Translation of Nutrient Level Recommendations to Control Serum Phosphate Into Food-Based Advice
The control of hyperphosphatemia is key to the management of chronic kidney disease mineral and bone disorder. Dietary restriction of phosphorus is essential to control hyperphosphatemia. Guidelines for chronic kidney disease and end-stage kidney disease generally provide high-level guidance on whether a nutrient should be restricted e.g, restrict dietary phosphorus. Dietitians translate such guidance into nutrient-based strategies and finally into food-based practical dietary advice for patients to follow. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - July 3, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Fiona N. Byrne, Barbara Gillman, Mairead Kiely, Maria Bowles, Pauline Connolly, Joyce Earlie, Jean Murphy, Theresa Rennick, Emer O' Reilly, Frances Shiely, Patricia Kearney, Joseph Eustace Tags: Practical Aspects Source Type: research

Effects of Probiotics on Malnutrition and Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Alterations in the gut microbiota and host responses have been implicated in the progression of end-stage renal disease, increased cardiovascular risk, uremic toxicity, and inflammation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of probiotics on malnutrition and health-related quality of life in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 30, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yangbin Pan, Liyan Yang, Binbin Dai, Beiduo Lin, Songhua Lin, Enqin Lin Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Plant-Based Diets, the Gut Microbiota, and Trimethylamine N-Oxide Production in Chronic Kidney Disease: Therapeutic Potential and Methodological Considerations
High circulating trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In individuals with CKD, reduced kidney function leads to decreased excretion of TMAO, which results in accumulation in the circulation. Higher circulating TMAO has been linked to higher intake of animal-based foods in omnivorous diets. Thus, plant-based diets have been suggested as an intervention to slow the progression of CKD and reduce cardiovascular risk, perhaps explained in part by reduced TMAO production. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 29, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Gretchen N. Wiese, Annabel Biruete, Ranjani N. Moorthi, Sharon M. Moe, Stephen R. Lindemann, Kathleen M. Hill Gallant Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Whole-Food Low-Protein Plant-Based Nutrition to Prevent or Slow Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease
Whole-food, low-protein, plant-based diets can be both nutritionally adequate and provide benefit to treat patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who desire to delay or avoid dialysis and  maintain wellness. While the precise amount of protein should be determined with a registered dietitian, low protein is typically defined as 0.6-.75 g per kilogram of body weight or 0.3 g per kilogram of body weight with supplementation. Several explanations exist to describe the benefit of thi s approach. Furthermore, patients will likely adhere to this eating pattern if they have clear goals and beliefs that the...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 23, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jennifer Moore Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Revising Dietary Phosphorus Advice in Chronic Kidney Disease G3-5D
We summarize how practicing dietitians combined available evidence with clinical experience, to define revised dietary recommendations for phosphorus in chronic kidney disease G3-5D. As well as a review of the evidence base, 4 priority topics were reviewed. These were translated into 3 nutrient level recommendations: the introduction of some plant protein where phosphorus is largely bound by phytate; consideration of protein intake in terms of phosphorus load and the phosphorus to protein ratio; and an increased focus on avoiding phosphate additives. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 22, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Fiona N. Byrne, Barbara Gillman, Mairead Kiely, Maria Bowles, Pauline Connolly, Joyce Earlie, Jean Murphy, Theresa Rennick, Emer O ’ Reilly, Frances Shiely, Patricia Kearney, Joseph Eustace Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Efficacy of Exercise Therapy Initiated in the Early Phase After Kidney Transplantation: A Pilot Study
In patients with kidney transplant (KT), frailty is a predictor of adverse outcomes. Outcomes of exercise therapy in patients with KT, particularly the efficacy of early exercise after KT, have not been evaluated. We investigated the effect of exercise intervention beginning early after KT on physical performance, physical activity, quality of life, and kidney function in patients with KT. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 2, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shohei Yamamoto, Ryota Matsuzawa, Tsukasa Kamitani, Keika Hoshi, Daisuke Ishii, Fumino Noguchi, Nobuaki Hamazaki, Kohei Nozaki, Takafumi Ichikawa, Emi Maekawa, Atsuhiko Matsunaga, Kazunari Yoshida Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Dietary Phosphate Consumption in Australians With Stages 3b and 4 Chronic Kidney Disease
