Lean Tissue Index and Body Cell Mass Can Be Predictors of Low Free Testosterone Levels in Men on Hemodialysis
Testosterone deficiency is a common disorder among men treated with hemodialysis. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between free testosterone levels and body composition, biochemical markers of nutritional status, and inflammation in men on hemodialysis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Aleksandra Rymarz, Anna Matyjek, Ma łgorzata Gomółka, Stanisław Niemczyk Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Short-Term Effects of Branched-Chain Amino Acids –Enriched Dialysis Fluid on Branched-Chain Amino Acids Plasma Level and Mass Balance: A Randomized Cross-Over Study
The hemodialysis (HD) session per se is a catabolic event contributing to protein –energy wasting via several mechanisms including nutrient losses. Amino acids (AAs) losses in the dialysate are estimated from 6 to 10 g per treatment. The HD patient plasma AA concentration is usually lower than in normal subjects. This is even more marked in patients with long dialysis vintage or malnutrition. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Patrik Deleaval, Benoit Luaire, Philippe Laffay, Dorine Jambut-Cadon, Manuela Stauss-Grabo, Bernard Canaud, Charles Chazot Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Remote Dietary Counseling Using Smartphone Applications in Patients With Stages 1-3a Chronic Kidney Disease: A Mixed Methods Feasibility Study
Although healthy dietary patterns are associated with decreased mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), few patients receive dietitian counseling due to concerns such as dietitian availability, travel distance, and cost. Our objective was to determine the feasibility of dietary smartphone application –supported telecounseling to reduce sodium intake and improve dietary quality in patients with early CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Alex R. Chang, Lisa Bailey-Davis, Vonda Hetherington, Anna Ziegler, Christina Yule, Sara Kwiecen, Elisabeth Graboski, Melissa M. Melough, Charlotte Collins, Cheryl Anderson Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Validation of a New Physical Activity Instrument Against Pedometers Among Dialysis Patients
The newly developed Low Physical Activity Questionnaire (LoPAQ) was designed to capture the low activity level among typically sedentary patients undergoing dialysis and correlated well with a physical activity questionnaire used in the general population. However, this instrument has not been validated against a more objective measure. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Piyawan Kittiskulnam, Anoop Sheshadri, Kirsten L. Johansen Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

May Meeting Announcements
May 8-12, 2019 National Kidney Foundation (NKF) Spring Clinical Meeting, Hynes Convention Center, Boston, MA. Visit www.kidney.org or call 800-622-9010. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Table of Contents for National Kidney Foundation 2019 Spring Clinical Meeting Abstracts May 8 – 12, 2019
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Disease-Specific Nutrient Intakes of Adults Receiving Maintenance Hemodialysis
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Development of Education Technology for Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: A Qualitative Assessment of African American Adults
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Utilizing the Lean Launchpad Method to Determine Feasibility of Creating Interactive Digital Media As A Health Education Tool for Phosphorus Management in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Dietary N-3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Renal Transplant Recipients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Nutritional Status and Dietary Intake in Predicting Mortality Among Hemodialysis Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Comparing Hemodialysis (HD) Access Type on Nutrition Status, Hospitalization and Mortality
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Albumin, Body Mass Index and Lean Tissue Mass: Is This Combination Useful for Predicting Mortality in Haemodialysis Patients?
