Addressing Behavioral Health Disparities for Somali Immigrants Through Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Led by Community Health Workers
Abstract To test the feasibility and acceptability of implementing an evidence-based, peer-delivered mental health intervention for Somali women in Minnesota, and to assess the impact of the intervention on the mental health of those who received the training. In a feasibility study, 11 Somali female community health workers were trained to deliver an 8-session cognitive behavioral therapy intervention. Each of the trainers recruited 5 participants through community outreach, resulting in 55 participants in the intervention. Self-assessed measures of mood were collected from study participants throughout the i...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 31, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Suicidal Ideation and Mental Health of Bhutanese Refugees in the United States
Abstract Refugee agencies noticed a high number of suicides among Bhutanese refugees resettled in the United States between 2009 and 2012. We aimed to estimate prevalence of mental health conditions and identify factors associated with suicidal ideation among Bhutanese refugees. We conducted a stratified random cross-sectional survey and collected information on demographics, mental health conditions, suicidal ideation, and post-migration difficulties. Bivariate logistic regressions were performed to identify factors associated with suicidal ideation. Prevalence of mental health conditions were: depression (21&nbs...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 28, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Diabetes Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors Among Somali and Latino Immigrants
Abstract Persons from Somalia constitute the largest group of immigrants and refugees from Africa among whom diabetes-related health disparities are well documented. As one of the first steps toward developing a behavioral intervention to address diabetes among Somali immigrants and refugees, we administered a face to face interview-based survey to Somali and Latino adults with diabetes in a single community to assess diabetes knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. Respondents (N = 78) reported several barriers to optimal diabetes management for physical activity and glucose self-monitoring, as well...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 26, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Obstetric Outcomes of First- and Second-Generation Pakistani Immigrants: A Comparison Study at a Low-Risk Maternity Ward in Norway
Abstract This population-based study compares obstetric outcomes of first- and second-generation Pakistani immigrants and ethnic Norwegians who gave birth at the low-risk maternity ward in Baerum Hospital in Norway from 2006 to 2013. We hypothesized that second-generation Pakistani immigrants are more similar to the ethnic Norwegians because of increased acculturation. Outcome measures were labor onset, epidural analgesia, labor dystocia, episiotomy, vaginal/operative delivery, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm birth, birth weight, transfer to a neonatal intensive care unit, and neonatal jaundice. Compared to first-g...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 26, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Breast Cancer and Mammography Screening: Knowledge, Beliefs and Predictors for Asian Immigrant Women Attending a Specialized Clinic in British Columbia, Canada
This study evaluated the rate, and predictors, of MMG amongst women attending the AWHC. Women (N = 98) attending the AWHC completed a questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression evaluated rate and predictors of MMG. Most participants (87 %, n = 85) reported having had a mammogram. Significant MMG predictors were: lower perceived MMG barriers [lifetime: OR (CI) 1.19 (1.01–1.49); past 2 years: OR (CI) 1.11 (1.01–1.25)], and knowing someone with breast cancer [past year: OR (CI) 3.42 (1.25–9.85); past 2 years: OR (CI) 4.91 (1.32–2.13)]....
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 26, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Immigrants’ Pathways to Outpatient Mental Health: Are there Differences with the Native Population?
