Latinx Undocumented Older Adults, Health Needs and Access to Healthcare
AbstractAn estimated 10.5 million undocumented immigrants reside in the U.S.; 10% are 55 and older. Undocumented older adults do not qualify for Medicaid or Social Security benefits even though many pay taxes. The study examines undocumented older adults ’ perceptions on their health status and their experiences in accessing health care. In-depth semi-structured interviews were used to facilitate dialogue with undocumented older adults (N = 30) ages 55–63 (M = 61.67,SD = 5.50). Most of the participants were Mexican (n = 26, 87%) and had lived in the U.S. on average 21&nbs...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Immigrant Status and Undiagnosed Dementia: The Role of Limited English Proficiency
This study investigates whether immigrant status is a risk factor for developing dementia and having undiagnosed dementia, as well as the role of limited English proficiency (LEP) as a mediator in the association. Data were drawn from the 2011 wave of the National Health and Aging Trends Study. The sample consisted of 7385 adults aged 65  years and older (6567 U.S.-born and 818 foreign-born). Step-wise logistic regression analyses were performed. Older immigrants had 70% greater odds of having dementia compared to U.S.-born participants. Among those with dementia (n = 1920), older immigrants showed 119% ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Induced Abortion and Migration to Metropolitan Paris by Sub-Saharan African Women: The Role of Intendedness of Pregnancy
AbstractMigration can affect reproductive outcomes due to different socioeconomic and cultural contexts before and after migration, to changes in the affective and conjugal status of women and to their life conditions. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between international migration and abortion. The data came from a retrospective life-event survey from sub-Saharan African women living in Île-de-France. Differences in abortion distribution before and after migration were assessed using the Pearson chi-square test, and the association between the predictor and the outcome was investigated using ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Among Asylum Seekers in Italy: A Population-Based Survey in Sicily
AbstractItalian coasts are docking berths for the majority of boats carrying asylum seekers coming from Middle East and Sub-Saharan countries. These people escaped from their home countries in an effort to survive war, hunger and torture. These experiences might have affected their mental health, which became more endangered during their journey. The main aim of our work was to assess the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in asylum seekers in a first aid facility, where immigrants were aided after their arrival. Thus, we designed a cross-sectional survey with paper-and-pen questionnaires. The setting was ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Long-Term Impact of Political Activism on Mental Wellbeing in the Context of Adult Immigrants Who Experienced Childhood Political Trauma
AbstractThere is limited literature on the long-term impact of political activism on mental wellbeing in the context of childhood political trauma and subsequent forced migration. Such information is important for developing mental health services suitable to this population. This qualitative study contributes to this gap by exploring the experience of an understudied population: adult Jewish Argentinian immigrants to Israel, who as children experienced the military dictatorship in Argentina (1976 –1983). Thematic textual analysis of narrative interviews revealed that in the case of participants who escaped with thei...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Violence Victimization Among Adolescents from Culturally or Ethnically Diverse South Korean Families
This study compared the prevalence of violence victimization requiring hospital treatment among adolescents that are culturally or ethnically diverse and those that are South Korean living in South Korea. This study used a nationally representative data set of 63,376 adolescents obtained from the Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey conducted in 2015 by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hierarchical multivariable logistic regression was conducted to calculate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for violence victimization in each group of culturally diverse adolescents compare...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Nepali Migrant Workers and the Need for Pre-departure Training on Mental Health: A Qualitative Study
This study aims to identify triggers of mental ill-health among Nepali migrant workers and their perceptions on the  need of mental health components in the pre-departure orientation programme. We conducted five focus group discussions (FGD) and seven in-depth interviews with Nepali migrant workers and eight semi-structured interviews with stakeholders working for migrants. Participants were invited at Kathmandu ’s international airport on return from abroad, at hotels or bus stations near the airport, through organisations working for migrants, and participants’ network. All FGD and interviews were conduc...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Antenatal Care Utilization and Obstetric and Newborn Outcomes Among Pregnant Refugees Attending a Specialized Refugee Clinic
AbstractTo characterize the antenatal care utilization and obstetric and newborn outcomes among refugee women at a specialized refugee clinic and determine whether these outcomes varied between refugees (government-assisted or privately-sponsored) and asylum seekers. This retrospective cohort study included women receiving antenatal care at a specialized refugee clinic between 2011 and 2016. Time from arrival to first clinic visit, Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization Index, and obstetric and newborn outcomes were examined, stratified by refugee category. Amongst 179 women, median time from arrival to first clinic visit w...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acculturation and Perceived Ethnic Discrimination Predict Elevated Blood Glucose Level in Sub-Saharan African Immigrants in Australia
