Post-COVID-19 precautions based on lessons learned from past pandemics: a review
ConclusionsCOVID-19 has become an everyday topic of discussion throughout the world, indicating the increasing number of COVID-19 cases, deaths and recoveries. The lessons learned from past pandemics such as social distancing, wearing masks, avoiding public gatherings and adherence to guidelines, along with personal hygiene, are the key measures that must be taken in order to live with COVID-19. Precautions for the elderly and pregnant women advised by medical authorities are to be strictly adhered to. These will help in reducing COVID-19 cases and in turn will reduce the pressure on hospitals to serve those in need. India...
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 4, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Institutions, culture, and chronically ill patients ’ willingness to pay for medical treatment: a meta-regression analysis
ConclusionThis paper presents a comprehensive synthesis of estimates of chronically ill patients ’ WTP for medical treatment and identifies the key factors determining WTP through a meta-regression analysis. The main finding is that economic and political institutions, cultural traits, the types of disease, socio-economic characteristics, and valuation methods all influence WTP estimates. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 2, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association between solvent exposure and depression among industrial workers
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms based on the Beck depression inventory (BDI) in the workers of an industrial factory and find its association with solvent exposure.Subject and methodsIn this cross-sectional study, all workers at an industrial factory were enrolled. Demographic and clinical data of the participants were collected by a trained interviewer and entered in the study form. All the participants completed the Beck depression inventory questionnaire. Based on the score of the BDI, the study population was dichotomized around the score 11 and the study variables, particularly expo...
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 1, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A three-year longitudinal study of healthy lifestyle behaviors and adherence to pharmacological treatments in newly diagnosed patients with acute coronary syndrome: hierarchical linear modeling analyses
ConclusionGiven the negative long-term trajectories in specific lifestyles and adherence to pharmacological treatments, cardiac rehabilitation programs are suggested to provide repeated psychological interventions aimed at fostering patients ’ capabilities to self-regulate their habitual behaviors. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 1, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Non-utilization of public healthcare facilities during sickness: a national study in India
Conclusionsimportantly, during the last 10 years, the utilization of public health care facilities has dropped significantly, which should be taken seriously as the Indian Parliament has been placing emphasis on equity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 1, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Does health securitization affect the role of global surgery?
ConclusionSurgery substantially lacks securitizing potential in comparison to communicable diseases and by that is structurally given an inferior position in a securitized health order. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 30, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The “battle of sexes” construct among ultra-Orthodox Jews: what is the optimal number of children for a minimal BMI?
ConclusionsResearch findings thus stress the importance of cultural differences among different religious groups and the need for cultural and gender-oriented health policies. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: The role of socioeconomic factors on discontinuation of insulin during pregnancy —methodological challenges from a Swedish register-based study
Due to production errors, the following were corrected: (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 24, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

How physicians can empower patients with digital tools
ConclusionsAccording to the respondents, clinical evidence, motivation, physician and patient ’s involvement in design, and reimbursement, as well as organizations’ appropriate business models and support, are the main determinants of the diffusion and effective adoption of digital tools for successful patient empowerment in internal medicine. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 23, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Educating primary students on infectious diseases and nurturing character and values using socioscientific instruction
ConclusionThe findings suggest that IDSSI is a practical approach that can be incorporated within the primary science curriculum to educate students on the diseases beginning at an early stage. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Medication satisfaction in diabetic patients: Kurdish version
ConclusionDeveloping patients ’ treatment satisfaction will improve treatment management. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 18, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The health literacy status and influencing factors of the high-risk stroke population in Jilin Province
ConclusionThe level of health literacy in the high-risk stroke population was low in Jilin province. The household income, marital status, and family function were influencing factors of health literacy. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 17, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effect of nicotine, low nicotine, and e-cigarette beliefs on cigarette and e-cigarette use in the US population and cancer survivors
ConclusionNicotine, low nicotine, and e-cigarette beliefs are associated with cigarette and e-cigarette use in the general population and among cancer survivors. Educational and nicotine messaging interventions are needed to ensure the dissemination of correct information about tobacco products and demystify incorrect beliefs among smokers and non-smokers. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 17, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Convenience and corner store fruit and vegetable access: attitudes and intentions among Colorado adults, 2014
ConclusionFactors other than proximity to a grocery store affect Colorado adults ’ perceived access to healthy food options and should be considered in the development and implementation of public health programs and policies geared toward improving healthy food access. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 17, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The effect of using three dimensional (3D)-printed assistive devices for clients with physical disabilities to increase self-independency in daily activities
This study examined the effectiveness of using 3D printing as a tool to develop assistive devices for clients with physical disabilities to increase their independence in their daily lives.AimThe aim of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of 3D-printed assistive devices in increasing an individual ’s level of independence during daily occupations.MethodsA quasi-experimental, post-test design was used during this study. The functional independence measure (FIM) scale is an observation-based rating scale that measures the patient ’s performance during daily tasks such as self-care. The data was manage...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 17, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Impact of vaccination policy on changes in rubella virus antibody in Japanese pregnant women
ConclusionsPrevalence of antibody titers depends on vaccine coverage rates. Suitable information needs to be provided prior to conception to all women, their husbands, and family members. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Where are the men in HIV testing and prevention in Namibia?
