Can Almond Milk Be Called Milk?
Can almond milk be called milk? Producers of plant-based beverages are being challenged on using the word milk. In December 2016, 32 members of Congress, backed by members of the dairy industry, asked the Food and Drug Administration to demand creators of plant-based beverages to create a new name for their products. This bipartisan group asked manufactures to not use the word “milk” claiming it is misleading for consumers.1 As recently as December 2015, a case alleging Trade Joe's was misleading customers in its packaging of soy milk and violated the standards of identity of milk was dismissed by the judge sta...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 13, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Sharon Stall, Gretchen Adams Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 13, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 13, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 13, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Renal Response to a Protein Load in Healthy Young Adults as Determined by Iohexol Infusion Clearance, Cimetidine-Inhibited Creatinine Clearance, and Cystatin C Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate
Renal reserve (RR) measures the increase in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in response to a protein load; lack of RR could indicate subclinical kidney disease but such a test is not routinely used in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to compare a meat versus liquid protein load in a cystatin C –based (Cys-C) RR test using cimetidine-inhibited creatinine clearance (Cr Cl) and iohexol infusion clearance (Io Cl) for validation. The design was cross-sectional analysis and the setting was a Clinical Research Center. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - April 4, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kyle E. Rodenbach, Dana Y. Fuhrman, Paula S. Maier, George J. Schwartz Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Association Between the Metabolic Syndrome and Metabolic Syndrome Score and Urine Microalbumin/Urine Creatinine Ratio and Glomerular Filtration Rate in Korean Adults With Obesity
This study assessed the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and metabolic syndrome score (MSS) and the levels of urine microalbumin –urine creatinine ratio (uACR) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in Korean adults with obesity. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 31, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hyun Yoon, Ae Eun Moon, Yu Jeong Kim, Min Cheol Kim, Eun Young Jung Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Visceral Adipose Tissue and Leptin Hyperproduction Are Associated With Hypogonadism in Men With Chronic Kidney Disease
Hypogonadism is a common endocrine disorder in men with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but its pathophysiology is poorly understood. We here explore the plausible contribution of abdominal adiposity and leptin hyperproduction to testosterone deficiency in this patient population. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 31, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Gabriela Cobo, Antonio C. Cordeiro, Fernanda Cassulo Amparo, Celso Amodeo, Bengt Lindholm, Juan Jes ús Carrero Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Tryptophan and Kynurenine Levels and Its Association With Sleep, Nonphysical Fatigue, and Depression in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients
Sleep and mood disorders are common in hemodialysis (HD) patients and the pathophysiology is still unclear. Tryptophan (TRP) and its metabolites may play a prominent role in neural pathways related to sleep, fatigue, and depression. Here, we sought to compare the levels of TRP and its metabolites between HD patients and healthy subjects and examine their association with sleep, fatigue, and depression in HD patients. The design was cross-sectional analysis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 30, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rakesh Malhotra, Vanja Persic, Weifang Zhang, Jill Brown, Xia Tao, Laura Rosales, Stephan Thijssen, Fredric O. Finkelstein, Mark L. Unruh, Alp Ikizler, Pranav S. Garimella, Joachim H. Ix, Jeroen Kooman, Nathan W. Levin, Garry J. Handelman, Peter Kotanko Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Nonpharmacologic Strategies to Modulate Nuclear Factor Erythroid 2 –related Factor 2 Pathway in Chronic Kidney Disease
Nuclear factor erythroid 2 –related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor with a high sensitivity to oxidative stress, which regulates the expression of detoxifying enzymes, besides that, can also control antioxidant and anti-inflammatory cellular responses. Therefore, the modulation of this transcription factor can be a new therapeutic approach to reduce complications in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, like oxidative stress and inflammation, which leads to increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, the major cause of death in these patients. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 24, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Marta Esgalhado, Peter Stenvinkel, Denise Mafra Tags: Practical Aspects Source Type: research

