Factors Associated with the Presence of Strong Social Supports in Bhutanese Refugee Women During Pregnancy
AbstractSocial support may mitigate stress related to the refugee experience, including during resettlement. For refugee women, social support can play an important role during pregnancy. In-depth interviews were conducted within a sample of 45 Bhutanese refugee women. Perceived social support was measured using the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire. Averaged social support scores are reported to account for personal network size. Participants were identified as “low support” and “high support” based on their reported score. The mean social support score reported was 18.9. Participants experienci...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Pilot Study Evaluating Organochlorine and Organophosphate Pesticide Exposure in Children and Adolescents of Mexican Descent Residing in Hidalgo County, Texas
AbstractChildren and adolescents of Mexican descent residing in Hidalgo County (TX) were evaluated for exposure to organochlorine (OC) and organophosphate (OP) pesticides. A convenience sample of 60 participants enrolled in our pilot study. The lipid-adjusted serum concentrations of nine OC metabolites and creatinine-adjusted urinary concentrations of six OP metabolites were measured and compared with data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ’sFourth Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the concentration levels for each metabolite. Study pa...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Polyvictimization, Related Symptoms, and Familial and Neighborhood Contexts as Longitudinal Mediators of Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Violence Exposure Across Adolescence
AbstractAfrican American and Hispanic adolescent experience more violence exposure relative to White youth. The present study examined the mediating role of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), delinquency, earlier victimization, and familial and neighborhood factors in disparities in future victimization. The study utilized data from the National Survey of Adolescents-Replication (N  = 3,312), which consists of three waves of data collected approximately 1 year apart. A series of path models, tested polyvictimization, PTSS, delinquency, familial socioeconomic factors, and neighborhood safety as mediato...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exploring the ‘Patient Experience’ of Individuals with Limited English Proficiency: A Scoping Review
AbstractIndividuals with limited English proficiency (LEP) face barriers to safe and high-quality health care. ‘Patient-experience’ is increasingly viewed as an important component of health care quality. However, the impact of language proficiency on ‘patient-experience’ is not well-described. This scoping review mapped the literature on the patient experience of individuals with LEP. We reviewed si xty qualitative and mixed-methods studies from EMBASE and MEDLINE published between 2007 and 2017. We identified four major themes: (1) Communication, language barriers, and health literacy, (2) Relatio...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Disease Screening Among Immigrants from Eight World Regions
This study seeks to expand knowledge of such preventative-health screening differences by analyzing screening rates for blood sugar, blood pressure, and serum cholesterol among nine groups overall and (for immigrants) at various stages of US residency. Using nationally representative data from the National Health Interview Survey, we find that immigrants from eight geographic regions receive preventative care at lower rates than US-born Whites and that preventative screening is generally higher after 15  years than during the first 4 years of residency in the United States. Importantly, our data also show that sc...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of, and Factors Associated with Intestinal Parasites in Multinational Expatriate Workers in Al Ain City, United Arab Emirates: An Occupational Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractTo estimate the prevalence of, and identify factors associated with intestinal parasites (IPs) in expatriate workers in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). All expatriate workers (N  = 115) in a conveniently selected workplace in the industrial district of Al Ain city were invited to participate in a cross-sectional study. Consenting workers completed an interviewer-led questionnaire and self-collected stool samples. Stool samples were microscopically and molecularly screen ed for the presence of IPs. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. Overall, 102 (88.7%) workers participated in the sur...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Associations with the  Receipt of Colon Cancer Screening Among a Diverse Sample of Arab Americans in NYC
