Parent Cultural Stress and Internalizing Problems in Latinx Preschoolers: Moderation by Maternal Involvement and Positive Verbalizations
AbstractParent cultural stress has a pervasive and significant impact on family functioning and increases risk for socioemotional problems among Latinx children. Identifying factors that can protect against the negative influence of cultural stressors and enhance the developmental trajectories of Latinx children early in life is key as these children experience disproportionate risk for psychosocial adversity and internalizing mental health problems. The present study evaluated the effect of maternal cultural stress on young children ´s internalizing problems, and the moderating role of maternal parenting behaviors. ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Infant mortality among Arabic-speakers in Quebec, Canada, 1989 –2017
DiscussionArabic-speakers in Quebec have a lower risk of infant mortality than French and English-speakers, but increasing infant mortality among Arabic-speakers is narrowing the gap. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Mental Health in Immigrant Children and Adolescents in Northern Chile
The original version of this article unfortunately contained an error in article title. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Patterns of Primary Care Use Among Young Adult Refugees Resettled in Colorado
AbstractLittle is known about the prevalence of young adult refugees ’ primary care use following resettlement in Colorado. Among a sample of Bhutanese and Burmese young adult refugees resettled in Colorado, proportions with a primary care provider (PCP), physical exam in the last 12 months, and knowledge to make an appointment were calculated across 4 years and compared within the refugee population by demographics using Pearson’s Chi-Squared tests and compared to older refugees and to the general population using two-tailed tests of proportions. Greater than 70% of young adult refugees reported a ph...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Intersectional Disparities Among Hispanic Groups in COVID-19 Outcomes
AbstractPrevious geographically limited studies have shown differential impact of COVID-19 on Hispanic individuals. Data were obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. We performed multivariate Poisson regression assessing risk of hospitalization and death in Hispanic White (HW), Hispanic Black (HB), and Hispanic Multiracial/Other (HM) groups compared to non-Hispanic Whites (NHW). The relative risk of hospitalization was 1.35, 1.58, and 1.50 (p  
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Challenges in Founding and Developing Medical School Student-Run Asylum Clinics
This study aims to identify the common challenges in building SRACs and to collect insights to inform a structured approach to collaborative problem-solving. This study gathered data from online surveys and semi-structured phone interviews with representative medical student SRAC leaders. 14 clinics participated in the 2017 online survey, 15 clinics in the 2018 online survey, and eight clinics in the 2018 –2019 phone interviews. We identified common challenges in five areas: volunteer recruitment, clinic operations, case demand, institutional support, and leadership. SRACs stand to benefit from ongoing extramural col...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Asylum-Seeking Children with Medical Complexity and Rare Diseases in a Tertiary Hospital in Switzerland
AbstractThe aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of asylum-seeking children with medical complexity visiting a tertiary care hospital in Switzerland, detailing their underlying medical conditions and management. Asylum-seeking patients with frequent visits between January 2016 and December 2017 were identified using administrative and electronic health records. Of 462 patients, 19 (4%) fulfilled the inclusion criteria with 811 (45%) visits. The age of the 19 patients ranged from 0 to 16.7  years (median of 7 years) with two main age groups identified:   12 years. Nine (47%) patie...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Healthcare-Experience Survey Assessment in the Rhode Island Cambodian Community
AbstractThe Cambodian community is the largest Southeast Asian cultural identity in Rhode Island (RI) with high poverty rates and limited healthcare access. Investigators conducted a cross-sectional observational survey study from 2016 to 2017 on eligible Cambodians to better understand their healthcare experiences. Questions were reviewed by the RI Cambodian Society for cultural sensitivity. 123 surveys were collected; 98 respondents had medical providers. Respondents with providers reported difficulty understanding of their providers (59%) and limited access to medical interpreters (50%). The non-provider group were less...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Understanding Opioid Addiction in The Chaldean Community: A Brief Report
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Potential Impact of COVID-19 on Recently Resettled Refugee Populations in the United States and Canada: Perspectives of Refugee Healthcare Providers
AbstractRecently resettled refugee populations may be at greater risk for exposure to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a virus that causes coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), and face unique challenges in following recommendations to protect their health. Several factors place resettled refugees at elevated risk for exposure to persons with COVID-19 or increased severity of COVID-19: being more likely to experience poverty and live in crowded housing, being employed in less protected, service-sector jobs, experiencing language and health care access barriers, and having higher rates of co-morbidities....
