Quantifying the Time Used for Renal Dietitian's Responsibilities: A Pilot Study
The purpose of this study was to quantify how dialysis dietitians spend their time and whether the activities that were most frequent varied based on the ratio of patient to full-time equivalent (FTE) dietitian. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 22, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rosa K. Hand, Jeffrey M. Albert, Ashwini R. Sehgal Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

One-Year Historical Cohort Study of the Phosphate Binder Sucroferric Oxyhydroxide in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis
We examined the real-world effectiveness of sucroferric oxyhydroxide (SO), a PB with low pill burden, in managing serum phosphorus in patients with prevalent hemodialysis over a 1-year period. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 21, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jessica Kendrick, Vidhya Parameswaran, Linda H. Ficociello, Norma J. Ofsthun, Shannon Davis, Claudy Mullon, Robert J. Kossmann, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Frequency and Risk Factors of Kidney Alterations in Children and Adolescents who Are Overweight and Obese in a Primary Health-care Setting
Obesity is clearly associated to kidney disease in adult population; however, there is scarce evidence in children and adolescents. The aim was to compare frequency of renal damage according to the presence of overweight-obesity in children and adolescents, as well as to compare nutritional and biochemical risk factors, according to the presence of kidney alterations. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 21, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Fabiola Martin-del-Campo, Carolina Batis-Ruvalcaba, Susan M. Ordaz-Medina, H éctor R. Martínez-Ramírez, Bárbara Vizmanos-Lamotte, Enrique Romero-Velarde, Laura Cortes-Sanabria, Alfonso M. Cueto-Manzano Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Association of Pre-End-Stage Renal Disease Serum Albumin With Post-End-Stage Renal Disease Outcomes Among Patients Transitioning to Dialysis
Serum albumin is a marker of malnutrition and inflammation and has been demonstrated as a strong predictor of mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Yet, whether serum albumin levels in late-stage CKD are associated with adverse outcomes after the transition to ESRD is unknown. We hypothesize that lower levels and a decline in serum albumin in late-stage CKD are associated with higher risk of mortality and hospitalization rates 1  year after transition to ESRD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 11, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jui-Ting Hsiung, Carola-Ellen Kleine, Neda Naderi, Christina Park, Melissa Soohoo, Hamid Moradi, Connie M. Rhee, Yoshitsugu Obi, Joel D. Kopple, Csaba P. Kovesdy, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Elani Streja Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Low-Fiber Intake Is Associated With High Production of Intraperitoneal Inflammation Biomarkers
The objective of the present study is to analyze whether or not fiber intake in patients on PD is associated with serum and intraperitoneal levels of inflammatory biomarkers. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 11, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Cyntia Erthal Leinig, Roberto Pecoits-Filho, Luiz Kunii, Ligia Maria Claro, Julio Merlin, Naiane Rodrigues de Almeida, Camila Rodrigues de S. Carvalho, Thyago Proen ça de Moraes Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

March Meeting Announcements
April 12-15, 2019 International Society of Nephrology (ISN) World Congress of Nephrology 2019, Melbourne, Australia. Visit www.isnwcn2019.org. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 11, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Carbohydrate and Lipid Prescription, Administration, and Oxidation in Critically Ill Patients With Acute Kidney Injury: A Post Hoc Analysis
In a prospective multicenter study on adult patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) receiving enteral and/or parenteral nutrition, administered carbohydrates and lipids were compared to the prescribed amounts, as well as to substrate utilization data derived from indirect calorimetry measurements. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 7, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Moran Hellerman, Alice Sabatino, Miriam Theilla, Ilya Kagan, Enrico Fiaccadori, Pierre Singer Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

January Meeting Announcements
January 10-13, 2019 American Society of Transplant Surgeons (ASTS) 19th Annual State of the Art Winter Symposium, Loews Miami Beach Hotel, Miami, FL. Visit https://asts.org/home or call 703-414-7870. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 25, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Message From the Council on Renal Nutrition Chair
As we say goodbye to 2018 and welcome 2019 with open arms, I hope this year brings new opportunities rich in joy, happiness, and prosperity for all our members. The Council on Renal Nutrition (CRN) closes 2018 as a success, moving forward with many stimulating projects and the hope to see the fruition of others in 2019. I would like to congratulate all our prestigious award winners, our newly elected Executive Committee members, our grant and stipend recipients, and our recipe contest winner. As nephrology dietitians, we have an incredible peer network, and it is fantastic to see so many being honored through the National ...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 25, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christine Benedetti Tags: Message From the Chairperson Source Type: research

