Accelerating towards human African trypanosomiasis elimination: Issues and opportunities
This study reviews various control measures, progress and a highlight of control issues, vector and parasite barriers that may have been hindering progress towards its elimination.PMID:34290154 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310860 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kingsley Uchenna Ozioko Chris Ikem Okoye Rose Nduka Obiezue Idika Kalu Idika Raymond Agbu Awudu Bede Izuchukwu Ezewudo Celestine Osita Ezea Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the United States: A literature review
CONCLUSION: These data highlight the importance of early treatment, and add to our understanding of long-term sequelae. Early recognition by providers will facilitate appropriate treatment and reduction in morbidity and mortality.PMID:34290155 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310863 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Riley Jay Paige A Armstrong Source Type: research

Epidemiological survey on Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in southwestern Iran
CONCLUSION: Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis due to L. major prevailed in this area. The common and the main vector was Ph. papatasi and, T. indica seems to be the main while N. indica as a secondary reservoir host of the disease in this area.PMID:34290156 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310861 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ameneh Karimi Elham Jahanifard Mohammad Reza Abai Yavar Rassi Arshad Veysi Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd Mostafa Hosseini Zahra Saeidi Mahdieh Tavakoli Mehdi Maleki Reza Jafari Abdul Rahman Hejazi Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi Amir Ahmad Akhavan Source Type: research

Hidden biodiversity revealed by DNA barcoding in black fly genus < em > Simulium < /em >
CONCLUSION: Our results confirmed that DNA barcoding was a powerful tool for revealing hidden species diversity of black flies. Further work is needed to reveal ambiguous species delimitation in some problematic species groups.PMID:34290157 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310862 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zhang Ruiling Zhang Zhong Source Type: research

Mitochondrial- < em > COII < /em > sequence polymorphism reflects spatial genetic clustering of < em > Anopheles culicifacies < /em > sibling species E in Sri Lanka
CONCLUSION: Existence of genetic variants among sibling species is suggested in Sri Lanka. Further, the pattern of sibling species identification in BCE-PCR was reflected in the spatial clustering of sibling E in Sri Lanka.PMID:34290158 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310864 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Iresha N Harischandra Ranil S Dassanayake B G D N K de Silva Source Type: research

Scrub typhus in Puducherry, India: Application of nested PCR targeting three different genes - 56 kDa, 47 kDa and groEL of < em > Orientia tsutsugamushi < /em > and comparison with ST IgM ELISA
CONCLUSION: Compared to IgM ELISA, sensitivity of three PCRs was 30, 51.43 and 61.43% for 56 kDa, 47 kDa and groEL targets, respectively. Since IgM ELISA positivity can persist up to one year, PCR confirms ST diagnosis in the acute phase of the illness, in the presence of IgM and even before IgM appears. Inclusion of all three genes - 56 kDa, 47 kDa and groEL, instead of a single 56 kDa target, identifies and confirms maximum number of ST patients.PMID:34290159 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310866 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Velmurugan Anitharaj Selvaraj Stephen Pooja Pratheesh Source Type: research

Genetic characterization of < em > Aedes aegypti < /em > (Diptera: Culicidae) in Sri Lanka based on < em > COI < /em > gene
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that Sri Lanka has undergone multiple invasions of Ae. aegypti from various parts of the world over an extensive period. Further, the mosquito control campaigns had not caused a significant effect on the Ae. aegypti populations which is existing in mutation-drift equilibrium.PMID:34290160 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310871 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: H A K M Dharmarathne O V D S J Weerasena K L N S Perera G H Galhena Source Type: research

Changing clinico-epidemiology of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) in India: Results of a survey in four endemic states
CONCLUSION: PKDL treatment interruption should be reduced through ensuring drug supply and timely retrieval of patients. Directly observed treatment should be implemented and combination regimen should be explored to improve final cure rate. Delivery of financial incentive to PKDL patients and counselling and contraception to women of reproductive age group should be improved.PMID:34290161 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310875 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Suman Saurabh Pritam Roy Dhruv K Pandey Dipanjan Ray Shourabh Tarak Rajesh Pandey Dileep Kumar Sarosh Jamil Anand Paulraj Amarendra Kumar Siddhartha Dutta Source Type: research

