Pre-migration Trauma, Repatriation Experiences, and PTSD Among North Korean Refugees
AbstractMany studies on refugees suggested that refugees ’ traumatic events associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, it is unknown whether refugees’ PTSD was caused by their negative experience before or after the entry of their destination country. Thus, a separation of refugees’ pre-migration from their post-migration experi ence is particularly important in understanding the causal impact of trauma. Using a sample from North Korean refugees, this study investigates the prevalence of PTSD symptoms, the impact of tortured trauma, repatriation experiences, on PTSD among North Korean...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Smoking Among Chinese Livery Drivers
This study reports on the TNNA survey smoking-related results among NYC Chinese livery drivers. 97 drivers participated. Mean age was 44.7  years, 2.1% were English proficient, and 23.4% were living below the poverty line. Most were insured (82.5%), had a PCP (82.5%), and had had a routine check-up within the past year (79%). 73% were current or former smokers. Culturally and linguistically tailored smoking cessation interventions, st rategies to mitigate exposure to air pollution, and programs to facilitate lung cancer screening should be developed and implemented for high-risk Chinese livery drivers. (Source: Journa...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Healthcare Services Utilization Among Migrants in Portugal: Results From the National Health Survey 2014
This study illustrates inequalities in healthcare use among migrants in Portugal, and provides useful informa tion for enlightening policymakers and healthcare providers to develop health policies that can address migrants’ needs. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health Care Access and Utilization Among U.S. Immigrants Before and After the Affordable Care Act
This study shows that the ACA has closed the coverage gap that previously existed between U.S. citizens and non-citizen immigrants. We find that naturalized citizens, non-citizens with more than 5 years of U.S. residency, and non-citizens with 5 years or less of U.S. residency reduced their probability of being uninsured by 5.81, 9.13, and 8.23%, respectively, in the first 3 years of the ACA. Improvements in other measures of access and utilization were also observed. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Implementation of a Stress Intervention with Latino Immigrants in a Non-traditional Migration City
AbstractStress negatively impacts health outcomes across all racial and ethnic groups, but the health disparities experienced by Latino immigrants in nontraditional migration cities are exacerbated by undeveloped infrastructure and weak social support networks. Immigrants in new migration cities can be difficult to engage in health interventions and are therefore underrepresented in the very research where their inclusion is most crucial. To effectively engage Latino immigrants, a team of academic and community researchers collaborated on a community-based participatory research project to design and implement a stress and...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Oral Health Practices, Beliefs and Dental Service Utilization of Albanian Immigrants in Milwaukee, Wisconsin: A Pilot Study
This study investigated oral health practices, beliefs, dental visits and associated factors of Albanian adults living in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Purposive and snowball sampling methods  were employed. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data on oral health practices, beliefs, dental visits and socio-demographic information. Descriptive and multivariable logistics regression were conducted. Overall, 266 adults were recruited, 54% male, 56% have lived 10 or more y ears in the U.S., 95% rated their oral health as excellent/good and 87% reported having a dental visit in the last year. Age, ability to spea...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: A Systematic Review of Community Health Workers ’ Role in Occupational Safety and Health Research
AbstractThe original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the affiliation of co-author Ashley M. Bush. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Intergenerational Mobility and Goal-Striving Stress Among Black Americans: The Roles of Ethnicity and Nativity Status
AbstractGoal-striving stress refers to the psychological consequences of seeking but failing to reach upward mobility and is more common among low-income and people of color. Intergenerational mobility —or improved socioeconomic standing relative to one’s parents—may be an important predictor of goal-striving stress for Blacks. We used the National Survey of American Life to investigate the association between intergenerational mobility and goal-striving stress among U.S.-born African Americ ans, U.S.-born Caribbean Blacks, and foreign-born Caribbean Blacks. Intergenerational mobility was associated with ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Who, What, Why and When of Gynaecological Referrals for Refugee Women