Starbucks Espresso Drinks: More Than the Average Cup of Joe
This article will examine the nutrient composition and appropriateness of espresso-based drinks from Starbucks for renal patien ts. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 25, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Laura Koch Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 25, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 25, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 25, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Opportunities for Renal Nutrition and Metabolism at the Dawn of 2020s: An Inauguration Message From the New JREN Editors-In-Chief
Almost 3  decades ago, the Council on Renal Nutrition (CRN) of the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) saw a need for publications specific to renal nutrition topics. The Journal of Renal Nutrition, abbreviated as JREN and occasionally also as JRN, was born as a place for renal nutrition and dietetics topics t o be shared with dietitians and physicians in the field. First edited by Judy Beto, PhD, RD, the quarterly publication was an exclusive benefit to members of the CRN. The journal quickly became popular among the renal nutrition community while the need for expanding the reader base became apparent w ithin the nephr...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 25, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Linda W. Moore, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Renal and Clinical Dietitian Program
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 25, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Dietary Sodium Reduction Reduces Albuminuria: A Cluster Randomized Trial
The objective of the study was to assess the impact of sustained dietary salt reduction on albuminuria in nearly 2000 community-dwelling adults. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 24, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Meg J. Jardine, Nicole Li, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Xiangxian Feng, Jianxin Zhang, Jingpu Shi, Yuhong Zhang, Ruijuan Zhang, Jing Zhang, Jesse Hao, Vlado Perkovic, Hiddo L. Heerspink, Yangfeng Wu, Lijing L. Yan, Bruce Neal Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Food Consumption in Chronic Kidney Disease: Association With Sociodemographic and Geographical Variables and Comparison With Healthy Individuals
To describe the food consumption of individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) per sociodemographic and geographical characteristics and CKD treatment. In addition, we compared the food consumption of individuals with and without CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 24, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Fernanda Santin, Daniela Silva Canella, Carla Maria Avesani Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Decline in the Functional Status and Mortality in Patients on Hemodialysis: Results from the Japan Dialysis Outcome and Practice Patterns Study
We examined the association between a change in the functional status over time and all-cause mortality among patients on hemodialysis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 24, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ryota Matsuzawa, Tsukasa Kamitani, Baback Roshanravan, Shingo Fukuma, Nobuhiko Joki, Masafumi Fukagawa Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Phase Angle Is Associated With Handgrip Strength but Not With Sarcopenia in Kidney Transplantation Patients
Phase angle (PhA) is a cell health marker and has been associated with muscle mass and strength in non –kidney disease individuals. However, it is unknown whether PhA is a predictor of sarcopenia and its components in kidney transplantation patients. The aim of the present study was to associate PhA with sarcopenia and its components in kidney transplantation patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Aline S. dos Reis, Heitor O. Santos, Larissa S. Limirio, Erick P. de Oliveira Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Comparison of the Correlates Between Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, Waist-to-Height Ratio, and Chronic Kidney Disease in a Rural Chinese Adult Population
The aim of the article was to evaluate and compare the correlates of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) with chronic kidney disease (CKD) among a rural Chinese adult population. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Song Yang, Mengxia Li, Yanchun Chen, Xianghai Zhao, Xiaotian Chen, Hui Wang, Yuanrui Tian, Chunlan Liu, Chong Shen Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Bicarbonate Supplement Restores Urinary Klotho Excretion in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Pilot Study
We tested the hypothesis that correcting acidosis may improve urinary Klotho excretion and serum α-Klotho. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Valerie Hage, Cedric Villain, Solenne Pelletier, Maurice Laville, Jocelyne Drai, Denis Fouque Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Likelihood of Self-reporting Balance Problems in Those With Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease, Slow Gait Speed, or Low Vitamin D
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D (25(OH)D) and balance deficits in persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the likelihood of self-reporting balance and falling problems, measured gait speed in persons with kidney disease, and low levels of vitamin D and albumin. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jordan F. Wickstrom, Harlan R. Sayles, Laura A. Graeff-Armas, Jennifer M. Yentes Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Potassium Additives and Bioavailability: Are We Missing Something in Hyperkalemia Management?
Hyperkalemia and hyperphosphatemia are common metabolic disturbances in chronic kidney disease. Management may include instructions on a low-potassium or low-phosphorus diet, respectively. Low-phosphorus diet teaching includes information on phosphorus additives in addition to naturally occurring phosphorus food sources. Phosphorus additives are known to be more bioavailable compared with naturally occurring phosphorus. The concentration of phosphorus can also be much higher in processed foods compared with whole foods. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kelly Picard Tags: Practical Aspects Source Type: research

