Toward Individualized Cholesterol-Lowering Treatment in End-Stage Renal Disease
There is broad evidence that lowering low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol will reduce cardiovascular risk. However, in patients on maintenance hemodialysis treatment, lowering LDL cholesterol is not as effective in preventing cardiovascular complications as in the general population. Cholesterol is either endogenously synthesized or absorbed from the intestine. It has been suggested that the benefit of using statins to prevent atherosclerotic complications is less pronounced in people with high absorption of cholesterol. Recent data indicate that patients on hemodialysis have high absorption of cholesterol. Therefore...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 13, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Guenther Silbernagel, Iris Baumgartner, Christoph Wanner, Winfried März Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Body Mass Index and the Development of New-Onset Diabetes Mellitus or the Worsening of Pre-Existing Diabetes Mellitus in Adult Kidney Transplant Patients
Conclusion: The odds of developing NODAT at discharge and 3 and 6 months post-transplantation increased per unit of pretransplantation BMI. The most common time for NODAT to develop or for preexisting DM to worsen was within 3 months of kidney transplantation. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 9, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tysen J. Cullen, Maureen P. McCarthy, Michael R. Lasarev, John M. Barry, Diane D. Stadler Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Development and Validation of a Dietary Screening Tool for High Sodium Consumption in Australian Renal Patients
Conclusion: The SSQ is feasible and valid to assess habitual sodium intake in the Australian CKD population and to identify high-sodium consumers for referral to individualized counseling on a low-sodium diet. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 6, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Belinda Mason, Lynda Ross, Emily Gill, Helen Healy, Philip Juffs, Adrian Kark Tags: Research Brief Source Type: research

Guidelines for Contributing Authors
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Add Some Spice to Your Life: The Caribbean Way for Dialysis Patients
Traveling has become more accessible to dialysis patients because of the availability of dialysis traveling consultants, the increased use of portable hemodialysis machines, peritoneal dialysis, and the increase in dialysis facilities on the islands and cruise ships. According to the Dialysis at Sea ship that sails to the Caribbean, “hundreds of clients a year” have used their service. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Thessa Obrero Churillo Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Phosphorus Content in Commonly Consumed Beverages
Researchers agree that consuming soda leads to a myriad of health concerns, including the increased risk of diabetes, obesity, poor dental health, and cardiovascular disease, which can lead to stroke, myocardial infarction, and premature death. Because certain sodas, especially dark colas, contain inorganic phosphates, or additives, in high amounts, soda consumption among patients with chronic kidney disease is even more dangerous. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Erica Wickham Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

January Meeting Announcements
March 4-7, 2014 Continuous Renal Replacement Therapies (CRRT) 2014—Acute Kidney Injury: Controversies, Challenges, and Solutions, Manchester Grand Hyatt, San Diego, CA. Visit http://www.crrtonline.com/conference or call 858-272-1018. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Vitamin D and Anemia
New insights into the biologic functions of vitamin D increased the interest in the clinical consequences of vitamin D deficiency. In addition to its role in mineral metabolism, recent studies indicate a relationship among hypovitaminosis D, survival, and inflammation. Moreover, it seems also that vitamin D is involved in erythropoiesis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Silva Lucisano, Eleonora Di Mauro, Gaetano Montalto, Valeria Cernaro, Michele Buemi, Domenico Santoro Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Time to Revisit the Role of Renal Dietitian in the Dialysis Unit
The November 2013 issue of the journal published a very important and interesting study by Hand, Steiber, and Burrowes titled “Renal Dietitians Lack Time and Resources to Follow the NKF KDOQI Guidelines for Frequency and Method of Diet Assessment: Results of a Survey”. The authors should be commended for executing an outstanding study on a very important but significantly overlooked subject—the roles and responsibilities of a renal dietitian in an outpatient dialysis unit. Although the dietitians cover a crucial aspect of care of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD), there are o...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: T. Alp Ikizler, Harold A. Franch, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Piet M. ter Wee, Christoph Wanner Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Development of a Predictive Energy Equation for Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients: A Pilot Study