ConclusionImplementers should consider increasing positive HIV messaging and ensuring availability of a diversity of testing options including a “VIP” package of HIV services for young men in Namibia. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Evaluation of a postpartum linkage and retention quality improvement initiative for women living with HIV in the Deep South
ConclusionResults illustrate the potential impact that individualization of case management directed toward postpartum WLWH could have on future outcomes. Scale up of a low effort, low cost intervention such as the one conducted at this clinic could significantly improve the retention and viral suppression rates of postpartum WLWH in the United States; specifically, in the Southern region where retention and viral suppression rates remain exceedingly low. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Socioeconomic inequalities in pancreatic cancer incidence in Canada: evidence from Cancer Registry data
ConclusionsWe found significant income- and education-related inequalities in pancreatic cancer incidence, with disease being more concentrated in low-socioeconomic populations. The concentration of pancreatic cancer incidence among lower-socioeconomic status Canadians warrants further attention. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Role of dietary patterns and acculturation in cancer risk and mortality among postmenopausal Hispanic women: results from the Women ’s Health Initiative (WHI)
ConclusionsDietary patterns were not associated with cancer risk and mortality in postmenopausal Hispanic women. Less acculturated, Spanish-preferred speakers who report consuming a more traditional Mexican diet may experience a lower risk of cancer and cancer mortality. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association of physical performance impairments and limitations with insufficient physical activity among older adults in Brazil: results from the national health survey
ConclusionsThe prevalence of insufficient physical activity was high and multifactorial, allowing the identification of profiles of greater vulnerability, which should be considered regarding the direction of public policies for rehabilitation interventions directed at the functional performance of older adults. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 13, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Assessing the spatial-temporal clustering and health implications of fine particulate matter (PM2.5)
ConclusionEfforts to integrate disease surveillance and control programs with those that reduce exposure to fine particulate matter, improve air quality, and increase people ’s awareness of the health implications of air pollution should be continued or encouraged. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 13, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Distinct groups of smokers in primary care based on mental health diagnosis
ConclusionDistinct classes of smokers can be identified in primary care settings. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 11, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Care delivery among refugees and internally displaced persons affected by complex emergencies: a systematic review of the literature
ConclusionEvidence from this systematic review revealed a high level of unmet healthcare need among refugees and IDPs and the need for a paradigm shift in the approach to care delivery in CEs. We recommend further research aimed at a more critical evaluation of care delivery in CEs with a view to providing a more innovative and context-specific care service delivery in these settings. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 10, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health beliefs as predictors of intentions toward prostate cancer screening among Nigerian immigrant men
This study consisted of (N = 130) U.S. NIM, aged 40 years and older, who were recruited from local nonprofit associations in New Jersey. Pen-and-paper questionnaire data were gathered using the Behavioral Intention Scale and the modified version of the Champion’s Health Belief Model Scale for Prostate Cancer, along wi th demographic questions. Data were analyzed in SPSS 25.0. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to evaluate how well perceived susceptibility, benefits, and barriers predicted the intention to undergo screening for prostate cancer.ResultsThe model was significantly related to in...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 10, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Employment status, gender and hazardous alcohol use: National Health Survey, 2013
ConclusionGender differences and high prevalence and overlapping of harmful behaviours provide clues for the evaluation of the future needs of health services, as well as guidance for employment protection policies. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Is there an unmet medical need for palliative care services in Germany? Incidence, prevalence, and 1-year all-cause mortality of palliative care sensitive conditions: real-world evidence based on German claims data
ConclusionsIn Germany, more than 400,000 patients per year receive palliative care treatment, which is lower compared to estimates of the number of persons with a potential need for palliative care. This gap was observed particularly in younger to middle-aged individuals. The findings indicate a demand for methodologically sound studies to investigate the public health burden and to quantify the unmet need for palliative care in Germany. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Successful implementation of self-management health innovations
ConclusionsFor successful implementation of self-management health innovation projects, the factors identified in the literature are neither necessary nor sufficient. Therefore, it might be insightful to study how successful implementation works instead of solely focusing on the factors that could be helpful in this process. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Factors affecting occupational hazards among operating room personnel at hospitals Affiliated in Western Iran: a cross-sectional study
The affiliations of Seyyed Amar Azizi and Arash Ziapour are incorrect. It should be as shown below. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 30, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sweetened syndemics: diabetes, obesity, and politics in Puerto Rico
