Ventilated cookstoves associated with improvements in respiratory health-related quality of life in rural Bolivia
Conclusions This is the first use of a standardized respiratory HRQoL assessment to determine the impact of ventilated cookstove implementation on reducing HAP. This preliminary study utilizes the SGRQ as a valuable tool enabling analysis of these health effects in relation to other respiratory disease states. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Alexander, D., Linnes, J. C., Bolton, S., Larson, T. Tags: Interventions (preventive) Source Type: research

Effect of financial incentives on delivery of alcohol screening and brief intervention (ASBI) in primary care: longitudinal study
This study assesses the impact of a local pay-for-performance programme on delivery of ASBI in UK primary care. Methods Longitudinal study using data from 30 general practices in north-west London from 2008 to 2011 with logistic regression to examine disparities in ASBI delivery. Results Of 211 834 registered patients, 45 040 were targeted by the incentive (cardiovascular conditions or high risk; mental health conditions), of whom 65.7% were screened (up from a baseline of 4.8%, P
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Hamilton, F. L., Laverty, A. A., Gluvajic, D., Huckvale, K., Car, J., Majeed, A., Millett, C. Tags: Special section: Alcohol and public health Source Type: research

Implementing the Alcohol, Smoking, Substance Involvement Screening Test and linked brief intervention service in primary care in Thailand
Conclusion The ASSIST detected many substance users capable of benefiting from intervention. The programme was well received by patients and staff. The development of the project from conception to inclusion in Thailand's national public health strategy is described and suggested as a model for introducing similar procedures into developing countries. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Assanangkornchai, S., Balthip, Q., Edwards, J. G., With the assistance of the ASSIST-SBI Development Co-investigators Tags: Special section: Alcohol and public health Source Type: research

Responsibility without legal authority? Tackling alcohol-related health harms through licensing and planning policy in local government
Conclusions By combining the powers available to the many local government sectors involved in alcohol control, alcohol-related health and social harms can be tackled through existing local mechanisms. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Martineau, F. P., Graff, H., Mitchell, C., Lock, K. Tags: Special section: Alcohol and public health Source Type: research

Alcohol imagery on popularly viewed television in the UK
Conclusions Young people are exposed to frequent alcohol imagery, including branding, in UK prime-time television. It is likely that this exposure has an important effect on alcohol consumption in young people. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Lyons, A., McNeill, A., Britton, J. Tags: Special section: Alcohol and public health Source Type: research

Marketing messages in food and alcohol magazine advertisements, variations across type and nutritional content of promoted products: a content analysis
Conclusions Almost all advertisements included consumer-related marketing messages. Marketing messages used were not always congruent with the type or nutritional content of advertised products. These findings should be considered when developing policy. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Pitts, A., Burke, W., Adams, J. Tags: Special section: Alcohol and public health Source Type: research

Alcohol and other drug use at school leavers' celebrations
We examined patterns, influences and impacts of drug consumption at an end of schooling life celebration. Methods Seventeen- to 18-year-old Australians who intended to attend (n = 541) and who attended the celebration (n = 405), respectively, completed pre- and post-event surveys. Results Males consumed 18.44 and females 13.24 Australian standard drinks on an average day during the school leavers' event. Compared with their last social event, there was greater alcohol (P
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Lam, T., Liang, W., Chikritzhs, T., Allsop, S. Tags: Special section: Alcohol and public health Source Type: research

Trends in alcohol-attributable morbidity and mortality for Victoria, Australia from 2000/01 to 2009/10
We present the average QPC (AQPC) as a weighted average of QPCs. A test of parallelism was used to examine pairwise differences. Results AAMorb increased significantly over time for Victoria (AQPC = 1.0%, 95% confidence interval 0.8–1.2). While females (1.6, 1.1–2.0), age groups 25–44 (1.0, 0.9–1.1) and 45–64 (1.2, 0.2–2.2), and metropolitan population (1.2, 0.5–1.9) were broad subgroups more at risk, multivariate analysis detected specific increases for metropolitan females aged 15–44 (1.8, 1.0–2.6) and 45+ (1.6, 0.2–3.0). Relatively greater increases in morbidi...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Jayasekara, H., Ferris, J., Matthews, S., Livingston, M., Lloyd, B. Tags: Special section: Alcohol and public health Source Type: research