Objective: The study objectives were to explore the predictors of measured resting energy expenditure (mREE) among a sample of maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, to generate a predictive energy equation (MHDE), and to compare such models to another commonly used predictive energy equation in nutritional care, the Mifflin-St. Jeor equation (MSJE).Design and Methods: The study was a retrospective, cross-sectional cohort design conducted at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Study subjects were adult MHD patients (N = 67). Data collected from several clinical trials were analyzed using Pearson's correlation and m...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Laura Byham-Gray, J. Scott Parrott, Wai Yin Ho, Mary B. Sundell, T. Alp Ikizler Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Contribution of Food Additives to Sodium and Phosphorus Content of Diets Rich in Processed Foods
Conclusion: Phosphorus and sodium additives in processed foods can substantially augment phosphorus and sodium intake, even in relatively healthy diets. Current dietary software may provide reasonable estimates of the phosphorus content in processed foods. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Anna Carrigan, Andrew Klinger, Suzanne S. Choquette, Alexandra Luzuriaga-McPherson, Emmy K. Bell, Betty Darnell, Orlando M. Gutiérrez Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Comparison of Dietary Intake Among Women on Maintenance Dialysis to a Women's Health Initiative Cohort: Results From the NKF-CRN Second National Research Question Collaborative Study
The objective of this study was to compare the characteristics and dietary intake of Second National Research Question (SNRQ) participants to the Women's Health Initiative-Dietary Modification (WHI-DM) Trial group and to compare the dietary intake of both groups to relevant reference norms.Design: The study design was a secondary analysis of data collected from the SNRQ and from the WHI-DM Trial.Subjects: SNRQ participants were adult women on dialysis (n = 248) from U.S. dialysis facilities. WHI-DM Trial participants (n = 48,836) were postmenopausal, 50- to 79-year-old women from 40 U.S. clinical centers.Methods: The 1-sam...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 2, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mona Therrien, Laura Byham-Gray, Robert Denmark, Judith Beto Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Obesity in Kidney Transplantation
This article reviews the literature assessing the role of pre- and post-transplant obesity on patient and graft survival, discusses the underlying obesity-related mechanisms leading to inferior kidney transplant outcomes, and explores the role of nutritional intervention on improving long-term outcomes of transplantation. Although the role of pretransplant obesity remains uncertain, post-transplant obesity increases the risk of graft failure and mortality. Nutritional intervention is effective in achieving post-transplant weight loss, but the effect on long-term outcomes has not been established. Future research should foc...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 13, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Winnie Chan, Jos A. Bosch, David Jones, Philip G. McTernan, Anna C. Phillips, Richard Borrows Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a Nutrition Education Program for the Prevention and Treatment of Malnutrition in End-Stage Renal Disease
This study was a longitudinal, 4-month prospective study.Settings: The study was conducted from January to May 2012 in the Hemodialysis Fresenius Medical Care Clinic of Murcia.Subjects: One hundred twenty patients with ESRD undergoing hemodialysis were randomly assigned to a NEP or to OS.Intervention: Patients assigned to the NEP group followed an educational program for 4 months that aimed to improve general nutritional knowledge and included culinary recommendations and an elaboration of balanced menus. The OS group received a nutritional supplement during the hemodialysis procedure.Main Outcome Measure: The main ou...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 11, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Juan José Hernández Morante, Almudena Sánchez-Villazala, Ruben Cañavate Cutillas, Mari Carmen Conesa Fuentes Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Effects of Tea Consumption on Renal Function in a Metropolitan Chinese Population: The Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
Conclusion: Overall there was no clear evidence to suggest any consistent association between renal function and tea consumption in this large population-based study of older Chinese individuals. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 11, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tim J. van Hasselt, Oliver Pickles, Alex Midgley-Hunt, Chao Quiang Jiang, Wei Sen Zhang, Kar Keung Cheng, Graham Neil Thomas, Tai Hing Lam Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency and Effects of Supplementation With Cholecalciferol in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease
This study took place at the Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center.Subjects: Patients with nondialytic CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] 10-59 mL/min per 1.73 m2) participated in this study.Intervention: Vitamin D status in 210 CKD patients was assessed and the patients with vitamin D deficiency ( (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 11, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Sun Moon Kim, Hyung Jin Choi, Jung Pyo Lee, Dong Ki Kim, Yun Kyu Oh, Yon Su Kim, Chun Soo Lim Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Protein/Energy Debt in Critically Ill Children in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit: Acute Kidney Injury As a Major Risk Factor
