The comparison and interaction of age and gender effects on cycling mode-share: An analysis of commuting in England and Wales
Publication date: March 2021Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 20Author(s): Nick Grudgings, Susan Hughes, Alex Hagen-Zanker (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 17, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
COVID-19: estimated number of deaths if Australia had experienced a similar outbreak to England and Wales.
Authors: Stanaway F, Irwig LM, Teixeira-Pinto A, Bell KJ PMID: 33440460 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Journal of Australia)
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - January 14, 2021 Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
Community pharmacies ‘in all parts’ of Wales to deliver COVID-19 vaccines, says first minister
The first community pharmacy in Wales will deliver a COVID-19 vaccine this week, ahead of a roll out to pharmacies “in all parts” of the country. (Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal)
Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal - January 13, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Trends in Ischaemic Heart Disease in Australia, 2001 –2015: A Comparison of Urban and Rural Populations
This study examines the trends of IHD events (i.e. hospitalisations and deaths) in New South Wales, Australia by rurality. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - January 13, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Eng Joo Tan, Andrew Hayen, Philip Clarke, Rod Jackson, Josh Knight, Alison J. Hayes Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Implementing the Dementia Early Stage Cognitive Aids New Trial (DESCANT) intervention: mixed-method process evaluation alongside a pragmatic randomised trial.
CONCLUSION: Successful implementation increased confidence in future findings of the randomised trial. Depending on these, DESCANT may prove a scalable intervention with potential to improve the function and quality of life of people with dementia and their carers. PMID: 33438441 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 13, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Chester H, Beresford R, Clarkson P, Entwistle C, Gillan V, Hughes J, Orrell M, Pitts R, Russell I, Symonds E, Challis D, Members of the HoSt-D (Home Support in Dementia) Programme Management Group Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research
Impact of a quality improvement project to reduce the rate of obstetric anal sphincter injury: a multicentre study with a stepped-wedge design.
CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of this care bundle reduced OASI rates without affecting caesarean section rates or episiotomy use. These findings demonstrate its potential for reducing perineal trauma during childbirth. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: OASI Care Bundle reduced severe perineal tear rates without affecting caesarean section rates or episiotomy use. PMID: 33426798 [PubMed - in process] (Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - January 12, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Gurol-Urganci I, Bidwell P, Sevdalis N, Silverton L, Novis V, Freeman R, Hellyer A, van der Meulen J, Thakar R Tags: BJOG Source Type: research
From Identification to Intelligence: An Assessment of the Suitability of Forensic DNA Phenotyping Service Providers for Use in Australian Law Enforcement Casework
Forensic DNA Phenotyping (FDP) is an established but evolving field of DNA testing. It provides intelligence regarding the appearance (externally visible characteristics), biogeographical ancestry and age of an unknown donor and, although not necessarily a requirement for its casework application, has been previously used as a method of last resort in New South Wales (NSW) Police Force investigations. FDP can further assist law enforcement agencies by re-prioritising an existing pool of suspects or generating a new pool of suspects. In recent years, this capability has become ubiquitous with a wide range of service provide...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - January 12, 2021 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Stone-Wales defects preserve hyperuniformity in amorphous two-dimensional networks [Chemistry]
Disordered hyperuniformity (DHU) is a recently discovered novel state of many-body systems that possesses vanishing normalized infinite-wavelength density fluctuations similar to a perfect crystal and an amorphous structure like a liquid or glass. Here, we discover a hyperuniformity-preserving topological transformation in two-dimensional (2D) network structures that involves continuous introduction of... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - January 11, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Duyu Chen, Yu Zheng, Lei Liu, Ge Zhang, Mohan Chen, Yang Jiao, Houlong Zhuang Tags: Physical Sciences Source Type: research
Towards improved outcome in children treated surgically for spontaneous intracranial suppuration in South Wales
. (Source: British Journal of Neurosurgery)
Source: British Journal of Neurosurgery - January 11, 2021 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Milan Makwana Joseph P. Merola Imran Bhatti Chirag K. Patel Paul A. Leach Source Type: research
Commentary: Total Arch Replacement with Frozen Elephant Trunk: One Stop Shop
In this article, Dr. Ho and colleagues from Prince of Wales Hospital in Hong Kong report their single center experience using total aortic arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk procedure (TAR FET) using the Thoraflex hybrid graft to treat complex aortic arch and proximal descending thoracic aortic pathology.1 The TAR FET procedure, popularized by Dr. Sun's and other groups, has emerged as a technique to address a wide range of thoracic aortic pathologies, including 1) acute Type A aortic dissection with pseudocoarctation or malperfusion; 2) distal aortic arch aneurysms; 3) chronic residual dissection; and 4) Type B di...