We examined the nature of health problems requiring gynaecological referrals for refugee women in Toronto. A retrospective cohort design was used to examine gynaecologic referrals of women at a refugee clinic between December, 2011 and June, 2016. The primary outcome measure was the indications for gynaecological referral. 125 out of 1040 women received a gynaecologic referral for 131 unique concerns. The most common referrals were for abnormal uterine bleeding and cervical dysplasia. Fibroids were prevalent amongst African patients, while referrals for LARCs/sterilization were absent from Middle Eastern patients. 26% of p...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Nutritional Deficiencies Among Populations of Newly Arriving Government Assisted Refugee Children to Kitchener/Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
This study examined the variation among ethnic populations in prevalence of anemia, vitamin D and B12 deficiencies among refugee children. A retrospective chart review of 388 government assisted refugee children  ≤ 16 years of age, seen at the Refugee Health Clinic in Kitchener, Canada from January 2009 to December 2014 was conducted. Vitamin D levels were only collected until December 1st 2010 (116 children). 15.7% were anemic (25%
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychosocial Indicators in North African Immigrant Women in Italy
In conclusion, this study provides further evidence of higher psychological stress and discomfort and lower well-being and quality of life in immigrant women. Public social support is necessary to control, maintain and improve the mental health outcomes of immigrant communities in the host country. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Syndemic Conditions Reinforcing Disparities in HIV and Other STIs in an Urban Sample of Behaviorally Bisexual Latino Men
AbstractSyndemics research has made great contributions to understanding sexual risk among Latino men who have sex with men. However, such work often combines data for behaviorally bisexual men with data for men with exclusively same-sex partners. Using cross-sectional data from 148 behaviorally bisexual Latino men, this study explored the impact of syndemic factors —polydrug use, childhood sexual abuse, and depression—on sexual risk behaviors and STI incidence. Approximately one-third of participants reported polydrug use, 22% reported childhood sexual abuse, and 26% screened for clinically significant depress...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Diabetes in Immigrant Tibetan Muslims in Kashmir, North India
AbstractTibetan Muslims have migrated from Lhasa (3000  m altitude) to Srinagar, India (altitude 1500 m) about 55 years back. We set out to study the prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes among this immigrant population. All consenting adults aged ≥18 years were questioned about a previous history of diabetes or any other medical history. Anthrop ometric data were recorded. Fasting blood glucose was measured in duplicate by Accu-check glucometer and HbA1C levels were measured. Of the 281 participants, 26 (9.25%) had diabetes whereas 46 (16.4%) had pre-diabetes; 24 reporting doctor-diagnosed diabetes. P...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of Histoplasmosis in Somali, Burmese, and Hmong Refugees Residing in Thailand and Kenya
This study used the CDC Migrant Serum Bank to test ~100 samples from each of Somali, Burmese, and Hmong U.S.-bound refugees. Samples were tested by enzyme immunoassay forHistoplasma capsulatum IgG. Overall 1% (2/299) of refugee serum samples were positive forH. capsulatum IgG. One of 99 samples obtained from Hmong refugees was positive, and the other positive sample came from among 100 Burmese refugee samples.H capsulatum IgG positivity was detected at low levels in Hmong and Burmese refugees. No IgG positivity was detected among 100 Somali refugees. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Parent Perceptions of Child Weight Status in Mexican-Origin Immigrant Families: An Investigation of Acculturation, Stress, and Coping Factors
This study examined acculturation, stress, coping, and involuntary responses to stress and their relation to estimation of child’s weight status among Mexican-origin immigrant families. Eighty-six families provided data on chi ld’s height and weight, caregiver’s perception of their child’s weight status, and caregiver’s responses to acculturation, stress, and coping scales. Parents underestimated their child’s weight status, particularly when the child was overweight or obese. Although acculturation and stress w ere not associated with accuracy, parents’ responses to stress were li...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Correlates of Psychological Distress and Psychiatric Disorders in Asylum Seekers and Refugees Resettled in an Italian Catchment Area
