The effects of a one year school-based comprehensive lifestyle intervention among Chinese kids against obesity (CLICK-obesity) in Nanjing, China
ConclusionThe school-based integrated intervention was successful to modify unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and had a potential effect on childhood obesity prevention in urban China. However, the long-term effects and cost-effectiveness need to be evaluated in through further study. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 3, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Rapid return to normal activities at a residential summer camp during the COVID-19 pandemic
ConclusionsThese findings indicate that serial PCR-based testing and strict adherence to IPC measures among cohorts can allow for successful assumption of near normal group activities in a residential setting during the COVID-19 pandemic. This result at an overnight summer camp has broad implications for similar residential communities such as boarding schools, other youth education and development programs, as well as nursing homes and military installations. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 2, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Antecedents of work –family conflict among Egyptian civil workers
ConclusionsWork and family situational factors were the most significant antecedents of the levels of W_F_C in Egyptian civil workers. The Egyptian authorities could reduce the civil workers ’ W_F_C by improving the work environment, finding ways to relieve the workload demands, and helping the civil workers to have more job control and social support. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 22, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Knowledge, attitudes, and preventive practices toward the COVID-19 pandemic: an online survey among Bangladeshi residents
ConclusionOnline health education programs focusing on young people, housewives, and people with less education may potentially improve the attitudes and practices to control the COVID-19 pandemic in the long term in such a low-resource setting. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 14, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Understanding the public health implications of self-reported condom use in HIV clinical trials: lessons learned in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa (2002 –2016)
ConclusionIn this population, self-reported condom users were identified as a proxy for a combination of high-risk sexual behaviours. They were associated with increased risks of HIV, STI and pregnancy incidence rates. These counterintuitive findings broadly indicate the women ’s correct perception about their risky sexual behaviours which may have led them to use condoms. Our findings can have significant implications in clinical research settings by assisting in recruitment and monitoring strategies. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 10, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Local and regional politicians ’ considerations of newly arrived migrants’ health in political decision-making: a public health study in northern Sweden
ConclusionPoliticians play important roles in health promotion, and most consider health-related effects in their decision-making. However, about a third do not consider such effects. General health-related knowledge and attitude are important factors that could be affected or changed during political assignments. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 9, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Perceptions and effects of COVID-19 related information in Denmark and Sweden – a web-based survey about COVID-19 and social media
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 7, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Assessment of client satisfaction with family planning services and influencing factor in Southern Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study
AbstractAimFamily planning (FP) is a major contributing factor to child survival and reducing maternal mortality. In developing countries, especially those in sub-Saharan Africa, the lowest contraception uptake is observed due to the existence of a variety of barriers. In Ethiopia, despite the presence of low level FP, there is limited information on the degree of client satisfaction with FP services provided. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the level of client satisfaction with FP services and its associated factors among FP users in Halaba Zone, Halaba Town.Subject and methodsA facility-based cross-sectional study ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 5, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health insurance literacy assessment tools: a systematic literature review
ConclusionMost measurement tools for HIL and related constructs have been developed and used in the context of the USA health insurance system, primarily in Medicare, while there is a paucity of measurement tools for private health insurances and from other countries. Furthermore, there is a lack of conceptual consistency in the way HIL is measured. Standardization of HIL measurement is crucial to further understand the role and interactions of HIL in other insurance contexts. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 3, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Exploring the attitudes and experiences of adolescents with type 1 diabetes towards transition of care
AbstractIntroductionTransition from adolescence to adult care is very challenging for most patients. Without appropriate appointments and education, adolescents can get lost to follow up within one-year of transitioning to adult care (Mistry et al. Diabet Med 32(7):881 –885,2015). Loss to follow-up can increase risks of adverse short and long term diabetes-related complications, with healthcare contacts mainly limited to crisis-based management (Iversen et al. Scand J Caring Sci 33(3):723 –730,2019).AimsThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the patient ’s perspective of the process of transition from ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 19, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Postpartum care indications and methodological quality:a systematic review of guidelines
