From Dehydration to Fractures: Medical Issues Faced by People Crossing the United States: Mexico Border
AbstractTo quantify the number of Border Crossers seen at our hospitals, broken down by diagnoses and age. We used our electronic medical record to identify the number of patients in custody of the United States Border Patrol who were seen at Banner-University: South and University Campuses during the calendar year 2016. 734 patients were identified, and the electronic medical record was used to identify the primary diagnosis and age for each one. We then manually categorized them into groups of common diagnoses. We also compared the number of border crosser emergency department (ED) visits to overall ED visits. Of 734 pat...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Is There a Link Between Childhood Family Violence and Adult Health? Understanding Family Violence Amongst South Asian American Women
AbstractThe devastating effects of experiencing violence in childhood has been particularly difficult to assess among South Asians (SA) living in the U.S. due to a lack of race  specific data. A cross-sectional quantitative study of 535 SA adult women living in the U.S. was conducted to better understand the relationship between childhood exposure to violence and health behaviors in adulthood. Measures included socio-demographics, exposure to violence as a child via witne ssing parental violence, and experience of childhood violence, adult IPV, suicide ideation and attempt, and body esteem and subjective well-being in...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correlates of Emergency Department Service Utilization Among U.S. Chinese Older Adults
AbstractOlder adults visit emergency departments (EDs) at a disproportionally higher rate than other age groups. Prior studies examining racial disparities in ED utilization focus on African Americans and Hispanics. There is a dearth of information on ED utilization patterns among older Asian Americans despite the evidence that ED expenditures in Asian Americans are comparable to that of Caucasians. To address this knowledge gap, we examined factors associated with ED service utilization in the largest Asian subgroup, U.S. Chinese older adults. Cross-sectional data from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (P...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge, Beliefs and Attitudes of Somali Men in Olmsted County, Minnesota, U.S., on the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine and Cervical Cancer Screening: January 17, 2015
This study explores the general knowledge of Human Papillomavirus vaccine (HPV) and cervical cancer screening (CCS) among Somali men in the U.S., who are major decision-makers in Somali households. HPV infects both men and women, and causes genital warts and cervical cancer (CC). High mortality from CC persists among minorities due to low uptake of preventive tools. Eleven questions assessed general knowledge of HPV and CCS among 30 Somali male respondents. The knowledge of HPV and CCS by education level, age, and years lived in the U.S., was assessed using the health belief model. Most respondents had no knowledge of HPV ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Tho ’ Much is Taken, Much Abides: Asylum Seekers’ Subjective Wellbeing
AbstractThe influence of psychosocial factors on the subjective wellbeing of asylum-seekers residing in host Western countries has scarcely been explored qualitatively. Qualitative data derived from a mixed methods prospective study investigated the subjective wellbeing of 56 community-dwelling asylum-seekers and refugees at baseline and an average of 15.7  months later. Positive and negative experiences over time were explored in relation to self-perceived emotional health. Nineteen positive and 15 negative categories of experience emerged. Distinct psychosocial and protective factors were salient regarding the valen...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Obesity and Regional Immigrant Density
AbstractCanada has an increasingly large immigrant population. Areas of higher immigrant density, may relate to immigrants ’ health through reduced acculturation to Western foods, greater access to cultural foods, and/or promotion of salubrious values/practices. It is unclear, however, whether an association exists between Canada-wide regional immigrant density and obesity among immigrants. Thus, we examined whether r egional immigrant density was related to obesity, among immigrants. Adult immigrant respondents (n = 15,595) to a national population-level health survey were merged with region-level immi...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnic Discrimination and Smoking-Related Outcomes among Former and Current Arab Male Smokers in Israel: The Buffering Effects of Social Support
We examined the relationship between two forms of ethnic discrimination —interpersonal and institutional—and smoking outcomes among Arab men in Israel, and whether social support buffered these associations. We used cross-sectional data of adult Arab men, current or former smokers (n = 954). Mixed-effects regression models estimated the association between discr imination and smoking status, and nicotine dependence among current smokers. Interpersonal discrimination was associated with higher likelihood of being a current smoker compared to a former smoker, whereas institutional group discriminati...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An Innovative Mobile Health System to Improve and Standardize Antenatal Care Among Underserved Communities: A Feasibility Study in an Italian Hosting Center for Asylum Seekers
