazing than the actual consumption of fat and sugar. Possible explanations and future directions are discussed.Level V: Opinions of respected authorities, based on clinical experience, descriptive studies or reports of expert committees. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 19, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

¡Nosotros corremos, nosotros jugamos! [we run, we play!]: Children’s perceptions of physical activity in Mexican-origin border communities
DiscussionGender differences are common and have previously been attributed to societal norms. Desired physical activity consisted of longing to participate in more of their current activities involving contact sports for boys and general play for girls. Interviews conducted in neutral settings can allow for natural, unrestricted responses from children. New activities should be introduced to expand desired activity and subsequently increase physical activity within these populations.SignificanceWhat is already known about the subject?Social, economic, and geographic risk factors combined with a lack of access to physical ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 19, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Magnitude of occupational exposure to bagasse dust and associated factors among Metehara Sugarcane Factory workers, east Shoa, Ethiopia
ConclusionsLack of safety audits and labor inspections, lack of PPE, absence of job rotation, absence of ventilation and current job dissatisfaction were found to be predictors of occupational exposure to bagasse dust. Hence, the identified factors should be considered to minimize exposure of sugarcane factory workers to bagasse dust. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Determinants of obesity in Turkey: appetite or disease?
ConclusionsWhen combating obesity in Turkey, social risk groups that are more likely to be obese should be identified and awareness training should be carried out for each group with suitable objectives and programs. The aim of such programs should be to encourage adequate and balanced nutrition and regular physical activity and to teach individuals about the adverse effects of obesity on health (cardiovascular disease, diabetes, some types of cancer, hypertension, etc.). (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 14, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Quality of implementation of the school health program in a rural district of Oyo State, Nigeria: a public-private comparison
ConclusionQoI of the SHP in selected rural public and private primary schools was generally poor, but with better quality in private than public schools. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 13, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Disease mapping of tuberculosis prevalence in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa
ConclusionThe idea of assessing both the impact of covariates at the ecological level and spatial outlines in the same context should be encouraged in epidemiology to help with creating epidemiological surveillance systems (ESS) on a provincial basis for planning interventions and improvement of control programme efficiency. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association between maternal and child oral health and dental caries in Korea
AbstractAimThe aim of this study was to examine the oral health-related behaviors in mothers and their children and the prevalence of dental caries in both.Subject and methodsA sample of 2536 children and their mothers was selected from the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Variables were analyzed using multiple regression to evaluate the prevalence of dental caries among children and mothers, demographic socioeconomic status, and oral health-related behaviors.ResultsThe average age of the mothers was 40.28  years and that of the children was 10.88 years. Mean DT scores were 0.67 for ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Dispositional mindfulness promotes public health of the obesity population by reducing perceived discrimination and weight stigma concerns
ConclusionMindfulness may benefit negative emotional symptoms of obese individuals by reducing the effect of perceived discrimination, which further reduces weight stigma concerns. The results shed light on mindfulness-based weight stigma reduction interventions. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 9, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Tracking the efficacy of the test and treat model of HIV prevention in India using National Family Health Surveys (2005 –16)
AbstractAimThis paper aims to track the efficacy of the Test and Treat model of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention adopted by the government of India, 2015 –16, using the last two rounds of National Family Health Survey, providing community-based insights in the testing of HIV prevalence in 2005–06 and 2015–16.MethodsThe survey collected information from a nationally representative sample of 69,751 men and 124,385 women in 2005 –06 and 103,411 men and 121,118 women age 15–49 in 2015–16 respectively. Both descriptive and multivariate techniques have been used.ResultsThe 'test a...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 8, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Determinants of child labour practices in Ghana
ConclusionThese findings highlight the importance of raising awareness about the dangers of child labour and exploring avenues for its prevention. Our recommendation is that policy-makers should especially target the Ashanti, Brong Ahafo, Eastern, Upper East, Upper West and Volta regions where child labour is rampant. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Lower attendance rates in BreastScreen Norway among immigrants across all levels of socio-demographic factors: a population-based study