Source: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - January 9, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: George J. Arnaoutakis, Ibrahim Sultan Tags: ADULT – Commentary Source Type: research
Beyond cycles - police watchdog reform mechanics
AbstractThis paper presents a new framework for better understanding the mechanics of police oversight reforms. It outlines a case study of New Zealand police oversight organisation reform and a comparative analysis with four other jurisdictions: England and Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and New York. Together these cases allow us to trace the path of police watchdog reform and demonstrate that it is not simply a series of cycles, or preordained set of management challenges. Instead it is a more complex, staggered process of reactive and proactive reform that includes reform cycles, watchdog-initiated growth, justice s...
Source: Crime, Law and Social Change - January 8, 2021 Category: Criminology Source Type: research
Vaccine coverage in children born to migrant mothers in Australia: A population-based cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: On-time vaccination rates differed by mother's region of birth. More research is needed to determine the main reasons for these remaining differences to improve vaccine uptake and also help guide policy and practice. PMID: 33431224 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Vaccine)
Source: Vaccine - January 8, 2021 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Abdi I, Gidding H, Leong RN, Moore HC, Seale H, Menzies R Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Natural language processing of radiology reports for the identification of patients with fracture
ConclusionXRAIT identifies significantly more clinically significant fractures than manual case finding. High specificity in an untrained cohort suggests that it could be used at other sites. Automated methods of fracture identification may assist fracture liaison services so that limited resources can be spent on treatment rather than case finding. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 6, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Genomic and phenotypic characterization of Investigator Global Assessment (IGA) scale based endotypes in atopic dermatitis
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - January 6, 2021 Category: Dermatology Authors: Sandra P. Smieszek, Bartlomiej Przychodzen, Sarah E. Welsh, Jennifer L. Brzezynski, Alyssa R. Kaden, Michael Mohrman, Jingyuan Wang, Changfu Xiao, Sonja St änder, Gunther Birznieks, Christos Polymeropoulos, Mihael H. Polymeropoulos Source Type: research
Myopericarditis after vaccination, Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), 1990-2018.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Myopericarditis after vaccination has been sporadically reported in the medical literature. Here, we present a thorough descriptive analysis of reports to a national passive vaccine safety surveillance system (VAERS) of myopericarditis after vaccines licensed for use in the United States. METHODS: We identified U.S. reports of myopericarditis received by VAERS during 1990-2018 that met a published case definition for myopericarditis or were physician-diagnosed. We stratified analysis by age group (
Source: Vaccine - January 6, 2021 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Su JR, McNeil MM, Welsh KJ, Marquez PL, Ng C, Yan M, Cano MV Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
COVID-19 vaccinations will be provided in 'local pharmacies', Welsh health minister says
People in Wales will be able to receive a COVID-19 vaccination from their “local GP practice or pharmacy”, Vaughn Gething, the Welsh health minister, has said. (Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal)
Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal - January 5, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Average volume-assured pressure support versus conventional bilevel pressure support in pediatric nocturnal hypoventilation: a case series
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM)
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - January 4, 2021 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Vishal SaddiGanesh ThambipillaySonia PithersMiles MoodyBradley MartinGregory BlecherArthur Teng1 Department of Sleep Medicine, Sydney Children ’s Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia2 Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Source Type: research
Regional Differences in Time Off Work After Injury: A Comparison of Australian States and Territories Within A Single Workers ’ Compensation System
Conclusions Regional factors influence disability duration, which persist with adjustment for demographic, work, insurer type, and injury confounders. However, the effects are inconsistently significant and fairly small, especially when compared to the effect of confounders and system effects found in previous studies. Regional factors likely only account for a small share of the difference in disability duration between compensation systems. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - January 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
TB and COVID-19 co-infection: rationale and aims of a global study
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - January 2, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: The TB/COVID-19 Global Study Group < label/ > The authors of the TB/COVID-19 Global Study Group are as follows: N Casco, AL Jorge, D Palmero (Argentina) J-W Alffenaar, G Fox, W Ezz, J-G Cho (New South Wales, Australia) A Skrahina, V Solodovnikova (Belarus Tags: FORUM Source Type: research
A qualitative study on participants' experiences with a community-based mindful walking intervention and mobile device activity measurement.
