Understanding the Gap: Perceived Health Literacy Levels Among Spanish-Speaking Immigrants in Miami-Dade County, 2016
This study investigates perceived health literacy ability and measured health literacy scores among Miami-Dade County immigrants. Methods: Patients seen in the Refugee Health Assessment Program and Family Planning Program completed a health literacy assessment in November 2016. Participants were immigrants from Spanish-speaking countries who reported living in the U.S. for ≤ 10 years. Logistic regression models were used to determine predictors of agreement. 283 patients responded. No characteristics were significant predictors of agreement; However, we found lower agreement among participants that were 18&n...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Bidimensional Acculturation and Psychological Distress in Pakistani Immigrant Women in Norway: A Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractImmigrants from South Asia have higher risks of mental health problems . Low levels of acculturation and self-efficacy may be risk factors for depression and psychological distress in immigrants. 355 Pakistani immigrant women in Oslo, filled out a questionnaire concerning demographic variables, self-efficacy, and psychological distress. A bidimensional acculturation variable was constructed. A stepwise logistic regression model was used to investigate the importance of the level of acculturation and self-efficacy on psychological distress. Low levels of acculturation were reported. Integrated participants reported ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relationships Between English Language Proficiency, Health Literacy, and Health Outcomes in Somali Refugees
AbstractLittle is known about the impacts of health literacy and English proficiency on the health status of Somali refugees. Data came from interviews in 2009 –2011 of 411 adult Somali refugees recently resettled in Massachusetts. English proficiency, health literacy, and physical and mental health were measured using the Basic English Skills Test Plus, the Short Test of Health Literacy in Adults, and the Physical and Mental Component Summaries of the S hort Form-12. Associations were analyzed using multiple linear regression. In adjusted analyses, higher English proficiency was associated with worse mental health i...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Perception of Obesity Among Sub-Saharan Africans  in Korea
AbstractThere is a dearth of obesity study among sub-Saharan African immigrants in Seoul, Korea. We investigated the prevalence and perception of obesity among this population. A cross-sectional study involving 211 immigrants aged 20  years and above from sub-Saharan Africa was carried out, using a structured questionnaire. Obesity (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m²) was calculated as the primary outcome variable. The overall prevalence of obesity was 27.0% (men 22.6% and women 36.8%). In a logistic regression analysis adjusting for age , obesity was significantly associated with increased duration of reside...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cancer Knowledge Among Mexican Immigrant Farmworkers in North Carolina
AbstractLatino farmworkers are exposed to a number of carcinogens in the workplace. Cancer survival rates for Latinos are below average. This paper describes Mexican immigrant farmworkers ’ knowledge of colorectal, breast, and testicular cancer, and compares farmworkers’ cancer knowledge to that of other Mexican immigrants. Survey interviews for this study were conducted with 100 farmworkers and 100 non-farmworkers in 2015 in North Carolina as part of an ongoing community-based p articipatory research project. We found low to moderate levels of knowledge about colorectal, breast, and testicular cancer among far...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Current Approaches to Cancer Genetic Counseling Services for Spanish-Speaking Patients
AbstractBarriers to genetic counseling services (GCS) utilization for Spanish-speaking patients (SSP) may include language barriers and limited availability of bilingual genetic counselors (GCs). The sample included GCs who: (1) practice cancer genetic counseling, (2) report a cancer practice setting, and (3) have a US mailing address. We assessed: (1) number of Spanish-speaking GCs, (2) estimated proportion of Hispanic patients, and (3) approaches used to counsel SSP. Of respondents (n  = 229), 10% (n = 23) spoke Spanish. A higher proportion of GCs practicing in states with ≥ 25% Hispan...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Socioeconomic Status and the Physical and Mental Health of Arab and Chaldean Americans in Michigan