This study explores associations with the receipt of CRC screening among AA in New York City. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 100 individuals attending religious and community organizations with interviewer-administered surveys in Arabic and English. Results from 100 participants showed they were more likely to complete CRC screening with a doctor recommendation (74%) and were more likely to get a recommendation with a high school education or higher (86%). Uninsured participants and those with public insurance were the least likely to complete screening. Those with a higher mean score in Spiritual Life/Faith ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Haitian Immigrants and Type 2 Diabetes: An Integrative Review
This study has implications for practice for integrating the unique cultural factors when assessing and intervening with HIs. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Perspectives of Caregivers on the Effects of Migration on the Nutrition, Health and Physical Activity of their Young Children: A Qualitative Study with Immigrant and Refugee Families
AbstractTo explore perspectives on nutrition, health and physical activity among immigrant parents with young children before and after migration. We conducted focus groups in five languages (Arabic, Somali, Dari, Burmese and Nepali), then conducted a phenomenological analysis of the transcripts. Fifty caregivers participated; 42% spent time in a refugee camp. Within the domainChange in Environment, four themes emerged: (1) food access; (2) family experiences with weight and growth; (3) differences in physical activity and perceptions of safety; and (4) health care experience. Within the domain ofParenting Behaviors and Ex...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Association Between Acculturation and Prenatal Psychosocial Stress Among Latinas
AbstractLatinas experience high levels of stress in pregnancy, however few studies have investigated how acculturation affects pregnancy mental health among Latinas. The goal of this study was to determine if acculturation was associated with pregnancy stress among pregnant, predominantly Puerto Rican women. Participants (n  = 1426) were enrolled in Proyecto Buena Salud, a prospective cohort study of Latinas. Acculturation on a bi-dimensional scale that allows for identification with both Latina and continental US cultures (i.e., bi-cultural vs. high or low acculturation) was measured in early pregnancy via t...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Preferences of Resettled Refugees on Pictograms Describing Common Symptoms of Illness
AbstractIllustrated health resources are useful for people who have limited English linguistic ability. The aim was to compare the preferences of resettled refugees from Africa and non-African countries, on pictograms describing common symptoms of illness. Data were collected in two cities in Queensland, Australia. Participants indicated their preference for three types of pictograms depicting seven symptoms. Pictogram sources included the International Pharmaceutical Federation, royalty-free stock images, and pictograms designed in South Africa. For all ailments, participants (n  = 81) from Africa preferred ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Mental Health Paraprofessional Training for Filipina Foreign Domestic Workers in Singapore
AbstractResearch has found that 24% of foreign domestic workers (FDWs) in Singapore have poor mental health (24%), with depressive symptoms being identified as the second most severe psychological symptoms [1]. The study assessed the acceptability and effectiveness of a 4-week cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-based paraprofessional training program for FDWs in Singapore on depression literacy and CBT knowledge (primary outcomes), depression-related stigma, as well as attitudes towards seeking professional help (secondary outcomes) immediately and 2  months following the training. Forty female Filipino FDWs were recr...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The 6-D Model of National Culture as a Tool to Examine Cultural Interpretation of Migration Trauma-Related Dissociative Disorder: A Case Series
AbstractDissociative experiences are common in traumatized individuals who can use dissociation as a psychological escape from emotional and physical distress associated with overwhelming traumatic events. Traumatic experiences and the cultural interpretation of trauma-related symptoms often serve to explain the wide range of dissociative phenomenology; in fact, dissociation is a complex and ubiquitous construct present in a variety of mental disorders. The Six-Dimensions Model of National Culture has been used as a tool to compare patients ’ different cultural background that could have accounted for the different c...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acculturation and Exposure to Secondhand Smoke in the Home Among Vietnamese Immigrants in Metropolitan Atlanta
This study represents the first effort to examine associations between various measures of acculturation and past 30-day secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among Vietnamese-Americans in metro-Atlanta, one of the areas with the highest number of Vietnamese-Americans in the U.S. Survey data of 96 Vietnamese-American nonsmoking adults attending health fairs/programs hosted by community-based organizations (2017 –2018) were analyzed. Acculturation-related predictors included Vancouver Acculturation Index, language fluency, years in the U.S., and area-level proportion of Asian residents. The sample was an average 37.49 ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Willingness to Use a Nursing Home in Asian Americans