CONCLUSION: Most participants in the MW intervention see the health benefits of this program and most participants using the wearable physical activity tracking device reported the motivational benefits of this device. Issues with the MW intervention (e.g., lack of patience) and the wearable device (e.g., discomfort with wearing) need to be addressed in future interventions. PMID: 33388390 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine)
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - December 31, 2020 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Jones KO, Lopes SS, Kelly C, Welsh RS, Chen L, Wilson M, Jindal M, Zinzow H, Zhang L, Shi L Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research
The improved CO adsorption/sensing performance of Stone-Wales defected graphene doped with Fe: A DFT study
Publication date: Available online 29 December 2020Source: Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and NanostructuresAuthor(s): Shulin Yang, Xiaohan Qian, Huoxi Xu, Juan Xiong, Zhao Wang, Haoshuang Gu (Source: Physica E: Low dimensional Systems and Nanostructures)
Source: Physica E: Low dimensional Systems and Nanostructures - December 30, 2020 Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
Endemic infection of cattle with multiple genotypes of Theileria orientalis on the Northern Tablelands of New South Wales despite limited presence of ticks
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2020Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Biniam T. Lakew, Sarbast K. Kheravii, Shu-Biao Wu, Steve Eastwood, Nigel R. Andrew, Cheryl Jenkins, Stephen W. Walkden-Brown (Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases)
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - December 29, 2020 Category: Zoology Source Type: research
[ASAP] Novel Sigma 1 Receptor Antagonists as Potential Therapeutics for Pain Management
Journal of Medicinal ChemistryDOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.0c01964 (Source: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry - December 29, 2020 Category: Chemistry Authors: Youyi Peng, Qiang Zhang, and William J. Welsh Source Type: research
[ASAP] Energy Landscapes for Electronic Structure
Journal of Chemical Theory and ComputationDOI: 10.1021/acs.jctc.0c00772 (Source: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation)
Source: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation - December 28, 2020 Category: Chemistry Authors: Hugh G. A. Burton and David J. Wales Source Type: research
The Voice of a Nurse:
This article presents the compelling voice of a DAISY nurse whose perspective on 2020 delves into the heart of nursing —nurses’ relationships with their patients that are built on their moments together—the moments DAISY honors. (Source: Nurse Leader)
Source: Nurse Leader - December 26, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Bonnie Barnes, Mark Barnes, Nathan Welsh Source Type: research
[ASAP] Use of Standard Addition to Quantify In Situ FTIR Reaction Data
The Journal of Organic ChemistryDOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.0c02684 (Source: The Journal of Organic Chemistry)
Source: The Journal of Organic Chemistry - December 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Authors: George Hutchinson, Calum D. M. Welsh, and Jordi Bure ́s Source Type: research
Developing a National Program for Lynch Syndrome testing in Wales – Patient Power and Multidisciplinary Collaboration
Publication date: January 2021Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology, Volume 47, Issue 1Author(s): Catherine Zabkiewicz, Rachel Hargest (Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO))
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - December 23, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Pattern of palliative radiotherapy fractionation for brain metastases patients in New South Wales, Australia
Brain metastases are a frequent occurrence in patients with metastatic disease and lead to significant mortality and morbidity ,. Lung cancer, breast cancer, and melanoma are the most frequent primaries resulting in brain metastases, and account for 67% –80% of all cancers ,. (Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology)
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology - December 22, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: V. Batumalai, J. Descallar, G.P. Delaney, G. Gabriel, K. Wong, J. Shafiq, S.K. Vinod, M.B. Barton Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Sex and age differences in COVID-19 mortality in Europe.
