Is hunger associated with truancy among in-school adolescents in Tanzania? Evidence from the 2015 Global School-based Health Survey
AbstractAimIn  this study, we examined the prevalence and determinants of truancy among adolescents in Tanzania, using data from the Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS).Subject and methodsIn a cross-sectional study, 3,048 adolescents were  surveyed with a self-administered questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using STATA version 14.2 for MAC OS. The association between the independent variables and truancy was assessed using binary logistic regression modelling. The results from the logistic regression analysis were presente d as odds ratios (ORs) and adjusted odds ratios (AORs) wit...
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 7, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Media representation of telemedicine in the German medical journal “Deutsches Ärzteblatt”: an acceptance-theoretical analysis
ConclusionsFurther research is needed, focusing on the relevance of media representation of new forms of care such as telemedicine in order to increase acceptance and to develop attitudes on an individual, organizational, and systemic level. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 7, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Ranking of the most relevant hospital inpatient diagnoses by age and diagnostic group based on DRG statistics in Germany
ConclusionWe empirically identified 13 diagnosis groups, which best describe the inpatient services utilised among various age groups in a ranked order. Findings from this study can provide a platform for determining future demand of inpatient services as well as the demographic-specific diagnoses that need attention. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 7, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Trends of non-communicable diseases and public health concerns of the people of northeastern Nigeria amidst the Boko Haram insurgency
ConclusionThese increasing trends are evidences of the effect of Boko Haram on the public health of the people of northeastern Nigeria and will continue to be a public health concern for the region and the country as a whole. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 7, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Does bruxism impact the quality of life of children and adolescents? A systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionBruxism does not impact quality of life in children and adolescents. Further studies should consider other quality of life questionnaires to confirm the absence of association. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 7, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Risk factors associated with wasting among under-5 children residing in urban areas of Bangladesh: a multilevel modelling approach
AbstractAimThe main aim of this study was to uncover the risk factors associated with wasting status of under-5 children residing in urban areas of Bangladesh.Subjects and methodsFor analysis purposes, the necessary information was extracted from the Bangladesh Urban Health Survey (BUHS) 2013. The outcome measure was wasting. Chi-square analysis was performed to assess the association between outcome variables and selected factors. Multilevel logistic regression models with a random intercept at each of the individual and regional levels were considered to identify the risk factors of wasting.ResultsA total of 10,511 urban...
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 4, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A breast lump that scares a doctor and the patient equally: unexpected and complicated surgical consequences of long-standing diabetes
ConclusionThe recognition of this rare but benign disease is crucial to avoid surgical biopsies, which are performed more often than necessary. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 3, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Radiological trends in trampoline-related paediatric injuries in a major paediatric trauma centre: a 6-year experience
AbstractAimReview of visits to the radiology department related to trampoline injuries in a major trauma centre in the UK over a 6-year period, and analysis of imaging performed, injury type, and seasonal trends in children under 18  years of age.Subject and methodsRetrospective review of the Radiology Information System (RIS) for requests and reports between January 2012 and December 2017 containing the search term “tramp*” with an age of
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 3, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Predictors of physical activity among employees in Tehran: a cross-sectional study based on the trans-theoretical model
AbstractAimThe present research aimed to explore the level of physical activity among the employees of Melli Bank in Tehran in the light of the trans-theoretical model in 2018.Subjects and methodsThis cross-sectional study followed a multi-stratified sampling method and selected 612 employees from Melli Bank in Tehran. The data collection instrument was a tripartite questionnaire, the reliability and validity of which was statistically tested and confirmed within this research. SPSS16 was used to statistically analyze the data through independent-samplest-test, one-way ANOVA, correlation coefficient and multiple regression...