ConclusionThe association between socio-demographic factors and mammographic screening attendance differed between immigrant groups. Further studies and preventive health measures should take into account that considering immigrants as a homogeneous group may lead to less effective interventions. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 3, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The role of individual characteristics and municipalities in social inequalities in perceived health (Italy, 2010 –2012): a multilevel study
ConclusionsFinally, by showing that variability in health relates mainly to individual characteristics, this study suggests that intervention to mitigate social inequalities in health should focus on structural factors, such as education and the labour market. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Male gender, age and low income are risk factors for road traffic injuries among adolescents: an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses
ConclusionThe findings clearly showed the need to develop specific injury prevention strategies on the basis of educational level, income and social status. Furthermore these aspects represent the main reasons for inequalities and different levels of efficacy of road safety interventions among the adolescents worldwide. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Reference growth curves for Greek infants and preschool children, aged 0 –6.7 years
ConclusionThese growth curves could serve as an additional reference for Greece. That the  85th BMI percentile of this study was higher than all available data should be seriously addressed. Therefore, the growth patterns of preschool children from the present study could serve as approximate indicative values and assist in assessing the health level of the Greek child population. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors of refractive errors among preparatory school students in Beni-Suef, Egypt
AbstractBackgroundStudying the epidemiology of refractive errors (REs) among school students is important for developing national strategies that can prevent visual impairment. The purpose of this study was to detect the prevalence and risk factors of RE among preparatory school students in Beni-Suef, Egypt.MethodsIn this cross-sectional study, a total of 469 school students aged 12~14  years received visual acuity (VA) assessments using Snellen’s chart, and students who failed the test (visual acuity worse than 6/9 in either eye) were subjected to refractive evaluation using an autorefractor.ResultsThe overall ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Lifestyle habits and well-being among primary health physicians in western Saudi Arabia
ConclusionHealth and well-being promotion programs should be established for physicians in primary care centers coinciding with regular check-ups and screenings for early detection and intervention to reduce the burden of lifestyle-associated diseases among primary care physicians. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 24, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Exploring cross-generational physical activity: who are the gate-keepers?
ConclusionChildren of this age group were not passive recipients of parental gate-keeping in cross-generational physical activity. Cross-generational recreation, sport, and exercise wasco-constructed by interplay between the child and parent. Physical activity health promotion policy and practice should recognise and promote the roles that both children and parents plays in the instigation of, and engagement in cross-generational physical activity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 24, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Decomposing the gap in child malnutrition between poor and non-poor in Sierra Leone
ConclusionBased on the findings, the study suggests that improving public services such as basic health care and the education level of the mothers among the poor can ameliorate the negative impact of poverty on childhood malnutrition. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 21, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Relationship between musculoskeletal disorders and physical inactivity in adolescents
ConclusionsThe current study has shown that the prevalence of MSDs was high among high school students, with a correlation being found between low physical activity and back pain. Physical activity levels should hence be considered when evaluating adolescents with musculoskeletal disorders. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 18, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Studies on the influence of breakfast on the mental performance of school children and adolescents
ConclusionBased on the results obtained, it is highly recommended to offer breakfast at school, particularly at the secondary school level. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 17, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The methanol content of illicit alcoholic beverages seized in a low socio-economic area of Tel-Aviv: public health impact and policy implications
ConclusionWe identified the sale of alcoholic beverages with high methanol content in the disadvantaged areas of Tel-Aviv, though hospitalization data does not reveal a high prevalence of cases involving methanol toxicity. This may be related to misreporting or underreporting by area emergency rooms. Policy implications include the need to inform local shopkeepers and shop-owners on labeling regulations, and make information and health warnings accessible to the foreign-born population residing in the area. A larger sample is needed to determine the extent of the sale of methanol-containing illicit alcoholic beverages. (So...