AbstractIn recent years there has been a progressive rise in the number of asylum seekers and refugees displaced from their country of origin, with significant social, economic, humanitarian and public health implications. The aim of this study is to describe the frequency and correlates of psychological distress and psychiatric disorders in asylum seekers and refugees resettled in an Italian catchment area. In the catchment area of Verona, all male asylum seekers and refugees aged 18 or above included in the Italian protection system for asylum seekers and refugees during a period of 1  year were screened for psychol...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Universal Health Care System? Unmet Need for Medical Care Among Regular and Irregular Immigrants in Italy
This study calculates the prevalence of unmet need for medical care among Italian citizens, regular and irregular immigrants and estimates logistic regression models to assess whether differences by citizenship and legal status hold true once adjusting for potential confounders. The analysis is based on two Surveys on Income and Living Conditions of Italian households and households with foreigners. Controlling for various factors, the odds of experiencing unmet need for medical care are 27% higher for regular immigrants than for Italian citizens and 59% higher for irregular immigrants. The gaps by citizenship and legal st...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Immigrant Generational Status and Developmental Problems among Prematurely Born Children
This study examined the relationship between family immigrant status and developmental problems among children born preterm. The 2011 –2012 National Survey of Children’s Health data collected through a telephone based survey based on parental report of prematurity and other comorbidities were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression analysis to examine seven developmental outcomes. Preterm 1st/2nd generation children ha d fewer developmental problems than preterm 3rd generation children. Controlling for socioeconomic status and other covariates, 1st/2nd generation children had significantly lower odds of...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Erratum to: Sex Differences and Predictors of Changes in Body Weight and Noncommunicable Diseases in a Random, Newly-Arrived Group of Refugees Followed for Two Years
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Implementation and Evaluation of a Recurring Interdisciplinary Community Health Fair in a Remote U.S. –Mexico Border Community
AbstractThe purpose of this project was to design, implement, and assess a recurring interdisciplinary community health fair in an underserved border town. University of California San Diego (UCSD) medical and pharmacy students, under faculty supervision, worked alongside community partners in Calexico, California to implement a health fair two miles from the U.S. –Mexico border. Demographic and screening data were described from 293 participants from 2014 to 2016. Over 90% (269/293) listed Mexico as their country of birth, 82.9% (243/293) were monolingual Spanish speakers, 75.4% (221/293) had an annual household inc...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Community Health Workers ’ Role in Occupational Safety and Health Research
AbstractWe systematically reviewed the literature to describe how community health workers (CHWs) are involved in occupational health and safety research and to identify areas for future research and research practice strategies. We searched five electronic databases from July 2015 through July 2016. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) study took place in the United States, (2) published as a full peer-review manuscript in English, (3) conducted occupational health and safety research, and (4) CHWs were involved in the research. The majority of 17 included studies took place in the agriculture industry (76%). CHWs were...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sexual Migration and HIV Risk in a Sample of Brazilian, Colombian and Dominican Immigrant MSM Living in New York City
We examined motivations for migration to the United States (US) among 482 Brazilian, Colombian, and Dominican men who have sex with men (MSM). Participants ’ most common reason for migration was to improve their financial situation (49%), followed by sexual migration in order to affirm their sexual orientation (40%). Fewer endorsed sexual migration motivated by avoiding persecution due to being gay (13%). We conducted further analyses among 276 parti cipants who migrated after age 15 and were HIV-negative at the time of migration. We hypothesized that sexual migration would be associated with greater likelihood of HI...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Examining Difference in Immigration Stress, Acculturation Stress and Mental Health Outcomes in Six Hispanic/Latino Nativity and Regional Groups
