Historical Study (1986-2014): Improvements in Nutritional Status of Dialysis Patients
Malnutrition is common in dialysis patients and is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Despite an increased focus on improved nutrition in dialysis patients, it is claimed that the prevalence of malnutrition in this group of patients has not changed during the last decades. Direct historical comparisons of the nutritional status of dialysis patients have never been published. To directly compare the nutritional status of past and current dialysis patients, we implemented the methodology of a study from 1986 on a population of dialysis patients in  2014. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 4, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mette Koefoed, Charles Boy Kromann, Danni Hvidtfeldt, Sophie Ryberg Juliussen, Jens Rikardt Andersen, Peter Marckmann Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Historical Study (1986-2014): Improvements in Nutritional Status of Dialysis Patients
Malnutrition is common in dialysis patients and is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Despite an increased focus on improved nutrition in dialysis patients, it is claimed that the prevalence of malnutrition in this group of patients has not changed during the last decades. Direct historical comparisons of the nutritional status of dialysis patients have never been published. To directly compare the nutritional status of past and current dialysis patients, we implemented the methodology of a study from 1986 on a population of dialysis patients in 2014. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 4, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mette Koefoed, Charles Boy Kromann, Danni Hvidtfeldt, Sophie Ryberg Juliussen, Jens Rikardt Andersen, Peter Marckmann Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Body Fat Analysis in Predialysis Chronic Kidney Disease: Multifrequency Bioimpedance Assay and Anthropometry Compared With Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry
Body composition analysis is required for accurate assessment of nutritional status in patients with predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD). The reference method for assessing body fat is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), but it is relatively expensive and often not available for widespread clinical use. There is only limited data on the utility of less expensive and easily available alternatives such as multifrequency bioimpedance assay (BIA) and skinfold thickness (SFT) measurements for assessing body fat in predialysis CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 27, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jayasurya Ravindranath, Priyamvada P. Sivan Pillai, Sreejith Parameswaran, Sadish Kumar Kamalanathan, Gopal Krushna Pal Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Developing and Validating a Renal Nutrition Screening Tool to Effectively Identify Undernutrition Risk Among Renal Inpatients
To develop and validate a nutrition screening tool that is effective to recognize renal inpatients at risk of undernutrition. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 24, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yizhou Andrew Xia, Alayne Healy, Rozanne Kruger Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Gingival Bleeding and Bloody Dialysate: A  Case Report of Scurvy in a Child With End-Stage Renal Disease Receiving Peritoneal Dialysis
We reported a case of scurvy presenting with gingival bleeding and blood dialysate in a 6-year-old girl with end-stage renal disease who was on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 22, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kulnipa Kittisakmontri, Napatsayod Swangtrakul, Wiralpatch Padungmaneesub, Pimlak Charoenkwan Tags: Case Study Source Type: research

Gingival Bleeding and Bloody Dialysate: A Case Report of Scurvy in a Child With End-Stage Renal Disease Receiving Peritoneal Dialysis
We reported a case of scurvy presenting with gingival bleeding and blood dialysate in a 6-year-old girl with end-stage renal disease who was on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 22, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kulnipa Kittisakmontri, Napatsayod Swangtrakul, Wiralpatch Padungmaneesub, Pimlak Charoenkwan Tags: Case Study Source Type: research

May Meeting Announcements
May 1-4, 2016 American Nephrology Nurses' Association (ANNA) 47th National Symposium, Marriott Louisville, Kentucky International Convention Center, Louisville, KY. Visit www.annanurse.org or call 888-600-2662. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Kidney-Friendly Frozen Meals Update: Quick and Convenient Options for Chronic Kidney Disease Patients
Educating patients with kidney disease can be quite challenging due to the many nutrition limitations and modifications that are required to effectively manage chronic kidney disease. Other factors such as the patient's cooking skills, budget, and lifestyle should also be taken into account when providing a patient with appropriate and individualized nutrition recommendations. Dialysis patients often complain of lack of time and energy to prepare meals and express a need for quick and convenient meal options. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Laura Arentz Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

CRN Message From the Chairperson
Spring is a time anew to appreciate the beauty of nature. At our spring clinical meeting last month, I had the opportunity to appreciate the National Kidney Foundation/Council on Renal Nutrition (NKF/CRN) Award recipients that you, our membership, nominated. I will introduce these recipients now to you. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Judy Kirk Tags: Message From the Chairperson Source Type: research

Breakfast in the Fast Lane
For a morning meal that fits in your hands, fuels your day, and gets you going with little time, consider a breakfast sandwich. Breakfast sandwiches meet the needs of the American lifestyle: the desire to eat breakfast and being too busy to prepare it. Long before the fast-food restaurants became part of the American landscape, breakfast sandwiches were part of early morning routines. No matter where it came from, the breakfast sandwich is here to stay. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Janice Powers Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

