Latina Adolescents Health Risk Behaviors and Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts: Results from the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey 2001–2013
This study utilized the national Youth Risk Behaviors Survey from 2001 to 2013 to estimate the prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and health risk behaviors associated with suicidal behaviors in Latina adolescents. Our analysis found the prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts varied significantly over the 13-year study span, decreasing from 2001 to 2009 and increased from 2011 to 2013. The analyses found 11 health risk behaviors that were significantly associated with both suicidal ideation and suicide attempts that did not vary over time. The stability of these 11 health risk behaviors associa...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Ethnic Disparities in Blood Pressure: A Population-based Study
Abstract Taiwan’s indigenous population exhibits a higher mortality of cardiovascular disease, but current research has not reported any associations among ethnicities on the blood pressure (BP). We randomly selected representative samples in this population-based study. We measured height, weight, hip and waist circumferences, and blood pressure in a screening survey. Systolic BP and diastolic BP were significantly higher in the indigenous population. Among women, prevalence rates of DBP > 90 mmHg among indigenes (32.9 %) were significantly high than those in Han Chinese (17.4 %)...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Indigenous Adolescents’ Suicidal Behaviors and Risk Factors: Evidence from the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Abstract The study sought to examine indigenous adolescents’ suicidal behaviors and risk factors in a nationally representative sample and explore potential causes of disparities. The study analyzed the 1991–2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey National Combined Datasets. Suicidal behavior outcomes included suicide consideration, planning, and attempts during the past 12 months. Logit regressions were used to estimate the effects of potential suicide risk factors on these suicidal behaviors. The results showed that a high percentage of indigenous adolescents exhibited suicidal behaviors (consideration:...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Distribution of IL28B Polymorphism in a Cohort of Italians and Immigrants with HCV Infection: Association with Viraemia, Stage of Fibrosis and Response to Treatment
Abstract Aims of the study are to investigate, in a cohort of patients affected by HCV chronic hepatitis with genotypes 1 and 4, the prevalence of interleukin 28B (IL28B) genotypes, the possible association between IL28B polymorphism and severity of liver damage, the role of IL28B CC as a predictor of outcome. 365 patients with HCV infection were observed between 2013 and 2014. Demographic, virological, biochemical, and genetic characteristics of each patient were investigated. Liver fibrosis was assessed by transient elastometry. Mean age of the patients (72.9 % males, 27.1 % females) is 50 years. ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Dental Attendance of Children of New Immigrant Parents: A Cross-Sectional Study
Abstract To explore factors affecting children’s dental attendance among new immigrants. Participants in this cross-sectional study were 314 new immigrant child-parent pairs. Parents’ demographics, oral health knowledge, perceptions, child’s caries status, and oral health behaviours were analysed as determinants for dental attendance. Only 43 % of children had a dental visit within the year. Parents believing in the effectiveness of parental checking were four times more likely to seek dental care for their child [adjusted OR (adOR) 4.48, 95 % CI 1.79–11.13]. Parents perceiving de...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 4, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Latina Workers in North Carolina: Work Organization, Domestic Responsibilities, Health, and Family Life
Abstract This analysis describes the work organization and domestic work experienced by migrant Latinas, and explores the linkage between work and health. Twenty Latina workers in North Carolina with at least one child under age 12 completed in-depth interviews focused on their work organization, domestic responsibilities, work-family conflict, health, and family health. Using a systematic qualitative analysis, these women described a demanding work organization that is contingent and exploitative, with little control or support. They also described demanding domestic roles, with gendered and unequal division of ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Assessing Oral Cancer Awareness Among Rural Latino Migrant Workers
Abstract Latino migrant farm workers suffer significant health disparities, including poor oral health. The purpose of this research was to assess Latino migrant farm workers’ OC awareness, including knowledge and care-seeking behaviors. A 42-item survey was developed. Trained, bilingual researchers verbally administered the survey to migrant farm workers in Hillsborough County, Florida. Frequencies and descriptive statistics were generated to report baseline data. The sample consisted of 53.7 % female respondents. The mean age for males and females respectively was 38.7 and 39.2. Most respondents had ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Diet Quality among Preschool-Age Children of Latino Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers in the United States