This study considers whether socioeconomic status moderates the relationship between race/ethnicity and physical and mental health. Data come from a state representative sample of Arab and Chaldean Americans —the 2013 Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Survey and the 2013 Michigan Arab/Chaldean Behavioral Risk Factor Survey (N = 12,837 adults with 536 Arab/Chaldean Americans). Structural equation models examine whether socioeconomic status, operationalized as educational attainment, moderates the rel ationship between Arab/Chaldean identity and health, and whether physical activity, access to healthcare, a...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dental Caries Experience and Utilization of Oral Health Services Among Tibetan Refugee-Background Children in Paonta Sahib, Himachal Pradesh, India
AbstractThe study was done to describe the dental caries experience and dental care utilization among Tibetan refugee-background children in Paonta Sahib, India. The study was conducted on 254 school children in a Tibetan settlement in Paonta Sahib. Examination was done as per World Health Organization Oral Health Assessment criteria (2013). Data on dental services utilization was obtained from the parents of children using a structured questionnaire. Oral examination of 254 school children aged 6 –18 years revealed an overall dental caries prevalence of 79.5%. The dental caries experience was greater in the mix...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Visual Health and Visual Healthcare Access in Refugees and Displaced Persons: A Systematic Review
AbstractVision impairment is a significant global health concern. Still, there remains a gap in our knowledge of visual health in refugees. We conducted a systematic review of the distinctive eye care needs of refugees. We screened PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science through February 17, 2017 for studies that focused primarily on visual health in refugees. Risk of bias was assessed using the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute quality assessment tools. 26 studies were included in the final review. The prevalence of blindness ranged from 1.3 to 26.2%. Trachoma was the leading infectious cause. Only four studies assesse...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Neglected Tropical Diseases (Leishmaniasis and Lymphatic Filariasis) and Malaria Among a Migrant Labour Settlement in Kerala, India
AbstractNeglected tropical diseases (visceral leismaniasis, lymphatic filariasis) and malaria are endemic in northern states of India. Kerala has become a hub of construction activities employing a large number of migrants from these endemic states. Studies on morbidity pattern among migrants in Kerala are lacking. It is essential to look into the burden of these infections among migrant laborers who can act as reservoirs and are a threat to native population. A cross sectional study was done among migrant laborers in Ernakulam district, Kerala. After getting informed consent, a questionnaire was administered to each parti...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Depression and Antidepressant Use Among Asian and Hispanic Adults: Association with Immigrant Generation and Language Use
AbstractThis research investigates the psychological well-being and usage of medical treatments by Asian and Hispanic immigrant descendants. Using data from all four waves of Add Health study, this paper focuses on two outcomes: (1) depression and (2) levels of antidepressant use by race/ethnicity, immigrant generation, and linguistic acculturation levels duringadulthood. Findings reveal that depression is prevalent among Mexican Americans, other Hispanics, and Asian Americans. Furthermore, Mexican Americans and Asian Americans have reported a lower level of antidepressant use than whites, with Asian Americans attaining th...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychosocial Determinants of Adherence to Preventive Dental Attendance for Preschool Children Among Filipino Immigrants in Edmonton, Alberta
Discussion: Filipino parents were open to the Western model of preventive oral healthcare, with the duration of their time in Canada playing a key role in promoting regular dental visits for their children. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adapting Meaning-Centered Psychotherapy in Advanced Cancer for the Chinese Immigrant Population
In this study, we conducted a community needs assessment to inform the cultural adaptation of MCP for Chinese patients with advanced cancer, in accordance with Bernal et al. ecological validity model and the cultural adaptat ion process model of Domenech-Rodriquez and Weiling. We conducted interviews until saturation with 11 key Chinese-serving community leaders and health professionals with a range of areas of expertise (i.e. oncology, psychology, palliative care, cancer support services), to examine community needs, p riorities, and preferences within the context of the MCP intervention. Sessions were audio recorded and ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Son Preference of Immigrants to the United States: Data from U.S. Birth Certificates, 2004 –2013
