Protective Effect of Myo-Inositol Hexaphosphate (Phytate) on Abdominal Aortic Calcification in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between physiological levels of myo-inositol hexaphosphate (phytate) and cardiovascular (CV) calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 12, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Pilar Sanchis, Juan Manuel Buades, Francisco Berga, Miguel Mas Gelabert, Marilisa Molina, María Victoria Íñigo, Susana García, Jorge Gonzalez, Maria Rosario Bernabeu, Antonia Costa-Bauzá, Felix Grases Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Diet and Major Renal Outcomes: A Prospective Cohort Study. The NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is prevalent and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Dietary modification may be an approach to reducing CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 12, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Andrew Smyth, Matthew Griffin, Salim Yusuf, Johannes F.E. Mann, Donal Reddan, Michelle Canavan, John Newell, Martin O'Donnell Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Nutrient Non-equivalence: Does Restricting High-Potassium Plant Foods Help to Prevent Hyperkalemia in Hemodialysis Patients?
Hemodialysis patients are often advised to limit their intake of high-potassium foods to help manage hyperkalemia. However, the benefits of this practice are entirely theoretical and not supported by rigorous randomized controlled trials. The hypothesis that potassium restriction is useful is based on the assumption that different sources of dietary potassium are therapeutically equivalent. In fact, animal and plant sources of potassium may differ in their potential to contribute to hyperkalemia. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 12, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: David E. St-Jules, David S. Goldfarb, Mary Ann Sevick Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Protective Effect of Myo-Inositol Hexaphosphate (Phytate) on Abdominal Aortic Calcification in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between physiological levels of myo-inositol hexaphosphate (phytate) and cardiovascular (CV) calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 12, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Pilar Sanchis, Juan Manuel Buades, Francisco Berga, Miguel Mas Gelabert, Marilisa Molina, Mar ía Victoria Íñigo, Susana García, Jorge Gonzalez, Maria Rosario Bernabeu, Antonia Costa-Bauzá, Felix Grases Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Diet and Major Renal Outcomes: A Prospective Cohort Study. The NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is prevalent and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Dietary modification may be an approach to reducing CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 12, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Andrew Smyth, Matthew Griffin, Salim Yusuf, Johannes F.E. Mann, Donal Reddan, Michelle Canavan, John Newell, Martin O'Donnell Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Nutrient Non-equivalence: Does Restricting High-Potassium Plant Foods Help to Prevent Hyperkalemia in Hemodialysis Patients?
Hemodialysis patients are often advised to limit their intake of high-potassium foods to help manage hyperkalemia. However, the benefits of this practice are entirely theoretical and not supported by rigorous randomized controlled trials. The hypothesis that potassium restriction is useful is based on the assumption that different sources of dietary potassium are therapeutically equivalent. In fact, animal and plant sources of potassium may differ in their potential to contribute to hyperkalemia. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 12, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: David E. St-Jules, David S. Goldfarb, Mary Ann Sevick Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Dietary Management of Incremental Transition to Dialysis Therapy: Once-Weekly Hemodialysis Combined With Low-Protein Diet
Initiation of thrice-weekly hemodialysis often results in a rapid loss of residual kidney function (RKF) including reduction in urine output. Preserving RKF longer is associated with better outcomes including greater survival in dialysis patients. An alternative approach aimed at preserving RKF is an incremental transition with less frequent hemodialysis sessions at the beginning with gradual increase in hemodialysis frequency over months. In addition to favorable clinical and economic implications, an incremental transition would also enhance a less stressful adaptation of the patient to dialysis therapy. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 27, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Piergiorgio Bolasco, Adamasco Cupisti, Francesco Locatelli, Stefania Caria, Kamiar Kalantar-Zadeh Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