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 15, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Implementing a regression discontinuity design to explore the heterogeneous effects of obesity on labour income: the case of Mexico
ConclusionWe conclude on a co-occurrence of pro- and anti-fat social norms in emerging countries. Our results might be generalised to other middle-income economies with similar nutritional patterns where hunger is marginal and overweight predominant. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Nutritional status of school children in eastern Hararghe administrative zone, eastern Ethiopia
ConclusionUndernutrition was an important problem among the school children in the study area. Stunting and thinness were significantly increased in the higher age group. Therefore, more effort should be made to improve the nutritional status of children aged 15 –18 years in both the rural and urban study areas. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 3, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Patients ’ perspectives on generic substitution among statin users in Japan
ConclusionA certain level of cost saving is necessary for patients to substitute. Physician-initiated substitution reduce patients ’ concerns in switching. The introduction of a kind of policy to widen the price difference between brand-name drugs and generic drugs should be considered as one of the policy options. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 24, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Comparing single-level and multilevel regression analysis for risk adjustment of treatment outcomes in common mental health disorders
ConclusionsThe findings of risk adjustment of mental health outcomes are quite robust for the use of single-level or multilevel regression analysis in the current study. However, given the small but significant amount of variation in outcomes that is attributable to providers, the multilevel approach is recommended for dealing with outcomes when patients are clustered within providers. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 24, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Evaluating opportunities for successful public –private partnership in the healthcare sector in Poland
ConclusionsExamination of different models of PPPs in different countries suggest that several important factors are required for a successful PPP project. The main factors that may affect the success of PPPs in the Polish market are: changes to the contract with the payer for the health care services, stable economic and legal conditions, appropriate allocation of risk, enough experience on both sides, use of a reputable and competent private partner, and sufficient initial capital. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Loneliness among older European adults: results from the survey of health, aging and retirement in Europe
AbstractPurposePrevious research has suggested that individuals are mostly prone to loneliness in their later years of life because of exposure to several risk factors typical of old age. The current study aims to examine possible demographic, health and social determinants of loneliness among older adults in Europe.MethodsData on a nationally representative sample of 5074 Europeans aged ≥ 65 years were drawn from the first wave of the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE, 2004/2005). Frequency of feelings of loneliness was examined according to adverse health conditions, stressful life events an...
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 17, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Evaluation of preparedness of healthcare student volunteers against Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Makkah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study
AbstractAimTo assess the knowledge and attitude of senior medical, dental, nursing and pharmacy students toward Middle East respiratory syndrome-corona virus (MERS-CoV) in Saudi Arabia.Subjects and methodsA cross-sectional survey using a 21-item questionnaire was conducted for a 3-month period from November 2015 –January 2016 in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire was designed to evaluate students’ understanding and perception of MERS-CoV. An ANOVA test was used to determine the association of study discipline and academic year with the student knowledge score on MERS.ResultsA total of 364 students were ass...
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 14, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Media influence and body satisfaction among adolescent females, Minia, Egypt
ConclusionThere was a relation between media influence and body dissatisfaction in this sample of Egyptian female students. Media literacy training could represent a promising approach to eating and body disturbance prevention. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 6, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life in outpatients with chronic heart failure associated with sideropenic anemia
ConclusionAnemia has a significant impact on self-perceived health. Anemic patients are more likely to have worse heart failure as indicated by a higher NYHA class, thus being at higher risk for a decline of HrQoL compared with non-anemic patients. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding the leishmaniases among inhabitants from a Paraguayan district in the border area between Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay
ConclusionThese results suggest the necessity of conducting an educational intervention in these vulnerable populations, to improve conditions for prevention and control of leishmaniasis in the triple border where the flux of people is very intense and the chances of outbreaks are currently very high.Graphical abstractᅟ (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 3, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The hidden cost of development —a review of mental health issues of displaced tribal populations in India
ConclusionIt is necessary to perceive the mental health status of displaced tribal populations within the larger framework of social justice. A strictly biomedical approach is insufficient when the individuals seeking help are under constant stress. Thus, a mental health program is needed for tribal people that offers a perspective broad enough to address the needs of individuals and the local worlds in which they live. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 30, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Non-medical predictors for ever and current use of contraceptives among women in Minia, Upper Egypt
ConclusionsEnlightened counselling about family planning should be encouraged at early stages in the family-building process, or even before that. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 27, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health care facility vulnerability in developing nations: strengthening health care policy-making and implementation
ConclusionGovernance need to be strengthened in PHCs, followed by sustained support in resources and financing. Poor health status in developing nations necessitates a public health response based on health systems. Therefore, an assessment of health facility vulnerability in the form of laboratory services is essential in primary health care facilities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 27, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Depression among adults with chronic hepatitis C on antiviral treatment in Port-Said, Egypt
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of depression among adults with chronic hepatitis C on antiviral treatment.Subjects and methodsThis was a cross-sectional descriptive and analytic study, conducted between January and August 2017, in two centers for hepatitis C virus treatment in Port Said governorate; one center is located in a fever hospital for non-insured persons, and the other is located in Eltadamon, which is a health insurance hospital for insured persons. It included adults with chronic hepatitis C virus infection attending the locations of the study by systematic random sampling of 288 patients. They fil...
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 27, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research