Comparison of the antimalarial activity of a Colombian traditional Uitoto remedy with laboratory preparations
J Vector Borne Dis. 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):170-175. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.310868.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: In Colombian Amazonia, Uitoto indigenous people use a preparation of Curarea toxicofera (Menispermaceae) to prevent and treat malaria. To open the way for the production of a standardized herbal remedy, we compared the activity of the traditional preparation with laboratory preparations.METHODS: People were interviewed on their mode of use and preparation of what is considered the best remedy against fevers in this area. The herbal remedy was prepared according to the healer's recommendations. The plant was al...
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zully Johana Rodriguez Yinneth Victoria Rodr íguez Jos é Octavio García Mar ía Helena Arias Eric Deharo Giovanny Garavito Source Type: research

Prevalence of dengue vectors, larval breeding habitats, Stegomyia indices and their correlation with dengue cases in urban and rural areas of Punjab, India
CONCLUSION: This is the first detailed study of prevalence of dengue mosquito vectors in Punjab showing the presence of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus in both urban and rural areas of the state, thereby demonstrating wide distribution of this vector. Different breeding habitats identified in the study should be subjected to targeted intervention such as source reduction in order to achieve effective control of dengue cases.PMID:34290163 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.313966 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Seema Devi Taruna Kaura Jaspreet Kaur None Lovleen Jaspreet Takkar S K Sharma G S Grover Source Type: research

Malaria radical cure opportunity assessment in India: Discussing opportunities through stakeholder convening workshop and recommendation for improved access to malaria treatment
This report discusses the background, objectives, implementation strategies, and next steps that came out of the Stakeholder Workshop on Malaria Radical Cure in New Delhi, India on 4 February 2019. The focus was to understand the risks and opportunities associated with access to best clinical practices for managing vivax malaria in India. A key outcome was to propose a framework for articulating and segmenting important investment opportunities for improving access to best clinical practices for P. vivax radical cure in India.PMID:34290164 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310865 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rajiv Tandon Evan Spark-DePass Abhijit Sharma Emily Gerth-Guyette Laurence Slutsker Penny Grewal Daumerie Gonzalo J Domingo Panayota Bird Neha Agarwal Source Type: research

Human < em > Rickettsia felis < /em > infection in India
J Vector Borne Dis. 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):187-188. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.310873.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34290165 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310873 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Siraj A Khan Trishna Bora Allen L Richards Source Type: research

Kinetics of immune response to < em > Francisella tularensis < /em > and < em > Borrelia burgdorferi < /em > in a 10-year-old girl with oculoglandular form of tularemia after a tick bite: A case report
J Vector Borne Dis. 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):189-192. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.310870.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34290166 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310870 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Waldemar Rastawicki Tomasz Chmielewski Joanna Łasecka-Zadrożna Source Type: research

Acute myocardial infarction associated with severe < em > Plasmodium vivax < /em > malaria
J Vector Borne Dis. 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):193-196. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.310872.ABSTRACTMalaria is still a major public health problem, even after many preventive strategies. Plasmodium vivax is also a major health concern now due to the addition of new unusual manifestations day by day in its clinical profile. Herewith, we report a case of a 15-yr-old male of severe P. vivax malaria (complicated with thrombocytopenia, hepatitis, acute lung injury, and shock), who developed chest pain. Later, he was confirmed to have acute myocardial infarction based on electrocardiography, cardiac enzymes, and echocardiography. PubMed and G...
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: A Dinkar J Singh S Singh Source Type: research

