Perceived psychosocial health and its sociodemographic correlates in times of the COVID-19 pandemic: a community-based online study in China
ConclusionsMore than one-third of the participants reported worsening in the experience of hopelessness and loneliness, with more than two-fifth of worsening depression during the pandemic compared with before the outbreak. Several socioeconomic and lifestyle factors were found to be associated with the outcome variables, most notably participants' marital status, household income, smoking, alcohol drinking, existing chronic conditions. These findings may be of significance to treat patients and help them recover from the pandemic. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - October 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Differences and similarities of high-resolution computed tomography features between pneumocystis pneumonia and cytomegalovirus pneumonia in AIDS patients
AbstractBackgroundAccurately differentiating pneumocystis from cytomegalovirus pneumonia is crucial for correct therapy selection in AIDS patients. Hence, the goal of this study was to compare the computerized tomography (CT) features of pneumocystis pneumonia and cytomegalovirus pneumonia in AIDS patients and identify clinical hallmarks to accurately distinguish these two pathologies.MethodsA total of 112 AIDS patients (78 with pneumocystis pneumonia and 34 cytomegalovirus pneumonia) at Beijing Ditan Hospital from January 2017 to May 2019 were included in this study. Two experienced chest radiologists retrospectively revi...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - October 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Correlates of HIV self-testing among female sex workers in China: implications for expanding HIV screening
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that HIV self-testing could expand overall HIV testing uptake, increase HIV testing frequency, reach sub-groups of high-risk female sex workers and has limited potential harms among female sex workers. HIV self-testing should be incorporated among Chinese female sex workers as a complement to facility-based HIV testing services. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - October 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Quantification and correlates of tuberculosis stigma along the tuberculosis testing and treatment cascades in South Africa: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsTB stigma interventions should be developed for TB presumptives, as stigma may increase initial-loss-to-follow up. Given that stigma may be driven by numerous factors throughout the TB cascade, adaptive stigma reduction interventions may be required. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - October 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Spatial and spatio-temporal analysis of malaria cases in Zimbabwe
AbstractBackgroundAlthough effective treatment for malaria is now available, approximately half of the global population remain at risk of the disease particularly in developing countries. To design effective malaria control strategies there is need to understand the pattern of malaria heterogeneity in an area. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to explore the spatial and spatio-temporal pattern of malaria cases in Zimbabwe based on malaria data aggregated at district level from 2011 to 2016.MethodsGeographical information system (GIS) and spatial scan statistic were applied on passive malaria data collected f...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - October 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Costs incurred by patients with drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis in semi-urban and rural settings of Western India
ConclusionsTreatment completion was high and the costs incurred by TB patients were low in this setting. However, negative financial consequences occur even in low-cost settings. The role of universal cash transfer programs in such settings requires further study. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - October 19, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Compare the epidemiological and clinical features of imported and local COVID-19 cases in Hainan, China
We described the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 in Hainan and compared these features between imported and local cases to provide information for other international epidemic areas.MethodsWe included 91 patients (56 imported and 35 local cases) from two designated hospitals for COVID-19 in Haikou, China, from January 20 to February 19, 2020. Data on the demographic, epidemiological, clinical and laboratory characteristics were extracted from medical records. Patients were followed until April 21, 2020, and the levels of antibodies at the follow-ups were also analysed by the Wilcoxon matched-pairs ...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - October 19, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Human distribution and spatial-temporal clustering analysis of human brucellosis in China from 2012 to 2016
ConclusionsHuman brucellosis remains a widespread challenge, particularly in northern China. The clustering analysis highlights potential high-risk human groups, time frames and areas, which may require special plans and resources to monitor and control the disease. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - October 13, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Effective mitigation strategy in early stage of COVID-19 pandemic in China
AbstractIn the past five months, success in control the national epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been witnessed in China. The implementation of public health measures accounts for the success which include different interventions in the early or later stages of the outbreak. It is clear that although not all measures were universally effective worldwide, their achievements have been significant. More solidarity is needed to deal with this global pandemic with more learning and understanding. Understanding which of the public health interventions implemented in China were effective may provide ideas for ...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - October 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Towards integrated surveillance-response systems for the prevention of future pandemics