An Update on Phosphate Binders: A Dietitian's Perspective
Control of serum phosphorus (PO4) has been long recognized as a goal in the nutritional and medical management of the patients with chronic kidney disease. Phosphate-binding compounds were introduced in the 1970s for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in patients on dialysis after it was observed that oral administration of aluminum hydroxide as an antacid also reduced serum PO4 levels. Forty years later, aluminum is very seldom used as a phosphate binder as many other safer compounds are now available. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 23, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lisa Gutekunst Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Association of Increased Serum Ferritin With Impaired Muscle Strength/Quality in Hemodialysis Patients
We reported previously that muscle quality and muscle strength provide clinically relevant predictors for better survival in hemodialysis patients. Iron overload might impair muscle function by its accumulation in muscle in such patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 23, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Chie Nakagawa, Masaaki Inaba, Eiji Ishimura, Tomoyuki Yamakawa, Shigeichi Shoji, Senji Okuno Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

An Update on Phosphate Binders: A Dietitian's Perspective
Control of serum phosphorus (PO4) has been long recognized as a goal in the nutritional and medical management of the patients with chronic kidney disease. Phosphate-binding compounds were introduced in the 1970s for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in patients on dialysis after it was observed that oral administration of aluminum hydroxide as an antacid also reduced serum PO4 levels. Forty years later, aluminum is very seldom used as a phosphate binder as many other safer compounds are now available. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 23, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lisa Gutekunst Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Association of Increased Serum Ferritin With Impaired Muscle Strength/Quality in Hemodialysis Patients
We reported previously that muscle quality and muscle strength provide clinically relevant predictors for better survival in hemodialysis patients. Iron overload might impair muscle function by its accumulation in muscle in such patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 23, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Chie Nakagawa, Masaaki Inaba, Eiji Ishimura, Tomoyuki Yamakawa, Shigeichi Shoji, Senji Okuno Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Effect of Dietary Supplementation With Curcumin on Redox Status and Nrf2 Activation in Patients With Nondiabetic or Diabetic Proteinuric Chronic Kidney Disease: A Pilot Study
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the dietary supplementation with curcumin (CUR) on the redox status and the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activation in patients with nondiabetic or diabetic proteinuric CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 22, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Angélica Saraí Jiménez-Osorio, Wylly Ramsés García-Niño, Susana González-Reyes, Alejandra Elizabeth Álvarez-Mejía, Sebastián Guerra-León, Jonathan Salazar-Segovia, Ilse Falcón, Héctor Montes de Oca-Solano, Magdalena Madero, José Pedraza-Chav Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Effect of Dietary Supplementation With Curcumin on Redox Status and Nrf2 Activation  in Patients With Nondiabetic or Diabetic Proteinuric Chronic Kidney Disease: A Pilot Study
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the dietary supplementation with curcumin (CUR) on the redox status and the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activation in patients with nondiabetic or diabetic proteinuric CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 22, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ang élica Saraí Jiménez-Osorio, Wylly Ramsés García-Niño, Susana González-Reyes, Alejandra Elizabeth Álvarez-Mejía, Sebastián Guerra-León, Jonathan Salazar-Segovia, Ilse Falcón, Héctor Montes de Oca-Solano, Magdalena Madero, José Pedraza-Cha Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Assessment of Protein-Energy Wasting: Quest for the Gold Standard
In the November 2014 issue of this journal, Moreau-Gaudry et al.1 reported on a new, simple score to assess protein-energy wasting (PEW). The score (hereafter referred to as French PEW test) was developed from the ARNOS prospective dialysis cohort in 1,443 patients and was associated with mortality at 3.5 years of follow-up. The French PEW test is based on 4 items (serum albumin, body mass index, SCr/BSA, and nPNA), which in itself are based on the proposed diagnostic criteria that were described by the International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism in their 2008 consensus article. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Camiel L.M. de Roij van Zuijdewijn, Piet M. ter Wee Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Protein Foods Group and 3-Year Incidence of Hypertension: A Prospective Study From Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study
In this study, we aimed to determine the possible effect of protein foods group and its subgroups on risk of HTN after 3-year follow-up in Iranian adults. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mahdieh Golzarand, Zahra Bahadoran, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

March Meeting Announcements
April 19-23, 2016 XVIII International Congress on Nutrition and Metabolism in Renal Disease. Okinawa, Japan. Visit www2.convention.co.jp/icrnm2016/. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