AbstractLittle is known about the specific behavioral health impact of acculturation stressors that affect Hispanic/Latino immigrant sub-groups. These immigration-related stressors and traumatic events may have differential impact on depression depending on country/region of origin. Using a measure of immigration and acculturation stress, the current study sought to determine differences in the impact of stress on six sub-groups of Hispanic immigrants. Data on stress and depression were examined using a large, representative adult immigrant sample (N = 641). Controlling for age, gender and years in the US, fa...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Spirituality for Mental Health and Well-Being of Adult Refugees in Europe
This article reports on a pre- and post-test experimental study with 4504 refugees in 38 camps across nine destination countries. The aim was to examine the role of spirituality and a specially designed spiritual education programme in promoting mental health of refugees. A pre- and post-test experimental design has been used with three scales to examine the outcome measures: (1) the trauma screening questionnaire (2) life orientation test-revised and (3) mental health inventory-38. Results showed that compared with pre-test scores, the average post-test scores of the refugees on the trauma questionnaire were lower, and hi...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Foreign-Born Blacks Experience Lower Odds of Obesity but Higher Odds of Diabetes than US-Born Blacks in New York City
This study compared obesity and diabetes odds in FBBs and US-born Blacks (USBBs) in NYC. Analyzing the 2009 –2013 NYC Community Health Survey (3701 FBBs and 6297 USBBs), weighted multivariate logistic regression examined odds of obesity and diabetes, adjusting for age, gender, education, income, marital status, children
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Perceived Racial Discrimination and Pain Intensity/Disability Among Economically Disadvantaged Latinos in a Federally Qualified Health Center: The Role of Anxiety Sensitivity
AbstractThe present study examined the role of anxiety sensitivity (AS; fear of the negative consequences of anxiety) in the relation between perceived racial discrimination and pain-related problems among Latinos seeking health services at a Federally Qualified Health Center. Participants included 145 adult Latinos (87.80% female,Mage = 38.07 years,SD = 11.98, and 96.2% reported Spanish as their first language). Results indicated that perceived racial discrimination was indirectly related to the pain intensity and pain disability through AS. These effects were evident above and beyond the variance ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge, Attitudes and Barriers to Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine Uptake Among an Immigrant and Refugee Catch-Up Group in a Western Canadian Province
AbstractVaccination is a key strategy to prevent cervical cancer in developed countries. Lower uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among new immigrants and refugees has been documented, although exploration of underlying reasons remains an understudied area. Semi-structured interviews with eleven immigrant women (ages 18 –26 years) were conducted to understand their knowledge, attitudes and barriers regarding HPV vaccination in a western Canadian province. Participants had limited knowledge about HPV and the vaccine. Most women perceived that their risk of HPV was low, however expressed willingness...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial/Ethnic Discrimination and Diabetes-Related Outcomes Among Latinos with Type 2 Diabetes
AbstractDiscrimination is associated with adverse health outcomes, but few studies have examined the association of discrimination with diabetes-related outcomes including mental health and glycemic control, particularly for immigrant and US-born Latinos. We analyzed survey data (n  = 222) collected at baseline of a diabetes intervention. Using multiple linear regression, we examined the association of racial/ethnic discrimination with depressive symptoms, diabetes-related distress, and HbA1c, and variation in these associations by nativity and, for immigrants, length of U S residence. Racial/ethnic discrimin...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Characteristics of Physical Aggression in Children of Immigrant Mothers and Non-immigrant Mothers: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Survey of Young Canadians