In conclusion, the earlier a zoonotic pathogen can be detected in the environment, in wildlife or in domestic animals; and the better human, animal and environmental surveillance communicate with each other to prevent an outbreak, the lower are the cumulative costs. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - October 6, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Burden, risk assessment, surveillance and management of SARS-CoV-2 infection in health workers: a scoping review
ConclusionsDuring the spread of COVID-19 outbreak, numerous published papers investigated the epidemiology, risk assessment and prevention and control of SARS-CoV-2. However, more high-quality studies are needed to provide valid recommendations for better management and for the clinical and microbiological surveillance of healthcare personnel. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - October 6, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Crowdsourcing to identify social innovation initiatives in health in low- and middle-income countries
ConclusionsWe demonstrate that crowdsourcing is a participatory method, that is able to identify bottom-up or grassroots SI initiatives developed by non-traditional actors. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - October 6, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Progress on the national echinococcosis control programme in China: analysis of humans and dogs population intervention during 2004 –2014
ConclusionsThis study showed that in endemic areas, patient diagnosis and management, dog management and treatment over this period helped reduce the parasite load to control the disease. More attention should be paid to controlling wild canines during the ongoing program period and sustainable follow-up evaluations are crucial for success and continued implementation of the national program. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - October 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Surveillance on schistosomiasis in five provincial-level administrative divisions of the People ’s Republic of China in the post-elimination era
ConclusionsElimination of schistosomiasis was consolidated successfully in five PLADs of P. R. China due to effective and strong post-elimination surveillance. Comprehensive consolidation strategies should be focused on the elimination of residual snails and the prevention of imported infection sources to consolidate the achievements of schistosomiasis control. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - September 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness analysis of malaria rapid diagnostic test in the elimination setting
ConclusionsCompared to microscopy and RDT followed by microscopy, RDT strategy had higher effects and higher cost in the setting of malaria elimination. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - September 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Prevalence of and risk factors for severe malaria caused by Plasmodium and dengue virus co-infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsThe present study found that there was a high prevalence of severe malaria among patients withPlasmodium and DENV co-infection. Physicians in endemic areas where these two diseases overlap should recognize that patients with this co-infection can develop either severe malaria or severe dengue with bleeding complications, but a greater risk of developing severe dengue than severe malaria was noted in patients with this co-infection.Trial registrationThe protocol of this study was registered at PROSPERO:CRD42020196792. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - September 21, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Strongyloides stercoralis prevalence and diagnostics in Vientiane, Lao People ’s Democratic Republic
ConclusionsWe identified Baermann technique and KAPC to be currently the most feasible and implementable standard methods for diagnosingS. stercoralis at a hospital setting such as Mahosot Hospital and provincial and district hospitals in Lao PDR and other low- and middle income countries in Southeast Asia.Trial registrationThis study was approved by the National Ethics Committee for Health Research in Lao PDR (reference no. 083/NECHR) and by the Ethics Committee Northwest and Central Switzerland (reference no. 2018 –00594). (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - September 20, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Reverse vaccinology assisted designing of multiepitope-based subunit vaccine against SARS-CoV-2
ConclusionThe MESV developed in this study is capable of generating immune response against COVID-19. Therefore, if designed MESV further investigated experimentally, it would be an effective vaccine candidate against SARS-CoV-2 to control and prevent COVID-19. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - September 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The effect of control measures on COVID-19 transmission in Italy: Comparison with Guangdong province in China
ConclusionsItaly was in a severe epidemic status and the control measures were not sufficiently timely and effective in the beginning. Non-pharmaceutical interventions, including contact restrictions and improvement of case recognition, play an important role in containing the COVID-19 epidemic. The effect of individual behavior changes due to media update of the outbreak cannot be ignored. For policy-makers, early and strict blockade measures, fast detection and improving media publicity are key to containing the epidemic. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - September 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Containment of COVID-19 in Ethiopia and implications for tuberculosis care and research
ConclusionsEthiopia took several steps to detect, manage, and control COVID-19. More efforts are needed to increase testing capacity and bring about behavioral changes in the community. The country needs to put in place alternative options to mitigate interruptions of essential healthcare services and scientific researches of significant impact. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - September 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Further explanations for the eq. (3) in “Estimating the daily trend in the size of the COVID-19 infected population in Wuhan”