Determinants and the Role of Self-Efficacy in a Sodium-Reduction Trial in Hemodialysis Patients
This study was to assess the impact of baseline dietary self-efficacy on the effect of a dietary intervention to reduce sodium intake in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and to identify determinants of low dietary self-efficacy. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lu Hu, David E. St-Jules, Collin J. Popp, Mary Ann Sevick Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Low-Carbohydrate High-Protein Diet is Associated With Increased Risk of Incident Chronic Kidney Diseases Among Tehranian Adults
The aim of this article was to assess the association between low-carbohydrate high-protein (LCHP) diet score and the risk of incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hossein Farhadnejad, Golaleh Asghari, Hadi Emamat, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Glycemic Status and Mortality in Chronic Kidney Disease According to Transition Versus Nontransition to Dialysis
The impact of glycemic control in diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who may or may not transition to dialysis remains uncertain, given recent interest in the conservative management of advanced CKD without dialysis therapy, which may benefit from alternative glycemic control strategies. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 15, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Connie M. Rhee, Csaba P. Kovesdy, Vanessa A. Ravel, Elani Streja, John J. Sim, Amy S. You, Justin Gatwood, Alpesh N. Amin, Miklos Z. Molnar, Danh V. Nguyen, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Obesity and Mortality in End-Stage Renal Disease. Is It Time to Reverse the “Reverse Epidemiology”—at Least in Peritoneal Dialysis?
With the rising incidence of chronic kidney disease, there has been a steady growth of the hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) population. Prevalence of obesity has also been on the rise. It has been proposed by some that obesity helps with survival in HD and possibly in PD patients —a concept called “Reverse Epidemiology.” Here, we attempt to explore this phenomenon in the HD and PD populations and see specifically if it is time to reverse this concept. A MEDLINE search was performed using search terms: obesity, body mass index, end-stage renal disease, HD, PD, renal dia lysis, mortality, surv...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 15, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Talha H. Imam, Karen J. Coleman Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis –Derived Phase Angle Predicts Protein–Energy Wasting in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients
To explore the validity of using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA)-derived 50  kHz phase angle (PhA) in predicting protein–energy wasting (PEW) in Chinese maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rong-shao Tan, Dan-hua Liang, Yan Liu, Xiao-shi Zhong, Dong-sheng Zhang, Jing Ma Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Vitamin B6 in Pediatric Renal Transplant Recipients
Our aim was to assess the vitamin B6 intake and biochemical status in a sample of children who have undergone renal transplantation. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - November 10, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Matthew Harmer, Stephen Wootton, Rodney Gilbert, Caroline Anderson Tags: Research Brief Source Type: research

Prebiotic, Probiotic, and Synbiotic Supplementation in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Gut dysbiosis has been implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Restoring gut microbiota with prebiotic, probiotic, and synbiotic supplementation has emerged as a potential therapeutic intervention but has not been systematically evaluated in the CKD population. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 23, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Catherine McFarlane, Christiane I. Ramos, David W. Johnson, Katrina L. Campbell Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Farewell Editorial
Eight years later as we prepare to welcome the new co-Editors-in-Chief, we have decided to share some reflections on our term and some thoughts about the future of the Journal of Renal Nutrition (JRN). To begin, we are deeply grateful for the support of our Associate Editors (Deborah Brommage, MS, RD, CSR, CDN; Laura  Byham-Gray, PhD, RD; and Juan Jesus Carrero, PhD), Feature Editors (Patient Education: Catherine Goeddeke-Merickel, MS, RD, LD, and Stacey Phillips, MS, RD; Product Update: Jennifer Kernc, RD, CSR, LD, and Sharon Stall, MPH, RD, CSR, CDN), editorial board members, and the hundreds of reviewers and author...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jerrilynn D. Burrowes, Christoph Wanner Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

