Construction of the Scale-Specific Resilience Index to Facilitate Multiscale Decision Making in Disaster Management: A Case Study of the 2015 Nepal Earthquake
AbstractMany scholars have advocated for the use of empirical evidence to assess resilience across scales and over time. Accordingly, we conduct a case study using survey data on individual perceptions of disaster relief that were gathered each month from August to December 2015, shortly after the 2015 Nepal earthquake. We construct a scale-specific resilience index (SSRI) based on a set of variables that are validated separately at different spatial scales and over time against the survey data. The regression results show that the variables related to household structure, industrial diversity, community capital, and acces...
Source: Social Indicators Research - September 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An examination of colorectal cancer burden by socioeconomic status: evidence from GLOBOCAN 2018
ConclusionColorectal cancer causes a  substantial burden worldwide and exhibit a positive association with the socioeconomic status. With the aid of improving screening modalities, preventable nature of the disease (due to dietary and lifestyle risk factors) and improving treatment procedures, the burden of CRC can largely be curtaile d. The high burden of CRC in developing countries, therefore, calls for effective prevention strategies, cost-effective screening, and early-stage detection, cost-effective predictive, and personalized treatment regime. (Source: EPMA Journal)
Source: EPMA Journal - September 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3311: Role of Knowledge, Sociodemographic, and Behavioral Factors on Lifetime HIV Testing among Adult Population in Nepal: Evidence from a Cross-Sectional National Survey
Nam Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing is important to HIV prevention, treatment, and care. We aimed to assess the role of sociodemographic, behavioral factors and HIV knowledge on HIV testing among people aged 15–49 years in Nepal. The 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey data was used for secondary data analysis. Herein, 9843 women and 3017 men who had experienced coitus were included. The respondents were asked if they underwent HIV testing and received the test results in their lifetime. Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analysis were applied at 5% level of significance....
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - September 9, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bimala Sharma Eun Woo Nam Tags: Article Source Type: research

Effect of a scaled-up neonatal resuscitation quality improvement package on intrapartum-related mortality in Nepal: A stepped-wedge cluster randomized controlled trial
by Ashish KC, Uwe Ewald, Omkar Basnet, Abhishek Gurung, Sushil Nath Pyakuryal, Bijay Kumar Jha, Anna Bergstr öm, Leif Eriksson, Prajwal Paudel, Sushil Karki, Sunil Gajurel, Olivia Brunell, Johan Wrammert, Helena Litorp, Mats Målqvist BackgroundImproving quality of intrapartum care will reduce intrapartum stillbirth and neonatal mortality, especially in resource-poor settings. Basic neonatal resuscitation can reduce intrapartum stillbirth and early neonatal mortality, if delivered in a high-quality health system, but there is a dearth of evidence on how to scale up such evidence-based interventions. We evaluated ...
Source: PLoS Medicine - September 9, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Ashish KC Source Type: research

Translation, validation and cross ‐cultural adaptation of the Nepali version of WOMAC® LK 3.1
ConclusionsNepali WOMAC is a reliable and valid instrument for assessment of disease severity and its impact in Nepali ‐speaking patients with OA. (Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - September 8, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Shweta Nakarmi, Syed Atiqul Haq, Binit Vaidya Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Prevalence of geriatric depression in the Kavre district, Nepal: Findings from a cross sectional community survey
The increasing elderly population worldwide is likely to increase mental health problems such as geriatric depression, which has mostly been studied in high-income countries. Similar studies are scarce in low-... (Source: BMC Psychiatry)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - September 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kedar Manandhar, Ajay Risal, Oshin Shrestha, Nirmala Manandhar, Dipak Kunwar, Rajendra Koju and Are Holen Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Feasibility of a hospital outpatient day procedure for medication abortion at 13 –18weeks gestation: findings from Nepal
To evaluate the safety, acceptability and feasibility of a one-day outpatient medication abortion service at gestations 13 –18weeks. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - September 3, 2019 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jennifer Blum, Chanda Karki, Anand Tamang, Tara Shochet, Achala Shrestha, Heera Tuladhar, Aruna Karki, Jyotsna Sharma, Dina Abbas, Monica Dragoman, Beverly Winikoff Source Type: research