AbstractSon preference has existed for centuries in many cultures and societies. In some Asian countries, including China and India, the sex ratio at birth (SRB, number of male infants divided by number of female infants times 100) is elevated above the worldwide biological norm of about 105. We investigate whether this ratio is elevated in the U.S. for immigrant women. We analyze U.S. birth certificates for 2004 –2013 and categorize births by mother’s and father’s race/ethnicity; mother’s place of birth, and birth order of the child. The SRB is elevated for two groups of women: Chinese women born i...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychological Distress in Iranian International Students at an Australian University
This study investigated psychological distress in Iranian international students at UNSW Australia, and explored the psychosocial factors associated with high levels of distress. A total of 180 Iranian international students pursuing undergraduate and postgraduate degrees during 2012/2013 completed an email questionnaire containing socio-demographic items and five standardized and validated scales. Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyse the predictors of psychological distress. Compared to domestic and international students at two other Australian universities, a significantly smaller proportion of Iranian ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Overseas Hepatitis B Vaccinations Among Newly Arrived Cubans in Texas —2010–2015
AbstractWe assessed hepatitis B virus (HBV) serologic results among newly arrived Cubans with vaccination documentation. We matched the post-arrival health assessment HBV serologic results of Cubans who arrived during 2010 –2015 in Texas with their overseas hepatitis B (HepB) vaccination records in the CDC's Electronic Disease Notification database and calculated the proportion of those immune due to HepB vaccinations. Among 2123 who had overseas HepB vaccination and serologic results, 1072 (50.5%) had three valid d ocumented doses of HepB. Of these 1072, 441 (41.1%) were immune due to HepB vaccination, 24 (2.2%), im...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Women ’s Decision-Making Autonomy and their Attitude towards Wife-Beating: Findings from the 2011 Ethiopia’s Demographic and Health Survey
AbstractThe study examined the extent of wife-beating acceptance and factors that influence women ’s attitude towards wife-beating in Ethiopia from a nationally representative sample of 11,658 participants in the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey. Multivariate logistic regressions were fitted to investigate the relationships between women’s attitude towards wife-beating and women’ s decision-making autonomy after controlling for socio-demographic factors. The majority (56%) of women agreed that wife-beating is justified when wife neglects children, 53% when wife burns the food, 50% when wife ar...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Influence of Hispanic Ethnicity and Nativity Status on 2009 H1N1 Pandemic Vaccination Uptake in the United States
AbstractPrevious research suggests Hispanic vaccination rates for H1N1 were similar to non-Hispanic whites. These previous estimates do not take into account nativity status. Using the 2010 National Health Interview Survey, we estimate adult H1N1 vaccination rates for non-Hispanic whites (n  = 8780), U.S.-born Hispanics (n = 1142), and foreign-born Hispanics (n = 1912). To test Fundamental Cause Theory, we estimate odds of H1N1 vaccination while controlling for flexible resources (e.g., educational and economic capital), ethnicity, and nativity status. Foreign-born Hispanic s exper...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Health Profile and Overview of Healthcare Experiences of Cambodian American Refugees and Immigrants Residing in Southern California
This study compares the health status and healthcare experiences of Cambodian American refugees and immigrants. Data were collected via questionnaires and medical records from two community clinics in Southern California (n = 308). Chi square and t-tests examined the socio-demographic differences between immigrants an d refugees, and ANCOVA models compared the mean differences in responses for each outcome, adjusting for age at immigration, education level, and clinic site. Cambodian American refugees reported overall lower levels of health-related quality of life (all p’s 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Pre-migration Trauma, Repatriation Experiences, and PTSD Among North Korean Refugees
AbstractMany studies on refugees suggested that refugees ’ traumatic events associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, it is unknown whether refugees’ PTSD was caused by their negative experience before or after the entry of their destination country. Thus, a separation of refugees’ pre-migration from their post-migration experi ence is particularly important in understanding the causal impact of trauma. Using a sample from North Korean refugees, this study investigates the prevalence of PTSD symptoms, the impact of tortured trauma, repatriation experiences, on PTSD among North Korean...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Smoking Among Chinese Livery Drivers