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Impact of Education and Employment Quality on Self-rated Mental Health Among Syrian Refugees in Canada
AbstractFinding appropriate employment is a common challenge faced by refugees when resettling in a new country. For refugees with higher education, finding work commensurate with their skills and qualifications may be even more difficult. Refugees with higher education may experience more distress around employment because their expectations for employment are more discrepant from the realities of resettlement. As part of the SyRIA.lth project, the present study looked at employment rates and job quality of Syrian refugees resettling in Canada (N  = 1805). Moderately and highly educated participants were mor...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Perceptions of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) among Asylum Seekers in New York City
This study highlights that there may be a perception of social benefit of undergoing FGM/C. Although most participants believed the practice should be discontinued, the complex social milieu within which this practice exists must be addressed. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Mixed Methods Study on Engagement and Satisfaction with a Digitally-Enhanced Pilot Intervention Among African American and Hispanic Women
This study quantitatively and qualitatively examined the engagement and satisfaction of participants (N  = 30; 15 dyads) assigned to the intervention. Intervention participants received telephone counseling calls based on motivational interviewing and a Jawbone UP activity monitor. Intervention engagement and satisfaction data were collected from the Jawbone UP, call logs, self-report questionnair es conducted at the 16-week follow-up, and two post-intervention focus groups. Nonparametric tests assessed group differences across engagement and satisfaction measures, and a manually-driven coding scheme was used...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mammographic Breast Density and Acculturation: Longitudinal Analysis in Chinese Immigrants
In this study population, reproductive factors had a greater effect on MBD than acculturation-related behaviors in adulthood. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Socioeconomic Status, Race and Parental Initial Response to Children ’s Mental Illness
AbstractTo examine how socioeconomic status (SES) and race affect parents' initial response (IR) to their child ’s mental illness (MI) including 1. Parental confidant(s); 2. Lag time in professional help-seeking; and 3. Referral source. 70 parents of patients new to a Child Psychiatry clinic completed a survey to assess their IR to their child’s MI. SES was determined using the United States Census Bureau median income by zip codes. Summary statistics are frequencies and percentages for categorical data, and medians and quartiles for continuous data. Twenty-five percent of parents reported low SES and 31% Non-C...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effective Recruitment Strategies for a Sickle Cell Patient Registry Across Sites from the Sickle Cell Disease Implementation Consortium (SCDIC)
AbstractSickle cell disease (SCD) is a genetic disorder predominantly affecting people of African descent and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. To improve SCD outcomes, the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute funded eight centers to participate in the SCD Implementation Consortium. Sites were required to each recruit 300 individuals with SCD, over 20  months. We aim to describe recruitment strategies and challenges encountered. Participants aged 15–45 years with confirmed diagnosis of SCD were eligible. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the effectiveness of each recruitme...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors Associated to the Onset of Mental Illness Among Hospitalized Migrants to Italy: A Chart Review
AbstractMigration is a complex phenomenon and mental illness among immigrants remains a major matter of concern in Italy and worldwide. 243 medical and pharmacy records of patients admitted to University of Foggia hospital between 2004 and 2018 were retrospectively screened and included in the study. Socio-demographic data and clinical characteristics of inpatients were compared in thosewith andwithout first-episode of mental illness (FEMI). Subjects (140 men, 103 women; aged 34.4 ± 10.2 years) represented 6.66 ± 3.73% of all hospitalizations in 15 years. Nearly half of them (48.5%) had emigrated from other E...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Toward a Typology of Transnational Communication among Venezuelan Immigrant Youth: Implications for Behavioral Health
AbstractWe identify subtypes of Venezuelan youth based on patterns of technology-based communication with friends in their receiving (US) and sending (Venezuela) countries and, in turn, examine the behavioral health characteristics among different “subtypes” of youth. Using data from 402 recently-arrived Venezuelan immigrant youth (ages 10–17), latent profile analysis and multinomial regression are employed to examine the relationships between technology-based communication and key outcomes. We identified a four-class solution: [#1] “ Daily Contact in US, In Touch with Venezuela” (32%), [#2] &...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mental Health in Immigrant Children and Adolescents in Northern Chile Mental Health in Immigrant Children and Adolescents
This study compares mental health indicators in immigrant and non-immigrant children to understand the mental health effects of migration. A cross-sectional study of 634 students from Chilean schools was conducted. Fifty percent of the students were immigrants. The System for the Evaluation of Children and Adolescents was used to evaluate mental health. No significant differences were observed in mental health indicators between immigrant and non-immigrant children. At both elementary and secondary levels, immigrant students had higher rates of contextual problems (family problems and problems with peers) and lower scores ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Depression, Depression Literacy, and Sociodemographic Characteristics of Korean Americans: A Preliminary Investigation