This study examined a cohort of CKD patients to determine total dietary intake and common food sources of phosphate, including phosphate additives. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 25, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Marguerite Conley, Nicole Lioufas, Nigel D. Toussaint, Grahame J. Elder, Sunil V. Badve, Carmel M. Hawley, Elaine M. Pascoe, Eugenia Pedagogos, Andrea Valks, Katrina L. Campbell Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Message from the Chair of the Council on Renal Nutrition
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 14, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Beth Shanaman Source Type: research

Management of Hyperphosphatemia in End-Stage Renal Disease: A New Paradigm
Bone and mineral metabolism becomes dysregulated with progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and increasing levels of parathyroid hormone serve as an adaptive response to maintain normal phosphorus and calcium levels. In end-stage renal disease, this response becomes maladaptive and high levels of phosphorus may occur. We summarize strategies to control hyperphosphatemia based on a systematic literature review of clinical trial and real-world observational data on phosphorus control in hemodialysis patients with CKD-mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 5, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Anjay Rastogi, Nisha Bhatt, Sandro Rossetti, Judith Beto Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Benefits of a Holiday-Specific Nutrition Guide for Individuals With Chronic Kidney Disease
Following the medical nutrition therapy guidelines for a kidney specific diet is important to reduce the risk and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) to kidney failure. As CKD progresses, adhering to a kidney diet for individuals with CKD is important to manage symptoms and prevent malnutrition. Nutrition recommendations vary between CKD stages 1-5; however, they all revolve around the same nutrient groups: protein, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and fats.1 Given that patients will require different quantities of these nutrients, it is crucial to supply them with information that encompasses a wide range of needs. ...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 4, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rachel Tetlie, Chilsea Bindosano Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Relationship Between Low Handgrip Strength and Chronic Kidney Disease: KNHANES 2014-2017
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between CKD and handgrip strength (HGS) in the Korean population. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 4, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yae Lim Lee, Heejin Jin, Jae-Young Lim, Sang Yoon Lee Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 29, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 29, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 29, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Keeping the Diet Simple and Natural in Chronic Kidney Disease: A South African-Based Dietary Infographic
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is highly prevalent within South Africa.1 End-stage renal disease requires renal replacement therapies such as dialysis or transplant. However, due to limited resources in the public sector, very few patients are accepted into renal replacement programs.2 Goals of dietary management aim to treat many of the nutritional complications of the disease including metabolic bone disease, anemia, metabolic acidosis, and malnutrition.3 It is therefore imperative that measures are sought to delay the progression of the disease as well as minimize and manage symptoms for patients on dialysis. (Source: Jou...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 15, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ebrahim Zarina, Esau Nazeema, Lynette Cilliers Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Differences and Effects of Metabolic Fate of Individual Amino Acid Loss in High-Efficiency Hemodialysis and Hemodiafiltration
The objective of the study was to quantify the loss and arterial blood concentration of the three main classes of amino acids (AAs) —nonessential amino acids (NEAAs), essential amino acids (EAAs), and branched-chain amino acids—as resulting from high-efficiency hemodialysis (HED) and hemodiafiltration (HDF). We moreover aimed to identify the different fates and metabolic effects manifested in patients undergoing hemodialysis and the consequences on body composition and influence of nutritional decline into protein energy wasting. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 14, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Stefano Murtas, Roberto Aquilani, Paolo Iadarola, M.L. Deiana, R. Secci, M. Cadeddu, Piergiorgio Bolasco Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Selenium and All-cause Mortality in End-Stage Renal Disease. Retrospective Observational Cohort Study
The objectives of the study were to determine whether low plasma selenium levels ( (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 8, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ar ánzazu Anadón Ruiz, Elena Martín Jiménez, Pilar Bermejo-Barrera, Rafael Lozano, Victoria Martínez-Echevarría Seijas Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Dietary Protein Source and Phosphate Levels in Patients on Hemodialysis