This study tests functionality and acceptability of a new mHealth system in providing antenatal care amongst migrants. The study, carried out between 2014 and 2016, involved 150 pregnant women residing in the largest European migrant reception center in Sicily. A ticket tracking system assessed the system ’s functionality and a questionnaire assessed women’s acceptability. The system facilitated the collection of clinical data, enabling the creation of electronic patient records and identifying 10% of pregnancies as high-risk. The application’s digital format increased health providers’ adher ence t...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Immigrant Trauma and Mental Health Outcomes Among Latino Youth
AbstractWhile research has demonstrated an association between trauma and mental health, this study examined the association between trauma experienced premigration, during migration, and postmigration, and current mental health status among Latino youth aged 12 –17 years old living in the US for
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge About Cervical Cancer Risk Factors and Practices of Pap Testing Among Turkish Immigrant Women in the United States
The objective of this study was to examine knowledge about cervical cancer risk factors and practices of Pap testing among female Turkish immigrants in the state of Florida in the United States of America (USA). This descriptive study was conducted between April and September 2012. The study sampling was consist of 156 Turkish women living in the state of Florida. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among the population of Turkish immigrant women. On the survey form comprised of a total of 37 questions and three sections there are questions pertaining to the socio-demographic characteristics of the individuals, thei...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of Health and Risk Factors of Older, Working-age Australians, Italians and Italian-born Migrants to Australia, with Data from an Italian (PASSI), and an Australian (SAMSS) Risk Factor Surveillance System
AbstractItalian-born migrants (post-WWII) are the largest non-English-speaking background migrant group in South Australia. A cross-sectional, inter-country comparison using independent samples (40 –69 years of age) from two (one in Australia, one in Italy) similar risk factor and chronic disease surveillance systems. None of the three groups (Italians, Australian-born and Italian-born Australians) had definitively worse health although the Italians had high rates for four of the seven risk factors reported (current high blood pressure, current high cholesterol, current smoking, eating less than five fruit and/o...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Health in St. Louis Bosnian-Americans
AbstractIn Bosnia and Herzegovina, cardiovascular disease accounts for nearly 50% of deaths. Cardiovascular health of resettled Bosnian-Americans has not been well-characterized. Our study aimed to quantify cardiovascular risk in Bosnian-Americans in St. Louis, the largest non-European center of resettlement. Seven community screenings focused on Bosnian-Americans were held. Cardiovascular risk was calculated to stratify individuals into low (20%) risk. Those with self-reported coronary heart disease (CHD) or risk equivalent were considered high-risk. Two-hundred fifty Bosnian-Americans were screened; 51% (n  =&thin...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effect of a Behavioral Weight-Loss Intervention on Depressive Symptoms Among Latino Immigrants in a Randomized Controlled Trial
AbstractEvidence of whether behavioral weight-loss interventions reduce depressive symptoms among Latino immigrants is limited. The effect of a behavioral weight-loss intervention on depressive symptoms was assessed using data from a clinical trial among Latino immigrants. Participants were randomized to a usual care (UC) control (n  = 41), case management (CM) alone (n = 84), or CM with community health worker support (CM+CHW) (n = 82). Generalized estimating equation models were used to compare the impact of each intervention with UC. Effect modification by poverty level was furt...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Update on Chinese American Childhood Obesity Prevalence in New York City
AbstractPrevalence of overweight and obesity was measured in 12,275 Chinese American children and adolescents, ages 2 –19, who were patients at a large federally qualified health center in 2015. Demographic characteristics sex, age, and birthplace were further stratified to explore disaggregated prevalence. Comparison of this 2015 cohort to an ethnically similar study cohort from the same health center in 2004 sh owed that the overall prevalence in overweight and obesity dropped to 21% from previously recorded 24%. US Born school-aged males continue to have the highest prevalence of overweight and obesity at 36%. Sch...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Interventions Aimed at Decreasing Obesity in Hispanic Children in the First 1000 Days: A Systematic Review
The objective of this review was to examine the evidence for interventions designed to reduce obesity in Hispanic children in the first 1000  days of life and to assess and summarize the effectiveness of the interventions. A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, Scopus, and PubMed. Included in the review were published studies that evaluated an intervention designed to prevent or reduce obesity in Hispanic children in the first 1000 days of life. Quality was assessed using the GRADE system. Out of 134 citations that were retrieved, 11 articles underwent full-text review, and 5 articles met study inclusio...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Primary Care Physicians ’ Role in Parental Decision to Vaccinate with HPV Vaccine: Learnings from a South Texas Hispanic Patient Population
