Quality of Life during Old-Age in Nepal. A Statistical Analysis
AbstractThe relationship between living arrangement and quality of life in elders over time can serve important functions for both the elder persons and their caretakers. From this point of view, the article analyzes statistically to understand living arrangement of Nepalese senior citizens who are residing between two countries India and China, and it is socially and culturally constructed. The study is based on the nationally representing survey on ageing, which includes 7200 households having 8626 older persons aged 60 and above years. Using logistics regression model, the quality of life in old age is evaluated in term...
Source: Journal of Population Ageing - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Predictors of Anemia in HIV-Infected Persons in Nepal
(Source: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management)
Source: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management - June 1, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care Source Type: research

Risk factors associated with failing pre-transmission assessment surveys (pre-TAS) in lymphatic filariasis elimination programs: Results of a multi-country analysis
This study aims to understand factors influencing pre-TAS results using existing programmatic data from 554 implementation units, of which 74 (13%) failed, in 13 countries. Secondary data analysis was completed using existing data from Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Haiti, Indonesia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, and Uganda. Additional covariate data were obtained from spatial raster data sets. Bivariate analysis and multilinear regression were performed to es tablish potential relationships between variables and the pre-TAS result. Higher baseline prevalence and lower elevation were signif...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - June 1, 2020 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Clara R. Burgert-Brucker Source Type: research

Resilience to mental disorders in a low-income, non-Westernized setting.
CONCLUSIONS: Although cultural effects on reporting cannot be ruled out, these low 12-month prevalences are consistent with reduced prevalence of mental disorders in other low-income countries. Identification of sociocultural factors that mediate the lower prevalence of mental disorders in low-income, non-Westernized settings may have implications for understanding disorder etiology and for clinical or policy interventions aimed at facilitating resilience. PMID: 32476631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Scott KM, Zhang Y, Chardoul S, Ghimire DJ, Smoller JW, Axinn WG Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

Case Report: Management of Dead Intraocular Helminth Parasites in Asymptomatic Patients.
We report four asymptomatic patients from Nepal with an incidental finding of a dead intraocular helminth parasite on ophthalmological routine examination. Because the patients were asymptomatic and the intraocular helminth parasites dead without noted pathology present, it was decided to abstain from surgical removal and pursue a watch-and-wait strategy. The clinical follow-up of the four patients over two years was uneventful and showed no complications. We conclude that dead intraocular helminth parasites in asymptomatic patients without apparent pathology do not require surgical removal. PMID: 32484154 [PubMed - a...
Source: Am J Trop Med Hyg - June 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sah R, Khatri A, Kharel R, Kc H, Rabaan AA, Tiwari R, Dhama K, Malik YS, Donovan S, Rodriguez-Morales AJ, Muigg V, Neumayr A Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research

Spatial and temporal dynamics of social-ecological resilience in Nepal from 2000 to 2015
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2020Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/CAuthor(s): Yue Zhang, Demin Zhou, Zhihui Li, Lin Qi (Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC)
Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC - May 30, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Maternal Mortality in the United States Compared With Ethiopia, Nepal, Brazil, and the United Kingdom: Contrasts in Reproductive Health Policies.
Abstract Maternal mortality is falling in most of the world's countries, but, for 20 years, the United States has seen no reduction. Over this period, a dozen countries in various stages of development, all spending much less than the United States on health, achieved their United Nations' Millennium Development Goal of 2015 (Millennium Development Goal 5: improve maternal health), with substantial reductions in maternal mortality rates. To consider whether interventions successful in reducing global maternal mortality rates could help the United States to lower its rate, the American College of Obstetricians and ...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 29, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Darney PD, Nakamura-Pereira M, Regan L, Serur F, Thapa K Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Abortion Service Provision in South Asia: A Comparative Study of Four Countries
Nationally representative evidence on abortion service provision is scarce in South Asia. To inform improvements in service provision, this paper assesses the availability of facility-based postabortion services in Nepal, India (six states), Bangladesh and Pakistan, and legal abortion services in India and Nepal and Bangladesh (where the official term used is menstrual regulation or MR). (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - May 29, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Susheela Singh, Aparna Sundaram, Altaf Hossain, Mahesh C. Puri, Zeba Sathar, Chander Shekhar, Marjorie Crowell, Ann M. Moore Source Type: research

