Mental Health Status and Service Assessment for Adult Syrian Refugees Resettled in Metropolitan Atlanta: A Cross-Sectional Survey
AbstractBecause little is known about the mental health status of Syrian refugees in the United States, we conducted a survey among a convenience sample of those resettled in Atlanta between March 2011 and 2017. Though home visits, we delivered a questionnaire including standardized instruments (HSCL25 and PTSD-8) to assess symptoms of anxiety, depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. We found high rates of anxiety (60%), depression (44%) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (84%) symptoms; however, only 20% of participants had seen a mental health professional. Reported reasons for not seeking professional help were lac...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cultural Orientation and Psychosocial Adjustment Among Immigrant Adolescents in South Korea
AbstractThe present study primarily uses Berry ’s theoretical model to examine national identity, acculturation (to South Korea), ethnic identity, and enculturation (to country-of-origin), and how they are linked to immigrant adolescents’ aggression and depression in South Korea. Data were collected from 120 immigrant youths (i.e., those bor n in South Korea and those born in their country-of-origin) in eight middle schools. Analyses include multivariate regression and cluster analyses. Findings indicate that South Korean identity (m = 48,F = 77.0,p 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Food Insecurity and the Double Burden of Malnutrition of Indigenous Refugee Épera Siapidara
AbstractThe goal of this paper is to assess food and nutritional security status of an indigenous population who migrated from Colombia to Ecuador. We collected data about the perception of food insecurity, anthropometric and food intake (n  = 104). An analysis multivariate (Generalized Linear Model) we used to know the adequacy to the Dietary Reference Intake (DRI). All the households were food insecure, stunting affected 45.1% of children and adolescents and the 60% were overweight or obese women. Significant differences were obs erved by gender for energy, lipid, carbohydrate, fiber, and iron (p 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Intimate Partner Violence and Help-Seeking Behaviour: A Systematic Review of Cross-Cultural Differences
AbstractIntimate partner violence (IPV) is an issue that affects women across all cultures. It is essential to understand how women could be assisted to prevent and reduce the effects of violence. This systematic review examined studies that made cross-cultural comparisons of differences in help-seeking behaviour of women who have experienced IPV. Databases including the Cochrane Library, PsychInfo and others were searched for literature published between 1988 and 2016. Seventeen articles with a total of 40,904 participants met the inclusion criteria. This review found some differences in the procurement of support across ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk of Colorectal Polyps and Malignancies Among Predominantly Rural Hispanics
AbstractColorectal cancer is the fourth most frequently diagnosed cancer. However, due to variations in diet, it was hypothesized that risk of adenomatous or hyperplastic polyps or malignancies would be lower among Hispanics. Participants (n = 1671) underwent a colonoscopy. Results were grouped into one of four groups: normal, hyperplastic polyps only, adenomatous polyps, and malignancies. As expected, Hispanics had a lower risk of hyperplastic (p = .031, OR = 0.47) and adenomatous polyps (p = .031, OR = 0.66) than non-Hispanic Whites. Comparison between maligna...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dietary Patterns in Chinese Americans are Associated with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors, the Chinese American Cardiovascular Health Assessment (CHA CHA)
The objective of this study was to identify dietary patterns among Chinese American immigrants living in New York City (NYC) and to describe associations with demographic and CVD risk factors. A validated Food Frequency Questionnaire assessed usual dietary intake in Chinese American immigrants living in NYC as part of the Chinese American Cardiovascular Health Assessment (CHA CHA) in 2010 –2011 (n = 1973, age range 21–89 years). Principal components analysis with varimax rotation retaining three factors with eigenvalues >  1.5 identified dietary patterns. Multivariable linear...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Asthma/COPD Disparities in Diagnosis and Basic Care Utilization Among Low-Income Primary Care Patients
This study identified racial/ethnic disparities in the diagnosis of obstructive pulmonary disease between Latinos and non-Hispanic Whites, confirming trends observed in survey research but controlling for important confounders. Health insurance was associated with basic care utilization, suggesting that lack of health insurance could lessen the quality of care for obstructive pulmonary disease in Latino and non-Hispanic white patients. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Workplace Accidents Among Nepali Male Workers in the Middle East and Malaysia: A Qualitative Study
AbstractThere are many Nepali men working in the Middle East and Malaysia and media reports and anecdotal evidence suggest a high risk of workplace-related accidents and injuries for male Nepali workers. Therefore, this study aims to explore the personal experiences of male Nepali migrants of unintentional injuries at their place of work. In-depth, face-to-face interviews (n  = 20) were conducted with male Nepali migrant workers. Study participants were approached at Kathmandu International Airport, hotels and lodges around the airport. Interviews were transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis. Almost ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Events in Iranian Immigrants Versus Other Immigrants from the Middle East