This study explores factors associated with willingness to use a nursing home in Asian Americans. Focus is given to demographic variables (age, gender, ethnicity, marital status, and education), health-related variables (chronic medical condition and self-rated health), immigration-related variables (time in the U.S. and acculturation), and family-related variables (family network and family solidarity). Cross-sectional study. Data were drawn from  2551 participants in the 2015 Asian American Quality of Life Survey (aged 18–98). Participants were asked to indicate whether they would be willing to use a nursing h...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Possible Mental Disorders in Syrian Refugees Resettling in the United States Screened at Primary Care
AbstractLittle is known about mental health problems among newly arrived Syrian refugees in the US. It is important to determine the prevalence of common consequences of exposure to trauma and high stress, and provide needed interventions, as these conditions if untreated, can be detrimental to mental and physical health. Adult Syrian refugees (n  = 157, 47.1% women, 52.9% men) were screened at one-month mandatory primary care health visit for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression using PTSD Checklist, and Hopkins Symptoms Checklist. Prevalence of possible diagnoses was high for PTSD (3...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy for Hepatitis C Infection in a Large Immigrant Community
AbstractHepatitis C treatment has rapidly evolved with the arrival of direct-acting antiviral therapy. Sustained virologic response (SVR) rates in clinical trials are high but it is unknown how this translates to the immigrant community. Data from December 2013 to September 2015 was collected from a Midwest academic and community practice with a large immigrant population. There were 802 patients with an overall SVR rate of 88%. Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir was associated with favorable response among genotype 1 and 4 patients compared to other regimens (p  
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Guards in Prisons: A Risk Group for Latent Tuberculosis Infection
AbstractTo determine the prevalence and incidence of LTBI among prison guards and to the risk factors associated with infection. Two male prisons in Medell ín and Itaguí, Colombia. A cohort study was conducted in adult prison guards that consented to participate. Exclusion criteria included: previous or current active TB, or conditions that preclude TST administration. We screened 194 guards and completed 155 TST administrations. The prevalence of LT BI was 55.8% in prison one, and 39.1% in prison two. The risk factors associated with LTBI diagnosis included drug use at least once in a lifetime (PR: 1.75; 95%...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cultural Considerations in the Assessment of Survivors of Torture
Discussion centers around the utility of a cross-culturally valid measure of distress, and it is hoped that this review will encourage collaboration between clinicians and psychometricians to develop assessments for use with this vulnerable population. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Uptake of Gynecological Cancer Screening and Performance of Breast Self-Examination Among 50-Year-Old Migrant and Non-migrant Women in Germany: Results of a Cross-Sectional Study (InEMa)
AbstractOur aim was to provide data regarding uptake of gynecological early detection measures and performance of breast self-examinations among migrant women in Germany. Cross-sectional self-reported data were collected using paper-and-pencil questionnaires. Descriptive analyses, Chi square-tests, and logistic regression were applied. Results were adjusted for educational level. Of 5387 women, 89.9% were autochthonous, 4.1% German resettlers, 2.8% Turkish, 3.1% other migrants. Participation rates regarding cancer screening differed significantly, with the lowest proportion in Turkish migrants (65.0%), resettlers (67.8%), ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Scoping Review of Undocumented Immigrants and Palliative Care: Implications for the Canadian Context
AbstractApproximately 30 –40 million undocumented immigrants worldwide suffer restricted health care. A scoping review was conducted to determine what is known about this population’s palliative end-of-life care experiences. The scoping review followed Arksey and O’Malley’s methodological framework. Databases searc hed included CINAHL, Medline, ProQuest, Scopus, and PHRED. Search terms included uninsured care, palliative care, undocumented immigrants, and terminally ill. The search revealed limited peer-reviewed and grey literature on the topic. A total of six articles met inclusion criteria, o...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Preventive Health Screening Disparities Among Immigrants: Exploring Barriers to Care