ConclusionsObesity and diabetes form a syndemic in Puerto Rico through multiple and interacting structural factors, such as crime, unemployment, and a broken healthcare system. Puerto Rico ’s economic and healthcare crises leave the island in a difficult situation, unable to support itself and without the resources to improve its situation. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 30, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Investigating trends in foodborne illnesses in Lubbock and other counties in Texas
ConclusionThe increase in the number of inspectors in the city of Lubbock could be a factor in decreasing the incidence of foodborne illnesses, as their work is vital to ensuring adequate food safety practices. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Support for 100% Tobacco-Free Policy on a College Campus in New Jersey: Differences between students and faculty/staff
AbstractAimUsing quantitative and qualitative approaches we investigated the support for a 100% tobacco-free campus policy (TFCP) at a New Jersey public university.Subjects and methodsThe survey included 912 students and 324 faculty/staff. A multivariate ordinal regression was used to identify predictors of support/opposition to a TFCP. Open-ended comments were analyzed thematically to examine participants ’ attitudes regarding TFCP.ResultsSupport for TFCP was higher among faculty/staff (Mean  = 11.6, SD = 5.2) than among students (Mean = 9.0, SD = 5.9)(t&thinsp...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The impact of loneliness on healthcare use in older people: evidence from a nationally representative cohort
ConclusionOlder women experiencing loneliness visit their GP more often irrespective of health, health behaviours or social isolation. While effect sizes were small, there are implications for health service resources at a population level. Importantly, however, this may also be a useful opportunity to redirect towards appropriate services and tailored resources. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 22, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Geographical distribution of falciparum malaria in the world and its relationship with the human development index (HDI): countries based on the WHO report in 2017
In this study, the two-variable correlation method was adopted to analyze the data extracted to investigate the correlation between malaria incidence and HDI. A significance level ofP 
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Comparative Disease Assessment: a multi-causal approach for estimating the burden of mortality
ConclusionsOne advantage of the CDA framework is that it can be applied using multi-causal death registries. Some assumptions are needed to implement it in order to avoid biases, but at least it can provide preliminary estimations of the impact of exposure to diseases as risk factors for deaths from other diseases. Another main advantage is that the burden of deaths is no longer attributed to a single cause, the underlying cause, as it is almost always done. Finally, this framework provides information on the pattern of comorbidity in a (sub)population of subjects who is about to die. These patterns can be used as a refere...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Vaccination —A Step Closer to Universal Health Coverage
ConclusionsAn intersectoral approach is required to increase the accessibility and acceptability of vaccines. The WFPHA ’s Call to Action proposes strategies to reach better immunization outcomes using the Global Charter as a platform for developing better vaccination policies. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Mental and substance use disorders in Peru: a systematic analysis of the Global Burden of Disease study
ConclusionsMental and substance use disorders represent an important cause of disability in 2015 for Peru. Depressive and anxiety disorders were found to be the most prominent cause of disease burden across all age groups, particularly among females. Peru must make the prevention and treatment of mental disorders a public health priority. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 19, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Female university students ’ knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours towards sun exposure and the use of artificial tanning devices: the essence of reducing risky behaviours
ConclusionThis study has re-affirmed that there is no simple correlation between individuals ’ knowledge and attitudes and subsequent sun-tanning behaviours.Feeling good and looking good are critical attributes to female university students ’ self-esteem, and these values and beliefs outweigh risk perception of sun-tanning behaviours, and female university students continue to engage in risky tanning behaviours. Focused health promotion activities by public health authorities and higher education institutions should target students’ principal belief oflooking good feeling good, as such targeted health pro...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 19, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Influencing factors of COVID-19 spreading: a case study of Thailand
AbstractAimA novel corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was declared as pandemic by WHO as global level and local levels in many countries. The movement of people might be one influencing factor, this paper aims to report the situation COVID-19 and spreading in Thailand, including influencing factors of spreading and control.Subject and methodInfected, confirmed COVID-19 data were obtained from the official website of the Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health. Tourist data was downloaded from Ministry of Tourism and Sports. Researchers analyzed the situation from the first found case in Thailand until 15...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Relating sociodemographic factors and glycemic control among inpatients with type 2 diabetes
ConclusionThese findings reveal a significant relationship between age, income level, and glycemic control. Future studies exploring the psychosocial mechanisms that uniquely link social determinants and glycemic control are warranted. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 17, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Bridging the gap: identifying and meeting the needs of lung cancer survivors
ConclusionsThe Bridge program identified and decreased the number and severity of unmet needs through connecting survivors to local resources. Challenges to program implementation included hesitancy of providers to refer, time constraints of survivors and staff, and lack of community resources, especially for identified mental health needs. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 17, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Is time preference and present bias associated with the decision to start, quit or maintain physical activity over time?