November Meeting Announcements
February 26 - March 1, 2019 24th International Conference on Advances in Critical Care Nephrology (AKI& CRRT) 2019, San Diego, CA. Visit http://crrtonline.com/ or call 858-272-1018. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Global Prevalence of Protein-Energy Wasting in Kidney Disease: A Meta-analysis of Contemporary Observational Studies From the International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism
To better define the prevalence of protein-energy wasting (PEW) in kidney disease is poorly defined. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Juan J. Carrero, Fridtjof Thomas, Krist óf Nagy, Fatiu Arogundade, Carla M. Avesani, Maria Chan, Michal Chmielewski, Antonio C. Cordeiro, Angeles Espinosa-Cuevas, Enrico Fiaccadori, Fitsum Guebre-Egziabher, Rosa K. Hand, Adriana M. Hung, Talat A. Ikizler Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Message From the CRN Chair
It is hard to believe 2018 will be coming to an end soon. I hope everyone's holiday season is filled with the joy, warmth, and family that truly make this a special time of year. The Council on Renal Nutrition (CRN) has had a busy fall. I would like to congratulate all our prestigious award winners, our newly elected Executive Committee members, our grant recipients, and our recipe contest winner. As nephrology dietitians, we have an incredible peer network, and it is fantastic to see so many being honored through the National Kidney Foundation (NKF). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christine Benedetti Tags: Message From the Chairperson Source Type: research

Not All Protein Cookies Are Created Equal
Protein cookies seem to have sprung fully formed overnight into the aisles of local grocers. Wegmans, our local Rochester, NY supermarket, is all about protein cookies. In fact, they carry a good variety, many inhabiting the high-visibility end-cap display to catch shoppers' attention. But grocers are not the only place that you can find protein cookies. They are ubiquitous and available at movies, the gym, airports, and convenience stores. Protein cookies practically sell themselves because they have eye-catching packaging, often make multiple health claims, and appeal to the current protein craze. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Amy Alquist, Sharon Stall Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Differences between Measured Total Nitrogen Losses in Spent Peritoneal Dialysate Effluent and Estimated Nitrogen Losses
Patients treated by peritoneal dialysis (PD) are at increased risk of muscle wasting, and clinical guidelines recommend assessing dietary intake, by calculating protein equivalent of nitrogen appearance (PNA) to assure protein sufficiency. The PNA equations were developed many years ago, and we wished to re-evaluate them by comparing estimated and measured peritoneal nitrogen losses. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Surachet Vongsanim, Clara Salame, Simon Eaton, George Grimble, Andrew Davenport Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Differences in Amino Acid Loss Between High-Efficiency Hemodialysis and Postdilution and Predilution Hemodiafiltration Using High Convection Volume Exchange —A New Metabolic Scenario? A Pilot Study
The objective of the study was to quantify the loss of total amino acids (TAAs), nonessential amino acids, essential amino acids, and branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) produced by high-efficiency hemodialysis (HEHD), postdilution hemodiafiltration (HDFpost), and predilution hemodiafiltration (HDFpre) using high ultrafiltration volumes; and to define the specific AA losses registered in HEHD, HDFpost, and HDFpre; to identify a potential metabolic and nutritional decline into protein energy wasting; to compare AA analysis of arterial blood samples taken from healthy controls and patients with end-stage renal disease undergo...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 16, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Stefano Murtas, Roberto Aquilani, Maria Luisa Deiana, Paolo Iadarola, Romina Secci, Mariella Cadeddu, Stefano Salis, Doriana Serpi, Piergiorgio Bolasco Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Renal Safety of L-Carnitine, L-Arginine, and Glutamine in Athletes and Bodybuilders
One of the major concerns about taking amino acid supplements is their potential adverse effects on the kidney as a major organ involved in the metabolism and excretion of exogenous substances. The aim of this study is to review available data about renal safety of the most prominent amino acid supplements including L-arginine, glutamine and also L-carnitine as well as creatine (as amino acid derivatives) in athletes and bodybuilders.The literature was searched by keywords such as “L-carnitine”, “L-arginine”, “glutamine”, and “kidney injury” in databases such as Scopus, Medli...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 16, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Dorna Davani-Davari, Iman Karimzadeh, Mohammad Mahdi Sagheb, Hossein Khalili Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Cooking Legumes: A Way for Their Inclusion in the Renal Patient Diet
It has been observed that the consumption of legumes within a varied and Mediterranean diet has beneficial effects in prevention and control of many diseases, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recently, legumes have also been considered a good source of protein for CKD patients. However, despite their benefits, guidelines still recommend a limit to their consumption by these patients because of legumes ’ high potassium and phosphorus content, which are minerals whose intake must be controlled. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 12, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Montserrat Mart ínez-Pineda, Cristina Yagüe-Ruiz, Alberto Caverni-Muñoz, Antonio Vercet-Tormo Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Prevalence of Pica in Patients on Dialysis and its Association With Nutritional Status
The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of pica and its association with nutritional status in dialysis patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 12, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Claudia N. Orozco-Gonz ález, Laura Cortés-Sanabria, Alfonso M. Cueto-Manzano, Beatriz Corona-Figueroa, Héctor R. Martínez-Ramírez, Jorge López-Leal, Fabiola Martín-del-Campo, Enrique Rojas-Campos, Benjamín Gómez-Navarro Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Role of Calcium to Citrate Ratio in Predicting Stone Formation in Idiopathic Hypercalciuria Children (2-12  Years Old)
Considering the predictive role of the relatively low urinary citrate for stone formation, especially in hypercalciuric patients, this study is aimed at comparing urine calcium to citrate (Ca/Cit) ratio in 3 groups of children, including patients with idiopathic hypercalciuria with and without renal stone as well as the healthy children. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 12, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Farshid Kompani, Ehsan Valavi, Parisa Amuri, Neda Mohtasham Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Truncal Adiposity Influences High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels and Cardiovascular Events in Hemodialysis Patients
Adiposity influences lipid metabolism and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the general population. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between fat mass (FM) and lipid metabolism and CVD events among patients on hemodialysis (HD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 12, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Go Takahashi, Hirokazu Honda, Keiko Takahashi, Misa Ikeda, Nozomu Hosaka, Hiroaki Ogata, Fumihiko Koiwa, Kanji Shishido, Takanori Shibata Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Dietary Fiber Intake: Its Relation With Glycation End Products and Arterial Stiffness in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients
We aimed to analyze the relationship between the effect of total dietary fiber intake on C-reactive protein (CRP) and on oxidative stress parameters such as serum advanced glycation end products (AGEs), superoxide dysmutase (SOD), malondialdehyde, and arterial stiffness by pulse wave velocity (PWv) in maintanace hemodialysis (MHD) patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 9, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Bahar G ürlek Demirci, Emre Tutal, Irem O. Eminsoy, Eyup Kulah, Siren Sezer Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Association of Nutritional Factors and Skin Autofluorescence in Persons Receiving Hemodialysis
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are uremic toxins that result from hyperglycemia, oxidative stress, and systemic inflammation. AGEs are also formed in food during cooking. On the other hand, malnutrition may contribute to AGE formation through its association with oxidative stress and inflammation. AGE accumulation can be measured by skin autofluorescence (SAF) and elevated SAF is independently associated with higher mortality on hemodialysis (HD). We aimed to investigate associations between SAF, dietary AGE intake, and markers of malnutrition in persons receiving HD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Daniela Viramontes H örner, Nicholas M. Selby, Maarten W. Taal Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Trans-fatty Acids and Survival in Renal Transplantation
High consumption of trans-fatty acids (TFAs) is associated with increased mortality. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Anupam Chandra, My Svensson, Anders Åsberg, Erik Berg Schmidt, Kristian S. Bjerve, Trond Jenssen, Anders Hartmann, Thor Ueland, Ivar Anders Eide Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

