Primary prevention of coronary heart disease : Evidence-based drug treatment.

[Primary prevention of coronary heart disease : Evidence-based drug treatment]. Herz. 2019 Dec 10;: Authors: Mühleck F, Laufs U Abstract Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most frequent cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Lifestyle modifications and drug treatment of cardiovascular risk factors are able to effectively prevent CAD. The basis of prevention is the assessment of the individual cardiovascular risk, e.g. by using a validated risk score. Documented evidence for prevention of CAD is available for the control of hypertension using angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) and calcium antagonists, for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia using statins, ezetimibe and proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK-9) inhibitors and for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus with metformin, sodium-glucose transporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) agonists. There is no positive benefit-risk ratio for people with a low risk in the use of acetylsalicylic acid in primary prevention, in contrast to the positive recommendations for secondary prevention. There is no evidence for the efficacy of primary prevention with beta blockers, dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, glitazones, sulfonylureas or insulin. Similarly, there is no evidence for drug treatment of obesity, any supplementation with vitamins or hormone preparations or omega‑3 fatty acids. ...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research

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ConclusionSubstantial agreement exists among experts regarding many strong recommendations for the improvement of practice concerning the use of muscle relaxants and reversal agents during anaesthesia. In particular, the French Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care (SFAR) recommends the use of a device to monitor neuromuscular blockade throughout anaesthesia.
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
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Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
In this study, we found that cofilin competes with tau for direct microtubule binding in vitro, in cells, and in vivo, which inhibits tau-induced microtubule assembly. Genetic reduction of cofilin mitigates tauopathy and synaptic defects in Tau-P301S mice and movement deficits in tau transgenic C. elegans. The pathogenic effects of cofilin are selectively mediated by activated cofilin, as active but not inactive cofilin selectively interacts with tubulin, destabilizes microtubules, and promotes tauopathy. These results therefore indicate that activated cofilin plays an essential intermediary role in neurotoxic signaling th...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Shafqat Ahmad1,2,3*, Syeda Sadia Fatima4, Gull Rukh5 and Caren E. Smith6 1Department of Medical Sciences, Molecular Epidemiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden 2Preventive Medicine Division, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States 3Department of Nutrition, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States 4Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan 5Department of Neuroscience, Functional Pharmacology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden 6Nutrition and Genomics Laboratory, Jean Mayer U. S. Depa...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Oman Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research
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Source: Diabetes Metab - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Ann Nutr Metab Source Type: research
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