Accelerating towards human African trypanosomiasis elimination: Issues and opportunities
This study reviews various control measures, progress and a highlight of control issues, vector and parasite barriers that may have been hindering progress towards its elimination.PMID:34290154 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310860 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kingsley Uchenna Ozioko Chris Ikem Okoye Rose Nduka Obiezue Idika Kalu Idika Raymond Agbu Awudu Bede Izuchukwu Ezewudo Celestine Osita Ezea Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the United States: A literature review
CONCLUSION: These data highlight the importance of early treatment, and add to our understanding of long-term sequelae. Early recognition by providers will facilitate appropriate treatment and reduction in morbidity and mortality.PMID:34290155 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310863 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Riley Jay Paige A Armstrong Source Type: research

Epidemiological survey on Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in southwestern Iran
CONCLUSION: Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis due to L. major prevailed in this area. The common and the main vector was Ph. papatasi and, T. indica seems to be the main while N. indica as a secondary reservoir host of the disease in this area.PMID:34290156 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310861 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ameneh Karimi Elham Jahanifard Mohammad Reza Abai Yavar Rassi Arshad Veysi Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd Mostafa Hosseini Zahra Saeidi Mahdieh Tavakoli Mehdi Maleki Reza Jafari Abdul Rahman Hejazi Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi Amir Ahmad Akhavan Source Type: research

Hidden biodiversity revealed by DNA barcoding in black fly genus < em > Simulium < /em >
CONCLUSION: Our results confirmed that DNA barcoding was a powerful tool for revealing hidden species diversity of black flies. Further work is needed to reveal ambiguous species delimitation in some problematic species groups.PMID:34290157 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310862 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zhang Ruiling Zhang Zhong Source Type: research

Mitochondrial- < em > COII < /em > sequence polymorphism reflects spatial genetic clustering of < em > Anopheles culicifacies < /em > sibling species E in Sri Lanka
CONCLUSION: Existence of genetic variants among sibling species is suggested in Sri Lanka. Further, the pattern of sibling species identification in BCE-PCR was reflected in the spatial clustering of sibling E in Sri Lanka.PMID:34290158 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310864 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Iresha N Harischandra Ranil S Dassanayake B G D N K de Silva Source Type: research

Scrub typhus in Puducherry, India: Application of nested PCR targeting three different genes - 56 kDa, 47 kDa and groEL of < em > Orientia tsutsugamushi < /em > and comparison with ST IgM ELISA
CONCLUSION: Compared to IgM ELISA, sensitivity of three PCRs was 30, 51.43 and 61.43% for 56 kDa, 47 kDa and groEL targets, respectively. Since IgM ELISA positivity can persist up to one year, PCR confirms ST diagnosis in the acute phase of the illness, in the presence of IgM and even before IgM appears. Inclusion of all three genes - 56 kDa, 47 kDa and groEL, instead of a single 56 kDa target, identifies and confirms maximum number of ST patients.PMID:34290159 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310866 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Velmurugan Anitharaj Selvaraj Stephen Pooja Pratheesh Source Type: research

Genetic characterization of < em > Aedes aegypti < /em > (Diptera: Culicidae) in Sri Lanka based on < em > COI < /em > gene
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that Sri Lanka has undergone multiple invasions of Ae. aegypti from various parts of the world over an extensive period. Further, the mosquito control campaigns had not caused a significant effect on the Ae. aegypti populations which is existing in mutation-drift equilibrium.PMID:34290160 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310871 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: H A K M Dharmarathne O V D S J Weerasena K L N S Perera G H Galhena Source Type: research

Changing clinico-epidemiology of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) in India: Results of a survey in four endemic states
CONCLUSION: PKDL treatment interruption should be reduced through ensuring drug supply and timely retrieval of patients. Directly observed treatment should be implemented and combination regimen should be explored to improve final cure rate. Delivery of financial incentive to PKDL patients and counselling and contraception to women of reproductive age group should be improved.PMID:34290161 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310875 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Suman Saurabh Pritam Roy Dhruv K Pandey Dipanjan Ray Shourabh Tarak Rajesh Pandey Dileep Kumar Sarosh Jamil Anand Paulraj Amarendra Kumar Siddhartha Dutta Source Type: research

