Effect of leisure-time aerobic exercise and muscle strength activity on sleep duration: results from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey
Conclusion Our findings suggest that high levels of leisure-time aerobic exercise play a protective role in healthy sleep, while the excessive muscle-strength activity might increase the risk of both extremely short and long sleep durations. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 28, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Mental health problems among university students and the impact of structural conditions
Conclusions These findings highlight the need to address mental health problems among university students and to initiate interventions. Furthermore, the findings implicate that study demands placed on students should be adjusted, and study resources, especially time latitude and social support by other students, should be promoted. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 8, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Epidemiological investigation of a jaundice outbreak in Kishangarh, Rajasthan, India, 2014
Abstract Aim To study the distribution of jaundice cases among university students and clinical profile of positive cases to initiate the control measure inside university premises. Subject and methods An epidemiological survey was conducted to collect the information regarding a jaundice outbreak among the students residing in hostels at the Central University of Rajasthan, Kishangarh, and Ajmer, India in October and November 2014. Fifteen hundred twenty-six students were screened for this epidemiological investigation by door-to-door survey throughout ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 8, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Public-private partnerships and efficiency in public procurement of primary healthcare infrastructure: a qualitative research in the NHS UK
Conclusion PPP’s ability to increase efficiency may be determined by contextual factors and mechanisms that restrict discretion over critical decisions by frontline public sector staff. Developing their capacity in monitoring PPP activities may make partnerships more efficient. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 5, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Assessment of hepatitis knowledge and attitudes among Fayoum University students: a cross-sectional study, Fayoum, Egypt
Abstract Background Hepatitis is a serious infectious disease of the liver. HBV in Egypt was considered as an endemic disease and HCV is a public health challenge with the highest prevalence in the world. Implementing a health education prevention program will save more money than that spent on treatment. Objectives To measure knowledge, and health-seeking attitudes concerning viral hepatitis among Fayoum University students. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 2,048 Fayoum University st...
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 4, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Building capacity to reduce health inequalities through health promotion in Europe
Conclusion Focussing mostly on building capacities, the A4H project has the potential to have several sustainable outcomes. Our results underscore the importance of the capacity-building approach for the reduction of health inequalities in Europe. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 26, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Visual and participatory research techniques: photo-elicitation and its potential to better inform public health about physical activity and eating behavior in underserved populations
Conclusion The new insights that investigators can acquire by employing PRTs such as PE may help public health researchers to develop culturally sensitive strategies and culturally meaningful intervention programs that have a better chance of reaching and benefiting at-risk populations. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 26, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Authors' reply to comments made about our article 'Food for thought'
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Gabbay, M. B., Goodall, M., Capewell, S., Bowers, P., Kennedy, L. A., Byrne, P., Barton, G. R., Martindale, A. M., on behalf of the Lay Health trainer Intervention Study (LHtIST) research group Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Correspondence
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Lloyd, S., Visram, S., Johnson, C., Errington, R., Scorer, C., Michie, S. Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Vale Professor Elizabeth Waters
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Armstrong, R., Doyle, J., Jones, K., Pettman, T. Tags: Cochrane update Source Type: research

Chekhov's Corner: "The Machine Stops" by E. M. Forster
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Caan, W. Tags: Chekhov ' s Corner Source Type: research

Improving public health from an Epicurean perspective
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: DeHart, L. S. Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

What is the impact of reporting guidelines on Public Health journals in Europe? The case of STROBE, CONSORT and PRISMA
Conclusions A strong heterogeneity in the application of guideline statements was observed. A common agreement among journals regarding research-reporting methodologies could improve the quality of PH research publishing. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Mannocci, A., Saulle, R., Colamesta, V., D'Aguanno, S., Giraldi, G., Maffongelli, E., Meggiolaro, A., Semyonov, L., Unim, B., La Torre, G. Tags: Methods Source Type: research