This study aimed to investigate associations between acculturation, PED and EBGL in a sub-Saharan African migrant population in Australia. Face to face survey using a purposive sampling method was used to collect data from 170 adults, aged 18 –72 years. A large proportion (41.8%) of the study group was in the integration mode of acculturation, which strongly correlated positively with EBGL/T2DM, although traditional mode correlated inversely with EBGL/T2DM. PED correlated positively with EBG/LT2DM. Immigrants manifesting the integrati on mode were 4.2 times more likely to have EBGL/T2DM than other acculturation ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Identifying Urban Immigrant Food-Cultivation Practices for Culturally-Tailored Garden-Based Nutrition Programs
AbstractGarden-based nutrition programs are used to address food access and nutrition in low-income communities. In urban immigrant communities, food-growing practices may be shaped by environmental and cultural factors, and may not reflect the assumptions behind these curricula. Built-environment research was adapted to develop a protocol for assessing a community ’s gardening practices. A random sample of census blocks was generated and mapped, observational protocols developed, iteratively tested and refined, then fieldworkers trained and deployed. Daily debriefings were conducted to identify challenges in field i...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

HPV Self-sampling in Indigenous Communities: A Scoping Review
AbstractIndigenous women have higher rates of cervical cancer and cervical cancer mortality compared to non-Indigenous women, as well as unique challenges to accessing screening services. Human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling has been demonstrated as an effective measure to reach under-screened women. A scoping review identified 19 sources matching selection criteria through a systematic search of PubMed and Scopus completed in May 2018. Analysis revealed that this is a limited field of research; albeit one that has undergone growth in the last 7  years. HPV self-sampling is identified as easy, convenient, comforta...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mental Health Problems Among Adolescents in Sweden from 1995 to 2011: The Role of Immigrant Status and the Proportions of Immigrant Adolescents in Their Surrounding Community
AbstractWe compared the mental health of native and immigrant adolescents in Sweden from 1995 to 2011 and examined whether the municipality-level proportion of immigrant adolescents moderated the association between individual-level immigrant status and mental health. The sample (14,189 adolescents aged 15 –16) was obtained from a repeated cross-sectional study conducted from 1995 to 2011. Adolescent self-report data (gender, immigrant status, economic situation, and mental health) and municipality-level data (proportion of immigrant adolescents) were used in multilevel linear regression analyses. I mmigrant adolesce...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Predictors of Awareness, Accessibility and Acceptability of Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Among English- and Spanish-Speaking Latino Men Who have Sex with Men in Los Angeles, California
We examined awareness, accessibility, acceptability and use of PrEP among LMSM. LMSM were recruited using social/sexual networking apps. Multiple Logistic regressions identified significant predictors of PrEP awareness, accessibility and acceptability. Among 276 participants, only 6% reported current PrEP use. Among non-PrEP users, 85% reported PrEP awareness, 71% indicated high likelihood of future PrEP use, but only 35% reported knowledge about accessing PrEP. In multiple logistic regressions, a lower likelihood of PrEP awareness was associated with lower level education, whereas a higher likelihood was associated with r...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adverse Childhood Experiences in Non-Westernized Nations: Implications for Immigrant and Refugee Health
AbstractAs the immigrant and refugee population continues to increase in the United States, healthcare providers need to be aware of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) these populations may have endured, and the potential health effects of these events. ACE research has been conducted with predominantly highly-educated, older Caucasians living in high-income countries which limits generalizability. A systematic review examined ACE prevalence and outcomes in persons living in poor, low-, and middle-income nations, often the home countries of U.S. immigrants and refugees. Fourteen studies conducted in 17 nations were inclu...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Co-occurrence of Daily Smoking, Binge Drinking and IPV Among Latino Expectant Fathers
We describe the co-occurrence of daily smoking, binge drinking, and intimate partner violence (IPV) behaviors among Latino expectant fathers and examine factors associated with the co-occurrence of these behaviors. We conducted a secondary analysis of baseline data from the Parejas Trial, a randomized controlled trial testing a culturally tailored couples-based smoking cessation intervention. We used Kruskal –Wallis test statistics to explore the relationship of the co-occurring behavior and demographic and cultural factors. All participants smoked as was a requirement of being in the trial, but only 39% smoked daily...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Work Stress and Depressive Symptoms in Chinese Migrant Workers: The Moderating Role of Community Factors