AbstractHispanic populations have low HPV vaccination rates, although the vaccine is safe and efficacious. We surveyed a low-income Hispanic population to characterize knowledge gaps about the HPV vaccine and understand factors associated with the decision to vaccinate a child to determine how physicians can enhance vaccination rates. Surveys in English and Spanish were distributed to parents of children under age 18. Statistical analysis included logistic regression. Knowledge that the vaccine can prevent invasive cervical cancer most impacted intent to vaccinate. Physician recommendation to vaccinate was far more influen...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Somali Older Adults ’ and Their Families’ Perceptions of Adult Home Health Services
This study used a community-engaged qualitative descriptive approach with the participation of non-profit organization Refugees Helping Refugees. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe Somali older adults ’ and their families’ perceptions of and experiences with HHC services in order to improve its use and access. Data collection included home visits (n = 15), semi-structured interviews (n = 17) and debriefing sessions (n = 16) with 19 individuals from 14 Somali families. Somali famil ies recognized HHC services were needed and believed having services in...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acculturation, Acculturative Stress, and Depressive Symptoms in International Migrants: A Study with Vietnamese Women in South Korea
AbstractGlobally, there have been increasing numbers of migrant women; these women are at an increased risk for depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among acculturation, acculturative stress and depressive symptoms in Vietnamese women who migrated to South Korea through marriages. We hypothesized that acculturative stress would serve as a mediator in the relationship between acculturation and depressive symptoms. Our findings from surveys with 217 Vietnamese immigrant women showed that the indirect effect of acculturation on depressive symptoms, mediated through acculturative stres...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of Child Attachment in the Years Postpartum in a High-Risk Sample of Immigrant Women
AbstractOur goal was to examine maternal mental health and associated stresses in a sample of high-risk immigrant mothers, and its association with child insecure attachment in the years following childbirth. Mothers and their child (Mage = 37 months) were recruited through a Health and Social Service organization in the Parc-Extension neighborhood in Montreal, Quebec. Mothers completed the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25), the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MPSS) and a sociodemographic questionnaire th at included questions on premature delivery and birth weight. Attachment beha...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Beriberi Outbreak Among Unauthorised Immigrants in a Detention Camp in Malaysia
AbstractIn February 2012, a district health authority received three inmates with bilateral leg swelling and difficulty in breathing from a detention camp for unauthorized immigrants. A case control study was conducted. Fasting blood samples of case and control groups were collected according to instructions of the laboratory for determining thiamine level, and their 1 week dietary intake was analyzed. 9% (21/226) of inmates had bilateral leg swelling, and 75% (6/8) of them had low thiamine level (
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Enhancing Understanding of Postpartum Pain Among Migrant and Non-migrant Women Through  a Qualitative Lens
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Erratum to: Changing Places, Changing Plates? A Binational Comparison of Barriers and Facilitators to Healthful Eating Among Central American Communities
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Complexity of Resiliency Framework for Refugee Population: A Letter to the Editor Regarding Wright et al. (2016)
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Obesity and Regional Immigrant Density
AbstractCanada has an increasingly large immigrant population. Areas of higher immigrant density, may relate to immigrants ’ health through reduced acculturation to Western foods, greater access to cultural foods, and/or promotion of salubrious values/practices. It is unclear, however, whether an association exists between Canada-wide regional immigrant density and obesity among immigrants. Thus, we examined whether r egional immigrant density was related to obesity, among immigrants. Adult immigrant respondents (n = 15,595) to a national population-level health survey were merged with region-level immi...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An Innovative Mobile Health System to Improve and Standardize Antenatal Care Among Underserved Communities: A Feasibility Study in an Italian Hosting Center for Asylum Seekers
This study tests functionality and acceptability of a new mHealth system in providing antenatal care amongst migrants. The study, carried out between 2014 and 2016, involved 150 pregnant women residing in the largest European migrant reception center in Sicily. A ticket tracking system assessed the system ’s functionality and a questionnaire assessed women’s acceptability. The system facilitated the collection of clinical data, enabling the creation of electronic patient records and identifying 10% of pregnancies as high-risk. The application’s digital format increased health providers’ adher ence t...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Immigrant Trauma and Mental Health Outcomes Among Latino Youth
