What Are the Causes of Secondary Amenorrhea?
Discussion The first sign of puberty in females is breast budding (Tanner stage II) which normally occurs from 8-13 years. Menarche usually occurs within 2 years of breast budding occurring usually at Tanner stage III-IV breast development. Menarche occurs for most girls from 10-15 years. Most cycles range between 21-45 days. Age> 13 years without acquisition of secondary sexual characteristics,> 15 years before menarche or 5 years after acquisition of secondary sexual characteristics or cycles longer than 45 days are indications for evaluation. After menarche is it not uncommon to have anovulatory cycles that are irregular but generally they still occur within 45 days. Primary amenorrhea is the absence of menses. Secondary amenorrhea is defined as no menses for 3 or more cycles or irregular menses for 6 months or more after regular menses are established. Secondary amenorrhea occurs in about 2-5% of college women but is more common in certain populations such as dancers and distance runners (65-69%). First characterized in 1992, female athlete triad (FAT) includes “…low energy availability, menstrual dysfunction, and low bone mineral density.” Prevalence is 1-14% with highest frequency in professional ballet dancers. The cause of menstrual dysfunction in FAT is functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA). A review of FAT can be found here. FHA is caused by suppression of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone pulsatility in an otherwise normal (anatomically...
Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part AAuthor(s): Cheng Han, Yinping Zhang, Marc Redmile-Gordon, Huan Deng, Zhenggui Gu, Qiguo Zhao, Fang Wang
Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part AAuthor(s): Peter A. Bain, Adrienne Gregg, Alok K. Pandey, Mohana Krishna Reddy Mudiam, Peta A. Neale, Anu Kumar
Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part AAuthor(s): Jinquan Chen, Xuan Li, Wei Jia, Shili Shen, Shengjiong Deng, Bohua Ji, Junjun Chang
Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part BAuthor(s): Jinsoo Lee, Seong-Jin Choi, Ji-Seong Jeong, Sang Yun Kim, Sang-Hyub Lee, Mi Jin Yang, Seung-Jin Lee, Young-Jun Shin, Kyuhong Lee, Eun Ju Jeong, Sang-Yoon Nam, Wook-Joon Yu
Publication date: Available online 30 September 2020Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Anthony Beauvois, Delphine Vantelon, Jacques Jestin, Martine Bouhnik-Le Coz, Charlotte Catrouillet, Valérie Briois, Thomas Bizien, Mélanie Davranche
Authors: Zhang W, Xu JZ, Lu XH, Li H, Wang D, Wang JG Abstract PURPOSE: We hypothesise that dietary sodium intake interacts with serum uric acid to influence blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents. In the present study, we investigated ambulatory BP in relation to hyperuricaemia, dietary sodium intake and their interaction in children and adolescents with hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 616 study participants were 10-24 years old and had primary hypertension diagnosed after admission in a specialised inpatient ward. Ambulatory BP monitoring was performed during hospitalisat...
Conclusion: These findings suggest that consumption of peanuts high in oleic acid (D7) may have the potential to delay primary fatty liver symptoms. PMID: 33033472 [PubMed]
Conclusions: This review results revealed a low utilization of postnatal care service. Antenatal care service utilization has a positive effect on postnatal care service utilization. Policymakers and programmers better considered more antenatal care service use as one strategy of enhancing the utilization of postnatal care service. PMID: 33029402 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Debelew GT Abstract Despite several efforts globally, the problem of perinatal mortality remained an unsolved agenda. As a result, it continued to be an essential part of the third sustainable development goals to end preventable child deaths by 2030. With a rate of 33 per 1000 births, Ethiopia has the highest level of perinatal mortality in the world. Thus, determining the magnitude and identifying the determinants are very crucial for evidence-based interventions. A community-based longitudinal study was conducted in Southwest Ethiopia among 3474 pregnant women to estimate the magnitude of perinatal mort...
This study was aimed at assessing the magnitude of induced abortion and associated factors among students in Hawassa University, southern region, Ethiopia, 2019. Methods: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted among a total of 422 students selected on the bases of a probability simple random sampling method. A pretested structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Analysis was made with SPSS 20. Descriptive summary and inferential statistics (binary logistic regression) were used with a 95% CI and P value of less than 5% as a level of significance. Findings were presented in tables, figure, an...
More News: Amenorrhea | Balanced Diets | Bleeding | Brain | Brain Cancers | Brain Tumor | Calcium | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Databases & Libraries | Diets | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Education | Genetics | Girls | Heart | Hormones | Laboratory Medicine | Learning | Men | Mergers and Aquisitions | Neurology | Nutrition | OBGYN | Organic | Ovaries | Pediatrics | Phosphorus | Pregnancy | Reproduction Medicine | Sexual Dysfunction | Skin | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine | Sports Medicine | Thyroid | Training | Universities & Medical Training | Vitamin D | Vitamins | Weight Loss | Women