Food insecurity and low access to high-quality food for preconception women in Nepal: the importance of household relationships.
CONCLUSIONS: Preconception, newly married women in Nepal are eating less high-quality foods important for women's health during the preconception period - a key period for avoiding adverse maternal and infant health outcomes. Relationships with mothers-in-law are key to women's access to high-quality food, suggesting that interventions aiming to improve maternal and child nutrition should target all household members. PMID: 32468970 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - May 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Diamond-Smith N, Shieh J, Puri M, Weiser S Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

Proinflammatory Effects in Ex Vivo Human Lung Tissue of Respirable Smoke Extracts from Indoor Cooking in Nepal
Annals of the American Thoracic Society,Volume 17, Issue 6, Page 688-698, June 2020. (Source: Annals of the American Thoracic Society)
Source: Annals of the American Thoracic Society - May 29, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Binaya KC Parth Sarathi Mahapatra Dhruma Thakker Amanda P. Henry Charlotte K. Billington Ian Sayers Siva Praveen Puppala Ian P. Hall Source Type: research

Feasibility and Effectiveness of Telephone-Based Telephysiotherapy for Treatment of Pain in Low-Resource Setting: A Retrospective Pre-Post Design.
The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of TPT in management of pain caused due to various problems among patients living in rural areas of a developing country. Methods: This retrospective study conducted in rural areas of Nepal recruited all patients who met the eligibility criteria during a day campaign. Two physiotherapists, one for assessment and another for treatment, were involved. Based on pretraining assessment finding, evidence-based individualized physiotherapy was prescribed. Pamphlets containing pictures of the prescribed exercises and instructions in the Nepali language were dist...
Source: Pain Research and Management - May 28, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Adhikari SP, Shrestha P, Dev R Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research

Feasibility of Group Problem Management Plus (PM+) to improve mental health and functioning of adults in earthquake-affected communities in Nepal.
CONCLUSION: The intervention and trial procedures were acceptable to participants, family members, and programme staff. The communities and participants found the intervention to be beneficial. Because feasibility and acceptability were established in this trial, a fully powered randomised controlled trial will be conducted for larger scale implementation to determine the effectiveness of the intervention in Nepal. PMID: 32452336 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - May 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

A rare case of brain abscess caused by Actinomyces meyeri
Brain abscesses are the rare and most severe form of actinomycosis, which usually manifests as abscesses of the occipital or parietal lobe due to direct expansion from an adjacent area, the oral cavity. In the... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - May 27, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ranjit Sah, Gaurav Nepal, Sanjit Sah, Sonam Singla, Priti Upadhyay, Ali A. Rabaan, Kuldeep Dhama, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales and Rabindra Ghimire Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Mental health and COVID-19 in Nepal: A case of a satellite clinic.
Authors: Sharma P, Joshi D, Shrestha K PMID: 32450492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - May 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Challenges and possibilities of developing cardiac surgery in a peripheral hospital of low- and middle-income countries.
CONCLUSION: We conclude that developing cardiac surgical care in a peripheral hospital of a developing country is feasible with support from government, foreign colleagues, local teams, and non-governmental organizations. The availability of a regular cardiac surgery service in the periphery of the country makes such services more accessible for the patients and helps in reducing the long waiting lists and unmanageable workload in the established cardiac centers in the capital city. PMID: 32460640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Perfusion)
Source: Perfusion - May 27, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tiwari KK, Grapsa J, Laudari S, Pazdernik M, Vervoort D Tags: Perfusion Source Type: research