This study aims to determine the prevalence and characteristics of PA in children of immigrant and non-immigrant mothers. Secondary data analysis was conducted using the nationwide 2010 Survey for Young Canadians, limited to children 4 –9 years of age. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression was performed, with the outcome, PA, and covariates including maternal, child, household and neighbourhood characteristics. Twenty percent of children of non-immigrant mothers and 16% of children of immigrant mothers reported PA. Th e only common characteristic of PA between children of non-immigrant (Adj OR 1.44, 95...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnic Variations in Adiponectin Levels and Its Association with Age, Gender, Body Composition and Diet: Differences Between Iranians, Indians and Europeans Living in Australia
AbstractAdiponectin is an adipocyte-derived protein with anti-diabetic, anti-atherogenic and anti-inflammatory action, but there are few studies on its association with cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in different ethnic groups in Australia. This cross-sectional study evaluated ethnic differences in adiponectin levels and its association with age, gender, body composition and diet in 89 adult Australians of European (n  = 28), Indian (n = 28) and Iranian (n = 33) ancestries. Different measures of adiposity were assessed using the method of whole body dual energy X-ray abs...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Enhancing Understanding of Postpartum Pain Among Migrant and Non-migrant Women Through  a Qualitative Lens
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Important Gaps in HIV Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Among Young Asylum Seekers in Comparison to the General Population
AbstractMigrants are disproportionately affected by HIV in many European countries, including Finland. We aimed to compare the HIV-related knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of young asylum seekers to those of the general young adult population. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted among 20- to 25-year-old young adults: The TIE study among asylum seekers (n  = 47) and the World AIDS Day 2014 study among the general population (n = 485). Important gaps in HIV KAP were identified especially among the young asylum seekers. For the general young adult population, previous HIV testing was...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of Hepatitis B Virus Screening, Vaccination, and Linkage to Care Among Newly Arrived Refugees in Four States, 2009 –2011
AbstractMany U.S.-bound refugees originate from countries with intermediate or high hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection prevalence and have risk for severe liver disease. We evaluated HBV screening and vaccination of newly arrived refugees in four states to identify program improvement opportunities. Data on HBV testing at domestic health assessments (1/1/2009 –12/31/2011) were abstracted from state refugee health surveillance systems. Logistic regression identified correlates of infection. Over 95% of adults aged ≥19 years (N = 24,647) and 50% of children (N = 12,249) were tested. Among ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Higher Birthweight and Maternal Pre-pregnancy BMI Persist with Obesity Association at Age 9 in High Risk Latino Children
AbstractChildhood obesity is increasing especially in Latinos and early intervention is essential to prevent later obesity complications. Latino children (n  = 201) recruited at two San Francisco hospitals were assessed at birth including infant anthropometrics and feeding practices and followed to age 9 with annual anthropometric assessments. We evaluated the relationship between perinatal risk factors and obesity at age 9 and chronic obesity (obes ity at both 5 and 9 years). Higher birthweight [odds ratio (OR) 2.48, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06–5.81] and maternal pre-pregnancy body mass inde...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health-Promoting Behavior and Influencing Factors in Young North Korean Refugees (NKRs) Living in South Korea
AbstractThe number of young North Korean refugees (NKRs) entering South Korea to escape famine and poverty and improve their quality of life is drastically increasing. The aims of this study were to identify and compare health promoting lifestyle behaviors (HPLBs) of young NKRs, compared to South Koreans, and to investigate influencing factors related to HPLBs in young NKRs. Data were obtained from 150 NKRs residing in South Korea and 161 South Koreans. Respondents provided their psychological status (depression, stress, and life satisfaction) and HPLBs. The NKRs reported lower interpersonal relations scores and higher spi...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Stage Validity of the Health Action Process Approach in African American Breast Cancer Survivors
In this study, we examined the construct validity of the HAPA phase and stage algorithms in a sample of African American breast cancer survivors. A total of 259 African American breast cancer survivors (mean age  = 54 years) participated in a Web-based survey that assessed sociodemographic and medical characteristics, physical activity, and HAPA constructs. Analysis of covariance was used to compare mean differences between HAPA phase/stage. Statistical significance was determined at p 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Bedouin Women ’s Gender Preferences When Choosing Obstetricians and Gynecologists
