Do stressful events account for the link between socioeconomic status and mental health?
Conclusions Findings may suggest that reducing exposure to stressors and/or improving coping with life stressors may both improve mental health and reduce health disparities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Businelle, M. S., Mills, B. A., Chartier, K. G., Kendzor, D. E., Reingle, J. M., Shuval, K. Tags: Wider determinants Source Type: research

Association between socio-demographic, psychosocial, material and occupational factors and self-reported health among workers in Europe
Conclusion Various factors were associated with poor SRH. This study gave a first European overview of the associations between socio-demographic, psychosocial, material and occupational factors and SRH in Europe and could provide better advice to policy-makers at a European level. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Schutte, S., Chastang, J.-F., Parent-Thirion, A., Vermeylen, G., Niedhammer, I. Tags: Wider determinants Source Type: research

Investigating the effect of the London living wage on the psychological wellbeing of low-wage service sector employees: a feasibility study
Conclusions Those who worked for a LLW employer had significantly higher psychological wellbeing on average than those who did not. This was shown to be irrespective of any differences in the socioeconomic or demographic composition of these two groups. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Flint, E., Cummins, S., Wills, J. Tags: Wider determinants Source Type: research

North and South: addressing the English health divide
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Bambra, C., Barr, B., Milne, E. Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Lots of planets have a North . . .
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Milne, E., Schrecker, T. Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Notice from the President of the Faculty of Public Health
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Ashton, J. Tags: Notice from the President of the Faculty of Public Health Source Type: research

Erratum
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

'Lifting the ban on alcohol at Scottish football matches: an own goal for public health progress?'
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Robertson, T., Frank, J., Jepson, R. Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

The clinico-epidemiological conference: a proposed new pedagogic tool for the integration of epidemiology and clinical practice
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Stone, D. H. Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Lecture Notes: Epidemiology, Evidence-Based Medicine and Public Health, Lecture Notes, 6th Edition
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Bray, I. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Evolution and medicine
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Gray, S. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Exploring the pragmatic and explanatory study design on outcomes of systematic reviews of public health interventions: a case study on obesity prevention trials
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Yoong, S. L., Wolfenden, L., Clinton-McHarg, T., Waters, E., Pettman, T. L., Steele, E., Wiggers, J. Tags: Cochrane Update Source Type: research

Patients' evaluation of primary health care services in Gjilan region, Kosovo
Conclusions Considerably fewer PHC users in Kosovo were satisfied with the overall medical encounter compared with their European counterparts. This new and useful evidence may support health professionals and policy makers for improving the quality of PHC in Kosovo, a country struggling and mainstreaming all energies in order to get international recognition. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Tahiri, Z., Toci, E., Rrumbullaku, L., Hoti, K., Roshi, E., Burazeri, G. Tags: Health Services Source Type: research

Implementation of a quality assurance process for non-therapeutic infant male circumcision providers in North West England
Conclusions Local QA processes can be used to encourage and identify good practice and to support parents who need to access services outside the remit of the National Health Service. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Whittaker, P. J., Gollins, H. J., Roaf, E. J. Tags: Health Services Source Type: research

The evaluation of a culturally appropriate, community-based lifestyle intervention program for elderly Chinese immigrants with chronic diseases: a pilot study
Conclusions These promising pilot study results from this lifestyle intervention program for elderly Chinese American immigrants with chronic diseases inform the design of a more definitive trial using a randomized design and larger sample size. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Lu, Y., DiPierro, M., Chen, L., Chin, R., Fava, M., Yeung, A. Tags: Health Services Source Type: research

Measuring current and future cost of skin cancer in England
Conclusion Effective prevention of skin cancer might not only reduce a significant burden of disease but it could also save considerable resources to the NHS. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Vallejo-Torres, L., Morris, S., Kinge, J. M., Poirier, V., Verne, J. Tags: Health Services Source Type: research

Medical cost and frequent mental distress among the non-elderly US adult population
Conclusions These findings highlight the need for affordable medical care for reducing mental distress and improving population health. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Bruning, J., Arif, A. A., Rohrer, J. E. Tags: Health Services Source Type: research

Applying qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) in public health: a case study of a health improvement service for long-term incapacity benefit recipients
Conclusions The QCA identified potential causal pathways for health improvement from the intervention with important potential implications for health inequalities. QCA should be considered as a viable and practical method in the public health evaluation tool box. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Warren, J., Wistow, J., Bambra, C. Tags: Health Services Source Type: research

