Health and Socio-Cultural Experiences of Refugee Women: An Integrative Review
Abstract Approximately half of the global refugee population are women, yet they remain largely understudied from the perspective of gender. The aim of this review was to investigate the impact of refugee women’s resettlement and socio-cultural experiences on their health. This review also explored factors promoting resilience in refugee women. Eight databases were searched for peer-reviewed manuscripts published from 2005 to 2014. Grey literature was also reviewed. Data were extracted for population, data collection methods, data analysis, and findings. The Resource-Based Model was used as an overarching fr...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Emotional and Behavioral Disorders in 1.5th Generation, 2nd Generation Immigrant Children, and Foreign Adoptees
Abstract Existing theories (e.g., acculturative stress theory) cannot adequately explain why mental disorders in immigrants are less prevalent than in non-immigrants. In this paper, the culture-gene co-evolutionary theory of mental disorders was utilized to generate a novel hypothesis that connection to heritage culture reduces the risk for mental disorders in immigrant children. Four groups of children aged 2–17 years were identified from the 2007 United States National Survey of Children’s Health: 1.5th generation immigrant children (n = 1378), 2nd generation immigrant children (n ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Depression and Chronic Health Conditions Among Latinos: The Role of Social Networks
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the “buffering hypothesis” of social network characteristics in the association between chronic conditions and depression among Latinos. Cross-sectional self-report data from the San Diego Prevention Research Center’s community survey of Latinos were used (n = 393). Separate multiple logistic regression models tested the role of chronic conditions and social network characteristics in the likelihood of moderate-to-severe depressive symptoms. Having a greater proportion of the network comprised of friends increased the likelihood of depre...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Weight-Related Eating Among Less-Acculturated Latina College Students
This study examined body mass index (BMI), body image, and various facets of emotional distress as contributors to weight-related eating among less-acculturated female Latina college students. It was hypothesized that unique combinations of BMI, body image, depression, anxiety, and stress would predict routine restraint, compensatory restraint, susceptibility to external cues, and emotional eating in less-acculturated Latina college students. Participants were 141 college students from a rural region in southeastern California who completed questionnaires. Preoccupation with being overweight, a body-image variable, signifi...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Diabetes Among United States-Bound Adult Refugees, 2009–2014
We reported diabetes prevalence among all US-bound adult refugees and assessed factors associated with disease. We analyzed overseas medical evaluations of US-bound refugees from 2009 through 2014 by using CDC’s Electronic Disease Notification System. We identified refugees with diabetes by searching for diabetes-related keywords and medications in examination forms with text-parsing techniques. Age-adjusted prevalence rates were reported and factors associated with diabetes were assessed by using logistic regression. Of 248,850 refugees aged ≥18 years examined over 5 years, 5767 (2.3 %) had diabete...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Dietary Profiles of First-Generation South Asian Indian Adolescents in the United States
This study aimed to describe the dietary profile and health characteristics of first-generation South Asian Indian (SAI) adolescents in the United States because SAIs have a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, and dietary risk factors for those diseases begin in youth. A descriptive cross-sectional design was used to examine age, gender, usual dietary intake, body composition, blood pressure, blood glucose, and length of residency among 56 first-generation, urban SAI adolescents. Intake of saturated fat exceeded recommendations for all participants, and potassium, magnesium, calcium, vitamin D, and fibe...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Modeling the Influence of Early Skin-to-Skin Contact on Exclusive Breastfeeding in a Sample of Hispanic Immigrant Women
Abstract Using data from a longitudinal study of breastfeeding in Hispanics, this study evaluated the influence of early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) on initiation and sustained exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) at 1 month postpartum. Two-thirds of the women in the sample participated in early SSC. At discharge, over half of the women were EBF; this proportion decreased to one-third at 1 month postpartum. Controlling for demographic and clinical variables in the model, participation in early SSC was associated with a greater than sevenfold increase in the odds of EBF at discharge (p = .005) but was n...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Does CenteringPregnancy Group Prenatal Care Affect the Birth Experience of Underserved Women? A Mixed Methods Analysis