Alcohol and public health: heavy drinking is a heavy price to pay for populations
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Scott, S., Kaner, E. Tags: Special section: Alcohol and public health Source Type: research

The outcome of a cohort of tuberculin-positive predominantly South Asian new entrants aged 16-34 to the UK: Blackburn 1989-2001
Conclusion This patient-derived, rather than estimated, data shows a minimum risk of TB disease of 16.3% at 15 years. The 2006 NICE economic appraisal, suggested that treatment for latent TB infection (LTBI) was cost-effective when the incidence of clinical TB over 15 years surpassed 18% in these populations. The 2011 NICE economic appraisal reduced this to 12% active TB over 15 years, and showed that at 16% active TB over 15 years a single interferon gamma release assay was the most cost-effective strategy. Further cohort studies are urgently needed to confirm or revise the assumptions behind the 2011 NICE economic apprai...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Choudhury, I. W., West, C. R., Ormerod, L. P. Tags: Life course [amp ] epidemiology Source Type: research

Short- and long-term associations between widowhood and mortality in the United States: longitudinal analyses
Conclusion The ‘widowhood effect’ was not fully explained by adjusting for pre-widowhood SES and particularly elevated within the first few months after widowhood. These associations did not differ by sex. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Moon, J. R., Glymour, M. M., Vable, A. M., Liu, S. Y., Subramanian, S. V. Tags: Life course [amp ] epidemiology Source Type: research

Outbreak report: nosocomial transmission of measles through an unvaccinated healthcare worker--implications for public health
Conclusions The report highlights the large number of potential contacts in a hospital setting and the time and resource implications involved to prevent further cases. It also highlights the importance of timely identification of measles, early public health notification and complete contact tracing. Such incidents are nearly avoidable given the availability of an efficacious vaccine. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Baxi, R., Mytton, O. T., Abid, M., Maduma-Butshe, A., Iyer, S., Ephraim, A., Brown, K. E., O'Moore, E. Tags: Life course [amp ] epidemiology Source Type: research

Migration and determinants of health: clinical epidemiological characteristics of migrants in Malta (2010-11)
Conclusions Immigrants have a lower morbidity burden compared with their fellow countrymen living in the origin country. However, living conditions during the journey, in transit countries and after arrival can influence their health status. The present study provides a comprehensive picture of this growing population that is in need for health promotion, mental health services and fair policy planning. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Padovese, V., Egidi, A. M., Melillo Fenech, T., Podda Connor, M., Didero, D., Costanzo, G., Mirisola, C. Tags: Wider determinants Source Type: research

Associations between observed neighborhood characteristics and physical activity: findings from a multiethnic urban community
Conclusions These findings suggest that sidewalk improvements and reductions in physical disorder in urban communities may promote greater equity in physical activity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Kwarteng, J. L., Schulz, A. J., Mentz, G. B., Zenk, S. N., Opperman, A. A. Tags: Wider determinants Source Type: research

The vulnerability of being ill informed: the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement and Global Public Health
The Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA) is a regional trade agreement currently being negotiated by 11 Pacific Rim countries, excluding China. While the negotiations are being conducted under a veil of secrecy, substantive leaks over the past 4 years have revealed a broad view of the proposed contents. As it stands the TPPA poses serious risks to global public health, particularly chronic, non-communicable diseases. At greatest risk are national tobacco regulations, regulations governing the emergence of generic drugs and controls over food imports by transnational corporations. Aside from a small group of public he...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Greenberg, H., Shiau, S. Tags: Wider determinants Source Type: research