A Long Road to Travel: Adherence to Dietary Recommendations and Adequate Dietary Phosphorus Control
Dietary counseling and nutritional interventions are cornerstone components in the management of patients undergoing dialysis. Dietitians and nephrologists recommend a number of dietary restrictions related to phosphorus, potassium, sodium, fluid intake, and select macronutrients. They also emphasize the importance of high energy and dietary protein intake to maintain adequate nutritional status. Notwithstanding the clinical importance of these practices, the adherence to such recommendations is difficult and challenging for most patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Juan Jesús Carrero, Jerrilynn Burrowes, Christoph Wanner Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

ISRNM Membership Award Announcement
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

In Hemodialysis Patients, Intradialytic Resistance Exercise Improves Osteoblast Function: A Pilot Study
Abnormalities in mineral and bone metabolism are frequent in chronic kidney disease patients. Physical exercise can improve many indicators of physical functioning, and recent studies showed beneficial effects on bone mineral density in the general population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of resistance exercise training on bone markers and body composition in hemodialysis (HD) patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Sandra Mara S. de A. Marinho, Denise Mafra, Solenne Pelletier, Valerie Hage, C écile Teuma, Maurice Laville, José Carlos Carraro Eduardo, Denis Fouque Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Validity of a Novel CKD Assessment Checklist Used in the Frontier of Renal Outcome Modifications in Japan Study
This study aimed to assess the validity of a novel chronic kidney disease (CKD) evaluation checklist method used in the Frontier of Renal Outcome Modifications in Japan study. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hirayasu Kai, Mariko Doi, Masafumi Okada, Kohsuke Yamada, Hiroko Iwabe, Chie Saito, Kunihiro Yamagata Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Successful Conversion From Parenteral Paricalcitol to Pulse Oral Calcitriol for the Management of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism in Hemodialysis Patients
The management of hyperparathyroidism in hemodialysis patients involves the administration of phosphate binders, vitamin D receptor activators, and calcimimetics. Intravenous paricalcitol has been preferred over oral calcitriol as it may cause less hypercalcemia and hyperphosphatemia. However, there is little data looking at the efficacy and tolerability of oral calcitriol in the calcimimetic era particularly in a real practice-based experience. The University of California, Irvine free-standing dialysis center converted from routine intravenous paricalcitol to oral calcitriol due to pharmacy purchasing preferences. (Sourc...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 30, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jennifer Kumar, Ngoc-Tram Gia Tran, John Schomberg, Elani Streja, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Madeleine Pahl Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Association of Abdominal Circumference, Body Mass Index, and Inflammation in Kidney Transplant Recipients
Increased abdominal circumference is a marker of obesity, and it is associated with increased mortality in renal transplant recipients. Recent findings suggest that increased visceral fat deposition is a modifier of inflammation. However, little is known about the association of inflammation with abdominal circumference in kidney transplant recipients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 30, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kristof Nagy, Akos Ujszaszi, Adam Remport, Csaba P. Kovesdy, Istvan Mucsi, Miklos Z. Molnar, Zoltan Mathe Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Successful Conversion From Parenteral Paricalcitol to Pulse Oral Calcitriol for the Management of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism in Hemodialysis Patients
The management of hyperparathyroidism in hemodialysis patients involves the administration of phosphate binders, vitamin D receptor activators, and calcimimetics. Intravenous paricalcitol has been preferred over oral calcitriol as it may cause less hypercalcemia and hyperphosphatemia. However, there is little data looking at the efficacy and tolerability of oral calcitriol in the calcimimetic era particularly in a real practice-based experience. The University of California, Irvine free-standing dialysis center converted from routine intravenous paricalcitol to oral calcitriol due to pharmacy purchasing preferences. (Sourc...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 30, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jennifer Kumar, Ngoc-Tram Gia Tran, John Schomberg, Elani Streja, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Madeleine Pahl Tags: Research Brief Source Type: research