Abstract A poor use of mental health services has been described in immigrants. We compared the sociodemographic, clinical and treatment features of immigrants and natives attending a Community Mental Health Centre (CMHC). 191 immigrants and 191 randomly selected natives applying to the Borgomanero CMHC between 1 January 2003 and 31 August 2013 were compared. Our sample consisted mainly of the so-called “economic” immigrant. Adjustment disorders and reaction to stress were the most frequent diagnoses; in most cases symptoms onset occurred after migration. Although treatment features overlapped in the t...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 24, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Defining Ethnic Enclave and Its Associations with Self-Reported Health Outcomes Among Asian American Adults in New York City
Abstract Evidence on ethnic enclave-health associations for Asian Americans is limited due to an inconsistent definition of ethnic enclave. The authors aimed to establish a robust criterion for defining Asian enclaves in New York City (NYC) and assessed the association between enclave residence and health outcomes among Asian American adults. Data came from 2009–2012 NYC Community Health Surveys and 2008–2012 American Community Survey. Asian enclave was defined as an area with high dissimilarity and isolation scores as well as high concentration of Asians. Five of 55 NYC community districts were identi...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 23, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Food Insecurity and Food Resource Utilization in an Urban Immigrant Community
Abstract Risk and prevalence of food insecurity and use of food security resources are important but incompletely understood factors in immigrant health. Key informant interviews and a survey (N = 809) of housing units were conducted in a San Diego, California neighborhood with a high proportion of immigrant and low income families. The difference in food insecurity between immigrant and non-immigrant households was non-significant (20.1 vs. 15.7 %, p = n.s.), though immigrant families were more likely to use food security resources such as SNAP (32.7 vs. 22.9 %, p 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 21, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Prevalence of Chronic Disease and Their Risk Factors Among Iranian, Ukrainian, Vietnamese Refugees in California, 2002–2011
Abstract Little is known about how the health status of incoming refugees to the United States compares to that of the general population. We used logistic regression to assess whether country of origin is associated with prevalence of hypertension, obesity, type-II diabetes, and tobacco-use among Iranian, Ukrainian and Vietnamese refugees arriving in California from 2002 to 2011 (N = 21,968). We then compared the prevalence among refugees to that of the Californian general population (CGP). Ukrainian origin was positively associated with obesity and negatively with smoking, while the opposite was true f...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 21, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence Among South Asian Women Living in Southern Ontario
This study aimed to assess the prevalence of IPV in the past year among South Asian women living in Southern Ontario. We conducted a survey of South Asian women living in Southern Ontario. All adult self-identified South Asian women attending a cultural event celebrating South Asian women who could understand English or Punjabi were eligible to participate. The survey contained three IPV prevalence questions adapted from the Woman Abuse Screening Tool. A total of 188 women (45 % of potentially eligible women) participated. Nearly 1 in 5 women reported IPV within the past year (19.3 %, 95 % CI 13.9–26.1...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Intimate Partner Violence and Its Associated Factors in a Sample of Colombian Immigrant Population in Spain
This study aims at characterising IPV among Colombian immigrants, and to identify its associated factors. Cross-sectional study on 336 Colombian immigrants (46 % women), aged 15–70 years, living in Spain. Self-reported questionnaire information on IPV suffered throughout the last year was collected face-to-face. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with IPV. Almost 30 % of participants reported IPV, without differences by gender (p = 0.339). Partner’s alcohol consumption was associated with a higher frequency of being victim of IPV in both sexes. In ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Conceptualizing the Pathways and Processes Between Language Barriers and Health Disparities: Review, Synthesis, and Extension
Abstract While many may view language barriers in healthcare settings (LBHS) as a simple, practical problem, they present unique challenges to theoretical development and practice implications in healthcare delivery, especially when one considers the implications and impacts of specific contextual factors. By exploring the differences of contextual factors in the US and Japan, this review explores and highlights how such differences may entail different impacts on patients’ quality of care and require different solutions. I conduct narrative review through library database, Google Scholar, and CiNii (a Japan...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Diabetes Cultural Beliefs and Traditional Medicine Use Among Health Center Patients in Oaxaca, Mexico
This study examined diabetes cultural beliefs and traditional medicine use among a sample of 158 adults with and without diabetes in Oaxaca, Mexico. Individuals with and without diabetes did not differ in their traditional culture beliefs regarding diabetes in this study. Younger age (OR = 1.04) and stronger beliefs in punitive and mystical retribution (OR = 5.42) regarding diabetes causality increased the likelihood of using traditional medicine (p 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Screening for Depression in Latino Immigrants: A Systematic Review of Depression Screening Instruments Translated into Spanish
