Glycemic Status and Mortality in Chronic Kidney Disease According to Transition Versus Nontransition to Dialysis
The impact of glycemic control in diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who may or may not transition to dialysis remains uncertain, given recent interest in the conservative management of advanced CKD without dialysis therapy, which may benefit from alternative glycemic control strategies. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 15, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Connie M. Rhee, Csaba P. Kovesdy, Vanessa A. Ravel, Elani Streja, John J. Sim, Amy S. You, Justin Gatwood, Alpesh N. Amin, Miklos Z. Molnar, Danh V. Nguyen, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Obesity and Mortality in End-Stage Renal Disease. Is It Time to Reverse the “Reverse Epidemiology”—at Least in Peritoneal Dialysis?
With the rising incidence of chronic kidney disease, there has been a steady growth of the hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) population. Prevalence of obesity has also been on the rise. It has been proposed by some that obesity helps with survival in HD and possibly in PD patients —a concept called “Reverse Epidemiology.” Here, we attempt to explore this phenomenon in the HD and PD populations and see specifically if it is time to reverse this concept. A MEDLINE search was performed using search terms: obesity, body mass index, end-stage renal disease, HD, PD, renal dia lysis, mortality, surv...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 15, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Talha H. Imam, Karen J. Coleman Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis –Derived Phase Angle Predicts Protein–Energy Wasting in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients
To explore the validity of using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA)-derived 50  kHz phase angle (PhA) in predicting protein–energy wasting (PEW) in Chinese maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rong-shao Tan, Dan-hua Liang, Yan Liu, Xiao-shi Zhong, Dong-sheng Zhang, Jing Ma Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Vitamin B6 in Pediatric Renal Transplant Recipients
Our aim was to assess the vitamin B6 intake and biochemical status in a sample of children who have undergone renal transplantation. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 10, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Matthew Harmer, Stephen Wootton, Rodney Gilbert, Caroline Anderson Tags: Research Brief Source Type: research

Prebiotic, Probiotic, and Synbiotic Supplementation in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Gut dysbiosis has been implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Restoring gut microbiota with prebiotic, probiotic, and synbiotic supplementation has emerged as a potential therapeutic intervention but has not been systematically evaluated in the CKD population. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 23, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Catherine McFarlane, Christiane I. Ramos, David W. Johnson, Katrina L. Campbell Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Farewell Editorial
Eight years later as we prepare to welcome the new co-Editors-in-Chief, we have decided to share some reflections on our term and some thoughts about the future of the Journal of Renal Nutrition (JRN). To begin, we are deeply grateful for the support of our Associate Editors (Deborah Brommage, MS, RD, CSR, CDN; Laura  Byham-Gray, PhD, RD; and Juan Jesus Carrero, PhD), Feature Editors (Patient Education: Catherine Goeddeke-Merickel, MS, RD, LD, and Stacey Phillips, MS, RD; Product Update: Jennifer Kernc, RD, CSR, LD, and Sharon Stall, MPH, RD, CSR, CDN), editorial board members, and the hundreds of reviewers and author...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jerrilynn D. Burrowes, Christoph Wanner Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

November Meeting Announcements
February 26 - March 1, 2019 24th International Conference on Advances in Critical Care Nephrology (AKI& CRRT) 2019, San Diego, CA. Visit http://crrtonline.com/ or call 858-272-1018. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Global Prevalence of Protein-Energy Wasting in Kidney Disease: A Meta-analysis of Contemporary Observational Studies From the International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism
To better define the prevalence of protein-energy wasting (PEW) in kidney disease is poorly defined. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Juan J. Carrero, Fridtjof Thomas, Krist óf Nagy, Fatiu Arogundade, Carla M. Avesani, Maria Chan, Michal Chmielewski, Antonio C. Cordeiro, Angeles Espinosa-Cuevas, Enrico Fiaccadori, Fitsum Guebre-Egziabher, Rosa K. Hand, Adriana M. Hung, Talat A. Ikizler Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Message From the CRN Chair
It is hard to believe 2018 will be coming to an end soon. I hope everyone's holiday season is filled with the joy, warmth, and family that truly make this a special time of year. The Council on Renal Nutrition (CRN) has had a busy fall. I would like to congratulate all our prestigious award winners, our newly elected Executive Committee members, our grant recipients, and our recipe contest winner. As nephrology dietitians, we have an incredible peer network, and it is fantastic to see so many being honored through the National Kidney Foundation (NKF). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christine Benedetti Tags: Message From the Chairperson Source Type: research

Not All Protein Cookies Are Created Equal