AbstractTo avoid possible confusions to the readers, we provide further explanations for the eq. (3) in the research article “Estimating the daily trend in the size of the COVID-19 infected population in Wuhan” published in theInfectious Diseases of Poverty. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - September 14, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Nitrite inhalants use, sexual behaviors and HIV/syphilis infection among men who have sex with men in Chongqing, China
AbstractBackgroundEmerging evidence indicates nitrite inhalants have become increasingly prevalent among men who have sex with men (MSM). The present study aimed to describe the prevalence and correlates of nitrite inhalants use and its association with risky sexual behaviors and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/syphilis infection among MSM in Chongqing, a city in China where MSM were burdened with the highest pooled HIV prevalence in the country.MethodsThis cross-sectional study was conducted in Chongqing between March 2019 and February 2020. Information of demographics, drug use, sexual behaviors and HIV testing was co...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - September 3, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Performance of a real-time PCR approach for diagnosing Schistosoma haematobium infections of different intensity in urine samples from Zanzibar
AbstractBackgroundEfforts to control and eliminate schistosomiasis have accelerated over the past decade. As parasite burden, associated morbidity and egg excretion decrease, diagnosis with standard parasitological methods becomes harder. We assessed the robustness and performance of a real-time PCR (qPCR) approach in comparison with urine filtration microscopy and reagent strip testing for the diagnosis ofSchistosoma haematobium infections of different intensities.MethodsThe robustness of DNA isolation and qPCR was validated in eight laboratories from Europe and Africa. Subsequently, 792 urine samples collected during cro...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - September 3, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Fostering social innovation and building adaptive capacity for dengue control in Cambodia: a case study
ConclusionsThe initiative described in this article put in motion processes of community engagement towards creating ownership of dengue control interventions tools by community stakeholders, including school children. While the project is ongoing, the project ’s interventions so far implemented have contributed to the emergence of culturally relevant SI products and provided initial clues regarding 1) the conditions allowing SI to emerge, 2) specific mechanisms by which it happens and 3) how external parties can facilitate SI emergence. Overall there s eems to be a strong argument to be made in supporting SI as a de...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - September 2, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Leishmania infection and blood sources analysis in Phlebotomus chinensis (Diptera: Psychodidae) along extension region of the loess plateau, China
ConclusionsThis study detected the blood sources andLeishmania parasites infection of sand flies by molecular methods in the extension region of Loess Plateau, China. A high epidemic risk of leishmaniasis is currently indicated by the results as the infection ofLeishmania in sand flies, the extensive blood sources of sand flies including humans, and positive antibody ofLeishmania in local dog sera. Given the recent increase of VL cases, asymptomatic patients, dogs and other potential infected animals should be screened and treated. Furthermore, the density of sand flies needs to be controlled and personal protection should...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Human development, social vulnerability and COVID-19 in Brazil: a study of the social determinants of health
ConclusionsAlthough COVID-19 first arrived in the most developed and least vulnerable municipalities in Brazil, it has already reached locations that are farther from large urban centers, whose populations are exposed to a context of intense social vulnerability. Based on these findings, it is necessary to adopt measures that take local social aspects into account in order to contain the pandemic. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

An outbreak of intestinal schistosomiasis, alongside increasing urogenital schistosomiasis prevalence, in primary school children on the shoreline of Lake Malawi, Mangochi District, Malawi
ConclusionsWe notify that intestinal schistosomiasis, once considered non-endemic in Lake Malawi, is now transitioning from emergence to outbreak. Once control interventions can resume after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) suspensions, we recommend stepped-up preventive chemotherapy, with increased community-access to treatments, alongside renewed efforts in appropriate environmental control. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Evaluation of inpatients Clostridium difficile prevalence and risk factors in Cameroon
ConclusionThe prevalence ofC. difficile infections (CDI) remain high in these settings and may be related not only to permanent steroids and antibiotics. Promoting education to both medical staff and patients on the prevalence and public health impact ofC. difficile can be core inimproving rationale prescription of steroids and antibiotics to patients and promote human health and exponential growth in Cameroon. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Analysis and predication of tuberculosis registration rates in Henan Province, China: an exponential smoothing model study
ConclusionsThe high active PTB registration rates in spring and early summer indicate that high risk of tuberculosis infection in late autumn and winter in Henan Province. Without regard to theCI, the first milestone of WHO End TB Strategy in 2020 will be achieved. However, the second milestone in 2025 will not be easily achieved unless there are early response measures in Henan Province, China. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Funding social innovation for health with research funds for development
AbstractWhy and when is it appropriate and relevant to use research funds for social innovation to support both conventional scholarly researchers and non-researchers working in collaboration? (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Epidemiology of tuberculosis in Sabah, Malaysia, 2012 –2018
