Recommendation on unbiased estimation of population attributable fraction calculated in “prevalence and risk factors of active pulmonary tuberculosis among elderly people in China: a population based cross-sectional study”
AbstractPopulation attributable fraction (PAF) refers to the proportion of all cases with a particular outcome in a population that could be prevented by eliminating a specific exposure. The authors of a recent paper evaluated the prevalence and estimated the PAFs for risk factors of TB among elderly people in China [Inf Dis Poverty. 2019;8:7]. Confounding is inevitable in observational studies and Levin ’s formula is of limited use in practice for unbiasedly estimating PAF. In a complex survey design, an unbiased estimation of the PAF can be calculated using a sample-weighted version of the Miettinen formula or a sa...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 19, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Pay-it-forward gonorrhea and chlamydia testing among men who have sex with men in China: a study protocol for a three-arm cluster randomized controlled trial
This study will examine the pay-it-forward strategy in comparison to the standard of care in improving test uptake for gonorrhea and chlamydia. We will leverage the cluster randomized controlled trial to provide scientific evidence on the potential effect of pay-it-forward. Findings from this study will shed light on novel intervention methods for increasing preventive health service utilization and innovate ways to finance it among communities.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov,NCT03741725. Registered on 12 November 2018. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 16, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Correction to: How Thailand eliminated lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem
After publication of this article [1], it was brought to our attention that figure 2 did not display correctly. The correct figure 2 is as below: (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 16, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Taxonomic integrative and phylogenetic identification of the first recorded Triatoma rubrofasciata in Zhangzhou, Fujian Province and Maoming, Guangdong Province, China
ConclusionsTo the best of our knowledge, this is the first record of the invasive insectT. rubrofasciata, which is likely derived from strains native to Vietnam or Brazil, in both Maoming City, Guangdong Province and Zhangzhou City, Fujian Province of China. A comparison of the DNA sequences of the 16  s rRNA, 28 s rRNA and COI genes confirmed the specific identification ofT. rubrofasciata, and its potential origin in China is based on the phylogenetic analyses undertaken in this study. More targeted interventions and improved entomological surveillance are urgently needed to control the spread of this haemat...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 13, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Lessons from lymphatic filariasis elimination and the challenges of post-elimination surveillance in China
ConclusionsDEC-fortified salt can help accelerate the progress of GPELF before the sprite phase. Sophisticated diagnostic criteria, systematic surveillance regimes, the Direct Network Report system, and regular trainings can effectively prevent the recrudescence of LF during surveillance phases. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Declining responsiveness of childhood Plasmodium falciparum infections to artemisinin-based combination treatments ten years following deployment as first-line antimalarials in Nigeria
AbstractBackgroundThe development and spread of artemisinin-resistantPlasmodium falciparum malaria in Greater Mekong Subregion has created impetus for continuing global monitoring of efficacy of artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). This post analyses is aimed to evaluate changes in early treatment response markers 10 years after the adoption of ACTs as first-line treatments of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Nigeria.MethodsAt 14 sentinel sites in six geographical areas of Nigeria, we evaluated treatment responses in 1341 children under 5 years and in additional 360 children under 16  years with uncomp...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 6, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Outcomes of the national programme on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus in China, 2016 –2017
AbstractBackgroundIn addition to providing free hepatitis B vaccine (HBvacc) series to all infants in China since 2005, the national programme on prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) started providing free hepatitis B immunoglobulin for all new-borns born to hepatitis B surface-antigen (HBsAg) positive mothers in 2010. However, few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of the PMTCT programme. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the outcomes of the programme and identify associated factors.MethodUsing a cross-sectional study design, we collected data on 4112 pairs of HBsAg-positive...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 5, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The urgent need for more potent antiretroviral therapy in low-income countries to achieve UNAIDS 90-90-90 and complete eradication of AIDS by 2030