This study advances knowledge in this area by investigating the explanatory strength of such factors for cardiovascular risk screening across eight immigrant groups. Using nationally representative data from the National Health Interview Survey, we test the hypothesis that known correlates of preventive healthcare seeking differ in their ability to predict screening behavior depending on region of origin. Results show that health service factors (lack of insurance and no place for care) are fairly consistent predictors of preventive screening while socioeconomic and immigration-related factors are less so. These findings s...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Health Needs of Female Labor Migrants from Central Asia in Russia
AbstractThere has been an increasing number of women migrating for work from Central Asia to Russia in recent years, yet very little is known about their specific health needs. We conducted a scoping study to understand what is known about their health and to identify the gaps and research priorities among this population. We conducted a literature review and key informant interviews. Our findings were grouped around general health issues, access to and utilization of health care services, and sexual and reproductive health concerns. Through our review, we identified the following priority research areas: stress, accultura...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Loneliness, Cardiovascular Disease, and Diabetes Prevalence in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study
We examined whether loneliness was associated with CVD and DM, and whether age, sex, marital status, and years in U.S moderated these associations. Participants were 5,313 adults (M (SD) age  = 42.39 (15.01)) enrolled in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Loneliness was assessed via the 3-item Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale. Level of reported loneliness was low. Loneliness was significantly associated with CVD: OR 1.10 (CI 1.01–1.20) and DM: OR 1.08 (CI 1.00–1.16) after adjusting for depression, demographics, body mass index, and smoking status. Age,...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Childhood Adversity and Psychosocial Health Outcomes in Later Life Among Immigrants in Canada
In conclusion, the findings show that experience of physical and sexual abuse during childhood is associated with negative mental health outcomes in later life. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Five Years Later: The Impact of a Hunger Strike on Undocumented Migrant Workers in Brussels
AbstractFive years after a hunger strike of undocumented migrant workers, participants were interviewed to find out about the long term consequences and what the post-factum evaluation of their participation was. A longitudinal observational study was set up, interviewing 46 of the 100 ex-hunger strikers and combining quantitative and qualitative research. This grassroots study shows that one out of six did not derive any benefit from their participation. Half regretted their participation, especially the ones who lost again their legal permit, mentioning health consequences and the fact that their situation hadn ’t ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Vaccine-Preventable Disease-Associated Hospitalisations Among Migrant and Non-migrant Children in New Zealand
AbstractMigrants may experience a higher burden of vaccine-preventable disease (VPD)-associated hospitalisations compared to the host population. A retrospective cohort study from 2006 to 2015 was conducted that linked de-identified data from government sources using Statistic NZ ’s Integrated Data Infrastructure. VPD-related hospitalisations were compared between three cohorts of children from birth to 5 years old: foreign-born children who migrated to NZ, children born in NZ of recent migrant mothers, and a comparator group of children born in NZ without a recent migrat ion background. VPD-related hospitalisat...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Qualitative Exploration of Somali Refugee Women ’s Experiences with Family Planning in the U.S.
AbstractThe purpose of our study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and experiences of Somali refugee women with family planning in the U.S. We conducted focus groups of Somali refugee women and used grounded theory methodology to identify emergent themes. Fifty-three women, aged 18 –49 years, participated. Somali refugee women’s cultural and religious beliefs and social identities strongly influence their conceptualization of family planning. Participants agreed that a woman’s fertility is ultimately decided by Allah and identified environmental changes after immigratio n and the desire to opt...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Stress and Health of Internally Displaced Female Yezidis in Northern Iraq
AbstractBurden and vulnerability factors after the genocide by ISIS accumulate to a high risk of health for displaced Yezidi women having survived or escaped the “ISIS” persecutions and massacres 2014. In May 2017, standardized interviews, including tests for the acquisition of healthrelated quality of life (SF12), stress (PSS10) and experienced trauma were performed with 29 and a medical anamnesis with 10 displaced female Yezidi in camps for internally displaced people (IDP) and unofficial settlements in Northern Iraq. 58, 62% stated their general health as “poor”, 17.24% each as “fair”...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Emerging Lingo-Cultural Inequality in Infant Autopsy in Quebec, Canada