Looking upstream for influences on socioeconomic inequalities in health
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Schrecker, T., Milne, E. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Does lifestyle matter when deciding on copayment for health care? A survey of the general public
Conclusion Health policy makers may notice that several but not all unhealthy behaviors described in the survey are criteria that are accepted for the introduction of copayments. Furthermore, some groups of society may be more strongly opposed to respective policy measures than others. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Dementia considered? Safety-relevant communication between health care settings: a systematic review
Conclusion There are several options for improving safety-relevant handover communication between settings, but strong evidence is still lacking, particularly for PwD. Research involving PwD should include topics such as the role of advanced nurse practitioners (APN), the information needs of everyone involved in the handover and appropriate involvement of informal caregivers. Responsibilities in care should be defined and specific communication processes implemented. Further investigation and application of Naylor et al.’s (2007) transitional care model could be particularly helpful in dementia research. ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Clustering of chronic disease behavioral risk factors among adolescents in Crete (Greece): associations with biological factors and cardiorespiratory fitness levels
Abstract Aim To assess the clustering of behavioral risk factors (BRFs) for chronic noncommunicable diseases and their association with biological factors and cardiorespiratory fitness levels among adolescents in Crete, Greece. Subjects and methods Among 589 adolescents aged 14.0–16.6 years, five BRFs (smoking, physical inactivity, sedentary behavior, alcohol consumption, high body weight) were estimated, and a clustering score of 0, 1, 2 or 3+ BRFs was calculated. Biological factors (blood pressure, blood glucose, serum lipids) ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The role of sense of community belonging on unmet health care needs in Ontario, Canada: findings from the 2012 Canadian community health survey
Conclusion The findings of this study emphasize the need to develop health-care policies and programs that appropriate and meet the needs of individuals with different health-related problems alongside the need to increase sense of community belonging. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Internet use among mothers of young children in Norway—a survey of Internet habits and perceived parental competence when caring for a sick child
Conclusion The Internet is the main source of child health information for Norwegian mothers of young children, and usage seems mainly independent of maternal age, education, perceived competence and self-efficacy, and the degree of satisfaction with traditional health services. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Work load and health impairments of inpatient nursing care personnel with particular focus on the care of people with dementia
Conclusion Managers have various instruments at their disposal to reduce the employees’ individually experienced burdens and strains. By specifically influencing the factors identified within the framework of the present analysis, managers - particularly those at the ward-level - can reduce the level of subjective experienced burdens. These opportunities should be seized in order to maintain the employees’ ability and willingness to work in the long term. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Relationship of parental health-related behaviours and physical fitness in girls and boys
Conclusion This study shows that parental health-related behaviours and self-efficacy to encourage their children to be active affect children’s PF. Influencing factors, however, differ in girls and boys, and mothers seem especially influential. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Gender differences among homeless people in Tehran, Iran
Conclusion This study showed notable differences in behaviour patterns between homeless men and women and also indicated that homeless people in Tehran exhibit many risky behaviours. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Zinc deficiency in a semiurban Nigerian community: prevalence and relationship with socioeconomic status and indices of metabolic syndrome
Abstract Aim The main objectives of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of zinc deficiency in a semiurban community in Nigeria and to determine its relationship with the socioeconomic status and indices of metabolic syndrome in that community. Subjects and method Serum zinc concentrations were measured in 212 subjects during a community health screening programme. We determined zinc deficiency in the subjects using a normal reference range for serum zinc of 8–20 μmol/l. Results Two h...
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Overweight and obesity in primary school: native children versus migrant children
Conclusion Parental BMI is an important predictor of a child’s BMI. However, socioeconomic position is not. Because children of non-Western migrant origin are at higher risk for overweight and obesity, insight into differences in both physical activity and energy intake as well as how these behaviors relate to cultural contrasts in parental beliefs and practices is needed. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Families influence your health!
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Erratum to: Long-term efficacy of an attachment-based parental training program for single mothers and their children: a randomized controlled trial
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Duration of untreated illness and predictors of late treatment initiation in anorexia nervosa
Conclusion A substantial time passes between the onset of the disorder and the beginning of recommended treatment in AN patients due to external (e.g. health insurance status) and internal (lack of insight into the disorder) reasons. Public health interventions are needed and should be optimised to be specific to target groups (e.g. according to age, parents and/or peers) to improve awareness of AN, facilitate insight into the disorder, increase knowledge about treatment options and the motivation to initiate treatment as well as to optimize patient flow into specialist care. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 23, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Tuberculosis in Antananarivo Renivohitra district of Madagascar: communication challenges
Conclusion In the District of Antananarivo Renivohitra, the population’s knowledge about TB symptoms and prevention is poor. Our results can be used to improve communication strategies to fight against TB, and all stakeholders should work together to prevent this disease. Information, education, and communication are thus vital to facilitate the main goal: changing behaviour. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 23, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Psychological distress in rural Australia: regional variation and the role of family functioning and social support
Conclusion The findings suggest that individuals in remote locations are more reliant on their family/confidants for their mental health than those in more populated areas. Future research will consider whether this simply reflects differences in the accessibility of formal health services or broader social and cultural differences. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 11, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Binge drinking and experiences of victimization among adolescents: findings of a nationwide representative study in Germany
Conclusion Binge drinking poses a challenge to suitable prevention strategies which should affect not only further causative factors and consequences of binge drinking but also forms of victimization. Furthermore, prevention strategies should include approaches to help children and adolescents identify forms of victimization and adverse events and cope with them. Although there are close relations between experiences of victimization and binge drinking, the question as to the cause and effect cannot finally be answered with the data available. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 5, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Erratum to: Reliability and validity of a global question on self-reported chronic morbidity
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 30, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Utilization of maternal health care services and reproductive health complications in Assam, India
Conclusion The study concludes that use of intensive health-care services reduces health complications. Therefore, it is necessary to improve community awareness on maternal health to motivate women to use more antenatal care services to reduce health complications during the reproductive time span. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Editorial
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Changes in socioeconomic determinants of health: comparing the effect of social and economic indicators through European welfare state regimes
Conclusion These findings support the existence of a contextual effect among welfare states that varies the impact of social and economic indicators in self-rated health over time. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 1, 2014 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Cochrane Update: Predicting sustainability of intervention effects in public health evidence: identifying key elements to provide guidance
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Whelan, J., Love, P., Pettman, T., Doyle, J., Booth, S., Smith, E., Waters, E. Tags: Updates Source Type: research

