Interactions Between Malnutrition, Inflammation, and Fluid Overload and Their Associations With Survival in Prevalent Hemodialysis Patients
Predialysis fluid overload (FO) in hemodialysis (HD) patients is associated with an increased risk of death, further increased by the presence of inflammation. Malnutrition is also associated with outcome. Study objectives were, firstly, to investigate if the presence of FO is associated with malnutrition and whether this association is influenced by the presence of inflammation. Second, we assessed the associations of FO, malnutrition, and inflammation with outcome individually and in combination. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 23, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Marijke J.E. Dekker, Constantijn Konings, Bernard Canaud, Frank M. van der Sande, Stefano Stuard, Jochen G. Raimann, Elife Öztürk, Len Usvyat, Peter Kotanko, Jeroen P. Kooman Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Determination of Renal Nutrition Training and Education Need for Pediatric-Focused and Adult-Focused Clinicians: The North American Pediatric Renal Nutrition Education Survey (NAPRNES)
The purpose of the study was to ascertain pediatric-focused and adult-focused renal dietitians' perspectives on need for pediatric specific training and education materials. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christina L. Nelms, Elissaveta Johnson, Sarah Peseski Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Corrigendum
to ‘Comparison of Subjective Global Assessment and Protein Energy Wasting Score to Nutrition Evaluations Conducted by Registered Dietitian Nutritionists in Identifying Protein Energy Wasting Risk in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients’. The Journal of Renal Nutrition. 2017;27:325–332. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Message From the CRN Chair
I hope everyone had a lovely summer. My family and I were fortunate to have a few incredible trips this year, and we will cherish these memories dearly. As we have jumped into the bustle that comes with fall, the Council on Renal Nutrition (CRN) is no exception and has a busy season coming up! We wrapped up our dietitian award nominations on July 20th. We will be announcing all our prestigious winners very soon! I would like to share with you several items that are currently under way and may be of interest. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christine Benedetti Tags: Message from the Chairperson Source Type: research

September Meeting Announcements
September 15-18, 2018 47th European Dialysis and Transplant Nurses Association/European Renal Care Association (EDTNA/ERCA) International Conference, Genova, Italy. Visit www.edtna-erca.com or call +46 46 70 96  24. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Seltzer or Sparkling Water: An Alternative to Flat Water
Flavored sparkling water has exploded in popularity in the past few years. In 2017, US-made sparkling water sold about 20% more than the previous year.1 Although not new to the beverage industry, exciting new flavors, public fear of sugar-sweetened beverages, and good brand marketing have led to a resurgence of interest in this soda alternative. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jessica Krefting Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Adequacy of Plant-Based Proteins in Chronic Kidney Disease
Concerns regarding protein and amino acid deficiencies with plant-based proteins have precluded their use in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Many of these concerns were debunked years ago, but recommendations persist regarding the use of “high-biological value” (animal-based) proteins in CKD patients, which may contribute to worsening of other parameters such as blood pressure, metabolic acidosis, and hyperphosphatemia. Plant-based proteins are sufficient in meeting both quantity and quality requirements. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 16, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shivam Joshi, Sanjeev Shah, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh Tags: Practical Aspects Source Type: research

Pilot Study of the Effects of High-Protein Meals During Hemodialysis on Intradialytic Hypotension in Patients Undergoing Maintenance Hemodialysis
In this study, we hypothesized that high-protein meals during HD do not lead to symptomatic intradialytic hypotension events. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 11, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mun Sun Choi, Brandon Kistler, Gretchen N. Wiese, Elizabeth R. Stremke, Amy J. Wright, Ranjani N. Moorthi, Sharon M. Moe, Kathleen M. Hill Gallant Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Moderate Renal Impairment and Toxic Metabolites Produced by the Intestinal Microbiome: Dietary Implications
