Knowledge, beliefs, mental health, substance use, and behaviors related to the COVID-19 pandemic among US adults: a national online survey
AbstractAimGiven the need for data to inform public health messaging to mitigate the COVID-19 pandemic, this national survey sought to assess the state of COVID-19-related knowledge, beliefs, mental health, substance use changes, and behaviors among a sample of U.S. adults.Subject and methodsIn the period March 20 –30, 2020, we collected data on COVID-19-related knowledge, awareness and adoption of preventive practices, depression and anxiety (Patient Health Questionnaire-4), stress (Impact of Event Scale-6), pessimism, and tobacco and alcohol use. Differences between age groups (18–39 years, 40–59&n...
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 12, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Robust cross-country comparison of children meeting 24-HR movement guidelines: an odds solution for binary effect efficiency measures
ConclusionRobust methods for international cross-country comparison of binary effect measures such as meeting or not meeting guidelines are identified with a novel odds ratio method. This novel solution is particularly important for health promotion evaluation of IMGs given the need for consistent comparison in evaluating practice evidence of what works now and consistent evidence translation of treatment effects as and when they emerge. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 11, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Using patient-reported outcomes in measurement-based care: perceived barriers and benefits in oncologists and mental health providers
AbstractAimPatient-reported outcomes (PRO) are assessments of a patient ’s perception of their own health. PROs are often used in measurement-based care (MBC) to assess whether a treatment is working or needs to be changed. We compared oncology providers to mental health providers about barriers and benefits for PRO-based MBC.Subject and methodsOncologists (n = 200) and mental health professionals (n = 250) were recruited through a survey panel. The survey was designed with input from providers and a patient investigator. Multivariate analyses compared oncologists to mental health professi...
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 11, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association between smoking and environmental tobacco smoke with lung cancer risk: a case –control study in the Fujian Chinese population
AbstractAimTo investigate the association between smoking, environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), and lung cancer risk.MethodsThis case –control study included 1622 newly diagnosed cases of lung cancer and 1622 healthy frequency-, age-, and gender-matched control participants. Epidemiological data were collected by in-person interviews using a standard questionnaire.ResultsSmoking was a risk factor for lung cancer in men (odds ratio (OR)  = 4.486, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) 3.586–5.611). In addition, decreased starting age, increased number of cigarettes smoked per day, duration of smoking, pack&...
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 10, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Adherence to dietary patterns among cancer survivors in the United States
This study investigates the association between a previous history of cancer and adherence to dietary patterns in the United States.Subject and methodsThis cross-sectional study included 13,751 adults ages 18 and older from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). We used principal component analysis (PCA) to identify major dietary patterns. We used linear regression models to assess the association between previous cancer history and adherence to dietary patterns.ResultsA previous history of cancer was not associated with adherence to the prudent dietary pattern. The western dietary pattern...
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 5, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence and predictors of cognitive impairment among the elderly in Bangladesh
ConclusionThe prevalence of cognitive impairment in Bangladesh is alarming and is comparatively higher among elderly women, which seems to increase with age and the presence of any physical disability. Also, prevalence appears to be lower in people who are more socially engaged or active. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 5, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence, and associated factors of tobacco smoking among adults in the United Arab Emirates; results from national health survey
ConclusionProviding data on the prevalence and factors associated with smoking among specific populations may offer an improved understanding of tobacco use patterns, and will help to develop interventions or health-related policies. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 4, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Obesity: distributional effects of sweetener taxes
ConclusionAggregate sweetener taxes cause a welfare loss to both under-consumers and over-consumers of sweeteners. However, if a selective sweetener tax is imposed only on over-consumers of sweeteners (obese adults), a much higher tax would be necessary, depending on the percentage of population of under-consumers. A selective tax would also be excessively regressive on lower-income people who often over-consume sweeteners. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 3, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Fear of COVID-19 as a precautionary measure to prevent the epidemic among the population of the Kurdistan Region/Iraq: based on a questionnaire survey