We examined the birth experience of immigrant and minority women and how CenteringPregnancy (Centering), a model of group prenatal care and childbirth education, influenced that experience. In-depth interviews and surveys were conducted with a sample of racially diverse Centering participants about their birth experiences. Interview transcripts were analyzed thematically. Study participants (n = 34) were primarily low-income, Spanish-speaking immigrants with an average age of 29.7. On a scale from 1 (not satisfied) to 10 (very satisfied), women reported high satisfaction with birth (9.0) and care (9.3). In interv...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 4, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Needs of Patients with Schizophrenia Among an Ethnic Minority Group in Latin America
Abstract The aim of the study is to describe the need profile of outpatients with schizophrenia belonging to an Aymara ethnic group in Latin-America and to compare that profile to non-Aymara patients. A sample of 253 patients were evaluated with the Two-Way Communication Checklist (2-COM Checklist) measuring the needs and satisfaction of the patient; Positive and Negative Syndrome scale for Schizophrenia (PANSS) and Attitude to the Drugs (DAI-10). No significant differences were found between Aymara and non-Aymara, either in the total number of needs or in the subscales of satisfaction or in the types of needs. Af...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 2, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Acculturation Strategies Among South Asian Immigrants: The Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) Study
This study applied a widely-used theoretical framework from cross-cultural psychology to identify acculturation strategies among South Asian immigrants in the US and to examine sociodemographic correlates of acculturation strategies. Data were from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America study. We used latent class analysis to identify groups of individuals that were similar based on cultural attitudes and behaviors. We used latent class regression analysis to examine sociodemographic correlates of acculturation strategies. We found that South Asian immigrants employed three acculturation strateg...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Association Among Subtypes of Bullying Status and Sexually-Risky Behaviors of Urban African American Adolescents in Chicago
Abstract Bullying is found to be associated with various negative psychosocial outcomes. However, few studies have explored the association between bullying involvement and sexually-risky behaviors. Youth were recruited from three high schools, one youth church group, two community youth programs, and four public venues. Six hundred-and-thirty-eight urban African American adolescents (aged 12-22) in Chicago completed a self-report questionnaire. Major findings indicated that males were more likely than females to have sex with someone in exchange for drugs. Bullying perpetration, victimization, and perpetration&nd...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 25, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Healthy Immigrant Paradox and Child Maltreatment: A Systematic Review
Abstract Prior studies suggest that foreign-born individuals have a health advantage, referred to as the Healthy Immigrant Paradox, when compared to native-born persons of the same socio-economic status. This systematic review examined whether the immigrant advantage found in health literature is mirrored by child maltreatment in general and its forms in particular. The author searched Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, CINAHL PLUS, Family and Society Studies Worldwide, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, Social Work Abstracts, and SocINdex for published literature through December 2015. The review followed an evidence-based Pr...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 25, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Association of Smoking with English and Spanish Language Use as a Proxy of Acculturation Among Mexican-Americans
Abstract To better characterize the relation of acculturation, based on language use, to smoking status among Mexican-Americans. A large study sample from an ongoing cohort of Mexican-Americans’ households in Texas was stratified into current smokers and non-smokers. Four language-use groups were created based on Low/High use of Spanish and English, representing different degrees of acculturation. Participants who reported high English but low Spanish use had the highest smoking prevalence (20.1 %), followed by High English/High Spanish (13.6 %), Low English/High Spanish (8.7 %), and Low Engli...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 25, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Legal Problems Surrounding Medical Care for Neonates Born to International Students: Report of Two Families in Japan
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

A Review of Research on Health Outcomes for Workers, Home and Host Communities of Population Mobility Associated with Extractive Industries
Abstract With a growing awareness of the association between extractive industries, the nature of work in remote locations, population mobility and health status, there is a need to advance an evidence-based approach to ensuring the health of migrant and mobile populations, and the home and host communities with whom they interact. Through a narrative synthesis of peer-reviewed and grey literature, this review examines what is known, and the nature of research activity concerning the range of health impacts determined by the social conditions inherent with population mobility alongside mining and extractive indust...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 22, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Association of Acculturation and Health Literacy with Prevalent Dysglycemia and Diabetes Control Among Latinos in the Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey
This study assessed the effect of acculturation on type 2 diabetes and whether health literacy may mediate this association. The Boston Area Community Health cohort is a multi-stage stratified random sample of adults from Boston including 744 Latinos. We defined dysglycemia as a HbA1c ≥5.7 %. Multivariable analyses examined the associations between acculturation and health literacy adjusting for demographic and clinical variables. Similar analyses were performed among participants with HbA1c ≥7.0 % to assess the association between acculturation and diabetes control. Among an insured primarily foreign born ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 22, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Psychosocial Factors Associated with Subclinical Atherosclerosis in South Asians: The MASALA Study
Abstract South Asians have the highest rates of premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease amongst all ethnic groups in the world; however this risk cannot be fully explained by traditional risk factors. Participants from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America Study were included in this cross-sectional analysis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of psychosocial factors (including anger, anxiety, depressive symptoms, current and chronic stress, and everyday hassles) with carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). Three multivariate models were examined to e...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 20, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Subjective Social Status and Self-Reported Health Among US-born and Immigrant Latinos
Abstract Subjective social status is associated with a range of health outcomes. Few studies have tested the relevance of subjective social status among Latinos in the U.S.; those that have yielded mixed results. Data come from the Latino subsample of the 2003 National Latino and Asian American Study (N = 2554). Regression models adjusted for socioeconomic and demographic factors. Stratified analyses tested whether nativity status modifies the effect of subjective social status on health. Subjective social status was associated with better health. Income and education mattered more for health than subjec...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 19, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

AIDS Service Organization Access Among African, Caribbean and Other Black Residents of an Average Canadian City
Abstract Due to heightened vulnerability to HIV/AIDS, African, Caribbean and Black (ACB) communities are priority groups for prevention and intervention services in Canada. However, it is not clear which factors may affect ACB communities’ access to these services. We evaluated access to the local AIDS service organization (ASO) in Middlesex-London by using data from the Black, African and Caribbean Canadian Health Study. Modified Poisson regression was used to obtain prevalence risk ratios for factors associated with three measures of access: familiarity with the ASO, willingness to access, and realized...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 19, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Catalonian Expert Patient Programme for Chagas Disease: An Approach to Comprehensive Care Involving Affected Individuals
Abstract The Catalonian Expert Patient Programme on Chagas disease is a initiative, which is part of the Chronic Disease Programme. It aims to boost responsibility of patients for their own health and to promote self-care. The programme is based on nine sessions conducted by an expert patient. Evaluation was focusing in: habits and lifestyle/self-care, knowledge of disease, perception of health, self-esteem, participant satisfaction, and compliance with medical follow-up visits. Eighteen participants initiated the programme and 15 completed it. The participants were Bolivians. The 66.7 % of them had been diag...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 19, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Role of Ethnicity and Acculturation in Preoperative Distress in Parents of Children Undergoing Surgery
This study examined the effects of acculturation on anxiety and stress in Latino and non-Latino white parents of children undergoing outpatient surgery. Participants included 686 parent–child dyads from four major children’s hospitals in the United States. Latino parents who grew up in the U.S. reported higher levels of anxiety (p = 0.009) and stress (p 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 19, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Postpartum Pain in the Community Among Migrant and Non-migrant Women in Canada
Abstract International migrant women of childbearing age represent a large proportion of immigrants to high-income countries, yet research focusing on their postpartum health is limited. We investigated predictive factors for breast and non-breast pain 1 week post-birth in migrant and non-migrant women in Canada. Among migrant women, difficulty accessing health services; being from a middle-or high-income country; poor functionality in English and French; living with the father of their infant; and having no regular care provider were predictive of breast pain. Among non-migrant women, difficulties accessing ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Undocumented Immigrant Women in Spain: A Scoping Review on Access to and Utilization of Health and Social Services
Abstract This scoping review summarizes and analyzes relevant studies related to the evidence published on undocumented immigrant women’s access to and utilization of health and social services in Spain. Scientific literature was identified by entering search terms in seven electronic databases which combined retrieved health sciences peer-reviewed articles (Pubmed, Embase, CINAHL Plus and Scopus) and grey literature databases (Europa OpenGrey, DART-Europe and Google Scholar) published between 2004 and 2014 and written in Spanish or in English presenting data about Spain. Those that fulfill the inclusion...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 15, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Gender Differences in the Incidence of Depression Among Immigrants and Natives in Aragón, Spain