Prospective pilot evaluation of the effectiveness and cost-utility of a 'health first' case management service for long-term Incapacity Benefit recipients
Conclusions Case management interventions may improve the health of Incapacity Benefit recipients. Further research is required to help confirm these pilot findings. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Warren, J., Bambra, C., Kasim, A., Garthwaite, K., Mason, J., Booth, M. Tags: Health Services Source Type: research

Can a nudge keep you warm? Using nudges to reduce excess winter deaths: insight from the Keeping Warm in Later Life Project (KWILLT)
This article defends two claims: (i) nudges could have a place in tackling even the heavily socially determined problem of EWD. We draw on evidence from an empirical study, the Keeping Warm in Later Life Project (KWILLT), to argue that in some cases the risk of cold is within the person’s control to some extent such that environmental modifications to influence behaviour such as nudges are possible. (ii) Some uses of behavioural insights in the form of nudges are acceptable, including some in the area of EWD. We suggest a question-based framework by which to judge the ethical acceptability of nudges. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Allmark, P., Tod, A. M. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Marital status and its relationship with the risk and pattern of visual impairment in a multi-ethnic Asian population
Background To examine whether marital status is a significant determinant of visual impairment (VI) in urban multi-ethnic Asian population. Methods We conducted a population-based study of Singapore-resident ethnic Malays, Indians and Chinese aged ≥40 years. Ophthalmic examination included the assessment of presenting and best-corrected visual acuity (PVA and BCVA) using standardized procedures. Information regarding marital status and socioeconomic status were obtained from an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Results Among the 10 033 participants, 7756 (77.3%) were married; 589 (5.9%) were single; 407 (4.1%) w...
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Zheng, Y., Lamoureux, E. L., Chiang, P. P. C., Rahman Anuar, A., Wong, T. Y. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Born into adversity: psychological distress in two birth cohorts of second-generation Irish children growing up in Britain
Conclusions Second-generation Irish children experienced high levels of psychological morbidity, but this was accounted for through adverse material circumstances in childhood and psychological distress in parents. Public health initiatives focusing on settlement experiences may reduce health inequalities in migrant children. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Das-Munshi, J., Clark, C., Dewey, M. E., Leavey, G., Stansfeld, S. A., Prince, M. J. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Adverse childhood experiences: retrospective study to determine their impact on adult health behaviours and health outcomes in a UK population
Background Studies suggest strong links between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and poor adult health and social outcomes. However, the use of such studies in non-US populations is relatively scarce. Methods Retrospective cross-sectional survey of 1500 residents and 67 substance users aged 18–70 years in a relatively deprived and ethnically diverse UK population. Results Increasing ACEs were strongly related to adverse behavioural, health and social outcomes. Compared with those with 0 ACEs, individuals with 4+ ACEs had adjusted odds ratios of the following: 3.96 [95% confidence interval (CI): 2.74–5.73]...
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Bellis, M. A., Lowey, H., Leckenby, N., Hughes, K., Harrison, D. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Smoking-related disease risk, area deprivation and health behaviours
Conclusion The results are of policy interest as they suggest that to reduce inequalities in smoking-related diseases, interventions reducing both smoking and other unhealthy behaviours are required. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Eberth, B., Olajide, D., Craig, P., Ludbrook, A. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Is roll-your-own tobacco substitute for manufactured cigarettes: evidence from Ireland?
Conclusions Increasing prices via taxation is an effective way of reducing the consumption of RYO tobacco but due to associations between RYO tobacco smoking and lower incomes, these policies should be accompanied by measures aimed at helping smokers to quit. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Cornelsen, L., Normand, C. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

A qualitative investigation of the motivations, experiences and views of female sunbed users under the age of 18 in England
Conclusions The sunbed users interviewed in this study attached considerable significance to tanning, rationalized the risks of sunbed use and expressed their determination to continue using them. The impact of legislation to limit sunbed access may be weakened without requirements to ensure supervision of salons. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Lake, J. R., Thomson, C. S., Twelves, C. J., Davies, E. A. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Co-testing for detection of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cancer compared with cytology alone: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Conclusion Co-testing increases the detection of CIN2+ lesions at baseline and significantly decreases the detection rates of CIN2+ or CIN3+ lesions at subsequent screening compared with cytology alone. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Bouchard-Fortier, G., Hajifathalian, K., McKnight, M. D., Zacharias, D. G., Gonzalez-Gonzalez, L. A. Tags: Health Protection Source Type: research