Erratum
In the March 2017 issue of the Journal of Renal Nutrition (Vol. 27, No. 2), the CPE article was incorrectly listed as “Examining the Proportion of Dietary Phosphorus From Plants, Animals, and Food Additives Excreted in Urine.” (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 18, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Standardized Method to Measure Muscle Force at the Bedside in Hemodialysis Patients
In hemodialysis, diminution of muscle strength constitutes a major prognostic factor of mortality. Currently, measurement of quadriceps isometric maximal voluntary force (MVF) represents the reference method to investigate muscle strength. However, reduction of MVF is rarely detected in these patients due to the absence of portative bedside tools in clinical practice. The purposes of this study were therefore to assess the agreement of a belt-stabilized handheld dynamometer (HHD) with the dynamometer chair (reference method) and to determine intratester and intertester reliability of the quadriceps MVF measurements using b...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jean-S ébastien Souweine, Agathe Boudet, Leila Chenine, Helene Leray, Annie Rodriguez, Georges Mourad, Jacques Mercier, Jean-Paul Cristol, Maurice Hayot, Fares Gouzi Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Body Composition and Mortality in Coronary Artery Disease With Mild Renal Insufficiency in Chinese Patients
In this study, we try to analyze the effect of body composition on death in CAD patients with mild RI. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yong Peng, Fei Chen, Fang-yang Huang, Tian-li Xia, Bao-tao Huang, Hua Chai, Peng-ju Wang, Zhi-liang Zuo, Wei Liu, Chen Zhang, Yi-yue Gui, Mao Chen, De-jia Huang Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Errors in Computing the Normalized Protein Catabolic Rate due to Use of Single-pool Urea Kinetic Modeling or to Omission of the Residual Kidney Urea Clearance
The protein catabolic rate normalized to body size (PCRn) often is computed in dialysis units to obtain information about protein ingestion. However, errors can manifest when inappropriate modeling methods are used. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: John T. Daugirdas Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Comparison of the Availability and Cost of Foods Compatible With a Renal Diet Versus an Unrestricted Diet Using the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey
Hemodialysis patients' ability to access food that is both compatible with a renal diet and affordable is affected by the local food environment. Comparisons of the availability and cost of food items suitable for the renal diet versus a typical unrestricted diet were completed using the standard Nutrition Environment Measures Survey and a renal diet –modified Nutrition Environment Measures Survey. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - March 6, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Catherine M. Sullivan, Julie A. Pencak, Darcy A. Freedman, Anne M. Huml, Janeen B. Le ón, Jeanette Nemcek, Jacqueline Theurer, Ashwini R. Sehgal Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Medical Nutrition Therapy for Pediatric Kidney Stone Prevention, Part Two
The article that follows represents the second in a three-part series of handouts intended to provide a comprehensive nutrition education tool for the prevention of pediatric nephrolithiasis. The dietary recommendations presented in the handouts are described in the following along with the evidence-based rational and application in the clinical setting. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jennifer Carvalho-Salemi, Lorrie Moreno, Mini Michael Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

March Meeting Announcements
March 7-10, 2017 International Society of Nephrology (ISN) and Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN), AKI& CRRT 2017 – The 22nd International Conference on Advances in Critical Care Nephrology, Manchester Grand Hyatt, San Diego, CA. Visit http://www.crrtonline.com/conference/ or call 858-272-1018. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Thank You
In April, we begin the 2017 –2018 Executive Committee year, and my Chairperson term will end this month. I have had the pleasure to meet many members through the executive committee business, project work, and networking at conferences. I have been amazed by all the energy and wealth of knowledge in our membership. Thank you for the opportunity to serve the National Kidney Foundation/Council on Renal Nutrition (NKF/CRN) as your Chairperson for the past 2 years. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Judy Kirk Tags: Message From the Chairperson Source Type: research

Crunch on This …A Fresh Look at Nuts for Renal Nutrition
As renal dietitians, common questions our clients ask of us are “Can I eat this or that?” The answer depends on the nutrient composition of the particular food item in question. Nuts are often one of those foods on the “Can I” question. Unfortunately, these food items end up on the high potassium and/or high phosphorus food lists. However, nuts offer so much nutritionally. It should not be surprising to learn that Americans are adding more nuts to their diet.1 Perhaps, we should take another look at this nutritional powerhouse. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Joanne White Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