This study reports on the TNNA survey smoking-related results among NYC Chinese livery drivers. 97 drivers participated. Mean age was 44.7  years, 2.1% were English proficient, and 23.4% were living below the poverty line. Most were insured (82.5%), had a PCP (82.5%), and had had a routine check-up within the past year (79%). 73% were current or former smokers. Culturally and linguistically tailored smoking cessation interventions, st rategies to mitigate exposure to air pollution, and programs to facilitate lung cancer screening should be developed and implemented for high-risk Chinese livery drivers. (Source: Journa...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Healthcare Services Utilization Among Migrants in Portugal: Results From the National Health Survey 2014
This study illustrates inequalities in healthcare use among migrants in Portugal, and provides useful informa tion for enlightening policymakers and healthcare providers to develop health policies that can address migrants’ needs. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health Care Access and Utilization Among U.S. Immigrants Before and After the Affordable Care Act
This study shows that the ACA has closed the coverage gap that previously existed between U.S. citizens and non-citizen immigrants. We find that naturalized citizens, non-citizens with more than 5 years of U.S. residency, and non-citizens with 5 years or less of U.S. residency reduced their probability of being uninsured by 5.81, 9.13, and 8.23%, respectively, in the first 3 years of the ACA. Improvements in other measures of access and utilization were also observed. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Implementation of a Stress Intervention with Latino Immigrants in a Non-traditional Migration City
AbstractStress negatively impacts health outcomes across all racial and ethnic groups, but the health disparities experienced by Latino immigrants in nontraditional migration cities are exacerbated by undeveloped infrastructure and weak social support networks. Immigrants in new migration cities can be difficult to engage in health interventions and are therefore underrepresented in the very research where their inclusion is most crucial. To effectively engage Latino immigrants, a team of academic and community researchers collaborated on a community-based participatory research project to design and implement a stress and...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Oral Health Practices, Beliefs and Dental Service Utilization of Albanian Immigrants in Milwaukee, Wisconsin: A Pilot Study
This study investigated oral health practices, beliefs, dental visits and associated factors of Albanian adults living in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Purposive and snowball sampling methods  were employed. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data on oral health practices, beliefs, dental visits and socio-demographic information. Descriptive and multivariable logistics regression were conducted. Overall, 266 adults were recruited, 54% male, 56% have lived 10 or more y ears in the U.S., 95% rated their oral health as excellent/good and 87% reported having a dental visit in the last year. Age, ability to spea...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: A Systematic Review of Community Health Workers ’ Role in Occupational Safety and Health Research
AbstractThe original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the affiliation of co-author Ashley M. Bush. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Intergenerational Mobility and Goal-Striving Stress Among Black Americans: The Roles of Ethnicity and Nativity Status
AbstractGoal-striving stress refers to the psychological consequences of seeking but failing to reach upward mobility and is more common among low-income and people of color. Intergenerational mobility —or improved socioeconomic standing relative to one’s parents—may be an important predictor of goal-striving stress for Blacks. We used the National Survey of American Life to investigate the association between intergenerational mobility and goal-striving stress among U.S.-born African Americ ans, U.S.-born Caribbean Blacks, and foreign-born Caribbean Blacks. Intergenerational mobility was associated with ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Who, What, Why and When of Gynaecological Referrals for Refugee Women
We examined the nature of health problems requiring gynaecological referrals for refugee women in Toronto. A retrospective cohort design was used to examine gynaecologic referrals of women at a refugee clinic between December, 2011 and June, 2016. The primary outcome measure was the indications for gynaecological referral. 125 out of 1040 women received a gynaecologic referral for 131 unique concerns. The most common referrals were for abnormal uterine bleeding and cervical dysplasia. Fibroids were prevalent amongst African patients, while referrals for LARCs/sterilization were absent from Middle Eastern patients. 26% of p...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Nutritional Deficiencies Among Populations of Newly Arriving Government Assisted Refugee Children to Kitchener/Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