CONCLUSION: Despite variability in data collection and time coverage among regions, the study showed an overall similar pattern of sex differences in COVID-19 mortality in Europe. PMID: 33351155 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift - December 22, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ahrenfeldt LJ, Otavova M, Christensen K, Lindahl-Jacobsen R Tags: Wien Klin Wochenschr Source Type: research
Pattern of palliative radiotherapy fractionation for brain metastases patients in New South Wales, Australia.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a paucity of studies examining variation in the use of palliative radiation therapy (RT) fractionation for brain metastases. The aim of this study is to assess variation in palliative RT fractionation given for brain metastases in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, and identify factors associated with variation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a population-based cohort of patients who received whole brain RT (WBRT) for brain metastases (2009-2014), as captured in the NSW Central Cancer Registry. A logistic regression model was used to identify factors associated with fr...
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology - December 22, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Batumalai V, Descallar J, Delaney GP, Gabriel G, Wong K, Shafiq J, Vinod SK, Barton MB Tags: Radiother Oncol Source Type: research
Prognostic Factors for 30-Day Mortality in Critically Ill Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019: An Observational Cohort Study
CONCLUSIONS: We identified patient characteristics that predict an increased likelihood of death within 30 days of the start of critical care for patients with coronavirus disease 2019. These findings may support development of a prediction model for benchmarking critical care providers. (Source: Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Critical Care Medicine - December 21, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research
Can the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Risk Calculator Predict Outcomes for Urgent Colectomies?
The objective of this study is to evaluate the RC's accuracy in urgent (nonelective/nonemergent) cases. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the NSQIP data for patients who underwent urgent colectomies at a single tertiary care center over a 4-year period. Each urgent case was entered into the RC as both elective and emergent, and predicted outcomes were compared to actual postoperative outcomes. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used when sufficient statistical power was present and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated. RESULTS: A total of 301 urgent colectomy patients were evalu...
Source: The American Surgeon - December 21, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Ziegler MA, Bauman JC, Welsh RJ, Wasvary HJ Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research
Postoperative delirium in patients with head and neck oral cancer in the West of Scotland
Our aims were to determine the prevalence and association of postoperative delirium (POD) in head and neck (H&N) cancer patients undergoing free flap reconstruction at the oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) unit, Queen Elizabeth University Hospital (QEUH) Glasgow, and to assess whether these determinants can be modified to optimise patient care and reduce the occurrence of POD. Delirium remains an important problem in the postoperative care of patients undergoing major H&N surgery, and early detection and management improve overall outcomes. (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - December 20, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J.E. Crawford, F. Zubair, G. Baniulyte, C.J. Wales, M. Ansell, E. Thomson, S. Hislop, C. MacIver, J. Devine, J. McCaul, D. Young, J. McMahon Source Type: research
US Rural Surgeons Leading During COVID-19: Where Are They Now?
Abstract Rural surgeons from disparate areas of the United States report on the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in their communities as the virus has spread across the country. The pandemic has brought significant changes to the professional, economic, and social lives of the individual surgeons and their communities. PMID: 33342233 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Surgeon)
Source: The American Surgeon - December 19, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Sarap M, Conyers J, Cunningham C, Deutchman A, Levine G, Long S, Molt P, Rossi M, Welsh D, Hughes D Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research
Detection and Sorting of Extracellular Vesicles and Viruses Using nanoFACS.
Authors: Morales-Kastresana A, Welsh JA, Jones JC Abstract Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are sub-micron-sized membranous spheres secreted by cells. EVs play a functional role as intercellular communicators and are associated with a number of diseases. Research into EVs is an area of growing interest due their many potential uses as therapeutic agents, as diagnostic and theranostic biomarkers, and as regulators of cellular biology. Flow cytometry is a popular method for enumerating and phenotyping EVs, even though the majority of EVs are below the detection sensitivity of most commercially available flow cytometers. ...
