What Are Treatments for Hiccups?

Discussion Hiccups affect nearly everyone at sometime in their life but continue to be poorly understood and are usually considered a nuisance. The medical term for hiccups is singultus which comes from the Latin meaning “to be caught in the act of sobbing.” Hiccups are caused by a diaphragmatic spasm that causes a sudden inhalation that is interrupted by the spasmodic closure of the glottis that produces the characteristic hiccup sound. The ‘hic’ in hiccup occurs 4-60 times/minute and in adults has no physiological purpose, but in fetuses may help train inspiratory muscles for respiration after delivery. A retrospective study of consecutive patients in a community hospital found 55 of 100,000 patients had hiccups. Of those, only 2 were under age 18, so it appears that although hiccups occur in the pediatric population, they are not often brought to the attention of medical personnel. Hiccups are classified based on their duration. Acute hiccups last less than 48 hours, persistent hiccups last more than two days and intractable hiccups last more than one month. Hiccups that last more than 48 hours are more likely to be associated with an organic or anatomic problem. Hiccups are caused by a reflex arc. The afferent component is from the vagus nerve, phrenic nerve and sympathetic nerves of the thoracic outflow tract. The central nerves are in the upper spinal cord, medulla near the respiratory center, hypothalamus and reticular formation. These area...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Conclusion: Serum HEX activity in DT2 patients is a better marker of atherosclerosis than serum total cholesterol level in persons with mild symptoms of depression and anxiety. In DT2 patients, a routine testing of anxiety and depression is recommended. Early detection of these disorders creates the possibility for treatment, an improvement in a patient's quality of life, and the overall longevity of DT2 patients. PMID: 30026880 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe present pattern of results suggests that glutamatergic medications such as gabapentin and memantine adjuvant to a standard treatment with an SSRI have no additional positive impact on patients with OCD, as measured with the Y-BOCS. Additionally, side-effects were reported. Future studies should use more fine-grained tools to assess, for example, patients' sleep and cognitive functioning, and patients' view of symptoms.
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Bulbena-Cabre A, Bulbena A PMID: 30027877 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: Midlife insomnia and late-life terminal insomnia or long sleep duration were associated with a higher late-life dementia risk. PMID: 30030112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research
SLEEP can be difficult sometimes due to stress, emotional problems or hot weather. However, it is important to try to get enough to avoid conditions like insomnia. Try these five tips for a longer night ’s sleep in hot weather.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Smelling this scent made people expect to perform better. → Enjoying these psych studies? Support PsyBlog for just $4 per month (includes ad-free experience and more articles). → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: NEW: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Boost Brain Power Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: The global health imperative of developing migration-aware and mobility-competent health responses must not be undermined by moral panics; the resultant international policy processes run the risk of jeopardizing effective action at the local level. Globally, migration is increasingly recognized as a central public health concern, providing strategic opportunities to strengthen public health responses for all. Without mainstreaming migration, however, health responses will struggle. This is particularly concerning in SADC where HIV programmes - including UTT initiatives - will struggle, and key health targets ...
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
“Summer means happy times and good sunshine. It means going to the beach, going to Disneyland, having fun.” – Brian Wilson “Summertime, and the livin’ is easy…” Great lyrics by George Gershwin from the classic song he wrote for the 1935 musical Porgy and Bess. Summertime should be a time for individuals, families and friends to spend together doing what makes them laugh, enjoy each other’s’ company, and contribute to everyone’s overall well-being. In the middle of vacation or weekend getaway planning, or just carving time out of your busy schedule for some fun ac...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Habits Happiness Source Type: blogs
This study examined the prevalence and associated factors of risky sexual behaviours among 1648 school-going adolescents using the 2012 Ghana Global School-based Student Health Survey. Our findings showed 33.5% of the participants had ever had sex 32.5% had multiple sexual partners and only 26.2% reported using condom during their last sexual intercourse. Being male, older age, anxiety, loneliness, suicidal ideation, being bullied, food insecurity (hunger), current alcohol and marijuana use were significant risk factors for being sexually experienced, multiple partners, but not condom use. Parental knowledge of activity wa...
Source: Journal of Adolescence - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: European Polymer JournalAuthor(s): Shuijiao Peng, Shuxuan Liu, Yujun Sun, Nanping Xiang, Xiancai Jiang, Linxi HouAbstractThe facile preparation of hydrogel electrolyte with high strength, healing ability and thermoplasticity is important and still remains a great challenge. In this paper, a novel way for the preparation of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) supramolecular hydrogel electrolyte was presented. The PVA hydrogel electrolyte was prepared via the hydrogen bonding and salting-out effect. The high performance PVA-NaCl-glycerol hydrogel electrolyte could be obtained by t...
Source: European Polymer Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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