Age and socioeconomic gradients in frailty among older adults in India
ConclusionOverall, the results in this article indicated a negative low SES and frailty association as found in previous studies worldwide. This highlights the need for comprehensive and centered public health interventions for older adults with low SES. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 28, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sociodemographic disparities in the consumption of ultra-processed food and drink products in Southern Brazil: a population-based study
This study aims to describe the distribution of ultra-processed food and drink products (UPP) consumption according to sociodemographic characteristics in adults from southern Brazil, and to investigate which are the most-consumed UPP subtypes in the different social strata.MethodsCross-sectional analysis of the second wave of a population-based cohort of 1720 adults. The usual caloric intake and the caloric contribution of UPP to total energy intake (%CTEI) were estimated by the application of two 24-h dietary recalls (adjusted by intra- and inter-individual variability). Data were analyzed according to gender, age, marit...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 16, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Shade in playgrounds: findings from a nationwide survey and implications for urban health policy
ConclusionsThe findings support policy efforts to increase shade nationwide. Establishing minimum standards for playground shade and showcasing successful efforts to date may help encourage TLAs with less shade to improve. Moreover, the display of sun safety signage may help promote sun protection behaviour among playground visitors. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 15, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Thai diabetes prevention education program: development and validation of the Thai physical activity questionnaire for at-risk people
This study aimed to develop and validate the Thai physical activity questionnaire (Thai-PAQ) for Thai people at risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D).Subjects and methodsAfter development and validation of the questionnaire, 95 people at risk for T2D were recruited. The Thai-PAQ was developed based on the International-PAQ. The Thai-PAQ was evaluated by three experts to ensure content validity. The at-risk people were interviewed using the Thai-PAQ for the previous 7 days ’ activities. Spearman’s correlation was used to compare the accelerometer and Thai-PAQ for concurrent validity. Interclass correlation was used to ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 15, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Contraceptive use and unmet need for family planning among women with at least one child in rural Uttar Pradesh: the role of wealth and gender composition of children
ConclusionThere are substantial differentials in contraceptive use and unmet need for family planning in rural Uttar Pradesh. In addition to promoting family planning, there is a need to create an atmosphere to reduce son preference, increase the acceptance of girl babies and remove economic inequalities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 10, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The German recommendations for physical activity promotion
ConclusionFrom a political perspective, the development of recommendations for physical activity promotion highlights an important milestone for Germany. Not only do the national recommendations describe the amount of physical activity people should engage in, but they also provide organisations with information on how to support people in becoming more active. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Hepatitis B virus infection in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a systematic review of prevalence studies (2000 –2016)
ConclusionThis review suggests that DRC is a country characterized by an intermediate level of HBV infection endemicity rate. It remains however an important public health problem and efforts should continue in prevention and in policy to control this viral disease. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The association between sex, age and health literacy and the uptake of cardiovascular prevention: a cross-sectional analysis in a primary care setting
ConclusionSex, age and health literacy affect engagement in healthy lifestyle choices and expectations towards preventative measure design. Consideration of these differences will allow better tailoring of preventative offers to the users ’ needs to increase their uptake. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Risk modeling of non-communicable diseases using socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle and family disease history among university students in Bangladesh
ConclusionThis study shows that the number of students suffering from different types of NCDs is not negligible. Their lifestyle and family history of NCDs are responsible for this to a significant extent. Urgent initiatives should be taken to rein in the spread of NCDs among the youth of Bangladesh. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Geographical variation in prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and its correlates in India: evidence from recent NSSO survey
ConclusionThe study highlights the need to develop proper surveillance and monitoring programmes to focus on highly affected geographical regions to arrest the growing burden of NCDs. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Economic burden, impoverishment and coping mechanisms associated with out-of-pocket health expenditure: analysis of rural-urban differentials in India
ConclusionSubstantial investment in public health is needed, especially in rural areas as it is here that people are facing the real brunt of catastrophic OOP health expenditures in the form of impoverishment with more dependence on distress sources including borrowing and sale of assets as coping mechanisms. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effect of training program regarding smoking cessation counseling for primary health care physicians in Port Said City, Egypt
AbstractBackgroundSmoking is a major risk factor for death-related diseases. Not all healthcare professionals are following evidence-based guidelines for smoking cessation counseling in primary care settings. The WHO, Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), and United States Public Health Service (USPHS) guidelines recommend that all healthcare professionals, including students in healthcare training programs, receive education in the management of tobacco use and dependence.ObjectiveTo evaluate the effect of training programs for primary healthcare physicians on the knowledge, attitude, and practice of smoking ces...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Dental caries and dental fluorosis according to water fluoridation among 12-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren: a nation-wide study comparing different municipalities