We report the incidence of cardiovascular events, mortality and risk factors (diabetes and hypertension) in immigrants from Iran and in non-Iranian immigrants from the Middle East. Using population-based healthcare administrative data, all immigrants from the Middle East and the non-immigrant population of Ontario, Canada as of July 2012 were identified. Baseline differences in diabetes and hypertension prevalence were compared. Outcomes were ascertained through March 2016 and included the incidence of acute coronary events, ischemic heart disease mortality, all-cause mortality, and incident diabetes and hypertension. The ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychological Distress of Ethnically Diverse Adult Caregivers in the California Health Interview Survey
This study examined factors associated with psychological distress for culturally diverse family caregivers using a population-based sample. Data were analyzed from the 6634 caregivers of adults (i.e. elderly as well as non-elderly) who self-reported as non-Hispanic White, Mexican, Chinese, or Vietnamese in the 2009 California Health Interview Survey. Simple and multiple regression analyses were conducted to assess the potential influence of race/ethnicity, caregiving context, and social contextual variables on psychological distress. Analyses that included moderators showed that while more education was associated with le...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Healthy Living Behaviors Among Chinese –American Preschool-Aged Children: Results of a Parent Survey
AbstractAssociations between diet, physical activity, parenting, and acculturation among Chinese-American children are understudied. Parents/caregivers of children attending child-care programs in Boston Chinatown completed a self-administered survey on demographics, child ’s diet, physical activities, anthropometrics, and parenting practices. Associations were evaluated in multivariable regression analysis, stratified by survey language preference, a proxy for acculturation. Responding Asian families = 132; 86.4% were immigrants; 75.8% completed the Chinese-ver sion survey. Children (mean &plusm...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Depression, Metabolic Syndrome, and Locus of Control in Arab Americans Living in the DC Metropolitan Area: A Structural Equation Model
We examined the relationship between depression and MetS with a convenience sample of 136 Arab Americans living in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area. Participants were surveyed with the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control questionnaire and the Center of Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale. Laboratory measurements were collected based on the components of MetS. A structural equation model was used to explore the relationship between MetS and depression through analysis of LOC. MetS was significantly correlated with external LOC (powerful others and chance), and depression was correlated with a weak internal LO...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acculturation Strategies and Symptoms of Depression: The Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) Study
AbstractUsing latent class analysis, we previously identified three acculturation strategies employed by South Asian immigrants in the US. Members of theSeparation class showed a preference for South Asian culture over US culture, while members of theAssimilation class showed a preference for US culture, and those in theIntegration class showed a similar preference for South Asian and US cultures. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between these acculturation strategies and symptoms of depression, a common yet underdiagnosed and undertreated mental disorder. We used data from the Mediators of Atheroscler...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparing Oral Health Services Use in the Spanish and Immigrant Working Population
AbstractWe aim to analyze oral health services use and related factors in the immigrant working population compared to the Spanish counterparts. Cross-sectional study of working population (n  = 8591) that responded Spanish National Health Survey (SNHS), 2011–2012. The association between oral health services use and migration status was estimated using logistic regression. Immigrant men presented a greater probability of oral health service use a year or more prior (aOR 1.63; 95% CI 1.26–2.02), independently of oral health, sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics. In immigrant women, g...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

“People Give Opinions, but the Decision Belongs to the Patient”: Examining Cancer Treatment Decisions Among Latinos/as in Central Florida
This study underscores the need for health providers to present all available treatment options to enhance cancer treatment outcomes (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

General and Ethnic-Biased Bullying Among Latino Students: Exploring Risks of Depression, Suicidal Ideation, and Substance Use
