Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents for National Kidney Foundation 2018 Spring Clinical Meeting Abstracts April 10-14, 2018
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Gastrointestinal Microbiota in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Calciphylaxis: The Role of the Dietitian and Social Worker in a Multidisciplinary Treatment
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Novel Marker of Inflammation and its Association with Nutritional Status and Dietary Intake in Hemodialysis Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Interpreting Handgrip Strength and Developing a Handgrip Strength Index that Predicts Survival
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Evaluation of Handgrip Strength in Hemodialysis Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Protein Restriction (with or without Keta-Analog Supplementation) for Adults with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Diet Restrictions in End Stage Kidney Disease: What Do Patients Dislike Most
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Effect of Probiotics on Immunosuppressive Drugs Associated Diarrhea in Renal Transplant Recipients: A Practice-Based Observation
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Composite Nutrition Scores for Nutrition Assessment in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Prevalence and Risk of Protein-Energy Wasting Assessed by Subjective Global Assessment in Older Adults With Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease: Results From the EQUAL Study
Prevalence and risk factors for protein-energy wasting (PEW) are poorly studied in the nondialysis, older population with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of PEW in advanced stage CKD patients aged greater than 65  years. Furthermore, we aimed to describe risk factors for PEW in the overall study population and among obese individuals. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 16, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Karin Windahl, Gerd Fax én Irving, Tora Almquist, Maarit Korkeila Lidén, Moniek van de Luijtgaarden, Nicholas C. Chesnaye, Pauline Voskamp, Peter Stenvinkel, Marian Klinger, Maciej Szymczak, Claudia Torino, Maurizio Postorini, Christiane Drechsler, Ferg Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Could Low-Protein Diet Modulate Nrf2 Pathway in Chronic Kidney Disease?
Oxidative stress and inflammation are common findings in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, and they are directly linked to clinical outcomes such as protein energy wasting and cardiovascular disease. Nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is the master regulator of antioxidant genes, regulating the expression of detoxifying enzymes of phase II and antioxidant responses. Furthermore, Nrf2 can also regulate anti-inflammatory cellular responses, by inhibiting nuclear factor kappa B activity (transcription factor that promotes inflammation). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Juliana Saraiva Anjos, Ludmila F.M.F. Cardozo, Marta Esgalhado, Bengt Lindholm, Peter Stenvinkel, Denis Fouque, Denise Mafra Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Protein Intake and Long-term Change in Glomerular Filtration Rate in the Jackson Heart Study
Dietary protein intake could have deleterious renal effects in populations at risk for chronic kidney disease. Here, we examined whether higher protein intake ( ≥80th percentile of energy from protein) is associated with decline in kidney function and whether this decline varies by diabetes status. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rakesh Malhotra, Loren Lipworth, Kerri L. Cavanaugh, Bessie A. Young, Katherine L. Tucker, Teresa C. Carithers, Herman A. Taylor, Adolfo Correa, Edmond K. Kabagambe, T. Alp Ikizler Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Anthropometric and Biochemical Determinants of Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate in a Large Cohort of Obese Children
We aimed to investigate which clinical and metabolic factors could influence the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) levels, evaluating a large population of obese children without suspect of primary kidney disease. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Pierluigi Marzuillo, Anna Grandone, Anna Di Sessa, Stefano Guarino, Mario Diplomatico, Giuseppina Rosaria Umano, Cesare Polito, Angela La Manna, Laura Perrone, Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice Tags: Clinical Brief Source Type: research

Could Low-Protein Diet Modulate Nrf2 Pathway in Chronic Kidney Disease?
Oxidative stress and inflammation are common findings in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, and they are directly linked to clinical outcomes such as protein energy wasting and cardiovascular disease. Nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is the master regulator of antioxidant genes, regulating the expression of detoxifying enzymes of phase II and antioxidant responses. Furthermore, Nrf2 can also regulate anti-inflammatory cellular responses, by inhibiting nuclear factor kappa B activity (transcription factor that promotes inflammation). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Juliana Saraiva Anjos, Ludmila F.M.F. Cardozo, Marta Esgalhado, Bengt Lindholm, Peter Stenvinkel, Denis Fouque, Denise Mafra Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Protein Intake and Long-term Change in Glomerular Filtration Rate in the Jackson Heart Study
Dietary protein intake could have deleterious renal effects in populations at risk for chronic kidney disease. Here, we examined whether higher protein intake ( ≥80th percentile of energy from protein) is associated with decline in kidney function and whether this decline varies by diabetes status. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rakesh Malhotra, Loren Lipworth, Kerri L. Cavanaugh, Bessie A. Young, Katherine L. Tucker, Teresa C. Carithers, Herman A. Taylor, Adolfo Correa, Edmond K. Kabagambe, T. Alp Ikizler Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Anthropometric and Biochemical Determinants of Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate in a Large Cohort of Obese Children
We aimed to investigate which clinical and metabolic factors could influence the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) levels, evaluating a large population of obese children without suspect of primary kidney disease. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Pierluigi Marzuillo, Anna Grandone, Anna Di Sessa, Stefano Guarino, Mario Diplomatico, Giuseppina Rosaria Umano, Cesare Polito, Angela La Manna, Laura Perrone, Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice Tags: Clinical Brief Source Type: research