An estimation of periconceptional under-reporting of dietary energy intake
Background The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine periconceptional misreporting of energy intake (EI) using the Willet food frequency questionnaire (WFFQ). Methods Women were recruited in the first trimester. Women completed a semi-quantitative WFFQ. Maternal body composition was measured using eight-electrode bioelectrical impedance analysis. Under-reporters were those whose ratio of EI to their calculated basal metabolic rate fell below the calculated plausible threshold for their physical activity category. Results The mean age was 30.1 ± 5.3 years (n = 524). The mean body mass index (BMI) was...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Mullaney, L., O'Higgins, A. C., Cawley, S., Doolan, A., McCartney, D., Turner, M. J. Tags: Methods Source Type: research

Interprofessional collaboration in primary health care: a review of facilitators and barriers perceived by involved actors
Conclusions Interprofessional organization and training based on appropriate models should support collaboration development. The active participation of the patient is required to go beyond professional boundaries and hierarchies. Multidisciplinary research projects are recommended. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Supper, I., Catala, O., Lustman, M., Chemla, C., Bourgueil, Y., Letrilliart, L. Tags: Interventions (services) Source Type: research

Type of retirement as a determinant of pre- and post-retirement hospital in-patient care use: a prospective study
Conclusions An increase in hospital care preceding retirement in major diagnosis-specific disability retirement groups was followed by various patterns of decrease in the need of care indicated a beneficial health effect of retirement. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: von Bonsdorff, M. E., Rantanen, T., Tormakangas, T., Kulmala, J., Seitsamo, J., Nygard, C.-H., Ilmarinen, J., von Bonsdorff, M. B. Tags: Interventions (services) Source Type: research

Screening for hypertension among adults: community outreach in Cairo, Egypt
Conclusions Community outreach campaigns should be conducted regularly in the future for early detection of hypertension cases and proper health education about hypertension and its dangerous consequences. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Abd Elaziz, K. M., Dewedar, S. A., Sabbour, S., EL Gafaary, M. M., Marzouk, D. M., Aboul Fotouh, A., Allam, M. F. Tags: Interventions (services) Source Type: research

Obesity is associated with visit-to-visit systolic blood pressure variability in the US adults
Background Evidence has accumulated showing that blood pressure variability is associated with cardiovascular disease. A substantial increase in the prevalence of obesity has been documented globally. Our objective was to examine the relation of total and central obesity on visit-to-visit blood pressure variability. Methods We used data collected from the cross-sectional Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, to examine the association of visit-to-visit blood pressure variability with body mass index and waist circumference. Results The analysis included 14 988 participants. The participants' mean age wa...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Faramawi, M. F., Fischbach, L., Delongchamp, R., Cardenas, V., Abouelenien, S., Chedjieu, I. P., Taha, N. Tags: Interventions (services) Source Type: research

Limited access to drugs for resistant tuberculosis: a call to action
Although the rate of new tuberculosis (TB) cases has been falling worldwide, progress toward the targets for diagnosis and treatment of drug-resistant TB is far off-track. In countries with no reliable TB surveillance system, setbacks and progression of TB control is barely reflected and little is known on the situation in the field. Interviews with health professionals in Gabon revealed limited access to first- and second-line TB drugs and important deficiencies in basic TB control. National and international action needs to be taken to meet the global TB control targets. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Belard, S., Janssen, S., Osbak, K. K., Adegnika, A. A., Ondounda, M., Grobusch, M. P. Tags: Interventions (services) Source Type: research

Opportunities for reducing morbidity and mortality due to leading cancers in a developing country
Conclusions Cancer screening among chronic disease patients is suboptimal in our population. Improved implementation of guidelines for cancer in chronic disease clinics have the potential to impact on morbidity and mortality. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Duncan, J. P., Weir, P., Strachan, S., Tulloch-Reid, M. Tags: Interventions (preventive) Source Type: research

Parental decision-making in uptake of the MMR vaccination: a systematic review of qualitative literature
Conclusion Policymakers need to adapt information provided to address these concerns. Future research should focus more on distinguishing between accepters and rejecters to determine which factors can alter outcome. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Allan, N., Harden, J. Tags: Interventions (preventive) Source Type: research