Abstract Dietary quality has been linked to obesity in children. Obesity among children of farmworker families exceeds that of other US Hispanic children. Knowledge of their dietary quality is needed to understand the origins and prevention of this obesity. Mothers (n = 237) of 3-year old children in farmworker families completed 3 24-hour recalls with trained interviewers using the Nutrition Data System for Research (NDS-R). Output was used to calculate total and component scores of the Revised Children’s Diet Quality Index (RC-DQI). Mean total score was 62 (range 36–86) of an optimal score...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Fertility and Minority: A Study in Two Provinces of Iran Using Matching Estimator Technique
Abstract The main aim of this study was to compare fertility in minor (Sunnah) and major (Shia) religious groups of Iran after matching the two groups by some confounding factors. 12,099 data of population and census survey of Iran in 2011 in two provinces of Guilan and Kurdistan were used in this study. Propensity scoring matching method was used for matching two groups. First confounder variables were found and after that the groups were matched. Principal component analysis was used to make a socioeconomic (SES) variable. At the end, two groups were compared to each other by nearest neighborhood method. Also P...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Economic Hardship and Depression Among Women in Latino Farmworker Families
Abstract Farmworker family members risk poor mental health due to stressors including poverty, relocation, and documentation status. This paper explores the relationship between farm-work related stressors and depressive symptoms in women of Latino farmworker families. 248 mothers of young children completed fixed-response interviews in Spanish. Measures included the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale, Migrant Farmworker Stress Inventory, and USDA Household Food Security Survey Module. Bivariate analyses indicated greater depressive symptoms with more economic hardship, more farm work-related stres...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Individual, Cultural and Structural Predictors of Vaccine Safety Confidence and Influenza Vaccination Among Hispanic Female Subgroups
This study (1) examines how confidence in vaccine safety and influenza vaccine use vary by Hispanic subgroup and (2) identifies individual, cultural and structural correlates of these outcomes. This study analyzed survey data from 1565 Hispanic women who were recruited at clinic- and community-based sites in Los Angeles. Education, healthcare coverage, acculturation, fatalism, and religiosity were predictors of influenza vaccination behavior and predictors varied by subgroup. These findings provide guidance for how influenza vaccine promotion efforts can be developed for Hispanic subgroups. Confidence in the safety of a va...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms and their Relationship to Drug and Alcohol use in an International Sample of Latino Immigrants
Abstract We identify the prevalence and correlates of posttraumatic stress (PTSD) symptoms and their relationship to alcohol and substance use disorders (AUD/SUD) among Latino immigrants in two countries. A screening battery assessing PTSD symptoms (PCL-C), alcohol use (AUDIT), drug abuse (DAST), and psychological measures was administered to 562 Latino immigrants recruited in clinics. We used logistical regression analyses to evaluate the relationship between PTSD symptoms and AUD/SUD. Prevalence of elevated PTSD symptoms was high (53.7 % in Boston, 47.9 % in Madrid and, 43.8 % in Barcelona). Scree...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

U.S. Migrant Networks and Adult Cardiometabolic Health in El Salvador
Abstract Heightened prevalence of cardiometabolic health conditions in areas where infectious disease remains a major public health concern has created an especially challenging situation for developing countries, like El Salvador. Individuals living within migrant households where migrant networks are present may be at a greater risk for the development of cardiometabolic health conditions. Using data from the 2007 El Salvador database of the Latin American Migration Project (LAMP-ESLS4), this study investigates relations between financial remittances, familial U.S. migration history and cardiometabolic health co...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 2, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Perceived Role of Family in Heroin Use Behaviors of Mexican–American Men
We examined the family’s influence on drug use behavior, as perceived by Hispanic men who use heroin. One-time qualitative interviews were conducted with 21 current and former heroin users who participated in a larger study on long-term heroin use in Mexican–American men. Data were analyzed using a thematic analysis approach. Three main themes emerged: family as a supportive environment for heroin use; heroin as a family legacy; and, the family’s strategies for helping to stop using heroin. A sub-theme emerged on the paradox of family involvement, which spanned the three main themes. This research lays a ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 30, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Factors Associated with HIV Status Disclosure in HIV-Infected Sub-Saharan Migrants Living in France and Successfully Treated with Antiretroviral Therapy: Results from the ANRS-VIHVO Study