This study investigated the prevalence of depressive symptoms among a community-based sample of KA adults; the associations among socio-demographic characteristics, depression literacy, and depressive symptoms; and predictors related to depressive symptoms. A sample of 600 KAs comple ted depression and depression literacy scales, as well as socio-demographic questionnaires. Data analyses were conducted to assess the association between depressive symptoms, depression literacy, and the covariates. Forty-five percent of participants showed elevated depressive symptoms. Marital sta tus, attained educational level, perceived m...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Predictors of Unmet Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine Need Among Persons of Sub-Saharan African Origin Living in the Greater Toronto Area
AbstractOur study seeks to examine how chronic health status, insurance coverage and socioeconomic factors predict unmet traditional, complementary and alternative medicine (TCAM) needs among immigrants from sub-Saharan African origin living in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). The data for the study comes from a cross-sectional questionnaire survey of 273 sub-Saharan African immigrants living in the GTA.  ~ 21% of respondents surveyed had unmet TCAM needs in the 12-month period prior to the survey. Persons with chronic health conditions, lower socioeconomic status, and those with previous history of TCAM use b...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Immigrant Disparities in Suicide Ideation: Variation Across Age of Migration, Gender, and Nativity
AbstractWhile mounting evidence reveals an immigrant paradox whereby foreign-born individual ’s exhibit better than expected health outcomes, this advantage is not evenly distributed with evidence of differential vulnerabilities for suicidality comparing 1.5 and first generations. We use a developmental framework to explore for variation in suicidality by developmental stage across gender and nativity. Data come from the National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS). ANOVA and logistic regression models are used to examine patterns in the prevalence of suicide ideation. The association between suicidality and age ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

HIV Testing Among Latino Emerging Adults: Examining Associations with Familism  Support, Nativity, and Gender
AbstractResearch examining factors associated with low uptake of HIV testing among Latino emerging adults is scarce. Thus, this study examined the association between familism support and lifetime history of HIV testing among Latino emerging adults, and whether nativity status and gender moderated this association. A cross-sectional online survey of 157 Latino emerging adults aged 18 –25 years living in Arizona and Florida was conducted and data were analyzed using robust Poisson regression models. Results indicated that 59.9% of participants reported a lifetime history of HIV testing. Higher familism support wa...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Real-World Association of Insurance Status with Cardio-metabolic Risk for Hispanic/Latino Adults Living on the Central Coast of California
AbstractThe primary  aim of this study was to evaluate cardio-metabolic burden by insurance status for Hispanic/Latino adults in Santa Barbara, CA. HbA1c, body mass index (BMI), and health insurance status were evaluated via community-based screenings. Cardiovascular (CV) risk was assessed using the Framingham Heart Study calculator and compared with a National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey background population. Of 593 participants (73% female, age 47.3 years (SD ± 15.2), 44.5% had no insurance or did not know if they had insurance. 16% had an HbA1c in the diabetes range, comp...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Post-migration Social-Environmental Factors Associated with Mental Health Problems among Asylum Seekers: A Systematic Review
The original version of the article unfortunately contained an error in Table 1 and the text under Result section. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of Hydatid Disease Among Migrant Workers in Malaysia
AbstractHydatid disease is not endemic in Malaysia; however, its migrant workers originate from neighboring countries where the disease is prevalent. Thus, this study was aimed at investigating the seroprevalence of hydatid disease among the workers. A total of 479 migrant workers were screened for hydatid disease. The sociodemographic information was collected, and serum samples were tested with a rapid dipstick test for hydatid disease called Hyd Rapid ™. The present study showed that 13.6% of the migrant workers were found to be seropositive for hydatid disease. The highest seroprevalence was seen among Indian wor...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Congenital CMV-Coded Diagnosis Among American Indian and Alaska Native Infants in the United States, 2000 –2017
AbstractTo assess prevalence of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV)-coded diagnosis among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) infants who received Indian Health Service (IHS)-funded care during 2000 –2017. Using data from the Indian Health Service National Data Warehouse, we identified AI/AN infants with congenital CMV-coded diagnosis, defined as presence of a diagnostic code for congenital CMV disease or CMV infection (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision or Tenth Revisi on, Clinical Modification 771.1, 078.5, P35.1, B25.xx) within 90 days of life. We calculated prevalence of congenital ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Violence Victimization Among Adolescents from Culturally or Ethnically Diverse South Korean Families