NICE Update: NICE public health guidance update
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Carmona, C., Ellis, S., Haynes, C., Morgan, A., Shearn, P., Swann, C. Tags: Updates Source Type: research

A review of economic evaluations of behavior change interventions: setting an agenda for research methods and practice
Conclusions Based on the findings of this review we propose an agenda for improving future evidence to support decision-making. Recommendations for practice include improving reporting of essential study details and increasing adherence with good practice standards. Recommendations for research methods focus on mapping out complex causal pathways for modeling, developing measures to capture broader domains of wellbeing and community outcomes, testing methods for considering equity, identifying relevant non-health sector costs and advancing methods for evidence synthesis. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Alayli-Goebbels, A. F. G., Evers, S. M. A. A., Alexeeva, D., Ament, A. J. H. A., de Vries, N. K., Tilly, J. C., Severens, J. L. Tags: Methods Source Type: research

Public health research in the UK: a report with a European perspective
Conclusions Strategic coordination between public health researchers and practitioners, and the UK research councils, ministries of health and medical charities would strengthen research for policy and practice. With growing expertise and capacity across other EU countries, the UK should take more active leadership in European collaboration. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: McCarthy, M., Dyakova, M., Clarke, A. Tags: Methods Source Type: research

Mosaic segmentation, COPD and CHF multimorbidity and hospital admission costs: a clinical linkage study
Conclusions CHF and COPD multimorbidity is associated with high costs, and average hospital admission costs vary by Mosaic segmentation. Multimorbidity and Mosaic provide an innovative basis for developing and targeting healthcare interventions in high-hospital-cost patients. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Doos, L., Uttley, J., Onyia, I., Iqbal, Z., Jones, P. W., Kadam, U. T. Tags: Interventions (services) Source Type: research