This study aimed to examine depressive symptoms in ruralurban migrant workers in mainland China, with a focus on the moderating roles of community factors (i.e., community support network, community cohesion and community composition) in the relation between work stress and depressive symptoms. This study used secondary data from a national representative study conducted by the Social Survey Center at SUN-YETSEN University of China in 2014. The final sample contained 1434 participants from 29 provinces of China (Mean age  = 36.47, SD = 11.91). Being female, lower self-rated health, lower levels ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Relationships Between Perceived Discrimination and Utilization of Mental Health Services Among African Americans and Caribbean Blacks
This study contributes to the emerging body of evidence demonstrating that perce ived discrimination has a strong connection with the utilization of mental health services. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Immigration Legal Services as a Structural HIV Intervention for Latinx Sexual and Gender Minorities
AbstractLack of legal immigration status is associated with poor HIV-related outcomes for immigrant Latinx sexual and gender minorities (LSGM). LSGM often meet eligibility criteria for legal immigration relief. A Medical-Legal Partnership (MLP) may thus be strategic to improve their health. We know little about the challenges LSGM face during the immigration legal process. We conducted in-depth interviews with six key informants and sixteen LSGM who recently applied for immigration legal relief. We coded and analyzed the data for emergent themes. Challenges to instituting an MLP for LSGM included lack of specialized traini...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers to and Interest in Lung Cancer Screening Among Latino and Non-Latino Current and Former Smokers
AbstractLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death in Latinos. In a telephone survey, we assessed perceptions about lung cancer and awareness of, interest in, and barriers to lung screening among older current and former smokers. We compared Latino and non-Latino responses adjusting for age, sex, education, and smoking status using logistic regression models. Of the 460 patients who completed the survey (51.5% response rate), 58.0% were women, 49.3% former smokers, 15.7% Latino, with mean age 63.6  years. More Latinos believed that lung cancer could be prevented compared to non-Latinos (74.6% vs. 48.2%, OR 3.07, C...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Church-Based Sleep Screenings to Detect Mental Health Problems Among Korean-Americans
AbstractKorean-American mental health is poorly understood, and screening for sleep disturbances may be an effective means of identifying at-risk individuals. In partnership with a Korean-American church in Los Angeles, an online survey was administered. The study was conducted at a Korean-American church in Los Angeles, California. The sample consisted of 137 Korean-Americans drawn from the church congregation. Sleep disturbances were measured using a single ordinal variable, and mental health outcomes included nonspecific psychological distress, perceived stress, loneliness, suicidal ideation, hazardous drinking, treatme...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

High Prevalence of Food Insecurity and Factors Associated with Haitian Immigrants in Southern Chile
The objective was to determine the association between sociodemographic factors and food insecurity (FI) in Haitian immigrants in southern Chile. An analytical cross-sectional design was used. The sample consisted of Haitian immigrants residing in Southern Chile, who were recruited from community centers and completed a sociodemographic questionnaire and the Latin-American and Caribbean Food Security Scale. Multivariable analyses were performed to identify factors associated with FI. FI prevalence in the 234 participants was 78%; 60% had severe FI. Having children (OR 3.6; 95% CI 1.6 –7.4), limited Spanish proficienc...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acknowledging Reviewers of 2019
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Domestic Workers from the Philippines in China: An Opportunity for Health Promotion Within the Belt and Road Initiative
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Motivational Interviewing in Ethnic Populations
AbstractMotivational interviewing (MI) is an effective means of facilitating behavior change in a variety of health conditions. However, given its origins in western psychology, its utility in ethnic populations is unclear. Our objective was to examine the effectiveness of MI and its components in people of varying ethnicities and how they may experience MI. We undertook a narrative systematic review of the literature, searching only peer-reviewed research up until February, 2019 with participants who were: ≥ 18 years of age, belonging to an ethnic origin relevant to Canada’s population, and had a heal...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Church-Based Health Interventions Among Latinos
AbstractLatinos face healthcare access barriers and are highly religious. Church-based health interventions could help address these disparities. We conducted a systematic review of church-based health interventions among Latinos using multiple search terms and databases. The 21 articles reviewed represented 19 interventions. Only six were tested through full-scale randomized controlled trials and five had statistically significant improvements in health-related outcomes. Most (16) utilized groups classes, eight promoted screening or preventive services, and three provided these on-site. Few intervened at multiple levels (...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Identification of Cultural and Transcultural Health Assets Among Moroccan, Romanian and Spanish Adolescents Through Photovoice