The Rice Cooker and the Renal Diet
I like my rice cooker. It makes perfect rice every time. Rice is a great food for the kidney healthy diet, it is low in potassium and sodium, it is a good source of carbohydrate and energy, and it is versatile for meal planning. Although half of the world's population eats rice and the US consumption of rice has increased, rice is not a staple of many typical American diets.1 (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Sharon Stall Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

Renewed Allegiance March 2016
At this time, we begin the 2016/2017 Executive Committee terms. In my last message, I introduced you to the new incoming Chair, Laura Holden. Due to circumstances beyond our control, I will be extending my term as Chair for one more year, and Laura will be extending her term as Chair-Elect for one more year. We are pleased to be serving you our membership in these capacities for another period. I will now introduce you to the Executive Committee for 2016/2017. Here is a brief introduction, for further information please refer to the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) Web site; view professional/dietitian/council election inf...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Judy Kirk Tags: Message From the Chairperson Source Type: research

Table of Contents for National Kidney Foundation 2016 Spring Clinical Meeting Abstracts April 27 - May 1, 2016
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Should KDOQI and Traditional Nutrition Guidelines for Maintenance Hemodialysis Be Applied to the Home Hemodialysis Population?
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Outcomes Based Incentive Education Program for the Control of Phosphorus Levels in an In-Center Dialysis Unit
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Phosphorus-Containing Food Additives in Processed Foods Consumed By End-Stage Renal Disease Patients in Brazil
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Key Questions of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life (KDQOL) Survey and Nutrition-Related Parameters and Fluid Status of Adult Maintenance Hemodialysis (MHD) Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Development and Evaluation of a Computer-Based Application for Nutrition Education Tool for South Asians with Renal Disease
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Relationship Between Subjective Global Assessment and Measurements of Abdominal Obesity and Body Composition in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Clinical Monitoring of Protein-Energy Wasting in Chronic Kidney Disease: Moving From Body Size to Body Composition
Regular assessment of nutritional status in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is needed to appropriately detect individuals at risk or suffering from protein-energy wasting who may benefit from adequate nutritional and therapeutic management.1,2 In the absence of dedicated renal dietitians, most clinics are left to base their clinical monitoring on easily accessible nutritional indicators.3,4 In this issue of the journal, 4 interesting studies highlight the importance of body composition over body size and the role that bioimpedance techniques are playing in this regard. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Juan Jesús Carrero, Christoph Wanner Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Thank You to Our Reviewers
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

ISRNM Membership Award Announcement
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 18, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

