Major Depressive Disorder and Dysthymia at the Intersection of Nativity and Racial–Ethnic Origins
This study examined the rates of prevalent, acquired, and persisting major depression and dysthymia by nativity and racial–ethnic origin while considering levels of acculturation, stress, and social ties. Data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions were used to model prevalence and 3-year incidence/persistence of major depression and dysthymia (DSM-IV diagnoses) using logistic regression. Substantive factors were assessed using standardized measures. The rates of major depression were lower for most immigrants, but differences were noted by race–ethnicity and outcome. Furthermo...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Attitudes and Beliefs of African Immigrant Mothers Living in the US Towards Providing Comprehensive Sex Education to Daughters Aged 12–17 Years: A Pilot Study
Abstract The literature currently contains no comprehensive sex education (CSE) interventions targeting the African immigrant population. African immigrant mothers have been inhibited by several factors from providing their daughters with CSE. The primary aim of this study was to identify attitudes and beliefs of Sub-Saharan immigrant mothers living in the United States towards providing comprehensive sex education to their daughters aged 12–17 years. The study utilized a one-time anonymous nine-question survey. Fifteen women who met the inclusion criteria completed the study survey online or via paper ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Major Depressive Disorder and Dysthymia at the Intersection of Nativity and Racial–Ethnic Origins
This study examined the rates of prevalent, acquired, and persisting major depression and dysthymia by nativity and racial–ethnic origin while considering levels of acculturation, stress, and social ties. Data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions were used to model prevalence and 3-year incidence/persistence of major depression and dysthymia (DSM-IV diagnoses) using logistic regression. Substantive factors were assessed using standardized measures. The rates of major depression were lower for most immigrants, but differences were noted by race–ethnicity and outcome. Furthermo...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Attitudes and Beliefs of African Immigrant Mothers Living in the US Towards Providing Comprehensive Sex Education to Daughters Aged 12–17 Years: A Pilot Study
Abstract The literature currently contains no comprehensive sex education (CSE) interventions targeting the African immigrant population. African immigrant mothers have been inhibited by several factors from providing their daughters with CSE. The primary aim of this study was to identify attitudes and beliefs of Sub-Saharan immigrant mothers living in the United States towards providing comprehensive sex education to their daughters aged 12–17 years. The study utilized a one-time anonymous nine-question survey. Fifteen women who met the inclusion criteria completed the study survey online or via paper ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Impact of Intimate Partner Forced Sex on HIV Risk Factors in Physically Abused African American and African Caribbean Women
We examined associations between intimate partner forced sex (IPFS) and HIV sexual risk behaviors among physically abused Black women. Women aged 18–55 in intimate relationships were interviewed in health clinics in Baltimore, MD and St. Thomas and St. Croix, US Virgin Islands (USVI). Of 426 physically abused women, 38 % experienced IPFS; (Baltimore = 44 and USVI = 116). USVI women experiencing IPFS were more likely to have 3+ past-year sex partners (AOR 2.06, 95 % CI 1.03–4.14), casual sex partners (AOR 2.71, 95 % CI 1.42–5.17), and concurrent sex partners (AOR 1.94, 95...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Immigrant-Native Disparities in Perceived and Actual Met/Unmet Need for Medical Care
This study compares the unmet medical needs of foreign-born and U.S.-born adults. Both subjective and objective unmet medical needs are considered, and the roles of duration of U.S. residence, English language proficiency, and state-level destination type in explaining immigrants’ unmet need are assessed. Multivariate analyses of the 2007–2009 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey reveal that immigrants reported less subjective unmet need and equal or greater objective unmet need vis-à-vis natives. Among immigrants only, living less than 5 years in the U.S. and in a new or traditional, high-skill destina...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Predictors of Health Among Refugee Adults from Myanmar and the Development of Their Children
The objective of this study is to attempt to understand predictors of health among adult migrants from Myanmar to Thailand and predictors of development among their children. EQ5D5L scores and sociodemographic data were obtained among adult household members of children from two schools on the Thai/Myanmar border. Children were administered Ages and Stages questionnaires (ASQs). OLS and logistic regressions were used to examine predictors (e.g., witnessing gunfire) of various outcome measures (e.g., ASQ scores among children). In logistic regression analyses, maternal literacy proved to be a very strong predictor of the ch...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Coping with a New Health Culture: Acculturation and Online Health Information Seeking Among Chinese Immigrants in the United States
This study serves as a timely and imperative call for further consideration of the role that acculturation plays in determining how immigrants seek health information and utilize the healthcare services of their host society. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Disparities in Access to Prenatal Care Services for African Immigrant Women in Spain