Protein cookies seem to have sprung fully formed overnight into the aisles of local grocers. Wegmans, our local Rochester, NY supermarket, is all about protein cookies. In fact, they carry a good variety, many inhabiting the high-visibility end-cap display to catch shoppers' attention. But grocers are not the only place that you can find protein cookies. They are ubiquitous and available at movies, the gym, airports, and convenience stores. Protein cookies practically sell themselves because they have eye-catching packaging, often make multiple health claims, and appeal to the current protein craze. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Amy Alquist, Sharon Stall Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Differences between Measured Total Nitrogen Losses in Spent Peritoneal Dialysate Effluent and Estimated Nitrogen Losses
Patients treated by peritoneal dialysis (PD) are at increased risk of muscle wasting, and clinical guidelines recommend assessing dietary intake, by calculating protein equivalent of nitrogen appearance (PNA) to assure protein sufficiency. The PNA equations were developed many years ago, and we wished to re-evaluate them by comparing estimated and measured peritoneal nitrogen losses. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Surachet Vongsanim, Clara Salame, Simon Eaton, George Grimble, Andrew Davenport Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Differences in Amino Acid Loss Between High-Efficiency Hemodialysis and Postdilution and Predilution Hemodiafiltration Using High Convection Volume Exchange —A New Metabolic Scenario? A Pilot Study
The objective of the study was to quantify the loss of total amino acids (TAAs), nonessential amino acids, essential amino acids, and branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) produced by high-efficiency hemodialysis (HEHD), postdilution hemodiafiltration (HDFpost), and predilution hemodiafiltration (HDFpre) using high ultrafiltration volumes; and to define the specific AA losses registered in HEHD, HDFpost, and HDFpre; to identify a potential metabolic and nutritional decline into protein energy wasting; to compare AA analysis of arterial blood samples taken from healthy controls and patients with end-stage renal disease undergo...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 16, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Stefano Murtas, Roberto Aquilani, Maria Luisa Deiana, Paolo Iadarola, Romina Secci, Mariella Cadeddu, Stefano Salis, Doriana Serpi, Piergiorgio Bolasco Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Renal Safety of L-Carnitine, L-Arginine, and Glutamine in Athletes and Bodybuilders
One of the major concerns about taking amino acid supplements is their potential adverse effects on the kidney as a major organ involved in the metabolism and excretion of exogenous substances. The aim of this study is to review available data about renal safety of the most prominent amino acid supplements including L-arginine, glutamine and also L-carnitine as well as creatine (as amino acid derivatives) in athletes and bodybuilders.The literature was searched by keywords such as “L-carnitine”, “L-arginine”, “glutamine”, and “kidney injury” in databases such as Scopus, Medli...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 16, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Dorna Davani-Davari, Iman Karimzadeh, Mohammad Mahdi Sagheb, Hossein Khalili Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Cooking Legumes: A Way for Their Inclusion in the Renal Patient Diet
It has been observed that the consumption of legumes within a varied and Mediterranean diet has beneficial effects in prevention and control of many diseases, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recently, legumes have also been considered a good source of protein for CKD patients. However, despite their benefits, guidelines still recommend a limit to their consumption by these patients because of legumes ’ high potassium and phosphorus content, which are minerals whose intake must be controlled. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 12, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Montserrat Mart ínez-Pineda, Cristina Yagüe-Ruiz, Alberto Caverni-Muñoz, Antonio Vercet-Tormo Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Prevalence of Pica in Patients on Dialysis and its Association With Nutritional Status
The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of pica and its association with nutritional status in dialysis patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 12, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Claudia N. Orozco-Gonz ález, Laura Cortés-Sanabria, Alfonso M. Cueto-Manzano, Beatriz Corona-Figueroa, Héctor R. Martínez-Ramírez, Jorge López-Leal, Fabiola Martín-del-Campo, Enrique Rojas-Campos, Benjamín Gómez-Navarro Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Role of Calcium to Citrate Ratio in Predicting Stone Formation in Idiopathic Hypercalciuria Children (2-12  Years Old)
Considering the predictive role of the relatively low urinary citrate for stone formation, especially in hypercalciuric patients, this study is aimed at comparing urine calcium to citrate (Ca/Cit) ratio in 3 groups of children, including patients with idiopathic hypercalciuria with and without renal stone as well as the healthy children. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 12, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Farshid Kompani, Ehsan Valavi, Parisa Amuri, Neda Mohtasham Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Truncal Adiposity Influences High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels and Cardiovascular Events in Hemodialysis Patients