Abstract To estimate rates and identify correlates of HIV disclosure in migrants from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) successfully treated, a sub-analysis was conducted in HIV-1 native SSA migrants, living in France with undetectable viral load on antiretroviral, included in the VIHVO adherence study. Logistic regression models assessed factors associated with HIV disclosure. Among 246 individuals (40 % male, median age 41), 79 % of those in a steady heterosexual partnership (n = 167) had disclosed their status to their partner, 55 % of the total 246 to a relative, and 33 % to (an)other pers...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 28, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Individual and Neighborhood Determinants of Late HIV Diagnosis Among Latinos, Florida, 2007–2011
The objective of this study was to examine individual and neighborhood determinants of late HIV diagnosis by gender and birthplace among Latinos. Florida HIV surveillance data for 2007–2011 were merged with American Community Survey data to estimate the odds of late HIV diagnosis (AIDS within 3 months of HIV diagnosis). Of 5522 HIV-positive Latinos, 26.5 % were diagnosed late. The odds ratio (OR) for late diagnosis was 1.39 times higher for males than females [95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.14–1.69]. Neighborhood-level factors associated with late diagnosis included residing in the 3 highest qua...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Importance of Interprofessional Healthcare for Vulnerable Refugee Populations
Abstract The refugee population in the United States is steadily increasing. These populations face a plethora of diseases and chronic health problems (i.e. obesity, hypertension and depression) as they resettle into their new environment. Due to the lack of understanding, minority population refugee health is scarce and minimal at best. Refugees and healthcare professionals face similar barriers when it comes to seeking treatment and treatment itself. For example, refugees might not be able to communicate efficiently and understand the referral process while healthcare professionals do not understand the culture ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 25, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Myositis Ossificans Associated with Prayer Mark
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 23, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Erratum to: Coming of Age on the Margins: Mental Health and Wellbeing Among Latino Immigrant Young Adults Eligible for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 23, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Efficacy of a Church-Based, Culturally Tailored Program to Promote Completion of Advance Directives Among Asian Americans
This study utilized a single group pre- and post-intervention design with 174 participants from 4 churches. Domain assessed: demographics; AD-related knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and intentions; AD completion; and conversations with a healthcare proxy. Data were analyzed using Chi square and multiple logistic regression techniques. We observed significant increases in participants’ AD-related knowledge, intentions, and a gain in supportive beliefs and attitudes about AD, resulting in 71.8 % AD completion, and 25.0 % having had a proxy conversation. Providing culturally-tailored intervention and step-by-st...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 21, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Immigrant Generation and Sexual Initiation Among a Diverse Racial/Ethnic Group of Urban Youth
Abstract Foreign-born youth have a lower risk of sexual initiation than native born youth, yet most research has focused on Latinos. An ethnically diverse sample of 200, 14–21 year-old youth were surveyed in Denver in 2014. We used logistic regression models to predict the odds of intentions to have sex and sexual experience, adding covariates that could account for differences in outcomes by immigrant generation. First generation youth were less likely to intend to have sex and to have sexual experience than third generation youth after controlling for racial/ethnic group, suggesting that first generat...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 21, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Presence of Alcohol and Drugs in Hispanic Versus Non-Hispanic Youth Suicide Victims in Miami-Dade County, Florida
This study examines the association between the presence of drugs and alcohol at time of suicide in Hispanic versus non-Hispanic youth suicide victims in Miami-Dade County, Florida. The Medical Examiner’s records of 435 persons aged 24 years or younger classified as suicides in Miami-Dade County, Florida, from 1990 to 2011 were reviewed. Hispanic youth in Miami-Dade County, Florida were 1.62 times more likely than non-Hispanic youth to have used drugs and alcohol at time of suicide (OR 1.62; 95 % CI 1.07–2.04; p = 0.049). Firearm use was significantly associated with drug and alcohol use at ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 20, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Exploring Female Genital Cutting Among Survivors of Torture
This article presents a secondary analysis of data from 514 African-born women at an interdisciplinary clinic for survivors of torture. Results indicate few demographic differences between those who experienced FGC and those who had not, though a larger proportion of the FGC group were West African and identified as Muslim. Many with FGC were in the process of applying for asylum, reported sexual and psychological torture, and cited gender as a basis for their persecution. The FGC group evidenced unique correlates related to immigration status and psychological and sexual torture experiences that the non-FGC group did not....