The original version of the article unfortunately contained a typo in corresponding author name. The corresponding author name is Gyungjoo Lee instead it was published incorrectly as Gyungoo Lee. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effects of Nativity Status on Well-Being Among Medicare Beneficiaries by Race/Ethnicity: A Multi-group Analysis
We examined direct and indirect effects of nativity status on stress, coping resources, health, and depression/anxiety for the three largest racial/ethnic groups [Non-Hispanic White (NHW), Non-Hispanic Black (NHB), and Hispanic] in the U.S. using the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping. We obtained the data from Round 1 of the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS; U.S.-born Medicare beneficiaries  = 4093, foreign-born Medicare beneficiaries = 382, N = 4475). We used the multi-group analysis function in structural equation modeling to examine similarities and differenc...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a Cultural Stroke Prevention Program in the United States —South Asian Health Awareness About Stroke (SAHAS)
AbstractThere are few stroke education programs focused on the South Asian population in the United States. The South Asian Health Awareness about Stroke (SAHAS) program was developed to provide culturally appropriate stroke education to South Asians from 2014 to 2017. Participants recruited for the SAHAS program were educated through a uniquely developed, culturally-specific, educational presentation. Each participant was asked to complete identical educational questionnaires both before (pre-) and after (post-) the intervention, which were then scored and evaluated. Overall, the 357 participants who completed the SAHAS p...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acculturation, HIV-Related Stigma, Stress, and Patient-Healthcare Provider Relationships Among HIV-Infected Asian Americans: A Path Analysis
AbstractAcculturation may limit HIV-positive Asian Americans ’ active interactions with patient-healthcare providers (HCP) and utilization of HIV healthcare services; however, the specific mediation effect of acculturation still unknown. A bias-corrected factor score path analysis was performed to examine the proposed model of relations among acculturation, stigma, stress, and patient-HCP relationships. A convenience sample of 69 HIV-positive Asian Americans in San Francisco, Los Angeles, and New York City were recruited and collect data were collected on demographics, HIV-related stigma, stress, and patient-HCP rela...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Intimate Partner Violence and Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Women in Sub-Saharan Africa
AbstractIntimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health issue that increases risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Data was obtained from women (n  = 32,409) who completed the Demographic Health Survey's (DHS) domestic violence module in 7 countries in sub-Saharan Africa between 2011 and 2015. DHS questions assessed lifetime physical, emotional and sexual IPV, cumulative exposure to IPV as well as the presence of a STI in the past 12 mont hs. Multivariate logistic regression examined the association between IPV and STIs adjusting for potentially influential covariates. Data were wei...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Denver Refugee Clinic Blood Lead Level Analysis in Refugee Females of Reproductive Age, 13 –45 years, 2014–2019
The objective was to determine if refugee females of reproductive age (FRA) are at risk of having elevated blood lead levels (BLL). A retrospective quality improvement project conducted at a Denver community health center (9/2014 –3/2019) evaluated BLLs from initial domestic medical examinations (DME) in 312 FRA refugees (13–45 years). Associations between elevated BLL and demographic factors were explored using multivariable regression analysis. Of 312 FRA refugees, BLLs ranged from 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Estimated Latent Tuberculosis Infection Prevalence and Tuberculosis Reactivation Rates Among Non-U.S.-Born Residents in the United States, from the 2011 –2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Abstract Increased testing and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) among US-residents who were born (or lived) in countries with high rates of TB can hasten progress toward TB elimination. We calculated LTBI prevalence using QuantiFERON ®-TB Gold In-Tube results from the 2011 to 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). LTBI prevalence was highest for persons born in India (31.7%, 95% confidence interval [21.2, 44.5]). Non-Hispanic white persons had the lowest LTBI prevalence (6.3% [1.9, 18.9]). TB reactivati on rate, defined as the number of TB cases not associated with recent tra...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relative Severity of Food Insecurity During Overland Migration in Transit Through Mexico
AbstractDespite anecdotal reports of food insufficiency in the overland migration through Mexico, little is known about the frequency and extent of food insecurity during this transit. In a shelter in north central Mexico, we interviewed 95 Central American migrants traveling overland to the US regarding their experiences of food insecurity in transit. 74% experienced some degree of food insecurity, ranging from having only one meal to no food at all in one or several consecutive 24  h periods. Factors associated with relatively more severe food insecurity included more days in active transit, more severe illness impa...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Emotional Distress and Self-Rated Health Among Middle-Aged and Older Chinese Americans with Type 2 Diabetes
