Creating a Tool to Assess Interpretive Services Perceptions at a Hospital System Level
AbstractThe importance of using professional interpretive services (IS) when communicating with patients and families with limited English proficiency (LEP) is well described in the literature. There is no standardized tool to reliably evaluate IS from the point of view of bedside care providers. Collected local qualitative data and literature review informed an anonymous electronic survey that was distributed to physicians and nursing staff at a tertiary care children ’s hospital. Authors then used exploratory factor analysis to analyze results. Survey response rate was 27%. Seven key factors were identified; the or...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Examining the Relationship Between Physical Activity and Self-Efficacy for Exercise Among Overweight and Obese Marshallese Adults
This study examined associations between physical activity frequency and self-efficacy for exercise (SEE) among Marshallese adults in the United States. Data were collected from overweight and obese Marshallese participants (N  = 378) enrolled in a Diabetes Prevention Program trial. Logistic and ordinal logistic regressions were employed to examine associations between physical activity and SEE, adjusting for covariates. SEE was significantly associated with engaging in sufficient total physical activity [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.70], moderate physical activity (OR = 2.23), and vigorou...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Student and Faculty Diversity is Insufficient to Ensure High-Quality Medical Spanish Education in US Medical Schools
AbstractMedical Spanish education aims to reduce linguistic barriers in healthcare and has historically been led by Hispanic/Latinx students and faculty, often without formal training or institutional support. We surveyed 158 US medical schools about their medical Spanish programs. We then examined national trends in Underrepresented in Medicine and Hispanic/Latinx faculty and students as factors associated with meeting medical Spanish basic standards for curricula, educators, assessment, and course credit. We received responses from 125 schools (79%), of which 98 (78%) reported offering some form of medical Spanish. Schoo...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Do Standardized Scripts Improve Interpreter Use by Spanish-Speaking Patients?
AbstractPatients with limited English-proficiency (LEP) who need but do not receive interpreters have lower satisfaction and poorer understanding. A knowledge gap remains regarding the optimal way to offer interpreters. Using standardized scripts, we will determine whether the questions we use to offer interpreters increase utilization. Pilot prospective cohort study of postpartum mothers with LEP. Subjects were assigned one of three unique scripted question offering an interpreter. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, chi-square test, and Fisher ’s exact test. Fifty-five LEP patients were randomized into three study arms...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Enlaces Por La Salud: A Personal Health Navigator Intervention Grounded in the Transnational Framework
We describe the development and implementation of Enlaces, a six-session, individual-level intervention, guided by the transnational framework, to improve HIV care outcomes for newly diagnosed and out-of-care Mexican men and transgender women (TW). Descriptive statistics summarizing baseline data and implementation outcomes are provided. 91 participants enrolled between October 2014 and August 2017. Intervention engagement and satisfaction was high; 81.3% completed all six sessions and 100% were very satisfied/satisfied with their experience. Successful implementation of the ENLACES intervention was the result of establish...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health-Related Quality of Life Among Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Northern Greece
This study constitutes the first research assessing HRQoL of refugees and asylum seekers in Northern Greece. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants and Inequities in Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Care Access Among Im/Migrant Women in Canada: Findings of a Comprehensive Review (2008 –2018)
AbstractGiven growing concerns of im/migrant women ’s access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, we aimed to (1) describe inequities and determinants of their engagement with SRH services in Canada; and (2) understand their lived experiences of barriers and facilitators to healthcare. Using a comprehensive review methodology, we sear ched the quantitative and qualitative peer-reviewed literature of im/migrant women’s access to SRH care in Canada from 2008 to 2018. Of 782 studies, 38 met inclusion criteria. Ontario (n = 18), British Columbia (n = 6), and Alberta (n&thins...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Levels of HIV Testing Among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men in Bulgaria: Very Low Testing by Ethnic Minority Roma (Gypsy) Men
AbstractLittle is known about HIV testing among young men who have sex with men (MSM) in Southeastern European countries, nor about differences in testing by young ethnic majority and young Roma MSM, the region ’s most disadvantaged minority population. 271 young MSM (153 non-Roma and 118 Roma) were recruited in Sofia, Bulgaria and completed measures of HIV testing, psychosocial characteristics related to testing, sexual behavior, and substance use. While 74% of ethnic majority MSM had an HIV test (and 5 6% had multiple prior tests), only 4% of Roma MSM had ever been tested. Roma MSM had lower knowledge about HIV tes...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Coping with Migration-Related Stressors: A Systematic Review of the Literature