This study focuses on identifying and comparing the transcultural and cultural assets in health as accounted for by 45 young Romanians, Moroccans and Spaniards living in southern Spain. The research uses a photovoice method to understand what young people consider to boost their health. Of all the photographs taken, each young person selected the six most relevant images, and individual interviews were carried out. Both images and interviews were analysed qualitatively using Atlas Ti. We identified 40 transcultural assets in health that were common among the 3 cultural groups and 7 cultural assets that were specific to cul...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Pilot Study of a Free Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Program on a Mobile Health Center in Miami Dade County, Florida
AbstractIn 2016, the NeighborhoodHELP mobile health centers (MHCs) started to provide free long acting reversible contraception (LARC) for uninsured patients who lacked access due to cost. All female patients with appointments from May 1st, 2016 through April 30th, 2017 were identified. LARC uptake rate, as well as demographics for patients aged 15 –44 who underwent LARC insertion versus those who did not, were determined. Of the 520 female patients seen on the MHCs during the study period, 170 were of reproductive age. Seventeen (10%) patients opted for LARC; 100 % of these patients spoke Spanish or English and 82 %...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Outcomes from a Male-to-Male Promotores Intervention in an Emerging Latino Community
AbstractEmerging Latino communities experience social isolation and lack services tailored to their culture. Few male-to-male promotores (community health workers in Spanish) interventions exist. This 6-month participatory study aimed to improve social support, healthcare access, depressive symptoms, and decrease alcohol consumption among Latino immigrant men. Promotores delivered non-directive social support to participants recruited from community venues. We analyzed baseline and 6-month questionnaires data (n  = 89) using paired chi square tests. All participants were immigrants; 47% had not finished high ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting —Pediatric Physician Knowledge, Training, and General Practice Approach
AbstractFemale genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is outlawed in much of the world but still mainly occurs from infancy-age 15. Many at-risk and FGM/C-affected girls live in the US. No standard pediatric training exists. A questionnaire assessing FGM/C education, knowledge, diagnostic confidence and external genital examination (EGE) approach was sent to pediatric listservs at 3 hospitals and a child abuse pediatrician (CAP) network. Analysis used χ2 and Fisher ’s exact tests. Compared to general pediatricians, CAP reported more FGM/C education (RR 2.0 [95% CI 1.3–3.2]), awareness of ICD-9/10 codes (RR 3.2 ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Anxiety Symptoms, Depressive Symptoms, and Traditional Chinese Medicine Use in U.S. Chinese Older Adults
This study examined the association between anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) use among U.S. Chinese older adults. Data was obtained from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (N  = 3157; mean age = 72.8). Anxiety symptoms were assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS‐A). Depressive symptoms were assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). TCM modalities included herbal products, acupuncture, massage therapy, Taichi, and other types of TCM. Although not significant, there was a trend indicating that highe...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A National Survey of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use for Treatment Among Asian-Americans
AbstractAsian Americans (AAs) are more likely to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) compared to other race/ethnicities, yet previous studies have conflicting results. The 2012 National Health Interview Survey data was analyzed to investigate AA ’s (n = 2214) CAM use for treatment. AAs were divided into four subgroups: Chinese, Asian Indian, Filipino, and Other Asian. Only 9% of AAs reported using CAM for treatment, with 6% indicating CAM use specifically for chronic conditions. This could be a form of medical pluralism, a mixture of Eastern and Western health approaches. The “Other A...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Access to Maternal and Reproductive Health Care among Somali Refugee Women Resettled in Ohio, United States: A Cross-Sectional Survey
This study examined maternal and reproductive health (MRH) access of Somali refugees in the U.S. across four access dimensions (willingness to seek care, gaining entry to the health system, seeing a primary provider and seeing a specialist). We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 427 Somali refugee reproductive-age women in Franklin County, Ohio. Following descriptive statistics of demographics, we conducted multivariate analyses to test associations between demographics and the four access dimensions. Most Somali refugee women were married (68%), attained primary education (92%), employed (64%) and were circumcised (82%...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Utilisation of Healthcare Services and Medicines by Pakistani Migrants Residing in High Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Thematic Synthesis