AbstractWe investigated trends in infant autopsy for Francophones and Anglophones in Quebec, Canada. Using death certificates, we extracted 8214 infant deaths between 1989 and 2013. We computed rates of non-autopsy by language, socioeconomic disadvantage, age at death, and period. Using Kitagawa ’s method, we decomposed non-autopsy rates over time for both language groups. Infant non-autopsy rates increased from 38.6 to 56.2 per 100 for Francophones, and from 41.2 to 57.2 per 100 for Anglophones, between 1989–1995 and 2008–2013. Trends in English-speakers were driven by socioeconomica lly disadvantaged An...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trends in Chronic Diseases Reported by Refugees Originating from Burma Resettling to the United States from Camps Versus Urban Areas During 2009 –2016
We examined changes in the prevalence of chronic health conditions among US-bound refugees originating from Burma resettling over 8  years by the type of living arrangement before resettlement, either in camps (Thailand) or in urban areas (Malaysia). Using data from the required overseas medical exam for 73,251 adult (≥ 18 years) refugees originating from Burma resettling to the United States during 2009–2016, we assesse d average annual percent change (AAPC) in proportion ≥ 45 years and age- and sex-standardized prevalence of obesity, diabetes, hypertension, chronic obstruct...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Limited English Proficiency and Health Service Use in Asian Americans
AbstractThe present study examined the extent to which limited English proficiency (LEP) poses a risk to health service use in Asian Americans. With data drawn from the 2015 Asian American Quality of Life Survey (N = 2594), logistic regression was used to model the odds for four outcomes (no usual place for care, no regular check-up, unmet needs for medical care, and communication problems in healthcare settings). More than 62% of the sample had LEP. In the group with LEP, the odds of not having usual pla ce for care increased by 2.09 times, of not having regular check-up by 1.69 times, of having unmet needs ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Parsing the Paradox: Hispanic Mortality in the US by Detailed Cause of Death
AbstractUS Hispanics are a disadvantaged population that paradoxically has lower mortality rates than non-Hispanic whites. We conducted a descriptive analysis of age-adjusted mortality rates for 113 causes of death for US Hispanics (USH) and US non-Hispanic whites (USNHW) during 1999 –2015. All-cause, age-adjusted mortality rates per 100,000 were: 581.1 USH and 788.8 USNHW. Lower Hispanic mortality from cancer, heart disease, and respiratory disease accounted for almost all the all-cause mortality gap. USH rates were higher than USNHW rates for cancers of the stomach, liver, a nd cervix; diabetes mellitus; liver dise...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Social Disconnection as a Risk Factor for Health among Cambodian Refugees and Their Offspring in the United States
This study underscores the importance of understanding the specific risks that social disconnection poses to refugee s who have resettled many years before and their offspring that may assist in better serving currently settling refugees within the United States. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Migrant Healthcare Guidelines: A Systematic Quality Assessment
AbstractSignificant international and cross-border migration has led to a growing availability of migrant healthcare guidelines (MHGs), which we systematically reviewed for quality. PubMed, MEDLINE, CINHAL, PsychINFO and guideline developer/guideline databases were searched for MHGs published 2006 –2016. Three independent reviewers assessed eligible MHGs using the Appraisal of Guidelines, Research and Evaluation II instrument (AGREE II). MHGs were identified as high quality if they had a score of ≥ 60% in at least three of the six domains, including “rigour of development”, and over all quality ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

From Theory to Application: A Description of Transnationalism in Culturally-Appropriate HIV Interventions of Outreach, Access, and Retention Among Latino/a Populations
We describe interventions in terms of the strategies used, the theory informing design and the tailoring, and the integration of transnationalism. We argue how applying the tran snational framework may improve the quality and effectiveness of services in response to the initiative’s overall goal, which is to produce innovative, robust, evidence-informed strategies that go beyond traditional tailoring approaches for HIV interventions with Latino/as populations. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Multidimensional Loss Scale with Refugee Women-at-Risk Recently Arrived in Australia