Abstract Knowledge of depression among immigrants within Spanish primary care is limited. This database study investigates the incidence of depressive disorders among immigrants and natives within primary care in Aragón (Spain). Participants were patients registered in an electronic record register, aged above 20 years diagnosed with depression. Incidence of depression was calculated and compared per continent of origin, gender and age with the Mann-Whitney U test and the Kruskal–Wallis test. The population consisted of 11,088 patients with depression of whom 93.0 % natives and 7.0 % im...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 15, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Social Environmental Influences on Smoking and Cessation: Qualitative Perspectives Among Chinese-Speaking Smokers and Nonsmokers in California
Abstract This qualitative study examines the social environmental influences on smoking and cessation from the perspectives of Chinese smokers and household nonsmokers in California. Seven focus groups were conducted with 63 participants. Three culturally influenced levels of potential intervention emerged from constant comparative analysis. At the individual level, participants focused more on irritating odor than health harms of exposure and had inaccurate beliefs about harms of smoking and cessation. At the relational level, peers kept smokers connected to pro-smoking norms. There was conflict in the home about...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 12, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Effect of Language on the Discharge Process in a Pediatric Emergency Department
Abstract Health disparities linked to language have been clearly described in the literature. However, little is known about potential disparities in care related to language in the Pediatric Emergency Department (PED). This was a cross-sectional observational study using convenience sampling of English and Spanish PED discharges before and after electronic medical record (EMR) implementation. There were minimal differences between English and Spanish-speaking families in interactional elements and basic dialogue during discharge. Yet Spanish-speaking families had longer wait times to discharge once the decision t...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 12, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Food Hardship and Obesity in a Sample of Low-Income Immigrants
Abstract Very little work has examined the relationship between food hardship (having inconsistent financial resources to buy food) and obesity among immigrant groups. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a low-income, multi-racial/ethnic adult sample in greater Boston, MA (n = 828). Modified Poisson regression models estimated the association between food hardship obesity (BMI ≥ 30) among adults reporting food hardship; interactions were tested by place of birth. Body mass index (BMI) was based on anthropometric height and weight. In adjusted models, those experiencing food hardship wer...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 12, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Length of Residence and Vehicle Ownership in Relation to Physical Activity Among U.S. Immigrants
Abstract Physical activity among U.S. immigrants over time is not well understood. Transportation may affect this trajectory. Using a survey of documented immigrants (N = 7240), we performed simple, then multivariable logistic regression to calculate ORs and 95 % CIs between length of residence (LOR) and both light-to-moderate (LPA) and vigorous (VPA) activity. We adjusted for demographic variables, then vehicle ownership to assess changes in ORs. Compared to new arrivals, all four LOR time-intervals were associated with lower odds of LPA and higher odds of VPA in simple analysis. All ORs for LPA re...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Awareness of Hepatitis C Virus Seropositivity and Chronic Infection in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)
We report awareness of HCV seropositivity and chronic infection and correlates of awareness in a multi-city (Bronx, Miami, Chicago, and San Diego) community-dwelling population sample of United States (US) Hispanics/Latinos recruited during 2008–2011. Included were 260 HCV-seropositive participants, among whom 190 had chronic HCV. Among those with chronic HCV, 46 % had been told by a doctor that they had liver disease and 32 % had been told that they had HCV-related liver disease. Among those with chronic HCV who also lacked health insurance (37 % of those with chronic HCV), only 8 % had been told...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Association Between Postnatal Depression, Acculturation and Mother–Infant Bond Among Eritrean Asylum Seekers in Israel
We examined the association between postnatal depression (PND), acculturation and mother–infant bond among 38 Eritrean asylum seekers in Israel, who were within 6 months of delivery. Participants completed a survey in their native language. A high rate of women (81.6 %) met the clinical threshold for PND on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Higher severity of PND (partial r = −.64, p 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Is Migration Affecting Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment and Control of Hypertension of Men in Kerala, India?