To determine the sources of protein and phosphorus levels from the food consumed by patients on dialysis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 7, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rosalia Garcia-Torres, Lufei Young, David P. Murray, Mufaddal Kheda, N. Stanley Nahman Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Experiences of the Dietary Management of Serum Potassium in Chronic Kidney Disease: Interviews With UK Adults on Maintenance Hemodialysis
Dietary potassium restrictions in kidney disease are complex to follow and may reduce quality of life. However, details on this impact are sparse. We therefore sought to explore patients ’ perspectives on the experienced impact of following low-potassium diets, to inform clinical practice and research. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 6, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Andrew Morris, Deborah Lycett Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 and a Vegetarian Diet
Sparse data exist on population distributions of serum fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) levels from developing, middle-income economies. FGF23 levels may differ substantially across regions based on differences in diet and urbanization. In a population-based study from North India, we tested the hypothesis that urinary phosphate excretion and FGF23 levels are lower among rural compared with urban participants, and among vegetarian compared with nonvegetarian participants. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shuchi Anand, Ram Jagannathan, Ruby Gupta, Sailesh Mohan, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Myles Wolf Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Impact of Nutrition and Diet on COVID-19 Infection and Implications for Kidney Health and Kidney Disease Management
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Linda W. Moore Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Hand Grip Strength and Nutritional Status Determined by Malnutrition Inflammation Score and Biochemical Parameters in Hemodialysis Patients
In hemodialysis patients, malnutrition and inflammation are prominent determinants of mortality. Reduced muscle mass is considered to be one of the most valid criteria in malnutrition diagnosis, and hand grip strength (HGS) is used as an efficient tool for evaluating muscle functioning. The aim of this study was to determine if HGS is associated with the nutritional status determined with malnutrition-inflammation score (MIS) and biochemical parameters in HD patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 18, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hasan Bakkal, Oguzhan S ıtkı Dizdar, Selahattin Erdem, Sinan Kulakoğlu, Berkan Akcakaya, Yavuz Katırcılar, Koray Uludag Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Racial Differences in the Associations Between Food Insecurity and Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study
Food insecurity is associated with consumption of phosphate additive-laden processed food and beverage products, which could result in higher levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) to compensate for the increased dietary phosphate load. We sought to determine whether food insecurity is associated with higher levels of FGF23. We stratified analyses by race since differences may occur between food insecurity and diet quality across races. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 6, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lindsay R. Pool, Kiarri N. Kershaw, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Orlando M. Guti érrez, Jared P. Reis, Tamara Isakova, Myles Wolf, Mercedes R. Carnethon Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Let Them Eat Healthy: Can Emerging Potassium Binders Help Overcome Dietary Potassium Restrictions in Chronic Kidney Disease?
Potassium-rich foods might provide many health benefits even to people who have declining renal function. The barrier to obtaining these health benefits has long been the concern over hyperkalemia. There are new and novel treatment options available which may enable patients with chronic kidney disease to obtain the health benefits of eating a diet that contains foods such as fruits and vegetables which are high in potassium while reducing the risk of hyperkalemia. We conclude by emphasizing the need for clinical trials with patients on hemodialysis to directly compare the current standard of care, including a potassium-re...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 6, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Elizabeth J. Sussman, Bhupinder Singh, Deborah Clegg, Biff F. Palmer, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Approaches to Obesity Management in Dialysis Settings: Renal Dietitian Perspectives
Over 40% of individuals in the United States with end-stage kidney disease have obesity. Little is known about renal dietitian perspectives on obesity management in the setting of dialysis dependence. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 4, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Aditi Suresh, Lucy Robinson, Brandy-Joe Milliron, Kristin Leonberg, Mara McAdams-DeMarco, Carrie Earthman, Ann Klassen, Meera N. Harhay Tags: Research Brief Source Type: research

The Normalized Protein Catabolic Rate and Mortality Risk of Patients on Hemodialysis by Frailty Status: The Japanese Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Pattern Study
The appropriate protein intake for patients on hemodialysis complicated with frailty remains highly controversial. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 28, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jumpei Hasegawa, Miho Kimachi, Noriaki Kurita, Eiichiro Kanda, Sachiko Wakai, Kosaku Nitta Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Survive and Thrive with Chronic Kidney Disease: An Education and Prevention Program