Obesity and Kidney Disease: Hidden Consequences of the Epidemic
Obesity is a growing worldwide epidemic. Obesity is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset chronic kidney disease, and also for nephrolithiasis and for kidney cancer. This year the World Kidney Day promotes education on the harmful consequences of obesity and its association with kidney disease, advocating healthy lifestyle and health policy measures that make preventive behaviors an affordable option. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Csaba P. Kovesdy, Susan L. Furth, Carmine Zoccali, World Kidney Day Steering Committee Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Table of Contents for National Kidney Foundation 2017 Spring Clinical Meetings Abstracts, April 18 – 22, 2017
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Nutritional Status Dietary Intake and Quality Among Chronic Hemodialysis Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The Relationships Between Fat Free Mass Estimates and Fluid Status in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The Effect of Increased Renal Dietitian (RD) Hours on Bone Mineral Metabolism (BMM) Parameters Over 18 Months
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Nutrition Management for Small, Anuric Pediatric Patients on Hemodialysis: A Single Center Experience
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Ratio of Hemodialysis (HD) Patients Per Allied Health Professional Staff Members: A Four Year Analysis of Annual Facility Survey (AFS) Data
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Handgrip Strength in ESRD Patients Starting Hemodialysis in Singapore
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A Self-Management Media Approach to Increasing Confidence in Reading Food Labels for Patients on Hemodialysis
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Comparison of a Handheld Indirect Calorimetry Device and Predictive Energy Equations Among Individuals on Maintenance Hemodialysis
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Phase Angle and Body Cell Mass for Assessment of Nutritional Status and Clinical Outcome in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Comparison of Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) and Protein Energy Wasting (PEW) Score to Nutrition Evaluation Conducted by Registered Dietitian Nutritionists (RDNs) in Identifying Risk of PEW in Maintenance Hemodialysis (MHD) Patients
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Relationships Between Dietary Energy and Protein Intake and Nutrition Specific Quality of Life in Individuals on Maintenance Hemodialysis
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Predictive Value of Baseline Handgrip Strength on Time to First Hospitalisation of Patient Starting With Hemodialysis in Community Setting
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Thank You to Our Reviewers
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Comparison of Nutritional Risk Scores for Predicting Mortality in Japanese Chronic Hemodialysis Patients
Protein energy wasting (PEW) is consistently associated with poor prognosis in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We compared the predictability of PEW as diagnosed by The International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism criteria (PEWISRNM) and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) for all-cause mortality in Japanese HD patients. As cut-off values for body mass index (BMI) for PEW have not been established in PEWISRNM for Asian populations, these were also investigated. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 15, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hiroshi Takahashi, Keiko Inoue, Kazue Shimizu, Keiko Hiraga, Erika Takahashi, Kaori Otaki, Taeko Yoshikawa, Kumiko Furuta, Chika Tokunaga, Tomoyo Sakakibara, Yasuhiko Ito, Tokai Renal Nutrition Study Group Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Dietary Intake, Nutritional Status, and Body Composition in Children With End-Stage Kidney Disease on Hemodialysis or Peritoneal Dialysis
This study aimed to demonstrate that dietary intake, anthropometric indicators, and body composition in children with end-stage kidney disease differs between those on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and those on hemodialysis (HD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - February 15, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Consuelo Pont ón-Vázquez, Edgar Manuel Vásquez-Garibay, Erika Fabiola Hurtado-López, Adriana de la Torre Serrano, Germán Patiño García, Enrique Romero-Velarde Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Bioimpedance Analysis and Acute Kidney Injury
I read with interest the study by Bufarah et  al.1 where they describe the methods for measuring protein catabolism in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) and propose that catabolic rate be used to assess nutritional status. The authors report that obesity has been proven to confer a protective effect on mortality in patients with AKI but evidence on this is yet inconclusive.2 The apparent “obesity paradox” observed in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has recently been attributed to a greater percentage of lean body mass (LBM) per kilogram of body weight. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 22, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Maria P. Barrett Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Reducing the Dietary Acid Load: How a More Alkaline Diet Benefits Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease
It has been proposed that a low-protein diet will slow progression of chronic kidney disease although studies have not always supported this belief. The accepted practice is that 60% to 70% of protein comes from high biological value (HBV) protein, but this limits patient choice and patients struggle to follow the diet. When a diet with only 30% HBV protein was trialed, there was a significant increase in serum bicarbonate, and patients preferred the diet. The dietary advice given in predialysis clinics was changed. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 19, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Caroline Passey Tags: Practical Aspects Source Type: research

