Calibration of the Brief Food Frequency Questionnaire Among Patients on Dialysis
Objective: Estimating dietary intake is challenging in patients with chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to calibrate the Block Brief 2000 food frequency questionnaire (BFFQ) using 3-day food diary records among patients on dialysis.Methods: Data from 3-day food diary records from 146 patients new to dialysis were reviewed and entered into National Cancer Institute self-administered 24-hour dietary recall (ASA24), a web-based dietary interview system. The information was then re-entered omitting foods reported in the diaries that were not in the BFFQ to generate a “BFFQ-restricted” set of intakes. We mo...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 7, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Cynthia Delgado, Patricia Ward, Glenn M. Chertow, Lindsey Storer, Lorien Dalrymple, Torin Block, George A. Kaysen, John Kornak, Barbara Grimes, Nancy G. Kutner, Kirsten L. Johansen Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Handgrip Strength at Baseline and Mortality Risk in a Cohort of Women and Men on Hemodialysis: A 4-Year Study
Conclusions: This study demonstrates that HGS predicts all-cause mortality in men and women on MHD. Differences seem to exist between women and men on MHD in the role played by nutritional status in explaining the increased risk of death associated with low HGS. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 5, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Cácia Mendes Matos, Luciana Ferreira Silva, Ludmilla Dias Santana, Larissa S. Santos, Bruno M. Protásio, Mateus Teixeira Rocha, Vanessa Lima Ferreira, Matheus Freitas Azevedo, Márcia Tereza Silva Martins, Gildete Barreto Lopes, Antonio Alberto Lopes Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Association Between the Hemodialysis Eating Index and Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Hemodialysis Patients
Conclusion: The HDEI can be used to reflect selected nutritional status markers, such as Alb and Hb levels and CVD risk factors, for HD patients. The HDEI can also serve as an eating index for HD patients in Taiwan to facilitate CVD prevention. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 3, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yi-Fang Chiu, Yi-Chun Chen, Pei-Yu Wu, Chun-Kuang Shih, Hsin-Hung Chen, Hsi-Hsien Chen, Tso-Hsiao Chen, Shwu-Huey Yang Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Nutrition and the Kidney Donor
According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, 3,276 individuals served as living kidney donors in 2013. Many donors are family members, but nondirected donation is also increasing for transplant donations. This type of donation occurs when the individual and donor do not necessarily know the recipient receiving the organ. There are several benefits when the kidney donor comes from a living source. For individuals who are family members, genetics are more likely to be compatible, and this therefore reduces the risk of kidney rejection. The surgical time...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Stacey Phillips, Samantha DeMello Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Thank You to Our Reviewers
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Acknowledgments Source Type: research

Vitamin D Level Results After 6 Months of Nutritional Vitamin D Supplementation
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: National Kidney Foundation 2014 Spring Clinical Meetings Abstracts Source Type: research

Utilizing Experience Based Design in the Evaluation of Diabetes Care Integration in to the Kidney Care
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: National Kidney Foundation 2014 Spring Clinical Meetings Abstracts Source Type: research

Effect of Intensive Stage-Based Nutrition Education by A Dedicated Renal Dietitian on Phosphatemia Management Among Lebanese Hemodialysis Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: National Kidney Foundation 2014 Spring Clinical Meetings Abstracts Source Type: research

Team Focused Approch to Improving Serum Phosphrus Levels Among Hemodialysis Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: National Kidney Foundation 2014 Spring Clinical Meetings Abstracts Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Oral Nutritional Supplements on Malnourished Hemodialysis Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: National Kidney Foundation 2014 Spring Clinical Meetings Abstracts Source Type: research

Phosphorus Additives, Nutritional Status and Control of Phosphatemia in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: National Kidney Foundation 2014 Spring Clinical Meetings Abstracts Source Type: research

Kidtucky Derby Challenge: Psycho-Educational Program to Enhance Overall Knowledge of Improving Health on Dialysis
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: National Kidney Foundation 2014 Spring Clinical Meetings Abstracts Source Type: research

Increased Daily Caloric Intake is Associated with Increased Exercise Capacity in Obese Diabetic Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: National Kidney Foundation 2014 Spring Clinical Meetings Abstracts Source Type: research