Low Protein Intake in the Population: Low Risk of Kidney Function Decline but High Risk of Mortality
This population-based study investigated low protein intake, mortality, and kidney function decline. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 10, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Massimo Cirillo, Pierpaolo Cavallo, Giancarlo Bilancio, Cinzia Lombardi, Oscar Terradura Vagnarelli, Martino Laurenzi Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Does Low-Protein Diet Influence the Uremic Toxin Serum Levels From the Gut Microbiota in Nondialysis Chronic Kidney Disease Patients?
To evaluate the effects of low-protein diet (LPD) on uremic toxins and the gut microbiota profile in nondialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 10, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ana Paula Black, Juliana S. Anjos, Ludmila Cardozo, Fl ávia L. Carmo, Carla J. Dolenga, Lia S. Nakao, Dennis de Carvalho Ferreira, Alexandre Rosado, José Carlos Carraro Eduardo, Denise Mafra Tags: Research Brief Source Type: research

Low Protein Intake in the Population: Low Risk of Kidney Function Decline but High Risk of Mortality
This population-based study investigated low protein intake, mortality, and kidney function decline. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 10, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Massimo Cirillo, Pierpaolo Cavallo, Giancarlo Bilancio, Cinzia Lombardi, Oscar Terradura Vagnarelli, Martino Laurenzi Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Does Low-Protein Diet Influence the Uremic Toxin Serum Levels From the Gut Microbiota in Nondialysis Chronic Kidney Disease Patients?
To evaluate the effects of low-protein diet (LPD) on uremic toxins and the gut microbiota profile in nondialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 10, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ana Paula Black, Juliana S. Anjos, Ludmila Cardozo, Fl ávia L. Carmo, Carla J. Dolenga, Lia S. Nakao, Dennis de Carvalho Ferreira, Alexandre Rosado, José Carlos Carraro Eduardo, Denise Mafra Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Postprandial Mineral Handling in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis
Patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) are unable to compensate for an enlarged mineral load with increased excretion of calcium and phosphate in the urine. Hence, excess calcium and phosphate must be neutralized by other mechanisms to avoid toxicity. The present study examined the acute handling of a mineral load in HD patients as compared with healthy subjects. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mark Reinhard, Jan Frystyk, Else Randers, Bo Martin Bibby, Per Ivarsen Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Soluble Toll-like Receptor 4: A New Player in  Subclinical Inflammation and Malnutrition in Hemodialysis Patients
In this study, we describe the sTLR4 profile in regular HD patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Pasquale Esposito, Edoardo La Porta, Maria Antonietta Grignano, Daniela Verzola, Samantha Milanesi, Francesca Ansaldo, Marilena Gregorini, Carmelo Libetta, Giacomo Garibotto, Teresa Rampino Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Postprandial Mineral Handling in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis
Patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) are unable to compensate for an enlarged mineral load with increased excretion of calcium and phosphate in the urine. Hence, excess calcium and phosphate must be neutralized by other mechanisms to avoid toxicity. The present study examined the acute handling of a mineral load in HD patients as compared with healthy subjects. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mark Reinhard, Jan Frystyk, Else Randers, Bo Martin Bibby, Per Ivarsen Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Soluble Toll-like Receptor 4: A New Player in  Subclinical Inflammation and Malnutrition in Hemodialysis Patients
In this study, we describe the sTLR4 profile in regular HD patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Pasquale Esposito, Edoardo La Porta, Maria Antonietta Grignano, Daniela Verzola, Samantha Milanesi, Francesca Ansaldo, Marilena Gregorini, Carmelo Libetta, Giacomo Garibotto, Teresa Rampino Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Kidney-Friendly Label Reading for Chronic Kidney Disease Shoppers
The education tool and article that follow are intended for use by chronic kidney disease (CKD) Stages 3 to 5 grocery shoppers. The article presents an overview of a handout intended to provide a nutrition education tool to assist CKD Stages 3 to 5 shoppers in shopping for kidney-friendly items. The handout may be used with CKD shopping tours and with CKD Stages 3 to 5 Medical Nutrition Therapy, in-center and home therapy dialysis. Because of the wide variation in nutrient needs for CKD Stages 3 to 5, the Kidney-Friendly Tips for Reading Food Labels for CKD shoppers is modifiable to be individualized for the specific needs...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 15, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lois J. Hill, Amey J. Herald Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

