Insulin adherence and the associated factors among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at the Hospital Queen Elizabeth II, Sabah
ConclusionsThe current study suggests an acceptable level of insulin adherence among the T2DM outpatients in HQE II. It is recommended that the high-risk group of non-adherence should be identified, the insulin regimen adjusted, and an individual intensive health education designed in order to increase insulin adherence. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 18, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Reference performance values of pre-seasonal physical fitness in elite youth male football players in Greece
ConclusionFindings indicated that U-19 players performed better than younger players in all assessments. This may have been possible due to the differences in training experience, and individual levels of strength/power/endurance ability. Moreover, establishing normative performance values will allow practitioners to more accurately identify deficiencies in performance that are relative to their athletes. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 18, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effectiveness of telephone-based screening and triage during COVID-19 outbreak in the promoted primary healthcare system: a case study in Ardabil province, Iran
ConclusionThe use of a grading system in referring patients with suspected cases, triage of patients according to symptoms at the comprehensive health centers, and activation of home isolation were the most important factors in reducing the burden of unnecessary referrals of patients to the hospital. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 13, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Socioeconomic factors that impact patient no-shows in the ambulatory urology clinic
This study seeks to identify patient socioeconomic factors that may be associated with no-shows to our academic urology clinics.Subject and methodsThis was a retrospective analysis of patient attendance to appointments scheduled at the main urology clinics of our academic center between April 2018 and April 2019. Attendance to scheduled appointments was computed and analyzed with respect to patients ’ demographics and socioeconomic status, along with clinic site, type of provider scheduled with, and reason for visit. Chi-square test and simple and multiple logistic regression were performed in order to determine the ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 10, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Cardiovascular health care and health literacy among immigrants in Europe: a review of challenges and opportunities during the COVID-19 pandemic
ConclusionsMigrants are both an opportunity and a challenge for public health in Europe. Research aimed at better understanding the healthy migrant effect is necessary. Implementing the beneficial behaviors of migrants could improve outcomes in the whole population. Specific interventions to screen for risk factors, manage chronic disease and increase health literacy could improve health care for migrants. This pandemic is a challenge for the whole population, but active inclusion of immigrants in established health care systems could help improve the long-term health outcomes of migrants in Europe. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 27, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Primary care management of patients with pain complaints and the influence of physician training in mechanical diagnosis and therapy
This study was a single-center retrospective quality and cost metrics data analysis performed at a community regional health-care system; patients seen by primary care physicians for a consultation for pain had subsequent health care utilization and costs compared for a physician trained in MDT with a group of 19 physicians who were not trained in MDT. A total of 22,907 continuously eligible patients were seen during the 12-month period for a pain-related complaint; 1282 patients (6%) were seen by the physician trained in MDT, and 21,625 patients (94%) were seen by the group of physicians that were not trained in MDT (n&th...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 26, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The unified health system of Brazil and the effectiveness of health services
ConclusionUnderfinancing of public sector health services seems to be the central issue for the development of better public health outcomes in Brazil. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 26, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Population migration, confirmed COVID-19 cases, pandemic prevention, and control: evidence and experiences from China
ConclusionThis study confirmed the positive association between population migration and the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases. Based on the theoretical and empirical analysis, China ’s pandemic prevention and control measures are discussed. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 24, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Primary social factors and smoking in Korean adolescents
ConclusionThe impacts of primary social factors are robust on adolescent smoking, particularly in the smoking continuation stage. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 24, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Perception of transmitted risk in healthcare
ConclusionThis lack of statistical understanding of the risk variation concept among those involved in decision-making can impair the health of patients. It is important that information on health risks is corrected by replacing the presentation of relative risk variation by absolute risk variation, so that many can revise their opinions and decisions. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 22, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Quality assessment of systematic reviews on international migrant healthcare interventions: a systematic review
ConclusionsThe overall quality of migrant SRs is suboptimal, with critical gaps linked to low protocol registrations, assessment of risk of bias and publication bias, additional analysis of synthesized evidence and available funding. These findings reflect current deficiencies in the development of SR on migrant healthcare. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Connecting tobacco users in the primary care setting to comprehensive tobacco treatment: a quality improvement initiative
ConclusionThe new process spread through all of Stanford Primary Care clinics, has sustained over time, and could serve as a model for other institutions seeking to enhance capacity for tobacco treatment in their health care system using process improvement methodology. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Non-communicable disease comorbidities (NCDCs) among youth in South Africa: the causal contribution of not being in school or work and other socioeconomic characteristics
ConclusionThe results of this study highlight social inequalities that need to be addressed in order for youth who are already diagnosed with one NCD to prevent further disease development. Policies and programmes engaged in the National Health Insurance debate should be aware that through non-medical responses, the potential strain of NCDCs on the system could be prevented. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A multivariate analysis of risk factors associated with death by Covid-19 in the USA, Italy, Spain, and Germany