Adiposity influences lipid metabolism and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the general population. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between fat mass (FM) and lipid metabolism and CVD events among patients on hemodialysis (HD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 12, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Go Takahashi, Hirokazu Honda, Keiko Takahashi, Misa Ikeda, Nozomu Hosaka, Hiroaki Ogata, Fumihiko Koiwa, Kanji Shishido, Takanori Shibata Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Dietary Fiber Intake: Its Relation With Glycation End Products and Arterial Stiffness in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients
We aimed to analyze the relationship between the effect of total dietary fiber intake on C-reactive protein (CRP) and on oxidative stress parameters such as serum advanced glycation end products (AGEs), superoxide dysmutase (SOD), malondialdehyde, and arterial stiffness by pulse wave velocity (PWv) in maintanace hemodialysis (MHD) patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 9, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Bahar G ürlek Demirci, Emre Tutal, Irem O. Eminsoy, Eyup Kulah, Siren Sezer Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Association of Nutritional Factors and Skin Autofluorescence in Persons Receiving Hemodialysis
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are uremic toxins that result from hyperglycemia, oxidative stress, and systemic inflammation. AGEs are also formed in food during cooking. On the other hand, malnutrition may contribute to AGE formation through its association with oxidative stress and inflammation. AGE accumulation can be measured by skin autofluorescence (SAF) and elevated SAF is independently associated with higher mortality on hemodialysis (HD). We aimed to investigate associations between SAF, dietary AGE intake, and markers of malnutrition in persons receiving HD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Daniela Viramontes H örner, Nicholas M. Selby, Maarten W. Taal Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Trans-fatty Acids and Survival in Renal Transplantation
High consumption of trans-fatty acids (TFAs) is associated with increased mortality. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Anupam Chandra, My Svensson, Anders Åsberg, Erik Berg Schmidt, Kristian S. Bjerve, Trond Jenssen, Anders Hartmann, Thor Ueland, Ivar Anders Eide Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

High Animal and Vegetarian Protein Intake in Hemodialysis Patients
Choi et  al reported remarkable results in a pilot study involving 18 hemodialysis (HD) patients receiving high-protein meals during HD session.1 This single-center nonrandomized experience compared 9 patients nourished with meals of ∼30 g protein for 25 consecutive HD sessions and 9 control HD patients to evaluate the effect of high-protein meals on symptomatic hypotensive events. The authors did not point any significant difference on frequency of the outcome considered (P = .56), and the baseline characteristics reported higher blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and higher, even if not significant, norma lized protein c...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Leonardo Spatola, Silvia Finazzi, Claudio Angelini, Salvatore Badalamenti Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Overview of the 2017 KDIGO CKD-MBD Update: Practice Implications for Adult Hemodialysis Patients
Renal dietitians play a pivotal role in the ongoing management of chronic kidney disease in patients on hemodialysis. Awareness of changes to clinical practice guidelines that may impact laboratory parameters associated with chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder is important for optimal patient care. In this article, the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes 2017 Clinical Practice Guideline Update recommendations related to the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in adults on hemodialysis are reviewed and treatment implications for renal dietitians discussed. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 24, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Judith Beto, Nisha Bhatt, Teresa Gerbeling, Chhaya Patel, Debra Drayer Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Interactions Between Malnutrition, Inflammation, and Fluid Overload and Their Associations With Survival in Prevalent Hemodialysis Patients
Predialysis fluid overload (FO) in hemodialysis (HD) patients is associated with an increased risk of death, further increased by the presence of inflammation. Malnutrition is also associated with outcome. Study objectives were, firstly, to investigate if the presence of FO is associated with malnutrition and whether this association is influenced by the presence of inflammation. Second, we assessed the associations of FO, malnutrition, and inflammation with outcome individually and in combination. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 23, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Marijke J.E. Dekker, Constantijn Konings, Bernard Canaud, Frank M. van der Sande, Stefano Stuard, Jochen G. Raimann, Elife Öztürk, Len Usvyat, Peter Kotanko, Jeroen P. Kooman Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Determination of Renal Nutrition Training and Education Need for Pediatric-Focused and Adult-Focused Clinicians: The North American Pediatric Renal Nutrition Education Survey (NAPRNES)
The purpose of the study was to ascertain pediatric-focused and adult-focused renal dietitians' perspectives on need for pediatric specific training and education materials. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christina L. Nelms, Elissaveta Johnson, Sarah Peseski Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Corrigendum
to ‘Comparison of Subjective Global Assessment and Protein Energy Wasting Score to Nutrition Evaluations Conducted by Registered Dietitian Nutritionists in Identifying Protein Energy Wasting Risk in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients’. The Journal of Renal Nutrition. 2017;27:325–332. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Message From the CRN Chair