Feasibility of a hospital outpatient day procedure for medication abortion at 13 – 18 weeks gestation: Findings from Nepal
To evaluate the safety, acceptability and feasibility of a one-day outpatient medication abortion service at gestations 13-18 weeks. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - September 3, 2019 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jennifer Blum, Chanda Karki, Anand Tamang, Tara Shochet, Achala Shrestha, Heera Tuladhar, Aruna Karki, Jyotsna Sharma, Dina Abbas, Monica Dragoman, Beverly Winikoff Source Type: research

Feasibility of a hospital outpatient day procedure for medication abortion at 13 –18 weeks gestation: Findings from Nepal,
To evaluate the safety, acceptability and feasibility of a one-day outpatient medication abortion service at gestations 13 –18 weeks. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - September 3, 2019 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jennifer Blum, Chanda Karki, Anand Tamang, Tara Shochet, Achala Shrestha, Heera Tuladhar, Aruna Karki, Jyotsna Sharma, Dina F. Abbas, Monica Dragoman, Beverly Winikoff Source Type: research

Dental caries status and related modifiable factors among Nepali students.
CONCLUSIONS: Most dental caries remains untreated. Students with more shops near their school and who attended schools closer to the city were more likely to have dental caries. PMID: 31468746 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Community Dental Health)
Source: Community Dental Health - September 1, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research

Leprosy – eliminated and forgotten: a case report
ConclusionAn unusual presentations of leprosy may delay its prompt diagnosis and treatment; thus, increasing morbidity and mortality. Although leprosy has been declared eliminated, it should not be forgotten and physicians should have it in mind to make it a differential diagnosis whenever relevant. (Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports)
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - September 1, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

A year in Nepal as a volunteer midwifery teacher trainer
Overview: A desire to do humanitarian, development or aid work led me to study Midwifery over 20 years ago. I was simply looking to enhance my nursing qualifications, not to change professions. However from the first week of the course I loved every aspect of the role: it took me by surprise, but I felt like I had arrived home. So on graduation I put travel plans on hold to consolidate new knowledge and gain further experience. Then life got in the way. Until last year, when finally everything fell into place and I got to realise that long-held dream. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - September 1, 2019 Category: Midwifery Authors: Maxine Hardinge Tags: P11 Source Type: research

South asian women have poorer IVF outcomes despite being younger and having better ovarian reserve compared to caucasians
IVF outcomes in ethnic minorities have been reported previously to be worse compared to Caucasians (C), including those of South Asian (SA) descent (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal). Little has been published on ovarian stimulation parameters in SA as compared to C. (Source: Fertility and Sterility)
Source: Fertility and Sterility - September 1, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Fady I. Sharara, Kaci D. Rogers, Megan Goodwin Tags: Oral session Source Type: research

Epidemiology and Management of Heart Failure in Nepal
The burden of heart failure (HF) is high in low-and middle- income countries because of limited infrastructure, technology, and resources.1,2 Nepal is a developing country of about 30 million multi-ethnic and multilingual people with diverse topography and is situated in Southern Asia, between China and India.3 Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death in Nepal.4 Data on HF is sparse in Nepal; a handful of studies are limited to HF patient profiles.5 With increasing globalization, aging population, hypertension, and coronary heart disease4 the prevalence and burden of HF is expected to rise and become a ...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Failure - August 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Binu Koirala, Cheryl R. Dennison Himmelfarb, Bibhu Koirala, Chakra Budhathoki, Patricia M. Davidson Tags: Research Letter Source Type: research

A morphometric study of the sella turcica: race, age, and gender effect.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings assist orthodontists, neurosurgeons, and forensic medical investigators to focus on the diameter of ST during orthodontic treatment planning, diagnosis of pathology of the pituitary gland, and age determination. PMID: 31448402 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 28, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Population History and Altitude-Related Adaptation in the Sherpa
The first ascent of Mount Everest by Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary in 1953 brought global attention to the Sherpa people and human performance at altitude. The Sherpa inhabit the Khumbu Valley of Nepal, and are descendants of a population that has resided continuously on the Tibetan plateau for the past ~25,000 to 40,000 years. The long exposure of the Sherpa to an inhospitable environment has driven genetic selection and produced distinct adaptive phenotypes. This review summarizes the population history of the Sherpa and their physiological and genetic adaptation to hypoxia. Genome-wide studies have identified ro...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - August 28, 2019 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Rehabilitation in Nepal
As a low-income country with a significant burden of disease and frequent natural disasters, the need for rehabilitation in Nepal is significant. Rehabilitation services currently available in Nepal are limited, but the government has recently adopted a 10-year action plan to address rehabilitation needs nationwide. Rehabilitation education and training is necessary to provide and retain adequate multidisciplinary rehabilitation providers for current and future needs in Nepal. The implementation of evidence-based recommendations to improve the quality of rehabilitation services and access to rehabilitation is critical to m...
Source: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America - August 28, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Raju Dhakal, Christine C. Groves Source Type: research