AbstractAimOur aim was to investigate the risk factors associated with death from COVID-19 in four countries: The USA, Italy, Spain, and Germany.Subject and methodsWe used data from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation with projection information from January –August 2020. A multivariate analysis of logistic regression was performed. The following factors were analyzed (per day): number of beds needed for the hospital services, number of intensive care units (ICU) beds required, number of ventilation devices, number of both hospital and ICU admissions due to COVID-19. Nagelkerke’s R2 coefficient of d...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Medical waste management of village clinics in rural China
ConclusionThese findings suggest that Chinese policymakers and health administrators should pay more attention to rural areas in addressing potentially hazardous medical waste management practices by investing financial support as well as developing specific guidelines tailored to resource-strained rural primary healthcare facilities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Low incidence of COVID-19 in the West African sub-region: mitigating healthcare delivery system or a matter of time?
This study examines the growth trends in the COVID-19 pandemic and fatalities arising from its complications among tested patients in West Africa. Countries around the world have employed several measures in order to control the spread of the disease. In spite of the poor state of the healthcare delivery system in West Africa, the spread of the pandemic is relatively low compared to reported cases in other regions of the world. The study addresses this phenomenon by asking the question: is the low incidence of COVID-19 in the West African sub-region a mitigating healthcare delivery system or just a matter of time?MethodsTh...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 17, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Grade pending: the effect of the New York City restaurant sanitary grades inspection program on Salmonellosis
ConclusionsConsistent with recent evidence that public reporting has had little impact on public health, public reporting of restaurant sanitary inspection grades did not appear to decrease the incidence ofSalmonellosis. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 17, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The impact of comprehension of disease-related information and perceptions regarding effects and controllability on protective and social solidarity behaviors with regard to COVID-19
This study aims to investigate the impact of all those variables on protective and social solidarity behaviors concerning COVID-19.Subject and methodsThis cross-sectional study was conducted in the early stages of the outbreak in Turkey. Data were collected between April 1 and April 6, 2020, via an online survey. The reliability of the scales was tested. Exploratory factor analysis was used to examine construct validity. SEM analysis was employed to determine the model.ResultsSEM analysis indicates that fit indices ( χ2 = 4.108 df = 2; χ2/df = 2.05; RMSEA = 0....
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 15, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Early school closures can reduce the first-wave of the COVID-19 pandemic development
ConclusionThe available data suggest that school closures can potentially reduce transmission during the pandemic, although more research is needed on the effectiveness of these practices. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 15, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The epidemiology of tobacco use in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionThe prevalence of current and lifetime tobacco smoking was higher in males when compared to females. Measures to create awareness and to integrate the management of tobacco smoking and dependence at the primary health care level are warranted. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 15, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Recent perspectives and awareness on transmission, clinical manifestation, quarantine measures, prevention and treatment of COVID-19 among people living in Malaysia in 2020
ConclusionTo date, there is no specific treatment or vaccine for COVID-19, thus staying at home is the best preventive measure to curb the further growth of positive cases in the country. These findings could provide an insight in designing effective preparedness for future pandemic outbreaks. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 14, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The prevalence and correlates of physical activity/inactivity and sedentary behaviour among high-school adolescents in Iran: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionThe prevalence of physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour was high in our studied sample. Interventions that address the issue of active school transport, sedentary behaviour, fruit and vegetable intake, family and peer support and bullying should be given more priority by the public health authorities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 14, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Knowledge, health beliefs, and preventive behavior regarding cervical cancer among Turkish women: a cross sectional study
This study aimed to evaluate knowledge, health belief, and preventive behavior regarding cervical cancer among Turkish Women.Subjects and methodsThis cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted from May to June 2019 in the province of Ayd ın, Turkey, with a total of 131 women. The data were collected using questionnaires filled out by the participants and the Cancer Information Overload Scale and The Turkish version of the Cervical Cancer and HPV Awareness Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using t test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlatio n analysis performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20.Resu...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 13, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sources of information in times of health crisis: evidence from Turkey during COVID-19
ConclusionIn sum, this study provides evidence that a source of information might be influenced by demographic factors. Researchers and policymakers can use a source of information to develop crisis-response strategies by considering variations in the demographic factors. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 13, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Associations between sleep practices and social behavior of children and adolescents: a systematic review
AbstractAimStudies have shown that sleep problems can affect social behavior. This review was conducted to evaluate how reduced sleep duration, sleep quality, and sleep problems can contribute to changes in the social behavior of children and adolescents from scientific evidence on problems regarding the social behavior in children and adolescents derived from sleep problems.Subjects and methodsIt integrated findings from cross-sectional and cohort studies that assessed the association between sleep duration/quality/problems and social behavior of children and adolescents. PubMed and LILACS databases between January 2011 a...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 13, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

“Knowing” your population: who are we caring for at Tulane University School of Medicine’s student-run free clinics?