AbstractLabour migration is an important livelihood strategy for individuals in low- and middle-income countries, and involve potential benefits and challenges. This paper reviews the coping strategies used by migrants to manage migration-related stressors. A systematic review and narrative analysis was conducted. Study quality was appraised using Critical Appraisal Skills Programme and STROBE. The review identified 30 studies representing migrants from over 33 countries. Problem-solving, support-seeking, and accommodation were the most common strategies used to cope with job stress; irregular legal status; stigma; family ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

High Prevalence of Cervical High-Risk Human Papillomavirus Harboring Atypical Genotypes in Human Immunodeficiency Virus -Infected and -Uninfected First-Generation Adult Immigrant Women Originating from Sub-Saharan Africa and Living in France
AbstractHuman papillomavirus (HPV)-related cervical lesions in first-generation immigrant African women in France should reflect the epidemiology of high-risk (HR)-human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in sub-Saharan Africa. First-generation immigrant African women attending theCentre Hospitalier R égional of Orl éans, France, were prospectively subjected to endocervical swabs for HPV DNA PCR and Pap smear. Fifty women (mean age, 41.7 years) living in France (mean stay, 10.7 years) were enrolled, including 26.0% of HIV-negative women from general population and 74.0% of women with known HIV infection...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Unmet Healthcare Needs Among Migrant Populations in Canada: Exploring the Research Landscape Through a Systematic Integrative Review
ConclusionFurther research is required on unmet needs of migrants that considers the variation of unmet needs and their causal factors within different groups of migrants, in particular, refugee claimants, foreign workers, international students, and elderly migrants. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Latinx with Type 2 Diabetes: Perceptions of Cognitive Health
This study explored the meaning of cognitive health from the perspective of Latinx adults with T2DM to assist in detecting problems with diabetes self-management. This was an exploratory qualitative descriptive study using narrative interviews (n  = 30) and content analysis. Participants’ mean age was 66 years; mean time with diabetes, 8.7 years; mean A1C, 9.7%. Participants emphasized health as the absence of disease, memory issues as a cognitive compliant, use of cognitive strategies, and the negative effect of cognitive problems o n self-management. An additional finding was the impact of e...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Leaving Paper Behind: Improving Healthcare Navigation by Latino Immigrant Parents Through Video-Based Education
AbstractSystem barriers to effective healthcare engagement and navigation contribute to healthcare disparities among Latino children with immigrant parents in the US. We evaluated a nine-minute educational video supporting healthcare navigation and engagement skills of Spanish-speaking Latino parents of infants. Participants viewed the video at their child ’s 2-month well-visit, completed a pre-and post-video knowledge evaluation, and answered open-ended questions on video style. A paired t test was used to examine differences in knowledge and open-ended responses were coded using an iterative, consensus-based proces...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Perceptions and Experiences of Health and Social Care Utilisation of the UK-Nepali Population
AbstractWith the growing UK Nepali community, understanding their health and social care needs is an essential to reduce health and social care inequalities. However, very little is known about the health, wellbeing and utilisation of health and social care services among the Nepali population in the UK. Therefore, this study set out to identify health and social care needs of Nepali community. The mixed-methods study was conducted with the Nepali population living in London. It consists of a semi-structured survey (N = 345); three focus group discussions and three key informant interviews. The mean age of the ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Oral Health Status, Oral Health Behaviours and Oral Health Care Utilisation Among Migrants Residing in Europe: A Systematic Review
AbstractAs the reported data on oral health status among the migrants in Europe is fragmented, we systematically reviewed the published literature on the oral health status, behaviours and care utilisation among migrants residing in Europe. For this, we retrieved publications from PubMed and EMBASE, supplemented by manual citation screening and grey literature search on Google scholars. Two independent reviewers screened the studies, extracted data and critically appraised the publications. A total of 69 studies included showed higher dental caries among migrant children. But some studies on adolescents and adults reported...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Inequalities in Frailty Among Older Turkish and Moroccan Immigrants and Native Dutch: Data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam
AbstractVery few studies have investigated frailty among older immigrants in Europe. The aim of the current study was to investigate inequalities in frailty in young-olds related to gender, educational level and country of origin, as well as intersections between these characteristics. Cross-sectional data were used from older Turkish and Moroccan immigrants (n  = 466) and native Dutch (n = 1,020), all aged 55–65 years and participating in the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam. Frailty was assessed with a 30-item frailty index, based on the deficit accumulation approach. Frailty was ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Refugee and Migrant Health Literacy Interventions in High-Income Countries: A Systematic Review