Severe acute malnutrition and its associated factors among children under-five years: a facility-based cross-sectional study
This study identified the predictors of severe acute malnutrit... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 26, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Umesh Ghimire, Binod Kumar Aryal, Ankush Kumar Gupta and Suman Sapkota Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The utility of red cell distribution width to predict mortality of septic patients in a tertiary hospital of Nepal
Sepsis is a common problem encountered in the emergency room which needs to be intervened early. Predicting prognosis is always a difficult task in busy emergency rooms using present scores, which has several ... (Source: BMC Emergency Medicine)
Source: BMC Emergency Medicine - May 26, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Rajan Ghimire, Yogendra Man Shakya, Tirtha Man Shrestha and Ram Prasad Neupane Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, multi-morbid conditions and depressive symptoms among Nepalese older adults
Depressive symptoms (DS) are a well-recognized public health problem across the world. There is limited evidence with regard to DS and its associates, such as socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle facto... (Source: BMC Psychiatry)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - May 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Uday Narayan Yadav, Tarka Bahadur Thapa, Sabuj Kanti Mistry, Roshan Pokhrel and Mark Fort Harris Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The burden of adolescent motherhood and health consequences in Nepal
Annually, 18 million babies are born to mothers 18  years or less. Two thirds of these births take place in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Due to social and biological factors, adolescent mothers have a hig... (Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - May 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Rejina Gurung, Mats M ålqvist, Zhou Hong, Pragya Gautam Poudel, Avinash K. Sunny, Srijana Sharma, Sangeeta Mishra, Nisso Nurova and Ashish KC Tags: Research article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 3646: Applying the Modified Health Belief Model (HBM) to Korean Medical Tourism
This study used an online survey engine (docs.google.com/forms) to collect data from foreigners who are from India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Vietnam, and Mongolia, who are potential Korean medical tourists. Out of 213 questionnaires collected, 200 questionnaires (93.9%) were used for the statistical analysis. The Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed that six dimensions, “Experience”, “Susceptibility”, “Severity”, “Barrier”, “Benefit”, and “Visiting Intention”, had construct validity; Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was tested for item reliability. ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hyun-Jeong Ban Hak-Seon Kim Tags: Article Source Type: research

Traditional Healers and Mental Health in Nepal: A Scoping Review.
Abstract Despite extensive ethnographic and qualitative research on traditional healers in Nepal, the role of traditional healers in relation to mental health has not been synthesized. We focused on the following clinically based research question, "What are the processes by which Nepali traditional healers address mental well-being?" We adopted a scoping review methodology to maximize the available literature base and conducted a modified thematic analysis rooted in grounded theory, ethnography, and phenomenology. We searched five databases using terms related to traditional healers and mental health. W...
Source: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry - May 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pham TV, Kaiser BN, Koirala R, Maharjan SM, Upadhaya N, Franz L, Kohrt BA Tags: Cult Med Psychiatry Source Type: research

Role of Intestinal Microbiota in Metabolism of Voglibose In Vitro and In Vivo.
CONCLUSION: The present results indicate that voglibose would be metabolized by the intestinal microbiota, and that this metabolism might be pharmacodynamically critical in lowering blood glucose levels in mice. PMID: 32431100 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - May 21, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research

Sequence mismatch in PCR probes may mask the COVID-19 detection in Nepal
Publication date: Available online 18 May 2020Source: Molecular and Cellular ProbesAuthor(s): Divya RSJB. Rana, Nischal Pokhrel (Source: Molecular and Cellular Probes)
Source: Molecular and Cellular Probes - May 20, 2020 Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

Risk and Protective Factors for Adolescent and Young Adult Mental Health Within the Context of COVID-19: A Perspective From Nepal
On December 31, 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) was alerted about a cluster of pneumonia cases of unknown etiology in Wuhan, China [1]. By January 12, 2020, China had shared the genetic sequence of a novel coronavirus [2], later named severe acute coronavirus syndrome 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the etiological agent of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) [3]. Until today, the virus has spread to more than 200 countries, causing over 1.5 million cases and over 100,000 deaths [4]. COVID-19 was declared first a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) [5] and later a pandemic disease [6] by the WHO. (Source: Jo...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 20, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Vinita Sharma, Miguel Reina Ortiz, Nandita Sharma Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Validation of Risk of Chemotherapy-Induced Neutropenia: Experience from Oncology Hospital of Nepal
(Source: Cancer Management and Research)
Source: Cancer Management and Research - May 19, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Management and Research Source Type: research