This study examined contributions of diabetes distress (stress from diabetes self-management) and depressive symptoms to SRH among Chinese Americans with type 2 diabetes (T2DM).MethodsFor this cross-sectional study, a survey measuring diabetes distress, depressive symptoms, physical health, and demographics was administered to a convenience sample of 151 foreign-born community-dwelling Chinese Americans with T2DM.ResultsFifty-five percent of participants rated their health as good or very good. With demographic and physical health variables controlled, hierarchical logistic regression showed that people who reported more d...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health Service Utilization of International Immigrants in Yiwu, China: Implication for Health Policy
AbstractInternational immigrants ’ health is receiving increasing attention, reflecting the need for health systems to adapt to diverse migrant populations. To better inform health policies suited for the needs of international immigrants living in China, empirical evidence on the health service utilization of these international immigrants living in China is urgently needed. Our study included 5459 international immigrants including inpatients and outpatients, who were treated over a 4-year period (2015–2018) in one of the most frequented hospitals by international immigrants in Yiwu, Zhejiang province. Data (...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Willingness to Use Mental Health Services for Depression Among African Immigrants and White Canadian-Born People in the Province of Quebec, Canada
This study examined the willingness of African immigrants and White Canadian-born to seek care for depression from conventional mental health services.  African immigrants (N = 262) and White Canadian-born people (N = 250) living in Montreal, Canada, indicated their willingness to use mental health services under different conditions varying as a function of four factors: the severity of symptoms, the waiting time for first consultation, t he type of care offered in the mental health service, and whether informal sources of help were available.  Seven qualitatively different positions ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Immigrant Generation, Race, and Socioeconomic Outcomes of Mothers in Urban Cities: Who Fares Better?
This study compared first-, second-, and third-plus-generation immigrant mothers on seven socioeconomic outcomes. Data came from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. Our sample consisted of 4056 first-, second-, and third-plus-generation immigrant mothers living in U.S. urban cities. Logistic, ordinal logistic, and linear regression analyses were conducted to predict socioeconomic outcomes. Among immigrants of color, increased generation status was associated with worse socioeconomic outcomes. Among White immigrants, generation status was largely unassociated with socioeconomic outcomes. Results underscore the n...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Testing the Efficacy of an HIV Prevention Intervention Among Latina Immigrants Living in Farmworker Communities in South Florida
AbstractLatina immigrants living in farmworker communities are a population in need of HIV risk reduction interventions due to their high risk for HIV and their limited access to health care and prevention services. The present study is the first to evaluate the efficacy of SEPA intervention on a cohort of 234 pre-established Latina immigrants living in farmworker communities in South Florida. SEPA is a CDC evidenced-based and Latinx culturally tailored HIV risk reduction intervention. Data were collected through structured interviews at baseline and 6-months post intervention and were analyzed using generalized linear mix...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Perceived Trajectories of Past, Present, and Future Life Satisfaction of North Korean Defectors
This study compared perceived trajectories of life satisfaction (LS) between North Korean defectors ’ (NKDs’) and the general South Korean population and examined psychosocial factors associated with future LS. Data were obtained from 300 NKDs residing in South Korea and 5089 South Koreans using self-questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. LS values from 5 years ago (3.46 vs. 6.18) and at present (5.30 vs. 5.91) were lower in NKDs than the control group, but the inverse was true for expected LS score in 5 years (7.82 vs. 6.87). NKDs’ LS trajectory showed a more statistically positive trend t...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

“I Don’t Like Being Stereotyped, I Decided I Was Never Going Back to the Doctor”: Sexual Healthcare Access Among Young Latina Women in Alabama
Abstract Young Latina women (YLW) in the US and in Alabama are disproportionately affected by sexual health disparities. Our community based participatory research (CBPR) study ’s purpose was to examine YLW’s perceptions and experiences of sexual healthcare access (SHCA) toward developing community-driven, multilevel intervention strategies. We conducted 20 semi-structured qualitative interviews with YLW between 15 and 19 years old and who had been in the US for 5 or more years. We content-analyzed the data guided by the Socioecological Model of Sexual Health (SEMSH). We began analyses by coding independ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Hepatitis C Virus and Hispanic Criminal Justice Clients: A Missed Opportunity
AbstractTo compare the willingness for HCV testing, HCV-knowledge, socio economic status, and HCV related risky behavior among male and female Latino offenders. Participants (n  = 201) were recruited from the corrections system in Miami and interviewed. Backward stepwise logistic regression was conducted to compare gender-associated risk. Females (n = 81) were more likely to be engaged in risky sexual and drug behavior compared to males (n = 120). Overall, arou nd 70% of the study population were interested to be tested for HCV if offered with no gender difference (OR 1.4, 95% CI 0...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Women ’s Barriers to Specialty Substance Abuse Treatment: A Qualitative Exploration of Racial/Ethnic Differences