I hope everyone had a lovely summer. My family and I were fortunate to have a few incredible trips this year, and we will cherish these memories dearly. As we have jumped into the bustle that comes with fall, the Council on Renal Nutrition (CRN) is no exception and has a busy season coming up! We wrapped up our dietitian award nominations on July 20th. We will be announcing all our prestigious winners very soon! I would like to share with you several items that are currently under way and may be of interest. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christine Benedetti Tags: Message from the Chairperson Source Type: research

September Meeting Announcements
September 15-18, 2018 47th European Dialysis and Transplant Nurses Association/European Renal Care Association (EDTNA/ERCA) International Conference, Genova, Italy. Visit www.edtna-erca.com or call +46 46 70 96  24. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Seltzer or Sparkling Water: An Alternative to Flat Water
Flavored sparkling water has exploded in popularity in the past few years. In 2017, US-made sparkling water sold about 20% more than the previous year.1 Although not new to the beverage industry, exciting new flavors, public fear of sugar-sweetened beverages, and good brand marketing have led to a resurgence of interest in this soda alternative. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jessica Krefting Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Adequacy of Plant-Based Proteins in Chronic Kidney Disease
Concerns regarding protein and amino acid deficiencies with plant-based proteins have precluded their use in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Many of these concerns were debunked years ago, but recommendations persist regarding the use of “high-biological value” (animal-based) proteins in CKD patients, which may contribute to worsening of other parameters such as blood pressure, metabolic acidosis, and hyperphosphatemia. Plant-based proteins are sufficient in meeting both quantity and quality requirements. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 16, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shivam Joshi, Sanjeev Shah, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh Tags: Practical Aspects Source Type: research

Pilot Study of the Effects of High-Protein Meals During Hemodialysis on Intradialytic Hypotension in Patients Undergoing Maintenance Hemodialysis
In this study, we hypothesized that high-protein meals during HD do not lead to symptomatic intradialytic hypotension events. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 11, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mun Sun Choi, Brandon Kistler, Gretchen N. Wiese, Elizabeth R. Stremke, Amy J. Wright, Ranjani N. Moorthi, Sharon M. Moe, Kathleen M. Hill Gallant Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Moderate Renal Impairment and Toxic Metabolites Produced by the Intestinal Microbiome: Dietary Implications
Toxic metabolites produced by the intestinal microbiome from animal proteins, carnitine (mainly from red meat), or phosphatidylcholine (mainly from egg yolk), have important adverse effects on cardiovascular disease. These are renally eliminated and may be termed gut-derived uremic toxins (GDUT). We hypothesized that even moderate renal impairment and intake of nutrient precursors would raise plasma levels of GDUT. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 9, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Michael Pignanelli, Chrysi Bogiatzi, Gregory Gloor, Emma Allen-Vercoe, Gregor Reid, Bradley L. Urquhart, Kelsey N. Ruetz, Thomas J. Velenosi, J. David Spence Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Comparison of DEXA and Bioimpedance for Body Composition Measurements in Nondialysis Patients With CKD
The aims of this study are (1) to compare dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and bioimpedance for body composition measurements in nondialysis patients with chronic kidney disease, and (2) to investigate factors associated with any measurement differences. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yunan Zhou, Peter H öglund, Naomi Clyne Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Association of Serum Carotenoids, Tocopherols, and Ascorbic Acid With Rapid Kidney Function Decline: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
Nutritional intervention targeting dietary intake modification is a major component of treatment for chronic kidney disease; however, little is known about the relationship between dietary intake and kidney function decline in individuals with preserved kidney function. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kristin M. Hirahatake, David R. Jacobs, Myron D. Gross, Kirsten B. Bibbins-Domingo, Michael G. Shlipak, Holly Mattix-Kramer, Andrew O. Odegaard Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Association of Circulatory Iron Deficiency With an Enlarged Heart in Patients With End-Stage Kidney Disease
High prevalence of iron deficiency (ID) and cardiomyopathy have been observed in patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Our objective was to clarify associations between ID and cardiac remodeling in patients with ESKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 7, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Toshihide Hayashi, Yuri Tanaka, Masaki Iwasaki, Hiroki Hase, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Yasuhiro Komatsu, Ryoichi Ando, Masato Ikeda, Daijo Inaguma, Toshifumi Sakaguchi, Toshio Shinoda, Fumihiko Koiwa, Shigeo Negi, Toshihiko Yamaka, Takashi Shigematsu, Nobuhiko J Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Serum Trace Elements in Children with End-Stage Renal Disease