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Appropriate Use and Interpretation of BMI in Adults With CKD: Findings From a Systematic Review
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Comparison of Predictive Equations Among Hospitalized Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Diabetes Management Behaviors are Associated With Reduced Risk of Falling Among Patients With Kidney Disease
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

High Dietary Ratio of N-6/N-3 Fatty Acids Intake May Adversely Predict for Muscle Mass in Patients With Post Kidney Transplantation
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Impact of Nutrition Supplements on Hospitalization Rates in Incident Hemodialysis Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Test-Retest Reliability and Validity of the Nutrition-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Medical Nutrition Therapy Improves Primary Nutrition Outcomes in Adults With CKD: A Systematic Review
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Real-World Experience With Etelcalcetide in the Management of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in the Hemodialysis (HD) Clinic
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Comparison of Predictive Energy Equations for Estimating Total Energy Expenditure Among Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Factors Associated With Change in Skin Autofluorescence in Dialysis Patients: A Prospective Study
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Skin Autofluorescence and Malnutrition As Predictors of Mortality in Dialysis Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Pre-Emptive Rehabilitation in Persons Approaching Dialysis (PREHAB)
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

High –Resistant Starch, Low-Protein Flour Intervention on Patients With Early Type 2 Diabetic Nephropathy: A Randomized Trial
The objective of this study is to explore the effect of high –resistant starch (RS), low-protein flour as a source of RS on patients with early type 2 diabetic nephropathy (DN) through the clinical intervention trial. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 11, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yan Meng, Hao Bai, Qingtao Yu, Jin Yan, Lili Zhao, Shijun Wang, Zhaoping Li, Qian Wang, Liyong Chen Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Clinical Taste Perception Test for Patients With End-Stage Kidney Disease on Dialysis
The aim of this study was to validate a direct taste perception test (TPT) and evaluate its performance in patients on dialysis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 9, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Roxana M. M árquez-Herrera, Gabriela K. Núñez-Murillo, Claudia G. Ruíz-Gurrola, Erika F. Gómez-García, Claudia N. Orozco-González, Laura Cortes-Sanabria, Alfonso M. Cueto-Manzano, Enrique Rojas-Campos Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Bioimpedance Underestimates Bone Mineral Content in Association With High Levels of Phosphate
Recently, Zhou Y et  al.1 published an interesting study that compared body composition measurements obtained from the gold standard dual-energy absorptiometry (DXA) and bioimpedance (BIA). The authors stated that these two methods were compared in previous studies in patients on hemodialysis (HD)2 and peritoneal dial ysis,3 showing that BIA overestimated fat mass (FM) in patients on HD and underestimated in patients on peritoneal dialysis. However, because there are several commercially available devices, the accuracy of BIA devices to measure the human body composition might vary largely. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 6, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shirley Ferraz Crispilho, Kalyanna Soares Bezerra, Maria Aparecida Dalboni, Rosa Maria R. Pereira, Rosilene M. Elias, Rosa M.A. Moyses Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Effects of Low Protein Diet on Nuclear Factor Erythroid 2 –Related Factor 2 Gene Expression in Nondialysis Chronic Kidney Disease Patients
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of LPD on Nfr2 and NF- κB messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in nondialysis CKD patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Juliana Saraiva dos Anjos, Ludmila Ferreira Medeiros de Fran ça Cardozo, Ana Paula Black, Greicielle Santos da Silva, Drielly Cristhiny Mendes de Vargas Reis, Roberta Salarolli, José Carlos Carraro-Eduardo, Denise Mafra Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Synergistic Effect of Inflammatory Cytokines and Body Adiposity on Insulin Resistance and Endothelial Markers in Patients With Stages 3-5 Chronic Kidney Disease
High body adiposity, inflammatory cytokines, insulin resistance (IR), and the endothelial markers —soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1)—are among cardiovascular risk factors observed in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Synergistic interaction of inflammatory cytokines with adiposity on IR, sICAM-1, and sVCAM-1 has not been report ed in nondialysis-dependent CKD (NDD-CKD) patients. Thus the study aim was to evaluate the interaction of inflammatory cytokines on the association of body adiposity with the cardiometabolic risk factors—IR, sICAM-1, ...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Maria In ês Barreto Silva, Márcia R.S.T. Klein, Érida S. Cardoso, Mariana S. Costa, Cyro J.M. Martins, Rachel Bregman Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Estimating 24-Hour Urinary Sodium Excretion From Spot Urine Samples in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients
Spot urine sodium and associated estimating equations provide a suitable alternative assessment of 24-hour sodium excretion in many large-scale studies, but not in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with decreased renal function. Herein, we aimed to develop a novel predictive equation. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jiachang Hu, Yimei Wang, Nana Song, Xiaoyan Zhang, Jie Teng, Jianzhou Zou, Xiaoqiang Ding Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Bowel Habits and the Association With Uremic Toxins in Non –Dialysis-Dependent Chronic Kidney Disease Patients
The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between bowel habits and microbial-derived uremic toxins p-cresyl sulfate (PCS) and indoxyl sulfate (IS) in patients with non –dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (NDD-CKD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christiane Ishikawa Ramos, Rachel Gatti Armani, Maria Eugenia Canziani, Carla Juliana Ribeiro Dolenga, Lia Sumie Nakao, Katrina Louise Campbell, Lilian Cuppari Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease Basics: Part One
An estimated 14.8% of adults have chronic kidney disease (CKD).1 Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is classified according to the presence of microalbuminuria or macroalbuminuria.2 Of the 30 million US individuals with diabetes, those who met any criteria for DKD is estimated at 26.2%. Using 2010 census data, this translates to a prevalence of approximately 8.2 million people with any DKD, including 4.6 million people with albuminuria, 1.9 million people with macroalbuminuria, 4.5 million people with reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and 0.9 million people with severely reduced eGFR. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Amy Hess Fischl Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index Is Predictive of Subjective Global Assessment and Dialysis Malnutrition Scores in Elderly Patients on Hemodialysis
Malnutrition is a frequent complication in patients on hemodialysis (HD), even if its adequate appraisal remains one of the most complicated challenges in the HD scenario because of the limits of current malnutrition biomarkers. The aim of our study was to assess the relation of subjective nutritional tools Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) and Dialysis Malnutrition Score (DMS) with the objective malnutrition tool Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) in elderly patients on HD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 7, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Leonardo Spatola, Silvia Finazzi, Silvia Santostasi, Claudio Angelini, Salvatore Badalamenti Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Successful Kidney Transplantation Is Associated With Weight Gain From Truncal Obesity and Insulin Resistance
The objective of this study is to compare changes in body composition, lifestyle factors, and metabolic responses occurring in living kidney transplant recipient patients after transplantation. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 6, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Biruh Workeneh, Linda W. Moore, Joy V. Nolte Fong, Roman Shypailo, A. Osama Gaber, William E. Mitch Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Body Fat Estimation in Kidney Transplant Recipients: Skinfolds Thickness Compared With Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry
The aim of the study was to compare the method of estimating the body fat percentage (BF%) by skinfold thickness to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in kidney transplant recipients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 6, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Aline Daiane Steffen Kemmerich, Elis Forcellini Pedrollo, Gabriela Corr êa Souza, Roberto Ceratti Manfro, Luis Henrique Canani, Bruna Bellincanta Nicoletto Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Prediction of Mortality and Hospitalization Risk Using Nutritional Indicators and Their Changes Over Time in a Large Prevalent Hemodialysis Cohort
Malnutrition and protein –energy wasting are associated with morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. Existing nutritional scores rely primarily on cross-sectional data. Using readily available nutritional indicators, we developed models to predict the risk of mortality and hospitalization in prevalent hemodialys is patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 6, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Michelle M.Y. Wong, Stephan Thijssen, Yuedong Wang, Len A. Usvyat, Qingqing Xiao, Peter Kotanko, Franklin W. Maddux Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Alcohol Consumption and Incident Kidney Disease: Results From the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