January Meeting Announcements
March 6-9, 2018 AKI& CRRT 2017 – The 23rd International Conference on Advances in Critical Care Nephrology, Manchester Grand Hyatt, San Diego, CA. Visit http://www.crrtonline.com/conference/ or call 858-272-1018. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 15, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Eating During Hemodialysis Treatment: A  Consensus Statement From the International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism
Poor nutritional status and protein-energy wasting are common among maintenance dialysis patients and associated with unfavorable outcomes. Providing foods, meal trays, snack boxes, and/or oral nutritional supplements during hemodialysis can improve nutritional status and might also reduce inflammation, enhance health-related quality of life, boost patient satisfaction, and improve survival. Potential  challenges include postprandial hypotension and other hemodynamic instabilities, aspiration risk, gastrointestinal symptoms, hygiene issues, staff burden, reduced solute removal, and increased costs. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 15, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Brandon M. Kistler, Debbie Benner, Jerrilynn D. Burrowes, Katrina L. Campbell, Denis Fouque, Giacomo Garibotto, Joel D. Kopple, Csaba P. Kovesdy, Connie M. Rhee, Alison Steiber, Peter Stenvinkel, Pieter ter Wee, Daniel Teta, Angela Y.M. Wang, Kamyar Kalan Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Happy New Year
Welcome to 2018. Now that the holidays are over, I wish everyone a prosperous and productive 2018. One of the goals of the Council on Renal Nutrition (CRN) this year is to improve communication with our membership. It was recently brought to the CRN Executive Committees attention, by a number of members, they were not receiving timely communications from the National Kidney Foundation (NKF). It was discovered that the previous year NKF had done some upgrades to their IT systems. However, since the upgrades, some e-mails were failing to go through. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 15, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Laura Holden Tags: Message From the Chairperson Source Type: research

Gut Endothelial Leakage of Endotoxin May Be the Source of Vascular Inflammation and Injury in CKD. How Can This Be Targeted?
The risk of cardiovascular events increases as glomerular filtration rate declines increasing as much as 35 fold in patients with Stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD).1 Despite the vast increase in risk in this population, biomarkers associated with risk in the general population, such as cholesterol level contribute little risk,2 while the primary biomarkers associated with increased risk are those linked to inflammation.3,4 One open question is identifying the causal pathway between inflammatory biomarkers, which themselves may simply provide evidence of inflammation and vascular injury. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 15, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Niti Madan, George A. Kaysen Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 15, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 15, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 15, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Guidelines for Contributing Authors
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 15, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Diet Quality of Chronic Kidney Disease Patients and the Impact of Nutritional Counseling
The aims of the study were to evaluate the quality of the diet of nondialysis-dependent patients with chronic kidney disease and to investigate the impact of dietary counseling in the quality of the diet of these patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 6, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Andr éia Silva Fernandes, Christiane Ishikawa Ramos, Fabiana Baggio Nerbass, Lilian Cuppari Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Effects of Oral Nutritional Supplements on Mortality, Missed Dialysis Treatments, and Nutritional Markers in Hemodialysis Patients
Protein-energy wasting is common in end-stage renal disease patients undergoing dialysis and is strongly associated with mortality and adverse outcomes. Intradialytic oral nutritional supplements (ONS) reduce risk of mortality in these patients. Large studies characterizing the impact of ONS on other outcomes are lacking. We assessed the associations between administration of ONS and clinical and nutritional outcomes. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 5, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Debbie Benner, Steven M. Brunelli, Becky Brosch, Jane Wheeler, Allen R. Nissenson Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Alkaline Diet and Metabolic Acidosis: Practical Approaches to the Nutritional Management of Chronic Kidney Disease
The kidneys play an extremely important role in maintaining the body acid –base balance by excreting nonvolatile acids and regenerating and reabsorbing bicarbonate in the kidney tubules. As the individual loses their kidney function, renal excretion of nonvolatile acid produced by metabolism of the diet is impaired, resulting in low-grade metabolic acidosis. With this i n mind, it is relevant to better understand the dietary aspects related to the acid–base balance in chronic kidney disease metabolic acidosis and try to provide possible strategies for the nutritional management of these cases. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 5, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Larissa Rodrigues Neto Ang éloco, Gabriela Cristina Arces de Souza, Elen Almeida Romão, Paula Garcia Chiarello Tags: Practical Aspects Source Type: research