This study examined the variation among ethnic populations in prevalence of anemia, vitamin D and B12 deficiencies among refugee children. A retrospective chart review of 388 government assisted refugee children  ≤ 16 years of age, seen at the Refugee Health Clinic in Kitchener, Canada from January 2009 to December 2014 was conducted. Vitamin D levels were only collected until December 1st 2010 (116 children). 15.7% were anemic (25%
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychosocial Indicators in North African Immigrant Women in Italy
In conclusion, this study provides further evidence of higher psychological stress and discomfort and lower well-being and quality of life in immigrant women. Public social support is necessary to control, maintain and improve the mental health outcomes of immigrant communities in the host country. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Syndemic Conditions Reinforcing Disparities in HIV and Other STIs in an Urban Sample of Behaviorally Bisexual Latino Men
AbstractSyndemics research has made great contributions to understanding sexual risk among Latino men who have sex with men. However, such work often combines data for behaviorally bisexual men with data for men with exclusively same-sex partners. Using cross-sectional data from 148 behaviorally bisexual Latino men, this study explored the impact of syndemic factors —polydrug use, childhood sexual abuse, and depression—on sexual risk behaviors and STI incidence. Approximately one-third of participants reported polydrug use, 22% reported childhood sexual abuse, and 26% screened for clinically significant depress...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Diabetes in Immigrant Tibetan Muslims in Kashmir, North India
AbstractTibetan Muslims have migrated from Lhasa (3000  m altitude) to Srinagar, India (altitude 1500 m) about 55 years back. We set out to study the prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes among this immigrant population. All consenting adults aged ≥18 years were questioned about a previous history of diabetes or any other medical history. Anthrop ometric data were recorded. Fasting blood glucose was measured in duplicate by Accu-check glucometer and HbA1C levels were measured. Of the 281 participants, 26 (9.25%) had diabetes whereas 46 (16.4%) had pre-diabetes; 24 reporting doctor-diagnosed diabetes. P...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of Histoplasmosis in Somali, Burmese, and Hmong Refugees Residing in Thailand and Kenya
This study used the CDC Migrant Serum Bank to test ~100 samples from each of Somali, Burmese, and Hmong U.S.-bound refugees. Samples were tested by enzyme immunoassay forHistoplasma capsulatum IgG. Overall 1% (2/299) of refugee serum samples were positive forH. capsulatum IgG. One of 99 samples obtained from Hmong refugees was positive, and the other positive sample came from among 100 Burmese refugee samples.H capsulatum IgG positivity was detected at low levels in Hmong and Burmese refugees. No IgG positivity was detected among 100 Somali refugees. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Parent Perceptions of Child Weight Status in Mexican-Origin Immigrant Families: An Investigation of Acculturation, Stress, and Coping Factors
This study examined acculturation, stress, coping, and involuntary responses to stress and their relation to estimation of child’s weight status among Mexican-origin immigrant families. Eighty-six families provided data on chi ld’s height and weight, caregiver’s perception of their child’s weight status, and caregiver’s responses to acculturation, stress, and coping scales. Parents underestimated their child’s weight status, particularly when the child was overweight or obese. Although acculturation and stress w ere not associated with accuracy, parents’ responses to stress were li...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Correlates of Psychological Distress and Psychiatric Disorders in Asylum Seekers and Refugees Resettled in an Italian Catchment Area
AbstractIn recent years there has been a progressive rise in the number of asylum seekers and refugees displaced from their country of origin, with significant social, economic, humanitarian and public health implications. The aim of this study is to describe the frequency and correlates of psychological distress and psychiatric disorders in asylum seekers and refugees resettled in an Italian catchment area. In the catchment area of Verona, all male asylum seekers and refugees aged 18 or above included in the Italian protection system for asylum seekers and refugees during a period of 1  year were screened for psychol...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Universal Health Care System? Unmet Need for Medical Care Among Regular and Irregular Immigrants in Italy