ConclusionFuture applications derived from this study may include redistribution of resources for patient education, social services, medical inventory, and preventative health services based on patient clinical needs. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 11, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Interprofessional education and collaboration in public health: a multidisciplinary health professions IPE project
ConclusionThis research provides support for the effectiveness of a brief, collaborative IPE intervention in increasing health professions students ’ interprofessional awareness, understanding, and intent to interprofessionally collaborate. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 11, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Access barriers to healthcare for people living with disabilities
ConclusionAccess to healthcare for people living with disabilities represents a significant challenge, especially in a rural setting. Although improved technology may make healthcare more efficient, the majority of patients with disabilities faced access barriers and implicated deficits in “patient-centered care” as a factor in poor health care experiences. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 10, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Influence of sociodemographic factors on child mortality in Bangladesh: a multivariate analysis
ConclusionsThe government should not only take the necessary steps to reduce child deaths in the rural zones of Dhaka, Rajshahi, Rangpur, and the Sylhet Division, but should also consider stopping the practice of early marriage by increasing women ’s education in both urban and rural areas of Bangladesh. It will implement the program to fulfill the 11th national election manifesto of the ruling government of Bangladesh. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 10, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Impact of combination MMRV vaccine on first-dose coverage for measles and varicella: a population-based study
ConclusionVaccine coverage for varicella increased after the introduction of the combination MMRV vaccine, and there was a narrowing in the gap between MMR and varicella coverage. Very few children received separate vaccines after the introduction of the combination MMRV vaccine. These findings suggest that combination vaccines are acceptable to most parents and increase coverage for varicella in our setting. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 9, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The study of tuberculosis outbreak in a high school —Shanghai, China, 2017–2018
ConclusionThe case-finding delay should be reduced to prevent the spread in classes and schools. Effective surveillance and regulated screening for student contacts should be strengthened in schools to detect infections early. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 8, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Retention in group-based diabetes care programs: a multiple-case study design
ConclusionThe findings of this study shed insight on the factors impacting participant retention across group-based diabetes programs. These findings have the potential to inform diabetes educators on how to improve retention in ongoing or future diabetes programs. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 8, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

COVID-19 in Italy: did the virus run on an ancient Roman road?