Abstract This retrospective cohort study compares the utilization of prenatal care between African immigrant and native Spanish women. For 2007–2010, we identified 231 pregnant African immigrant women. The native-born population sample was obtained by simple random sampling in a 1:3 ratio. The Kessner Index (KI) and our Own Index (OI) were applied to rate prenatal care adequacy in three categories (adequate, intermediate, and inadequate). Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated using non-conditional logistic regression. Prenatal care was adequate according to the indexes (KI or OI) in 21.3 and 25.8 % of N...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Stress, Place, and Allostatic Load Among Mexican Immigrant Farmworkers in Oregon
Abstract Cumulative exposure to chronic stressors has been shown to contribute to immigrants’ deteriorating health with more time in US residence. Few studies, however, have examined links among common psychosocial stressors for immigrants (e.g., acculturation-related) and contexts of immigrant settlement for physical health. The study investigated relationships among social stressors, stress buffers (e.g., family support), and allostatic load (AL)—a summary measure of physiological “wear and tear”—among 126 adult Mexican immigrant farm workers. Analyses examined social contributors ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Erratum to: Social Determinants of Physical Activity Among Adult Asian-Americans: Results from a Population-Based Survey in California
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Patient Activation is Inconsistently Associated with Positive Health Behaviors Among Obese Safety Net Patients
Abstract We examine the association of patient activation and physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption among obese safety net patients. Adult obese patients (n = 198) of three safety net clinics completed a survey assessing patient activation, physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, care experiences, and health status. Multivariate logistic regression models incrementally assessed the adjusted relation of patient activation and physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption. In adjusted analyses, higher activated patients had higher odds [Odds ratio (OR) 1.58, p 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Perspectives of Six Latino Heritage Groups About Their Health Care
This article, based mainly on a national telephone survey of 1,478 Latino adults, examines the perspectives of six Latino heritage groups on the health care issues they face. The six groups differ in their reported health care experiences in: the types facilities they use in getting medical care, their ratings of the quality of care they receive, their experiences with discrimination in getting quality care, the level of confidence they have in being able to pay for a major illness. One thing the heritage groups agree on is that diabetes is the biggest health problem facing their families. Community health leaders, particu...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Health Care Access Among Asian American Subgroups: The Role of Residential Segregation
We examined differences in yearly medical checkups between Asian subgroups as well as among foreign-born and US-born Asians. Results showed that immigrant Filipinos and Vietnamese were less likely to get a checkup compared with foreign-born Chinese. The effect of Asian subgroup was modified by the percentage of Asians in a census tract (p 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Impact of Healthcare Access on Knowledge and Willingness for HIV Testing in Chinese Female Entertainment Workers
Abstract Chinese female entertainment workers are at high risk for HIV. We assessed the impact of healthcare access on HIV knowledge, condom use, and their willingness to receive HIV testing. We surveyed 257 entertainment workers in a cross-sectional study. Demographic, knowledge, and behavioral risk factors were examined. Of 257 women, 107 (42.1 %) reported inconsistent condom use. Only 9 % had prior HIV testing. Their HIV knowledge was generally poor. Having access to healthcare, being able to obtain condoms, and managers providing health information were associated with consistent condom use (all P 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Ethnic Identity and Sexual Initiation Among East Asian Youth in Canada
We examined the relationship between ethnic identity and sexual initiation among East Asians. This secondary analysis of a population-based survey selected 4,311 students in 7–12th grades who described themselves as East Asian (e.g., Chinese, Japanese, Korean). Gender-stratified logistic regression analyses examined whether ethnic identity was associated with sexual initiation, controlling for age, living situation, and cultural exposure. Boys with stronger commitment to their ethnic groups were less likely to have ever had sexual intercourse (aOR 0.80). Girls with higher levels of ethnic identity exploration were le...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Trends and Disparities in Mortality Among Spanish-Born and Foreign-Born Populations Residing in Spain, 1999–2008
Abstract Spain’s immigrant population has increased 380 % in the last decade, accounting for 13.1 % of the total population. This fact has led her to become during 2009 the eighth recipient country of international immigrants in the world. The aim of this article is to describe the evolution of mortality and the main causes of death among the Spanish-born and foreign-born populations residing in Spain between 1999 and 2008. Age-standardised mortality rates (ASRs), average age and comparative mortality ratios among foreign-born and Spanish-born populations residing in Spain were computed for every ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Correlates of Leisure-Time Physical Activity Participation Among Latino Children and Adolescents with Acanthosis Nigricans