AbstractAimTo test the correlation among dental caries, dental fluorosis, and the percentage of municipalities with optimal fluoridated water among Brazilian 12-year-old schoolchildren.Subjects and methodsAn ecological study was performed using primary data from the latest Brazilian Oral Health Survey. The units of analysis were the 26 states plus the Federal District of Brazil (n = 7328 schoolchildren). Dental caries was diagnosed according to the DMFT criteria and dental fluorosis according to Dean’s Index. Descriptive and analytical statistics (p 
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Intelligence and global health: assessing the role of open source and social media intelligence analysis in infectious disease outbreaks
ConclusionWe conclude that there is a place for OSINT and SIGINT in the detection and reporting of outbreaks. However, such tools are not sufficient on their own and must be corroborated for the intelligence to be relevant and actionable. Finally, we conclude that further discussion on key ethical issues needs to take place before such research can continue. In particular, this involves questions of jurisdiction, data ownership, and ethical considerations. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Evaluation of determinant factors for the presence and activity of dental caries in five-year-old children: study with decision tree
AbstractAimThe aim of the present study was to investigate dental caries and caries activity as well as determine associations with sociodemographic factors and visits to the dentist among 5-year-old children.Subjects and methodsSeven hundred sixty-nine children enrolled in preschools in a medium-sized city in northeast Brazil participated in the study. Two examiners who had undergone training exercises performed the examinations using the ICDAS-II. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression for complex samples were performed ( α = 5%). An inductive decision tree was created for the occurrence of ca...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Female sexual dysfunction in Egyptian women with anxiety: prevalence and patterns
AbstractBackgroundSexual function is extremely complicated, and various factors including psychological issues can influence women ’s behavior. The purpose of this study was to assess female sexual dysfunction (FSD) and its related factors in women with anxiety disorder in Beni-Suef, Upper Egypt.Subjects and methodsA cross-sectional study was carried out between July and October 2017 with a sample size of 119 women of reproductive age and diagnosed with anxiety using The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) at the Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic of Beni-Suef General Hospital, Upper Egypt. Sexual dysfunction was assessed using ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Punjab, Pakistan: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionThis study concluded that CVDs are a serious problem for both genders and affected 17.5% of the studied population. Diseases are more common in females than males with young age of onset. An inactive lifestyle, low level of activity and family history of disease could be disease risk factors in the study area. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Determinants of factors associated with childhood immunization in Punjab, Pakistan: evidence from the multiple indicator cluster survey
ConclusionsImmunization of children is significantly associated with predictors, i.e., the mother ’s education level, residence, gender and wealth index. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Predictors of vitamin D supplementation amongst infants in Ireland throughout the first year of life
AbstractAimTo investigate predictors of compliance with the recommendation that all infants in Ireland are supplemented daily from birth to 12  months of age with 5 μg of vitamin D.Subjects and methodsA prospective observational study was conducted. Self-complete questionnaires recorded socio-demographic characteristics, health behaviours and supplementation practices for 158 mother-infant dyads at 4, 9 and 12  months post-partum. A 2-day food diary was also obtained on 12-month-old infants to examine the contribution of diet to vitamin D intakes.ResultsAt 4, 9 and 12  months of age, 57.6% (n = 91), 34.2%...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Developing a diabetes prevention education program for community health care workers in Thailand: translation of the knowledge to at-risk people
AbstractAimTo evaluate the effects of a randomized education program for community health care workers (CHCWs) on the knowledge, awareness and understanding of key messages related to healthy eating among community members at risk for diabetes (at-risk-DM) identified through community diabetes screening.Subjects and methodsSixty-nine health centers from five districts in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand, were randomized into the intervention (CHCWs-IG,n = 35) and control group (CHCWs-CG,n = 34). CHCWs-IG participated in a diabetes prevention education program (DPEP) over 4 months. No training/...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Predictors of vitamin D supplementation amongst infants in Ireland throughout the first year of life
AbstractThe authors wish to clarify that J.M. Kearney refers to John M. Kearney. The first name of this author was not clarified in the original article. The authors apologise for this error. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Association of food insecurity with frailty among older adults in India
AbstractThe real name of the author is Mamta Chaudhary. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Examining the connection between residential histories and obesity among Ghanaians: evidence from a national survey
AbstractBackgroundThis paper examined the connection between residential histories and obesity in Ghana. In the last two decades, low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have witnessed the fastest growth in obesity incidence. These obesity trends in many LMICs including Ghana are associated with rapid economic growth and urbanisation. Features of the urban food and built environments contribute to obesity in LMICs in many ways, including exposure to unhealthy foods, sedentary lifestyles, and passive transportation.MethodsThe analytical sample consisted of 4368 adults (aged 18 and above) drawn from the World Health Organis...