The development of a framework to integrate evidence into a national injury prevention strategy
Conclusions This study describes a novel opportunity to operationalize an organization's commitment to integrate evidence into practice. The framework provides guidance on how to use evidence strategically to maximize the potential impact of prevention efforts. Opportunities for further evaluation and dissemination are discussed. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Chambers, A., Richmond, S. A., Logan, L., Macarthur, C., Mustard, C. A. Tags: Interventions (preventive) Source Type: research

Weighing up the evidence: a systematic review of the effectiveness of workplace interventions to tackle socio-economic inequalities in obesity
Conclusion There is experimental evidence that workplace delivered physical activity interventions have the potential to reduce inequalities in obesity by targeting lower occupational groups. However, overall, the evidence base is small, largely from the USA, and of a low quality. More high-quality, experimental study designs are required. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Cairns, J.-M., Bambra, C., Hillier-Brown, F. C., Moore, H. J., Summerbell, C. D. Tags: Interventions (preventive) Source Type: research

A systematic review of the prevalence of nutrition labels and completeness of nutrient declarations on pre-packaged foods in China
This article aims to quantify the prevalence of nutrition labels and the completeness of nutrient declarations on pre-packaged foods in China and to explore the impact of the 2007 code. Methods A systematic search of the published and grey literature was done, and a random-effects meta-analysis was used to obtain summary estimates. Results There were 15 surveys identified from 13 reports. For 44% (95% confidence interval: 37–51%) of the 22 636 food items, the product label provided information on one or more nutrients. There was significant heterogeneity between the surveys (I2 = 99%, P
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Huang, L., Li, N., Barzi, F., Ma, G., Trevena, H., Dunford, E., Land, M.- A., Neal, B. Tags: Interventions (preventive) Source Type: research

Friday sermons, family planning and gender equity attitudes and actions: evidence from Jordan
Conclusions Despite the mixed findings, intervention mosque goers who recalled messages were more likely to report taking relevant actions. These findings suggest that trained RLs compared with their counterparts were more effective in message dissemination. Thus, the findings support broader implementation of this type of intervention once the programmatic changes recommended in this article are made. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Underwood, C. R., Kamhawi, S. S. Tags: Interventions (preventive) Source Type: research

Sedentary behavior and prevalent diabetes in Non-Latino Whites, Non-Latino Blacks and Latinos: findings from the National Health Interview Survey
In this study, we examined the association between sedentary behavior and diabetes in a diverse data set, and explored whether differences in sedentary behavior across racial/ethnic groups could contribute to disparities in diabetes. Methods Participants were 27 141 adults from the 2010 US National Health Interview Survey. Logistic regression was used to assess associations between self-reported, non-occupational sitting time, race/ethnicity and physician diagnosis of type II diabetes. Results In fully adjusted models, each hour of daily sitting was associated with 4% increased odds of diabetes (P
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Larsen, B. A., Martin, L., Strong, D. R. Tags: Behavioural factors Source Type: research

Alcohol consumption for different periods in life, intake pattern over time and all-cause mortality
Conclusions Our findings support a reduced mortality risk associated with low-dose drinking but also highlight a higher mortality risk for consistent heavy drinking from a young age. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Jayasekara, H., MacInnis, R. J., Hodge, A. M., Hopper, J. L., Giles, G. G., Room, R., English, D. R. Tags: Behavioural factors Source Type: research

Descriptive normative beliefs and the self-regulation in alcohol use among Slovak university students
Conclusion The study contributes to research concerning AU by the way in which DNB and SRG are linked to AU among Slovak university students. The research findings can also be used in developing prevention and intervention programs. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Brutovska, M., Orosova, O., Kalina, O., Šebeňa, R. Tags: Behavioural factors Source Type: research