ConclusionThis study showed that for the majority of the Kurdistan Region/Iraq population the most reliable source of information for any COVID-19 related updates is the TV broadcast. This study also indicated that there is strong association for the majority of individuals regarding their practices for prevention from COVID-19 and death probability with COVID-19. However, there is not any substantial association between the epidemic and the other deadly calamities and the death probability. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 3, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Understanding misinformation infodemic during public health emergencies due to large-scale disease outbreaks: a rapid review
ConclusionThis review identified the nature and pattern of misinformation during large-scale infectious disease outbreaks, which could potentially be used to address misinformation during the ongoing COVID-19 or any future pandemic. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health outcomes following retirement: a comparative study of health and non-health pensioners in Ghana
ConclusionRetired healthcare workers die earlier after retirement and have a higher prevalence of non-communicable disease and its risk factors compared to non-healthcare workers. It is imperative to put in place measures to ensure individual health workers and occupational health teams develop innovative ways to care for themselves. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Nutritional risk and dietary intake among newly enrolled meals on wheels participants
This study aimed to gain a better understanding of the nutritional risk (NR) and nutritional needs of newly enrolled Meals on Wheels (MOW) participants.Subjects and methodsThis cross-sectional study in a Midwest state assessed the NR and dietary intake frequencies (DIF) of 167 newly enrolled MOW participants ages 60  years and older using the Dietary Screening Tool.ResultsParticipants were primarily female (62.9%) and enrolled in MOW during the winter (85%). Over half (53.9%) classified “at NR,” 43.7% “at possible NR,” and 2.4% “not at NR.” “Low” DIF of dairy, lean prote...
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Wealth index is significantly associated with the early phase of fracture healing among fractured patients at the University of Gondar Specialized Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia
This study aimed to assess the factors associated with the early phase of fracture healing among fractured adult patients at the University of Gondar Specialized hospital, Northwest Ethiopia.MethodsA secondary data analysis was done from the previous institution-based prospective follow-up study from March to June 2015. An interviewer-administered pretested and structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. Early ossification of fractured bone was defined when the bone was ossified/calcified within 1 month of the fracture using X-ray findings. Data were entered into EpiInfo version 3.5.3 software and exported to SP...
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 27, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Living with primary immunodeficiency disease during the Covid-19 pandemic
ConclusionThe PID community is aware of the health risks posed by this public health crisis, and have done as much as possible to minimize their risk to community exposure. This pandemic has highlighted the importance of continuous medical care for a vulnerable population through the use of telemedicine. Healthcare providers should be aware of the emotional burden and increased psychiatric distress, often presenting as fear, anxiety, or depression, in patients with a chronic medical condition during a public health crisis such as the Covid-19 pandemic. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 26, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Perceptions and effects of COVID-19 related information in Denmark and Sweden – a web-based survey about COVID-19 and social media
ConclusionSummarily, the study showed similarities and small differences among residents in both countries related to usage patterns, perceptions and effects of COVID-19 information from (social) media, despite diverging strategies. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 26, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Safeguarding from COVID-19: educating healthcare workers about the available protective equipment
ConclusionThis viewpoint can be considered as a unique example of information on infection control and protective measures. However, due to the lack of evidence, further research is required to compare the effectiveness of medical masks and N95 masks. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 25, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Overcoming the barriers of mobile health that hamper sustainability in low-resource environments
ConclusionThis study provides contributions from and implications for NPOs and researchers. Health practitioners are provided with a knowledge base of what barriers to expect and how to overcome them, to strive for sustainable implementation from the very beginning of an intervention. A process model is identified that structures the response strategies in a time-based agenda of mHealth initiatives and thus makes a theoretical contribution. Overall, this study addresses the need for a theoretical consideration of the “pilotitis” phenomenon, which currently hampers the sustainable implementation and scaling up o...