This study examined LTPA correlates among Latino youth identified with acanthosis nigricans (AN), a skin condition typically caused by metabolic impairment. Data were collected on 305 AN-positive Latino youth of ages 5–15 and one of their biological parents in 2012 from Texas. Ordinal logit regression was performed to analyze the data. Five health and behavioral LTPA correlates were identified, including child time spent in TV watching or videogame playing (OR of highest quartile vs. lowest quartile = 0.45; p = 0.01), child fair/poor health (OR 0.42; p = 0.01), parent obesity (OR 0.63; p...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Hepatitis B Screening in Asian and Pacific Islanders: New Guidelines, Old Barriers
Abstract Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious liver disease that disproportionately affects Asian and Pacific Islander immigrants. In May 2014, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force released new HBV screening guidelines that expanded screening to non-pregnant adolescents and adults who were born in Asia and the Pacific Islands, and U.S.-born persons not vaccinated as infants whose parents were born in Central or Southeast Asia. Although the guidelines empower health care providers and community health workers to expand their screening efforts, old barriers to screening remain deeply rooted in ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Persistent Desquamation of the Scalp as a Manifestation of Tinea Capitis in Sub-Saharan Children
In conclusion, chronic scaling of the scalp may well be the sole form of presentation of tinea capitis in Sub-Saharan children. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Nativity, US Length of Residence, and BMI Among Diverse Asian American Ethnic Groups
Abstract Little is known about body mass index (BMI) patterns by nativity and length of US residence among Asian American ethnic groups. We used linear regression to examine the association of BMI with nativity and length of residence across six ethnic groups (Filipinos, Japanese, Chinese, Koreans, South Asians, and Vietnamese) using data from the California Health Interview Study. There was significant heterogeneity in the nativity/length of residence patterns in unadjusted BMI across ethnic groups (p 
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Impact of Intimate Partner Forced Sex on HIV Risk Factors in Physically Abused African American and African Caribbean Women
We examined associations between intimate partner forced sex (IPFS) and HIV sexual risk behaviors among physically abused Black women. Women aged 18–55 in intimate relationships were interviewed in health clinics in Baltimore, MD and St. Thomas and St. Croix, US Virgin Islands (USVI). Of 426 physically abused women, 38 % experienced IPFS; (Baltimore = 44 and USVI = 116). USVI women experiencing IPFS were more likely to have 3+ past-year sex partners (AOR 2.06, 95 % CI 1.03–4.14), casual sex partners (AOR 2.71, 95 % CI 1.42–5.17), and concurrent sex partners (AOR 1.94, 95...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Immigrant-Native Disparities in Perceived and Actual Met/Unmet Need for Medical Care
This study compares the unmet medical needs of foreign-born and U.S.-born adults. Both subjective and objective unmet medical needs are considered, and the roles of duration of U.S. residence, English language proficiency, and state-level destination type in explaining immigrants’ unmet need are assessed. Multivariate analyses of the 2007–2009 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey reveal that immigrants reported less subjective unmet need and equal or greater objective unmet need vis-à-vis natives. Among immigrants only, living less than 5 years in the U.S. and in a new or traditional, high-skill destina...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Predictors of Health Among Refugee Adults from Myanmar and the Development of Their Children
The objective of this study is to attempt to understand predictors of health among adult migrants from Myanmar to Thailand and predictors of development among their children. EQ5D5L scores and sociodemographic data were obtained among adult household members of children from two schools on the Thai/Myanmar border. Children were administered Ages and Stages questionnaires (ASQs). OLS and logistic regressions were used to examine predictors (e.g., witnessing gunfire) of various outcome measures (e.g., ASQ scores among children). In logistic regression analyses, maternal literacy proved to be a very strong predictor of the ch...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Coping with a New Health Culture: Acculturation and Online Health Information Seeking Among Chinese Immigrants in the United States
This study serves as a timely and imperative call for further consideration of the role that acculturation plays in determining how immigrants seek health information and utilize the healthcare services of their host society. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Disparities in Access to Prenatal Care Services for African Immigrant Women in Spain
Abstract This retrospective cohort study compares the utilization of prenatal care between African immigrant and native Spanish women. For 2007–2010, we identified 231 pregnant African immigrant women. The native-born population sample was obtained by simple random sampling in a 1:3 ratio. The Kessner Index (KI) and our Own Index (OI) were applied to rate prenatal care adequacy in three categories (adequate, intermediate, and inadequate). Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated using non-conditional logistic regression. Prenatal care was adequate according to the indexes (KI or OI) in 21.3 and 25.8 % of N...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Physical Activity Among Asian American Adults in Houston, Texas: Data from the Health of Houston Survey 2010