AbstractMigration, as a global phenomenon, gives rise to many challenges for healthcare professionals providing care to migrant populations. Migrants originating from diverse cultural backgrounds have unique beliefs and healthcare needs, and their utilisation of healthcare services and medicines is influenced by a number of factors. This review aims to assess the factors influencing the utilisation of healthcare services and medicines among Pakistani migrants residing in high income countries. The databases searched included PubMed/Medline, Scopus, EMBASE, Web of Science, CINAHL, and IPA. Of the 2566 publications initially...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Working Below Skill Level as Risk Factor for Distress Among Latin American Migrants Living in Germany: A Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractAbout 84,710 Latin American migrants currently live in Germany. Knowledge about their work situation in relation to their skill level and its association with mental health is limited. Therefore, the aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of working below skill level and its association with the prevalence of distress in Latin Americans living in Germany. This cross-sectional study included a convenience sample of 282 Latin American migrants living in Germany. Participants were recruited by a short online (Facebook, personal contacts) or interview-based questionnaire from November 2015 to April 2016. Ques...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trauma, Post-Migration Stress, and Mental Health: A Comparative Analysis of Refugees and Immigrants in the United States
AbstractNumerous studies describe mental health effects of pre-migration trauma and post-resettlement stress among refugees, yet less research examines these associations with non-refugee immigrants. Additionally, few studies assess the prevalence and impact of traumatic experiences after settlement in a new country. Using a U.S.-based representative sample of Asian (n  = 1637) and Latino (n = 1620) refugees and immigrants, we investigated how traumatic events prior to and after migration, and post-migration stressors, are associated with mental illness and distress. Pre-migration trauma posed r...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Heterogeneity in Tobacco-Use Behaviors Among U.S. Blacks per Global Region of Origin
AbstractHeterogeneity in tobacco-use behaviors among U.S. blacks by global region of origin and age at immigration was examined. Self-identified black participants from the 2006 –2015 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey were included (n = 47,857). Countries of origin were classified by global regions (U.S., Africa, Europe, West Indies). Multivariable logistic regression models, adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, were used to examine th e association of global region of origin and age at immigration with tobacco-use behaviors. Prevalence of current cigarette smoking a...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health and Healthcare Needs of Koreans in San Francisco Bay Area: The Korean Needs Assessment (KoNA) Project
AbstractKorean Americans (KA) face a significant burden of health disparities. However, limited data are available on their health needs. This health needs assessment includes a community-based sample of 342 KA from the San Francisco Bay Area. The assessment investigated participants ’ sociodemographic characteristics, health status, and their healthcare needs. Nearly half of the survey participants rated their health as fair or poor,>  30% did not have a usual place for healthcare, and chronic conditions were prevalent. Limited English Proficiency (LEP) was significantly associated with low self-rated heal...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: The Prevalence of Mental Illness and Substance Abuse Among Rural Latino Adults with Multiple Adverse Childhood Experiences in California
The original version of this article unfortunately published without acknowledgement section. The complete funding information is given below. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers to Accessing and Negotiating Mental Health Services in Asylum Seeking and Refugee Populations: The Application of the Candidacy Framework
AbstractThis review brought together research investigating barriers asylum seekers and refugees (AS&R) face in accessing and negotiating mental health (MH) services. The candidacy framework (CF) was used as synthesizing argument to conceptualize barriers to services (Dixon-Woods et al. in BMC Med Res Methodol 6:35,2006). Five databases were systematically searched. Twenty-three studies were included and analyzed using the CF. The seven stages of the framework were differentiated into two broader processes —access and negotiation of services. Comparatively more data was available on barriers to access than negoti...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Breastfeeding Practices of Ethnic Minorities in China: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study of 10,408 Mothers
The article Breastfeeding Practices of Ethnic Minorities in China: A Population ‑Based Cross‑Sectional Study of 10,408 Mothers, written by Yu Zhang, Hanyu Wang, Yiqing Wang and Kun Tang, was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on July 19, 2019 without open access. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dance Dance “Cultural” Revolution: Tailoring a Physical Activity Intervention for South Asian Children
This study uses a mixed-methods embedded design to investigate factors associated with physical activity (PA) among SAs, and develops a culturally-relevant exercise intervention for SA children ages 8 –11. Twenty-eight (28) participants including children, parents, principals, teachers, and Bhangra instructors across four elementary schools in Surrey, BC participated in semi-structured interviews and a self-report survey. Using the immersion/crystallization approach, four major themes were iden tified: (1) awareness of the importance and benefits of PA, (2) discrepancy between expectations and actual opportunities fo...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sociodemographic Characteristics Associated with Harmful Use of Alcohol Among Economically and Socially Disadvantaged Immigrant Patients in Italy