Abstract We assessed hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control among male gulf migrant and non-migrant workers in Kerala state of India. We did a cross sectional survey of 191 migrant and 193 non-migrant men aged 25–64 years selected using a multistage random sampling method. Using World Health Organization STEPS approach, we collected information on demographics, STEP 1 variables and measured STEP-2 variables. Multivariate analysis was used to find the relation between migration and hypertension. Age adjusted hypertension prevalence was 57.6 % among migrants and 31.7 % amo...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Emergency Room Visits by Uninsured Child and Adult Residents in Ontario, Canada: What Diagnoses, Severity and Visit Disposition Reveal About the Impact of Being Uninsured
Abstract Canadian immigrants can be without health insurance for many reasons but limited data exists regarding uninsured health outcomes. Uninsured Canadian residents were identified in the National Ambulatory Care Reporting System for all visits to emergency departments in Ontario, Canada between 2002/3 and 2010/11 (N = 44,489,750). Frequencies for main diagnoses, severity (triage), and visit disposition were compared. Ambulatory care sensitive conditions were identified in a 10 % subsample. The uninsured (N = 140,730; 0.32 %) were more likely to be diagnosed with mental health ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Stability of Household and Housing Characteristics Among Farmworker Families in North Carolina: Implications for Health
Abstract Household and housing stability are important for health and well-being of individuals, particularly children. This analysis examines stability in household and housing over 2 years for North Carolina farmworker families with children. Mothers with a child aged 2–4 years in farmworker families (n = 248) completed interviews over 2 years. Household measures included number of adults and children, moves, and spouse absence. Housing measures included tenure, persons per bedroom, and kitchen facilities. Household and housing characteristics for participants retained in the study...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 8, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Coming of Age on the Margins: Mental Health and Wellbeing Among Latino Immigrant Young Adults Eligible for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)
Abstract Undocumented immigrant young adults growing up in the United States face significant challenges. For those qualified, the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program’s protections may alleviate stressors, with implications for their mental health and wellbeing (MHWB). We conducted nine focus groups with 61 DACA-eligible Latinos (ages 18–31) in California to investigate their health needs. Participants reported MHWB as their greatest health concern and viewed DACA as beneficial through increasing access to opportunities and promoting belonging and peer support. Participants found ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Breast Cancer Screening Paved with Good Intentions: Application of the Information–Motivation–Behavioral Skills Model to Racial/Ethnic Minority Women
Abstract Racial/ethnic minority women experience disparities in breast cancer. Studies suggest that this may be partly related to later stage of diagnosis. Adherence to breast cancer screening guidelines is frequently lower in racial/ethnic minority populations, which may contribute to this disparity. The purpose of this study was to examine the predictors of intentions to obtain breast cancer screening based on established guidelines using the information–motivation–behavioral skills model. Data for this study were obtained from the community-based Kin KeeperSM Cancer Prevention Intervention study and...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Focus Group Study of Chinese International Students’ Knowledge and Beliefs About HPV Vaccination, Before and After Reading an Informational Pamphlet About Gardasil ®
In conclusion, HPV vaccine should be further promoted alongside sex education among CIS. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 1, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Association Between the Hypertriglyceridemic Waist Phenotype, Prediabetes, and Diabetes Mellitus Among Adults in Puerto Rico
This study assessed the association of the hypertriglyceridemic waist (HTGW) phenotype with prediabetes and diabetes (DM) in a group of Hispanics. Analysis of a cross-sectional study of 858 adults residing in Puerto Rico that collected data on blood pressure, biochemical, and anthropometric measurements was performed. HTGW phenotype was defined as elevated triglycerides and elevated waist circumference. Prediabetes was defined as a fasting glucose of 100–125 mg/dL and DM as a fasting glucose ≥126 mg/dL or prior diagnosis. Prevalence of HTGW, prediabetes, and DM was 27.9, 38.0, and 21.6 %, respective...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Glycemic Control in US Immigrant and Nonimmigrant Black Youth with Type 1 Diabetes