AbstractPatients ’ preferences in choosing obstetricians/gynecologists are widely investigated, but studies among traditional populations are lacking. Bedouins comprise a traditional Arab Muslim society in the Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia), The Levant (Syria, Jordan and Israel) and North Africa (Egypt). Most of the Bedouins in Israel populate several villages, mostly in the southern part of the country. This cross-sectional study compared 200 Bedouin and 200 Jewish women who responded to an anonymous questionnaire. Queried on gender alone, more Bedouin responders preferred female obstetricians/gynecologis ts (59.5...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Influence of Parental Education on Dietary Intake in Latino Youth
AbstractAcculturation to the US culture is associated with suboptimal dietary choices in Latino youth. The role of parental education in shaping children ’s nutrition is less clear. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between parental education, acculturation and dietary intake in 96 Latino youth ages 8–18 years. Parental education was assessed using a seven-category variable. Acculturation was assessed using the Acculturat ion, Habits, and Interests Multicultural Scale for Adolescents questionnaire. Dietary intake was assessed via 24-h dietary recalls using the multiple pass technique. P...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Preliminary Community-Based Occupational Health Survey of Black Hair Salon Workers in South Los Angeles
AbstractBlack hair-salon workers face serious health hazards from the product they use on clients and other health hazards at their work. Currently there is a significant research gap in understanding the prevalence of workplace related exposures and health outcomes. The primary objective of this study was to gather preliminary data on workplace exposures and health outcomes of hair care workers in South Los Angeles. We conducted 22 surveys of salon workers at 16 salons. The results suggest the need for proper health and safety training within the salon worker community, specifically around chemical hair services. The resu...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Examining Mammography Use by Breast Cancer Risk, Race, Nativity, and Socioeconomic Status
AbstractMinority and foreign-born women report lower rates of mammograms compared to non-Hispanic white, U.S.-born women, even though they have increased risk for developing breast cancer. We examine disparities in mammography across breast cancer risk groups and determine whether disparities are explained by socioeconomic factors. Propensity score methodology was used to classify individuals from the 2000, 2005, and 2010 National Health Interview Survey according to their risk for developing breast cancer. Logistic regression models were used to predict the likelihood of mammography. Compared to non-Hispanic white women, ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Measuring Factors Associated with Colorectal Cancer Screening among Young Adult African American Men: A Psychometric Study
AbstractThe Male Role Norms, Knowledge, Attitudes, and Perceptions associated with Colorectal Cancer Screening (MKAP-CRCS) survey was developed to assess the attitudes, knowledge, male role norms, perceived barriers, and perceived subjective norms associated with screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) among young adult African American men. There is a critical need for exploring the complex factors that may shape attitudes towards CRC screening among men who are younger (i.e., ages 19 –45) than those traditionally assessed by clinicians and health promotion researchers (age 50 and older). Psychometrically sound measur...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Longitudinal Trajectories of Food Insecurity Among Children of Immigrants
AbstractAlthough research consistently points to higher rates of food insecurity (FI) among children of immigrants (COI), this is the first study to examine longitudinal trajectories of FI for this group. We used growth curve modeling and data from the 1998 Early Childhood Longitudinal Study —Kindergarten Cohort to compare trajectories of FI for COI and children of U.S.-born parents. After controlling for socioeconomic status and participation in nutrition programs, first- and second-generation COI had significantly higher initial and ongoing rates of FI compared to children of U.S.-b orn parents. Additional analyses...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Hospitalization Rates for Acute Myocardial Infarction Among Asian-American Subgroups: Have We Been Underestimating the Problem?