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk factors among voluntary screened middle-aged and elderly Egyptians
Conclusion The high prevalence of MetS among middle-aged and elderly Egyptians with the documented high prevalence of chronic diseases in Egypt calls for a nationwide screening program to detect MetS and tackle preventive strategies to face the epidemic of obesity and outcomes of MetS, particularly cardiovascular diseases. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Abd Elaziz, K. M., Gabal, M. S., Aldafrawy, O. A., Abou Seif, H. A.-A., Allam, M. F. Tags: Life course [amp ] epidemiology Source Type: research

Five-year follow-up study of the association between periodontal disease and myocardial infarction among Japanese male workers: MY Health Up Study
Background An association between chronic oral infections and coronary heart disease has been suggested. Methods The study participants were male employees aged 36–59 years. Data were extracted from the MY Health Up Study, comprising a baseline questionnaire survey and succeeding annual health examinations for financial firm workers in Japan. Using a self-administered questionnaire at baseline, participants' oral status was classified into three types of periodontal indicators: (i) periodontal score, (ii) periodontitis and (iii) tooth loss (
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Noguchi, S., Toyokawa, S., Miyoshi, Y., Suyama, Y., Inoue, K., Kobayashi, Y. Tags: Life course [amp ] epidemiology Source Type: research

Dementia in the USA: state variation in prevalence
Conclusions The high state variation suggests that the number of diagnosed dementia cases does not fall evenly across all states and hence may require different levels of state-level planning. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Koller, D., Bynum, J. P. W. Tags: Life course [amp ] epidemiology Source Type: research

Prevalence of chest symptoms amongst brick kiln migrant workers and care seeking behaviour: a study from South India
Conclusions The TB control programme needs to further explore how to extend its services to such ‘hard to reach’ groups. Active case finding to ensure early diagnosis and treatment initiation amongst such groups needs consideration. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Thomas, B. E., Charles, N., Watson, B., Chandrasekaran, V., Senthil Kumar, R., Dhanalakshmi, A., Wares, F., Swaminathan, S. Tags: Life course [amp ] epidemiology Source Type: research

Differences in the use of contraception between Roma and non-Roma women in Serbia
Conclusions Inequalities in the use of contraception between Roma and non-Roma women exist. Promoting modern methods of contraception and education about the importance of the use of contraception should be in the focus of national health policies and strategies related to reproductive health to reduce these inequalities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Nikolic, Z., Djikanovic, B. Tags: Wider determinants Source Type: research

Well-being in 15-year-old adolescents: a matter of relationship with school
Conclusions Adolescents' well-being, as well as the prevalence of typical risk behaviours, such as smoking and alcohol consumption, is mediated by the adolescents' academic stress. Therefore, public health interventions, to be effective, should consider addressing the school environment by making it a more inclusive environment promoting critical thinking and sense of belonging rather than just focusing on personal behaviours. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Lemma, P., Borraccino, A., Berchialla, P., Dalmasso, P., Charrier, L., Vieno, A., Lazzeri, G., Cavallo, F. Tags: Wider determinants Source Type: research

Residential mobility and the association between physical environment disadvantage and general and mental health
Conclusions Over a 1-year time period residential moves between environments with different levels of multiple physical deprivation were rare and did not significantly raise rates of poor health in the most deprived areas. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Tunstall, H., Pearce, J. R., Shortt, N. K., Mitchell, R. J. Tags: Wider determinants Source Type: research