Abstract The research on the diagnostic accuracy of Spanish language depression-screening instruments continues to be scarce in the US. Under-detection of depression by Primary Care Providers is approximately 50 % in the general population and this rate may be even higher for Latino immigrants for whom the depression rate tends to be higher than for non-Hispanic Whites. This systematic review shows that there is still limited evidence that guides primary care-based depression screening for Spanish speakers. The economic, social, and human costs of depression are high and complex; yet improvements in the effec...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Relationship Between Eating Behavior and Dietary Intake in Rural Mexican-American Mothers
Abstract We used Spearman’s rho correlations and descriptive statistics (α = 0.05) to explore relationships between maternal eating behaviors (disinhibition, cognitive restraint, and susceptibility to hunger) and frequency of consumption of specific food groups (dairy, fruits, vegetables, meats) in a rural Mexican-American population. Analyses were based on the mothers’ responses to the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire and Willett’s Food Frequency Questionnaire. Cognitive restraint was associated with greater frequency of consumption of vegetables, whereas disinhibition was assoc...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

School-Based Mental Health Services for Newly Arriving Immigrant Adolescents
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

“He Beat You in the Blood”: Knowledge and Beliefs About the Transmission of Traits Among Latinos from Mexico and Central America
Abstract Genomic literacy is becoming increasingly important. Knowledge about how Latinos from Mexico and Central America (MCA) think and speak about how traits are shared by family members is needed. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 16 MCA Latino men and women. Interviews elicited detailed information about participant beliefs and knowledge about intergenerational trait transmission, genes and genetics. Transcripts were systematically analyzed. Most participants had familiarity with the role of genes. Knowledge about gene function was limited. Participants used “blood talk” to d...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - December 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

“It is an Issue of not Knowing Where to Go”: Service Providers’ Perspectives on Challenges in Accessing Social Support and Services by Immigrant Mothers of Children with Disabilities
Abstract In Canada little is known about the challenges immigrant mothers of children with disabilities encounter in accessing formal and informal social support. This paper presents the perspectives of service providers on the mothers’ challenges. Data was collected from 27 service providers in Toronto, Canada in 2012 through in-depth interviews. The interview guide was informed by published literature on families of children with special needs. Level one analyses entailed descriptive analyses; and level two consisted of applying House’s 4 domains of social support to organize the themes. Following H...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 10, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

“They Talk Like That, But We Keep Working”: Sexual Harassment and Sexual Assault Experiences Among Mexican Indigenous Farmworker Women in Oregon
Abstract In order to examine the experiences of sexual harassment and sexual assault among indigenous and non-indigenous Mexican immigrant farmworkers in Oregon’s Willamette Valley, a community–academic participatory research partnership initiated a study, which included focus groups, conducted and analyzed by skilled practitioners and researchers. The themes that emerged from the focus groups included direct and indirect effects of sexual harassment and sexual assault on women and risk factors associated with the farmworker workplace environment, and the increased vulnerability of non-Spanish-speakin...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 10, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Shame and Anxiety Feelings of a Roma Population in Greece
Abstract Shame is a crucial issue for Roma. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the severity of shame and anxiety feelings in a Roma population living in Greece and assess the differentiation of these feelings between Roma men and women. A quota sample of 194 Roma adult men and women living in Southern Greece was retrieved. The Experiences of Shame Scale (ESS), the Other As Shamer Scale (OAS) and the Spielberg’s State/Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaires were used. Women scored statistically significantly higher than men on ESS, whereas men scored higher on OAS scale (52.27 &p...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 3, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Are Recent Immigrants Larger than Earlier Ones at Their Arrival? Cohort Variation in Initial BMI among US Immigrants, 1989–2011
This study tests the hypothesis about variation in initial BMI among immigrants who have come to the US during different time periods. Using 1989–2011 data from NHIS, we found that recent immigrants in general were larger at their time of arrival than the earlier ones. However, we also observed variations in initial BMI across racial and ethnic origin groups. For example, we found the trends for Hispanic and Asian immigrants to have increased during the study period. The average initial BMI for recent Hispanic immigrant cohorts surpassed the upper limit for normal weight. While earlier cohorts of Asian immigrants had...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 3, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Depressive Mood Among Within-Country Migrants in Periurban Shantytowns of Lima, Peru