Exploration of self-medication practice in Pokhara valley of Nepal
Self-medication (SM) is the practice of consuming medication without the consultation of physician. The drugs most commonly self-medicated are paracetamol, analgesics, ranitidine, oral rehydration solution and... (Source: BMC Public Health)
Source: BMC Public Health - May 19, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Sabita Paudel and Bijay Aryal Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Augmentation of labour with oxytocin and its association with delivery outcomes: a large ‐scale cohort study in 12 public hospitals in Nepal
In this study, we sought to assess the association between augmentation of labour with oxytocin and delivery outcomes.Material and methodsWe conducted a cohort study in 12 public hospitals in Nepal, including all deliveries with and without augmentation of labour with oxytocin, but excluding elective cesarean sections, women with missing information on augmentation of labour, and women without fetal heart rate on admission. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression calculating the crude and adjusted risk ratio (aRR) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were performed, comparing 1) intrapartum stillbirth an...
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - May 19, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Helena Litorp, Avinash K Sunny, Ashish KC Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Establishing injury surveillance in emergency departments in Nepal: protocol for mixed methods prospective study
Globally, injuries cause more than 5 million deaths annually, a similar number to those from HIV, Tuberculosis and Malaria combined. In people aged between 5 and 44  years of age trauma is the leading cause of ... (Source: BMC Health Services Research)
Source: BMC Health Services Research - May 18, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Dan Magnus, Santosh Bhatta, Julie Mytton, Elisha Joshi, Emma L. Bird, Sumiksha Bhatta, Sunil Raja Manandhar and Sunil Kumar Joshi Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Six-year study on peripheral venous catheter-associated BSI rates in 262 ICUs in eight countries of South-East Asia: International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium findings.
CONCLUSIONS: Infection prevention programs must be implemented to reduce the incidence of peripheral venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections. PMID: 32406328 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Vascular Access)
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - May 16, 2020 Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

Investigation of an imported cholera case in China with whole genome sequencing.
Abstract Determining the source and genetic characteristics of the imported pathogen is critical in the control of infectious diseases. Here, we reported the investigation of an imported cholera case in China in 2018 with a recent travel history in Nepal and India. Stool culture from the patient was identified as Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1, biotype El Tor, serotype Ogawa. The strain 2018HL24 possessed intact Vibrio seventh pandemic island I (VSP-I), Vibrio pathogenicity Island 1 and 2 (VPI-1, VPI-2). A VSP-II variant with a 13 kb deletion was also detected, which was identical to those observed in V. cholerae ...
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - May 15, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Li F, Pang B, Yan H, Lu X, Li J, Zhou H, Cui Z, Zhao L, Mahemut, Huo D, Kan B, Jia L Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of inhaled budesonide on prevention of acute mountain sickness during emergent ascent: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) is a pathophysiologic process that occurs in non-acclimated susceptible individuals rapidly ascending to high-altitude. Barometric pressure falls at high altitude and it translate... (Source: BMC Emergency Medicine)
Source: BMC Emergency Medicine - May 13, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Gaurav Nepal, Jayant Kumar Yadav, Jessica Holly Rehrig, Niroj Bhandari, Santosh Baniya, Rakesh Ghimire and Narayan Mahotra Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Is research in peril in Nepal? Publication trend and research quality from projects funded by the University Grants Commission-Nepal.
Abstract Institutions of higher learning are critical in promoting a knowledge-driven economy through research and training. Nepali universities receive funding from the University Grants Commission, Nepal (UGC-N) to support for impactful research. UGC-N requires grantees to publish research results as journal articles. We reviewed papers published through UGC-N funded research projects over a 10-year period (2008-2018) to assess the trends of article publication in terms of frequency and quality (based on journal impact factor and SCImago journal ranking). At most, 17% projects (n=325) had publications and the ma...
Source: Accountability in Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Paudel PK, Giri B, Dhakal S Tags: Account Res Source Type: research

Examining the asymmetric effects of globalization and tourism on pollution emissions in South Asia.
Abstract The asymmetrical impacts of globalization and tourism on pollution emissions of 5 South Asian countries for the period from 1980 to 2018 are examined through a non-linear autoregressive distributed lag (NARDL) technique, which shows that both short and long-run coefficients are asymmetric. The findings suggest that positive and negative shocks in globalization affect carbon emissions differently in the case of Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan, while similar results are found in the case of Nepal and Sri Lanka in the long run. Furthermore, positive tourism shock, in the long run, ameliorates the environment...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - May 12, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chishti MZ, Ullah S, Ozturk I, Usman A Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, and Anthelmintic Activities of Medicinal Plants of Nepal Selected Based on Ethnobotanical Evidence.
Conclusions: In countries like Nepal, with a high burden of infectious and parasitic diseases, and a current health system unable to combat the burden of diseases, evaluation of local plants as a treatment or potential source of drugs can help expand treatment options. Screening plants against a broad range of pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites) will support bioprospecting in Nepal, which may eventually lead to new drug development. PMID: 32382275 [PubMed] (Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine)
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - May 10, 2020 Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research

Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase (ESBL) Genotypes among Multidrug-Resistant Uropathogenic Escherichia coli Clinical Isolates from a Teaching Hospital of Nepal.
In this study, we aimed to investigate the burden of antimicrobial resistance and occurrence of ESBL genes among clinical isolates of uropathogenic Escherichia coli at a tertiary care teaching hospital of Nepal. During the study period, we processed a total of 1,626 urinary tract specimens, isolated significant bacterial pathogens, and investigated their antimicrobial susceptibilities. Escherichia coli (n = 154), the predominant pathogen associated with UTI, was further investigated for the existence of ESBL enzymes by using conventional phenotypic as well as molecular approaches. Among suspected cases of UTI...
Source: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases - May 9, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis Source Type: research

Current Scenario of Postcholecystectomy Bile Leak and Bile Duct Injury at a Tertiary Care Referral Centre of Nepal.
Conclusion: With the adoption of a safe culture of cholecystectomy, the major bile duct injury rate has decreased currently. Repair of bile duct injury by experienced hepatobiliary surgeon results in excellent outcome. PMID: 32373362 [PubMed] (Source: Minimally Invasive Surgery)
Source: Minimally Invasive Surgery - May 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Tags: Minim Invasive Surg Source Type: research

Physical and chemical characteristics of soils in Ephedra gerardiana and E. pachyclada habitats of Kali Gandaki Valley in Central Nepal
AbstractIn the Kali Gandaki Valley in Central Nepal,Ephedra gerardiana andE. pachyclada show species specificity for physical and chemical characteristics of soils. Here, the relationship between soil characteristics and ephedrine and pseudoephedrine contents was examined.E. gerardiana grew in moist alpine scrub and upper alpine meadow from 3735 to 4156  m a.s.l., whileE. pachyclada grew in the lowerCaragana steppe and dry alpine scrub from 2629 to 3671  m a.s.l. The soil texture ofE. gerardiana andE. pachyclada collection sites were classified as loam or sandy loam mainly composed of sand and silt. Loss on ignit...
Source: Journal of Natural Medicines - May 8, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Epidemiology of neonatal infections in hospitals of Nepal: evidence from a large- scale study
AbstractBackgroundEvery year, neonatal infections account for approximately 750,000 neonatal deaths globally. It is the third major cause of neonatal death, globally and in Nepal. There is a paucity of data on clinical aetiology and outcomes of neonatal infection in Nepal. This paper aims to assess the incidence and risk factors of neonatal infection in babies born in public hospitals of Nepal.MethodsThis is a prospective cohort study conducted for a period of 14  months, nested within a large-scale cluster randomized control trial which evaluated the Helping Babies Breathe Quality Improvement package in 12 public h...
Source: Archives of Public Health - May 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Medico-legal autopsies of homicidal deaths: A five-year retrospective study in Hospital Sungai Buloh.
CONCLUSIONS: A large number of immigrants in the country have significantly increased the forensic casework. Sharp and blunt objects continue to be the weapon of choice due to its easy accessibility. As domestic violence including fatal spousal and child abuse continue to rise, in-depth study in the area is warranted. PMID: 32342932 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Malaysian Journal of Pathology)
Source: Malaysian Journal of Pathology - April 30, 2020 Category: Pathology Tags: Malays J Pathol Source Type: research