AbstractUsing a cross-sectional sample of 534 Latino students from middle and high schools in a large North Carolina school district, we examined the relation of general and ethnic-biased bullying to depression and the indirect pathways through depression to suicidal ideation and substance use outcomes. A structural equation model tested the direct and indirect paths. The final model fit was excellent, χ2(90)  = 127.6,p = .0056, RMSEA = 0.028, CFI = 0.974, TLI = 0.961. Ethnic-biased and verbal or relational bullying had a direct effect on depression,...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Caribbean (English-Speaking) Women in the United States: Cooking for Diabetes Prevention and Management
This study surveyed 152 Caribbean –American women about their acculturation levels; their health behaviors; and their perceptions about a website portal for diabetes prevention and management. Participants followed a study link to documents created via SurveyMonkey. The study link included seven edited videos each fewer than 2 mi n; the videos included ingredients; preparation/cooking instructions; and plating tips for modifying traditional Caribbean meals for diabetes management and prevention. Overall engagement in six healthy living behaviors was moderate Mean = 2.07; Minimum = 1 (...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Individual and Organizational Role of Physicians in Mitigating the Biological, Psychological and Social Health Consequences of Displacement
AbstractThe number of Internally Displaced People is growing globally with a significant number travelling to countries such as Canada. These individuals have unique health care needs that are significantly impacted by several social determinants of health, which provides a challenge to the physician as they must address the biological, psychological and social factors in order to effectively improve the health of this population. The physician must work at the individual, national, and international levels and collaborate with other health care workers in order to effectively address these complex health care issues. Some...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Socio-demographic Moderators of Associations Between Psychological Factors and Latinas ’ Breast Cancer Screening Behaviors
This study tested whether socio-demographic factors moderated associations between psychological factors and Latinas ’ breast cancer screening behaviors. 222 churchgoing Latinas (40–65 years) in San Diego, CA completed surveys assessing socio-demographics (e.g., income and acculturation), psychological factors (e.g., perceived barriers to screening), and cancer screening behaviors. Multilevel models examined associations of socio-demographic and psychological factors (and their interactions) with adherence to annual mammography or clinical breast exam (CBE) screening. Although no main effects were found, t...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Breast and Colorectal Cancer Screening Barriers Among Immigrants and Refugees: A Mixed-Methods Study at Three Community Health Centres in Toronto, Canada
This study of recent immigrants and refugees identifies barrie rs to screening and supports potential solutions including culturally-congruent peer workers, targeted screening workshops, and visual screening aids. Further work is needed to address the unique healthcare needs of this diverse and growing population. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Depression, Anxiety, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and a History of Pervasive Gender-Based Violence Among Women Asylum Seekers Who Have Undergone Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Retrospective Case Review
AbstractWe sought to evaluate the frequency  of anxiety, depression, PTSD, and any experiences of violence in women who had undergone Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) and were seeking asylum in the United States. We undertook a retrospective qualitative descriptive study of FGM/C cases seen in an asylum clinic over a 2-year period. Standardized questionnaires provided quantitative scores for anxiety, depression and PTSD. Clients’ personal and physician medical affidavits were analyzed for experiences of violence. Of the 13 cases, anxiety and depression were exhibited by 92 and 100% of women, while all s...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cumulative Stress and Trauma from the Migration Process as Barriers to HIV Testing: A Qualitative Study of Latino Immigrants
This study examined the relationship between the migration process and HIV testing among Latino immigrants. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted in March and April 2017 with 34 Latino immigrants in New York City. Grounded theory guided analysis of the qualitative data. Results indicated that Latino immigrants experienced cumulative stress and trauma throughout the migration process that contributed to significant emotional and psychological consequences. Stress and trauma accumulated from the migration process posed barriers to HIV testing as Latino immigrants sought to avoid activities perceived as stressfu...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Oral Health Challenges in Refugees from the Middle East and Africa: A Comparative Study
AbstractThe aim was to explore and compare oral health and need for dental treatment in newly arrived refugees from the Middle East and Africa to Norway. Oral examination and structured interviews were performed with attending interpreters. Associations between origin and measures for oral health were studied with multiple linear regression. Half of the refugees (n  = 132) reported oral impacts on daily performances (OIDP) and mean number of decayed teeth (DT) was 4.3 (SD 3.5). Refugees from the Middle East had more DT (1.38, p = 0.044), higher sum of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) (3....