Toxic metabolites produced by the intestinal microbiome from animal proteins, carnitine (mainly from red meat), or phosphatidylcholine (mainly from egg yolk), have important adverse effects on cardiovascular disease. These are renally eliminated and may be termed gut-derived uremic toxins (GDUT). We hypothesized that even moderate renal impairment and intake of nutrient precursors would raise plasma levels of GDUT. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 9, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Michael Pignanelli, Chrysi Bogiatzi, Gregory Gloor, Emma Allen-Vercoe, Gregor Reid, Bradley L. Urquhart, Kelsey N. Ruetz, Thomas J. Velenosi, J. David Spence Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Comparison of DEXA and Bioimpedance for Body Composition Measurements in Nondialysis Patients With CKD
The aims of this study are (1) to compare dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and bioimpedance for body composition measurements in nondialysis patients with chronic kidney disease, and (2) to investigate factors associated with any measurement differences. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yunan Zhou, Peter H öglund, Naomi Clyne Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Association of Serum Carotenoids, Tocopherols, and Ascorbic Acid With Rapid Kidney Function Decline: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
Nutritional intervention targeting dietary intake modification is a major component of treatment for chronic kidney disease; however, little is known about the relationship between dietary intake and kidney function decline in individuals with preserved kidney function. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kristin M. Hirahatake, David R. Jacobs, Myron D. Gross, Kirsten B. Bibbins-Domingo, Michael G. Shlipak, Holly Mattix-Kramer, Andrew O. Odegaard Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Association of Circulatory Iron Deficiency With an Enlarged Heart in Patients With End-Stage Kidney Disease
High prevalence of iron deficiency (ID) and cardiomyopathy have been observed in patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Our objective was to clarify associations between ID and cardiac remodeling in patients with ESKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 7, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Toshihide Hayashi, Yuri Tanaka, Masaki Iwasaki, Hiroki Hase, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Yasuhiro Komatsu, Ryoichi Ando, Masato Ikeda, Daijo Inaguma, Toshifumi Sakaguchi, Toshio Shinoda, Fumihiko Koiwa, Shigeo Negi, Toshihiko Yamaka, Takashi Shigematsu, Nobuhiko J Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Serum Trace Elements in Children with End-Stage Renal Disease
Trace elements, which have a crucial role in metabolism and enzymatic pathways, are not routinely monitored in the blood of pediatric patients with chronic kidney disease. The present study was carried out to determine the serum levels of copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), and lead (Pb) in children with ESRD who were currently receiving conservative management or were on long-term hemodialysis or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 7, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mohammad Esmaeili, Forough Rakhshanizadeh Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Combined Score and Body Mass Index in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients
Shimoda et  al.1 recently reported remarkable results using the Green combined score (CS) as a predictive tool for all-cause mortality in maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients. The CS costs of 4 items such as malnutrition, inactivity, slowness, and weakness and HD patients with CS ≥5 had highest hazard rat io 3.3 (95% confidence interval: 1.59-6.87) for mortality in a 6.5 year interval compared to those with CS (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 6, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Leonardo Spatola, Silvia Finazzi, Salvatore Badalamenti Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Improvement in Hyperphosphatemia Using Phosphate Education and Planning Talks
This study was the first to use behavioral change techniques to encourage the use of phosphate binders and dietary modifications through a series of Phosphate Education and Planning (PEP) talks. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 6, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Alexander Brauer, Sana Waheed, Tripti Singh, Laura Maursetter Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Self-reported Intentional Weight Loss and Risk of Death in Moderate Chronic Kidney Disease in the United States
We hypothesized that intentional weight loss is associated with lower mortality risk, whereas unintentional weight loss is associated with higher mortality risk in chronic kidney disease (CKD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - August 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shweta Bansal, Guo Wei, Robert E. Boucher, Srinivasan Beddhu Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Is it Important to Prevent and Treat Protein-Energy Wasting in Chronic Kidney Disease and Chronic Dialysis Patients?