Endovascular management of acute ischaemic stroke in Nepal
Publication date: May 2020Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 8, Issue 5Author(s): Subash Phuyal, Raju Poudel, Gentle S Shrestha, Kapil Dawadi, Vivek K Rauniyar, Lekhjung Thapa, Rupendra B Adhikari, Amit Thapa, Gopal Sedain, Subhash P Acharya, Pankaj Jalan, Chakra R Pandey (Source: The Lancet Global Health)
Source: The Lancet Global Health - April 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cervical Cancer and Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Awareness Among Married Bhutanese Refugee and Nepali Women in Eastern Nepal
This study examined the sexually transmitted infections (STIs), cervical cancer, and human papillomavirus virus (HPV) vaccine-related awareness  and knowledge among married Bhutanese refugee and Nepali women living in eastern Nepal. Participants were recruited from a women’s health camp in Jhapa District in eastern Nepal. A demographic and health survey with questions on STIs, cervical cancer and HPV vaccine was administered to consenti ng participants. Women who were born in Bhutan or living in the United Nations administered refugee camps were classified as Bhutanese. Of the 630 participants, 14.3% of par...
Source: Journal of Community Health - April 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Methodological issues on “challenges and opportunities towards the road of universal health coverage (UHC) in Nepal: a systematic review”
AbstractSystematic reviews adhere to the principle that science is cumulative and attempt to identify all empirical evidence in accordance with pre-determined eligibility criteria to answer a specific research question. Therefore, in order to achieve reliable findings, these studies must use an explicit method, as they are increasingly used to guide political decision and the direction of future research.  We would like to thank the authors Chhabi Lal Ranabhat et al., for the article “Challenges and opportunities towards the road of universal health coverage (UHC) in Nepal: a systematic review”. Although t...
Source: Archives of Public Health - April 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Methodological issues on ‘challenges and opportunities towards the road of universal health coverage (UHC) in Nepal: a systematic review’
AbstractChallenges and opportunities towards the road of universal health coverage (UHC) in Nepal: a systematic review ’ is a policy review paper and we published in BMC – Archives of Public Health. Policy research is the process of conducting research, analysis of, a fundamental social problem in order to provide policymakers with pragmatic, action-oriented recommendations for alleviating the problem. The objec tive of this paper is to illustrate some methodological issues used in that paper. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - April 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Renegotiating gender roles and cultivation practices in the Nepali mid-hills: unpacking the feminization of agriculture
AbstractThe feminization of agriculture narrative has been reproduced in development literature as an oversimplified metric of empowerment through changes in women ’s labor and managerial roles with little attention to individuals’ heterogeneous livelihoods. Grounded in feminist political ecology (FPE), we sought to critically understand how labor and managerial feminization interact with changing agricultural practices. Working with a local NGO as part of an international, donor-funded research-for-development project, we conducted semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, and participant observatio...
Source: Agriculture and Human Values - April 28, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Open pleural decortication for the late stage empyema thoracis in children: a retrospective observational study from a tertiary hospital of eastern Nepal.
Abstract The management of late-stage empyema thoracis requires surgical intervention. We performed a retrospective descriptive analysis of open pleural decortication for late stage empyema thoracis in 55 children (age ≤ 15 years; median age = 6 years; age range = 1-15 years; 40 [72.7%] boys) over 42 months. The median time to thoracotomy from the onset of symptoms was 24 days, and the median duration of hospital stay before and after surgery was 15 and 4 days, respectively. Three (5.5%) patients had necrotising pneumonia, requiring debridement; 4 (7.3%) patients had su...
Source: Tropical Doctor - April 28, 2020 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Jaiswal LS, Pandit N, Sah B, Prasad JN Tags: Trop Doct Source Type: research

Evaluation of Proactive Community Case Detection to Increase Help Seeking for Mental Health Care: A Pragmatic Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: The median number of patients registered as having a mental illness was 47% greater at primary care facilities in which community health volunteers used the CIDT than at facilities where volunteers received standard training. Proactive case finding holds promise for increasing help seeking for mental health care. PMID: 32321389 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatric Services)
Source: Psychiatric Services - April 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Serv Source Type: research

Distribution and pyrethroid resistance status of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus populations and possible phylogenetic reasons for the recent invasion of Aedes aegypti in Nepal
When the first systematic list of mosquitoes in Nepal was reported in 1990, there was no description of Aedes aegypti (L.), while Aedes albopictus (Skuse) has been included in the Stegomyia subgroup since the 195... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 22, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Hitoshi Kawada, Kyoko Futami, Yukiko Higa, Ganesh Rai, Takashi Suzuki and Shiba Kumar Rai Tags: Research Source Type: research

Changes in Urinary Microalbumin Levels after Correction of Hyperuricemia in Patients with Gout: An Observational Cohort Study.
Conclusions: There is significant reduction in MAU after the use of urate-lowering drugs in patients with gout. PMID: 32308689 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Rheumatology)
Source: International Journal of Rheumatology - April 21, 2020 Category: Rheumatology Tags: Int J Rheumatol Source Type: research

Stray dogs in Nepal have high prevalence of vector-borne pathogens: a molecular survey
Population of stray dogs is significant in large cities of Nepal, such as Kathmandu. Most of stray dogs suffer a lack of basic health care. Considering the clinical relevance, the broad distribution and the la... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 21, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: David D íaz-Regañón, Beatriz Agulla, Bidur Piya, Natalia Fernández-Ruiz, Alejandra Villaescusa, Mercedes García-Sancho, Fernando Rodríguez-Franco and Ángel Sainz Tags: Short report Source Type: research