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 1, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Exposure to parental smoking and children being overweight: residence as an effect modifier
ConclusionResidence was found to be an effect modifier of the relationship between parental smoking and child being overweight. Smoking cessation/intervention program ought to be put in place for adults and prioritized to areas with increased likelihood of children being overweight. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence and behavioural risk factors for hepatitis B in Upper Dolpo, Nepal
ConclusionsHBV prevalence in Dolpo is significantly higher than in the rest of Nepal. Targeted interventions are recommended to address liver and sexual health education, including the introduction of birth dose HBV vaccinations, HBV screening and HBV vaccinations for pregnant women in Dolpo. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Budget impact of botulinum toxin treatment for spasticity after stroke — a German perspective
ConclusionThe botulinum toxin therapy is associated with additional costs, but an increased use of botulinum toxin would be consistent with guideline-based therapy. In particular, it has to be considered that spasticity as a chronic condition is accompanied by a relevant loss of quality of life. Thus, considering only the therapy costs may not be sufficient for making final therapeutic decisions. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Topic: prevalence and determinants of adolescent pregnancy among sexually active adolescent girls in Niger
ConclusionThe socio-demographic factors that influence adolescent pregnancy in Niger are interesting and important for health, economic and social concerns. Understanding the factors associated with adolescent pregnancy will lead to improved social policies, ultimately reducing adolescent pregnancy in Niger and other parts of sub-Saharan Africa. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

One year reliability of the Dutch eating behavior questionnaire: an extension into clinical population
ConclusionIt is concluded that the internal consistency of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire is excellent, and that the test –retest reliability results suggest that items intended to measure three types of eating styles were likely testing trait, rather than state, factors, regardless of whether normal-weight controls were included in, or excluded from, the analyses. Finally, the measurement invariance of the Dutch Eat ing Behavior Questionnaire across body mass index status was assessed. It indicated that the three-factor structure had the best fit to the data, and this dimensional structure proved to be inva...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 27, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Risky sexual behaviours among school-aged adolescents in Namibia: secondary data analyses of the 2013 Global school-based health survey
AbstractAimRisky sexual behaviours (RSB) among adolescents is one of the major public health concerns globally. These behaviours –RSB have adverse effects on their future health and well-being. Therefore, in this paper, our aim was to assess the determinants of RSB among in-school Namibian adolescents using the 2013 Global School-based Health Survey.MethodsThe data was extracted and analysed with STATA version 14.2. Both bivariate and multivariable analyses were done to generate results that infomed the discussion. The results were presented as odds ratios and adjusted odds ratios (AOR) with their respective 95% conf...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 21, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Hypertension knowledge, awareness, and attitude among the hypertensive population in Kuala Lumpur and rural areas in Selangor, Malaysia
AbstractAimsPeople ’s knowledge, awareness, and attitude (KAA) about hypertension are the cornerstone of hypertension control and/or prevention. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the level of KAA of hypertensive populations about their disease and compare the level of KAA between rural and urban areas in Sel angor, Malaysia.Subjects and methodsA cross-sectional study was conducted at Hospital Kuala Lumpur and six rural areas in Selangor, Malaysia. A valid questionnaire was used to evaluate the level of KAA of the Malaysian hypertensive population. One thousand subjects were recruited by the non-probability co...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 16, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Application of time series methods for dengue cases in North India (Chandigarh)
ConclusionsBased on model indices such as the Akaike information criterion (AIC), Bayesian information criterion (BIC), mean absolute error and mean absolute scaled error, the ARIMA performed better than the ES model. Rainfall at the 2-month lag was correlated with the number of cases. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 15, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effect of walking behavior on perceived stress based on binary multi-level modeling
ConclusionWalking behavior has the potential to reduce perceived stress in daily life. Also, there are strong associations between smoking, sleep duration, and perceived stress. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 8, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Muscle loss in elderly patients - prevention effects of a multimodal therapy program for low back pain
In this study we demonstrated that multimodal therapy is an efficient alternative intervention to strengthen the back muscles and by this to increase muscle growth in the areas of extension and flexion as well as lateralization and rotation on both sides.Material and methods52 patients aged between 50 and 65 with a main diagnosis of back disease were examined prospective. They completed a 3-week inpatient multimodal therapy program. Effects of the program were assessed by applying two isometric strength measurements of the back muscles. Baseline measurement (T0) was done on the first day of the program and post measurement...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 5, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence of text neck syndrome and SMS thumb among smartphone users in college-going students: a cross-sectional survey study