AbstractRefugee women-at-risk represent a distinct and vulnerable refugee population. We investigated the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Loss Scale (MLS) with 104 women-at-risk, recently-arrived in Australia. Cross-sectional survey included: the MLS (indexing loss events and loss distress); Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (Indexing Trauma Events and Trauma Symptoms), and; Hopkins Symptom Checklist-37 (indexing anxiety, depression, and somatization symptoms). Exploratory factor analyses of MLS loss distress revealed a six-factor model (loss of symbolic self; loss of home; loss of interdependence; loss of past ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exploring the Role of Depression as a Moderator of a Workplace Obesity Intervention for Latino Immigrant Farmworkers
AbstractWe explored if and how depression moderated the treatment effect ofPasos Saludables, a successful pilot workplace obesity intervention for Latino immigrant farmworkers. The original randomized controlled study assigned 254 participants 2:1 to a 10-session educational intervention versus control. We assessed the relationship between change in BMI (primary outcome) and interaction of treatment allocation and baseline risk for depression. Baseline CES-D scores indicated that 27.3% of participants were at risk for depression. The interaction between treatment allocation and baseline risk for depression was significant ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Recruiting Filipino Immigrants in a Randomized Controlled Trial Promoting Enrollment in an Evidence-Based Parenting Intervention
We describe lessons learned from using the Matching Model of Recruitment to recruit 215 Filipinos to participate in a large, randomized controlled trial of a culturally tailored video aimed at increasing enrollment in the Incredible Years ® Parent Program. We recruited participants from schools, churches, clinics, community events, and other community-based locations. Facilitators of participation included: partnership with local community groups, conducting research in familiar settings, building on existing social networks, and ma tching perspectives of community members and researchers. Findings suggest recruitment ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Black –White Differences in Willingness to Participate and Perceptions About Health Research: Results from the Population-Based HealthStreet Study
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in Funding section. Some of the vital information is missing in the Funding as well as the article note was not included in the published article. The complete funding information and the missed article note are presented with this erratum. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Black and Puerto Rican Women in Their Late Thirties: A Brief Report
AbstractIn New York City, over 90% of women newly diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are Black and Latina; a quarter of these infections occur among 30 –39 year-olds. A survey was administered to 343 Black and Puerto Rican women (2014–2016) to examine two HIV infection risk factors: relationship exclusivity and having experienced childhood sexual abuse (CSA). A majority of male partners (69.7%) had at least one risk for HIV transmission. Women in non-exclusive sexual relationships (nESRs) had higher-risk partners, but engaged in safer sex practices than those in ESRs. Two-thirds of women in ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Testing a Religiously Tailored Intervention with Somali American Muslim Women and Somali American Imams to Increase Participation in Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening
AbstractSomali American women have low rates of breast and cervical screening. This research aimed to test the feasibility and impact of religiously tailored workshops involving Somali American Muslim women and male imams to improve intention to undergo breast or cervical cancer screening. Religiously tailored workshops addressing cancer screening (each approximately 3  h in length) were conducted with 30 Somali American women and 11 imams. Pre- and post-test surveys measured attitudes toward screening, screening intention, and workshop experience. The workshops were feasible, and both the women and the imams found th...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Lead Exposure in Newly Resettled Pediatric Refugees in Syracuse, NY
This article addresses lead exposure upon arrival and post-resettlement in 705 refugee children (age 0 –16 years) attending a university clinic in Syracuse, NY, a city with a large refugee population. 17% of the newly arrived children had elevated blood lead levels (BLLs) (≥ 5 µg/dL); 10% had elevated BLL upon follow-up; 8.3% of the children’s follow-up elevated BLL were new exposures. 30% were found to have increased BLL at follow-up regardless of arrival status. An analysis of new exposures found a significant proportion of children would have been missed on routine screening that ta...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Role of the Ambulatory Care Clinical Pharmacist in Management of a Refugee Patient Population at a University-Based Refugee Healthcare Clinic