Patterns and determinants of essential neonatal care utilization among underprivileged ethnic groups in Midwest Nepal: a mixed method study
Globally in 2017 neonatal death accounted for 46% of under-five deaths. Nepal is among the developing countries which has a high number of neonatal deaths. The rates are high among poor socio-economic groups, ... (Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - August 27, 2019 Category: OBGYN Authors: Keshab Sanjel, Sharad Raj Onta, Archana Amatya and Prem Basel Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Interdisciplinary in situ simulation-based medical education in the  emergency department of a teaching hospital in Nepal
ConclusionsThe baseline knowledge score and the confidence level of the staff were low. Self-reported feedback suggested increased confidence level and teamwork skills after ISS. It promoted identification and remediation of latent safety threats. ISS serves as a cost-effective powerful educational model that can be implemented even in settings where finances and space are limited. (Source: International Journal of Emergency Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Emergency Medicine - August 27, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health and related Behaviour Change Communication strategies in Bangladesh, Nepal and India: A narrative review
ConclusionBangladesh, Nepal and India have made substantial improvement in maternal and child health indicators but at a slower pace than other countries of South Asia, in relation to which consistent disparities still exist. There are a number of BCC initiatives targeting RMNCAH. The improvement in RMNCAH indicators can be attributed to multiple initiatives wherein the contribution of BCC is relevant, because of their wide community outreach and effectiveness among all age-groups. (Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health)
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - August 22, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Analysis of erroneous data entries in paper based and electronic data collection
Electronic data collection (EDC) has become a suitable alternative to paper based data collection (PBDC) in biomedical research even in resource poor settings. During a survey in Nepal, data were collected usi... (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Source: BMC Research Notes - August 22, 2019 Category: Research Authors: Benedikt Ley, Komal Raj Rijal, Jutta Marfurt, Naba Raj Adhikari, Megha Raj Banjara, Upendra Thapa Shrestha, Kamala Thriemer, Ric N. Price and Prakash Ghimire Tags: Research note Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire among Nepalese adolescents in Lalitpur.
CONCLUSION: The Nepali version of the ARQ can be used to measure resilience among adolescents in Lalitpur, Nepal. Further studies are recommended to assess adolescents' resilience using the ARQ in diverse settings including communities of various provinces and regions of Nepal. PMID: 31430691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Age and pain differences in non-verbal fluency performance: Associations with cortical thickness and subcortical volumes.
Abstract Musculoskeletal pain is a cause of disability in older individuals and is commonly associated with executive function deficits. In particular, verbal fluency deficits have been previously reported in older individuals with and without musculoskeletal pain, however, no studies have examined non-verbal fluency. The present study investigated non-verbal fluency performance in younger and older individuals and associations with clinical and experimental pain. The NEPAL study included older (n = 63) and younger (n = 28) individuals who completed demographic, and clinical pain assessments followed by a ...
Source: Experimental Gerontology - August 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Lysne P, Cohen R, Hoyos L, Fillingim RB, Riley JL, Cruz-Almeida Y Tags: Exp Gerontol Source Type: research

Semi-arranged marriages and dowry ambivalence: Tensions in the changing landscape of marriage formation in South Asia.
Abstract Marriage is a point of change in young people's lives, especially in parts of the world that place high value on it, such as in South Asian countries including Nepal. However, marriage practices are changing, with a move towards more love marriage; this is likely to have important implications on women's status and agency, household and couple dynamics, and mental and physical health. The aim of this paper is to describe how changing marriage formation patterns and traditional practices such as co-residence and dowry are intersecting and impacting relationships post-marriage. In-depth qualitative intervie...
Source: Culture, Health and Sexuality - August 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Diamond-Smith NG, Dahal M, Puri M, Weiser SD Tags: Cult Health Sex Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 2964: Breaking Through Barriers and Building Disaster Mental Resilience: A Case Study in the Aftermath of the 2015 Nepal Earthquakes
Conclusions: A firm commitment is required from the government to enhance resilience by mainstreaming mental health in all areas of disaster management and planning. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - August 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Alisha KC Connie Cai Ru Gan Febi Dwirahmadi Tags: Article Source Type: research