AbstractHealth literacy is a key determinant of health in refugee and migrant populations living in in high-income countries (HICs). We conducted a systematic review of randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) to characterize the scope, methodology, and outcomes of research on interventions aimed at improving health literacy among these vulnerable populations. We searched EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases to identify RCTs of health literacy intervenions in our target population published between 1997 and 2018. The search yielded 23 RCTs (n = 5625 participants). Study demographics, hea...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Epidemiology of Diversity: COVID-19 Case Rate Patterns in California
This report seeks to illustrate the differential effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in the state’s “majority-minority” population and to discuss the resulting implications for public health. Laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases in California (disaggregated by race/ethnicity into mutually exclusive groups) were integrated with their respective population values to create case rates per 100,000 population, categorized by age group and race/ethnic ity. The case rates within each non-White population, in almost every age group, were higher than the White Non-Hispanic population, ranging from one-and-a-half ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Challenges and Barriers to HIV Care for Mexican Born Men Living in Chicago
Discussion: More prevention and intervention research is needed to ameliorate the negative socioeconomic and health ramifications of immigration and bolster mental and sexual health, reduce HIV transmission, and increase testing, linkage and care retention. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Disparities in Smoking Behavior by Race/Ethnicity in 10 Diverse Communities in Chicago: Findings from Sinai Community Health Survey 2.0
This study aimed to identify racial/ethnic smoking behavior disparities in Chicago between 2015 and 2016. We used data from the Sinai Community Health Survey 2.0, a population-based survey conducted among adults living in ten diverse communities in Chicago. A total of 1543 adults completed the survey. We estimated the prevalence of smoking behavior among participants who had smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lives (N  = 598). We stratified by race/ethnicity and sex, reporting statistically significant differences at p 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Full Systematic Review on the Effects of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Mental Health Symptoms in Child Refugees
This study aimed to assess the effects of CBT on symptoms of PTSD, depression and anxiety in child refugees/AS. Ethics were reviewed and granted by the University of Manchester ethics committee. Medline, Embase, Cochrane, PsycINFO and CINAHL were systematically searched. Studies were included if CBT was delivered to refugee/AS children with pre and post-intervention measures of symptoms. Sixteen studies fulfilled criteria. In all studies, mental health symptom scores post-intervention had reduced, suggesting an improvement in mental health following CBT. This reduction was statistically significant in twelve studies (p  
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Examining Trends of Cigarette Smoking Amongst Syrian Refugees During Their First Two Years in Canada
AbstractThis brief report explored trends of cigarette smoking among Syrian newcomers in the first two years of resettlement in Canada. 1794 adult Syrian refugees were surveyed about their physical and mental health, and smoking behaviours. Results were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Wilcoxon signed-rank tests, and logistic regressions. Almost 27% of the sample reported cigarette smoking (50% light smokers and 50% moderate/heavy smokers). Light smokers increased and moderate/heavy smokers decreased in the number of cigarettes smoked from year 1 to year 2. Moderate/heavy smokers were more likely to be male and repor...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of Maternal Age on the Foreign-Born Paradox
AbstractTo examine the effect of maternal age on the risk of preterm birth and its phenotypes in foreign-born compared to native-born mothers. The 2014 –2017 US Birth and Fetal Death data were analyzed (N = 14,867,880). Log-binomial regression models were used to estimate adjusted prevalence ratios (APR), quantifying the association between mother’s nativity and preterm birth and its phenotypes, stratified by maternal age. Foreign-born moth ers had a 13% lower probability of preterm birth compared to their native-born counterparts (APR, 0.87 [95% CI 0.86–0.87]). This protective effect persis...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Initial Efficacy of a Community-Derived Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Latinx Parents and their Children
AbstractMindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) may offer a means for Latinx families to ameliorate stress, enhance emotion regulation, and foster social support. We assessed pilot data from Latinx parents in Eastside Los Angeles (n  = 27) matched with their children aged 10–16 (n = 32) to determine whether participation in a community-derived MBI was associated with greater improvements in dispositional mindfulness, perceived stress, emotion regulation, and family social support compared to a control condition. Compa red to the control group, parents in the MBI group showed greater reducti...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health of Infants Born to Venezuelan Refugees in Colombia
AbstractLittle is known about the health of infants born Venezuelan refugee women in Colombia. Using birth certificate data, we compared birth weight, gestational age, and Apgar scores between births to Venezuelan refugee women and Colombian women in 2016-2018 using logistic regression. We also compared number of prenatal visits and health insurance coverage. Infants born to Venezuelan refugee women were more likely to be preterm (OR=1.14 [95%CI:1.07,1.23]), extremely preterm (OR=1.71 [95%CI:1.19,2.46]), low birth weight (OR=1.30 [95%CI:1.18,1.42]), and very low birth weight (OR  =1.80 [95%CI:1.45,2.23]) than infants ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Depression Among Immigrants in the U.S.