This study used the 2010 Health of Houston Survey to examine the physical activity of Asian American adults living in Houston, Texas. Multivariate regression models were conducted to examine the number of moderate leisure physical activity days in the past week and likelihood of having sufficient levels of physical activity. The results showed that Asians were among the least physically active of the major racial/ethnic groups. Most notably, Asians were less likely than whites to have sufficient levels of physical activity and had similarly lower expected numbers of physical activity minutes and days. Within the Asian Amer...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Prenatal Maternal Stress and the Risk of Lifetime Wheeze in Young Offspring: An Examination by Stressor and Maternal Ethnicity
Abstract Prenatal psychosocial stressors may increase the risk of wheeze in young offspring, yet little attention has been given to the effects that maternal ethnicity may have on this relationship. From a population-based cohort of 1193 children, we assessed the effect of maternal prenatal stressors on the risk of lifetime wheeze in young offspring. We further studied whether maternal Latina ethnicity modified these associations. The risk of wheeze in the offspring was increased from high levels of pregnancy anxiety (aRR 1.40, 95 % CI 1.07, 1.83), negative life events (aRR 1.36, 95 % CI 1.06, 1.75), or ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Urinary Schistosomiasis in an Adolescent Refugee from Africa: An Uncommon Cause of Hematuria and an Emerging Infectious Disease in Europe
We report a case of urinary schistosomiasis in an adolescent refugee from Gambia (arrived to Italy illegally), who was brought to the Emergency Department of our hospital. The patient complained of gross hematuria and, in the absence of clinical evidence of bacterial urinary infection, was admitted to the pediatric ward, considering his provenience and social setting. An appropriate collection and microscopic analysis of urine samples led to the detection of bilharzia. Much attention should be paid to this emerging disease in Europe by physicians in order to recognize and treat it timely, which could prevent future and hig...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 3, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Coping Styles and Depression Among Undocumented Hispanic Immigrants
Abstract This cross-sectional study examined coping strategies and their relationship with depression among undocumented Hispanic immigrants. A community sample of 122 self-identified undocumented Hispanics filled out questionnaires measuring coping and depression. The authors categorized coping strategies as problem-focused, active-emotional, or avoidant-emotional. Findings indicated that coping through “prayer and meditation” (problem-focused), “get comfort from someone” (active-emotional), and “see bad things positively” (active-emotional) were more frequently used by undocum...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 2, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Pre-migration Trauma Exposure and Psychological Distress for Asian American Immigrants: Linking the Pre- and Post-migration Contexts
Abstract Drawing on the life course perspective and the assumptive world theory, this paper examines whether pre-migration trauma exposure is associated with psychological distress through post-migration perceived discrimination for Asian American immigrants. The study is based on cross-sectional data from the National Latino and Asian American Study (N = 1639). Structural equation model is used to estimate the relationship between pre-migration trauma, post-migration perceived discrimination, and psychological distress. Additional models are estimated to explore possible variations across ethnic groups ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 28, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Impact of the Boston Marathon Bombing and Its Aftermath on Refugees and Survivors of Torture
Abstract On April 15, 2013, Boston residents and guests gathered for the Boston Marathon. Two explosives at the finish line killed three people and injured hundreds of others. As part of our clinical encounters, patients of the Boston Center for Refugee Health & Human Rights were asked about the marathon bombing. We were concerned about the high level of armed security as many of our patients had been detained in their countries of origin. Eighty patients seen between April 16 and July 7, 2013 were asked about their experience of the Boston Marathon bombing and its aftermath. A retrospective chart review was u...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 20, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

A Path Analysis of Mental Health Among Thai Immigrant Employees in Pranakron Si Ayutthaya Province
Abstract The aims of this research were to study both direct and indirect path analyses of mental health, and to analyse a causal relationship of each variable. A cross-sectional study used stratified random sampling to select Thai immigrant employees in Pranakron Si Ayutthaya Province, Thailand. General data were analysed by number and percentage. The mental health variable was measured by THMHI-15. The latter was analysed by general statistic, and a path analysis. The results found that job conditions and distance travelled between house and workplace had a direct effect on mental health with a standardised regr...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 20, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Reliability and Validity of the Vietnamese Depression Interview (VDI)