Multi-drug resistant extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing E. coli and Salmonella on raw vegetable salads served at hotels and restaurants in Bharatpur, Nepal
Antimicrobial resistance among the bacteria present in ready-to-eat foods like vegetable salads is an emerging concern today. The current study was undertaken to investigate the presence of multi-drug resistan... (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Source: BMC Research Notes - August 16, 2019 Category: Research Authors: Sanjeep Sapkota, Sanjib Adhikari, Asmita Pandey, Sujan Khadka, Madhuri Adhikari, Hemraj Kandel, Sandhya Pathak and Asmita Pandey Tags: Research note Source Type: research

STAT6 induces expression of Gas6 in macrophages to clear apoptotic neutrophils and resolve inflammation [Medical Sciences]
Efferocytosis of apoptotic neutrophils (PMNs) by alveolar macrophages (AMФs) is vital for resolution of inflammation and tissue injury. Here, we investigated the role of AMФ polarization and expression of the efferocytic ligand Gas6 in restoring homeostasis. In the murine model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI), we observed augmented... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - August 13, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Saroj Nepal, Chinnaswamy Tiruppathi, Yoshikazu Tsukasaki, Joseph Farahany, Manish Mittal, Jalees Rehman, Darwin J. Prockop, Asrar B. Malik Tags: Biological Sciences Source Type: research

Child and adolescent mental health problems in Nepal: a scoping review
Globally, 10 –20% of children and adolescents suffer from mental disorders, with half of all them starting by the age of 14 and three-quarters before the age of 25. In Nepal, 40% of the population is younger th... (Source: International Journal of Mental Health Systems)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health Systems - August 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ashmita Chaulagain, Arun Kunwar, Sarah Watts, Anthony P. S. Guerrero and Norbert Skokauskas Tags: Review Source Type: research

Prevalence of Oral Habits of Schoolchildren in the Mixed Dentition in Dharan, Nepal
(Source: Journal of Dentistry for Children)
Source: Journal of Dentistry for Children - August 10, 2019 Category: Dentistry Authors: Agrawal, Sapna Dali, Mamta Bhagat, Tarakant Koirala, Bandana Shrestha, Sneha Niraula, Surya R. Tags: Scientific Articles Source Type: research

Risk profiling of soil-transmitted helminth infection and estimated number of infected people in South Asia: A systematic review and Bayesian geostatistical Analysis
Conclusions/significanceOur risk maps provide an overview of the geographic distribution of soil-transmitted helminth infection in four mainland countries of South Asia and highlight the need for up-to-date surveys to accurately evaluate the disease burden in the region. (Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases)
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - August 9, 2019 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Ying-Si Lai Source Type: research

Pilot Study to Assess Safety and Usability of the Kyron NPWT System
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open - August 7, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Does packed red cell transfusion provide symptomatic benefits to cancer palliative patients?: a longitudinal study from a single private oncology center in Nepal
Palliative patients generally present with symptoms of dyspnea, easy fatigability, lethargy and feeling of being unwell which can broadly be attributed to one root cause: cancer-related anemia. So, packed red ... (Source: BMC Palliative Care)
Source: BMC Palliative Care - August 6, 2019 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Sameer Timilsina, Sirisa Karki, Santosh Timalsina, Aajeevan Gautam and Sabitri Sharma Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Prevalence and associated factors of childhood overweight/obesity among primary school children in urban Nepal
Childhood overweight/obesity has become a major public health concern globally because of its adverse health consequences and escalating prevalence. The factors underlying the disease conditions manifested dur... (Source: BMC Public Health)
Source: BMC Public Health - August 6, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Ashmita Karki, Archana Shrestha and Narayan Subedi Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Engineering "cell-particle hybrids" of pancreatic islets and bioadhesive FK506-loaded polymeric microspheres for local immunomodulation in xenogeneic islet transplantation.
This study presents a promising platform that facilitates the translation of local immunomodulation towards an effective strategy with improved safety profiles for treating type I diabetes. PMID: 31419652 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Biomaterials)
Source: Biomaterials - August 6, 2019 Category: Materials Science Authors: Nguyen TT, Pham TT, Nguyen HT, Nepal MR, Phung CD, You Z, Katila N, Pun NT, Jeong TC, Choi DY, Park PH, Yong CS, Kim JO, Yook S, Jeong JH Tags: Biomaterials Source Type: research