AbstractConcerns about the quality of race/ethnicity data collected by hospitals have limited our understanding of healthcare disparities affecting ethnic minorities in the United States. Using data from the New Jersey State Inpatient Databases and the American Community Survey, we calculated age-adjusted AMI hospitalization rates for Asian-American subgroups before (2005 –2006) and after (2008–2009) New Jersey hospitals implemented standardized practices to collect more accurate granular race/ethnicity data from patients. Rates were reported per 100,000 persons for Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Ko...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Brief Report: Subjective Social Mobility and Depressive Symptoms in Syrian Refugees to Germany
AbstractPrevious findings indicate that refugees are at increased risk for mental health problems. In addition to stressful pre-migration experiences, post-migration factors may contribute to poor mental health outcomes. Among immigrants to the United States, downward mobility in subjective social status (SSS) was associated with depression, corroborating the potentially detrimental mental health consequences of a decline in one ’s perceived social position. The present study examined whether downward mobility in SSS among male refugees from Syria to Germany is associated with depression. We found that refugees who e...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Healthcare and Social Services Providers Who Serve Sexual and Gender Minorities in a U.S.-Mexico Border City
AbstractSexual and gender minorities, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals, experience barriers to healthcare as a result of stigma, discrimination, and poor cultural competence by healthcare and social services providers (HCSSP). The purpose of the study is to increase access to care and services for the LGBTQ community in a U.S.-Mexico border city by identifying LGBTQ-friendly HCSSP. A survey, developed based on concerns voiced in a predominantly Hispanic LGBTQ community, was administered to HCSSP and used to create a referral list, “The Purple Pages of El Paso” (PPoEP)...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trends in Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Childhood Asthma in Miami, Florida: 2005 –2013
AbstractNationally, racial and ethnic disparities in childhood asthma plateaued from 2005 to 2013. We assessed trends in childhood asthma in Miami, Florida using Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) data and emergency department (ED) utilization and hospitalization rates by zip code population characteristics. Asthma prevalence in Miami did not vary significantly by race/ethnicity in YRBSS respondents in 2005 (16.2 –17.2%, all groups), but rose in African–Americans and Hispanics and declined in Whites by 2013 to 27.9, 20.9 and 12.6%, respectively (P = 0.02). Median asthma ED visit rates...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 30, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychological Outcomes of Within-Group Sexual Violence: Evidence of Cultural Betrayal
This study provides evidence for cultural betrayal trauma theory, as the findings suggest that outcomes from the same experience—within-group sexual violence—is affected by minority status. This work has implications for how mental health is underst ood, investigated, and treated in immigrant and minority populations. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 29, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnic and Racial Disparities in HPV Vaccination Attitudes
AbstractThere are substantial racial and ethnic disparities in the vaccination rate for human papillomavirus (HPV), which helps protect against cervical cancer. Using data from the 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey, we explore differences between Whites, Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians in attitudes toward vaccinating adolescent girls for HPV. We use logistic regression models to explore whether racial/ethnic differences in attitudes toward HPV vaccinations are explained by HPV knowledge, demographic and socioeconomic status, and/or general distrust of the healthcare system. We include interactions to explore whe...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Behavioral Interventions to Reduce Condomless Sex and Increase HIV Testing for Latino MSM
This article provides a systematic review of intervention programs to reduce condomless sex and/or increase HIV testing among Latino MSM. We searched four electronic databases using a systematic review protocol, screened 1777 unique records, and identified ten interventions analyzing data from 2871 Latino MSM. Four studies reported reductions in condomless anal intercourse, and one reported reductions in number of sexual partners. All studies incorporated surface structure cultural features such as bilingual study recruitment, but the incorporation of deep structure cultural features, such asmachismo andsexual silence, was...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Diabetes Self-Care Behaviors Among Marshallese Adults Living in the United States
AbstractMarshallese experience high rates of type 2 diabetes. Proper management of diabetes requires multiple self-care behaviors, yet little is known about Marshallese ’s diabetes-related self-care behaviors. Survey data from 111 Marshallese adults with diabetes were used to examine relationships between self-care behaviors and socio-demographic characteristics. The most common self-care behavior was attending annual doctor visits, while the least common was mai ntaining a normal weight. Age group, education level, and having a regular doctor were significantly associated with engaging in self-care behaviors. Having...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research