Abstract Differences in glycemic control based on race have been reported in pediatric populations with type 1 diabetes (T1D). It is unknown if differences exist between pediatric populations within the same race classification. This retrospective study identified all immigrant and nonimmigrant Black youth diagnosed with T1D and treated at Seattle Children’s Hospital from 2001 to 2011. Demographic characteristics and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels at 12, 24, and 36 months post diagnosis were obtained from existing medical records. Immigrant youth had lower mean HbA1c levels at all three time points. The...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

HIV Stigma, Testing Attitudes and Health Care Access Among African-Born Men Living in the United States
Abstract The purpose of this study was to describe HIV-testing attitudes, HIV related stigma and health care access in African-born men taking part in the African Health Cup (AHC), a soccer tournament held annually to improve HIV awareness and testing. Venue sampling was used to collect survey and qualitative interview data related to HIV-testing attitudes, stigma and experiences associated with the AHC. The sample included 135 survey respondents and 27 interview participants. AHC participants were successfully accessing health care services. Although the AHC was viewed positively, HIV testing rates remain low du...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Validation of a Sun Exposure Questionnaire Among Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes Residing in South Florida
Abstract To validate a sun exposure questionnaire against objective measures of change in skin color and to assess its validity in predicting 25(OH)D in a sample of African Americans and Hispanics with type 2 diabetes. Ninety subjects were enrolled. The sun exposure score was calculated by multiplying the time spent outdoors times the skin exposed score. Skin color was determined by reflectance colorimetry. The relationship between serum 25(OH)D, skin exposure score and stomach skin color was evaluated by a multi-linear regression model. The unadjusted model showed that skin exposure score (P = 0.037), ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Association Between Ambient Levels of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Small for Gestational Age Hispanic Infants Born Along the United States-Mexico Border
Abstract Few studies have examined associations between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and birth outcomes, and no studies have been conducted in El Paso County Texas, along the United States-Mexico border. Infants born from 2005–2007 to Hispanic mothers with a birth weight less than the 10th percentile for gestational age and sex were classified as small for gestational age (SGA). PAH exposures were estimated for the entire period of gestation and for each trimester of pregnancy using ambient air monitoring data from 2004–2007. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios for the asso...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Age at Immigration and Kidney Function among Self-Identified Healthy Africans in the United States
Abstract Kidney disease disparately affects those of African descent. Age trends have generally been established for kidney function in the overall US population, but the contribution of age at the time of immigration for African immigrants is unknown. To examine the independent and joint effects of age and age at the time of immigration, and kidney function. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated for 93 African immigrants (60 % male; mean age = 33.5). Hierarchical regression and post hoc analyses revealed a significant age × age at the time of immigration in...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Assessment of the Nutritional Status of Sudanese Primary School Pupils in Riyadh City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Abstract The study was conducted in Saudi Arabia to assess the nutritional status of primary school Sudanese pupils and explore its’ correlates. Anthropometric measurements of 400 (200 males and 200 females) students of age 6–12 were taken. Their daily food intake was assessed using food frequency and 24 h recall method. Data about the socio-economic characteristics of the students’ families was collected through personal interview using a questionnaire. The study revealed that 31 and 8.75 % of the respondents suffer from underweight and overweight, respectively. The respondents&rs...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Dermatoses in Latin American Immigrant Children Seen in a Universitary Hospital of Spain