Effect of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Serum Lipid Profile and Oxidative Stress in Pediatric Patients on Regular Hemodialysis: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Study
We sought to evaluate the effects of omega-3 fatty acids supplementation on serum lipid profile and oxidative stress markers in pediatric patients with end-stage renal disease on regular hemodialysis (HD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 15, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Areej Mohamed Ateya, Nagwa Ali Sabri, Ihab El Hakim, Sara M. Shaheen Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Dietary Protein Sources and Risk for Incident Chronic Kidney Disease: Results From the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
This study aimed to assess the association between dietary protein sources and incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 4, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Bernhard Haring, Elizabeth Selvin, Menglu Liang, Josef Coresh, Morgan E. Grams, Natalia Petruski-Ivleva, Lyn M. Steffen, Casey M. Rebholz Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Protective Effects of L-Carnitine Against Delayed Graft Function in Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Pilot, Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial
Delayed graft function (DGF) is an early complication after deceased donor kidney transplantation with significant adverse effects on graft outcomes. Ischemia-reperfusion injury during transplantation is a major cause of DGF. Tissue concentrations of carnitine, an antioxidant and regulator of cellular energy supply, decrease in the kidney following ischemia-reperfusion insult. Based on promising animal data, this study evaluated the possible protective effect of L-carnitine against DGF. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 3, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Atefeh Jafari, Mohammad-Reza Khatami, Simin Dashti-Khavidaki, Mahboob Lessan-Pezeshki, Alireza Abdollahi, Azadeh Moghaddas Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Prevalence, Association, and Clinical Outcomes of Frailty in Maintenance Dialysis Patients
To investigate the clinical implications of frailty in chronic kidney disease patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis and chronic peritoneal dialysis. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 3, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: So-Young Lee, Dong Ho Yang, Eunah Hwang, Seock Hui Kang, Sun-Hee Park, Tae Woo Kim, Duk Hyun Lee, Kisoo Park, Jun Chul Kim Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Medical Nutrition Therapy for Pediatric Kidney Stone Prevention, Part One
Renal stone disease, or nephrolithiasis, is a major health concern associated with significant pain, morbidity, and medical cost. Recurrent nephrolithiasis can lead to chronic kidney disease, as well as increased risk of related conditions such as cardiovascular disease and fracture.1 (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jennifer Carvalho-Salemi, Lorrie Moreno, Mini Michael Tags: Patient Education Source Type: research

January Meeting Announcements
February 23-25, 2017 American Society of Transplantation (AST) Cutting Edge of Transplantation 2017, Arizona Biltmore, Phoenix, AZ. Visit https://www.myast.org/ or call 856-439-9986. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Cranberry Juice: What Is the Potassium Story?
Cranberry juice has several appealing features to chronic kidney patients. It has been a long-held belief that cranberry juice helps with urinary tract and kidney health. Originally, it was thought that fruit acids were responsible for the bacteriostatic effect. However, proanthocyanidins have been isolated in cranberries as having bacterial antiadhesion activity which will prevent bacteria from binding itself to the bladder walls.1 A Cochrane meta-analysis has shown that cranberry juice products do not significantly reduce the occurrence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women with recurrent UTIs, as previously though...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jessica Krefting Tags: Product Update Source Type: research

Happy New Year!
January  2017. (Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Judy Kirk Tags: Message From the Chairperson Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - December 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research