ConclusionsGuidelines developed by NICE, RANO, and WHO indicated higher methodological quality. For postpartum care indications, most guidelines are incomplete. Variation in practice guidelines for postpartum care recommendations exists. In the future, implementation research into shared decision-making, as well as further high-quality research to broaden the evidence base for postpartum care indications is recommended. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 19, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Awareness, perceptions, and preventive practices of COVID-19 among health workers in Tigray, North Ethiopia
ConclusionMost health workers scored good knowledge and attitude; nevertheless, a significant proportion of health workers had poor practice toward the prevention of COVID-19, including the use of PPE. Additionally, some groups of health professional had poor practices of implementing the public health measures, thus necessitating a call targeted at them to improve the prevention and control of COVID-19. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 17, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Do Iranian households benefit from food according to their health characteristics? A case study from Alborz Province, Iran
ConclusionDue to the low benefit of the households of Nazarabad, Karaj, and Taleghan, it is suggested that the government should solve the problem of physical access to food supplies for these households by creating different markets in the low-income areas of these cities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 14, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

How old are young people when they start having sex? Unravelling the applicability of Cox proportional hazards regression
ConclusionIf the assumptions are met, we recommend using the Cox regression modeling approach to estimate how old young people are when they start having sex, since this method yields precise and current debut ages by pooling information across birth-year cohorts without arbitrarily combining them in multiple-year groups. The age of first intercourse is increasing, so continuous sexuality education throughout high school is advisable, in addition to early sexuality education. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 13, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

How healthcare structures and communication delivery influence trust: a parallel-group randomized controlled trial
ConclusionsThe findings in this study offer insight into the patterns with which trust decisions are made in healthcare contexts. More importantly, this research offers a novel perspective of how different factors interact to affect the various facets of trust. These results provide a foundation for future study in this evolving area, and offer insights into designing effective communication strategies that cultivate greater levels of individual trust in the healthcare sector. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 12, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The relationship between self-eff ıcacy and life satisfaction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
AbstractBackgroundThis is a descriptive research investigating the relationship between self-efficacy and life satisfaction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).MethodsThe population of this research consists of COPD patients in pulmonology clinics of Mardin State Hospital and K ızıltepe State Hospital between March 2018 and August 2018 sampling 127 patients meeting admittance criteria. The required data is collected from patient introduction forms, Satisfaction with Life Scales (SWL), General Self-Efficacy Scales (GSE), and researcher’s face-to-face interviews.ResultsOf the interviewers, 62.2% were male...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 10, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The current social environment and its association with serious psychological distress among adults who identify as lesbian, gay, and bisexual: findings from the National Health Interview Survey (2013 –2018)
ConclusionSexual minorities have increased mental health risks compared to heterosexual adults.Word Count: 248. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 10, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Impact of COVID-19 on the exercise habits of Pennsylvania residents and their families
ConclusionsThe results of this study underscore the profound impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our health as a nation. Exercise, in all forms, plays a key role in overall health, weight, and disease resistance. It remains unclear how declines in physical activity might persist over time, and among whom. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 9, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The relationship between life satisfaction, personal health, quality of life, and medication adherence among adolescents living with HIV in southwestern Uganda
ConclusionOur study findings indicated that quality of life and life satisfaction are significantly associated with antiretroviral (ART) medication among ALHIV. Hence, strengthening existing support systems and creating additional support for optimal ART adherence and treatment outcomes for ALHIV in low-resource communities might be beneficial. Moreover, with the increasing HIV prevalence rates among adolescents, effective and comprehensive efforts that are responsive to the special needs of ALHIV must be developed to ensure optimal adherence to ART medication as it leads to low vertical infection and superinfection rates....