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 11, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Alice Sabatino, Giuseppe Regolisti, Umberto Maggiore, Enrico Fiaccadori Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Protein/Energy Debt in Critically Ill Children in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit: Acute Kidney Injury As a Major Risk Factor
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients. In this clinical setting, the risk of protein-energy wasting is high because of the metabolic derangements of the uremic syndrome, the difficulties in nutrient needs estimation, and the possible negative effects of renal replacement therapy itself on nutrient balance. No specific guidelines on nutritional support in PICU patients with AKI are currently available. The present review is aimed at evaluating the role of AKI as a risk condition for inadequate protein/energy intake in these patients, on the basis of literature data on quantitat...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 11, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Alice Sabatino, Giuseppe Regolisti, Umberto Maggiore, Enrico Fiaccadori Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Dietary and Pharmacological Modification of Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 in Chronic Kidney Disease
Increased levels of phosphorus and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) are strong predictors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. From a physiological perspective and supported by some data, phosphorus is the main driver for FGF-23 secretion. Therefore, it is conceivable that interventions aiming at restriction of phosphorus uptake from the gastrointestinal tract may lower serum FGF-23 levels and improve cardiovascular risk and subsequently survival. It is not currently known to what extend phosphorus and FGF-23 are independent risk factors, and therefore both need to be targeted. However, their respective metabolis...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 11, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Aaltje Y. Adema, Martin H. de Borst, Piet M. ter Wee, Marc G. Vervloet, NIGRAM Consortium Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 1, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 1, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 1, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Blood Pressure Medications: ACE-I/ARB and Chronic Kidney Disease
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-Is) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are commonly used medications in the early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This is especially the case for patients and clients with prediabetes, diabetes mellitus, and problems with high blood pressure. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 1, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Haewook Han Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Topmost to Trickiest Candy Choices for Dialysis Patients
Dialysis patients snack on candy and other convenience items. Candy is a quick energy source for the hypermetabolic dialysis patient on a tight schedule of 4-plus hours for 3 sessions a week. With renal replacement therapy, medical appointments, and travel time to and from the center/clinic, meal times are interrupted for therapies and snacking helps meet caloric requirements. Patients on peritoneal dialysis may be educated to incorporate snacks along with smaller meals to better manage abdominal discomfort and fullness. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 1, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shannon Hull Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

November Meeting Announcements
November 1-4, 2013 The Organization for Transplant Professionals (NATCO) The Donation & Transplantation Academy: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach, Tempe Mission Palms Hotel, Tempe, AZ. Visit www.natco1.org or call 913-895-4612. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 1, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Longitudinal Predictors of Uremic Pruritus
Conclusion: Neither serum phosphate nor other tests of bone and mineral status were found to be significant predictors of pruritus at any point in time or over time. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 1, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shayan Shirazian, Myriam Kline, Vipul Sakhiya, Mary Schanler, Dennis Moledina, Chinmay Patel, Azzour Hazzan, Steven Fishbane Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Morbid Obesity Is Not an Independent Predictor of Graft Failure or Patient Mortality After Kidney Transplantation