National health insurance and life satisfaction in late life: longitudinal findings from a natural experiment in Taiwan
This study used data from the Taiwan Longitudinal Study on Aging, a nationally representative sample (n = 3778) of older adults aged 60 and above. Participants were interviewed prior to the establishment of NHI and on multiple occasions thereafter over the next 18 years. Growth curve models were employed to estimate the NHI effects on life satisfaction across various pre-NHI insurance groups over time while taking concurrent medical care utilization and health status into consideration. Results While somewhat complex and explained in detail herein, multivariate analyses found a significant increase in life satisfaction am...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Chiao, C., Ksobiech, K., Wei, C.-Y. Tags: Interventions (services) Source Type: research

The impact of morbidity trajectories on identifying high-cost cases: using Taiwan's National Health Insurance as an example
Conclusions In identifying high-cost cases, adding morbidity trajectories might be necessary only for less comprehensive risk adjustment models, and its contributions came from higher c-statistics and increasing medical utilization of predicted groups. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Chang, H.-Y. Tags: Interventions (services) Source Type: research

Distance to screening site and non-participation in screening for breast cancer: a population-based study
Conclusions A long road distance to the screening site was associated with an increased risk of non-participation. Women without access to a vehicle were at higher risk of non-participation than women who had access to a vehicle. Keywords: cancer, screening, transport. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Jensen, L. F., Pedersen, A. F., Andersen, B., Fenger-Gron, M., Vedsted, P. Tags: Interventions (preventive) Source Type: research

Implementing risk-stratified screening for common cancers: a review of potential ethical, legal and social issues
Conclusions The scope and breadth of these issues suggest that ELSI relating to risk-stratified screening will become increasingly important for policy-makers, healthcare professionals and a wide diversity of stakeholders. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Hall, A. E., Chowdhury, S., Hallowell, N., Pashayan, N., Dent, T., Pharoah, P., Burton, H. Tags: Interventions (preventive) Source Type: research

Promoting mental wellbeing: developing a theoretically and empirically sound complex intervention
Conclusions The revised UKMRC framework can be successfully applied to the development of public health interventions. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Millar, S. L., Donnelly, M. Tags: Interventions (preventive) Source Type: research

Exploring the public health potential of a mass community participation event
Conclusions Preliminary evidence suggests that parkrun is attractive to non-runners, with women, older adults and overweight people well represented. The observed fitness improvements and perceived benefits indicate the scope for investigating the effectiveness of parkrun as a cost-effective community-based intervention for improving public health. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Stevinson, C., Hickson, M. Tags: Interventions (preventive) Source Type: research

Regular self-weighing to promote weight maintenance after intentional weight loss: a quasi-randomized controlled trial
Conclusions Encouraging people who have recently lost weight to weigh themselves regularly prevents some weight regain. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Madigan, C. D., Aveyard, P., Jolly, K., Denley, J., Lewis, A., Daley, A. J. Tags: Interventions (preventive) Source Type: research

The use of financial incentives to help improve health outcomes: is the quality and outcomes framework fit for purpose? A systematic review
Conclusion The QOF has limited impact on improving health outcomes due to its focus on process-based indicators and the indicators' ceiling thresholds. Further research is required to strengthen the quality of evidence available on the QOF's impact on population health to ensure that the incentive scheme is both clinically and cost-effective. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Langdown, C., Peckham, S. Tags: Interventions (preventive) Source Type: research

A Toolkit to assess health needs for congenital disorders in low- and middle-income countries: an instrument for public health action
Conclusions The Toolkit enables users without epidemiological or public health expertise to undertake health needs assessment as a prerequisite for strategic planning in relation to congenital disorders in their country or region. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2014 Category: Health Management Authors: Nacul, L. C., Stewart, A., Alberg, C., Chowdhury, S., Darlison, M. W., Grollman, C., Hall, A., Modell, B., Moorthie, S., Sagoo, G. S., Burton, H. Tags: Life course [amp ] epidemiology Source Type: research