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 9, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Body weight trends in adolescents of Central Italy across 13  years: social, behavioural, and psychological correlates
ConclusionAn increased prevalence of both overweight and underweight was observed across time. Economic factors associated with unemployment and changes in behavioural patterns may have contributed to this trend. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 9, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health literacy measures are not worse in an urban district high in migration and unemployment compared to a citywide and a national sample
This study aimed at comparing health literacy measures, and their correlates, for the district of Favoriten to those of Vienna and Austria. The Viennese district of Favoriten was of particular interest, due to present characteristics, such as its high cultural and ethnic diversity as well as a relatively high unemployment rate.Subject and methodsThis study was set up as a cross-sectional, paper-based self-completion random sample survey. For each sample representing Favoriten, Vienna, and Austria, 500 adults were randomly drawn from the population register.ResultsOut of 1500 surveys sent out, 160 (10.7%) were included in t...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 9, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Healthcare professionals and medical cannabis: a scoping review informed by the theoretical domains framework
ConclusionExamining broader determinants of behaviour, beyond knowledge is required, such as environmental influences and the norms of healthcare professionals for consistent MC implementation. Use of the TDF to ensure multiple domains are included in future research and educative programs would support this aim. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 6, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Rural healthcare and gender-related differences
AbstractAimGender-related healthcare disparities persist. We sought to determine gender-related differences in rural healthcare.Subject and methodsQuality control assurance analysis utilizing an electronic medical record was used to determine gender-related differences in rural healthcare over a 3-year period (n = 78,814).ResultsCompared to men, women tended to be older (69.4  ± 13.6 years vs 67.9 ± 12.5 years,p 
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 5, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Considering sex/gender in interventions to promote children ’s and adolescents’ leisure-time physical activity: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionHigher reporting of sex/gender aspects may improve leisure-time PA of boys and girls. Nevertheless, there remains a need to address sufficient consideration of sex/gender aspects in interventions in the context of PA. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 3, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

National Action Plan Health Literacy in Germany origin, development and structure
AbstractAimHealth literacy has gained increasing importance worldwide. As a result of several studies indicating low health literacy levels in large parts of the population, strategies and action plans promoting health literacy were developed in many countries. The article analyses the origin, development and structure of the German Health Literacy Action Plan.Subject and methodsIn 2016, a civil society initiative was formed, aiming at developing a national action plan in an expert-based and collaborative manner. A group of 15 experts elaborated the core elements of the action plan, based on a literature review on existing...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 2, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Emotions in Covid-19 Twitter discourse following the introduction of social contact restrictions in Central Europe
ConclusionResults suggest decreasing polarity of emotions among the public following the introduction of social contact restrictions. Monitoring of social media activity may prove beneficial for an adaptive understanding of changing public concerns during the Covid-19 pandemic. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 2, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sociodemographic and health characteristics of cancer survivors in Canada between 2015 and 2018
ConclusionsCancer survivors experience adverse economic and health outcomes across the life course, particularly earlier in their cancer journey. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Youth health risk behavior: effects of early sexual debut on HIV incidence among Rwandan youth
In this study, we investigated youth health risk behavior and their likely influence on HIV incidence. We also explored the hypothesis that limiting early sexual debut contributes to minimizing HIV incidence among Rwandan youth, consequently facilitating achievement of the global agenda for health and sustainable development to end HIV/AIDS ambition by the year 2030.MethodsThe Rwanda Demographic Health Survey 2014 –15 was used for this study. Youth who met the eligibility criteria were 1528. Descriptive statistic was performed in percentages and proportion. Bi-variate and multivariate logistic regressions were used w...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 29, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Epidemiological modelling of the health and economic effects of COVID-19 control in Australia ’s second wave
ConclusionsBetter public health outcomes (reduced COVID-19 fatalities) arepositively associated with lower economy costs and higher levels of social distancing; achieving zero community transmissionlowers both public health and economy costs compared to allowing community transmission to continue; and early relaxation of social distancingincreases both public health and economy costs. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Perception and experiences regarding COVID-19 pandemic among urban  young adults in Bangladesh: a mixed-method study