Comparison of the antimalarial activity of a Colombian traditional Uitoto remedy with laboratory preparations
J Vector Borne Dis. 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):170-175. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.310868.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: In Colombian Amazonia, Uitoto indigenous people use a preparation of Curarea toxicofera (Menispermaceae) to prevent and treat malaria. To open the way for the production of a standardized herbal remedy, we compared the activity of the traditional preparation with laboratory preparations.METHODS: People were interviewed on their mode of use and preparation of what is considered the best remedy against fevers in this area. The herbal remedy was prepared according to the healer's recommendations. The plant was al...
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zully Johana Rodriguez Yinneth Victoria Rodr íguez Jos é Octavio García Mar ía Helena Arias Eric Deharo Giovanny Garavito Source Type: research

Prevalence of dengue vectors, larval breeding habitats, Stegomyia indices and their correlation with dengue cases in urban and rural areas of Punjab, India
CONCLUSION: This is the first detailed study of prevalence of dengue mosquito vectors in Punjab showing the presence of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus in both urban and rural areas of the state, thereby demonstrating wide distribution of this vector. Different breeding habitats identified in the study should be subjected to targeted intervention such as source reduction in order to achieve effective control of dengue cases.PMID:34290163 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.313966 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Seema Devi Taruna Kaura Jaspreet Kaur None Lovleen Jaspreet Takkar S K Sharma G S Grover Source Type: research

Malaria radical cure opportunity assessment in India: Discussing opportunities through stakeholder convening workshop and recommendation for improved access to malaria treatment
This report discusses the background, objectives, implementation strategies, and next steps that came out of the Stakeholder Workshop on Malaria Radical Cure in New Delhi, India on 4 February 2019. The focus was to understand the risks and opportunities associated with access to best clinical practices for managing vivax malaria in India. A key outcome was to propose a framework for articulating and segmenting important investment opportunities for improving access to best clinical practices for P. vivax radical cure in India.PMID:34290164 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310865 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rajiv Tandon Evan Spark-DePass Abhijit Sharma Emily Gerth-Guyette Laurence Slutsker Penny Grewal Daumerie Gonzalo J Domingo Panayota Bird Neha Agarwal Source Type: research

Human < em > Rickettsia felis < /em > infection in India
J Vector Borne Dis. 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):187-188. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.310873.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34290165 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310873 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Siraj A Khan Trishna Bora Allen L Richards Source Type: research

Kinetics of immune response to < em > Francisella tularensis < /em > and < em > Borrelia burgdorferi < /em > in a 10-year-old girl with oculoglandular form of tularemia after a tick bite: A case report
J Vector Borne Dis. 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):189-192. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.310870.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34290166 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310870 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Waldemar Rastawicki Tomasz Chmielewski Joanna Łasecka-Zadrożna Source Type: research

Acute myocardial infarction associated with severe < em > Plasmodium vivax < /em > malaria
J Vector Borne Dis. 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):193-196. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.310872.ABSTRACTMalaria is still a major public health problem, even after many preventive strategies. Plasmodium vivax is also a major health concern now due to the addition of new unusual manifestations day by day in its clinical profile. Herewith, we report a case of a 15-yr-old male of severe P. vivax malaria (complicated with thrombocytopenia, hepatitis, acute lung injury, and shock), who developed chest pain. Later, he was confirmed to have acute myocardial infarction based on electrocardiography, cardiac enzymes, and echocardiography. PubMed and G...
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: A Dinkar J Singh S Singh Source Type: research