ConclusionsThe achievement of United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS 2020 and 2030 targets in LICs depends on access to active cART with higher genetic barrier to drug resistance, better safety, and tolerability profiles. It ’s also imperative to strengthen quality service delivery in terms of retention of patients to treatment, support for adherence to cART, patient follow up and adequate drug stocks to help achieve a free AIDS generation. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 2, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The impact of increased reimbursement rates under the new cooperative medical scheme on the financial burden of tuberculosis patients
ConclusionsAlthough the nominal reimbursement rates for inpatient care of TB patients greatly increased under the new reimbursement policy, inpatient OOP expenditure was still a major financial problem for patients. Limited diagnosis and treatment options in county general hospitals and inadequate implementation of the new policy resulted in higher inpatient expenditures and limited reimbursement. Comprehensive control models are needed to effectively decrease the financial burden on all TB patients. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 2, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

A multiplex PCR for differential detection of Echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto, Echinococcus multilocularis and Echinococcus canadensis in China
ConclusionsThe developed multiplex PCR shows advantages in fast diagnosis and large-scale epidemiological investigation, which proven to be a promising tool utilized in clinic and surveillance system. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 30, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Evidence of insecticide resistance selection in wild Anopheles coluzzii mosquitoes due to agricultural pesticide use
AbstractBackgroundThe wetlands used for some agricultural activities constitute productive breeding sites for many mosquito species. Thus, the agricultural use of insecticide targeting other pests may select for insecticide resistance in malaria mosquitoes. The purpose of this study is to clarify some knowledge gaps on the role of agrochemicals in the development of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors is of utmost importance for vector control.MethodsUsing the CDC bottle test and the log-probit analysis, we investigated for the first time the resistance levels ofAnopheles coluzzii mosquitoes to neonicotinoids, insect...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 15, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Elimination of onchocerciasis in Africa by 2025: the need for a broad perspective
ConclusionsProgrammatic treatment and evaluation approaches, pioneered in the Americas, are the most efficient among the existing tools for elimination, and their broader use could catalyze the successful elimination of this disease in Africa. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 15, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The positive influence the Onchocerciasis Elimination Program for the Americas has had on Africa programs
AbstractA recent article “Is onchocerciasis elimination in Africa feasible by 2025: a perspective based on lessons learnt from the African control programmes” inInfectious Diseases of Poverty claimed that undue influence on African programs by concepts developed by the Onchocerciasis Elimination Program of the Americas (OEPA) is detrimental to stopping mass drug administration (MDA) in Africa. This claim is made despite a record year for MDA stoppage in four African countries of>  3.5 million treatments in 2018, far exceeding any past OEPA or African Program for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC) stop MDA ...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 15, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The need for evidence-based strategies and tools for onchocerciasis elimination in Africa
AbstractIn a recent article we discussed the feasibility of onchocerciasis elimination in Africa by 2025. We expressed concern that elimination may be impeded by failure to build on the lessons learned in the African onchocerciasis control programmes and the introduction of strategies and tools from the Americas. Richards et al. and Cupp et al. wrote to refute our concern and described recent achievements with stopping treatment in some areas.In this response, we discuss their arguments which did not convince us. We point out several scientific flaws in the American conceptual framework of elimination which has led to long...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 15, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Imported malaria cases in former endemic and non-malaria endemic areas in China: are there differences in case profile and time to response?