Examining inequalities in the uptake of the school-based HPV vaccination programme in England: a retrospective cohort study
This study aimed to investigate factors associated with HPV vaccine initiation and completion within the routine HPV vaccination programme in the South West of England. Methods Data were retrieved for young women eligible for routine vaccination from 2008/09 to 2010/11 from three Primary Care Trusts (PCTs)/local authorities. Multivariable logistic regression models were developed to examine factors associated with uptake of HPV vaccination. Results Of 14 282 eligible young women, 12 658 (88.6%) initiated, of whom 11 725 (92.6%) completed the course. Initiation varied by programme year (86.5–89.6%) and PCTs/local au...
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Fisher, H., Audrey, S., Mytton, J. A., Hickman, M., Trotter, C. Tags: Health Protection Source Type: research

Migrant health and infectious diseases in the UK: findings from the last 10 years of surveillance
Conclusions This analysis highlights the importance of considering, and improving the recording of, country of birth as a risk factor for infection. Consideration of multiple health risks is of value for migrant patients, and this has implications for the design of improved preventative strategies. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Wagner, K. S., Lawrence, J., Anderson, L., Yin, Z., Delpech, V., Chiodini, P. L., Redman, C., Jones, J. Tags: Health Protection Source Type: research

Prevalence of latent tuberculosis, syphilis, hepatitis B and C among asylum seekers in Malta
Conclusion Systematic screening for asymptomatic migrants in Malta is not recommended for hepatitis C and syphilis, given the low prevalence observed. On the contrary, it should be considered for hepatitis B. TST could be indicated as the first step of a two step screening for migrants from countries with high TB incidence. Efficacy and cost-effectiveness could be achieved by further targeting screening to specific subgroups at higher risk of reactivation, such as people living with HIV and subjects affected by chronic diseases. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Padovese, V., Egidi, A. M., Melillo, T. F., Farrugia, B., Carabot, P., Didero, D., Costanzo, G., Mirisola, C. Tags: Health Protection Source Type: research

Comment on Peckham: contagion-epidemiological models and financial crises
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Sampson, T. D. Tags: Perspectives Source Type: research

Contagion: a misnomer for financial crisis
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: King, N. B. Tags: Perspectives Source Type: research

Contagion: epidemiological models and financial crises
Since the 1990s, economists have drawn on the epidemiology of emerging infectious diseases to explain the diffusion of shock through an increasingly complex financial system. The successful coordination of public health responses to disease threats, and in particular the epidemiological modelling underpinning infection control, has influenced economists' understanding of the risks posed to the stability of the financial system by ‘contagion’. While the exportation of analytic models and frames of reference can be fruitful, reinvigorating the destination domain, such analogizing can have a distorting effect. The...
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Peckham, R. Tags: Perspectives Source Type: research

Pandemic controllability: a concept to guide a proportionate and flexible operational response to future influenza pandemics
The 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic posed challenges for governments worldwide. Strategies designed to limit community transmission, such as antiviral deployment, were largely ineffective due to both feasibility constraints and the generally mild nature of disease, resulting in incomplete case ascertainment. Reviews of national pandemic plans have identified pandemic impact, primarily linked to measures of transmissibility and severity, as a key concept to incorporate into the next generation of plans. While an assessment of impact provides the rationale under which interventions may be warranted, it does not directly provide...
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: McCaw, J. M., Glass, K., Mercer, G. N., McVernon, J. Tags: Perspectives Source Type: research

Let's talk about culture! Experiencing a disco funeral in Western Kenya
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Zolnikov, T. R. Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Mission accomplished: over and out
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Leung, G. M. Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

NICE public health guidance update
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Morgan, A., Kettle, R., Ainsworth, N., Peploe, K., Huntley, J. Tags: Updates Source Type: research

Cochrane update: building capacity in evidence-informed decision-making to improve public health
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Pettman, T. L., Armstrong, R., Jones, K., Waters, E., Doyle, J. Tags: Updates Source Type: research

Emergency hospital admissions for the elderly: insights from the Devon Predictive Model
Conclusions Age, especially 85 and over, has been undervalued as a risk factor for emergency hospital admissions. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Chenore, T., Pereira Gray, D. J., Forrer, J., Wright, C., Evans, P. H. Tags: Health Services Quality Source Type: research