This study aimed at exploring the perception and experiences with regard to the COVID-19 pandemic among Bangladeshi urban young adults.Subject and methodsUsing a mixed-method approach, an online cross-sectional survey among 315 participants and in-depth interviews (IDI) among 20 young adults were conducted from May 1 to May 25, 2020. Descriptive statistics and chi-square tests were performed for quantitative data, along with the thematic analysis for qualitative data.ResultsThe mean ( ± SD) age of the participants was 26.54 (± 3.05), and the majority were male (54.9%). About 81.6% of the participant...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Development and implementation of a process evaluation for intervention quality improvement of a community-based behavioral HIV intervention trial in Tanzania
ConclusionsThe process evaluation helped inform ongoing intervention implementation, including approaches to improve reach and uptake of interventions. Field staff time was protected by systemizing the sharing of data processing and analyses across the global team. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 26, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

E-cigarettes and smoking in Irish teens: a logistic regression analysis of current (past 30-day) use of e-cigarettes
AbstractAimElectronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use among Irish teenagers has risen significantly. In 2019, prevalence of current use (last 30  days) among 15–17-year-olds was 17.3%. We examine social determinants of adolescent e-cigarette current use.Subject and methodsA stratified random sample of 50 schools in Ireland was surveyed in 2019, part of the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD), with 3495 students aged 15, 16, and 17. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression [providing adjusted odds ratios (AORs)] analyses were performed using Stata version 16.ResultsCurrent e-cigar...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 25, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Spatial clustering and meso-scale correlates of thyroid disorder among women in India: evidence from the National Family Health Survey (2015 –16)
ConclusionsThe prevalence of thyroid disorder in India depends appreciably on spatial and various ecological factors. Sedentary lifestyles among women may be aggravating diseases, which has strong linkage with thyroid disorders. It is strongly recommended to effectively integrate universal salt iodization with activities geared towards the elimination of iodine deficiency disorders. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 24, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sanitation access, behavior, and practices and their health and social implications for on-duty female police officials — a perceptional study in South India
ConclusionReduced access to clean sanitation facilities for on-duty female police officials has adverse implications on their toileting and hydration behavior, health, and social lives. Gender-sensitive policies and enhanced welfare facilities are needed to motivate and to obviate health and social risks for the female police force engaged in protecting the country ’s citizens. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 22, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association of the working environment noise with occupational stress in industrial workers
AbstractAimWe aimed to investigate the association of the working environment noise with the psychosocial status and occupational stress level of the workers of an industrial company.Subject and methodsIn this cross-sectional study, we enrolled all the employees at an industrial company. The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire was used to measure the workplace psychosocial factors and stress levels of the participants. Based on the sound level measurements, the company sections were divided into two areas: the areas with noise ≥85 dB (dB) A and the areas with noise
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 22, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Evaluation of immigrant health services in Turkey: a single-center study
ConclusionIt was observed that immigrants most frequently applied to the emergency services of this center and were mostly admitted to the general surgery clinic. When the most frequent diagnoses in this study were evaluated, it was seen that the health problems of these immigrants can usually be solved with primary health services. Increasing the utilization of primary health services for immigrants will prevent the unnecessary usage of emergency services as well as being more cost-efficient. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 19, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A new privacy framework for the management of chronic diseases via mHealth in a post-Covid-19 world
ConclusionThis research makes a valuable contribution to protecting privacy in mHealth. The novel framework developed is an improvement on existing frameworks. It is also future-proof since its foundations are built on regulatory frameworks and privacy threats/concerns existing at the time of its deployment/revision. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Knowledge of cervical cancer and barriers to screening among women in a city in Northern Nigeria
This study assessed the knowledge of cervical cancer and barriers to cervical screening uptake among women of reproductive age in a city in Northern Nigeria to guide the development of interventions.Subject and MethodsThis was a cross-sectional study with women aged 15 to 49  years. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 230 women in Gombe state, Nigeria. A semi-structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire was used for data collection and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics at 0.05 level of significance.ResultsThe respondents ’ age was 29.6 ± 8.06 ye...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Body perceptions and weight control behaviors among Palestinian University female students: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionThe results showed a high level of concern about food and weight by the female students. Additionally, it showed that they are prone to risky eating behaviors. Therefore, interventions are needed to promote healthy eating behaviors and body image among university students. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Screening for identifying individuals at risk of developing type 2 diabetes using the Canadian diabetes risk (CANRISK) questionnaire