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 30, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A survey to validate the traditional Siddha perception of diabetes mellitus
ConclusionsThe antiquity of early descriptions of diabetes underscores the importance of the observation and recording of medical conditions as humans evolve; more similar studies should be conducted to validate the data in ancient medicinal texts and to prove their authenticity in the modern scientific era. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 29, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Gaps in nutrition knowledge and barriers to eating healthy among low-income, school-going adolescent girls in Delhi
ConclusionInnovative behaviour change strategies are needed to inculcate healthy eating habits with the engagement of parents and teachers. School curriculums need to be modified to impart not only appropriate nutrition knowledge but also motivation for behaviour change. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 29, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Utilization of short message service (SMS) in non-pharmacological management of hypertension. A pilot study in an URBAN public hospital of Multan, Pakistan
ConclusionSMS proved to be very useful to enhance adherence to non-pharmacological treatment of HTN (hypertension). It also improved patient compliance. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 29, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A survey to validate the traditional Siddha perception of diabetes mellitus
ConclusionsThe antiquity of early descriptions of diabetes underscores the importance of the observation and recording of medical conditions as humans evolve; more similar studies should be conducted to validate the data in ancient medicinal texts and to prove their authenticity in the modern scientific era. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 29, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Gaps in nutrition knowledge and barriers to eating healthy among low-income, school-going adolescent girls in Delhi
ConclusionInnovative behaviour change strategies are needed to inculcate healthy eating habits with the engagement of parents and teachers. School curriculums need to be modified to impart not only appropriate nutrition knowledge but also motivation for behaviour change. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 29, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Utilization of short message service (SMS) in non-pharmacological management of hypertension. A pilot study in an URBAN public hospital of Multan, Pakistan
ConclusionSMS proved to be very useful to enhance adherence to non-pharmacological treatment of HTN (hypertension). It also improved patient compliance. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 29, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Behavior and attitudes towards smoking among teachers in Turkey
ConclusionThe attitude of teachers towards smoking varied according to their cigarette smoking status. Their behavior and attitudes about smoking corresponded well with cognitive dissonance theory. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 15, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Determinants of the age of mother at first birth in Bangladesh: quantile regression approach
ConclusionThe results show that the average age of mothers at first birth is just under 18  years, which is just under the age of marriage in Bangladesh. It is quite alarming to the government of Bangladesh. Therefore, the government should take the necessary steps to achieve an increase in the age of mothers at first birth. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 14, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Accuracy of self-reported weight compared to measured BMI among rural middle school students in Michigan
This study ’s purpose was to examine the accuracy of self-reported weight compared to measured BMI among rural middle school students in Michigan.Subject and methodsA sample of 1995 students aged 11 and 12 were recruited over 5  years from six rural school districts in mid-Michigan. Data were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire with questions from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Height and weight were measured by research assistants and BMI calculated.ResultsAlthough only 3.5% of the students considered themselves very overweight, 26.4% were in the obese category of BMI. Almost a quarter (2...
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Transnational ties, endowment with capital, and health of immigrants in Germany: cross-sectional study
ConclusionWe found no evidence that immigrants who maintain close transnational ties (personal contact/sending remittances) to their country of origin are not sufficiently “integrated” into German society and will hence experience worse health (assimilation theory). However, they do not experience major health benefits from maintaining transnational ties either. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 11, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Predictors of fruit and vegetable intake in low-income and racially diverse preschoolers: does parental feeding style matter?
AbstractAimDiets rich in fruit and vegetables (FV) are associated with favorable public health outcomes, including lower prevalence of cancer and obesity. However, children ’s FV consumption in many Western countries fails to meet the minimum recommendations. Because parental behaviors influence children’s diet from birth, it is important to examine potential interactions between taste preferences and parental behaviors on FV consumption in early childhood. This st udy tested the moderating effect of an authoritative feeding style on the link between child’s FV taste preferences and FV intake.Subjects and...
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 11, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a peer-led HIV/AIDS education program on HIV-related health literacy of jailed adolescents in Tunis, Tunisia
ConclusionThe peer-led HIV/AIDS education program contributes to the development of HIV-related health literacy of jailed adolescents. It is possible to elaborate aspects of HIV-related health literacy in a non-formal education setting. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Classification of nicotine-dependent users in India: a decision-tree approach
ConclusionsSmoking and smokeless tobacco use dependencies are driven by different sets of demographic and socioeconomic predictors. Suitable plans for tobacco cessation need to be implemented based on the type of tobacco and particularly duration of use, which was found to be the most important determinant of quitting. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A determinant for family planning attitudes and practices of men: marriage features
This study was conducted to determine both the use of family planning methods among married men between the ages of 20 to 50 and some marriage characteristics affecting this use.MethodsThis was a descriptive and correlational study conducted in May and June 2014. The study sample included 375 males. The study data were collected using a survey form as well as the Family Planning Attitude Scale, Marital Adjustment Scale, and Marital Problem Solving Scale. The determinants of the Family Planning Attitude Scale were found using hierarchical multiple regression analysis. The risk factors for not using family planning were eval...