AbstractBackgroundChina has achieved zero indigenous malaria  case report in 2017. However, along with the increasing of international cooperation development, there is an increasing number of imported malaria cases from Chinese nationals returning from malaria-affected countries. Previous studies have focused on malaria endemic areas in China. There is thu s limited information on non-endemic areas in China, especially on the performance of malaria surveillance and response in health facilities.MethodsA comparative retrospective study was carried out based on routine malaria surveillance data collected from 2013...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 5, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Reaching the last mile: main challenges relating to and recommendations to accelerate onchocerciasis elimination in Africa
ConclusionsNational programs need to regularly monitor and evaluate the performance and progress of their interventions, while envisaging the complete elimination of onchocerciasis from their territory. Factors hindering the targeted goal of interruption of parasite transmission need to be identified and remedial actions should be taken. If possible and appropriate, ATSs need to be implemented to accelerate disease elimination by 2025. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 4, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Compliance among infants exposed to hepatitis B virus in a post-vaccination serological testing program in four provinces in China
ConclusionsThis study found that the LTFU rate reached 20% in PVST program, which was a significant problem. We recommend implementing a national electronic information system for tracking HBV at risk mother-infant pairs; encourage further research in developing a less invasive means of completing PVST, and take effective measures nationally to reduce HBV stigma. Without reducing the loss to follow up rate among infants eligible for PVST, elimination of vertical HBV transmission will be impossible. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 4, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Is tuberculosis patients management improved in the integrated TB control model in West China? A survey in Guizhou Province, China
ConclusionsTPM under the integrated model in West China is still low and need further improvement, and the impeding factors of TPM need to be addressed. Strengthening patient-centered and community-based TPM and developing more feasible approaches of TPM delivery should be explored in future research in this region. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 2, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Soil-transmitted helminth infection in school age children in Sierra Leone after a decade of preventive chemotherapy interventions
ConclusionsSierra Leone has made considerable progress toward controlling STH as a public health problem among SAC. As LF MDA phases out (between 2017 and 2021), transition of deworming to other platforms and water and sanitation strategies need to be strengthened to maintain STH control and ultimately interrupt transmission. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 2, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Are monitoring and evaluation systems adequate to report the programmatic coverage of HIV services among key populations in countries?
This article describes an approach to categorizing the system in a country for reporting the service package among HIV key populations. The approach consists of four dimensions, namely the epidemiological significance, comprehensiveness of the service packages, geographic coverage of services, and adequacy of the monitoring system. The proposed categorization approach utilizes available information and can inform the improvement of the service delivery and monitoring systems among HIV key populations. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 2, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Evaluation of scrub typhus diagnosis in China: analysis of nationwide surveillance data from 2006 to 2016
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the case diagnosis situation among medical care institutions and geographical regions in China, and the results will benefit both clinical practice and the disease surveillance system.MethodsWe extracted individual scrub typhus case data  2006–2016 from a national disease surveillance system in China. The diagnosis category and interval time from illness onset to diagnosis were compared among three levels of medical care institutions and provinces. The descriptive analysis method was performed in our study.ResultsDuring the 11-year study period, 93  481 scrub typhus cas...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - June 29, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Prevalence of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus in animals in Henan Province, China
AbstractSevere fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease caused by severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV). SFTSV has been found in humans, ticks and animals, and SFTS has high mortality and increasing prevalence in East Asia. In the study, the samples (heart, liver, lung, kidney, spleen, brain tissue and serum) were collected from 374 domestic animals and 241 wild animals in Pingqiao District and Xinxian County of Xinyang in Henan Province, China. 275 (44.72%, 275/615) animals were positive for anti-SFTSV antibodies, the anti-SFTSV antibodies positive ratios of domesti...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - June 24, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Inequity in catastrophic costs among tuberculosis-affected households in China