Protein-energy wasting (PEW), which essentially refers to decreased body protein mass and fuel (energy) reserves, is common in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and end-stage kidney disease patients undergoing chronic dialysis. The term PEW is used rather than protein-energy malnutrition because many causes of PEW in CKD and end-stage kidney disease patients does not involve reduced nutrient intake (e.g., catabolic illness, oxidants, biologicals lost in urine and dialysate, acidemia). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - July 26, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Bereket Tessema Lodebo, Anuja Shah, Joel D. Kopple Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Association Between Interdialytic Weight Gain, Perception About Dry Weight, and Dietary and Fluid Behaviors Based on Body Mass Index Among Patients on Hemodialysis
This study aimed to identify dietary and fluid behaviors associated with relative interdialytic weight gain (RIDWG) (divided by the respective dry weight [DW]) by stratifying the patients according to body mass index (BMI). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - July 17, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yuki Tamaura, Masaaki Nishitani, Rie Akamatsu, Nobuyo Tsunoda, Fumiko Iwasawa, Keiko Fujiwara, Takuya Kinoshita, Masashi Sakai, Toru Sakai Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Diagnostic Usefulness of the Protein Energy Wasting Score in Prevalent Hemodialysis Patients
To study whether the score proposed by the International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism to define the protein energy wasting (PEW) syndrome has diagnostic validity in patients undergoing dialysis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - July 5, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Gloria Ant ón-Pérez, Ángelo Santana-del-Pino, Fernando Henríquez-Palop, Tania Monzón, Ana Y. Sánchez, Francisco Valga, Adelaida Morales-Umpierrez, Cesar García-Cantón, Jose C. Rodríguez-Pérez, Juan J. Carrero Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Primary Versus Secondary Prevention of Chronic Kidney Disease: The Case of Dietary Protein
The proclamation that “the greatest medicine of all is to teach people how not to need it” (Hippocrates. 460-370 BC, Greece) is the basic principle of primary disease prevention, which aims to prevent disease before it ever occurs. Preventing exposures to hazards that cause disease, such as altering unhealthy behavio rs, is one example of primary disease prevention. Secondary or tertiary disease prevention, however, refers to reducing the impact of a disease that has already occurred, or limiting the impact of an ongoing illness that has lasting effects, respectively. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jaimon T. Kelly, Katrina L. Campbell, Juan J. Carrero Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

July Meeting Announcements
August 8-11, 2018 The Organization for Transplant Professionals (NATCO) 43rd Annual Meeting, Indianapolis, IN. Visit http://natco1.org/Education/annual-meeting2.asp or call 703-483-9820. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Waiter, There's Potassium in My Soup!
This article will address potassium content of soup from two leading manufacturers of canned soup: Campbell's and Progresso. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Michelle Gimbar Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Utilization of Mobile Nutrition Applications by Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1 in 7, or 30 million United States of America adults have chronic kidney disease (CKD). The main causes of kidney disease are high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and obesity.1 As CKD progresses, adherence to a renal diet is recommended. This consists of monitoring dietary protein, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, and fluid. Owing to the complexity of the renal diet, patients may feel overwhelmed, which is a strong factor in dietary noncompliance. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 30, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jillian Klein Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Owner's Manual: Nutrition Care for Your Kidney Transplant
Chronic kidney failure is well known to have a detrimental impact on nutritional status, and in particular, patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are at increased risk for malnutrition.1 Renal transplantation is the preferred treatment for ESRD, but the procedure can have increased risks with critical nutritional challenges related to recovery from major surgery, immune-suppressive pharmacotherapy, or preexisting comorbidities.2 The guidance of a registered dietitian is required by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for patients in advance of the renal transplantation procedure and as needed throughout t...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 25, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Nava Billet Teger Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Anthropometry-based Equations to Estimate Body Composition: A Suitable Alternative in Renal Transplant Recipients and Patients With Nondialysis Dependent Kidney Disease?