Abstract Current instruments used to aid in the diagnosis of psychological disorders have limited effectiveness with clients from Asian backgrounds. The Vietnamese Depression Interview (VDI) is a diagnostic instrument created to assess the presence of current and lifetime history of major depressive disorder specifically among Vietnamese refugees and immigrants. The purpose of the present study is to provide a description of the VDI, while also noting it as a reliable and valid means by which to assess depression in Vietnamese individuals. Using the Longitudinal, Expert, and All Data (LEAD; Spitzer in Compr Psychi...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 20, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Reported Health Behaviour Changes after a Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus among Ethnic Minority Women Living in Canada
Abstract The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine differences in health behaviours among ethnic minority and Caucasian women after a diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Data were derived from medical charts and a questionnaire among a multi-ethnic cohort of 898 Canadian pregnant women diagnosed with GDM attending prenatal diabetes clinics in Ontario, Canada. Health behaviours were compared between ethnic minority and Caucasian women, adjusting for relevant covariates. The mean age was 33.9 ± 6.1 years; 60.0 % self-reported to be part of an ethnic minor...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 20, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Structural Characteristics of Migrant Farmworkers Reporting a Relationship with a Primary Care Physician
This study of migrant farmworkers examined the distribution and general characteristics associated with having access to healthcare. Access to healthcare was measured by asking whether the participants (N = 413) had a primary care physician. Majority of participants did not have a primary care physician. Female migrant workers (AOR = 2.823 CI: 1.575–4.103) with insurance (AOR = 6.183 CI: 4.956–11.937) who lived at study site for more than 5 years (AOR = 2.728 CI: 1.936–7.837) and born in the United States (AOR = 2.648 CI: 1.373–3.338) had greate...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Erratum to: Mental Health and Its Associated Variables Among International Students at a Japanese University: With Special Reference to Their Financial Status
(Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Acculturation and Self-Rated Mental Health Among Latino and Asian Immigrants in the United States: A Latent Class Analysis
This study assesses variations in acculturation experiences by identifying distinct acculturation classes, and investigates the role of these acculturation classes for self-rated mental health among Latino and Asian immigrants in the United States. Using 2002–2003 the National Latino and Asian American Study, Latent Class Analysis is used to capture variations in immigrant classes (recent arrivals, separated, bicultural and assimilated), and OLS regressions are used to assess the link between acculturation classes and self-rated mental health. For both Latinos and Asians, bicultural immigrants reported the best menta...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 7, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

HIV Risk Behaviors Among Latina Women Tested for HIV in Florida by Country of Birth, 2012
Abstract Latina women in the United States (US) are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Data are limited on the risk differences in HIV among Latinas by country of birth. This paper describes the risk behaviors among Latina women tested for HIV at public sites in Florida. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the demographic characteristics associated with the report of specific risk behaviors. Results indicate that foreign-born Latina women were 54 % less likely to report partner risk [95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.40, 0.54] than US-born Latina wo...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 7, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Culture and Dehydration: A Comparative Study of Caída de la Mollera (Fallen Fontanel) in Three Latino Populations
This report describes a study of lay descriptions of causes, symptoms, and treatments for caída de la mollera in three diverse Latin American populations. A mixed-methods approach was used. Representative community-based samples were interviewed in rural Guatemala, Guadalajara, Mexico, and Edinburgh, Texas, with a 132 item questionnaire on the causes, susceptibility, symptoms, and therapies for caída de la mollera. Cultural consensus analysis was used to estimate community beliefs about caída. Interviews conducted in rural Guatemala (n = 60), urban Mexico (n = 62), and rural Texas o...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - August 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Intention to Breastfeed as a Predictor of Initiation of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Hispanic Women
Abstract Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is the most efficacious form of infant feeding and nutrition. Hispanic mothers in the US are more likely than mothers of other racial/ethnic groups to supplement with formula in the first 2 days of life. The purpose of this study was to explore infant feeding intentions during the prenatal period as a predictor of EBF at postpartum discharge in a sample of Hispanic women (n = 99). At discharge, 51 % of the women were EBF, 44 % were breastfeeding and supplementing with formula, and 5 % were feeding only formula. Intention to breastfeed was found ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Recognition of Risk Factors for Postpartum Depression in Refugee and Immigrant Women: Are Current Screening Practices Adequate?