AbstractBackgroundThere are limited nationally representative studies globally in the post-2015 END tuberculosis (TB) era regarding wealth related inequity in the distribution of catastrophic costs due to TB care. Under the Chinese national tuberculosis programme setting, we aimed to assess extent of equity in distribution of total TB care costs (pre-treatment, treatment and overall) and costs as a proportion of annual household income (AHI), and describe and compare equity in distribution of catastrophic costs (pre-treatment, treatment and overall) across population sub-groups.MethodsAnalytical cross-sectional study using...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - June 19, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Change patterns of oncomelanid snail burden in areas within the Yangtze River drainage after the three gorges dam operated
ConclusionsThere has been a decline in total snail counts from 2009 to 2017. Meanwhile, new snail breeding areas were formed mainly within provinces downstream the TGD due to spread of snails, indicated that the oncomelanid snail would be difficult to completely eliminate. We suggest that the national schistosomiasis integrated control strategy, including mollusciding and environmental modification, will need to be enhanced significantly going forward to achieve a greater reduction in snail burden and ultimately to achieve elimination. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - June 18, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Governance of tuberculosis control programme in Nigeria
ConclusionsThis scoping review of governance of TB control in Nigeria highlights two main issues. Governance for strengthening TB control programmes in low-resource, high TB burden settings like Nigeria, is imperative. Secondly, there is a need for empirical studies involving detailed analysis of different dimensions of governance of TB control. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - June 17, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiases among preschool aged children (1 –5 years) in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsThe  findings show low prevalence and infection intensity of schistosomiasis and STH infection exceptA. lumbricoides among PSAC. Factors predicting schistosomiasis and STH infection among PSAC were related to caregivers ’ age, educational status, water and hygiene practices. STH infection was exclusively associated with PSAC playing and handwashing habits. These findings highlight the need to include PSAC caregivers in schistosomiasis and STH prevention and control programmes. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - June 16, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Infection against infection: parasite antagonism against parasites, viruses and bacteria
ConclusionsIn this review, we summarize antagonistic concurrent infections involving parasites and provide a functional framework for in-depth studies of the underlying mechanisms of coinfection with different microorganisms, which will hasten the development of promising antimicrobial alternatives, such as novel antibacterial vaccines or biological methods of controlling infectious diseases, thus relieving the overwhelming burden of ever-increasing antimicrobial resistance. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - June 15, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Strongyloidiasis in Ethiopia: systematic review on risk factors, diagnosis, prevalence and clinical outcomes
ConclusionsThis review demonstrated that strongyloidiasis is an overlooked and neglected disease in Ethiopia. There is a need for a systematic approach using a combination of molecular and serology based diagnostic methods to ascertain the true incidence and burden of strongyloidiasis in Ethiopia. Further research is also needed to break the cycle of transmission by identifying environmental reservoirs, risk factors and exploring the potential for zoonotic transfer. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - June 14, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Surveillance of drug resistance tuberculosis based on reference laboratory data in Ethiopia
ConclusionsThe result of this study indicated that MDR-TB is a serious public health problem in Ethiopia. Thus, strengthen prevention and control program is vital to halt the burden of drug resistant TB in the country. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - June 14, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Impact of past and on-going changes on climate and weather on vector-borne diseases transmission: a look at the evidence
ConclusionsIn this paper we discuss the current state of the results and draw on evidences from malaria, dengue and other vector-borne diseases to illustrate the state of current thinking and outline the need for further research to inform our predictions and response. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - June 13, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Impact of an innovative tuberculosis financing and payment model on health service utilization by tuberculosis patients in China: do the poor fare better than the rich?
ConclusionPatients in extreme or moderate poverty benefited more from the program compared to a non-poverty group, indicating improved equity in TB service access. The pro-poor design of the program provides important lessons to other TB programs in China and other countries to better address TB care for the poor. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - June 11, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

A framework for assessing local transmission risk of imported malaria cases
AbstractBackgroundA key issue in achieving and sustaining malaria elimination is the need to prevent local transmission arising from imported cases of malaria. The likelihood of this occurring depends on a range of local factors, and these can be used to allocate resources to contain transmission. Therefore, a risk assessment and management strategy is required to identify risk indexes for malaria transmission when imported cases occur. These risks also need to be quantified and combined to give a weighted risk index score. This can then be used to allocate the resources to each administrative region to prevent transmissio...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - June 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Corrections to: Molluscicidal effectiveness of Luo-Wei, a novel plant-derived molluscicide, against Oncomelania hupensis, Biomphalaria alexandrina and Bulinus truncatus
. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - June 6, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Concordance of the point-of-care circulating cathodic antigen test for the diagnosis of intestinal schistosomiasis in a low endemicity area
ConclusionsThe immunochromatographic test has the potential to be an important tool to combat schistosomiasis because of its practicality and applicability but should be applied with caution in low prevalence areas and in programs that aim to eliminate this disease.Trial registrationCAAE#21824513.9.0000.5091. January 31st, 2014. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - May 30, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The 2017 Oslo conference report on neglected tropical diseases and emerging/re-emerging infectious diseases – focus on populations underserved
ConclusionsTheir commonalities mean that the Global Health community should leverage opportunities and efforts in the prevention and elimination of both NTDs and EIDs. Doing so using a One Health approach is considered to offer a “public health best-buy”. Concrete solutions are proposed. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - May 28, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Prevalence of malaria and lymphatic filariasis in bateyes of the Dominican Republic
ConclusionsMalaria and LF transmission appear absent or extremely low in Dominicanbateyes, which are a mixture of Haitian and Dominican residents. Travel to Haiti is rare, meaning risk of malaria and LF importation is low. Addressing identified gaps in intervention coverage, malaria knowledge, treatment seeking and service delivery will improve the quality of surveillance for these diseases, particularly among marginalized populations and promote island-wide elimination. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - May 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

How Thailand eliminated lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem
ConclusionsThailand over the years 2002 to 2011 conducted extensive MDA with high coverage rates. Through periodic and regular monitoring surveys it delineated LF transmission areas at sub-village level and demonstrated through its evaluation surveys – the Stop-MDA surveys and TAS, below transmission threshold rates that enabled its validation of LF elimination. In September 2017, World Health Organization acknowledged the Ministry of Health Thailand had eliminated lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - May 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Vector-borne disease and climate change adaptation in African dryland social-ecological systems
ConclusionsA significant opportunity exists to simultaneously address the increasing threat of vector-borne diseases and climate change through methods aimed at strengthening adaptive capacity. The integrative framework and methods based on social-ecological systems and resilience theory offers a novel set of tools that allow multiple threats and sources of vulnerability to be addressed in combination. Integration of recent advances in vector borne disease ecology and wider deployment of these tools could help reverse the negative social and environmental trends currently seen in African drylands. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - May 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Onchocerciasis-associated epilepsy: another piece in the puzzle from the Mahenge mountains, southern Tanzania
AbstractIn a study from the onchocerciasis-endemic area of Mahenge in southern Tanzania, Mmbando et al. [Inf Dis Poverty. 2018;7:64] demonstrate that in four selected villages the overall epilepsy prevalence was high, and significantly more elevated in the two villages of higher onchocerciasis endemicity compared to those of lower endemicity. This is replicating earlier findings from many other areas of tropical Africa. The authors are also providing data indicating that in the Mahenge focus, the prevalence of nodding syndrome may be related to that of onchocerciasis in the same way as epilepsy in general. The application ...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - May 24, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Stigma and epilepsy in onchocerciasis-endemic regions in Africa: a review and recommendations from the onchocerciasis-associated epilepsy working group
ConclusionsEducating healthcare workers and communities about OAE, strengthening onchocerciasis elimination programs, decreasing the anti-epileptic treatment gap, improving the care of epilepsy-related injuries, and prioritising epilepsy research is the way forward to decreasing the stigma associated with epilepsy in onchocerciasis-endemic regions. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - May 20, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Correction to: Repeated praziquantel treatment and Opisthorchis viverrini infection: a population-based cross-sectional study in northeast Thailand
In the original publication of this article [1], there is an error in the section of ‘Ethics approval and consent to participate’ at the end of the article, the correct Ethics reference number should be HE551404 rather than HE591067. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - May 16, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Assessing the nonhuman primate reservoir of Schistosoma mansoni in Africa: a systematic review