Accelerating towards human African trypanosomiasis elimination: Issues and opportunities
This study reviews various control measures, progress and a highlight of control issues, vector and parasite barriers that may have been hindering progress towards its elimination.PMID:34290154 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310860 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kingsley Uchenna Ozioko Chris Ikem Okoye Rose Nduka Obiezue Idika Kalu Idika Raymond Agbu Awudu Bede Izuchukwu Ezewudo Celestine Osita Ezea Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the United States: A literature review
CONCLUSION: These data highlight the importance of early treatment, and add to our understanding of long-term sequelae. Early recognition by providers will facilitate appropriate treatment and reduction in morbidity and mortality.PMID:34290155 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310863 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Riley Jay Paige A Armstrong Source Type: research

Epidemiological survey on Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in southwestern Iran
CONCLUSION: Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis due to L. major prevailed in this area. The common and the main vector was Ph. papatasi and, T. indica seems to be the main while N. indica as a secondary reservoir host of the disease in this area.PMID:34290156 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310861 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ameneh Karimi Elham Jahanifard Mohammad Reza Abai Yavar Rassi Arshad Veysi Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd Mostafa Hosseini Zahra Saeidi Mahdieh Tavakoli Mehdi Maleki Reza Jafari Abdul Rahman Hejazi Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi Amir Ahmad Akhavan Source Type: research

Hidden biodiversity revealed by DNA barcoding in black fly genus < em > Simulium < /em >
CONCLUSION: Our results confirmed that DNA barcoding was a powerful tool for revealing hidden species diversity of black flies. Further work is needed to reveal ambiguous species delimitation in some problematic species groups.PMID:34290157 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310862 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zhang Ruiling Zhang Zhong Source Type: research

Mitochondrial- < em > COII < /em > sequence polymorphism reflects spatial genetic clustering of < em > Anopheles culicifacies < /em > sibling species E in Sri Lanka
CONCLUSION: Existence of genetic variants among sibling species is suggested in Sri Lanka. Further, the pattern of sibling species identification in BCE-PCR was reflected in the spatial clustering of sibling E in Sri Lanka.PMID:34290158 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310864 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Iresha N Harischandra Ranil S Dassanayake B G D N K de Silva Source Type: research

Scrub typhus in Puducherry, India: Application of nested PCR targeting three different genes - 56 kDa, 47 kDa and groEL of < em > Orientia tsutsugamushi < /em > and comparison with ST IgM ELISA
CONCLUSION: Compared to IgM ELISA, sensitivity of three PCRs was 30, 51.43 and 61.43% for 56 kDa, 47 kDa and groEL targets, respectively. Since IgM ELISA positivity can persist up to one year, PCR confirms ST diagnosis in the acute phase of the illness, in the presence of IgM and even before IgM appears. Inclusion of all three genes - 56 kDa, 47 kDa and groEL, instead of a single 56 kDa target, identifies and confirms maximum number of ST patients.PMID:34290159 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310866 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Velmurugan Anitharaj Selvaraj Stephen Pooja Pratheesh Source Type: research

Genetic characterization of < em > Aedes aegypti < /em > (Diptera: Culicidae) in Sri Lanka based on < em > COI < /em > gene
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that Sri Lanka has undergone multiple invasions of Ae. aegypti from various parts of the world over an extensive period. Further, the mosquito control campaigns had not caused a significant effect on the Ae. aegypti populations which is existing in mutation-drift equilibrium.PMID:34290160 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310871 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: H A K M Dharmarathne O V D S J Weerasena K L N S Perera G H Galhena Source Type: research

Changing clinico-epidemiology of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) in India: Results of a survey in four endemic states
CONCLUSION: PKDL treatment interruption should be reduced through ensuring drug supply and timely retrieval of patients. Directly observed treatment should be implemented and combination regimen should be explored to improve final cure rate. Delivery of financial incentive to PKDL patients and counselling and contraception to women of reproductive age group should be improved.PMID:34290161 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310875 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Suman Saurabh Pritam Roy Dhruv K Pandey Dipanjan Ray Shourabh Tarak Rajesh Pandey Dileep Kumar Sarosh Jamil Anand Paulraj Amarendra Kumar Siddhartha Dutta Source Type: research