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and renal transplant recipients (RTRs) are characterized by aberrant body composition such as muscle wasting and obesity. It is still unknown which is the most accurate method to estimate body composition in CKD. We investigated the validity of the Hume equation and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) as an estimate of body composition against dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in a cohort of nondialysis dependent (NDD)-CKD and RTRs. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 24, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Thomas J. Wilkinson, Danielle Richler-Potts, Daniel G.D. Nixon, Jill Neale, Alice C. Smith Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Factors Associated With Anthropometric Indicators of Nutritional Status in Children With Chronic Kidney Disease Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis, Hemodialysis, and After Kidney Transplant
The objective of the study was to demonstrate that there are differences in the factors associated with anthropometric indicators of nutritional status, with particular emphasis on arm indicators, in children with end-stage kidney disease undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD), hemodialysis (HD), and after kidney transplant (KT). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 11, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Julieta Garc ía De Alba Verduzco, Erika Fabiola Hurtado López, Consuelo Pontón Vázquez, Adriana de la Torre Serrano, Enrique Romero Velarde, Edgar Manuel Vásquez Garibay Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Dietary Potential Renal Acid Load and Risk of Albuminuria and Reduced Kidney Function in the Jackson Heart Study
Diets high in sulfur-rich protein and low in fruit and vegetables affect human acid-base balance adversely and may have a harmful effect on progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Little is known about the relationship of participant characteristics, dietary acid load (DAL), and kidney injury in African-Americans with high risk of CKD progression. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tanushree Banerjee, Katherine Tucker, Michael Griswold, Sharon B. Wyatt, Jane Harman, Bessie Young, Herman Taylor, Neil R. Powe Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Dietary Intervention in Phosphatemia Control –Nutritional Traffic Light Labeling
The control of phosphatemia has been increasingly recognized as an important strategy for dialysis patients' because hyperphosphatemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, progression of kidney disease, and mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) as a whole.1 The prevention and correction of hyperphosphatemia are important components of CKD, achieved by dietary phosphate restriction, phosphate binders administration, and adequate dialysis.1 In this context, we emphasize the importance of knowledge about the phosphate content in food and we developed the “phosphate traffic light”, as a new tool for nu...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Marcela T. Watanabe, Pasqual Barretti, Jacqueline C.T. Caramori Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Assessment of Nutritional Status in Children With Chronic Kidney Disease Using Hand Grip Strength Tool
Muscle status assessment is crucial for diagnosis of protein energy wasting PEW/cachexia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. Hand grip strength (HGS) has been used in muscle power assessment in adult CKD. However, no data is available about its usefulness in children with CKD. Hence, we aimed to study the reliability of HGS in reflecting the muscle power and thus, nutritional status in children with CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 3, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ashraf Mohamed Abd El Basset Bakr, Bothina Mohamed Hasaneen, Dina AbdelRasoul Helal Bassiouni Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Attention to Food Phosphate and Nutrition Labeling
Phosphatemia represents a dynamic balance among dietetic absorption, urinary excretion and exchanges with bone tissue, soft tissues and intracellular stocks, and by regulatory hormonal mechanisms.1 The kidneys are the main organs that operate in the homeostasis of phosphatemia.1 (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 3, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Marcela T. Watanabe, Pasqual Barretti, Jacqueline C.T. Caramori Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Intensive Nutrition Intervention Versus Standard Nutrition Care to Avoid Excess Weight Gain After Kidney Transplantation: The INTENT Trial
Excessive weight gain is common after kidney transplantation and increases cardiovascular risk. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to determine whether an intensive nutrition and exercise intervention delivered alongside routine post-transplant care would reduce post-transplant weight gain. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - May 2, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Cordula K. Henggeler, Lindsay D. Plank, Kristin J. Ryan, Emily L. Gilchrist, Jessie M. Casas, Lyn E. Lloyd, Laura E. Mash, Sandra L. McLellan, Jennifer M. Robb, Michael G. Collins Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Protein Losses and Urea Nitrogen Underestimate Total Nitrogen Losses in Peritoneal Dialysis and Hemodialysis Patients
Muscle wasting is associated with increased mortality and is commonly reported in dialysis patients. Hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatments lead to protein losses in effluent dialysate. We wished to determine whether changes in current dialysis practice had increased therapy-associated nitrogen losses. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 28, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Clara Salame, Simon Eaton, George Grimble, Andrew Davenport Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Association of Sarcopenia With Nutritional Parameters, Quality of Life, Hospitalization, and Mortality Rates of Elderly Patients on Hemodialysis