AbstractTo explore barriers to specialty substance abuse treatment programs among women with recent substance use disorders by race/ethnicity. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 28 women of White, Black, and Latino racial/ethnic descent who reported a substance use disorder in the past 5  years. Interviews were conducted by telephone and were audio-recorded. A codebook was developed using the Theory of Planned Behavior to code and identify barriers within the domains of attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived control toward specialty treatment. Frequencies for coded themes were then compared across all part...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial Disparities in Treatment Patterns and Survival Among Surgically Treated Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Patients
We examined treatment and survival in black and white surgical MPM patients using the National Cancer Database (NCDB). Among patients with pleurectomy/decortication (PD) or extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP), multivariable logistic regressions were used to evaluate racial differences in surgical extent, additional treatment, and 30-/90-day mortality. Multivariable and propensity matched models were used to assess differences in survival. We identified 2550 patients; 2462 white (96.5%), 88 black (3.5%). Black patients were significantly less likely to receive EPP (ORadj 0.36, 95% CI 0.17 –0.78) and trended towards worse...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Face-Saving and Depressive Symptoms Among U.S. Chinese Older Adults
The objective of this cross-sectional study is to examine (1) the relationship between face-saving and depressive symptoms among U.S. Chinese older adults; and (2) whether face-saving mediates the relationship between acculturation and depressive symptoms. Data were from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (N  = 3132), the largest epidemiologic study of Chinese older adults in Western countries. The relationship between face-saving and self-reported depressive symptoms was investigated by step-wise multivariable linear regression models. The Sobel test was used to test the mediating effect of f...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

“Holidays Come, Sundays Come. It is Very Sad to be Alone”: Transnational Practices and the Importance of Family for Mexican and Puerto Rican Latinxs Living with HIV in the Continental U.S.
We examined the transnational practices, family relationships, and realities of life of Mexicans and Puerto Ricans living with HIV in the continental U.S. We conducted qualitative interviews with 44 persons of Mexican and Puerto Rican origin participating in HIV care engagement interventions. Framework Analysis guided our data analysis. Among participants, a strong connection to the family was intertwined with transnational practices: communication, travel to their place of origin to maintain family ties, and material and/or emotional support. Separation from their family contributed to social isolation. Many participants ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Global Research Activity on Elder Abuse: A Bibliometric Analysis (1950 –2017)
AbstractElder abuse is an emerging worldwide public health, human right, and social priority for governments and health policy makers. The aim of the current study was to provide an in-depth quantitative analysis of literature on elder abuse published in academic journals. A bibliometric method was implemented using Scopus database for the study period from 1950 to 2017. The search strategy utilized specific keywords to retrieve relevant documents. One thousand eight hundred seventy-two documents appeared in Scopus when using the search strategy. The annual number of publications showed a fluctuating pattern in the past fo...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - June 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Use of Recreational Facilities and Physical Activity Among Low-Income Latino Adults
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to identify longitudinal correlates of low-income, urban, Latino adults ’ use of recreational facilities and engagement in physical activity (PA). This secondary data analysis is from a placed-based initiative; the parent study recruited a cohort of parents of kindergarteners from schools in intervention and control communities. Using a self-administered questionnaire , we collected baseline correlates and 1-year follow-up recreational facilities use and PA outcomes. We conducted ordinal logistic regression to assess correlates for recreational facilities use and PA outcomes. Our...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Benefits, Cost, and Activities of Patient Navigation (PN) Program for Colorectal Cancer Screening at the Charles B. Wang Community Health Center (CBWCHC)
AbstractTo evaluate the benefits of a PN program for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening at Charles B. Wang Community Health Center (CBWCHC) in New York City from June 2012 to May 2015, estimate the cost of implementation, and describe time allocation patterns of PN activities. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with key informants of the CBWCHC in 2015. The electronic PN database was used to evaluate the program ’s effectiveness. New York State Department of Health budgeting and cost data were used to estimate the implementation cost. Self-reported activities of PNs were used to analyze time allocation patterns...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - April 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research