Socioeconomic and ethnic inequalities in screen-detected breast cancer in London
Conclusion A sustained focus on increasing screening uptake among deprived women and in Black communities could decrease inequalities in early diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Davies, E. A., Renshaw, C., Dixon, S., Moller, H., Coupland, V. H. Tags: Health Services Quality Source Type: research

Coverage gap in maternal and child health services in India: assessing trends and regional deprivation during 1992-2006
Conclusion Region or area-specific focus in order to increase the coverage of maternal and child health care services in India should be the priority of the policy-makers and programme executors. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Kumar, C., Singh, P. K., Rai, R. K. Tags: Health Services Quality Source Type: research

Hospital activity and cost incurred because of unregistered patients in England: considerations for current and new commissioners
Conclusions Health care use by unregistered populations is an important consideration for resource allocation and planning health care services at national and local levels. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Davies, A. R., Chitnis, X., Bardsley, M. Tags: Health Services Quality Source Type: research

Cohort study of a dual-pathogen point source outbreak associated with the consumption of chicken liver pate, UK, October 2009
Conclusion This is the first mixed pathogen outbreak documented associated with the consumption of chicken liver pâté and adds to the evidence of potential hazards associated with the undercooking of poultry livers. A rapid outbreak investigation with collaboration between several organizations and the venue led to identification of the most probable source. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Wensley, A., Coole, L. Tags: Health Protection Source Type: research

Low rates of hepatitis C testing among people who inject drugs in Thailand: implications for peer-based interventions
Conclusions We found one-third of Thai IDU in our sample reporting a history of HCV testing. The finding that IDU who received peer-based HCV education were more likely to access HCV testing provides evidence for the value of peer-based interventions for this population. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Ti, L., Kaplan, K., Hayashi, K., Suwannawong, P., Wood, E., Kerr, T. Tags: Health Protection Source Type: research

Midwives' influenza vaccine uptake and their views on vaccination of pregnant women
Conclusions London midwives support influenza vaccination of pregnant women, but are more willing to give advice on, than to administer, the vaccine. Midwives’ own influenza vaccine uptake could improve with more information and easier access to vaccination in their workplace. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Ishola, D. A., Permalloo, N., Cordery, R. J., Anderson, S. R. Tags: Health Protection Source Type: research

Invasive pneumococcal disease and socioeconomic deprivation: a population study from the North East of England
Background Some communicable diseases disproportionately affect poor and vulnerable groups. Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality; however, the relationship between IPD and deprivation has not been well described. Methods Population based study assessing the relationship between incidence of IPD and deprivation in the North East of England using data from an enhanced IPD surveillance system and the 2010 Indices of Multiple Deprivation and the Rural and Urban Area Classification. Results The incidence of IPD increased linearly with increasing deprivation from 7.0 per 100 000 ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Chapman, K. E., Wilson, D., Gorton, R. Tags: Health Protection Source Type: research

The comorbidity of hypertension and psychological distress: a study of nine countries in the former Soviet Union
Conclusions There is a significant association between psychological distress and hypertension in the region. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Footman, K., Roberts, B., Tumanov, S., McKee, M. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Road traffic disability in China: prevalence and socio-demographic disparities
Conclusions The findings demonstrate RTD were commonplace among Chinese residents and highlight existing socio-demographic disparities. Road safety initiatives are warranted to prevent RTD in China. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Lin, T., Li, N., Du, W., Song, X., Zheng, X. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Social inequalities in health expectancy and the contribution of mortality and morbidity: the case of Irish Travellers
Conclusions This study illustrated the true extent of health inequalities experienced by an indigenous minority in Europe, clarifying the importance of reducing the burden of non-fatal disabling conditions for addressing these inequalities. The health expectancy measure used has application for other similar indigenous minorities elsewhere. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Abdalla, S., Kelleher, C., Quirke, B., Daly, L., on Behalf of the All-Ireland Traveller Health Study team, Cronin, Drummond, Fitzpatrick, Frazier, Hamid, Kelly, Kilroe, Lotya, McGorrian, Moore, Murnane, Carthaigh, O'Mahony, O'Shea, Staines, Staines, Sween Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Predictors of parents' intention to limit children's television viewing
Conclusions Attitudes and normative pressure play an important role in determining parents' intention to limit their child's television viewing. The beliefs that were associated with parents' intention to limit should be emphasized by health professionals and in health communication campaigns. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Bleakley, A., Piotrowski, J. T., Hennessy, M., Jordan, A. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research