Abstract In low- and middle-income countries, migration to urban settings has reshaped the sprawl and socio demographic profiles of major cities. Depressive episodes make up a large portion of the burden of disease worldwide and are related to socio-demographic disruptions. As a result of terrorism, political upheaval, followed by economic development, Peru has undergone major demographic transitions over the previous three decades including large migrations within the country. We aimed to determine the prevalence of current depressive mood and its relationship with parameters of internal migration, i.e. region o...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 3, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Association of Afro-Caribbean Immigrants’ Feelings of Disconnection from the Community with the Metabolic Syndrome
The objective of this study was to determine if psychosocial stress associated with feelings of disconnection from the community is associated with the metabolic syndrome (Met-S) among Afro-Caribbean immigrants. The frequency of the Met-S, based on International Diabetes Federation criteria, was determined for a population-based sample of 406 English-speaking Afro-Caribbean immigrants ages twenty and older in the Virgin Islands of the United States (USVI). Feelings of disconnection were assess with Roger’s Life Attitude Inventory. Logistic regression analyses showed that a high level of disconnection was significantl...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 3, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence in a Migrant Farmworker Community in Baja California, México
This study examined the prevalence of four leading risk factors associated with IPV (alcohol consumption, education, socioeconomic status (SES), and gender roles) in adult women (n = 68) in a migrant farmworker community in México. Alcohol consumption among women was higher than the national average, and partner consumption was lower. Education level and SES were low, and women identified with a feminist ideology more than a traditional gender role. Results also revealed that 86.4 % (n = 57) of participants identified violence against women as a common problem in the community, and the major...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 3, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Understanding Service Utilization Disparities and Depression in Latinos: The Role of Fatalismo
Abstract Research demonstrates a disparity between need and utilization of mental health services for Latinos. Cultural variations in perceptions of mental illness may be partially responsible for this discrepancy. Past research with Latinos has shown links between fatalismo, a cultural value similar to external locus of control, and both depression and lower service utilization in medical care, while links to psychiatric care have not been investigated. The current study therefore aimed to explore the associations between fatalismo, depression, and past year mental health service utilization by Latinos. A commun...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 3, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Association of Race, Ethnicity and Language with Participation in Mental Health Research Among Adult Patients in Primary Care
Abstract Racial and ethnic minorities remain underrepresented in clinical psychiatric research, but the reasons are not fully understood and may vary widely between minority groups. We used the Z-test of independent proportions and binary logistic regression to examine the relationship between race, ethnicity or primary language and participation in screening as well as interest in further research participation among primary care patients being screened for a depression study. Minorities were less likely than non-Hispanic Whites to complete the initial screening survey. Latinos and Blacks were more likely to agr...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 3, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Common Mental Disorders at the Time of Deportation: A Survey at the Mexico–United States Border
Abstract Deportations from the Unites States (US) to Mexico increased substantially during the last decade. Considering deportation as a stressful event with potential consequences on mental health, we aimed to (1) estimate the prevalence of common mental disorders (CMD) among deported migrants; and (2) explore the association between migratory experience, social support and psychological variables, and CMD in this group. In repatriation points along the border, a probability sample of deportees responded to the Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ). The prevalence of CMD was 16.0 % (95 % CI 12.3, 20.6). T...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 3, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Migration Patterns and Characteristics of Sexual Partners Associated with Unprotected Sexual Intercourse Among Hispanic Immigrant and Migrant Women in the United States
We report factors independently associated with unprotected anal and vaginal sex in the past 12 months among Hispanic immigrant and migrant women. Greater work-related mobility was associated with unprotected anal sex, while recency of immigration and prior refusal of HIV testing were associated with women’s reports of unprotected vaginal sex. Prior sex with an injection drug user was associated with reports of both unprotected anal and vaginal sex. Findings highlight the need for HIV/STD risk reduction interventions designed specifically for Hispanic immigrant and migrant women. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 3, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Mental Health and Its Associated Variables Among International Students at a Japanese University: With Special Reference to Their Financial Status
Abstract We attempted to identify the risk factors that may affect mental health status of the international students and we conducted the survey using a self-administered questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. The students were divided into two groups; (1) those who received scholarships and (2) those who didn’t since we thought the division represented practical patterns of their financial status. The associations of socio-demographic characteristics with depressive symptoms were examined. Of the 726 students, 480 (66.1 %) re...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - November 3, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Immunization Coverage in Migrant School Children Along the Thailand-Myanmar Border