This study calculates the prevalence of unmet need for medical care among Italian citizens, regular and irregular immigrants and estimates logistic regression models to assess whether differences by citizenship and legal status hold true once adjusting for potential confounders. The analysis is based on two Surveys on Income and Living Conditions of Italian households and households with foreigners. Controlling for various factors, the odds of experiencing unmet need for medical care are 27% higher for regular immigrants than for Italian citizens and 59% higher for irregular immigrants. The gaps by citizenship and legal st...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Immigrant Generational Status and Developmental Problems among Prematurely Born Children
This study examined the relationship between family immigrant status and developmental problems among children born preterm. The 2011 –2012 National Survey of Children’s Health data collected through a telephone based survey based on parental report of prematurity and other comorbidities were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression analysis to examine seven developmental outcomes. Preterm 1st/2nd generation children ha d fewer developmental problems than preterm 3rd generation children. Controlling for socioeconomic status and other covariates, 1st/2nd generation children had significantly lower odds of...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Erratum to: Sex Differences and Predictors of Changes in Body Weight and Noncommunicable Diseases in a Random, Newly-Arrived Group of Refugees Followed for Two Years
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Implementation and Evaluation of a Recurring Interdisciplinary Community Health Fair in a Remote U.S. –Mexico Border Community
AbstractThe purpose of this project was to design, implement, and assess a recurring interdisciplinary community health fair in an underserved border town. University of California San Diego (UCSD) medical and pharmacy students, under faculty supervision, worked alongside community partners in Calexico, California to implement a health fair two miles from the U.S. –Mexico border. Demographic and screening data were described from 293 participants from 2014 to 2016. Over 90% (269/293) listed Mexico as their country of birth, 82.9% (243/293) were monolingual Spanish speakers, 75.4% (221/293) had an annual household inc...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Community Health Workers ’ Role in Occupational Safety and Health Research
AbstractWe systematically reviewed the literature to describe how community health workers (CHWs) are involved in occupational health and safety research and to identify areas for future research and research practice strategies. We searched five electronic databases from July 2015 through July 2016. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) study took place in the United States, (2) published as a full peer-review manuscript in English, (3) conducted occupational health and safety research, and (4) CHWs were involved in the research. The majority of 17 included studies took place in the agriculture industry (76%). CHWs were...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sexual Migration and HIV Risk in a Sample of Brazilian, Colombian and Dominican Immigrant MSM Living in New York City
We examined motivations for migration to the United States (US) among 482 Brazilian, Colombian, and Dominican men who have sex with men (MSM). Participants ’ most common reason for migration was to improve their financial situation (49%), followed by sexual migration in order to affirm their sexual orientation (40%). Fewer endorsed sexual migration motivated by avoiding persecution due to being gay (13%). We conducted further analyses among 276 parti cipants who migrated after age 15 and were HIV-negative at the time of migration. We hypothesized that sexual migration would be associated with greater likelihood of HI...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Examining Difference in Immigration Stress, Acculturation Stress and Mental Health Outcomes in Six Hispanic/Latino Nativity and Regional Groups
AbstractLittle is known about the specific behavioral health impact of acculturation stressors that affect Hispanic/Latino immigrant sub-groups. These immigration-related stressors and traumatic events may have differential impact on depression depending on country/region of origin. Using a measure of immigration and acculturation stress, the current study sought to determine differences in the impact of stress on six sub-groups of Hispanic immigrants. Data on stress and depression were examined using a large, representative adult immigrant sample (N = 641). Controlling for age, gender and years in the US, fa...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Spirituality for Mental Health and Well-Being of Adult Refugees in Europe