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 18, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Erratum to: The Feasibility of Recruiting and Retaining Perinatal Latinas in a Biomedical Study Exploring Neuroendocrine Function and Postpartum Depression
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Erratum to: Suicidal Ideation and Mental Health of Bhutanese Refugees in the United States
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Correlates of Perceived Smoking Prevalence Among Korean American Emerging Adults
Abstract Perceived smoking prevalence, a strong predictor of actual smoking behavior, may be influenced by the ethnicity and gender of the reference group presented to Korean American emerging adults. Self-identifying Korean and Korean Americans aged 18–25 (N = 475), were invited to complete a 15–20 min online survey about their attitudes towards smoking. Predictors of perceived smoking prevalence were evaluated separately for four reference groups: Caucasian Americans, Korean Americans in general, Korean American men, and Korean American women. Respondents’ smoking status was asso...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 13, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Erratum to: Lessons Learned from Community-Led Recruitment of Immigrants and Refugee Participants for a Randomized, Community-Based Participatory Research Study
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 13, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Immigrant Health in Rural Maryland: A Qualitative Study of Major Barriers to Health Care Access
Abstract Immigration to rural areas in new receiving communities like Maryland’s Eastern Shore is growing. Despite a rapid rise in immigration and diminishing health system resources, little attention has been focused on barriers to health care access in this region for immigrants. A total of 33 in-depth key informant interviews with providers and immigrants were conducted. Qualitative analysis employing a constant comparison approach was used to explore emergent themes related to barriers to health care access for a growing immigrant population. Participants perceived limited health care resources, lack of ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Nutritional Surveillance of Christian Orthodox Minority Adolescents in Istanbul
Abstract Previous studies have shown that the diets of migrant populations are of poor quality; however, studies on populations remaining in one geographical region as a minority after an acute population movement are scarce. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess dietary intake and growth of Greek minority adolescents in Turkey. Anthropometric measurements and dietary assessment were performed in 103 Greek Orthodox students (aged 10–19 years old) of three minority schools in Istanbul. Prevalence of overweight and obesity according to the WHO growth charts was 39.8 %. Accordingly, 40...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 7, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Health Implications of an Immigration Raid: Findings from a Latino Community in the Midwestern United States
We examined the health implications of an immigration raid that resulted in multiple arrests and deportations and occurred midway through a community survey of a Latino population. We used linear regression following principal axis factoring to examine the influence of raid timing on immigration enforcement stress and self-rated health. We controlled for age, sex, relationship status, years in the county in which the raid occurred, children in the home, and nativity. 325 participants completed the survey before the raid and 151 after. Completing the survey after the raid was associated with higher levels of immigration enf...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 4, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Associations Between Discrimination and Cardiovascular Health Among Asian Indians in the United States
Abstract Asian Indians (AI) have a high risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The study investigated associations between discrimination and (1) cardiovascular risk and (2) self-rated health among AI. Higher discrimination scores were hypothesized to relate to a higher cardiovascular risk score (CRS) and poorer self-rated health. Asian Indians (n = 757) recruited between 2010 and 2013 answered discrimination and self-reported health questions. The CRS (0-8 points) included body-mass index, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, and fasting blood glucose levels of AI. Multiple linear regres...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 2, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Social Well-Being Among Colombian and Peruvian Immigrants in Northern Chile
Abstract In recent years, northern Chile has received a large number of immigrants attracted mainly by mining and related services. The last population census revealed that 70.5 % of foreigners in Chile came from South America, and were mainly Peruvians (30.5 %), Argentines (16.8 %), and Colombians (8.1 %). The aim of this cross-sectional study is to describe the social well-being levels reported by Colombian and Peruvian immigrants in northern Chile, as well as their connection to socio-demographic and relational factors. The Spanish version of the Scale of Social Well-being (Keyes in Soc Psyc...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 2, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the DASS-21 Among Latina/o College Students by the US-Mexico Border
Abstract Anxious-depression symptomatology is frequently encountered among Latina/o individuals. There is a dearth of studies that examine this mixed class of anxiety and depression symptomatology, especially among Latina/o college students by the US-Mexico border. A total of 505 participants from rural institutions of higher education completed the DASS21. Psychometric properties were measured by means of confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis (EFA). A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was conducted to determine gender differences in depression, anxiety and stress. Among women, 18 % reported a...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 1, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Determinants of Subjective Social Status and Health Among Latin American Women Immigrants in Spain: A Qualitative Approach
Abstract This qualitative study was carried out to better understand factors that determine the subjective social status of Latin Americans in Spain. The study was conducted following a theoretical framework and forms part of broader study on subjective social status and health. Ten immigrant participants engaged in semi-structured interviews, from which data were collected. The study results show that socioeconomic aspects of the crisis and of policies adopted have shaped immigrant living conditions in Spain. Four major themes that emerged from the analysis were related to non-recognition of educational credenti...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 22, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

A Review of Barriers to Minorities’ Participation in Cancer Clinical Trials: Implications for Future Cancer Research
Abstract To enhance nurses’ awareness and competencies in practice and research by reporting the common barriers to participation of minorities in cancer clinical trials and discussing facilitators and useful strategies for recruitment. Several databases were searched for articles published in peer reviewed journals. Some of the barriers to minorities’ participation in clinical trials were identified within the cultural social-context of cancer patients. The involvement of community networking was suggested as the most effective strategy for the recruitment of minorities in cancer clinical trials....