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 23, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effects of different occupational exposure factors on the respiratory system of farmers: the case of Central Anatolia
ConclusionThe results of the study found that pulmonary function values of agricultural workers were lower compared to reference values. Lower FEV1 was associated with the duration of farming and smoking. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 23, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association between childhood overweight/obesity and urbanization in developing countries: evidence from Bangladesh
ConclusionsResidential area urbanization was associated with childhood OWOB. These results suggest the importance of formulating context-specific prevention programs and policies to mitigate the adverse impacts of urbanization on childhood overnutrition in LMICs like Bangladesh. Future studies are required to understand its causal relationship with OWOB. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 23, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

What elements are important in current treatment and care guidelines to provide culturally sensitive care for people with a migration background and dementia? A systematic analysis
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 23, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

HIV testing service utilization and its association with HIV-related knowledge among students in higher education institutions in Ethiopia: systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionIn general, it was found that VCT service utilization among students at higher education institutions in Ethiopia was low. More than half (54.0%) of students did not know their HIV status. Good HIV-related knowledge was positively associated with VCT service utilization. Therefore, to encourage HIV testing utilization, the HIV education program should be strengthened through institutional capacity-building (training) and improving supply chain systems (AIDS leaflets, stickers, newspapers, and billboards). (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 22, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

An assessment of the contribution of healthcare expenditure to life expectancy at birth in Nigeria
ConclusionsLife expectancy in Nigeria was significantly influenced by the healthcare system funding sources for the past 18  years (2000–2017). However, out-of-pocket payment had the most significant positive effect on life expectancy in the country for the period under review. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 22, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence and factors of cesarean delivery among Bangladeshi reproductive aged women: evidence from multiple Indicator cluster survey 2019 data
ConclusionBangladesh ’s health system urgently needs policy guidelines to monitor clinical indications of CS delivery and prevent an exessive number of CS in private health facilities, which is an essential step to reduce the high prevalence of CS. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 21, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The health and socioeconomic costs of exposure to soil pollution: evidence from three polluted mining and industrial sites in Europe
ConclusionOur results have important implications for public policy: they allow alerting about actually observed health risks in the exposed areas, but they also call for designing awareness campaigns and remedial strategies that are targeted towards the most vulnerable. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 21, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Infectious diseases in India: assessing the role of household amenities and socio-demographic determinants
ConclusionsThe study findings outlined that there is a need for better government interventions towards reducing the burden of infectious diseases in India, particularly in rural areas. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 20, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Measuring and understanding public awareness of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in Alberta, Canada
ConclusionThe FASD Survey is a promising instrument to evaluate public awareness of FASD but it needs further improvement to make valid conclusions about FASD awareness. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 20, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The relationship between neighborhood environment and physical activity in Chinese youth: a retrospective cross-sectional study
AbstractAimNeighborhood walking environment is an environmental issue affecting human health-related behaviors in China and worldwide. High school is a special period in China, during which students need to prepare for the college entrance examination and are physically inactive. Therefore, the influence of environment on high school students ’ physical activities is particularly prominent. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between neighborhood environment walkability and physical activity in Chinese youth.Subject and methodsWe conducted a retrospective questionnaire study on 3424 freshmen fro...
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 19, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Removing barriers for digital health through organizing ambidexterity in hospitals
ConclusionOur results imply that an HDMP can help hospitals to approach organizational ambidexterity through integrating and maintaining hundreds of systems and applications, which allows for a structured and controlled integration of external digital innovations. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 19, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The family nutrition and physical activity (FNPA) screening tool: psychometric characteristics, reliability, and validity in the Turkish population
The objective of this study was to test whether the Family Nutrition and Physical Activity (FNPA) Screening Tool, which evaluates environmental risk factors affecting the occurrence of obesity in children, is valid and reliable in the Turkish population.Subject and methodsWe included 638 parents with children between the ages of 6 and 18 in 12 schools randomly determined in our city. A data form containing sociodemographic characteristics (14 questions) and the FNPA scale (20 questions) adapted to Turkish were applied to the parents. The validity of the scale was analyzed in terms of construct validity using exploratory an...