Evaluation of chemical constituents and in vitro antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxicity potential of rhizome of Astilbe rivularis (Bodho-okhati), an indigenous medicinal plant from Eastern Himalayan region of India
Astilbe rivularis L. is an indigenous medicinal plant growing in high altitude of Darjeeling Himalayan region of India and Nepal. The plant rhizome has been used traditionally as medicine by local tribes to treat... (Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine)
Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine - August 5, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Vijeta Rai, Anoop Kumar, Vaskar Das and Shilpi Ghosh Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Evaluation of an Hospital-Based Post-Prescription Review and Feedback Pilot in Kathmandu, Nepal.
Abstract Capacity building is needed in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to combat antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Stewardship programs such as post-prescription review and feedback (PPRF) are important components in addressing AMR. Little data are available regarding effectiveness of PPRF programs in LMIC settings. An adapted PPRF program was implemented in the medicine, surgery, and obstetrics/gynecology wards in a 125-bed hospital in Kathmandu. Seven "physician champions" were trained. Baseline and post-intervention patient chart data were analyzed for changes in days of therapy (DOT) and mean...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - August 5, 2019 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Joshi RD, Zervos M, Kaljee LM, Shrestha B, Maki G, Prentiss T, Bajracharya D, Karki K, Joshi N, Rai SM Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research

Effect of 1-month Cyclic Meditation on Perceived Stress, General Health Status, and Cardiovascular Parameters in School Teachers.
Authors: Dahal PP, Pradhan B Abstract Background: Teaching, known as a novel profession, is very stressful occupation. Background: Methods and Materials • The sample was composed of 62 male and female Nepalese high school teachers with an age range between 25 to 55 y (M ± SD, 37.42 ± 8.59) . Only interested teachers were included, and those with physical disabilities and long-term meditation practitioners were excluded. Twenty daily sessions, lasting 30 min each, of cyclic meditation (CM) intervention were held for 1 mo. Assessment such as stress, using measures such as the perceived stress s...
Source: Advances in Mind Body Medicine - August 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Adv Mind Body Med Source Type: research

Do remittances alleviate negative impacts of disaster on mental health? A case of the 2015 Nepal earthquake
Publication date: Available online 1 August 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Towa Tachibana, Rie Goto, Takeshi Sakurai, Santosh Rayamajhi, Angel Adhikari, William H. DowAbstractThis paper contributes to two strands of literature: disaster literature on post-disaster mental health and economics literature on migration. Remittances are a sizable source of income in many developing countries. Evidence suggests that, however, when adults migrate in order to support their families via remittances, family members left behind often experience poorer physical and mental health. We study the effects of remittance...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Implementation fidelity of provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling of tuberculosis patients under the National Tuberculosis Control Program in Kathmandu District of Nepal: an implementation research
There exists low uptake of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) testing among Tuberculosis (TB) patients through Provider-Initiated HIV Testing and Counseling (PITC) under the national TB control program in Nepa... (Source: BMC Health Services Research)
Source: BMC Health Services Research - August 2, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Randeep Kumar, Ari Probandari, Biwesh Ojha, Ashmin Hari Bhattarai and Yanri Wijayanti Subronto Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Transcriptomic changes in wheat during tan spot (Pyrenophora tritici-repentis) disease
Tan spot is a yield-reducing disease that affects wheat and is caused by the fungus Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (Ptr). Eight races of Ptr have been identified based upon production of the effectors Ptr ToxA, Ptr... (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Source: BMC Research Notes - August 1, 2019 Category: Research Authors: Ethan J. Andersen, Shaukat Ali and Madhav P. Nepal Tags: Data note Source Type: research

Characterization of Clinical Isolates of Enterococci with Special Reference to Glycopeptide Susceptibility at a Tertiary Care Center of Eastern Nepal.
Conclusions: Enterococcus faecalis and E. faecium were the predominant species in causing enterococcal infections. The alarming rise in prevalence of vancomycin and multidrug resistance strains warrants immediate, adequate, and efficient surveillance program to prevent and control its spread. PMID: 31354832 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Microbiology)
Source: International Journal of Microbiology - July 31, 2019 Category: Microbiology Tags: Int J Microbiol Source Type: research