Prevalence of Phosphate Additives in Meat Products in Waterloo Region Grocery Stores
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: National Kidney Foundation 2014 Spring Clinical Meetings Abstracts Source Type: research

National Kidney Foundation 2014 Spring Clinical Meetings Abstracts April 22 – 26, 2014
Kidtucky Derby Challenge: Psycho-Educational Program to Enhance Overall Knowledge of Improving Health on Dialysis (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: National Kidney Foundation 2014 Spring Clinical Meetings Abstracts Source Type: research

March Meeting Announcements
March 1-2, 2014 International Society for Hemodialysis (ISHD) Hemodialysis University™ 2014, Hyderabad Marriott Hotel & Convention Centre, Hyderabad, India. Visit www.hdu2014.com or call +91-40-6516-2846. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Competent, Proficient, Advanced Practice/Expert—Where Are You in Your Career Development?
We all start our careers as renal dietitians as competent practitioners—some of us more recently than others. The competent dietitian recognizes patients at nutrition risk, gathers pertinent nutrition assessment information, interprets that data, diagnoses/determines the nutrition problem, and formulates a plan of care. Critical-thinking skills continue to develop, and our ability to “sift” through all of the data and find the relevant data continues to improve with experience. As a competent practitioner, focusing on the data versus the patient is not uncommon. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jessie M. Pavlinac Tags: Message From the Chairperson Source Type: research

Selected Nutrition Practices of Women on Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis: Observations From the NKF-CRN Second National Research Question Collaborative Study
This study was conducted on a prospective randomized cohort of 264 adult women 18 years of age or older that were on hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis for more than 3 months and were receiving treatment in 116 U.S. dialysis centers. These women completed the same self-administered validated FFQ used in the Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Trial.Main Outcome Measures: Main outcome measures included tabulated FFQ data and selected nutrition practices using descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage). Associations with selected demographic and geographic region variables were examined, a...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kathy J. Luttrell, Judith A. Beto, Christine C. Tangney, National Kidney Foundation Council of Renal Nutrition Second National Research Question Collaborative Study Group Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Indoxyl Sulfate and p-Cresyl Sulfate in Chronic Kidney Disease. Could These Toxins Modulate the Antioxidant Nrf2-Keap1 Pathway?
Protein-bound uremic toxins (i.e., indoxyl sulfate or p-cresyl sulfate), produced by intestinal bacteria, are accumulated in the plasma of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. These toxins interact negatively with biological functions, having potent oxidative stress-inducing effects and a pathological effect on cardiovascular disease. Recent research in CKD has shown that oxidative stress and inflammation can be compounded by impaired activation of the nuclear factor (erythroid-2-related factor)-2 (Nrf2)–Kelch-like ECH associating protein-1 (Keap1) pathway, a major cellular defense mechanism. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 30, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Milena Barcza Stockler-Pinto, Denis Fouque, Christophe O. Soulage, Marine Croze, Denise Mafra Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Indoxyl Sulfate and p-Cresyl Sulfate in Chronic Kidney Disease. Could These Toxins Modulate the Antioxidant Nrf2-Keap1 Pathway?
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 30, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Milena Barcza Stockler-Pinto, Denis Fouque, Christophe O. Soulage, Marine Croze, Denise Mafra Source Type: research