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 22, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

A Case of Leprosy in Italy: A Multifaceted Disease Which Continues to Challenge Medical Doctors
Abstract Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, characterized by a very long incubation period, confounding signs and symptoms and difficulty to establish the onset time. Considering the stigma associated with the diagnosis and the difficulties in detecting asymptomatic leprosy, the incidence and prevalence of this disease are underestimated. In Italy, leprosy is currently included among the rare diseases and can occur as an imported pathology in native individuals or extra-EU immigrants. Currently, given its exceptional appearance in Italy, leprosy is extremely difficult to recog...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 22, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

A Qualitative Exploration of Less Acculturated Mexican Mothers’ Safety Perceptions of Herbs, Medicines, and Cleaners in the Home
Abstract Childhood poisoning is a leading public health concern in our society. The death rate from unintentional poisonings among children has increased by 80 % from 2000 to 2009. Immigrant children are also at-risk. A qualitative study, consisting of a pile sort, was conducted among immigrant Mexican mothers to determine their safety perceptions of commonly used medicines, herbs, and cleaners. Participants (N = 35) were selected for semi-structured interviews from a pediatric primary care clinic in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. Some mothers over-estimated their children’s ability to disc...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 22, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Erratum to: Acculturation and Depressive Symptoms in Hispanic Older Adults: Does Perceived Ethnic Density Moderate their Relationship?
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 22, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Segmentation of Mexican-Heritage Immigrants: Acculturation Typology and Language Preference in Health Information Seeking
Abstract With the fast growing number of Mexican immigrants in the United States, more attention is needed to understand the relationship between acculturation and language preference in health information seeking. Latent class analysis provides one useful approach to understanding the diversity in sample of Mexican immigrants (N = 238). Based on 13 linguistic, psychological and behavioral indicators for acculturation, four discrete subgroups were characterized: (1) Less acculturated, (2) Moderately acculturated, (3) Highly acculturated, (4) Selectively bicultural. A Chi-square test revealed that three s...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 19, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Syrian Refugees, Health and Migration Legislation in Turkey
Abstract This paper discusses the crucial effects of Turkish health and migration laws on Syrian refugees’ access to public health services and social determinants of health. Key aspects of current Turkish laws affect the health of both refugees and Turkish citizens in many ways. The huge influx of refugees is increasing communicable disease risks, overcrowding hospitals, and more generally straining financial and health resources. Turkey’s United Nations membership and its candidacy for European Union (EU) have led to increased alignment of Turkey’s refugee and migration policies with internatio...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 19, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Syphilis Among U.S.-Bound Refugees, 2009–2013
Abstract U.S. immigration regulations require clinical and serologic screening for syphilis for all U.S.-bound refugees 15 years of age and older. We reviewed syphilis screening results for all U.S.-bound refugees from January 1, 2009 through December 31, 2013. We calculated age-adjusted prevalence by region and nationality and assessed factors associated with syphilis seropositivity using multivariable log binomial regression models. Among 233,446 refugees, we identified 874 syphilis cases (373 cases per 100,000 refugees). The highest overall age-adjusted prevalence rates of syphilis seropositivity were obse...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 18, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Dietary Patterns in Puerto Rican and Mexican-American Breast Cancer Survivors: A Pilot Study
Conclusion: MA and PR female breast cancer survivors have different dietary patterns but both groups had relatively low diet quality. These groups could benefit from culturally tailored interventions to improve diet quality, which could potentially reduce cancer recurrence. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT01504789. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Lessons Learned from Community-Led Recruitment of Immigrants and Refugee Participants for a Randomized, Community-Based Participatory Research Study
Abstract Ethnic minorities remain underrepresented in clinical trials despite efforts to increase their enrollment. Although community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches have been effective for conducting research studies in minority and socially disadvantaged populations, protocols for CBPR recruitment design and implementation among immigrants and refugees have not been well described. We used a community-led and community-implemented CBPR strategy for recruiting 45 Hispanic, Somali, and Sudanese families (160 individuals) to participate in a large, randomized, community-based trial aimed at evaluati...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