ConclusionThe results of our study suggest that interventions aimed at overcoming present bias, such as commitment devices in the form of deposit contracts, may be effective in maintaining physical activity but not initiating physical activity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Influenza molecular diagnostic testing in a 1000-bed academic Italian hospital during the 2018 –19 influenza season
ConclusionsThis analysis, benefiting from the availability of integrated health administrative databases, provided useful information to support public health decision-making and managing the supply and demand for diagnostic tests. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Movement control as an effective measure against Covid-19 spread in Malaysia: an overview
ConclusionThe article provides insight into crucial factors contributing to the success of movement control to effectively contain Covid-19, and highlights the need to prevent future upsurge through continuous monitoring and enforcement. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 13, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Are French adolescents ready to adopt the electronic cigarette? A qualitative study of their knowledge and representations
ConclusionYoung people remain convinced of the role of the traditional cigarette as a factor of social integration in their peer group. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 12, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Phenomenon of depression and anxiety related to precautions for prevention among population during the outbreak of COVID-19 in Kurdistan Region of Iraq: based on questionnaire survey
ConclusionThe findings of the study indicated that the majority of participants were depressed and had anxiety about COVID-19. There was a significant association between gender and depression and anxiety, while there was no significant association between occupation and income, and depression and anxiety. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 10, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The prevalence of disability and contributory factors in Turkey ’s Southeastern Anatolia region
AbstractAimTo determine the prevalence, types, time of disability, and the factors leading to disability in all age groups in the population.Subject and methodsA cross-sectional design was used to study a group of 1069 people in the center of Hazro province in Turkey ’s Southeastern Anatolia Region. Data were collected by visiting 199 households and by face-to-face questionnaire. A survey form for households and a Disabled Person Evaluation Form were used.ResultsOf the participants, 55.7% were male, 27.1% primary school graduates, and 39.5% were married. The frequency of consanguineous marriages in the region was 44....
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 7, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Self-rated health and chronic morbidity in the EU-28 and Turkey
ConclusionThe prevalence of chronic illness in more densely populated EU countries was above the EU-28 average. One in three people in the EU-28 and Turkey had at least one or more chronic conditions. The people in the bottom income quintile usually had the lowest education level in Turkey. These two significant factors coincided with negative health status, chronic conditions and daily activity limitations since health issues are more commonly observed in people with lower socio-economic status. Age was the most important determinant of chronic conditions in Turkey. For every 10 years of age, the risk of poor health and c...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 7, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Stress and burnout in health care workers during COVID-19 pandemic: validation of a questionnaire
ConclusionThe results of this study showed that the DASS-21 offers adequate levels of validity and reliability for assessing the stress, anxiety, and depression among the HCWs engaged with the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, the six items adapted from the Copenhagen burnout inventory (CBI) were found to provide a good instrument for investigating the job burnout among the HCWs at Masih Daneshvari Hospital during the outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

HIV misconceptions among married women in Malawi: the role of household decision-making autonomy
AbstractAimMarried women face one of the highest HIV rates in Malawi. Although HIV misconceptions have been identified as a major contributor to HIV infection, we know very little about the association between household decision-making autonomy and HIV misconception endorsement among married women in Malawi.Subjects and MethodsWe used the 2015/2016 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey and applied a logistics regression technique to examine the association between household decision-making autonomy and HIV misconception endorsement among married women.ResultsThe findings reveal that married women with higher levels of auton...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research