Reasons for Phosphate Binder Discontinuation Vary by Binder Type
Conclusions: The high percentage of patient-reported side effects resulting in discontinuation identifies an unmet need for improved phosphate binders. A disproportionate percentage of patients prescribed lanthanum carbonate reported side effects, however further work is needed to identify the relative tolerability of phosphate binders and potential explanations. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 27, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Steven Wang, Emmanuel A. Anum, Karthik Ramakrishnan, Thomas Alfieri, Peter Braunhofer, Britt Newsome Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Acyl-Ghrelin and Obestatin Plasma Levels in Different Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease
This study assessed acyl-ghrelin and obestatin plasma levels in nondialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients compared with healthy volunteers.Design: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Renal Vida Clinic (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) and Renal Nutrition Ambulatory (Niterói, Brazil).Subjects: Sixty-four subjects were studied: 29 HD patients (55.4 ± 10.5 years, body mass index [BMI], 24.4 ± 3.9 kg/m2, 17 men); 19 nondialysis patients (59.8 ± 7.5 years, BMI, 26.3 ± 4.8 kg/m2, glomerular filtration rate, 28.8 ± 10.5 mL/minute/1.7...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 27, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Natália Borges, Cristiane Moraes, Amanda F. Barros, José C. Carraro-Eduardo, Denis Fouque, Denise Mafra Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Adherence to Hemodialysis Dietary Sodium Recommendations: Influence of Patient Characteristics, Self-Efficacy, and Perceived Barriers
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that patients who are younger and female encounter more difficulty adhering to the hemodialysis regimen. Hence, there may be a need to individualize counseling and interventions for these individuals. Further investigation is needed to understand the independent effects of age and gender on adherence to hemodialysis dietary recommendations and perceived self-efficacy. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 27, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Maya N. Clark-Cutaia, Dianxu Ren, Leslie A. Hoffman, Lora E. Burke, Mary Ann Sevick Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

High-Fiber Snack Bars
Most Americans only consume approximately one half of the Adequate Intake for dietary fiber on a daily basis (14 g/1,000 kcal/day). Persons with chronic kidney disease may consume even less with restrictions on potassium and phosphorus directing intake. However, recommendations for patients with a chronic disease such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes can be as great as 40-50 g of total fiber daily. The health benefits of fiber are many. Fiber, especially soluble, can help to decrease total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides. Fiber can also provide benefit in terms of we...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Candi Possinger Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

Dietary Trends and Management of Hyperphosphatemia Among Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease: An International Survey of Renal Care Professionals
Conclusion: Although most responders have observed a trend of increasing awareness of the phosphorus content of food among patients with CKD, the survey results indicate that many patients continue to experience difficulties when attempting to restrict dietary phosphorus. The survey responses reflect the global trend of increasing consumption of processed convenience foods and phosphorus-containing additives, which has implications for the management of hyperphosphatemia in patients with CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 21, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Denis Fouque, Maria Cruz Casal, Elizabeth Lindley, Susan Rogers, Jitka Pancířová, Jennifer Kernc, J. Brian Copley Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Toward Individualized Cholesterol-Lowering Treatment in End-Stage Renal Disease
There is broad evidence that lowering low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol will reduce cardiovascular risk. However, in patients on maintenance hemodialysis treatment, lowering LDL cholesterol is not as effective in preventing cardiovascular complications as in the general population. Cholesterol is either endogenously synthesized or absorbed from the intestine. It has been suggested that the benefit of using statins to prevent atherosclerotic complications is less pronounced in people with high absorption of cholesterol. Recent data indicate that patients on hemodialysis have high absorption of cholesterol. Therefore...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 13, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Guenther Silbernagel, Iris Baumgartner, Christoph Wanner, Winfried März Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Body Mass Index and the Development of New-Onset Diabetes Mellitus or the Worsening of Pre-Existing Diabetes Mellitus in Adult Kidney Transplant Patients
Conclusion: The odds of developing NODAT at discharge and 3 and 6 months post-transplantation increased per unit of pretransplantation BMI. The most common time for NODAT to develop or for preexisting DM to worsen was within 3 months of kidney transplantation. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 9, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tysen J. Cullen, Maureen P. McCarthy, Michael R. Lasarev, John M. Barry, Diane D. Stadler Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Development and Validation of a Dietary Screening Tool for High Sodium Consumption in Australian Renal Patients
Conclusion: The SSQ is feasible and valid to assess habitual sodium intake in the Australian CKD population and to identify high-sodium consumers for referral to individualized counseling on a low-sodium diet. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 6, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Belinda Mason, Lynda Ross, Emily Gill, Helen Healy, Philip Juffs, Adrian Kark Tags: Research Brief Source Type: research