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Knowledge Differences of Renal Diet by Sociodemographic & Clinical Factors in a Non-Dialysis CKD Population
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Ethnic Specific Renal Dietary Resources for Black, Asian, and Minority Ethnic (BAME) in United Kingdom with Hyperkalaemia
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Effects of a Renal Nordic Walking Program on Quality of Life and Fitness in Renal Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Examining Accuracy of MyFitnessPal Dietary App in Determining Dietary Intake Compared to Gold Standard 24-Hour Urine Collection and Dietary Recall Method
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Patient Experiences with Kidney Transplant Prohibited by Obesity
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Lipid Accumulation Product: A Simple Practical Indicator for Visceral Fat in Post-Renal Transplant Recipients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Relationship Between Potential Renal Acid Load and Biochemical Values in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Conversion from Epoetin Alfa to Darbepoetin Alfa in Hemodialysis Patients: Effectiveness and Variability in Anemia Treatment
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Vitamin A Deficiency as a Cause of Visual Disturbance in ESRD
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Dietary Fat Intake and Mortality Risk in a Prospective Hemodialysis Cohort
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Dietary Fiber and Mortality Across Kidney Function in a Nationally Representative Cohort
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Description of Oral Nutrition Supplement (ONS) Prescriptions in BC Kidney Care Clinics (KCC)
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Association Between Subjective Global Assessment and Body Composition Measurements among Individuals on Maintenance Hemodialysis
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Relevance of the Malnutrition Inflammation Score in Hemodialysis Patients: 42-Months Follow-Up
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Dietary Phosphorus Intake and All-Cause Mortality in a Diverse Hemodialysis Patient Cohort
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The Association Between RD Staffing Ratios and Facility or Staff Quality in U.S. Dialysis Facilities
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Thank You to Our Reviewers
The voluntary peer review process is at the heart of an academic journal. The Journal of Renal Nutrition relies on the expertise and judgment of its reviewers to maintain the high standards of the papers that it publishes. We know that the work of a reviewer requires a significant amount of time and effort and we appreciate the commitment that you make. Therefore, the editors would like to publicly acknowledge the individuals who have served as reviewers for the Journal from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Acknowledgments Source Type: research

Engaging Nutrition and Diet for Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Prevention of Kidney Disease: The World Kidney Day 2020
The concept of the World Kidney Day (WKD) was developed in 2006 by the International Federation of Kidney Foundations and the International Society of Nephrology. The WKD is a global campaign initiative aimed at improving education and raising awareness of the importance of kidney health and to help reduce frequency and impact of kidney disease and its associated health problems worldwide. Each year, on the second Thursday of March, and also during the entire month of March, the WKD is acknowledged and celebrated throughout the world with many diverse events and innovative activities including public health screenings, mar...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Linda W. Moore Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Breakfast Ideas for Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease
After the diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD), a restricted diet may be necessary to avoid additional stress on the kidneys, as well as avoiding further health complications.1 With the vast information available on the internet, one can find countless recipes for every meal, health concern, and occasion. Recipes and meal ideas for CKD are no exception. However, one should exercise caution and use their best judgment when using recipes from online searches as not all sources are credible. In addition, while there is an abundance of lunch and dinner ideas, breakfast ideas for patients with CKD are in a seemingly shorte...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hannah Skaggs Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Development and Validation of an Application for Follow-up of Patients Undergoing Dialysis: NefroPort átil
To develop the NefroPortatil mobile application (app) and evaluate its effects on the management of patients undergoing dialysis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lu ís Cláudio Santos Pinto, Mariseth Carvalho Andrade, Rafael Oliveira Chaves, Larine Laís Brito Lopes, Kelvin Gaia Maués, Andrew Moraes Monteiro, Matheus Bezerra Nascimento, Charles Alberto Villacorta Barros Tags: Original Research Source Type: research