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Differences in Self-Reported Health and Unmet Health Needs Between Government Assisted and Privately Sponsored Syrian Refugees: A Cross-Sectional Survey
AbstractBetween November 2015 and January 2017, the Government of Canada resettled over 40,000 Syrian refugees through different sponsorship programs (GAR and PSR). Timely access to healthcare is essential for good health and successful integration. However, refugee support differs depending on sponsorship program, which may lead to differences in healthcare service access and needs. A cross-sectional study with a sample of Syrian refugees was conducted to assess healthcare access, and perceived physical and mental health status. Results indicate demographic and healthcare access differences between GARs and PSRs. GARs rep...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Ethnic Identity on the Relationship Between Mental Health and Perceived Discrimination Among Ethnic Return Migrants: The Case of Korean Chinese Return-Migrated to South Korea
This study examined the relationship among mental health, perceived discrimination and ethnic identity among Korean Chinese (Joseonjok) who have return-migrated to South Korea. A survey was conducted with 399Joseonjok adults ( ≥ 19 years) residing in the capital city Seoul or nearby. Depression was measured using the (self-report) Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale-Korean (CES-D-K) version (n = 292, mean age = 42.6, female = 56.5%). Perceived discrimination and ethnic identity were assessed with single-item questions. The mean CES-D-K total score was 9...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Food and Nutrient Intakes of Jamaican Immigrants in Florida
This study assessed dietary intakes, nutritional composition, and identified commonly eaten foods among Jamaicans in Florida. Dietary intake was assessed among 44 study participants to determine commonly eaten foods and nutrient composition. Weighed recipes were collected and analyzed to determine nutrient composition for traditional foods. Top foods that contributed to macronutrient and micronutrient intake were identified and adherence to dietary recommendations was evaluated. Mean daily energy intake was 2879 (SD 1179) kcal and 2242 (SD 1236) kcal for men and women respectively. Mean macronutrient intakes were above die...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Challenges in Recruiting African-Born, US-Based Participants for HIV and Tuberculosis Research
AbstractResearch is critical for developing HIV and tuberculosis (TB) programming for U.S. African-born communities, and depends on successful recruitment of African-born people. From January 2014 to June 2016, we recruited African-born people for HIV and TB research in King County, Washington. We compared the characteristics of study participants and the underlying populations of interest, and assessed recruitment strategies. Target enrollment for the HIV study was 167 participants; 51 participants (31%) were enrolled. Target enrollment for the TB study was 218 participants; 38 (17%) were successfully recruited. Of 249 pr...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health Insurance Coverage and Access to Care Among US-Born and Foreign-Born Sexual Minorities
This study used data on nonelderly adults (n  = 100,667) from the 2013–2016 National Health Interview Survey. Unadjusted prevalence estimates and multivariable logistic regression models (with and without interactions between immigration and sexual minority status) were used to compare health insurance coverage and access to care by immi gration and sexual minority status. We did not find any differences in uninsurance, having a usual source of care, and a recent office visit by sexual orientation for US-born and foreign-born adults. However, compared to their heterosexual counterparts, US-born and fore...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Diabetes Management Among Arab Americans Who Sought Care at a Large Metropolitan Hospital System in Michigan
AbstractTo estimate and compare the management of diabetes among Arab, Asian, non-Hispanic Black, and non-Hispanic Whites attending a large health system in metropolitan Detroit. Data were electronically abstracted for 6622 adult patients with diabetes. Dependent variables were uptake of A1c testing and results, LDL-C testing and results, and eye examination frequency. The independent variable was race/ethnicity. Logistic regression models were used to examine the association between Arab Americans and non-Hispanic Whites for each of the dependent variables while controlling for confounders. Arab Americans were 38% more li...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Bibliometrics of Fifty Most-Cited Articles on the Mental Health of Immigrants Living in the United States