AbstractBackgroundThe International Family Medicine Clinic (IFMC) at University of Virginia Health System serves refugees and special immigrants in Virginia. The IFMC comprises an interprofessional team including a clinical pharmacist.MethodsA retrospective chart review of electronic medical records was performed. Adult refugee patients who attended a scheduled clinical pharmacist visit between October 6, 2015 and December 31, 2016 were included. The primary outcome was to characterize interventions made by a clinical pharmacist. Secondary outcomes included describing chronic disease states experienced by certain refugee p...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Foreign-Born Refugee Children Upon Arrival to the U.S. and the Adequacy of Follow-up Treatment
This study sought to evaluate the prevalence of blood lead levels (BLL) in refugee children upon arrival to the U.S. and determine whether they received BLL screening and follow-up according to CDC guidelines. 301 refugee children ages 6  months to 16 years were seen at the International Family Medicine Clinic from 2003 to 2016. Data were collected on BLL, treatment, age, gender, English proficiency, native language, anemia, malnutrition, and microcytosis. Bivariate analyses were conducted to determine the association between thes e variables and BLL. The prevalence of elevated blood lead levels (EBLL), defined a...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sexual Health, HIV Care and Pre-exposure Prophylaxis in the African Immigrant Population: A Needs Assessment
The objective was to gain insight, from the perspective of healthcare professionals, non-medical service providers and community-based organizations working with a large majority of African immigrant patients or clients, regarding sexual health and the potential for the use of HIV PrEP in  this priority population. Thirty key informants participated in a needs assessment. A questionnaire was used to obtain information through focus groups, structured interviews and by self-administration. There are cultural and linguistic barriers to engaging Africans in discussing sexual health iss ues. Key challenges to uptake of Pr...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Self-Rated Health and Relative Socioeconomic Deprivation in the Palestinian Refugee Communities of Lebanon
This study seeks to understand deprivation among these refugees through an exploration of the relationship between indicators of general health and economic deprivation. A nationally representative sample of 2501 Palestinian refugee households were randomly selected and surveyed in 2010. Social workers interviewed the homemaker in each  household using a questionnaire on health, economic, and socio-demographic information. This data was analyzed to understand the associations between health and levels of deprivation. 31% of respondents reported poor health and nearly 52% of households had two or more poverty indicator...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mortality Paradox of Older Italian-Born Men in Australia: The Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project
AbstractItalian migrants are one of the largest groups of older migrants in Australia. Past research has found lower mortality rates in Italian migrants but it is unclear if this persists into older age. Data came from 334 Italian-born and 849 Australian-born men aged 70  years and over participating in a longitudinal study of men’s ageing. Male Italian migrants were more likely to smoke, be overweight, and have lower socio-economic status (SES). They also had higher morbidity from diabetes, chronic pain, dementia and depressive symptoms but lower morbidity from heart disease and cancer. There was no age-adjuste...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of Parenting Practices Related to Monitoring Sugar Sweetened Beverages Among Hispanic Mothers
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to evaluate Hispanic mothers (n = 238) of 2–5 year old children and determinants of their monitoring practices related to their preschooler’s consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB). Hispanic mothers were recruited from numerous areas (i.e. churches, community agencies, and daycares) in southwest Oklahoma City. Co nstructs of the Reasoned Action Approach (RAA) were evaluated along with demographic questions. Most mothers (92%) were born outside the US, and a majority had been in the US ≥ 11 years (61%). The RAA constructs auto...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Mental Health Screening and Associated Factors Among Refugees and Other Resettled Populations  ≥ 14 Years of Age in Georgia, 2014–2017
AbstractMental health screening (MHS) during the initial health assessment is recommended within 90  days of arrival to the U.S. Yet, MHS prevalence is not well understood. Screening prevalence [prevalence ratio (PR), adjusted prevalence ratio (adjPR)] and factors associated with MHS were assessed among refugees, Special Immigrant Visa holders, parolees, asylees, and victims of human trafficking  ≥ 14 years old resettling in Georgia from 2014 to 2017. Of the 2019 individuals included, 55% received a MHS. Screening was more common among older individuals [reference: 13–22 years old; adj...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research