Abstract Currently little is known of postpartum depression (PPD) screening and referral for refugee and immigrant women in Northern New England where the foreign born population has been rapidly expanding in the past decade. Research on PPD has focused largely on the general population leaving a large gap in our understanding of PPD in this vulnerable group. A retrospective chart review was conducted from a tertiary medical center with 1,160 births per year. Total sample n = 126, 28 % scored at risk for PPD. 39 % of women at risk had follow up documented as a phone call alone, however 43 ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Perceived Level of Relationship Commitment, Sexual Risk Taking and Condom Use Among American Indian Men
This study investigated commitment, sexual risk taking behavior and condom use among heterosexual men. The sample was 120 American Indian men ages 18–24 on the Fort Peck Reservation. Measures included sexual risk taking behaviors, attitude towards the relationship, discordance in perception of attitudes toward the relationship, and condom use. Inconsistent condom users comprised 57 % of the sample. Men with more than one sexual partner as well as men who reported inconsistent condom use reported less favorable attitudes toward their relationship. Discordant attitudes were observed in men who reported that their ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Friends, Depressive Symptoms, and Life Satisfaction Among Older Korean Americans
This study examined the interactive effects of social network support and depressive symptoms on life satisfaction among older Korean Americans (KAs). Using data from a sample of 200 elders in a large metropolitan area (M age = 72.50, SD = 5.15), hierarchical regression analysis was used to examine the interaction between social network support and depressive symptoms on life satisfaction among older KAs. After controlling for demographic variables, both social network support and depressive symptoms were identified as predictors for life satisfaction. Interaction effects indicated strong...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Perinatal HIV Prevention Outcomes in U.S.-Born Versus Foreign-Born Blacks, PSD Cohort, 1995–2004
We examined differences in HIV-infected U.S.-born and foreign-born black mothers who delivered perinatally HIV-exposed and -infected children during 1995–2004 in the Pediatric Spectrum of HIV Disease Project, a longitudinal cohort study. Prevalence ratios were calculated to explain differences in perinatal HIV prevention opportunities comparing U.S.-born to foreign-born and African-born to Caribbean-born black mothers. U.S.-born compared with foreign-born HIV-infected black mothers were significantly more likely to have used cocaine or other non-intravenous illicit drugs, exchanged money or drugs for sex, known their...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Social Determinants of Physical Activity Among Adult Asian-Americans: Results from a Population-Based Survey in California
The objective of this study was to evaluate the key social determinants of physical activity among six Asian-American subgroups using public access 2007 California Health Interview Survey data. Physical activity was defined as meeting the American College of Sports Medicine recommendation of 450 metabolic equivalent-minutes per week. Factors positively associated with meeting physical activity recommendations included being bilingual among Chinese and Vietnamese, and increasing age for Chinese only. On the other hand, being middle aged, currently married, and low neighborhood safety were significantly associated with lower...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Depression Amongst Iraqi Refugees Located in Western Countries
Abstract A systematic review of literature reporting prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression amongst community samples of resettled Iraqi refugees was undertaken. A search of the electronic databases of Medline, PsychINFO, CINAHL, PILOTS, Scopus, and Cochrane, up to November 2013 was conducted. Following the application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria, eight empirical papers were included in the review and analysis. Specifically, six studies reported on PTSD prevalence (total n = 1,912), which ranged from 8 to 37.2 % and seven studies reported on rates of dep...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

HPV Awareness and Vaccine Willingness Among Dominican Immigrant Parents Attending a Federal Qualified Health Clinic in Puerto Rico
Abstract The purpose of this study was to describe the socio-demographic characteristics, awareness of human papillomavirus (HPV), and willingness to vaccinate among a convenience sample of 60 immigrant Dominican parents of adolescent sons in a Federal Qualified Health Clinic in Puerto Rico. Participation involved completing a self-administered survey. Even though more than half of the parents had not received proper HPV vaccine orientation from healthcare provider (58.3 %) nor asked provider for vaccination recommendation for their adolescent sons (56.7 %), most parents were aware of HPV (91.7 %) ...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Widening Life Expectancy Advantage of Hispanics in the United States: 1990–2010
Abstract We examine trends in the Hispanic longevity advantage between 1990 and 2010, focusing on the contribution of cigarette smoking. We calculate life expectancy at age 50 for Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites between 1990 and 2010. We use an indirect method to calculate the contribution of smoking to changes over time in life expectancy. Among women, the Hispanic advantage in life expectancy grows from 2.14 years in 1990 (95 % CI 1.99–2.30 years) to 3.53 years in 2010 (3.42–3.64 years). More than 40 % of this increase reflects widening differences in smoking-attribut...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - July 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research