Bta
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 25, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Milne, E. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Absenteeism among preschool children due to oral problems
Conclusion The prevalence of preschool absenteeism due to oral problems was 8.4 % and was associated with the occurrence of cavitated dental caries. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 13, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Congenital heart defects among Down syndrome patients: a clinical profiling
Abstract Aim The incidence of Down syndrome (DS) has been estimated one case in 814 live births in Iranian population. Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in DS patients ranges from 40 to 60 %. To the author’s knowledge, there is no data available for the prevalence and types of CHD in patients with DS in south of Iran. Accordingly, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of CHD among DS patients, and to evaluate the 14 clinical features in DS patients with and without CHD. Subjects and methods In ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 13, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Screening questionnaires to identify problem drinking in the primary care setting: a systematic review
Conclusion Primary healthcare workers do not routinely screen for harmful drinking in their usual practice in German-speaking countries. Brief interventions are initiated based on results of screening tests; hence, the opportunity for brief interventions is missed. However, guidance and training on validated alcohol-screening instruments and information on the content of brief interventions is currently missing in German-speaking countries. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 4, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The characteristics of diagnosis, patient care and education of asthma and COPD patients from the perspective of the actors in the Hungarian healthcare system
Conclusions Patients are not likely to have sufficient knowledge of their disease or the appropriate usage of their inhalation devices. Reorganization of the Hungarian COPD and asthmatic patient care system is needed as soon as possible to provide effective patient education and patient care. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 3, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Greater bed- and wake-time variability is associated with less healthy lifestyle behaviors: a cross-sectional study
Conclusions Greater bed-time variability is associated with a less healthy pattern of lifestyle behaviors. Greater consistency in sleep timing may contribute to, or be reflective of, a healthier lifestyle. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effects of folic acid supplementation on homocysteine level as primary prevention of heart disease: a systematic review
Conclusion Limited evidence supports any benefit from folic acid supplementation for the primary prevention of coronary heart disease. Studies of the combined effect of folic acid with another preventative method of cardiovascular disease will help determine if folic acid supplementation causally reduces the cardiovascular event from the primary level. To prove its effectiveness, future clinical trials need to be performed. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 5, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Adverse reproductive health outcomes in pre-menopausal Indian women chronically exposed to biomass smoke
Conclusion The study shows women cooking with biomass fuel are at heightened risk of developing reproductive problems, stillbirth and low birth weight in newborns. This study recommends that more efforts should be made to understand the problem and introduce strategies to reduce emissions and exposure to biomass smoke. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Occupational diseases prevention and control in China: a comparison with the United States
Conclusion There is a gap in the overall strength of occupational disease prevention and control between the US and China. There is a lot of work to do for China. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 11, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Internalizing disorders in migrant and non-migrant children and adolescents: analyses of a German health care population
Conclusions Possibly, migrant children are currently not sufficiently supplied with psychiatric health services. Cross-cultural as well as familial aspects should increasingly be considered in psychiatric work with children showing internalizing symptoms. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 3, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Unemployment, health and moderating factors: the need for targeted health promotion
Conclusion The interaction between unemployment and health points to a need for prevention and health promotion. The moderator analyses provide different insights for an approach of health promotion as well as for behavioural and structural prevention. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 31, 2015 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

An interactive method for engaging the public health workforce with evidence
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Baker, P. R. A., Francis, D. P., Demant, D., Doyle, J., Dobbins, M. Tags: Cochrane update Source Type: research

Impact of news of celebrity illness on online search behavior: the 'Robin Williams' phenomenon'
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Brigo, F. Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

A comparison of UK primary care data with other national data sources for monitoring the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy
Conclusions Under-recording of smoking status during pregnancy results in unreliable prevalence estimates from primary care data and needs improvement. However, in the absence of gestational smoking data, the inclusion of pre-conception smoking records may increase the utility of primary care data. One strategy to improve gestational smoking status recording in primary care could be the inclusion of pregnancy in the Quality and Outcome’s Framework as a condition for which smoking status and smoking cessation advice must be recorded electronically in patient records. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Dhalwani, N. N., Tata, L. J., Coleman, T., Fiaschi, L., Szatkowski, L. Tags: Methods Source Type: research

Socio-economic differences in cost of pregnancy-related health services in the peri-urban Accra, Ghana
Conclusions Women socio-economic differences play a critical role in access to health services. We recommend that awareness campaigns on the NHIS must be intensified. The Ghana Health Services through its Community-based Health Planning Service should carefully structure its home visits to cover education on pregnancy-related health services. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Aikins, M., Aryeetey, R., Dako-Gyeke, P., Adongo, P. B., McGough, L. Tags: Interventions (services) Source Type: research