AbstractAimPhysical exposure during mobile phone use results in poor posture and repetitive movements of the hand and thumb cause groups of symptoms. The terms ‘text neck syndrome’ and ‘SMS thumb’ are the most common among them. Our aim was to find out the prevalence rate of text neck syndrome and SMS thumb among smartphone users in college-going students.Subjects and methodsA cross-sectional study was conducted by a random sampling method from a recognized institution. A total of 113 participants, both male and female, in the age group 17 –25 years participated in this study. Participants wer...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A community based prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Ho  municipality of Ghana
ConclusionDiabetes prevalence was 6.9% and was higher in older people, people with hypertension, alcohol consumers and abdominally obese men. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 25, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Factors affecting pre-pregnancy care among women based on the theory of planned behavior in Larestan, Iran, in 2016
AbstractAimPre-pregnancy care is a series of interventions aimed to identify and modify behavioral and social risk factors and improve women ’s health before pregnancy. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors affecting pre-pregnancy care based on the theory of planned behavior in women aged 15–49 years in Larestan city, Shiraz, in 2016.Subjects and methodsIn this descriptive-analytical, cross-sectional study, all women aged 15 to 49  years, who agreed to complete a self-administered questionnaire based on the theory of planned behavior, were included. Predictors of pre-pregnancy care inte...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 25, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sunburn paradoxes and the New Zealand population
ConclusionThis research indicates that in a well-designed study of a sample representative of the New Zealand population, the sun protection knowledge sunburn paradox still exists. Despite a high level of sun protection knowledge, many people still become sunburned. Therefore, it is important to examine this paradox further in order to find ways to reduce sunburn frequency among New Zealanders. Potential ways to reduce sunburn are discussed. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 23, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A generalized ordered logit analysis of risk factors associated with driver injury severity
ConclusionThe findings of this study highlight the need to further study risk factors significantly influencing driver injury severity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sun exposure and sun protective behaviours in Portugal: results from the first National Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)
ConclusionsThe prevalence of hazardous sun exposure and nonadherence to sun protective behaviours is considerable in the Portuguese population. The association between these indicators and sociodemographic factors in the population, reinforces the importance of developing sun protection messages directed at specific target audiences. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

What are the drivers of cross-generational physical activity? Exploring the experiences of children and parents
ConclusionCross-generational physical activity is a complex, bi-directional physical activity partnership that takes place within a child –parent relationship, within a family. Its drivers are manifold, extending well beyond the dose of physical activity it provides, to strengthening relationships and skill development. Future research should include the child’s voice to provide a more holistic view of this phenomenon. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 10, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Feasibility and organization of a population-based screening for pre-symptomatic type 1 diabetes in children — evaluation of the Fr1da study
ConclusionThe Fr1da study received high acceptance and recognition by both, health care providers and participating families, and demonstrated sustainable success with the developed educational program. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 10, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Inequity in utilization of health care facilities during childbirth: a community-based survey in post-conflict Northern Uganda
The article Inequity in utilization of health care facilities during childbirth: a community-based survey in post-conflict Northern Uganda. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 4, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Musculoskeletal pain and its correlates among secondary school female teachers in Aljouf region, Saudi Arabia
The article Musculoskeletal pain and its correlates among secondary school female teachers in Aljouf region, Saudi Arabia (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 24, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Healthcare services utilisation, subjective perception of health and satisfaction with services in Patras, Greece
ConclusionsRecognition of people ’s needs and satisfaction with services will lead to more rational implementations of health-directed policies. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 17, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A study of the communication skills in health care and the role of demographic variables (a case study of the nurses at the Educational, Therapeutic and Research Center of Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah, Iran in 2018)
AbstractPurposeNurses, as facilitators in hospitals, should be equipped with communication skills towards the realization of this goal. The present study aimed to investigate the status of communication skills in health care and the role of nurses ’ demographic variables at the Educational, Therapeutic, and Research Center of Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah, Iran in 2018.MethodsIn this descriptive –analytic study, the statistical population was 926 nurses working at the Educational, Therapeutic, and Research Center of Imam Reza Hospital affiliated to Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran in...