This study revealed that the prevalence of depression is low among immigrants. This underscores the need for more studies to understand why this population is doing better despite the stressful physical conditions they experience. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Demographic and Psychosocial Factors Associated with Suicidal Ideation among Resettled Bhutanese Refugees
This study aims to identify socio-demographic and psychosocial characteristics associated with the suicidal ideation among resettled Bhutanese refugees in the United States. Structured interviews were conducted with 200 resettled Bhutanese refugees in Columbus, Ohio. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify variables associated with suicidal ideation. Most participants were male (59.0%), married (77.9%), 55% reported no formal education, 12% were of Dalit ( “lower”) caste, and 6.2% reported suicidal ideation. Multivariable logistic regression analysis included four variables that wer...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Proportion of Infectious Disease Cases, Its Associated Factors, and the Appropriateness of Antimicrobial Prescription Among Rohingya Refugee Pediatric Patients in IMARET Mobile Clinics
The objective of this study is to determine the proportion of infectious diseases and appropriateness of antimicrobial usage among its pediatrics patients. It was conducted in 2017, through universal sampling. Information retrieved were via interviews and medical records. The majority diagnosis were infectious diseases (57.1%), which include respiratory infections (77.3%), skin (13.6%), gastrointestinal (4.5%), eye and ear infection (both 1%). Albendazole (40.7%) was the most prescribed. Only 7.4% were appropriately prescribed antimicrobials. Age (p  = 0.005) and BMI (p = 0.006) were significant...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Psychological Symptoms in Community-Dwelling Chinese American Patients with Chronic Cancer Pain
AbstractCancer is common among older Chinese American immigrants. Psychological distress may be associated with cancer pain, yet prior studies have not examined this relationship. We conducted a secondary analysis of 514 Chinese Americans with cancer-related pain. Patients completed validated questionnaires, including the Chinese Health Questionnaire-12 (CHQ-12). Analyses evaluated associations among sociodemographics, acculturation, psychological distress, and pain variables. Most patients had low acculturation and socioeconomic levels. Overall, 51.9% of patients reported moderate-severe psychological distress, 35.8% repo...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 2, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Provider Knowledge and Attitudes About Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in Philadelphia
DiscussionWhile most providers reported encountering patients with FGM/C, lack of formal training leaves them unprepared and uncomfortable serving them. Results demonstrate misunderstanding of the tradition and motives of FGM/C. Our findings support the need for expansion of provider education to provide culturally competent care for women affected by FGM/C. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Heterogeneity in the Association of Citizenship Status on Self-Rated Health Among Asians in California
AbstractCitizenship is considered an egalitarian legal identity but may function differently among minorities because of racial/ethnic stratification and historical context. Using Asians, I examine whether the association between citizenship and self-rated health differs by ethnicity. I examine the moderating effect of Asian ethnic group (Chinese, Filipino, Korean, Vietnamese, and Other Asian) on citizenship and self-rated health using the 2012 –2016 California Health Interview Survey (n = 11,084). Models account for demographics, socioeconomic status, healthcare, and English proficiency. Adjusting for ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Three-Tiered Model for Addressing the Mental Health Needs of Immigrant-Origin Youth in Schools
AbstractTo date, little research has systematically considered the ways in which schools can better address the needs of immigrant-origin youth (IOY). Further, considering the increased negative attitudes toward and policies targeting IOY and families within the U.S., there is a need to go beyond targeting just IOY at risk for mental health concerns and promote a culture of inclusion throughout the school. The goal of this paper is to address ways in which schools can best attend to the mental health needs of IOY by systematically integrating prevention and intervention efforts across three tiers of support within the scho...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of Socio-economic Status on Low Birthweight: Decomposing the Differences Between Natives and Immigrants in Spain
AbstractIn this population-based study, we explored the relationships between immigration, socio-economic status (SES), and perinatal outcomes. We quantified the effects of SES on birthweight disparities between native and immigrant mothers in Spain. We obtained birth and SES data from the 2011 census and administrative registers for years 2011 –2015. The associations between origin, statuses, and the likelihood of low birthweight were estimated using logistic regressions. Fairlie’s nonlinear extension of the Oaxaca–Blinder decomposition method was applied to identify the extent to which the differences i...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnicity and Low Birth Weight: Inequalities Between Ethnic Minorities and the Predominant Mestizo Population, Colombia, 2008 – 2014