AbstractWhile research has demonstrated an association between trauma and mental health, this study examined the association between trauma experienced premigration, during migration, and postmigration, and current mental health status among Latino youth aged 12 –17 years old living in the US for
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge About Cervical Cancer Risk Factors and Practices of Pap Testing Among Turkish Immigrant Women in the United States
The objective of this study was to examine knowledge about cervical cancer risk factors and practices of Pap testing among female Turkish immigrants in the state of Florida in the United States of America (USA). This descriptive study was conducted between April and September 2012. The study sampling was consist of 156 Turkish women living in the state of Florida. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among the population of Turkish immigrant women. On the survey form comprised of a total of 37 questions and three sections there are questions pertaining to the socio-demographic characteristics of the individuals, thei...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of Health and Risk Factors of Older, Working-age Australians, Italians and Italian-born Migrants to Australia, with Data from an Italian (PASSI), and an Australian (SAMSS) Risk Factor Surveillance System
AbstractItalian-born migrants (post-WWII) are the largest non-English-speaking background migrant group in South Australia. A cross-sectional, inter-country comparison using independent samples (40 –69 years of age) from two (one in Australia, one in Italy) similar risk factor and chronic disease surveillance systems. None of the three groups (Italians, Australian-born and Italian-born Australians) had definitively worse health although the Italians had high rates for four of the seven risk factors reported (current high blood pressure, current high cholesterol, current smoking, eating less than five fruit and/o...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Update on Chinese American Childhood Obesity Prevalence in New York City
AbstractPrevalence of overweight and obesity was measured in 12,275 Chinese American children and adolescents, ages 2 –19, who were patients at a large federally qualified health center in 2015. Demographic characteristics sex, age, and birthplace were further stratified to explore disaggregated prevalence. Comparison of this 2015 cohort to an ethnically similar study cohort from the same health center in 2004 sh owed that the overall prevalence in overweight and obesity dropped to 21% from previously recorded 24%. US Born school-aged males continue to have the highest prevalence of overweight and obesity at 36%. Sch...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Somali Older Adults ’ and Their Families’ Perceptions of Adult Home Health Services
This study used a community-engaged qualitative descriptive approach with the participation of non-profit organization Refugees Helping Refugees. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe Somali older adults ’ and their families’ perceptions of and experiences with HHC services in order to improve its use and access. Data collection included home visits (n = 15), semi-structured interviews (n = 17) and debriefing sessions (n = 16) with 19 individuals from 14 Somali families. Somali famil ies recognized HHC services were needed and believed having services in...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Beriberi Outbreak Among Unauthorised Immigrants in a Detention Camp in Malaysia
AbstractIn February 2012, a district health authority received three inmates with bilateral leg swelling and difficulty in breathing from a detention camp for unauthorized immigrants. A case control study was conducted. Fasting blood samples of case and control groups were collected according to instructions of the laboratory for determining thiamine level, and their 1 week dietary intake was analyzed. 9% (21/226) of inmates had bilateral leg swelling, and 75% (6/8) of them had low thiamine level (
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Erratum to: Changing Places, Changing Plates? A Binational Comparison of Barriers and Facilitators to Healthful Eating Among Central American Communities
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Complexity of Resiliency Framework for Refugee Population: A Letter to the Editor Regarding Wright et al. (2016)
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exploring Pain Management Among Asian Immigrants with Chronic Pain: Self-Management and Resilience
AbstractAsians immigrants (AIs) are one of the fastest growing racial groups in many countries globally. Despite pain prevalence, studies on chronic pain management among AIs is limited in the literature. An integrative review was conducted exploring the current state of science on chronic pain management among AIs. Several databases were used to identify related articles and 15 studies met the inclusion criteria. Two major themes emerged: (a)self-management, pertaining to how AIs take responsibility for their pain, and (b)resilience, their adaptive behaviors indicating low levels of pain-related dysfunction and burden des...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnic Inequalities in Psychological Distress: A Population Data Linkage Study on the Pacific Island of Gu åhån/Guam
This study aimed to identify ethnic differences in self-reported psychological distress between the main ethnic groups on Guam. The study uses a cross sectional design with data linkage methodology, drawing on the Guam Census and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System health survey for Guam. The results showed that the native Chamorro population had worse self-reported psychological distress (defined as a ‘mental health condition or emotional problem’) than White/Caucasians (OR 2.09, 95% CI 1.52–2.87), particularly for severe distress (OR 3.61, 95% CI 1.33–2.77). This relationship persisted ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Words Matter: Charting the Landscape of US and International Health Profession Organizations ’ Public Statements About FGM/C