This study aimed to assess whether diminished muscle mass, diminished muscle strength, or both conditions (sarcopenia) are associated with worse nutritional status, poor quality of life (QoL), and hard outcomes, such as hospitalization and mortality, in elderly patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 27, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Juliana Giglio, Maria Ayako Kamimura, Fernando Lamarca, Juliana Rodrigues, Fernanda Santin, Carla Maria Avesani Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Nutritional Considerations for Dialysis Vegetarian Patients, Part Two
This is the second piece of a 2-part series on educating practitioners and patients on how to successfully follow a vegetarian diet while on dialysis. The first piece focused on education for the practitioner. This summary and handout will provide education tips for use with the vegetarian dialysis patient. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 27, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Brittany Sparks Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

May Meeting Announcements
May 5-8, 2018 17th Congress of the International Society of Peritoneal Dialysis (ISPD). Vancouver, Canada. Visit http://ispd-2018-vancouver.launchrock.com/ or call 567-251-4018. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 27, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Is There Room for More Than White Rice in the Renal Diet? A New Look at Ancient Grains
This article weighs in on ancient grains by looking at their nutrient content and potential health benefits. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 27, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Brittany Sparks Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

CRN Message From the Chair
As I sit here thinking about what to write for my first message as the chair of the Council on Renal Nutrition (CRN), I find myself reflecting on how I got here. I have been in nephrology care for 10  years now, which seems a little surreal to me. I remember my first day like it was yesterday. Walking into the dialysis unit, which was located in an economically disadvantaged neighborhood in South Atlanta, I remember being nervous. This was only my second job as a dietitian. I can recall all the smells, sounds, and bustling as I walked into the unit. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 27, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christine Benedetti Tags: Message From the Chairperson Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 27, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 27, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 27, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The Importance of Sodium Restrictions in Chronic Kidney Disease
Dietary sodium restrictions for chronic kidney disease (CKD) have become common practice, but the importance of the limitation can often times be overlooked. In CKD, the kidneys inability to excrete sodium is a major cause of hypertension (HTN) and can lead to progression of the disease.1 Diuretic therapy has become the main treatment for HTN, but research has demonstrated that sodium restrictions can actually increase the effectiveness of these drugs. Excess sodium with CKD has been shown to also increase proteinuria, kidney blood flow and prevents antihypertensive agents from working properly. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 26, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Megan Cobb, Dominique Pacitti Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

Oral Versus Intravenous Iron Supplementation for the Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis —Effect on Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 Metabolism
The objective of this study was to compare the effect of oral or intravenous iron administration on serum levels of I-FGF23 and C-FGF23 in iron-deficient patients on MHD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 24, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Wataru Fukao, Yukiko Hasuike, Tomo Yamakawa, Kazuhiro Toyoda, Makoto Aichi, Satoko Masachika, Mari Kantou, Shoko (Ikeda) Takahishi, Takahide Iwasaki, Mana Yahiro, Masatoshi Nanami, Yasuyuki Nagasawa, Takahiro Kuragano, Takeshi Nakanishi Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Plasma n-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Levels and Survival in Renal Transplantation
The major n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids linoleic acid (LA) and arachidonic acid (AA) play a role in inflammation and glucose metabolism, which could affect patient and renal transplant survival. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 24, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Helga Skaare, My Svensson, Trond Jenssen, Anders Åsberg, Erik Berg Schmidt, Anupam Chandra, Thor Ueland, Tom Eirik Mollnes, Anders Hartmann, Ivar Anders Eide Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Oral Versus Intravenous Iron Supplementation for the Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis —Effect on Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 Metabolism
The objective of this study was to compare the effect of oral or intravenous iron administration on serum levels of I-FGF23 and C-FGF23 in iron-deficient patients on MHD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 24, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Wataru Fukao, Yukiko Hasuike, Tomo Yamakawa, Kazuhiro Toyoda, Makoto Aichi, Satoko Masachika, Mari Kantou, Shoko (Ikeda) Takahishi, Takahide Iwasaki, Mana Yahiro, Masatoshi Nanami, Yasuyuki Nagasawa, Takahiro Kuragano, Takeshi Nakanishi Tags: Original Research Source Type: research