No Difference in Average Interdialytic Weight Gain Observed in a Randomized Trial With a Technology-Supported Behavioral Intervention to Reduce Dietary Sodium Intake in Adults Undergoing Maintenance Hemodialysis in the United States: Primary Outcomes of the BalanceWise Study
To evaluate the efficacy of behavioral counseling combined with technology-based self-monitoring for sodium restriction in hemodialysis (HD) patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 9, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mary Ann Sevick, Beth M. Piraino, David E. St-Jules, Linda J. Hough, Joseph T. Hanlon, Zachary A. Marcum, Susan L. Zickmund, Linda G. Snetselaar, Ann R. Steenkiste, Roslyn A. Stone Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Reexamining the Phosphorus–Protein Dilemma: Does Phosphorus Restriction Compromise Protein Status?
Dietary phosphorus restriction is recommended to help control hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis patients, but many high-phosphorus foods are important sources of protein. In this review, we examine whether restricting dietary phosphorus compromises protein status in hemodialysis patients. Although dietary phosphorus and protein are highly correlated, phosphorus intakes can range up to 600 mg/day for a given energy and protein intake level. Furthermore, the collinearity of phosphorus and protein may be biased because the phosphorus burden of food depends on: (1) the presence of phosphate additives, (2) food preparation...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 9, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: David E. St-Jules, Kathleen Woolf, Mary Lou Pompeii, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Mary Ann Sevick Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Dietary Quality and Adherence to Dietary Recommendations in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis
The multiple dietary restrictions recommended to hemodialysis patients may be difficult to achieve and, at the same time, may result in nutritional deficiencies rendering a poor dietary quality. We here assess the dietary quality and adherence to renal-specific guideline recommendations among hemodialysis patients from a single center in Canary Islands, Spain. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 27, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Desiree Luis, Karyn Zlatkis, Beatriz Comenge, Zoraida García, Juan F. Navarro, Victor Lorenzo, Juan Jesús Carrero Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Isolated Effects of Renal Failure, Anthropometric Indices, and Serum Total Iron-Binding Capacity as Determinants of Muscle Performance in Hemodialysis Patients
We quantified the isolated impact of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on physical performance under contemporary hemodialysis treatment independent of comorbid diseases, characterized principal anthropometric components, and adjusted for their influence and compared associations of C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin, and serum total iron-binding capacity (TIBC) with muscle function. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 27, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Maja Bučar Pajek, Katarina Svilan, Tjaša Vivoda, Andrej Škoberne, Jernej Pajek Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Circulating Alpha-Tocopherol and Insulin Sensitivity Among Older Men With Chronic Kidney Disease
Insulin resistance is common in individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and may be partly explained by modifiable risk factors. In the general population, vitamin E supplementation has been suggested to improve both insulin sensitivity and secretion. We here explore the potential role of vitamin E as a modifiable risk factor for insulin resistance among individuals with CKD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 7, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hong Xu, Zibo Xiong, Johan Ärnlöv, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Tommy Cederholm, Per Sjögren, Bengt Lindholm, Ulf Risérus, Juan Jesús Carrero Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Development and Evaluation of a Scored Sodium Questionnaire–Screening Form for Kidney Disease Patients
To develop and evaluate a screening version of the validated Scored Sodium Questionnaire (SSQ). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 5, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lynda Ross, Shu Han Chong, Belinda Mason, Helen Healy Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Efficacy and Safety of Megestrol Acetate in Protein-Energy Wasting due to Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review
To assess the efficacy and safety of oral megestrol acetate (MA) in the management of protein-energy wasting in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 5, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lori D. Wazny, Stewart Nadurak, Cali Orsulak, Lori Giles-Smith, Navdeep Tangri Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Plasma n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Bone Mineral Density in Renal Transplant Recipients
Renal transplant recipients (RTR) suffer high rates of bone loss and increased risk of fracture. Marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA), found mainly in fish and seafood, may have beneficial effects on bone and are positively associated with bone mineral density (BMD) in healthy elderly. The aim of this study was to investigate if this association prevails despite the more complex causes of bone loss in RTR. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 5, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hanne Skou Jørgensen, Ivar Anders Eide, Anders Hartmann, Anders Åsberg, Jeppe Hagstrup Christensen, Erik Berg Schmidt, Kristin Godang, Jens Bollerslev, My Svensson Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Heart-Healthy Nutrition Approach for Chronic Kidney Disease Patients
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) in comparison to the general population.1,2 There is a well-established link between CKD and CVD risk factors in this population.3,4 CVD is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the CKD population.5-8 This increased risk and associated link emphasizes the need to further educate patients about the importance of a heart-healthy nutrition intake, placing the focus on CKD patients who exhibit risk factors or already have CVD. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Catherine M. Goeddeke-Merickel, Haewook Han Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

January Meeting Announcements
January 14-17, 2016 American Society of Transplant Surgeons (ASTS) 16th Annual State of the Art Winter Symposium, Loews Miami Beach Hotel, Miami, FL. Visit http://asts.org/home or call 703-414-7870. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

CRN Message From the Chairperson: Happy 2016!
As the 2016 year begins I look back at 2015 and I am thankful for the wonderful year and the opportunity to serve the membership as Chairperson of the National Kidney Foundation (NKF)/Council on Renal Nutrition (CRN). I have been impressed by members that I had the honor to meet and work with on national projects. Now I have the pleasure to introduce the new leadership of CRN for 2016/2017. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Judy Kirk Tags: Message From the Chairperson Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Guidelines for Contributing Authors
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research