AbstractFemale genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is common across the globe and seen in high income countries that host migrants from high prevalence countries. Management of FGM/C in the host countries can be complicated due its often conflicting social, cultural, ethical, legal, and medical dynamics. Health profession organizations often create policy and position statements that set the tone and direction for the organization and describe desired methods, behaviors and actions applicable to the entire organization and its members. It is unclear whether or what organizational statements exist on FGM/C. We reviewed publi...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of Immigration and Duration of Residence in US on Length of Gestation Among Black Women in Newark, New Jersey
AbstractLittle is known about pregnancy outcomes of black immigrant women to the US. We surveyed 447 black women post-partum in two hospitals in Newark, NJ. Length of gestation was obtained from medical records. Covariates and information on immigration were collected by in-person interview. Risks ratios for preterm birth (
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Food Insecurity, Cardiometabolic Health, and Health Care in U.S.-Mexico Border Immigrant Adults: An Exploratory Study
AbstractHousehold food insecurity (HFI) has been linked to poorer cardiometabolic health and reduced health care access but few studies have examined these issues in the large Mexican immigrant population living on the U.S.-Mexico border. This exploratory study examined the association of HFI with cardiometabolic conditions and health care in 40 –84 year urban border immigrants (n = 75). Data were collected on HFI, self-reported and clinical cardiometabolic conditions, health care sources and use. HFI affected 45% of participants. HFI was associated with self-reported and clinical diabetes but not ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health Realization Community Coping Intervention for Somali Refugee Women
AbstractHealth Realization (HR) is a strengths-based stress and coping intervention used to promote the use of internal and external coping resources. Our three-arm comparison group trial examined the effects of a culturally adapted Somali HR intervention on coping and mental health outcomes in 65 Somali refugee women post-resettlement. Subjects participated one of three conditions: HR intervention, nutrition attention-control, and evaluation-control. The HR intervention significantly affected multiple dimensions of coping: WAYS-distancing (p  = 0.038), seeking social support (p = 0.042), positi...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Parental Attitudes and Beliefs About Preschooler Preventive Oral Health Behaviors: Implications for Health Promotion
This study seeks to examine the attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of Black parents about preventive measures against caries for their preschool children (3–5 years). Parents of Black preschool children in Miami-Dade County (n = 192) completed an oral health survey measuring oral health attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze attitudes, beliefs and favorable oral health behaviors. Logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between p arental oral health attitudes and beliefs and their children’s oral health behaviors. Most of the parents reported ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acculturation, Inflammation, and Self-rated Health in Mexican American Immigrants
AbstractThis cross-sectional study examined the bio-behavioral pathways that may account for poorer self-rated health (SRH) among Mexican American immigrants compared to non-Hispanic whites in the U.S. The association between acculturation and SRH among Mexican American immigrants was also examined. The 2009 –2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey enrolled 592 Mexican American immigrants and 2391 U.S.-born, non-Hispanic whites. Predictor variables included Mexican American ethnicity and a validated Acculturation Index comprised of language spoken at home, interview language, and proport ion of life res...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers to Enacting Childhood Sun Safety Behavior: Findings from Focus Group Interviews Among Hispanic Parents in Miami
AbstractHispanics are generally diagnosed at more advanced stages of melanoma than non-Hispanic Whites, leading to lower survival rates. As skin cancer incidence is attributable to lifetime exposure to ultraviolet light, encouraging the performance of sun safety behaviors in childhood is an important strategy to address this divide. Problematically, we know little about the barriers to sun safety among Hispanic youth, especially among the Hispanics living in South Florida. To address this gap, we conducted focus groups among parents of Hispanic children aged 4 –10 to understand the unique barriers to sun protection a...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Syndemic Factors and Resiliency Among Latina Immigrant Indirect Sex Workers in an Emergent Immigrant City