AbstractBackgroundTuberculosis (TB) is of high public health importance in Malaysia. Sabah State, located on the island of Borneo, has previously reported a particularly high burden of disease and faces unique contextual challenges compared with peninsular Malaysia. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiology of TB in Sabah to identify risk groups and hotspots of TB transmission.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective review of TB cases notified in Sabah, Malaysia, between 2012 and 2018. Using data from the state ’s ‘myTB’ notification database, we calculated the case notification rate and described...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 25, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

A five-compartment model of age-specific transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2
This study attempts to quantify the age-specific transmissibility using a mathematical model.MethodsAn epidemiological model with five compartments (susceptible –exposed–symptomatic–asymptomatic–recovered/removed [SEIAR]) was developed based on observed transmission features. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases were divided into four age groups: group 1, those ≤ 14 years old; group 2, those 15 to 44 years old; group 3, those 45 to 64  years old; and group 4, those ≥ 65 years old. The model was initially based on cases (including imported cases and se...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 25, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Differential diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019 from community-acquired-pneumonia by computed tomography scan and follow-up
ConclusionsAge, white blood cell count and ground-glass opacity have high accuracy in the early diagnosis of COVID-19 and the differential diagnosis from CAP. Patients aged over 60  years with COVID-19 have a poor prognosis. This result provides certain significant guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of new coronavirus pneumonia. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 25, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Risk estimation and prediction of the transmission of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) in the mainland of China excluding Hubei province
ConclusionsTo ensure the pandemic ending rapidly, it is necessary to maintain the current integrated restrict interventions and self-protection measures, including travel restriction, quarantine of entry, contact tracing followed by quarantine and isolation and reduction of contact, like wearing masks, keeping social distance, etc. People should be fully aware of the real-time epidemic situation and keep sufficient personal protection until April. If all the above conditions are met, the outbreak is expected to be ended by April in the mainland of China apart from Hubei province. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

China ’s practice to prevent and control COVID-19 in the context of large population movement
ConclusionsChina ’s practices are effective in controlling transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Considering newly occurred situations (e.g. imported cases, work resumption), the control measures may be adjusted. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 18, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic in impoverished area: Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture as an example
ConclusionsDuring the study period, Liangshan was well under control. This was mainly contributed to strict preventive strategies aimed at local culture, inter-sectoral coordination and highly degree of public cooperation. Besides, some possible environmentally and culturally preventive factors (e.g., rapid air flow and family concept) would affect disease prevention and control. In the next step, the health education about COVID-19 should be strengthened and carried out according to the special culture of ethnic minorities to enhance public awareness of timely medical treatment. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 11, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Psychological impact of COVID-19 on medical care workers in China
ConclusionsAdverse psychological symptoms were prevalent among medical care workers in China during the COVID-19 epidemic. Screening for adverse psychological outcomes and developing corresponding preventive measures would be beneficial in decreasing negative psychological outcomes. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 11, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Cross-reaction of POC-CCA urine test for detection of Schistosoma mekongi in Lao PDR: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsWe observed a cross-reaction between the POC-CCA test andO. viverrini infection. To some extent, we can confirm previous observations asserting that POC-CCA provides false positive results among patients with urinary tract infections and hematuria. InS. mekongi-endemic areas, POC-CCA can be applied cautiously for surveillance purposes, keeping in mind the considerable risk of false positive results and its unknown sensitivity. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 11, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Temporal trends in areas at risk for concomitant tuberculosis in a hyperendemic municipality in the Amazon region of Brazil
ConclusionsIn Brazil, several TB-determining factors such as race/color, gender, low educational level and low income overlap in needy urban areas and communities, demonstrating that it is unlikely to reach the goals, agreed and launched with the END TB Strategy within the deadlines of international agreements, if there is no reduction in existing inequities determinants and risk of illness in the country. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 9, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Massive migration promotes the early spread of COVID-19 in China: a study based on a scale-free network
ConclusionsThe migration from Wuhan could partly explain the epidemic seriousness in Hubei Province and other regions. The scale-free network we have established can better evaluate the epidemic. Three municipalities (Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin), eight provincial capitals (including Nanjing, Changsha et al.) and 12 other cities (including Qingdao, Zhongshan, Shenzhen et al.) were hub cities in the spread of COVID-19 in China. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 9, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Fatal case of newborn Lassa fever virus infection mimicking late onset neonatal sepsis: a case report from northern Nigeria