AbstractThe premise of our study was to identify the 50 most frequently cited articles on the mental and behavioral health of immigrant and refugee populations in the USA using the Thomas Reuters ’ WOS database. Articles were reviewed for inclusion by a panel comprised of two specialist physicians and a political scientist. Citations ranged from 69 to 520. Almost half of all articles (n = 23) focus on Hispanic populations. 32 articles employed a cross-sectional study design. Sample siz es ranged from 8,000,000 to 20. Over half of all (n = 30) articles were published between 2000 and 2012 i...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Understanding the Gap: Perceived Health Literacy Levels Among Spanish-Speaking Immigrants in Miami-Dade County, 2016
This study investigates perceived health literacy ability and measured health literacy scores among Miami-Dade County immigrants. Methods: Patients seen in the Refugee Health Assessment Program and Family Planning Program completed a health literacy assessment in November 2016. Participants were immigrants from Spanish-speaking countries who reported living in the U.S. for ≤ 10 years. Logistic regression models were used to determine predictors of agreement. 283 patients responded. No characteristics were significant predictors of agreement; However, we found lower agreement among participants that were 18&n...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Bidimensional Acculturation and Psychological Distress in Pakistani Immigrant Women in Norway: A Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractImmigrants from South Asia have higher risks of mental health problems . Low levels of acculturation and self-efficacy may be risk factors for depression and psychological distress in immigrants. 355 Pakistani immigrant women in Oslo, filled out a questionnaire concerning demographic variables, self-efficacy, and psychological distress. A bidimensional acculturation variable was constructed. A stepwise logistic regression model was used to investigate the importance of the level of acculturation and self-efficacy on psychological distress. Low levels of acculturation were reported. Integrated participants reported ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relationships Between English Language Proficiency, Health Literacy, and Health Outcomes in Somali Refugees
AbstractLittle is known about the impacts of health literacy and English proficiency on the health status of Somali refugees. Data came from interviews in 2009 –2011 of 411 adult Somali refugees recently resettled in Massachusetts. English proficiency, health literacy, and physical and mental health were measured using the Basic English Skills Test Plus, the Short Test of Health Literacy in Adults, and the Physical and Mental Component Summaries of the S hort Form-12. Associations were analyzed using multiple linear regression. In adjusted analyses, higher English proficiency was associated with worse mental health i...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Perception of Obesity Among Sub-Saharan Africans  in Korea
AbstractThere is a dearth of obesity study among sub-Saharan African immigrants in Seoul, Korea. We investigated the prevalence and perception of obesity among this population. A cross-sectional study involving 211 immigrants aged 20  years and above from sub-Saharan Africa was carried out, using a structured questionnaire. Obesity (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m²) was calculated as the primary outcome variable. The overall prevalence of obesity was 27.0% (men 22.6% and women 36.8%). In a logistic regression analysis adjusting for age , obesity was significantly associated with increased duration of reside...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cancer Knowledge Among Mexican Immigrant Farmworkers in North Carolina
AbstractLatino farmworkers are exposed to a number of carcinogens in the workplace. Cancer survival rates for Latinos are below average. This paper describes Mexican immigrant farmworkers ’ knowledge of colorectal, breast, and testicular cancer, and compares farmworkers’ cancer knowledge to that of other Mexican immigrants. Survey interviews for this study were conducted with 100 farmworkers and 100 non-farmworkers in 2015 in North Carolina as part of an ongoing community-based p articipatory research project. We found low to moderate levels of knowledge about colorectal, breast, and testicular cancer among far...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Current Approaches to Cancer Genetic Counseling Services for Spanish-Speaking Patients
AbstractBarriers to genetic counseling services (GCS) utilization for Spanish-speaking patients (SSP) may include language barriers and limited availability of bilingual genetic counselors (GCs). The sample included GCs who: (1) practice cancer genetic counseling, (2) report a cancer practice setting, and (3) have a US mailing address. We assessed: (1) number of Spanish-speaking GCs, (2) estimated proportion of Hispanic patients, and (3) approaches used to counsel SSP. Of respondents (n  = 229), 10% (n = 23) spoke Spanish. A higher proportion of GCs practicing in states with ≥ 25% Hispan...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Socioeconomic Status and the Physical and Mental Health of Arab and Chaldean Americans in Michigan