This study was a retrospective analysis of the Organ Procurement and Transplant Network/United Network for Organ Sharing database.Subjects: The study sample consisted of 30,132 morbidly obese (body mass index [BMI] 35-40 kg/m2) and normal-weight (BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2) patients who underwent primary kidney-only transplantation between 2001 and 2006.Main Outcome Measure: Crude 3-year graft and patient survival rates of morbidly obese and normal-weight subgroups were evaluated. Logistic regression modeling compared 3-year graft failure and patient mortality in morbidly obese and normal-weight subgroups with opposite chara...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - September 25, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Daniel Pieloch, Viktor Dombrovskiy, Adena J. Osband, Jonathan Lebowitz, David A. Laskow Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Vegetarianism: Advantages and Drawbacks in Patients With Chronic Kidney Diseases
Vegetarian diet is a very old practice that is liable to confer some health benefits. Recent studies have demonstrated that modification of the dietary pattern with a reduction of animal protein intake and increased consumption of plant-based foods could influence cardiovascular risk profile and mortality rate. Moreover, phosphate bioavailability from plant proteins is reduced. These statements could lead to some benefits for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. This review summarizes the characteristics and benefits of vegetarian diets in the general population and the potential beneficial effects of such a diet on phos...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - September 25, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Philippe Chauveau, Christian Combe, Denis Fouque, Michel Aparicio Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Uremia-Related Oxidative Stress in Leukocytes Is Not Triggered by β2-Microglobulin
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by low-grade inflammation and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. The interest in β2-microglobulin (B2M) as a marker for cardiovascular outcome with and without CKD has grown. Clinical studies suggested that B2M could be involved in the pathogenesis of vascular disease, for which chronic leukocyte activation is a pathogenic factor. We investigated whether B2M is proinflammatory by inducing oxidative burst in leukocytes.Methods: Oxidative burst was measured at baseline and after stimulation with N-formyl-methionine-leucine-phenylalanine (fMLP), Escherichi...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - September 9, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Nathalie Neirynck, Griet Glorieux, Jente Boelaert, Eva Schepers, Sophie Liabeuf, Annemieke Dhondt, Ziad Massy, Raymond Vanholder Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - September 1, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - September 1, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - September 1, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Bone Disease: Preparing for Your Parathyroidectomy
Patients with ESRD typically present with some form of bone mineral disease (BMD) due to secondary hyperparathyroidism. Secondary hyperparathyroidism develops in patients with ESRD because of various mechanisms that include increased phosphorus and decreased calcium and 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D levels. Individualized medical therapy usually consists of controlling hyperphosphatemia with a prescribed nutrition plan, phosphate binders, and administering vitamin D/analog and calcimimetic agents to lower parathyroid hormone (PTH). However, some patients, despite medical therapy interventions, have persistently elevated phospho...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - September 1, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Elaine McCall, Melody Keinholz Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Veggie Burgers
The word “burger” is described in the Oxford English Dictionary as originating in American English in 1939 and specifically pertaining to a “fried cake of minced meat.” Nonetheless, in contemporary usage, it has come to mean a patty of some combination of ingredients served with side dishes. Increasingly popular are vegetarian/vegetable/veggie/meatless burgers, which are often perceived as healthier in addition to being the choice for individuals who would like to minimize animal products. It should not be assumed that veggie burgers are vegan because some contain egg whites as a binder. A controver...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - September 1, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: M. Alison Hull Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

September Meeting Announcements
September 11-14, 2013 VI World Congress of the International Society for Hemodialysis (ISHD)/XVIII Argentine Congress of Nephrology/XI Argentine Congress of Nephrology Nurses, Sheraton Hotel and Convention Center, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Visit www.ishd-can2013.com.ar or call 54-11-4706-0770. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - September 1, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 28, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 28, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 28, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Bone Disease: Preparing for Your Parathyroidectomy