Source: Current Protocols in Cytometry - December 18, 2020 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Curr Protoc Cytom Source Type: research
[ASAP] Systematic Evaluation of ReaxFF Reactive Force Fields for Biochemical Applications
Journal of Chemical Theory and ComputationDOI: 10.1021/acs.jctc.0c01043 (Source: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation)
Source: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation - December 18, 2020 Category: Chemistry Authors: Evgeny Moerman, David Furman, and David J. Wales Source Type: research
Medical complications of surgery: an orthogeriatrician's perspective
Hip fracture is one of the most common admission diagnoses in the UK, accounting for>75,000 hospital admissions per year in England and Wales. Fractured neck of femur can be classified as a ‘frailty’ presentation because of an average age of>80 years, a clear association with ‘pathological falls’, including syncope, and a high number of co-morbidities. The combination of traumatic injury, frailty and surgery presents significant challenges to the managing team and requires a multidisciplinary approach to reduce the risk of perioperative complications, most commonly p ostoperative delirium, sep...
Source: Medicine - December 18, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Mark A. Baxter Tags: Acute medicine I Source Type: research
Regarding: "The risk of induced cancer and ischemic heart disease following low dose lung irradiation for COVID-19: estimation based on a virtual case".
Regarding: "The risk of induced cancer and ischemic heart disease following low dose lung irradiation for COVID-19: estimation based on a virtual case". Int J Radiat Biol. 2020 Dec 15;:1-4 Authors: Bevelacqua JJ, Welsh JS, Mortazavi S PMID: 33320738 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology)
Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology - December 17, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Int J Radiat Biol Source Type: research
Evaluation of a Fecal Shedding Test To Detect Badger Social Groups Infected with Mycobacterium bovis [Clinical Veterinary Microbiology]
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is an economically important disease affecting the cattle industry in England and Wales. bTB, caused by Mycobacterium bovis, also causes disease in the Eurasian badger (Meles meles), a secondary maintenance host. Disease transmission between these two species is bidirectional. Infected badgers shed M. bovis in their feces. The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) of the United Kingdom organized a comparative trial to determine the performance of tests in detecting M. bovis in badger feces for the Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). Here, we assessed the performance of the...
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - December 17, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Murphy, A. R. J., Travis, E. R., Hibberd, V., Porter, D., Wellington, E. M. H. Tags: Clinical Veterinary Microbiology Source Type: research
The association between living in socially fragmented neighbourhoods and psychological distress among immigrant and non-immigrant people aged 45 and over in NSW, Australia.
CONCLUSION: Immigrants are vulnerable to mental health issues, but the characteristics of the area they live in are also important. Helping immigrants settle into well-integrated and economically advantaged areas may decrease the possibility of mental health issues. PMID: 33334136 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - December 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tabatabaei-Jafari H, Zulfiqar T, Welsh J, Bagheri N Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Scientists in pyjamas: characterising the working arrangements and productivity of Australian medical researchers during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Authors: Chapman DG, Thamrin C Abstract OBJECTIVE: To characterise the working arrangements of medical research scientists and support staff in Australia during the COVID-19 pandemic, and to evaluate factors (in particular: wearing pyjamas) that influence the self-assessed productivity and mental health of medical institute staff working from home. DESIGN: Prospective cohort survey study, 30 April - 18 May 2020. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Staff (scientists and non-scientists) and students at five medical research institutes in Sydney, New South Wales. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-assessed overall and task-sp...
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - December 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
Involving Mental Health Consumers in Nursing Handover: A Qualitative Study of Consumer Perspectives.