AbstractBackgroundReports of natural infections ofSchistosoma mansoni in a number of species of nonhuman primates (NHPs) in Africa, coupled with the substantial overlap of NHP habitats and human schistosomiasis endemic areas, has led to concerns about the role of NHPs in the transmission of human schistosomiasis. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to describe the current scope of knowledge for Africa, for the NHP species implicated, their geographical distribution, infection rates withS. mansoni, and to discuss the implications for public health and conservation.Main textA systematic search of the literatur...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Distribution of and associated factors for dengue burden in the state of Odisha, India during 2010 –2016
This study is aimed to estimate the epidemiological burden of dengue in Odisha, India using the disability adjusted life year (DALY) methods and to explore the associated factors in the year 2010 –2016. During the period of 2010–2016, 27 772 cases (68.4% male) were reported in the state. Mean age (years) of male and female was 31.63 and 33.82, respectively. Mean district wise disability adjusted life years (DALY) per 100 000 people was higher in the year 2016 (0.45) and mean DALY lost pe r person was highest in the year 2015 (34.90 years). Adjusted regression model indicates, every unit increase in humid...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - May 6, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Qualitative evaluation of the outcomes of care and treatment for children and adolescents with nodding syndrome and other epilepsies in Uganda
ConclusionsDespite involvement of relevant MDT members in the development of multidisciplinary NS guidelines, multidisciplinary care was not implemented in practice. There is urgent need to review the NS clinical guidelines. Quarterly CSS and consistent anticonvulsant medication are needed at health facilities in affected communities. Implementation of the existing policies and programs to deal with the psychosocial and psychosexual issues that affect children with NS and other chronic conditions is needed. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - April 30, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Epidemiological survey of echinococcosis in Tibet Autonomous Region of China
AbstractBackgroundThe echinococcosis is prevalent in 10 provinces /autonomous region in western and northern China. Epidemiological survey of echinococcosis in China in 2012 showed the average prevalence of four counties in Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) is 4.23%, much higher than the average prevalence in China (0.24%). It is important to understand the transmission risks and the prevalence of echinococcosis in human and animals in TAR.MethodsA stratified and proportionate sampling method was used to select samples in TAR. The selected residents were examined by B-ultrasonography diagnostic, and the faeces of dogs were tes...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - April 28, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Greater political commitment needed to eliminate malaria
AbstractMalaria-related mortality has a very high association with poverty rates, and the disease is most prevalent in low- and middle-income countries. To achieve the malaria-specific targets of the Sustainable Development Goals, malaria-endemic countries and development partners need to take concerted action to reduce malaria cases and deaths. Reaching all affected communities with malaria interventions requires strong political commitment and a significant expansion of international and domestic financial resources. World Malaria Day 2019 is an opportunity to review progress and challenges in this field. (Source: Infect...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - April 28, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Health and immunisation services for the urban poor in selected countries of Asia
ConclusionsThe development of urban health systems and immunisation strategy is required regionally and nationally, to respond to rapid demographic change, social transition, and increased epidemiological risk. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - April 18, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Progress towards universal HIV testing among TB patients in Viet Nam: a retrospective cohort evaluation of TB/HIV surveillance, 2011 –2017
ConclusionsThe proportion of TB patients with a reported HIV status was increased from 2011 to 2017, however HIV testing coverage remained below the National Tuberculosis Control Programme targets ( ≥ 90%). National Tuberculosis Control Programme needs to focus on ensuring every registered TB patients has a documented HIV status, ensuring full coverage of HIV testing as part of routine TB care. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - April 1, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Molluscicidal effectiveness of Luo-Wei, a novel plant-derived molluscicide, against Oncomelania hupensis , Biomphalaria alexandrina and Bulinus truncatus
Conclusions4% TDS is active againstO. hupensis,B. alexandrina andB. truncatus under laboratory and field conditions, and it may be a candidate molluscicide of plant origin. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - March 31, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Distribution pattern of the snail intermediate host of schistosomiasis japonica in the Poyang Lake region of China
ConclusionsThe elevation of snail-infested marshlands in the Poyang Lake region ranged from 9 to 16  m. The snail distribution and habitat has moved north of the lake and to a lower altitude due to changes in the water level post dam closure. Based on the current geological features of the snail habitant focused mollusciciding should occur in snail dense northern regions with frequent bovine and human traffic. Targeting these identified ‘hotspots’ of transmission will assist in elimination efforts. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - March 29, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research