AbstractLow birth weight (LBW) is a global problem that annually affects nearly 20 million children, 96% of these in developing countries. According to the WHO, the poorest and the ethnic minorities are the groups most affected by this indicator. A cross-sectional study of the database of all newborns officially registered in Colombia in 2008 –2014 was done. While dichotomizing the mestizo population and ethnic minorities (Afro-descendants, indigenous, ROM), normal and low birth weight was used as the dependent variable and ethnicity as the explanatory variable. Other variables of the parents and the newborns were us...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Medical-Legal Partnerships Serving Immigrant Communities in the United States
AbstractThe medical-legal partnership addresses social and political determinants of health. Yet, relatively little is known about best practices for these two service providers collaborating to deliver integrated services, particularly to im/migrant communities. To investigate evaluations of existing medical-legal partnerships in order to understand how they function together, what they provide, and how they define and deliver equitable, integrated care. We searched five databases (PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, HeinOnline, and Nexus Uni) using search terms related to “medical-legal partnerships”, “mig...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Associations of Neighborhood Factors and Activity Behaviors: The Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) Study
AbstractSocial and built environments may influence physical activity (PA). However, evidence for South Asian Americans (SAA), a group with low PA levels and high cardiometabolic risk, is lacking. We assessed the association between five neighborhood factors and PA behaviors in a community-based cohort of SAA. Data were from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) Study 2010 –2013 (n = 906). Adjusted multivariable models stratified by sex regressing PA behaviors on neighborhood factors were run. Higher neighborhood social cohesion was associated with 17% more PA MET m...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Analysis of Refugee Children Hospitalized in a Tertiary Pediatric Hospital
AbstractRefugee children are defined as an at-risk population as they have a high risk of physical and mental health conditions. While data exist regarding the mental health of refugee children, there are limited data about their medical health issues and mortality. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the demographic data, clinical results, treatment/management data, and mortality data of hospitalized refugee children. This is a descriptive study that analyzed the demographic data, clinical findings, treatment/management data, and mortality data of 728 refugee children aged between 1  month and 18 years who we...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effects of Protestant Christian Faith on Successful Living Transition Among South Korean Immigrants in the United States: A Qualitative Study
AbstractReligious belief and participation may facilitate well-being and the transition to living in the United States for Korean immigrants. However, there is little known about how Korean immigrant young adults obtain social/emotional support from church involvement and benefit from spiritual networks. A qualitative study was conducted through in-depth interviews with 22 members of one Protestant church in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. According to our findings, all respondents were supported in their transition to living in the United States through the social support and well-being effects of religious belief/a...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cultural Barriers to Breast Cancer Screening and Medical Mistrust Among Arab American Women
This study illuminates the need to emphasize strategies that will target the medical care system and the cultural barriers to BCS that Arab American women face in the health care system. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Perceptions of Menthol Cigarettes and Reasons for Unsuccessful Quits in an African American Community Sample
This study aimed to better understand African Americans ’ perceptions of menthol tobacco and reasons for unsuccessful quit attempts among menthol smokers. A cross-sectional survey of 407 U.S.-born African American adults from Minnesota assessed menthol perceptions and experiences trying to quit menthol cigarettes. A majority of the sample (59%) was eit her unsure of the relative harm of menthol cigarettes or perceived that menthol cigarettes are less harmful than non-menthol cigarettes. Menthol smokers were more likely than nonsmokers to perceive that menthol makes it easier to start smoking and harder to quit, and t...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Work in Progress: Immigrant Health Care from the Vantage of Cancer Testing and Screening
AbstractThis letter offers a perspective from cancer testing and  screening on the improvements in immigrant insurance coverage and care charted in Bustamante et al.’s April 2019 article inJOIH on “Health Care Access and Utilization Among U.S. Immigrants Before and After the Affordable Care Act.” Supportive evidence for their data may be found in complementary literature drawing from both the National Health Interview Survey the authors use and the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, while post-ACA surveys and state level information suggest disparities remain for lawfully present and undocumented immi...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Associations between Fatalistic Cancer Beliefs and Cancer-Screening Behaviors in Chinese American Immigrant Women