Authors: Mullen A, Isobel S, Flanagan K, Harman K Abstract A number of benefits have been identified for including consumers in nursing handover, such as improved safety and information exchange. In mental health settings these benefits may translate to improved nurse-consumer engagement and working towards the provision of recovery orientated practice. The process of including the consumer, whilst considered best practice, is not well established in mental health settings. Therefore further understanding, in regards to the consumer perspectives about this practice, is needed to inform its adoption and implementati...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - December 15, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research
Nurses ’, Pharmacists’ and Family Physicians’ Perceptions of Psychotropic Medication Monitoring in Australian Long-Term Care Facilities: A Qualitative Framework Analysis
Conclusions and ImplicationsPsychotropic monitoring is perceived by all HCPs as a shared responsibility; however, the conceptualization of monitoring differs between HCPs. HCPs ’ beliefs and attitudes require consideration when designing implementation strategies for interventions to ameliorate suboptimal monitoring practices. (Source: Drugs and Aging)
Source: Drugs and Aging - December 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
A Look at the History of Biosimilar Adoption: Characteristics of Early and Late Adopters of Infliximab and Etanercept Biosimilars in Subregions of England, Scotland and Wales - A Mixed Methods Study
ConclusionsThis study has shown that the savings potential drives biosimilar use. Regions with a proactive attitude, good stakeholder relationships, and clinician engagement were identified as early adopters. (Source: BioDrugs)
Source: BioDrugs - December 11, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Trends in Intensive Care for Patients with COVID-19 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
CONCLUSIONS: The population of patients with COVID-19 admitted to ICU, and the processes of care in ICU, changed over the first wave of the epidemic. After adjustment for important risk factors, there was substantial improvement in patient outcomes. This article is open access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). PMID: 33306946 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - December 11, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Doidge JC, Gould DW, Ferrando-Vivas P, Mouncey PR, Thomas K, Shankar-Hari M, Harrison DA, Rowan KM Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Reducing Adolescent Psychopathology in Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Children With a Preschool Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial
American Journal of Psychiatry, Ahead of Print. (Source: American Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: American Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Karen L. Bierman Brenda S. Heinrichs Janet A. Welsh Robert L. Nix Source Type: research
Routes to diagnosis and missed opportunities in the detection of renal cancer
To determine the proportion of renal cancers for which incidental detection was the route to diagnosis, the characteristics of tumours identified in this way, and the frequency with which opportunities to make this diagnosis were missed. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - December 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: A.J. Bradley, G.F. Maskell, A. Mannava, A. Pollard, T. Welsh Source Type: research
Rationale and methods of a randomized trial evaluating the effect of neprilysin inhibition on left ventricular remodelling
ConclusionsThis trial will investigate the effect of neprilysin inhibition on LV remodelling and the neurohumoral actions of sacubitril/valsartan in patients with asymptomatic LVSD following MI. (Source: ESC Heart Failure)
Source: ESC Heart Failure - December 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kieran F. Docherty, Ross T. Campbell, Katriona J.M. Brooksbank, Rosemary L. Godeseth, Paul Forsyth, Alex McConnachie, Giles Roditi, Bethany Stanley, Paul Welsh, Pardeep S. Jhund, Mark C. Petrie, John J.V. McMurray Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
The value of bronchoscopy in patients with non ‐massive haemoptysis and a clear or benign computer tomogram scan
ConclusionFOB provides minimal value for identifying lung malignancies in patients with non ‐massive haemoptysis and a clear or benign CT scan irrespective of patient‐specific risk factors. Cost savings would be associated if physicians altered practice accordingly. (Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - December 10, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Avinash Aujayeb, Declan C Murphy, Karl Jackson, Robert Johnston, Sarah Welsh, Rebecca Webster, Rebecca Lapsley, Hussun ‐Ara Shah, Daniel Mitchell Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Reducing Adolescent Psychopathology in Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Children With a Preschool Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: The study findings indicate that enriching preschool programs serving at-risk children with a relatively inexpensive evidence-based SEL program with interactive reading substantially improved the later benefits for adolescent emotional and behavioral health. This kind of SEL enrichment represents an approach that can leverage public investments in preschool programs to enhance public health. PMID: 33297720 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bierman KL, Heinrichs BS, Welsh JA, Nix RL Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research