The objective of this project was to document and increase vaccine coverage in migrant school children on the Thailand-Myanmar border. Migrant school children (n = 12,277) were enrolled in a school-based immunization program in four Thai border districts. The children were evaluated for vaccination completion and timing, for six different vaccines: Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG); Oral Polio vaccine (OPV); Hepatitis B vaccine (HepB); Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus vaccine (DTP); Measles Containing Vaccine or Measles, Mumps and Rubella vaccine (MMR); Tetanus and Diphtheria containing vaccine (Td). Vaccine coverag...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 19, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

South Asian Immigrant Men and Women and Conceptions of Partner Violence
Abstract Limited knowledge exists about conceptual variations in defining intimate partner violence (IPV) by ethnicity, such as South Asian (SA) immigrant men and women. In a multi-ethnic study, we employed participatory concept mapping with three phases: brainstorming on what constitutes IPV; sorting of the brainstormed items; and interpretation of visual concept maps generated statistically. The parent study generated an overall general multi-ethnic map (GMEM) that included participant interpretations. In the current study, we generated a SA specific initial-map that was interpreted by eleven SA men and women in...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

A Health Profile of Arab Americans in Michigan: A Novel Approach to Using a Hospital Administrative Database
This study supports previous findings that health disparities exist for Arab Americans, who are classified as “white” in health statistics. Standard inclusion of Arab American as a separate ethnicity category will aid researchers in assessing the health care needs of this growing minority community. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Psychological Stress of Hispanics Living on the Border
Abstract This paper examines before and after perceived stress scores (PSS) of Hispanic women participating in a brief community health promotion program. Scores declined dramatically and significantly after the intervention, approximating those of Hispanics nationally. Post PSS were significantly correlated with language preference (Spanish), educational level, employment, having gone to jail or been in detention, and income. In the regression model, language preference and income were significant. We suggest emotional fear at the onset of participation in the program may exert an influence on pre-PSS scores, and...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

South Asian Immigrant Men and Women and Conceptions of Partner Violence
Abstract Limited knowledge exists about conceptual variations in defining intimate partner violence (IPV) by ethnicity, such as South Asian (SA) immigrant men and women. In a multi-ethnic study, we employed participatory concept mapping with three phases: brainstorming on what constitutes IPV; sorting of the brainstormed items; and interpretation of visual concept maps generated statistically. The parent study generated an overall general multi-ethnic map (GMEM) that included participant interpretations. In the current study, we generated a SA specific initial-map that was interpreted by eleven SA men and women in...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

A Health Profile of Arab Americans in Michigan: A Novel Approach to Using a Hospital Administrative Database
This study supports previous findings that health disparities exist for Arab Americans, who are classified as “white” in health statistics. Standard inclusion of Arab American as a separate ethnicity category will aid researchers in assessing the health care needs of this growing minority community. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Psychological Stress of Hispanics Living on the Border
Abstract This paper examines before and after perceived stress scores (PSS) of Hispanic women participating in a brief community health promotion program. Scores declined dramatically and significantly after the intervention, approximating those of Hispanics nationally. Post PSS were significantly correlated with language preference (Spanish), educational level, employment, having gone to jail or been in detention, and income. In the regression model, language preference and income were significant. We suggest emotional fear at the onset of participation in the program may exert an influence on pre-PSS scores, and...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Behavioral HIV Prevention Interventions Among Latinas in the US: A Systematic Review of the Evidence
This study identified several gaps in the intervention literature that need to be addressed. In addition to including more direct measures of decreased HIV risk (ex. condom use), more systematic use of strategies meant to address gender and cultural factors that may place Latinas at increased risk (e.g., gender inequity, traditional gender role norms such as machismo and marianismo, and relationship power dynamics). (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Mobile and Traditional Modes of Communication Among Male Latino Farmworkers: Implications for Health Communication and Dissemination
Abstract This analysis describes (1) cell phone and smartphone ownership, (2) continuity of phone numbers, (3) use of specific technologies while inside and outside the U.S., and (4) perceived adequacy of specific formats to receive health research results among Latino farmworkers. Telecommunications questionnaires were administered to 165 and 102 farmworkers in North Carolina in 2012 and 2013, respectively. Univariate and bivariate analyses were completed. Increasing numbers of Latino farmworkers own cell phones and smartphones. Talk and text functions are used frequently. Relatively few farmworkers maintain cons...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 13, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