AbstractFemale sex workers (FSW) constitute a highly vulnerable population challenged by numerous co-existing, or syndemic, risk factors. FSW also display resilience to these, and some evidence suggests that resilience may be associated with protective factors that improve health outcomes. We conducted in-depth interviews with indirect sex workers (n  = 11) and their clients (n = 18). Interviews were coded utilizing an iterative, modified constant comparison method to identify emergent themes. We identified five syndemic risk factors (difficulty finding work due to undocumented status, shame and...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effects of Hispanic Immigrant Mother ’s Resiliency on Children’s Dietary Adjustment
This study explored the adjustment phase of the resiliency model of family adjustment and adaptation, particularly how stress and food insecurity interact with protective mechanisms to influence children ’s dietary adjustment. With increasing rates of Hispanic childhood obesity and disproportionate health disparities, this is an issue that must be better understood. Altogether, 137 Mexican immigrant mothers from Illinois and California completed questionnaires reporting their stressors, protective mechanisms, and family health behaviors. Multiple regression analyses revealed that higher perceived stress levels for mo...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Mental Illness and Substance Abuse Among Rural Latino Adults with Multiple Adverse Childhood Experiences in California
AbstractAdverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been found to increase health and mental health risks in adulthood. Previous ACE studies tend to have small samples of Latinos; however, as Latinos are projected to be the largest minority group in the United States, it is important to examine how ACEs are associated with self-reported mental distress and alcohol and/or substance abuse among Latino populations. An ACEs survey was conducted in a predominantly Latino town; the sample included 195 individuals (18 or older), and the majority (92%) identified as Latino. Logistic regression showed that respondents with three or m...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Arab Men and Women ’s Conceptualization of Mental Health and Depression: A Qualitative Study from the Middle East
AbstractCardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. Among cardiovascular patients, depression is associated with an increased morbidity and mortality. Understanding how depression is conceptualized from cardiovascular patients ’ perspective can help with prevention, early detection, and treatment for depression. This might reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and save health care costs. To the best of our knowledge, there is no study in the Gulf region exploring depression among Arab cardiovascular patients. T he purpose of this exploratory ethnographic qualitative research is to inves...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers and Facilitators to Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening Among Immigrants in the United States
AbstractTo summarize the literature on barriers and facilitators to breast and cervical cancer screening among immigrants to the US. A literature review was conducted for studies on breast and cervical cancer screening among immigrant populations. A thematic analysis of 180 studies identified a variety of barriers and facilitators to screening at the personal and system levels. Personal barriers included lack of knowledge and insurance coverage, high cost of care, and immigration status. System barriers included poor access to services, lack of interpreter services, and insensitivity to patient needs. Facilitators to scree...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mental Health Status and Service Assessment for Adult Syrian Refugees Resettled in Metropolitan Atlanta: A Cross-Sectional Survey
AbstractBecause little is known about the mental health status of Syrian refugees in the United States, we conducted a survey among a convenience sample of those resettled in Atlanta between March 2011 and 2017. Though home visits, we delivered a questionnaire including standardized instruments (HSCL25 and PTSD-8) to assess symptoms of anxiety, depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. We found high rates of anxiety (60%), depression (44%) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (84%) symptoms; however, only 20% of participants had seen a mental health professional. Reported reasons for not seeking professional help were lac...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cultural Orientation and Psychosocial Adjustment Among Immigrant Adolescents in South Korea
AbstractThe present study primarily uses Berry ’s theoretical model to examine national identity, acculturation (to South Korea), ethnic identity, and enculturation (to country-of-origin), and how they are linked to immigrant adolescents’ aggression and depression in South Korea. Data were collected from 120 immigrant youths (i.e., those bor n in South Korea and those born in their country-of-origin) in eight middle schools. Analyses include multivariate regression and cluster analyses. Findings indicate that South Korean identity (m = 48,F = 77.0,p 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Food Insecurity and the Double Burden of Malnutrition of Indigenous Refugee Épera Siapidara
AbstractThe goal of this paper is to assess food and nutritional security status of an indigenous population who migrated from Colombia to Ecuador. We collected data about the perception of food insecurity, anthropometric and food intake (n  = 104). An analysis multivariate (Generalized Linear Model) we used to know the adequacy to the Dietary Reference Intake (DRI). All the households were food insecure, stunting affected 45.1% of children and adolescents and the 60% were overweight or obese women. Significant differences were obs erved by gender for energy, lipid, carbohydrate, fiber, and iron (p 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research