A Pilot Examination of a Mosque-Based Physical Activity Intervention for South Asian Muslim Women in Ontario, Canada
This study examined the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of a mosque-based physical activity program for South Asian Muslim women in Canada. Sixty-two South Asian Muslim women participated in a 24-week mosque-based exercise intervention. Feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of the program was evaluated by pre-post survey questions from the Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) and International Physical Activity Questionnaire among 28 women who consented to the research data collection. Nineteen women were assessed pre-and post-intervention. The women demonstrated increase in median scores of self-efficacy ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 15, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Men from Sub-Saharan Africa Living in Worker Hostels in France: A Hidden Population with Poor Access to HIV Testing
Abstract Delayed presentation to care among HIV-infected individuals continued to be frequent in France. Migrants are at high risk for late presentation. This cross-sectional study investigated barriers to HIV testing in the specific population of men from sub-Saharan Africa living in four migrant worker hostels in Paris, France. Factors associated with never having been tested for HIV were examined using logistic regression. In all, 550 men participated, coming mainly from Mali and Senegal, with 31 % having lived in France for less than 5 years, and 25 % without any health insurance. Only 37 %...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 15, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Self-Efficacy, Health Literacy, and Nutrition and Exercise Behaviors in a Low-Income, Hispanic Population
Abstract Public health goals have emphasized healthy nutrition and exercise behaviors, especially in underserved populations. According to social cognitive theory (SCT), self-efficacy and capability (e.g., health literacy) may interact to predict preventative behaviors. We surveyed 100 low-income, native Spanish-speakers living in the United States who were low in English proficiency and predominantly of Mexican heritage. Participants reported their nutritional and exercise self-efficacy, Spanish health literacy, and nutrition and physical activity behaviors. Consistent with SCT, the interaction of self-efficacy a...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 15, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Seeking Asylum: Challenges Faced by the LGB Community
Abstract A retrospective chart review was completed of patients self-identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual seen through a program for survivors of torture between June 9, 2009 and December 31, 2014 (n = 50). Almost all (98 %) experienced persecution due to their sexual orientation and 84 % were survivors of torture. The circumstances under which the disclosure of sexual orientation took place in the country of origin were often traumatic. In several, efforts were made to change their sexual orientation often through forced marriage. Those in same sex relationships had relationships often marr...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Feasibility of Recruiting and Retaining Perinatal Latinas in a Biomedical Study Exploring Neuroendocrine Function and Postpartum Depression
This study evaluates the feasibility of enrolling and retaining perinatal immigrant and U.S.-born Latinas in a laboratory-based study that includes the collection of biomarkers implicated in the development of postpartum depression. This prospective study followed Latinas from third trimester of pregnancy to 12 weeks postpartum. Women were enrolled during pregnancy and interviewed at 4, 8 and 12 weeks postpartum. Demographic information, depression status and breastfeeding practices were ascertained using validated Spanish- and English-measures. Blood samples were collected at the 8-week postpartum laborator...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

A Qualitative Study of the Integration of Arab Muslim Israelis Suffering from Mental Disorders into the Normative Community
This study focuses on the process of the integration of Arab Muslim Israelis suffering from mental disorders into the normative community, addressing perspectives of both people with mental disorders and the community. This qualitative-constructivist study seeks to understand the dynamics of face-to-face meetings by highlighting the participants’ points of view. The main themes of the findings included stereotypes and prejudices, gender discrimination, and the effect of face-to-face meetings on integration of people with mental disorders (PMD) into the community. The findings support former studies about the integrat...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Health and Socio-Cultural Experiences of Refugee Women: An Integrative Review
Abstract Approximately half of the global refugee population are women, yet they remain largely understudied from the perspective of gender. The aim of this review was to investigate the impact of refugee women’s resettlement and socio-cultural experiences on their health. This review also explored factors promoting resilience in refugee women. Eight databases were searched for peer-reviewed manuscripts published from 2005 to 2014. Grey literature was also reviewed. Data were extracted for population, data collection methods, data analysis, and findings. The Resource-Based Model was used as an overarching fr...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research