Trace elements, which have a crucial role in metabolism and enzymatic pathways, are not routinely monitored in the blood of pediatric patients with chronic kidney disease. The present study was carried out to determine the serum levels of copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), and lead (Pb) in children with ESRD who were currently receiving conservative management or were on long-term hemodialysis or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 7, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mohammad Esmaeili, Forough Rakhshanizadeh Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Combined Score and Body Mass Index in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients
Shimoda et  al.1 recently reported remarkable results using the Green combined score (CS) as a predictive tool for all-cause mortality in maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients. The CS costs of 4 items such as malnutrition, inactivity, slowness, and weakness and HD patients with CS ≥5 had highest hazard rat io 3.3 (95% confidence interval: 1.59-6.87) for mortality in a 6.5 year interval compared to those with CS (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 6, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Leonardo Spatola, Silvia Finazzi, Salvatore Badalamenti Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Improvement in Hyperphosphatemia Using Phosphate Education and Planning Talks
This study was the first to use behavioral change techniques to encourage the use of phosphate binders and dietary modifications through a series of Phosphate Education and Planning (PEP) talks. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 6, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Alexander Brauer, Sana Waheed, Tripti Singh, Laura Maursetter Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Self-reported Intentional Weight Loss and Risk of Death in Moderate Chronic Kidney Disease in the United States
We hypothesized that intentional weight loss is associated with lower mortality risk, whereas unintentional weight loss is associated with higher mortality risk in chronic kidney disease (CKD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shweta Bansal, Guo Wei, Robert E. Boucher, Srinivasan Beddhu Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Is it Important to Prevent and Treat Protein-Energy Wasting in Chronic Kidney Disease and Chronic Dialysis Patients?
Protein-energy wasting (PEW), which essentially refers to decreased body protein mass and fuel (energy) reserves, is common in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and end-stage kidney disease patients undergoing chronic dialysis. The term PEW is used rather than protein-energy malnutrition because many causes of PEW in CKD and end-stage kidney disease patients does not involve reduced nutrient intake (e.g., catabolic illness, oxidants, biologicals lost in urine and dialysate, acidemia). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - July 26, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Bereket Tessema Lodebo, Anuja Shah, Joel D. Kopple Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Association Between Interdialytic Weight Gain, Perception About Dry Weight, and Dietary and Fluid Behaviors Based on Body Mass Index Among Patients on Hemodialysis
This study aimed to identify dietary and fluid behaviors associated with relative interdialytic weight gain (RIDWG) (divided by the respective dry weight [DW]) by stratifying the patients according to body mass index (BMI). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - July 17, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yuki Tamaura, Masaaki Nishitani, Rie Akamatsu, Nobuyo Tsunoda, Fumiko Iwasawa, Keiko Fujiwara, Takuya Kinoshita, Masashi Sakai, Toru Sakai Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Diagnostic Usefulness of the Protein Energy Wasting Score in Prevalent Hemodialysis Patients
To study whether the score proposed by the International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism to define the protein energy wasting (PEW) syndrome has diagnostic validity in patients undergoing dialysis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - July 5, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Gloria Ant ón-Pérez, Ángelo Santana-del-Pino, Fernando Henríquez-Palop, Tania Monzón, Ana Y. Sánchez, Francisco Valga, Adelaida Morales-Umpierrez, Cesar García-Cantón, Jose C. Rodríguez-Pérez, Juan J. Carrero Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Primary Versus Secondary Prevention of Chronic Kidney Disease: The Case of Dietary Protein
The proclamation that “the greatest medicine of all is to teach people how not to need it” (Hippocrates. 460-370 BC, Greece) is the basic principle of primary disease prevention, which aims to prevent disease before it ever occurs. Preventing exposures to hazards that cause disease, such as altering unhealthy behavio rs, is one example of primary disease prevention. Secondary or tertiary disease prevention, however, refers to reducing the impact of a disease that has already occurred, or limiting the impact of an ongoing illness that has lasting effects, respectively. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jaimon T. Kelly, Katrina L. Campbell, Juan J. Carrero Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

July Meeting Announcements
August 8-11, 2018 The Organization for Transplant Professionals (NATCO) 43rd Annual Meeting, Indianapolis, IN. Visit http://natco1.org/Education/annual-meeting2.asp or call 703-483-9820. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Waiter, There's Potassium in My Soup!
This article will address potassium content of soup from two leading manufacturers of canned soup: Campbell's and Progresso. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Michelle Gimbar Tags: Product Update Source Type: research