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 31, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Measures of spatial accessibility to health centers: investigating urban and rural disparities in Kermanshah, Iran
ConclusionThe bipolar status of the rural population ’s access to healthcare compared with those residing in the Kermanshah Township clearly underlines an unequal structure of the health system in the Kermanshah Province. There is, hence, a need for effective interventions of policymakers and health managers in the province to eliminate this dispari ty. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 31, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Determinants of stroke prevalence in the southeastern region of the United States
AbstractPurposeThe southeast of the United States (USA) is a high stroke prevalence area otherwise known as the “Stroke Belt” in order to characterize the increased stroke morbidity and mortality rates found there. The purpose of this study was to characterize the relationship between socio-cultural factors and dietary habits related to stroke occurrence within the affected states.MethodsThe 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data was analyzed for both bivariate and multivariate models aimed at studying the interaction between socio-cultural factors and the prevalence pattern of stroke in t...
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 30, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Positive impact of educational intervention on knowledge, attitude, and practice towards dengue among university students in Malaysia
ConclusionHealth authorities could implement a nationwide dengue awareness programme focusing on social media and other media as a platform to disseminate information regarding disease and outbreaks and to promote healthy lifestyles. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Pharmaceutical growth versus health equity in India: when markets fail
ConclusionOne can conclude that equity has not occurred under a growing pharmaceutical sector. This finding has huge implications for public policy in India and other emerging nations. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 24, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Fibromyalgia awareness in women aged between 18 and 75  years: a current view to fibromyalgia
ConclusionPatients ’ knowledge of the characteristics and long-term outcome of this multifaceted disease contributes to the control of disease. Therefore, patient education programs are important as a complementary treatment in FMS. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Emotional factors are critical motivators for tobacco use according to smokers ’ own perception
In this study, we used the Collective Subject Discourse (CSD) method to investigate the motivations for tobacco use according to smokers ’ own perception in 135 current smokers.ResultsThe vast majority of patients (83.7%) reported that they smoked cigarettes when seeking relief or emotional comfort. When asked why they smoked, most declared they smoked due to stress, anxiety, or nervousness. Long-term smokers reporting using cigarettes to feel pleasure, in contrast to short-term smokers, who mostly reported they smoked because they felt stress or anxiety (p 
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 18, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Quality of implementation of the school health program in a rural district of Oyo State, Nigeria; a public-private comparison
The tables were incorrectly labelled. The correct list of tables and the corresponding data are shown below. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 16, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Crossing the wide gap between positive attitude towards blood donation and its poor practice among university students: can knowledge and demographic characteristics help?!
Due to miscommunication in the terms of using the first dataset, a correction to the list of authors is required: The family name of the third author should be Abd-El Rahman instead of Elareny. An updated list of authors is shown above. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 15, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Mortality by skin color/race, urbanicity, and metropolitan region in Brazil
ConclusionMortality-related racial inequalities were associated with urbanicity and MR level. They were also dependent on a complex combination of risk factors in these areas. City categorization may serve as an intervention point to reduce racial inequalities in health among populations in Brazilian cities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 11, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Influence of internet addiction on academic, sportive, and recreative activities in adolescents
ConclusionAlthough the use of mobile phones was lower in the adolescent female group, daily smartphone use times, IA, IA scores, and somatoform symptoms were found to be higher, independent of body mass index. IA has adverse effects on mental and physical health in adolescents. It is necessary to raise awareness in this regard to ensure the transition into healthy adults. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 8, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Consensus development of components of continuity of care for stroke patients: a Delphi methodology
ConclusionsIt represents the first attempt to develop consensus on the components of continuity of care for Chinese patients with stroke. According to the established framework and components of continuity of care, health professionals can successfully implement continuity of care for stroke patients and improve the quality of care. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 8, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Self-rated health status and its correlates among the elderly in India
ConclusionThis study found a sizeable number of elderly with self-rated poor health along with extensive disparity by socio-economic and demographic characteristics. Chronic disease, functional limitations and routine medical check-ups were strong predictors of self-rated health. Given the higher proportion of poor self-rated health among the elderly, and the increasing size of the ageing population in India, this study indicates the need to strengthen health care services and social security programs for the elderly. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 30, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research