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 11, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Trends in the implementation of health impact assessments in the United States: exploring the role of educational attainment, poverty, and government ideology
ConclusionsHIA-supportive legal provisions could potentially provide unprecedented opportunities for the promotion of public health and health equity and, although HIA implementation has been increasing, such mechanisms are possibly highly underutilized. Educational institutions are in a unique position to bridge the gap between knowledge and practice of HIAs by facilitating HIA awareness among policy-makers in health and non-health sectors. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 3, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Factors associated with body mass index among university students in Bangladesh
ConclusionThe majority of the students belonged to the normal BMI group and were in the habit of regular meals. Slightly more than 50% of the students skipped their breakfast and about half of the students reported that class pressure caused them to skip meals. To promote healthy eating habits among university students, effective programs should be initiated which could include introducing dietary guidelines and enhancing self-discipline. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 3, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Determining the level of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) awareness in Ota, Nigeria
ConclusionThere is low awareness of the non-risk factors, and moderate awareness concerning general knowledge, mode of transmission, and preventive measures against STDs. A high level of awareness is recommended if reduction of the prevalence of STDs is to be achieved. Parental, religious, and NGO counselling is strongly recommended. Religious organisations have to be fully engaged in order to reduce the spread of STDs. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 2, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Assessing the knowledge, attitude, and practice on antibiotic use in under-5 children with respiratory tract infection among mothers attending a pediatric outpatient department
This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice among mothers on antibiotic use in under-5 children with respiratory tract infection attending the pediatric outpatient department at Sri Ramachandra Hospital in Chennai city, South India.Research designA cross-sectional descriptive design was adopted in this study.MethodsThe target population was mothers of under-5 children attending the pediatric outpatient department in the G block of Sri Ramachandra Hospital, Chennai city, South India. The sample size of 240 was estimated by a single proportion. The non-probability convenience sampling technique was used ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 31, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Pregnancy experiences and maternal health service utilisation among female traders in Ibadan, Nigeria
ConclusionThe utilisation of maternal health services was high among the participants in this study and increased the probability of SBA utilisation, which was also higher with utilisation of ANC services, high educational and high socioeconomic status, being above 30  years of age and being married. Interventions to improve maternal health service utilisation need to be targeted at women who are single, women with low educational achievements and those of low socioeconomic status. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The work –family conflict and quality of care given by nurses: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey
ConclusionTo reduce the work –family conflict, educational courses must be provided for correct planning in both the family and the working lives of nurses. Managers can also contribute to increasing nurses’ job satisfaction and ameliorating work–family conflict by reducing workloads, in turn improving the quality of nurs ing care. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Physical activities among medical –surgical nurses: a descriptive cross-sectional study
ConclusionsPrevalence of physical activity among nurses in Brunei was higher than in previous studies. However, there was a stark difference between physical activities at work and outside work. Sport and exercise are needed to provide sufficient muscle strength and physical fitness to effectively carry out the role of health educator and provide the highest possible quality patient care. Relevant authorities should take necessary interventions to help nurses practice a better culture of physical activity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal pain and its correlates among secondary school female teachers in Aljouf region, Saudi Arabia
ConclusionSecondary school female teachers showed a high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in most anatomic sites, such as low back, knee, shoulder, neck, elbow, and wrist. Significant predictors of disabling musculoskeletal pain were age more than 40 years, not practicing exercise, more than ten years of teaching, and non-comfortableness of school furniture. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Evaluating Centering group prenatal care in rural women with low socioeconomic status to promote access to care and improve pregnancy outcomes
ConclusionDespite relative progress in promoting evidence-based PNC, maternal and neonatal disparities persist in rural communities. These findings indicate further need to explore social determinants of PNC use and outcomes. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Dark side of health-predicting health behaviors and diseases with the Dark Triad traits