Guidelines for Contributing Authors
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Add Some Spice to Your Life: The Caribbean Way for Dialysis Patients
Traveling has become more accessible to dialysis patients because of the availability of dialysis traveling consultants, the increased use of portable hemodialysis machines, peritoneal dialysis, and the increase in dialysis facilities on the islands and cruise ships. According to the Dialysis at Sea ship that sails to the Caribbean, “hundreds of clients a year” have used their service. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Thessa Obrero Churillo Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Phosphorus Content in Commonly Consumed Beverages
Researchers agree that consuming soda leads to a myriad of health concerns, including the increased risk of diabetes, obesity, poor dental health, and cardiovascular disease, which can lead to stroke, myocardial infarction, and premature death. Because certain sodas, especially dark colas, contain inorganic phosphates, or additives, in high amounts, soda consumption among patients with chronic kidney disease is even more dangerous. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Erica Wickham Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

January Meeting Announcements
March 4-7, 2014 Continuous Renal Replacement Therapies (CRRT) 2014—Acute Kidney Injury: Controversies, Challenges, and Solutions, Manchester Grand Hyatt, San Diego, CA. Visit http://www.crrtonline.com/conference or call 858-272-1018. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Vitamin D and Anemia
New insights into the biologic functions of vitamin D increased the interest in the clinical consequences of vitamin D deficiency. In addition to its role in mineral metabolism, recent studies indicate a relationship among hypovitaminosis D, survival, and inflammation. Moreover, it seems also that vitamin D is involved in erythropoiesis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Silva Lucisano, Eleonora Di Mauro, Gaetano Montalto, Valeria Cernaro, Michele Buemi, Domenico Santoro Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Time to Revisit the Role of Renal Dietitian in the Dialysis Unit
The November 2013 issue of the journal published a very important and interesting study by Hand, Steiber, and Burrowes titled “Renal Dietitians Lack Time and Resources to Follow the NKF KDOQI Guidelines for Frequency and Method of Diet Assessment: Results of a Survey”. The authors should be commended for executing an outstanding study on a very important but significantly overlooked subject—the roles and responsibilities of a renal dietitian in an outpatient dialysis unit. Although the dietitians cover a crucial aspect of care of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD), there are o...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: T. Alp Ikizler, Harold A. Franch, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Piet M. ter Wee, Christoph Wanner Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Development of a Predictive Energy Equation for Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients: A Pilot Study
Objective: The study objectives were to explore the predictors of measured resting energy expenditure (mREE) among a sample of maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, to generate a predictive energy equation (MHDE), and to compare such models to another commonly used predictive energy equation in nutritional care, the Mifflin-St. Jeor equation (MSJE).Design and Methods: The study was a retrospective, cross-sectional cohort design conducted at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Study subjects were adult MHD patients (N = 67). Data collected from several clinical trials were analyzed using Pearson's correlation and m...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Laura Byham-Gray, J. Scott Parrott, Wai Yin Ho, Mary B. Sundell, T. Alp Ikizler Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Contribution of Food Additives to Sodium and Phosphorus Content of Diets Rich in Processed Foods
Conclusion: Phosphorus and sodium additives in processed foods can substantially augment phosphorus and sodium intake, even in relatively healthy diets. Current dietary software may provide reasonable estimates of the phosphorus content in processed foods. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Anna Carrigan, Andrew Klinger, Suzanne S. Choquette, Alexandra Luzuriaga-McPherson, Emmy K. Bell, Betty Darnell, Orlando M. Gutiérrez Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Comparison of Dietary Intake Among Women on Maintenance Dialysis to a Women's Health Initiative Cohort: Results From the NKF-CRN Second National Research Question Collaborative Study
The objective of this study was to compare the characteristics and dietary intake of Second National Research Question (SNRQ) participants to the Women's Health Initiative-Dietary Modification (WHI-DM) Trial group and to compare the dietary intake of both groups to relevant reference norms.Design: The study design was a secondary analysis of data collected from the SNRQ and from the WHI-DM Trial.Subjects: SNRQ participants were adult women on dialysis (n = 248) from U.S. dialysis facilities. WHI-DM Trial participants (n = 48,836) were postmenopausal, 50- to 79-year-old women from 40 U.S. clinical centers.Methods: The 1-sam...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 2, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mona Therrien, Laura Byham-Gray, Robert Denmark, Judith Beto Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Obesity in Kidney Transplantation