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 17, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Assessing the mental health condition of home-confined university level students of Bangladesh due to the COVID-19 pandemic
ConclusionThis study reveals that a large proportion of University students of Bangladesh suffered from mental health disturbances during the lockdown period. Implementing mental health plans and providing job security, improved communication approaches toward family members, not flattening illusive news, and preoccupation in household activities may assist to enhance the mental health status of the university students. The authors believe that this study ’s findings will be helpful to expedite the rate of attaining the sustainable development goal associated with health status in Bangladesh. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 17, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Body mass index and bullying victimization as antecedents for depressive symptoms in a Swedish youth cohort
ConclusionGiven the present findings, bullying needs to be prevented, and, if it occurs, it needs to be stopped at an early stage to prevent future depressive symptoms. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 17, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The incidence of pneumonia in the paediatric population in Poland in light of the maps of health needs
ConclusionsBased on our findings, it is warranted to utilize epidemiological knowledge for the planning of an appropriate level of service commissioned both in outpatient and inpatient facilities as well as for the estimation of institutional and staff needs necessary to secure these services. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 17, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Different roles of social participation in socioeconomic disparities in depressive symptoms of Koreans across age groups
ConclusionThe main findings suggest appropriate interventions for depressive symptoms associated with lower socioeconomic status in different life-stage groups through reducing social disparities in formal and informal participation. Further research is needed to identify some other mechanisms and alleviating factors of increased socioeconomic inequalities in late-life depression. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 17, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Transition through smoking stages in adolescents: an innovative perspective using growth mixture models
AbstractAimLittle has been studied about the transition from initial smoking experimentation to future regular smoking in adolescents. We therefore aimed to describe the stages of the transition to smoking process in adolescents using growth mixture models (GMMs).Subject and methodsIn this two-phase cohort study, a representative sample of 4903 10th-grade students was assessed using multistage sampling in Tabriz, Iran. The main outcomes comprising smoking status, intention to start smoking, and smoking during the past week/month, were collected in addition to the predictors, using valid and reliable instruments. The optima...
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 16, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Modeling the survival in patients with HIV by the presence of competing risks for death: sub-distribution and cause-specific hazard approach
ConclusionTaking into account the strong association of CD4(350+), ART, IPT, CPT, and being a male with the hazard of mortality caused by the competing causes of death in patients with HIV, in both SDH and CSH models, designing sex-specific policymaking and interventional programs are recommended to prolong the survival of patients with HIV. The future treatment program can utilize the results. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 16, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Quarantine acceptance and adherence: qualitative evidence synthesis and conceptual framework
ConclusionThe findings and conceptual framework can guide development of effective non-pharmaceutical interventions and as such have direct relevance to public health policy and decision-making for intervening in emergent infectious diseases outbreak such as the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 16, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Reliability and construct validity of the smartphone addiction scale short version (SAS-SV) in Iranian students
AbstractAimThe purpose of this study was to investigate the construct validity and reliability of the Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version (SAS-SV) among male and female Iranian student populations.MethodsThe study used a prospective study design protocol. From January 2019 to April 2019, 388 participants (193 boys and 195 girls, aged 12 to 16  years old) volunteered to complete a SAS-SV questionnaire and sociodemographic-related questions. Factor analysis, t-tests, ANOVA (mean comparison), and correlation analysis were conducted to verify SAS reliability and validity. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 16, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Predicted impacts of government policies and actions on the SARS-CoV-2 disease in the northwestern Himalayan region, India
ConclusionIn this study, we indicate positive effects of the preventive measures, such as lockdown and social distancing, taken in the J&K region, showing a stabilization of the growth curves of new cases of SARS-CoV-2, which tends to a strong decrease over time as the R0 decreases. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 16, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Geographical variations and determinants of depression status in urban South Africa
ConclusionThis study recommends the development and implementation of unique effective approaches for prevention, mitigation, and management of depression problems for each of the provinces. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 14, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Changing epidemiology of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Jiangsu Province, China, 1963 –2017
ConclusionHFRS incidence showed substantial geographical and temporal variations, which may be associated with rodent migration and urbanization. The detected hotspots of HFRS for future control emphasis are Guanyun, Dafeng, Gaochun, and Sihong Counties. The focus should be on young adult males, farmers, and the elderly. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 13, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Burden and prevalence of risk factors for severe COVID-19 in the ageing European population – a SHARE-based analysis
ConclusionsInformation about the prevalence of risk factors might help authorities to identify the most vulnerable subpopulations with multiple risk factors of severe COVID-19 and thus to decide appropriate strategies to mitigate the pandemic. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Investigating the determinants of vaccine hesitancy within undergraduate students ’ social sphere
AbstractAimsVaccine hesitancy is widely recognised as one of the most serious threats to current global health. While the causes underlying vaccine hesitancy have been extensively described and several mitigation strategies trialled amongst current and prospective parents, there is a relative scarcity of research investigating its extent and causative factors amongst university students, a critical demographic due to its temporal proximity to the average child-rearing age. The present study sought to address this literature gap by elucidating the social and demographic factors that might underpin vaccine hesitancy in unive...
