A Systematic Review of Perinatal Social Support Interventions for Asylum-seeking and Refugee Women Residing in Europe
AbstractAsylum-seeking and refugee women currently residing in Europe face unique challenges in the perinatal period. A range of social support interventions have been developed to address these challenges. However, little is known about which women value and why. A critical interpretive synthesis was undertaken using peer reviewed and grey literature to explore the nature, context and impact of these perinatal social support interventions on the wellbeing of asylum-seeking and refugee women. Four types of interventions were identified which had varying impacts on women ’s experiences. The impacts of the interventions we...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 6, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Role of Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration in Perceived Stress and Depressive Symptomatology Trends During Pregnancy
AbstractOur goal was to examine the role of race, ethnicity, and immigration status on prenatal perceived stress and depressive symptomatology trends across pregnancy in a low-income, minority population of pregnant women in urban Los Angeles. Longitudinal data on 442 Hispanic and Black women were analyzed using mixed effects models with a random intercept for participant were employed to evaluate predictors of higher perceived stress levels and probable depression across pregnancy. Compared to U.S. born Hispanic women, Black women had higher perceived stress ( β 2.24; 95% CI 0.41, 4.07) and higher odds of probable depre...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 6, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Behaviorally Supported Exercise and Exercise-Induced Mood Changes on Elevated Blood Pressure and Hypertension in African American Adults with Severe Obesity
AbstractAfrican Americans with obesity have high rates of hypertension. Exercise has been shown to significantly reduce high blood pressure; however, effects through associated reductions in anxiety and depression are unclear. African American adults with either class 2 or 3 obesity (n  = 86; Mage = 43.4 years) and either elevated blood pressure (n = 16) or stage 1 (n = 33) or stage 2 (n = 37) hypertension participated in a theoretically driven community-based weight-management program. There were significant increases in exercise outputs; while systolic and diastolic blood pressure, anxiety, and depre...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 6, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Parity and Psychosocial Risk Factors Increase the Risk of Depression During Pregnancy Among Recent Immigrant Women in Canada
This study describes the prevalence and early determinants of antenatal depression among recent ( ≤ 5 years) and long-term immigrants (>  5 years), compared to Canadian-born women. 503 women completed standardized self-report questionnaires measuring sociodemographics and psychosocial factors. Multivariate logistic regressions identified first trimester risk factors for depression in each immigrant group. The prevalence of depress ive symptoms was highest for recent immigrant (25.3–30.8%) compared to long-term immigrant (16.9–19.2%) and Canadian-born women (11.7–13.8%). Among recent immigrants, multiparity...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 6, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Housing Insecurity Among Latinxs
Abstract Latinxs are vulnerable to experiencing housing insecurity and less likely to receive public benefits, such as health insurance, which can impact a household ’s economic resources. We inform homelessness prevention by examining the association of social risks and healthcare access with housing insecurity for Latinxs. Our sample consisted of 120,362 participants under the age of 65, of which 17.3% were Latinx. Weighted chi-squared tests and logistic reg ression were used to examine predictors of housing insecurity. Housing insecurity was measured as worry about paying for housing. Latinxs were almost twice as like...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 6, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cervical Cancer Screening Behaviors Among Asian Indians in the United States: A Systematic Review
AbstractWhile Asian Indians (AIs) are the third fastest-growing Asian minority population in the United States, they fall short of the Healthy People cervical cancer screening target goals, with rates averaging 70% compared to 83% among non-Hispanic Whites. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine factors influencing cervical cancer screening behaviors among AIs in the US. Medline, CINAHL, PubMed, PsychINFO, and ProQuest databases were searched for qualitative and quantitative studies conducted between 1990 and 2017 that focused on cervical cancer screening behaviors among AIs in the US. The seven selected quant...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 6, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Breast Self-examination Among AKHA Women (Hill Tribe Group) in Chiang Rai, Thailand
This study aims to report the percentage of BSE and examine the associated factors with BSE among Akha women, the largest ethnic group in northern part of Thailand. A study was conducted with 296 Akha women by survey quantitative data. Descriptive statistic and Binary regression were used for analysis. The majority of the participants were 45 –59 years old (51.70%), and illiterate (68.90%). The percentage of good BSE founded 19.60%. The participants who received breast information showed zero-point one three time more likely to report good BSE compared to those non receiving (OR 0.13; 95% CI 0.03–0.53). Factor of susc...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 6, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Willingness of a Multiethnic Immigrant Population to Donate Biospecimens for Research Purposes