Abstract Over the past 10 years Spain has become an important immigrant receiver country as the proximity with Africa and the cultural facilities with Latino-American countries have made of Spain a very attractive place to settle down for immigrants. From 1st January 2007 to 31st December 2007, all the pediatric patients visits (0–14 years old) seen in the units of the Dermatology Section of the University General Hospital of Alicante (Spain) were prospectively recorded. During the study period 3,108 visits were recorded. Of these, 447 (14.3 %) were generated by immigrant children, 243 (54.3&...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Erratum to: Evaluating the Impact of Immigration Policies on Health Status Among Undocumented Immigrants: A Systematic Review
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Ethnic Variation in Lipid Profile and Its Associations with Body Composition and Diet: Differences Between Iranians, Indians and Caucasians Living in Australia
In conclusion, ethnicity was a strong predictor of serum lipids, except LDL-chol which was significantly determined by dietary fat intake. Prevention and management of obesity, particularly abdominal adiposity may effectively reduce the risk of low HDL-chol reported in Iranians and Indians. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 13, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

An Investigation into Suicides Among Bhutanese Refugees Resettled in the United States Between 2008 and 2011
Abstract An increase of Bhutanese refugee suicides were reported in the US between 2009 and 2012. This investigation examined these reported suicides in depth to gain a better understanding of factors associated with suicide within this population. The study employed 14 psychological autopsies to elicit underlying motivations and circumstances for self-inflicted death and to identify potential future avenues for prevention and intervention among refugee communities. Disappointment with current (un)employment, lack of resettlement services and social support, and frustrations with separation from family were believ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 12, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Measurement of Perceived and Technical Quality of Care for Depression in Racially and Ethnically Diverse Groups
This study examined the relationship between the culturally determined beliefs and expectations of four ERD groups (African Americans, Latinos, Portuguese-speakers, and Haitians, total N = 160) and the technical quality of treatment for depression provided in four “culturally-specific” primary care clinics. Using data from the Experiences of Care and Health Outcomes survey, chart reviews and focus groups, the study addressed a set of questions related to the psychometric properties of perceived care measures and the technical quality of care. The groups differed in preferred cultural elements except a...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Cumulative Trauma Among Mayas Living in Southeast Florida
Abstract Mayas, having experienced genocide, exile, and severe poverty, are at high risk for the consequences of cumulative trauma that continually resurfaces through current fear of an uncertain future. Little is known about the mental health and alcohol use status of this population. This correlational study explored t/he relationship of cumulative trauma as it relates to social determinants of health (years in the United States, education, health insurance status, marital status, and employment), psychological health (depression symptoms), and health behaviors (alcohol use) of 102 Guatemalan Mayas living in Sou...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 4, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Park-Use Behavior and Perceptions by Race, Hispanic Origin, and Immigrant Status in Minneapolis, MN: Implications on Park Strategies for Addressing Health Disparities
Abstract The study examines the connections between minority status, park use behavior, and park-related perceptions using recent survey data from three low-income neighborhoods in Minneapolis, MN. Blacks and foreign-born residents are found to underutilize parks. Blacks, Asians, and American Indians perceive fewer health benefits of parks than whites, including the benefits of parks for providing exercise/relaxation opportunities and family gathering spaces. Foreign-born residents, blacks, and Hispanics perceive greater and unique barriers to park use in terms of not feeling welcome, cultural and language restric...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 2, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research