High Animal and Vegetarian Protein Intake in Hemodialysis Patients
Choi et  al reported remarkable results in a pilot study involving 18 hemodialysis (HD) patients receiving high-protein meals during HD session.1 This single-center nonrandomized experience compared 9 patients nourished with meals of ∼30 g protein for 25 consecutive HD sessions and 9 control HD patients to evaluate the effect of high-protein meals on symptomatic hypotensive events. The authors did not point any significant difference on frequency of the outcome considered (P = .56), and the baseline characteristics reported higher blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and higher, even if not significant, norma lized protein c...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Leonardo Spatola, Silvia Finazzi, Claudio Angelini, Salvatore Badalamenti Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Overview of the 2017 KDIGO CKD-MBD Update: Practice Implications for Adult Hemodialysis Patients
Renal dietitians play a pivotal role in the ongoing management of chronic kidney disease in patients on hemodialysis. Awareness of changes to clinical practice guidelines that may impact laboratory parameters associated with chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder is important for optimal patient care. In this article, the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes 2017 Clinical Practice Guideline Update recommendations related to the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in adults on hemodialysis are reviewed and treatment implications for renal dietitians discussed. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 24, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Judith Beto, Nisha Bhatt, Teresa Gerbeling, Chhaya Patel, Debra Drayer Tags: Review Article Source Type: research