Comparison of the antimalarial activity of a Colombian traditional Uitoto remedy with laboratory preparations
J Vector Borne Dis. 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):170-175. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.310868.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: In Colombian Amazonia, Uitoto indigenous people use a preparation of Curarea toxicofera (Menispermaceae) to prevent and treat malaria. To open the way for the production of a standardized herbal remedy, we compared the activity of the traditional preparation with laboratory preparations.METHODS: People were interviewed on their mode of use and preparation of what is considered the best remedy against fevers in this area. The herbal remedy was prepared according to the healer's recommendations. The plant was al...
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zully Johana Rodriguez Yinneth Victoria Rodr íguez Jos é Octavio García Mar ía Helena Arias Eric Deharo Giovanny Garavito Source Type: research

Prevalence of dengue vectors, larval breeding habitats, Stegomyia indices and their correlation with dengue cases in urban and rural areas of Punjab, India
CONCLUSION: This is the first detailed study of prevalence of dengue mosquito vectors in Punjab showing the presence of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus in both urban and rural areas of the state, thereby demonstrating wide distribution of this vector. Different breeding habitats identified in the study should be subjected to targeted intervention such as source reduction in order to achieve effective control of dengue cases.PMID:34290163 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.313966 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Seema Devi Taruna Kaura Jaspreet Kaur None Lovleen Jaspreet Takkar S K Sharma G S Grover Source Type: research

Malaria radical cure opportunity assessment in India: Discussing opportunities through stakeholder convening workshop and recommendation for improved access to malaria treatment
This report discusses the background, objectives, implementation strategies, and next steps that came out of the Stakeholder Workshop on Malaria Radical Cure in New Delhi, India on 4 February 2019. The focus was to understand the risks and opportunities associated with access to best clinical practices for managing vivax malaria in India. A key outcome was to propose a framework for articulating and segmenting important investment opportunities for improving access to best clinical practices for P. vivax radical cure in India.PMID:34290164 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310865 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rajiv Tandon Evan Spark-DePass Abhijit Sharma Emily Gerth-Guyette Laurence Slutsker Penny Grewal Daumerie Gonzalo J Domingo Panayota Bird Neha Agarwal Source Type: research

Human < em > Rickettsia felis < /em > infection in India
J Vector Borne Dis. 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):187-188. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.310873.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34290165 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310873 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Siraj A Khan Trishna Bora Allen L Richards Source Type: research

Kinetics of immune response to < em > Francisella tularensis < /em > and < em > Borrelia burgdorferi < /em > in a 10-year-old girl with oculoglandular form of tularemia after a tick bite: A case report
J Vector Borne Dis. 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):189-192. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.310870.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34290166 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310870 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Waldemar Rastawicki Tomasz Chmielewski Joanna Łasecka-Zadrożna Source Type: research

Acute myocardial infarction associated with severe < em > Plasmodium vivax < /em > malaria
J Vector Borne Dis. 2020 Apr-Jun;57(2):193-196. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.310872.ABSTRACTMalaria is still a major public health problem, even after many preventive strategies. Plasmodium vivax is also a major health concern now due to the addition of new unusual manifestations day by day in its clinical profile. Herewith, we report a case of a 15-yr-old male of severe P. vivax malaria (complicated with thrombocytopenia, hepatitis, acute lung injury, and shock), who developed chest pain. Later, he was confirmed to have acute myocardial infarction based on electrocardiography, cardiac enzymes, and echocardiography. PubMed and G...
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: A Dinkar J Singh S Singh Source Type: research