This study considers whether socioeconomic status moderates the relationship between race/ethnicity and physical and mental health. Data come from a state representative sample of Arab and Chaldean Americans —the 2013 Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Survey and the 2013 Michigan Arab/Chaldean Behavioral Risk Factor Survey (N = 12,837 adults with 536 Arab/Chaldean Americans). Structural equation models examine whether socioeconomic status, operationalized as educational attainment, moderates the rel ationship between Arab/Chaldean identity and health, and whether physical activity, access to healthcare, a...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dental Caries Experience and Utilization of Oral Health Services Among Tibetan Refugee-Background Children in Paonta Sahib, Himachal Pradesh, India
AbstractThe study was done to describe the dental caries experience and dental care utilization among Tibetan refugee-background children in Paonta Sahib, India. The study was conducted on 254 school children in a Tibetan settlement in Paonta Sahib. Examination was done as per World Health Organization Oral Health Assessment criteria (2013). Data on dental services utilization was obtained from the parents of children using a structured questionnaire. Oral examination of 254 school children aged 6 –18 years revealed an overall dental caries prevalence of 79.5%. The dental caries experience was greater in the mix...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Visual Health and Visual Healthcare Access in Refugees and Displaced Persons: A Systematic Review
AbstractVision impairment is a significant global health concern. Still, there remains a gap in our knowledge of visual health in refugees. We conducted a systematic review of the distinctive eye care needs of refugees. We screened PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science through February 17, 2017 for studies that focused primarily on visual health in refugees. Risk of bias was assessed using the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute quality assessment tools. 26 studies were included in the final review. The prevalence of blindness ranged from 1.3 to 26.2%. Trachoma was the leading infectious cause. Only four studies assesse...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Neglected Tropical Diseases (Leishmaniasis and Lymphatic Filariasis) and Malaria Among a Migrant Labour Settlement in Kerala, India
AbstractNeglected tropical diseases (visceral leismaniasis, lymphatic filariasis) and malaria are endemic in northern states of India. Kerala has become a hub of construction activities employing a large number of migrants from these endemic states. Studies on morbidity pattern among migrants in Kerala are lacking. It is essential to look into the burden of these infections among migrant laborers who can act as reservoirs and are a threat to native population. A cross sectional study was done among migrant laborers in Ernakulam district, Kerala. After getting informed consent, a questionnaire was administered to each parti...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Depression and Antidepressant Use Among Asian and Hispanic Adults: Association with Immigrant Generation and Language Use
AbstractThis research investigates the psychological well-being and usage of medical treatments by Asian and Hispanic immigrant descendants. Using data from all four waves of Add Health study, this paper focuses on two outcomes: (1) depression and (2) levels of antidepressant use by race/ethnicity, immigrant generation, and linguistic acculturation levels duringadulthood. Findings reveal that depression is prevalent among Mexican Americans, other Hispanics, and Asian Americans. Furthermore, Mexican Americans and Asian Americans have reported a lower level of antidepressant use than whites, with Asian Americans attaining th...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychosocial Determinants of Adherence to Preventive Dental Attendance for Preschool Children Among Filipino Immigrants in Edmonton, Alberta
Discussion: Filipino parents were open to the Western model of preventive oral healthcare, with the duration of their time in Canada playing a key role in promoting regular dental visits for their children. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adapting Meaning-Centered Psychotherapy in Advanced Cancer for the Chinese Immigrant Population
In this study, we conducted a community needs assessment to inform the cultural adaptation of MCP for Chinese patients with advanced cancer, in accordance with Bernal et al. ecological validity model and the cultural adaptat ion process model of Domenech-Rodriquez and Weiling. We conducted interviews until saturation with 11 key Chinese-serving community leaders and health professionals with a range of areas of expertise (i.e. oncology, psychology, palliative care, cancer support services), to examine community needs, p riorities, and preferences within the context of the MCP intervention. Sessions were audio recorded and ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Son Preference of Immigrants to the United States: Data from U.S. Birth Certificates, 2004 –2013