AbstractThis cross-sectional study explores the willingness to donate biospecimens for research purposes among six refugee communities in North Texas (spanning Myanmar, Central Africa, Somalia, Nepal, Arabic speaking countries, and others). Participants were asked four questions about biospecimen donation: (1) previously asked to donate, (2) ever agreed to donate, (3) willingness to donate for future research, and (4) what samples they would be willing to donate. Most participants (77%) were willing to donate biosamples for medical research; 58% were willing to donate samples. Fewer refugees from Somalia were willing to do...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 6, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Migration and the Health of Non-migrant Family: Findings from the Jamaica Return(ed) Migrants Study
AbstractResearch on the association between migration and health among nonmigrant family in Jamaica is limited. Data from the 2012 Jamaica Return(ed) Migrants Study (N  = 621) and weighted regression models were used to investigate the association between migration and health among left-behind women (n = 323) and men (n = 298) in Jamaica. Compared to women whose children lived in Jamaica, women who had a child abroad reported lower odds of good mental health (OR = 0.46, 95% CI 0.21, 0.97). Men in this situation were less satisfied with their lives (b = − 2.370, p = 0.031). Women reported better physical (b ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 6, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Mixed Method Examination of Sleep Patterns and Barriers to Sleep in Hispanic Women
This study underscores barriers to healthy sleep and the associations between sleep and health in Hispanic women. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 6, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Differential Item Functioning of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Among Chinese Adolescents
This study examined differential item functioning (DIF) in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) between Chinese and White adolescents (aged 13 to 17  years) living in Canada. A series of ordinal logistic regressions were used to test for uniform and non-uniform DIF on items in the CES-D. The DIF analyses identified non-uniform DIF for Item 7 (“I felt that everything I did was an effort”). Controlling for gender and strength of ethnic identi ty in the DIF analyses did not alter the DIF results. The results of this study suggest that CES-D Item 7 does not appear to discriminate at higher levels ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 6, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Refugee and Asylum Seeker Communities and Access to Mental Health Support: A Local Case Study
AbstractThe complex mental health needs of refugee and asylum seeker (RAS) communities, often resulting from past trauma, are not met by overburdened and inadequate service provision. Pre-displacement, in-transit, and post-settlement traumas create a specific set of mental health needs which underfunded mental health services often cannot meet, despite the illusion of access to a range of services. This paper aims to explore how a range of stakeholders responded to inadequate provision at the local level. Interviews and focus groups with regional stakeholders, charities and RAS community groups, which were conducted as par...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - May 4, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Development of Tuberculosis Disease Among Refugees, Massachusetts, 2008 –2018
AbstractRefugees and immigrants undergo tuberculosis screening prior to arrival in the United States. CDC Technical Instructions for screening changed in 2007. Our goal was to quantify TB disease in refugees after 2007 and identify risks for disease. Massachusetts refugee and tuberculosis databases were matched to identify refugees who arrived 2008 –2017 and were diagnosed with tuberculosis infection or disease 2008–2018. Factors associated with disease were analyzed in SAS. Of 19,583 refugees, 4706 were diagnosed with infection at arrival and 60 with disease during the observation period. Lack of treatment for infecti...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 30, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Length of Residency in the United States and Obesity Across Race/Ethnicity
We examined whether the association between length of US residency (LUSR) and obesity is dependent on race/ethnicity and sex, among foreign-born individuals. Adult ’s body mass index (N = 151,756) were analyzed using the 2013–2017 National Health Interview Surveys. Among foreign-born adults living in the US <  5 years, non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics had the highest obesity prevalence compared to non-Hispanic Whites and Asians. Blacks and Hispanics also had the highest incremental percentage point increase in obesity (13%) between <  5 years and ≥ 15 years LUSR. Foreign-born black men had ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 30, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An Examination of Psychological Stress, Fatigue, Sleep, and Physical Activity in Chinese Americans
This study aimed to (1) examine psycho-physiological health (psychological stress and fatigue) and lifestyle behaviors (sleep and physical activity) between Chinese Americans and whites, and (2) investigate whether race and lifestyle behaviors were independent predictors of psycho-physiological health. This study included 87 middle-aged healthy adults (41 Chinese Americans, 46 whites). Each participant underwent a two-night actigraphy-based sleep assessment. Chinese Americans reported higher psychological stress and fatigue, had poorer objective sleep outcomes (shorter sleep duration, lower sleep efficiency, and longer sle...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research