AbstractChinese Americans have among the lowest rates of up-to-date cancer screening in the United States. Fatalistic health beliefs are also common in this population and can lead to decreased healthcare utilization. We sought to understand how these fatalistic beliefs are associated with cancer screening behaviors in this underserved population. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 732 Chinese women from the greater Chinatown area of Chicago, Illinois. Surveyed questions included sociodemographic information, self-reported healthcare utilization and cancer screening behaviors. The majority of respondents were olde...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 29, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Asians and Asian Subgroups are Underrepresented in Medical Research Studies Published in High-Impact Generalist Journals
AbstractIncluding diverse participants in biomedical research is essential to reduce health disparities. We  assessed the inclusion of Asians in original research studies conducted in North America and published from 2015-2016 in six high-impact generalist journals:New England Journal of Medicine,Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA),JAMAInternal Medicine,JAMA Pediatrics,Annals of Internal Medicine, andPediatrics. We determined race reporting method, participant percentage, and reporting of outcomes or implications of findings for Asians and Asian subgroups. Of 1077 studies, 263 articles (24.4%)...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 29, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

HIV Testing Correlates: U.S. and Foreign Born High-Risk Black Heterosexual Men
We examined correlates of HIV testing and knowledge among participants of the Barbershop Talk with Brothers (BTWB) project, an HIV prevention program targeting high-risk sexual behaviors among  Black heterosexual men in Brooklyn, New York. Specifically, we examined differences between U.S. vs. foreign-born status and HIV testing rates, HIV knowledge, and socio-demographic factors. Of the 855 men included, the mean age was 33 years and 35.0% were foreign-born. Lifetime HIV testing was r eported at 84%, with greater proportion of U.S. vs foreign-born men reporting lifetime (88.6% vs. 75.0%) and recent testing ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Horizontal Collectivism Moderates the Relationship Between in-the-Moment Social Connections and Well-Being Among Latino/a College Students
AbstractSleep problems and poorer well-being may be particularly salient for Latino/a college students as they tend to experience sociocultural adjustments during this transitory time. Social connections, a correlate of health, change moment-to-moment for college students and may be experienced differently for people who more strongly endorse horizontal collectivist cultural values. We used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to examine how in-the-moment social connections influence in-the-moment health, and how horizontal collectivism moderates the moment-to-moment associations. Self-identified Latino/a college students...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers to Cardiac Rehabilitation in Ethnic Minority Groups: A Scoping Review
This study aimed to identify barriers associated with referral, enrollment, and completion/adherence of CR for cardiac participants from ethnic minorities. Medline, Embase, Emcare, CINAHL, Pubmed and APA PsycInfo were searched from data inception through January 2020. We excluded studies referring to race minorities, considering barriers reported by providers or family members, and those published in languages other than English or Portuguese. Data was extracted in an individual, provider, and system level. Of 1847 initial citations, 20 studies were included, with most being qualitative in design and classified as “g...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Could the Aid System Be Reinforcing Mental Health Symptoms Among Refugees? Clinicians ’ Experiences from Lebanon
We describe two clusters of ‘internalized’ and ‘externalized’ behaviors that may be reinforced by the assistance system. These may indicate an underlying structural dysfunction and a lack of trust on the part of refugees in the capacities of the humanitarian system to help them. At the clinical level, we suggest implic ations to strengthen the therapeutic alliance and avoid mistrust. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health Conditions and Dietary Intake Among Brazilian Immigrants in the United States of America
AbstractImmigration can improve economic status and access to education compared to the country of origin, but it challenges access to health and preventive care. Assess Brazilian immigrants' overall health conditions and dietary intake in New Jersey (US). This pilot study assessed health conditions and dietary intake. Brazilians immigrants were interviewed through their communities. Trained dietitians interviewed them using a questionnaire and three days of 24H recall. Dietary intake was analyzed using the Nutrition Data System for Research software. A sample of 118 individuals completed the protocol, majority female and ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Genetic Knowledge and Communication Among Mexican Farmworkers and Non-farmworkers in North Carolina
This study demonstrates a need for increased dissemination of genetic information to Mexican-origin farmworkers and non-farmworkers. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Health Literacy Within a Diverse Community-Based Cohort: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a typo in co-author name. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - January 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research