Moderate alcohol consumption has been found to be associated with lower risk of coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction, which share similar risk factors and pathophysiology with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there is inconsistent evidence on the association between alcohol consumption and CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 5, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Emily A. Hu, Mariana Lazo, Sarah D. Rosenberg, Morgan E. Grams, Lyn M. Steffen, Josef Coresh, Casey M. Rebholz Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Phosphate Binders and Nonphosphate Effects in the Gastrointestinal Tract
Phosphate binders are commonly prescribed in patients with end-stage kidney disease to prevent and treat hyperphosphatemia. These binders are usually associated with gastrointestinal distress, may bind molecules other than phosphate, and may alter the gut microbiota, altogether having systemic effects unrelated to phosphate control. Sevelamer is the most studied of the available binders for nonphosphate-related effects including binding to bile acids, endotoxins, gut microbiota –derived metabolites, and advanced glycation end products. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Annabel Biruete, Kathleen M. Hill Gallant, Stephen R. Lindemann, Gretchen N. Wiese, Neal X. Chen, Sharon M. Moe Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Handgrip Strength as a Predictor of All-Cause Mortality in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease Undergoing Dialysis: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies
The aim of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of the association between handgrip strength (HGS) and all-cause mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing dialysis. We evaluated eligible studies by searching PubMed and EMBASE databases up to December 2, 2018. A total of 9 prospective cohort studies were included in this meta-analysis. When we compared patients with low HGS to those with high HGS, the summary risk ratio of all-cause mortality was 1.88 (95% confidence interval 1.51-2.33; P   (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Seo-Hyeon Hwang, Dong Hoon Lee, Jihee Min, Justin Y. Jeon Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Association Between Serum Prealbumin Level and Outcomes in Prevalent Kidney Transplant Recipients
Prealbumin, a transport protein mostly synthesized in the liver, is a marker of nutrition. Although decreased prealbumin levels are associated with increased mortality in end-stage kidney disease patients, its association with mortality in kidney transplant recipients remains unknown. We evaluated the association between prealbumin levels and outcomes in kidney transplant recipients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 25, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Abduzhappar Gaipov, Christopher D. Jackson, Manish Talwar, Vasanthi Balaraman, Arijit Chakravarty, Orsolya Cseprekal, Zoltan Mathe, Adam Remport, Csaba P. Kovesdy, James D. Eason, Istvan Mucsi, Miklos Z. Molnar Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Effects of OMEGA-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation Upon Interleukin-12 and Interleukin-18 in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a leading cause of mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Interventions targeting traditional risk factors have largely proven ineffective in CKD patients in part because of the increased role of nontraditional risk factors such as chronic inflammation. Omega-3 fatty acids ( ω3FA) are inexpensive and safe natural agents, which target inflammation and have potential cardioprotective benefits. The aim of the study was to determine the effects of ω3FA supplementation upon serum interleukin (IL)-12, IL-18, and highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) in patients ...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 22, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kenneth Yong, Trevor Mori, Gerard Chew, Lawrence J. Beilin, Ian Puddey, Gerald F. Watts, Ashley Irish, Gursharan Dogra, Neil Boudville, Wai Lim Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Thank You to Our Reviewers
The voluntary peer review process is at the heart of an academic journal. The Journal of Renal Nutrition relies on the expertise and judgment of its reviewers to maintain the high standards of the papers that it publishes. We know that the work of a reviewer requires a significant amount of time and effort and we appreciate the commitment that you make. Therefore, the editors would like to publicly acknowledge the individuals who have served as reviewers for the Journal from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Acknowledgments Source Type: research

Message From the Chair of the Council on Renal Nutrition
As our fiscal year ends at the National Kidney Foundation (NKF), I find myself writing my final message to our amazing members. I feel beyond honored and humbled to serve you all over the last year. I hope we remember this year as one of progress, collaboration, and continuous improvement. The Council on Renal Nutrition (CRN) has worked on many inspiring projects, and we are hopeful to see the fruition of others as 2019 continues. I would like to congratulate all our prestigious award winners, our newly elected Executive Committee members, our grant and stipend recipients, and our recipe contest winner. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christine Benedetti Tags: Message From the Chairperson Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 20, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research