AbstractSon preference has existed for centuries in many cultures and societies. In some Asian countries, including China and India, the sex ratio at birth (SRB, number of male infants divided by number of female infants times 100) is elevated above the worldwide biological norm of about 105. We investigate whether this ratio is elevated in the U.S. for immigrant women. We analyze U.S. birth certificates for 2004 –2013 and categorize births by mother’s and father’s race/ethnicity; mother’s place of birth, and birth order of the child. The SRB is elevated for two groups of women: Chinese women born i...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychological Distress in Iranian International Students at an Australian University
This study investigated psychological distress in Iranian international students at UNSW Australia, and explored the psychosocial factors associated with high levels of distress. A total of 180 Iranian international students pursuing undergraduate and postgraduate degrees during 2012/2013 completed an email questionnaire containing socio-demographic items and five standardized and validated scales. Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyse the predictors of psychological distress. Compared to domestic and international students at two other Australian universities, a significantly smaller proportion of Iranian ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Overseas Hepatitis B Vaccinations Among Newly Arrived Cubans in Texas —2010–2015
AbstractWe assessed hepatitis B virus (HBV) serologic results among newly arrived Cubans with vaccination documentation. We matched the post-arrival health assessment HBV serologic results of Cubans who arrived during 2010 –2015 in Texas with their overseas hepatitis B (HepB) vaccination records in the CDC's Electronic Disease Notification database and calculated the proportion of those immune due to HepB vaccinations. Among 2123 who had overseas HepB vaccination and serologic results, 1072 (50.5%) had three valid d ocumented doses of HepB. Of these 1072, 441 (41.1%) were immune due to HepB vaccination, 24 (2.2%), im...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Women ’s Decision-Making Autonomy and their Attitude towards Wife-Beating: Findings from the 2011 Ethiopia’s Demographic and Health Survey
AbstractThe study examined the extent of wife-beating acceptance and factors that influence women ’s attitude towards wife-beating in Ethiopia from a nationally representative sample of 11,658 participants in the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey. Multivariate logistic regressions were fitted to investigate the relationships between women’s attitude towards wife-beating and women’ s decision-making autonomy after controlling for socio-demographic factors. The majority (56%) of women agreed that wife-beating is justified when wife neglects children, 53% when wife burns the food, 50% when wife ar...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Influence of Hispanic Ethnicity and Nativity Status on 2009 H1N1 Pandemic Vaccination Uptake in the United States
AbstractPrevious research suggests Hispanic vaccination rates for H1N1 were similar to non-Hispanic whites. These previous estimates do not take into account nativity status. Using the 2010 National Health Interview Survey, we estimate adult H1N1 vaccination rates for non-Hispanic whites (n  = 8780), U.S.-born Hispanics (n = 1142), and foreign-born Hispanics (n = 1912). To test Fundamental Cause Theory, we estimate odds of H1N1 vaccination while controlling for flexible resources (e.g., educational and economic capital), ethnicity, and nativity status. Foreign-born Hispanic s exper...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Health Profile and Overview of Healthcare Experiences of Cambodian American Refugees and Immigrants Residing in Southern California
This study compares the health status and healthcare experiences of Cambodian American refugees and immigrants. Data were collected via questionnaires and medical records from two community clinics in Southern California (n = 308). Chi square and t-tests examined the socio-demographic differences between immigrants an d refugees, and ANCOVA models compared the mean differences in responses for each outcome, adjusting for age at immigration, education level, and clinic site. Cambodian American refugees reported overall lower levels of health-related quality of life (all p’s 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Pre-migration Trauma, Repatriation Experiences, and PTSD Among North Korean Refugees
AbstractMany studies on refugees suggested that refugees ’ traumatic events associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, it is unknown whether refugees’ PTSD was caused by their negative experience before or after the entry of their destination country. Thus, a separation of refugees’ pre-migration from their post-migration experi ence is particularly important in understanding the causal impact of trauma. Using a sample from North Korean refugees, this study investigates the prevalence of PTSD symptoms, the impact of tortured trauma, repatriation experiences, on PTSD among North Korean...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research