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence of anemia in the Portuguese adult population: results from the first National Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)
ConclusionAnemia represents a relevant public health issue in Portugal. In women, it is more prevalent among those of childbearing age and older, and in men among older individuals of low socioeconomic status. This information is relevant for developing targeted strategies aimed at the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of anemia. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The impact and measure of adverse childhood experiences: reflections of undergraduates and graduates in England
This article shares findings from an online questionnaire of 156 graduates and undergraduates which sought to capture and describe the range of ACEs participants were exposed to before the age of 18, including those not associated with the ACE study survey (Felitti et al.1998). The research built upon the original study with the inclusion of open-ended questions to capture any additional ACEs participants felt they experienced.ResultsThis distinction was used to investigate whether the inclusion of additional ACEs and the exclusion of perceived non-traumatic ACEs significantly affected the participants ’ overall ACE ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Student achievement goals and psychosomatic health complaints among Swedish adolescents: the role of sex
ConclusionAdolescent psychosomatic health may be improved by the encouragement of student goals related to adaptive and successful goal profiles such as mastery orientation. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 8, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Exploring the relationship between oral high-risk HPV infection and sexual behavior among over 400 medical professionals in Japan
Conclusions and clinical relevanceOral HR HPV infection in Japan seems to be influenced by sexual behavior, and preventive health efforts such as vaccination and health education should be implemented. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 7, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Supporting Wellness at Pantries (SWAP): changes to inventory in six food pantries over one year
ConclusionsOne year post-intervention, the nutritional quality of food pantry inventories improved. These findings support continued structural changes to promote healthy food access to people experiencing food insecurity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 7, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Rapid health impact assessment of a Danish policy document: One Denmark without Parallel Societies: No Ghettos in 2030
ConclusionThe overall health impacts of the policy “One Denmark without Parallel Societies: No Ghettos in 2030” were rather negative. Besides leading to poor mental health, substantial economic losses can be expected as well as issues related to human rights. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Post-COVID-19 precautions based on lessons learned from past pandemics: a review
ConclusionsCOVID-19 has become an everyday topic of discussion throughout the world, indicating the increasing number of COVID-19 cases, deaths and recoveries. The lessons learned from past pandemics such as social distancing, wearing masks, avoiding public gatherings and adherence to guidelines, along with personal hygiene, are the key measures that must be taken in order to live with COVID-19. Precautions for the elderly and pregnant women advised by medical authorities are to be strictly adhered to. These will help in reducing COVID-19 cases and in turn will reduce the pressure on hospitals to serve those in need. India...
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 3, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Institutions, culture, and chronically ill patients ’ willingness to pay for medical treatment: a meta-regression analysis
ConclusionThis paper presents a comprehensive synthesis of estimates of chronically ill patients ’ WTP for medical treatment and identifies the key factors determining WTP through a meta-regression analysis. The main finding is that economic and political institutions, cultural traits, the types of disease, socio-economic characteristics, and valuation methods all influence WTP estimates. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 1, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association between solvent exposure and depression among industrial workers
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms based on the Beck depression inventory (BDI) in the workers of an industrial factory and find its association with solvent exposure.Subject and methodsIn this cross-sectional study, all workers at an industrial factory were enrolled. Demographic and clinical data of the participants were collected by a trained interviewer and entered in the study form. All the participants completed the Beck depression inventory questionnaire. Based on the score of the BDI, the study population was dichotomized around the score 11 and the study variables, particularly expo...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 31, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A three-year longitudinal study of healthy lifestyle behaviors and adherence to pharmacological treatments in newly diagnosed patients with acute coronary syndrome: hierarchical linear modeling analyses
ConclusionGiven the negative long-term trajectories in specific lifestyles and adherence to pharmacological treatments, cardiac rehabilitation programs are suggested to provide repeated psychological interventions aimed at fostering patients ’ capabilities to self-regulate their habitual behaviors. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 31, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Non-utilization of public healthcare facilities during sickness: a national study in India
Conclusionsimportantly, during the last 10 years, the utilization of public health care facilities has dropped significantly, which should be taken seriously as the Indian Parliament has been placing emphasis on equity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 31, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Does health securitization affect the role of global surgery?
ConclusionSurgery substantially lacks securitizing potential in comparison to communicable diseases and by that is structurally given an inferior position in a securitized health order. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 29, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The “battle of sexes” construct among ultra-Orthodox Jews: what is the optimal number of children for a minimal BMI?
ConclusionsResearch findings thus stress the importance of cultural differences among different religious groups and the need for cultural and gender-oriented health policies. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 24, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: The role of socioeconomic factors on discontinuation of insulin during pregnancy —methodological challenges from a Swedish register-based study
Due to production errors, the following were corrected: (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 23, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

How physicians can empower patients with digital tools
ConclusionsAccording to the respondents, clinical evidence, motivation, physician and patient ’s involvement in design, and reimbursement, as well as organizations’ appropriate business models and support, are the main determinants of the diffusion and effective adoption of digital tools for successful patient empowerment in internal medicine. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 22, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Educating primary students on infectious diseases and nurturing character and values using socioscientific instruction
ConclusionThe findings suggest that IDSSI is a practical approach that can be incorporated within the primary science curriculum to educate students on the diseases beginning at an early stage. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 19, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Medication satisfaction in diabetic patients: Kurdish version
ConclusionDeveloping patients ’ treatment satisfaction will improve treatment management. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 17, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research