This article reviews the literature assessing the role of pre- and post-transplant obesity on patient and graft survival, discusses the underlying obesity-related mechanisms leading to inferior kidney transplant outcomes, and explores the role of nutritional intervention on improving long-term outcomes of transplantation. Although the role of pretransplant obesity remains uncertain, post-transplant obesity increases the risk of graft failure and mortality. Nutritional intervention is effective in achieving post-transplant weight loss, but the effect on long-term outcomes has not been established. Future research should foc...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 13, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Winnie Chan, Jos A. Bosch, David Jones, Philip G. McTernan, Anna C. Phillips, Richard Borrows Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a Nutrition Education Program for the Prevention and Treatment of Malnutrition in End-Stage Renal Disease
This study was a longitudinal, 4-month prospective study.Settings: The study was conducted from January to May 2012 in the Hemodialysis Fresenius Medical Care Clinic of Murcia.Subjects: One hundred twenty patients with ESRD undergoing hemodialysis were randomly assigned to a NEP or to OS.Intervention: Patients assigned to the NEP group followed an educational program for 4 months that aimed to improve general nutritional knowledge and included culinary recommendations and an elaboration of balanced menus. The OS group received a nutritional supplement during the hemodialysis procedure.Main Outcome Measure: The main ou...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 11, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Juan José Hernández Morante, Almudena Sánchez-Villazala, Ruben Cañavate Cutillas, Mari Carmen Conesa Fuentes Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Effects of Tea Consumption on Renal Function in a Metropolitan Chinese Population: The Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
Conclusion: Overall there was no clear evidence to suggest any consistent association between renal function and tea consumption in this large population-based study of older Chinese individuals. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 11, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tim J. van Hasselt, Oliver Pickles, Alex Midgley-Hunt, Chao Quiang Jiang, Wei Sen Zhang, Kar Keung Cheng, Graham Neil Thomas, Tai Hing Lam Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency and Effects of Supplementation With Cholecalciferol in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease
This study took place at the Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center.Subjects: Patients with nondialytic CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] 10-59 mL/min per 1.73 m2) participated in this study.Intervention: Vitamin D status in 210 CKD patients was assessed and the patients with vitamin D deficiency ( (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 11, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Sun Moon Kim, Hyung Jin Choi, Jung Pyo Lee, Dong Ki Kim, Yun Kyu Oh, Yon Su Kim, Chun Soo Lim Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Protein/Energy Debt in Critically Ill Children in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit: Acute Kidney Injury As a Major Risk Factor
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 11, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Alice Sabatino, Giuseppe Regolisti, Umberto Maggiore, Enrico Fiaccadori Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Protein/Energy Debt in Critically Ill Children in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit: Acute Kidney Injury As a Major Risk Factor
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients. In this clinical setting, the risk of protein-energy wasting is high because of the metabolic derangements of the uremic syndrome, the difficulties in nutrient needs estimation, and the possible negative effects of renal replacement therapy itself on nutrient balance. No specific guidelines on nutritional support in PICU patients with AKI are currently available. The present review is aimed at evaluating the role of AKI as a risk condition for inadequate protein/energy intake in these patients, on the basis of literature data on quantitat...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 11, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Alice Sabatino, Giuseppe Regolisti, Umberto Maggiore, Enrico Fiaccadori Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Dietary and Pharmacological Modification of Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 in Chronic Kidney Disease
Increased levels of phosphorus and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) are strong predictors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. From a physiological perspective and supported by some data, phosphorus is the main driver for FGF-23 secretion. Therefore, it is conceivable that interventions aiming at restriction of phosphorus uptake from the gastrointestinal tract may lower serum FGF-23 levels and improve cardiovascular risk and subsequently survival. It is not currently known to what extend phosphorus and FGF-23 are independent risk factors, and therefore both need to be targeted. However, their respective metabolis...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 11, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Aaltje Y. Adema, Martin H. de Borst, Piet M. ter Wee, Marc G. Vervloet, NIGRAM Consortium Tags: Review Article Source Type: research