ConclusionThe higher the total score obtained based on the CANRISK questionnaire, the higher the risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus in the next ten years. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 15, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence and associated factors of hypertension among South African adults: findings from the Demographic and Health Survey 2016
ConclusionThe health promotion programs of South Africa should focus on the abovementioned factors in order to prevent and control hypertension irrespective of sex and wealth index. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 15, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Implementation of tele visit healthcare services triggered by the COVID-19 emergency: the Trentino Province experience
ConclusionBeing a positive experience in the first months of its implementation, the long-term goal is to transform TreC_Televisita into a structural pillar of the Trentino healthcare system, setting the bases for a sustainable, win –win situation for all the stakeholders involved in healthcare service provisioning. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 15, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Community integration among individuals with stroke: a scoping review protocol
ConclusionThis scoping review will help to explore studies focusing on community integration among individuals with stroke aged 18 and older living in the community. It can further assist professionals who are addressing the concerns of individuals with stroke in the community. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 12, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Doctors as disseminators? Practicing physicians as multipliers for community-based prevention networks in a large city in western Germany
ConclusionThe role of physicians as disseminators for community-based prevention is expandable. They should promote parenting skills courses in a socially sensitive way. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 11, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Development and validation of the Domestic Violence during Quarantine Scale (DVQS)
ConclusionThe DVQS has good validity and reliability; therefore, it can be used in future studies. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 8, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The emotional heart: prospective associations of anger, depression, and anxiety as risk factors for myocardial infarction in a 22-year follow-up of a working cohort of middle-aged men
ConclusionA cohort restricted to middle-age healthy men limits applicability. However, our failure to replicate earlier results of population samples suggests a need for further research on associations between psychological factors and MI in healthy samples. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 7, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Tackling the scaling-up problem of digital health applications
ConclusionConsidering the wide array of research fields represented in this special issue, an emphasis is put on the importance of interdisciplinary work required for tackling the scale-up problem of digital health. As such, the special issue can assist in leveraging the full potential of digital health, not only when dealing with situations as out-of-the-ordinary as the current pandemic but also well beyond that, for example when dealing with the upcoming challenges of demographic change. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 5, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

In the digital age: a systematic literature review of the e-health literacy and influencing factors among Chinese older adults
ConclusionCurrent e-health literacy among Chinese older adults is low, which is affected by a number of factors. Medical staff should provide detailed health information with guaranteed accuracy and reliability for elderly people. It is necessary to develop intervention programs tailored to varied educational needs of the elderly with different backgrounds (i.e., age, gender, educational attainment, and socioeconomic status) need to be developed in the near future. Family members are encouraged to teach older adults how to use e-health resource in appropriate ways. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 4, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Knowledge, attitude and practices towards COVID-19 among higher education students in India: a cross sectional study
ConclusionOne-fourth of the students demonstrated only low and moderate levels of knowledge, negative attitude and undesirable practices in preventing COVID-19. The implications suggesting various approaches to enhance KAP to moderate the spread of COVID-19 among the students were recommended to aid the higher educational institutions. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 13, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

COVID-19: the relationship between perceptions of risk and behaviours during lockdown
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that health messages that highlight threat to life may be effective in increasing adherence to infection control, but may also lead to a reduction in health-promoting behaviours. We suggest that messages that highlight threat to life should be accompanied by statements of efficacy. Further, messages evoking feelings of concern for others may be effective in promoting compliance with anti-infection measures, without the potential for the unwelcome side-effect of discouraging healthy behaviour. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 13, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research