ConclusionsNeonatal Lassa fever infection is highly fatal and can mimic neonatal sepsis. High index of suspicion is needed particularly for atypical presentations of neonatal sepsis in Lassa fever endemic areas. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 9, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Abnormal immunity of non-survivors with COVID-19: predictors for mortality
This study aimed to analyse the clinical characteristics and abnormal immunity of the confirmed COVID-19 non-survivors.MethodsIn this single-centered, retrospective, observational study, we enrolled 125 patients with COVID-19 who were died between January 13 and March 4, 2020 in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University. A total of 414 randomly recruited patients with confirmed COVID-19 who were discharged from the same hospital during the same period served as control. The demographic, clinical characteristics and laboratory findings at admission, and treatment used in these patients were collected. The immunity-related risk fa...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 2, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Different approaches to characterize artificial breeding sites of Aedes aegypti using generalized linear mixed models
ConclusionsWe detected high immatures abundance in containers associated with water utilization. This suggests that containers involved in these activities, whether directly (e.g., water storage) or indirectly (e.g., incomplete water drainage in the last use), are susceptible to present a high immature abundance. Although our results indicate the importance of the type of use over the type of container, we encourage the use of both classification criteria for artificial breeding sites of mosquitoes, mainly because these are complementary. Additionally, generalized linear mixed models allowed us to analyse predictor variabl...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Prevalence of severe Plasmodium knowlesi infection and risk factors related to severe complications compared with non-severe P. knowlesi and severe P. falciparum malaria: a systematic review and meta-analysis
This study aimed to explore the prevalence and risk factors related to severeP. knowlesi infection.MethodsA systematic review was conducted by retrieving all published articles on severeP. knowlesi available in Web of Science (ISI), Scopus, and PubMed (MEDLINE). Titles, abstracts, and full-text articles were screened, and any irrelevant studies were excluded. The random-effects model was used to compute the pooled prevalence estimate of severeP. knowlesi infection by a metaprop command provided in STATA software. Differences in demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics, and laboratory data were analysed using R...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Imported Mansonella perstans infection in Spain
ConclusionsA long series ofM. perstans infections is presented in sub-Saharan immigrants whose data indicate that it should be included in the differential diagnosis in patients with pruritus or analytical alterations such as eosinophilia or hyper-IgE presentation, and they also have a high number of coinfections with other microorganisms whose treatment needs to be protocolized. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Climate change induced vulnerability and adaption for dengue incidence in Colombo and Kandy districts: the detailed investigation in Sri Lanka
ConclusionsIn general, vulnerability for dengue was relatively higher within the MOH areas of Colombo, than in Kandy, suggesting a higher degree of potential susceptibility to dengue within and among local communities of Colombo. Vector Controlling Entities are recommended to consider the spatial variations in vulnerability of local communities to dengue for decision making, especially in allocation of limited financial, human and mechanical resources for dengue epidemic management. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The role of isolation rooms, facemasks and intensified hand hygiene in the prevention of nosocomial COVID-19 transmission in a pulmonary clinical setting
AbstractFrom December 25, 2019 to January 31, 2020, 33 cases of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were identified in the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, China, yet none of the affiliated HCWs was infected. Here we analyzed the infection control measures used in three different departments in the Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University and correlated the measures with the corresponding infection data of HCWs affiliated with these departments. We found that three infection control measures, namely the isolation of the presumed positive patients, the use of fa...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Impact of continuous low water stage on the breeding environment of Oncomelania hupensis : a case study of Poyang Lake area in China
ConclusionsBy comparing the change of water level characteristics in different parts of the Poyang Lake area as well as changes in meadow area before and after 2003, it is found that the water level changes mainly affect the snail breeding area in the northern part of Poyang Lake. The results are helpful for improving scientific measures for snail control in Jiangxi Province. This approach could also be applicible to Dongting Lake area and other lake areas affected by water level changes and can bring significant guidance for snail control in lake areas. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Human brucellosis: recent advances and future challenges
(Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Saliva as a diagnostic specimen for detection of SARS-CoV-2 in suspected patients: a scoping review
ConclusionsDespite limitations of this study, the findings of this review suggest that the use of self-collected saliva as a non-invasive specimen has proper accuracy and reliability regarding detection of SARS-CoV-2 based on RT-PCR technique. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 21, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research