ConclusionDespite conceptual similarities among psychopathy, narcissism and Machiavellianism, the three measures examined in this study are non-redundant and demonstrate significant incremental prediction of health indicators beyond gender, age and impulsivity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 27, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Influence of oral health in the quality of life of preschoolers in a faculty-based practice in Rio de Janeiro
AbstractAimTo evaluate the influence of oral health status on the quality of life of preschool children using the dmft and pufa indexes, crossing information with the B-ECOHIS questionnaire to achieve quality of life related to oral health (OHRQoL).Subjects and methodsAll children, healthy, between 3 and 5  years old, with a primary dentition who sought dental care at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, during a period of 2 months, were selected and divided into two groups: advanced caries: dmft score ≥ 1 and pufa score ≥&thi...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 23, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: National prevalence rate of hepatitis B and C in Pakistan and its risk factors
During typesetting of the article, one of alphabet was missed in author name Hafiz Muzzammel Rehman and it became “Rehan”. The original article has been corrected. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 23, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Do interventions promoting medical homes in FQHCs improve continuity of care for Medicare beneficiaries?
ConclusionsFQHCs already have high levels of PCCOC. These levels did not increase in association with the 3-year PCMH demonstration. Continuity for practices is higher than for providers, suggesting that Medicare beneficiaries may see multiple providers within one FQHC. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 21, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the IQM peer review procedure to improve in-patient care —a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial (IMPRESS): study design and baseline results
ConclusionThe IMPRESS study provides a unique opportunity to assess the impact of the IQM peer review on the mortality in patients ventilated> 24  h. The secondary, exploratory, and qualitative analyses are expected to provide insights on determinants of in-hospital mortality, structure and process quality, and the robustness of different approaches to risk adjustment of quality indicators. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 13, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Exploring knowledge translation practices in a global health program: case study on the establishment of the Pakistan National Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health Program
ConclusionWhile effective program planning in low middle-income countries can greatly benefit from knowledge translation practices, explaining processes from evidence generation to the final step of key decisions is valuable in understanding the complexities involved in such settings. The study begins to fill a critical gap in literature in illustrating real-world program planning in resource-constrained countries, lagging in maternal and child health indicators. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 11, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Does health and medical research consider geographic factors affecting study participants: a retrospective snapshot analysis of 11 leading journals
ConclusionsThese findings indicate that insufficient attention is given to the geographic location of participants. This failure means that the outcomes and recommendations of the research base may be invalid for a large section of the world ’s population and result in inequities in healthcare services. There is an emerging concern about using this evidence base for developing health guidelines and policy frameworks, as the needs of a substantial proportion of the population may not have been appropriately captured. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 11, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Inequity in utilization of health care facilities during childbirth: a community-based survey in post-conflict Northern Uganda
ConclusionThere was inequity in the utilization of health facilities for childbirth. Programs that promote health facility births should prioritize poorer mothers and those in rural areas. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 10, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Associations between socioeconomic development and mortality —a small area panel data analysis in Taiwan, 2000–2015
ConclusionWe can say that there is still health inequality in central Taiwan and we advocate the importance of universal education, especially for the disadvantaged, to achieve the goal of health for all. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 9, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Diseases associated with age-related cataract: a health-board-based retrospective study focusing on common physiopathological mechanisms
ConclusionsPatients with age-related cataract have various comorbidities. This may be caused by the aging process but may not always be a normal part of aging. Thus, diseases among elderly individuals should not be considered in isolation. Studies focusing on common physiopathological mechanisms may be helpful to understand the development of comorbidities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research