The effect of maternal health service utilization in early initiation of breastfeeding among Nepalese mothers
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends early initiation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding for six months. Understanding the association of maternal health services and early initiation of br... (Source: International Breastfeeding Journal)
Source: International Breastfeeding Journal - July 31, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Umesh Ghimire Tags: Research Source Type: research

Establishment of Paediatric Airway Surgery Services in Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital: A Leap in Otorhinolaryngology in Nepal
AbstractPaediatric airway surgery is an emerging superspeciality for a developing country like Nepal. Thriving in a resource limited environment of the country, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital is setting its early steps in this subspecialty of paediatric otorhinolaryngology. With generous support of the experts from USA and a team of very dedicated surgeons in the department, future of paediatric airway surgery in Nepal seems to be promising. Here, we discuss in brief about the establishment of paediatric airway surgery in Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, the tertiary referral center of Nepal with short discu...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - July 25, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Translation, cross ‐cultural adaptation and validation of Nepali version of Health Assessment Questionnaire‐Disability Index in rheumatoid arthritis patients from Nepal
ConclusionsNepali HAQ is a comprehensible, reliable and valid tool for evaluation of the functional status of Nepalese patients with RA and should be implemented in clinical care and research settings. (Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - July 24, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Binit Vaidya, Rakshya Joshi, Lhakpa Dolma Lama, Shweta Nakarmi Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Directions for surgical capacity developments in Nepal: a population-based assessment.
CONCLUSIONS: This study defined four focus areas that showed the largest unmet needs that resulted in a perceived disability. For those areas, affordability, availability, and acceptability of surgical need to be addressed through technical developments, capacity building, and raising awareness. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31328362 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Methods of Information in Medicine)
Source: Methods of Information in Medicine - July 22, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Knulst AJ, Gupta S, Groen RS, Maharjan D, Kapendra AS, Dankelman J, Kushner AL Tags: Trop Med Int Health Source Type: research

Biometry characteristics in congenital cataract patients before surgery in a tertiary eye care centre in Nepal
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Saudi Journal of OphthalmologyAuthor(s): Sabin Sahu, Paras PanjiyarAbstractPurposeTo evaluate the anterior segment biometry characteristics in congenital cataract patients before undergoing surgery in a tertiary eye care centre.MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed the charts of congenital cataract patients aged less than 15 years who had undergone the congenital cataract surgery from Jan-Dec, 2015. 451 eyes of 351 patients were reviewed. The eyes were examined using an autorefract-keratometer, applanation A-scan and parameters like keratometry, axial length, corneal asti...
Source: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology - July 19, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Stakeholder Engagement in Planning the Design of a National Needs Assessment for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Management in Nepal
ConclusionsThe stakeholder engagement process positively affected the design of our research. This study provides important insights for future researchers that aim to engage stakeholders in national-level assessment programs in the health care system in the context of Nepal. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Assessing Stakeholder Engagement for Translation Research and Implementation Science in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Lessons From Ghana, Guatemala, India, Kenya, Malawi, Nepal, Rwanda, and Vietnam
Publication date: June 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 2Author(s): Emmanuel Peprah, Juliet Iwelunmor, LeShawndra Price (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Unhealthy Snack Food and Beverage Consumption Is Associated with Lower Dietary Adequacy and Length-for-Age z-Scores among 12 –23-Month-Olds in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal
ConclusionsIn this LMIC context, high USFB consumption among young children was associated with inadequate micronutrient intakes, which can contribute to poor growth outcomes. Addressing increased availability of USFBs in LMIC food systems should be a priority for policies and programs aiming to safeguard child nutrition. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - July 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Medical abortion in Nepal: a qualitative study on women ’s experiences at safe abortion services and pharmacies
Although Nepal legalised abortion in 2002, a significant number of women continue to access unsafe abortions. An estimated 60% of all abortions performed in 2014 were unsafe, with unsafe abortion continuing to... (Source: Reproductive Health)
Source: Reproductive Health - July 15, 2019 Category: OBGYN Authors: Claire Rogers, Sabitri Sapkota, Rasmita Paudel and Jaya A. R. Dantas Tags: Research Source Type: research