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 9, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Social acceptance of serious games for physical and cognitive training in older adults residing in ambient assisted living environments
ConclusionExercise games, if designed right, can mitigate the negative effects of demographic change. Nevertheless, user diversity needs must be considered to ensure that the games are usable and used by a broad audience. The article concludes with guidelines and open research questions for the design of serious games in AAL environments. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 1, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Agent-based simulation of pedestrian dynamics for exposure time estimation in epidemic risk assessment
ConclusionsThe results of this study give insight into how physical distancing as a protective measure can be carried out more efficiently to help reduce the spread of COVID-19. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 1, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

What about health representation in healthcare professionals toward immigrant chronic patients: a new tool for discourse analysis
ConclusionTo conclude, a new semi-structured interview schedule is proposed, able to obtain in-depth information on the representation of HPs toward immigrant chronic patients. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 22, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Promoting social distancing and preventing panic buying during the epidemic of COVID-19: the contributions of people ’s psychological and behavioural factors
ConclusionIt is important to relieve people ’s psychological stress and manage information sharing to control panic buying. In addition, we should promote adoption of safeguarding behaviours for being outside and emphasise the concerns with regard to COVID-19 to encourage people keep social distancing. Measures should be implemented accordi ng to the characteristics of the population. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 21, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

COVID-19 pandemic: a health challenge for commoners during the first unlock phase in India
ConclusionThere was not the same condition as in the preliminary stage. The affected graphs progressively increased, and the government is fighting to control this deadly infection. Central and state governments are working together to combat this pandemic. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 20, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Age-specific prevalence and predictors of tobacco consumption among male adults in India: subnational inequality and associated risk factors
Conclusions and policy implicationsThe research recommends designing dynamic interventional programmes to replace uniformly implemented tobacco control measures adopted in contemporary India. Special interventions are suggested for high-risk target groups, including for the North-east region, for those with lower levels of educational attainment, those from schedule caste background and younger males involved in physical paid work. Tobacco control measures in India are usually framed and implemented for the national population as a whole and without much focus on socio-economic inequalities and regional disparities. This s...
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 20, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Media consumption and mental health during COVID-19 lockdown: a UK cross-sectional study across England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland
ConclusionThis study indicated that higher media consumption was associated with higher levels of anxiety and depression. Worldwide it should be acknowledged that excessive media consumption, particularly social media relating to COVID-19, can have an effect on mental health. However, as this was a cross-sectional study we cannot infer any directionality as we cannot infer cause and effect; therefore, future research involving longitudinal data collection and analyses of variables over time is warranted. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 20, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Time to diagnosis of pediatric cancer and factors that require attention
This study aimed to evaluate the time to diagnosis of pediatric cancer and associated comorbidities during cancer therapy.Subject and MethodsThis was a prospective observational study with a 20-month follow-up of 146 pediatric patients diagnosed with cancer and treated in northeastern Brazil.ResultsThe mean age of the participants was 8.2 ( ± 5.4) years; most of them were males (n = 86; 58.9%) and had been diagnosed with hematologic neoplasms (n = 72; 49.3%). The initial signs and symptoms presented by the patients were associated with the cancer diagnosis (P 
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 19, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research