Association of Abdominal Circumference, Body Mass Index, and Inflammation in Kidney Transplant Recipients
Increased abdominal circumference is a marker of obesity, and it is associated with increased mortality in renal transplant recipients. Recent findings suggest that increased visceral fat deposition is a modifier of inflammation. However, little is known about the association of inflammation with abdominal circumference in kidney transplant recipients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 30, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kristof Nagy, Akos Ujszaszi, Adam Remport, Csaba P. Kovesdy, Istvan Mucsi, Miklos Z. Molnar, Zoltan Mathe Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Psoas Muscle Cross-sectional Area as a Measure of Whole-body Lean Muscle Mass in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients
We investigate whether psoas or paraspinous muscle area measured on a single L4-L5 image is a useful measure of whole lean body mass (LBM) compared to dedicated midthigh magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 16, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Glen R. Morrell, Talat A. Ikizler, Xiaorui Chen, Marta E. Heilbrun, Guo Wei, Robert Boucher, Srinivasan Beddhu Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Psoas Muscle Cross-sectional Area as a Measure  of Whole-body Lean Muscle Mass in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients
We investigate whether psoas or paraspinous muscle area measured on a single L4-L5 image is a useful measure of whole lean body mass (LBM) compared to dedicated midthigh magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 16, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Glen R. Morrell, Talat A. Ikizler, Xiaorui Chen, Marta E. Heilbrun, Guo Wei, Robert Boucher, Srinivasan Beddhu Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Psoas Muscle Cross-sectional Area as a Measure of Whole-body Lean Muscle Mass in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients
We investigate whether psoas or paraspinous muscle area measured on a single L4-L5 image is a useful measure of whole lean body mass (LBM) compared to dedicated midthigh magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 16, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Glen R. Morrell, Talat A. Ikizler, Xiaorui Chen, Marta E. Heilbrun, Guo Wei, Robert Boucher, Srinivasan Beddhu Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Psychosocial Factors That Create Barriers to Managing Serum Phosphorus Levels in Pediatric Dialysis Patients: A Retrospective Analysis
Abnormal phosphorus homeostasis is among the medley of metabolic disturbances commonly associated with chronic kidney disease. We sought to determine the psychosocial factors that create barriers to controlling serum phosphorus levels in children on dialysis and to evaluate the perceptions of children and caregivers on the ease or difficulty of following a dietary phosphorus restriction and taking phosphorus binder medications. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 15, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jacob M. Taylor, Leah Oladitan, Angela Degnan, Sarah Henderson, Hongying Dai, Bradley A. Warady Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Protective Effect of Myo-Inositol Hexaphosphate (Phytate) on Abdominal Aortic Calcification in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between physiological levels of myo-inositol hexaphosphate (phytate) and cardiovascular (CV) calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 12, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Pilar Sanchis, Juan Manuel Buades, Francisco Berga, Miguel Mas Gelabert, Marilisa Molina, María Victoria Íñigo, Susana García, Jorge Gonzalez, Maria Rosario Bernabeu, Antonia Costa-Bauzá, Felix Grases Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Diet and Major Renal Outcomes: A Prospective Cohort Study. The NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is prevalent and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Dietary modification may be an approach to reducing CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 12, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Andrew Smyth, Matthew Griffin, Salim Yusuf, Johannes F.E. Mann, Donal Reddan, Michelle Canavan, John Newell, Martin O'Donnell Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Nutrient Non-equivalence: Does Restricting High-Potassium Plant Foods Help to Prevent Hyperkalemia in Hemodialysis Patients?
Hemodialysis patients are often advised to limit their intake of high-potassium foods to help manage hyperkalemia. However, the benefits of this practice are entirely theoretical and not supported by rigorous randomized controlled trials. The hypothesis that potassium restriction is useful is based on the assumption that different sources of dietary potassium are therapeutically equivalent. In fact, animal and plant sources of potassium may differ in their potential to contribute to hyperkalemia. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 12, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: David E. St-Jules, David S. Goldfarb, Mary Ann Sevick Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Protective Effect of Myo-Inositol Hexaphosphate (Phytate) on Abdominal Aortic Calcification in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between physiological levels of myo-inositol hexaphosphate (phytate) and cardiovascular (CV) calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 12, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Pilar Sanchis, Juan Manuel Buades, Francisco Berga, Miguel Mas Gelabert, Marilisa Molina, Mar ía Victoria Íñigo, Susana García, Jorge Gonzalez, Maria Rosario Bernabeu, Antonia Costa-Bauzá, Felix Grases Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Diet and Major Renal Outcomes: A Prospective Cohort Study. The NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is prevalent and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Dietary modification may be an approach to reducing CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 12, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Andrew Smyth, Matthew Griffin, Salim Yusuf, Johannes F.E. Mann, Donal Reddan, Michelle Canavan, John Newell, Martin O'Donnell Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Nutrient Non-equivalence: Does Restricting High-Potassium Plant Foods Help to Prevent Hyperkalemia in Hemodialysis Patients?
Hemodialysis patients are often advised to limit their intake of high-potassium foods to help manage hyperkalemia. However, the benefits of this practice are entirely theoretical and not supported by rigorous randomized controlled trials. The hypothesis that potassium restriction is useful is based on the assumption that different sources of dietary potassium are therapeutically equivalent. In fact, animal and plant sources of potassium may differ in their potential to contribute to hyperkalemia. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 12, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: David E. St-Jules, David S. Goldfarb, Mary Ann Sevick Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Dietary Management of Incremental Transition to Dialysis Therapy: Once-Weekly Hemodialysis Combined With Low-Protein Diet
Initiation of thrice-weekly hemodialysis often results in a rapid loss of residual kidney function (RKF) including reduction in urine output. Preserving RKF longer is associated with better outcomes including greater survival in dialysis patients. An alternative approach aimed at preserving RKF is an incremental transition with less frequent hemodialysis sessions at the beginning with gradual increase in hemodialysis frequency over months. In addition to favorable clinical and economic implications, an incremental transition would also enhance a less stressful adaptation of the patient to dialysis therapy. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Piergiorgio Bolasco, Adamasco Cupisti, Francesco Locatelli, Stefania Caria, Kamiar Kalantar-Zadeh Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