From the Horse Worker’s Mouth: A Detailed Account of Injuries Experienced by Latino Horse Workers
This study assesses Latino horse workers’ injury prevalence, describes their injuries, and analyzes differences between injuries receiving medical versus those receiving first aid care. Data were gathered from 225 Latino thoroughbred workers via a community-based purposive sampling strategy. Questions included injury experiences in the past year and details about each person’s two most severe injuries. Univariate and bivariate analyses were conducted. Nearly half of workers experienced an injury in the past year, often involving a horse. Bruises and sprains/strains were most common, as were injuries to upper/lo...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Chronic Health Conditions, Physical Activity and Dietary Behaviors of Bhutanese Refugees: A Houston-Based Needs Assessment
Abstract Bhutanese refugees resettling in the U.S. face many challenges including several related to health and health care. Limited health literacy and the relatively complicated US health care system may contribute to health disparities as well. A health assessment was conducted on adult refugees in Houston, Texas to provide healthcare providers, community organizations, and stakeholders baseline data to plan programs and interventions. A convenience sample of 100 participants had a mean age of 38.37 years, 56 % where males, and almost 80 % did not have high school level education. High blood pres...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Differential Patterns of Healthcare Service Use Among Chinese and Korean Immigrant Elders
This study employed the Andersen–Newman healthcare service utilization model to examine unique correlates of healthcare service use among Chinese and Korean immigrant elders. Between 2005 and 2007, we used a snowball sampling method to collect data from Chinese (n = 116) and Korean (n = 101) immigrant elders living in Arizona. We then performed two negative binomial regressions based on ethnic background to identify factors associated with the number of annual physician visits. The results indicated that the number of medical conditions they experienced was positively associated with an increased ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

From the Horse Worker’s Mouth: A Detailed Account of Injuries Experienced by Latino Horse Workers
This study assesses Latino horse workers’ injury prevalence, describes their injuries, and analyzes differences between injuries receiving medical versus those receiving first aid care. Data were gathered from 225 Latino thoroughbred workers via a community-based purposive sampling strategy. Questions included injury experiences in the past year and details about each person’s two most severe injuries. Univariate and bivariate analyses were conducted. Nearly half of workers experienced an injury in the past year, often involving a horse. Bruises and sprains/strains were most common, as were injuries to upper/lo...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Chronic Health Conditions, Physical Activity and Dietary Behaviors of Bhutanese Refugees: A Houston-Based Needs Assessment
Abstract Bhutanese refugees resettling in the U.S. face many challenges including several related to health and health care. Limited health literacy and the relatively complicated US health care system may contribute to health disparities as well. A health assessment was conducted on adult refugees in Houston, Texas to provide healthcare providers, community organizations, and stakeholders baseline data to plan programs and interventions. A convenience sample of 100 participants had a mean age of 38.37 years, 56 % where males, and almost 80 % did not have high school level education. High blood pres...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Differential Patterns of Healthcare Service Use Among Chinese and Korean Immigrant Elders
This study employed the Andersen–Newman healthcare service utilization model to examine unique correlates of healthcare service use among Chinese and Korean immigrant elders. Between 2005 and 2007, we used a snowball sampling method to collect data from Chinese (n = 116) and Korean (n = 101) immigrant elders living in Arizona. We then performed two negative binomial regressions based on ethnic background to identify factors associated with the number of annual physician visits. The results indicated that the number of medical conditions they experienced was positively associated with an increased ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Associated with Differences in Sexual Risk-Taking Behaviors Among Migrants in South Korea
Abstract We investigated influential factors on differences in sexual risk-taking among homosexual migrants. The data used in this paper are based on the survey and medical examination for migrants’ sexual behaviors that was carried out by the Korea Federation for HIV/AIDS Prevention in 2011–2013 on participants living in South Korea. Among 1141 migrants, homosexuals were 0.54 times less likely to use condom than heterosexuals. Homosexuals were 2.93 times more likely to be infected with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) than heterosexuals. Among 250 homosexual migrants, those who preferred risky sex...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Association Between Recency of Immigration and Mammography Uptake: Results from a Canadian National Survey
Abstract Despite the strong evidence for screening mammography in reducing mortality from breast cancer, uptake is hampered especially in recent immigrant populations. Although mammography screening behaviors of immigrant populations compared to the general population have been widely studied, evidence of the specific characteristics within the immigrant population in a universal healthcare setting, which explain differential uptake is lacking. The current cross sectional study used self-reported data from the 2011–2012 Canadian Community Health Survey to examine the association between recency of immigratio...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 10, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research