This study aimed at exploring sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with harmful use of alcohol (HUA) among immigrant patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Rome (Italy) on a sample of 330 immigrant patients admitted to the gastroenterology outpatient clinic of the INMP (March 2013 –October 2014). HUA was evaluated through the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) questionnaire. The presence of psychiatric disorders was diagnosed through SCID I–II interviews. The association between sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric disorders and HUA was evaluate d throu...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Using Electronic Health Record Data to Study Latino Immigrant Populations in Health Services Research
We presented them with a list of patients (masked to the interviewer) with whom they had worked, and asked them to indicate patient ’s immigration status, if they recalled it. We analyzed the correspondence between staff knowledge and our EHR algorithm. Staff described routine conversations with patients about immigration status. The EHR algorithm had fair agreement (66.2%, 95% CI 57.3–74.2) with staff knowledge. When the st aff were more confident of their assessment, agreement increased (77.6%, 95% CI 63.4–88.2). The EHR has potential for studying immigration status in health services research, although...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Gender Differences in Acculturative Stress and Habitual Sleep Duration in Korean American Immigrants
AbstractKorean American immigrants (KAIs) face diverse sociocultural stressors in the acculturation process. While stress is known to cause short sleep, little is known about how acculturative stress affects sleep differently for KAI men and women. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine gender differences in the association between diverse domains of acculturative stress and sleep duration among KAIs. Middle-aged KAIs were recruited in community settings and online. KAIs completed validated measures of acculturative stress (homesickness, social isolation, employment barriers, discrimination, civic disenga...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

South Asian Health: Inflammation, Infection, Exposure, and the Human Microbiome
AbstractThis paper presents the results of the literature review conducted for the working group topic on inflammation, infection, exposure, and the human microbiome. Infection and chronic inflammation can elevate risk for cardiovascular disease and cancer. Environmental exposures common among South Asian (SA) subgroups, such as arsenic exposure among Bangladeshis and particulate matter air pollution among taxi drivers, also pose risks. This review explores the effects of exposure to arsenic and particulate matter, as well as other infections common among SAs, including human papillomavirus (HPV) and hepatitis B/C infectio...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Disease & amp; Cancer Risk Among South Asians: Impact of Sociocultural Influences on Lifestyle and Behavior
AbstractA comprehensive literature review revealed cultural beliefs, societal obligations, and gender roles within the South Asian community to be indirect contributors to the health of South Asian immigrants (SAIs). Health professionals need to increase their work with SAI communities to change less beneficial cultural elements such as misconceptions about health and exercise, and lack of communication when using alternative medicines. Community engaged efforts and continuing medical education are both needed to improve the health of the South Asian immigrant population in a culturally appropriate manner. (Source: Journal...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

South Asian Health. From Research to Practice and Policy: An Overview
AbstractThe US South Asian population has grown tremendously, and is now over 2.5 million. South Asians often face tremendous cultural, socioeconomic, linguistic and structural obstacles to good health, and face staggering cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer risk. Coupled with this is a paucity of detailed data on the population ’s unique CVD and cancer risk profiles, etiologic mechanisms, and effective interventions to address South Asian health disparities. This data gap compelled an initiative to develop more targeted research and evidence-based practice and policy approaches. The South Asian Health Initiative...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Guest Editorial: The Health of S Asian Communities in the U.S.
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association Between Neighborhood Cohesion and Cancer Screening Utilization in Chinese American Older Adults
This study aims to examine the association between neighborhood cohesion and cancer screening utilization in a community-dwelling Chinese American older population. Data were drawn from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly including 3159 Chinese American older adults aged 60 and above in the greater Chicago area. Cancer screening utilization was assessed by asking whether participants had undergone colon, breast, cervical, or prostate cancer screening. Neighborhood cohesion was measured through six questions. Logistic regression analysis showed that greater neighborhood cohesion was associated with higher likelihood of ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Emergency Department and Primary Care Use by Refugees Compared to Non-refugee Controls
We examined data from emergency department (ED) and primary care (PC) visits of 694 refugees and 738 non-refugee controls over a 3 years period at a large academic medical center, comparing visit frequ encies, Emergency Severity Index (ESI) scores, diagnoses, and dispositions. Refugees used emergency care services less frequently than the non-refugee controls (1.19 vs. 2.31, p 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research