Accelerating towards human African trypanosomiasis elimination: Issues and opportunities
This study reviews various control measures, progress and a highlight of control issues, vector and parasite barriers that may have been hindering progress towards its elimination.PMID:34290154 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310860 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kingsley Uchenna Ozioko Chris Ikem Okoye Rose Nduka Obiezue Idika Kalu Idika Raymond Agbu Awudu Bede Izuchukwu Ezewudo Celestine Osita Ezea Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the United States: A literature review
CONCLUSION: These data highlight the importance of early treatment, and add to our understanding of long-term sequelae. Early recognition by providers will facilitate appropriate treatment and reduction in morbidity and mortality.PMID:34290155 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310863 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Riley Jay Paige A Armstrong Source Type: research

Epidemiological survey on Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in southwestern Iran
CONCLUSION: Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis due to L. major prevailed in this area. The common and the main vector was Ph. papatasi and, T. indica seems to be the main while N. indica as a secondary reservoir host of the disease in this area.PMID:34290156 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310861 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ameneh Karimi Elham Jahanifard Mohammad Reza Abai Yavar Rassi Arshad Veysi Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd Mostafa Hosseini Zahra Saeidi Mahdieh Tavakoli Mehdi Maleki Reza Jafari Abdul Rahman Hejazi Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi Amir Ahmad Akhavan Source Type: research

Hidden biodiversity revealed by DNA barcoding in black fly genus < em > Simulium < /em >
CONCLUSION: Our results confirmed that DNA barcoding was a powerful tool for revealing hidden species diversity of black flies. Further work is needed to reveal ambiguous species delimitation in some problematic species groups.PMID:34290157 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310862 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zhang Ruiling Zhang Zhong Source Type: research

Mitochondrial- < em > COII < /em > sequence polymorphism reflects spatial genetic clustering of < em > Anopheles culicifacies < /em > sibling species E in Sri Lanka
CONCLUSION: Existence of genetic variants among sibling species is suggested in Sri Lanka. Further, the pattern of sibling species identification in BCE-PCR was reflected in the spatial clustering of sibling E in Sri Lanka.PMID:34290158 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310864 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Iresha N Harischandra Ranil S Dassanayake B G D N K de Silva Source Type: research

Scrub typhus in Puducherry, India: Application of nested PCR targeting three different genes - 56 kDa, 47 kDa and groEL of < em > Orientia tsutsugamushi < /em > and comparison with ST IgM ELISA
CONCLUSION: Compared to IgM ELISA, sensitivity of three PCRs was 30, 51.43 and 61.43% for 56 kDa, 47 kDa and groEL targets, respectively. Since IgM ELISA positivity can persist up to one year, PCR confirms ST diagnosis in the acute phase of the illness, in the presence of IgM and even before IgM appears. Inclusion of all three genes - 56 kDa, 47 kDa and groEL, instead of a single 56 kDa target, identifies and confirms maximum number of ST patients.PMID:34290159 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310866 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Velmurugan Anitharaj Selvaraj Stephen Pooja Pratheesh Source Type: research

Genetic characterization of < em > Aedes aegypti < /em > (Diptera: Culicidae) in Sri Lanka based on < em > COI < /em > gene
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that Sri Lanka has undergone multiple invasions of Ae. aegypti from various parts of the world over an extensive period. Further, the mosquito control campaigns had not caused a significant effect on the Ae. aegypti populations which is existing in mutation-drift equilibrium.PMID:34290160 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310871 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: H A K M Dharmarathne O V D S J Weerasena K L N S Perera G H Galhena Source Type: research

Changing clinico-epidemiology of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) in India: Results of a survey in four endemic states
CONCLUSION: PKDL treatment interruption should be reduced through ensuring drug supply and timely retrieval of patients. Directly observed treatment should be implemented and combination regimen should be explored to improve final cure rate. Delivery of financial incentive to PKDL patients and counselling and contraception to women of reproductive age group should be improved.PMID:34290161 | DOI:10.4103/0972-9062.310875 (Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases)
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - July 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Suman Saurabh Pritam Roy Dhruv K Pandey Dipanjan Ray Shourabh Tarak Rajesh Pandey Dileep Kumar Sarosh Jamil Anand Paulraj Amarendra Kumar Siddhartha Dutta Source Type: research