This article reports on a pre- and post-test experimental study with 4504 refugees in 38 camps across nine destination countries. The aim was to examine the role of spirituality and a specially designed spiritual education programme in promoting mental health of refugees. A pre- and post-test experimental design has been used with three scales to examine the outcome measures: (1) the trauma screening questionnaire (2) life orientation test-revised and (3) mental health inventory-38. Results showed that compared with pre-test scores, the average post-test scores of the refugees on the trauma questionnaire were lower, and hi...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Foreign-Born Blacks Experience Lower Odds of Obesity but Higher Odds of Diabetes than US-Born Blacks in New York City
This study compared obesity and diabetes odds in FBBs and US-born Blacks (USBBs) in NYC. Analyzing the 2009 –2013 NYC Community Health Survey (3701 FBBs and 6297 USBBs), weighted multivariate logistic regression examined odds of obesity and diabetes, adjusting for age, gender, education, income, marital status, children
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Perceived Racial Discrimination and Pain Intensity/Disability Among Economically Disadvantaged Latinos in a Federally Qualified Health Center: The Role of Anxiety Sensitivity
AbstractThe present study examined the role of anxiety sensitivity (AS; fear of the negative consequences of anxiety) in the relation between perceived racial discrimination and pain-related problems among Latinos seeking health services at a Federally Qualified Health Center. Participants included 145 adult Latinos (87.80% female,Mage = 38.07 years,SD = 11.98, and 96.2% reported Spanish as their first language). Results indicated that perceived racial discrimination was indirectly related to the pain intensity and pain disability through AS. These effects were evident above and beyond the variance ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge, Attitudes and Barriers to Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine Uptake Among an Immigrant and Refugee Catch-Up Group in a Western Canadian Province
AbstractVaccination is a key strategy to prevent cervical cancer in developed countries. Lower uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among new immigrants and refugees has been documented, although exploration of underlying reasons remains an understudied area. Semi-structured interviews with eleven immigrant women (ages 18 –26 years) were conducted to understand their knowledge, attitudes and barriers regarding HPV vaccination in a western Canadian province. Participants had limited knowledge about HPV and the vaccine. Most women perceived that their risk of HPV was low, however expressed willingness...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial/Ethnic Discrimination and Diabetes-Related Outcomes Among Latinos with Type 2 Diabetes
AbstractDiscrimination is associated with adverse health outcomes, but few studies have examined the association of discrimination with diabetes-related outcomes including mental health and glycemic control, particularly for immigrant and US-born Latinos. We analyzed survey data (n  = 222) collected at baseline of a diabetes intervention. Using multiple linear regression, we examined the association of racial/ethnic discrimination with depressive symptoms, diabetes-related distress, and HbA1c, and variation in these associations by nativity and, for immigrants, length of U S residence. Racial/ethnic discrimin...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Characteristics of Physical Aggression in Children of Immigrant Mothers and Non-immigrant Mothers: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Survey of Young Canadians
This study aims to determine the prevalence and characteristics of PA in children of immigrant and non-immigrant mothers. Secondary data analysis was conducted using the nationwide 2010 Survey for Young Canadians, limited to children 4 –9 years of age. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression was performed, with the outcome, PA, and covariates including maternal, child, household and neighbourhood characteristics. Twenty percent of children of non-immigrant mothers and 16% of children of immigrant mothers reported PA. Th e only common characteristic of PA between children of non-immigrant (Adj OR 1.44, 95...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnic Variations in Adiponectin Levels and Its Association with Age, Gender, Body Composition and Diet: Differences Between Iranians, Indians and Europeans Living in Australia
AbstractAdiponectin is an adipocyte-derived protein with anti-diabetic, anti-atherogenic and anti-inflammatory action, but there are few studies on its association with cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in different ethnic groups in Australia. This cross-sectional study evaluated ethnic differences in adiponectin levels and its association with age, gender, body composition and diet in 89 adult Australians of European (n  = 28), Indian (n = 28) and Iranian (n = 33) ancestries. Different measures of adiposity were assessed using the method of whole body dual energy X-ray abs...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Enhancing Understanding of Postpartum Pain Among Migrant and Non-migrant Women Through  a Qualitative Lens
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research