Effects of Oral Nutritional Supplements on Mortality, Missed Dialysis Treatments, and Nutritional Markers in Hemodialysis Patients
Protein-energy wasting is common in end-stage renal disease patients undergoing dialysis and is strongly associated with mortality and adverse outcomes. Intradialytic oral nutritional supplements (ONS) reduce risk of mortality in these patients. Large studies characterizing the impact of ONS on other outcomes are lacking. We assessed the associations between administration of ONS and clinical and nutritional outcomes. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 5, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Debbie Benner, Steven M. Brunelli, Becky Brosch, Jane Wheeler, Allen R. Nissenson Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Alkaline Diet and Metabolic Acidosis: Practical Approaches to the Nutritional Management of Chronic Kidney Disease
The kidneys play an extremely important role in maintaining the body acid –base balance by excreting nonvolatile acids and regenerating and reabsorbing bicarbonate in the kidney tubules. As the individual loses their kidney function, renal excretion of nonvolatile acid produced by metabolism of the diet is impaired, resulting in low-grade metabolic acidosis. With this i n mind, it is relevant to better understand the dietary aspects related to the acid–base balance in chronic kidney disease metabolic acidosis and try to provide possible strategies for the nutritional management of these cases. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 5, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Larissa Rodrigues Neto Ang éloco, Gabriela Cristina Arces de Souza, Elen Almeida Romão, Paula Garcia Chiarello Tags: Practical Aspects Source Type: research

Different Dietary Patterns and New-Onset Diabetes Mellitus After Kidney Transplantation: A Cross-Sectional Study
To verify the association of dietary patterns and dietary components with new-onset diabetes mellitus after transplantation (NODAT). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 21, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Analaura Centenaro, Elis F. Pedrollo, Bruna B. Nicoletto, Roberto C. Manfro, Luiz Felipe S. Gon çalves, Cristiane B. Leitão, Gabriela C. Souza Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Effect of Change in Fluid Status Evaluated by Bioimpedance Techniques on Body Composition in Hemodialysis Patients
This prospective study uses calf bioimpedance spectroscopy (cBIS) to guide the attainment of dry weight (DWcBIS) in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate whether body composition is altered when fluid status is reduced to DWcBIS. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 20, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Samer R. Abbas, Stephan Thijssen, Erik L. Penne, Jochen G. Raimann, Li Liu, Murat H. Sipahioglu, Eric Seibert, Yuedong Wang, Yuqi Chen, Qingqing Xiao, Nathan W. Levin, Peter Kotanko, Fansan Zhu Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Frailty and the Quality of Life in Hemodialysis Patients: The Importance of Waist Circumference
Frailty among the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population is highly prevalent and has been associated with mortality. Little is known about the relation of different aspects of body composition, a modifiable risk factor, with the risk of frailty in ESRD population. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 20, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Nazanin Noori, Arti Sharma Parpia, Rajiv Lakhani, Sabrina Janes, Marc B. Goldstein Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Effect of Change in Fluid Status Evaluated by Bioimpedance Techniques on Body Composition in Hemodialysis Patients
This prospective study uses calf bioimpedance spectroscopy (cBIS) to guide the attainment of dry weight (DWcBIS) in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate whether body composition is altered when fluid status is reduced to DWcBIS. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 20, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Samer R. Abbas, Stephan Thijssen, Erik L. Penne, Jochen G. Raimann, Li Liu, Murat H. Sipahioglu, Eric Seibert, Yuedong Wang, Yuqi Chen, Qingqing Xiao, Nathan W. Levin, Peter Kotanko, Fansan Zhu Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Fatty Acids in Nephrotic Syndrome and Chronic Kidney Disease
The role of fatty acids (FAs) in inflammation and in the related chronic diseases has been demonstrated. However, there is a lack of consistent and agreed knowledge about the role of FA profile and renal physiology and pathology, most articles focusing on the effect of polyunsaturated FAs supplementation, without considering the impact of basal FA metabolism on the efficacy of the supplementation. Here, we have summarized the specific literature concerning the assessment of circulating FA in 2 renal diseases, namely nephrotic syndrome and chronic kidney disease, also under hemodialytic treatment, and have received the most...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 16, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Stefano Turolo, Alberto Edefonti, Marie Louise Syren, Franca Marangoni, William Morello, Carlo Agostoni, Giovanni Montini Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Novel Equations for Estimating Lean Body Mass in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease
Simplified methods to estimate lean body mass (LBM), an important nutritional measure representing muscle mass and somatic protein, are lacking in nondialyzed patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We developed and tested 2 reliable equations for estimation of LBM in daily clinical practice. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 15, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Xue Tian, Yuan Chen, Zhi-Kai Yang, Zhen Qu, Jie Dong Tags: Original Research Source Type: research