Patients with ESRD typically present with some form of bone mineral disease (BMD) due to secondary hyperparathyroidism. Secondary hyperparathyroidism develops in patients with ESRD because of various mechanisms that include increased phosphorus and decreased calcium and 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D levels. Individualized medical therapy usually consists of controlling hyperphosphatemia with a prescribed nutrition plan, phosphate binders, and administering vitamin D/analog and calcimimetic agents to lower parathyroid hormone (PTH). However, some patients, despite medical therapy interventions, have persistently elevated phospho...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 28, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Elaine McCall, Melody Keinholz Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Veggie Burgers
The word “burger” is described in the Oxford English Dictionary as originating in American English in 1939 and specifically pertaining to a “fried cake of minced meat.” Nonetheless, in contemporary usage, it has come to mean a patty of some combination of ingredients served with side dishes. Increasingly popular are vegetarian/vegetable/veggie/meatless burgers, which are often perceived as healthier in addition to being the choice for individuals who would like to minimize animal products. It should not be assumed that veggie burgers are vegan because some contain egg whites as a binder. A controver...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 28, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: M. Alison Hull Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

September Meeting Announcements
September 11-14, 2013 VI World Congress of the International Society for Hemodialysis (ISHD)/XVIII Argentine Congress of Nephrology/XI Argentine Congress of Nephrology Nurses, Sheraton Hotel and Convention Center, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Visit www.ishd-can2013.com.ar or call 54-11-4706-0770. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 28, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Protein-Bound Uremic Toxins…New Targets to Prevent Insulin Resistance and Dysmetabolism in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease
This study highlights the uremic toxins as new actors in metabolic alterations associated with CKD and allows for the consideration of new therapeutic approaches (e.g., prebiotics, probiotics, adsorbents) to better prevent them. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 12, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christophe O. Soulage, Laetitia Koppe, Denis Fouque Tags: Research Brief Source Type: research

Xerostomia is Associated With Old Age and Poor Appetite in Patients on Chronic Hemodialysis
Conclusion: Xerostomia is associated with old age and poor appetite in patients on chronic HD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - July 22, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Maurizio Bossola, Enrico Di Stasio, Stefania Giungi, Carlo Vulpio, Valerio Papa, Fausto Rosa, Antonio Tortorelli, Luigi Tazza Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Vitamin D Deficiency and Mortality in Patients Receiving Dialysis: The Comprehensive Dialysis Study
Objective: Although several studies have shown poorer survival among individuals with 25-hydroxy (OH) vitamin D deficiency, data on patients receiving dialysis are limited. Using data from the Comprehensive Dialysis Study (CDS), we tested the hypothesis that patients new to dialysis with low serum concentrations of 25-OH vitamin D would experience higher mortality and hospitalizations.Design: The CDS is a prospective cohort study.We recruited participants from 56 dialysis units located throughout the United States.Subjects and Intervention: We obtained data on demographics, comorbidites, and laboratory values from the CDS ...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - July 22, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shuchi Anand, Glenn M. Chertow, Kirsten L. Johansen, Barbara Grimes, Lorien S. Dalrymple, George A. Kaysen, Manjula Kurella Tamura Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Change in Body Composition in Accordance With Residual Renal Function in Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis
Conclusion: TA-RRF was associated with an increase in total lean mass and a decrease in edema index. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 24, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Seok Hui Kang, Kyu Hyang Cho, Jong Won Park, Kyung Woo Yoon, Jun Young Do Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Correlates of Exercise Capacity in Pediatric Patients on Chronic Hemodialysis
Objective: Pediatric patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD) are at high risk of inactivity and poor physical fitness. The aim of this study was to assess the main correlates of exercise capacity in a cohort of children and young adults on chronic HD.Methods: Twelve patients on chronic HD (median age 15.6 years; range 9.1-24.2) underwent a 6-minute walking test (WT), spirometry, a 1-minute chair stand test, and the measurement of lower extremity strength. Demographic data, anthropometry (dry weight, height, body mass index, and skinfold thickness, all expressed as standard deviation scores [SDS]), biochemistry (serum al...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 24, 2013 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Fabio Paglialonga, Amalia Lopopolo, Rosalia Viviana Scarfia, Maria Albina Galli, Silvia Consolo, Anna Brivio, Maria Rosa Grassi, Simona Salera, Alberto Edefonti Tags: Research Briefs Source Type: research