An Update on Phosphate Binders: A Dietitian's Perspective
Control of serum phosphorus (PO4) has been long recognized as a goal in the nutritional and medical management of the patients with chronic kidney disease. Phosphate-binding compounds were introduced in the 1970s for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in patients on dialysis after it was observed that oral administration of aluminum hydroxide as an antacid also reduced serum PO4 levels. Forty years later, aluminum is very seldom used as a phosphate binder as many other safer compounds are now available. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 23, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lisa Gutekunst Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Association of Increased Serum Ferritin With Impaired Muscle Strength/Quality in Hemodialysis Patients
We reported previously that muscle quality and muscle strength provide clinically relevant predictors for better survival in hemodialysis patients. Iron overload might impair muscle function by its accumulation in muscle in such patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 23, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Chie Nakagawa, Masaaki Inaba, Eiji Ishimura, Tomoyuki Yamakawa, Shigeichi Shoji, Senji Okuno Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

An Update on Phosphate Binders: A Dietitian's Perspective
Control of serum phosphorus (PO4) has been long recognized as a goal in the nutritional and medical management of the patients with chronic kidney disease. Phosphate-binding compounds were introduced in the 1970s for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in patients on dialysis after it was observed that oral administration of aluminum hydroxide as an antacid also reduced serum PO4 levels. Forty years later, aluminum is very seldom used as a phosphate binder as many other safer compounds are now available. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 23, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lisa Gutekunst Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Association of Increased Serum Ferritin With Impaired Muscle Strength/Quality in Hemodialysis Patients
We reported previously that muscle quality and muscle strength provide clinically relevant predictors for better survival in hemodialysis patients. Iron overload might impair muscle function by its accumulation in muscle in such patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 23, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Chie Nakagawa, Masaaki Inaba, Eiji Ishimura, Tomoyuki Yamakawa, Shigeichi Shoji, Senji Okuno Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Effect of Dietary Supplementation With Curcumin on Redox Status and Nrf2 Activation in Patients With Nondiabetic or Diabetic Proteinuric Chronic Kidney Disease: A Pilot Study
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the dietary supplementation with curcumin (CUR) on the redox status and the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activation in patients with nondiabetic or diabetic proteinuric CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 22, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Angélica Saraí Jiménez-Osorio, Wylly Ramsés García-Niño, Susana González-Reyes, Alejandra Elizabeth Álvarez-Mejía, Sebastián Guerra-León, Jonathan Salazar-Segovia, Ilse Falcón, Héctor Montes de Oca-Solano, Magdalena Madero, José Pedraza-Chav Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Effect of Dietary Supplementation With Curcumin on Redox Status and Nrf2 Activation  in Patients With Nondiabetic or Diabetic Proteinuric Chronic Kidney Disease: A Pilot Study
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the dietary supplementation with curcumin (CUR) on the redox status and the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activation in patients with nondiabetic or diabetic proteinuric CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 22, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ang élica Saraí Jiménez-Osorio, Wylly Ramsés García-Niño, Susana González-Reyes, Alejandra Elizabeth Álvarez-Mejía, Sebastián Guerra-León, Jonathan Salazar-Segovia, Ilse Falcón, Héctor Montes de Oca-Solano, Magdalena Madero, José Pedraza-Cha Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Assessment of Protein-Energy Wasting: Quest for the Gold Standard
In the November 2014 issue of this journal, Moreau-Gaudry et al.1 reported on a new, simple score to assess protein-energy wasting (PEW). The score (hereafter referred to as French PEW test) was developed from the ARNOS prospective dialysis cohort in 1,443 patients and was associated with mortality at 3.5 years of follow-up. The French PEW test is based on 4 items (serum albumin, body mass index, SCr/BSA, and nPNA), which in itself are based on the proposed diagnostic criteria that were described by the International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism in their 2008 consensus article. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Camiel L.M. de Roij van Zuijdewijn, Piet M. ter Wee Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Protein Foods Group and 3-Year Incidence of Hypertension: A Prospective Study From Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study
In this study, we aimed to determine the possible effect of protein foods group and its subgroups on risk of HTN after 3-year follow-up in Iranian adults. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mahdieh Golzarand, Zahra Bahadoran, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi Tags: Original Research Source Type: research