Beefy Arguments for Libertarianism

This report has layers of flaws and is the most egregious abuse of evidence that I have ever seen,"said Walter Willett of Harvard. "Their recommendations are really irresponsible,"said Frank Hu of Harvard. A contrarian would immediately assume, therefore, that the study in question must be marvelous. Is it?Well, it represents part of a new wave in nutrition, in which a group of scientists who have no financial ties to the food industry set themselves up, like the justices of the Supreme Court, to adjudicate as a panel  on a field of research. And, again like the justices of the Supreme Court, they are not frightened from disagreeing with each other and from voting differently from each other. That represents a useful advance in science, as scientists move away from papers that present a monolithic consensus to p apers that admit a more conflicted recognition of doubt.How did the scientists in this new study vote? Well, in essence, they agreed that the evidence just isn't very good. It's probable that both ordinary meat and processed meat might be bad for you, but they don't seem to be very bad, and the authors of the paper suggested that their badness does not justify the disruption of a person's lifestyle by their going vegetarian, let alone vegan. Also, the authors suggested, switching from meat to other foods (pizzas for example) might incur other risks.My own feeling is that this new study is less important than the media reports suggest. Everybody agr...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs

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Authors: Karimi G, Vard B, Riyahi R, Motlagh ME, Heshmat R, Kelishadi R Abstract This cross-sectional study was conducted among 14,400 Iranian students, aged 7-18 years to determine the association between the frequency of family dinner and mental health. Family dinner frequency, family relationship, life satisfaction (LS), self-perceived health and anxiety were assessed by validated questionnaires. Of 14,274 participants, 50.6% were boys and 71.4% were urban residents, with a mean (SD) age of 12.28 (3.16) years. Family dinner frequency was significantly correlated with LS (boys: β = 0.27, p 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: LWTAuthor(s): He Gao, Bo Yang, Catherine Stanton, R. Paul Ross, Hao Zhang, Zhenmin Liu, Haiqin Chen, Wei ChenAbstractThis is the first study to elucidate bifidobacterial conjugated fatty acid and hydroxy fatty acid production as well as its potential in fermented milk. One hundred and fifty-two bifidobacteria belonging to seven species were assayed in this study. The results showed that only Bifidobacterium breve (B. breve), Bifidobacterium longum (B. longum), Bifidobacterium pesudocatenulatum (B. pseudocatenulatum) and Bifidobacterium dentium (B. dentium) generate...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
In this study, the effects of four different hulling methods, included natural heaping (NH), manually hulled (MH), solid ethylene-releasing agent (SERA) and immersion in ethephon (IE), on odor, tastes, nutritional compounds (fat, protein, and fatty acids), antioxidant activities and total phenols content of green walnut were investigated. The result indicated that SERA treated group had the highest hulling rate (82.80%), followed by IE (54.84%) and NH (46.24%), however, both odor and taste of fresh walnut kernels were unpleasant in SERA and IE treatments groups. Additionally, the lowest antioxidant activity (AAC) (63.34), ...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
In this study, the thermal and rheological properties of wheat-flour paste for 16 wheat varieties were measured and the results fitted with two standard models. Starch molecular structures were measured by fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis and size-exclusion chromatography. The resulting chain-length distributions of amylopectin and amylose were fitted using biosynthesis-based models, thereby representing the data in terms of biologically-meaningful parameters. Protein content was also measured. This gave quantitative relations between starch molecular fine structure and rheological and thermal properties o...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2020Source: Food Hydrocolloids, Volume 102Author(s): Mingyuan Huang, Huhu Wang, Xinglian Xu, Xuqiu Lu, Xiangyu Song, Guanghong ZhouAbstractSpoilage of ready-to-eat carbonado chicken during storage usually causes safety concerns and economic losses. A novel edible nanoemulsion coating with natural antimicrobial and antioxidant was applied to improve carbonado chicken shelf life. The nanoemulsion based on gelatin and chitosan incorporated a mixture of rosemary extract and ε-poly-l-lysine (ε-PL) and was fabricated by high pressure homogenization. Emulsion droplet size and ζ-potential...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
In this study, a fluorescence biosensor based on the peroxidase mimicking activity of platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs) was fabricated for rapid detection of hypoxanthine (Hx), which is a sensitive indicator of the freshness of aquatic products. The fluorescence intensity of the sensing system had a linear relationship with the concentration of Hx in the range of 8–2500 μM, and the limit of detection was as low as 2.88 μM (S/N = 3). Moreover, benefiting from the excellent selectivity of the biosensor, Hx content in fish, shrimp and squid samples could be quickly detected with good recovery rat...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to investigate the nutritional functions of highland barley subjected to heat-moisture treatment (HMT) and dry heat treatment (DHT) in vitro and in vivo. In vitro test indicated HMT and DHT play part in the reduced glycemic potency of highland barley. Meanwhile, in vivo results showed that thermally-processed highland barley (THB) supplementation significantly decreased the body weight and serum glucose, improved oxidation resistance and altered the composition of gut microbiota. Bifidobacteria, Fusicatenibacter and Desulfovibrio were identified as types of bacteria that might related to the...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 25 April 2020Source: Food Chemistry, Volume 310Author(s): Liangyu Wu, Xujian Huang, Shengrui Liu, Jianghong Liu, Yuqiong Guo, Yun Sun, Jinke Lin, Yaling Guo, Shu WeiAbstractTo interpret the enzymatic modulation of the dynamic changes of small molecules in tea leaves during oolong tea manufacturing process, the metabolomic and proteomic studies were performed using processed leaf samples collected at the different manufacturing stages and non-processed fresh leaves as control. As a result, a total of 782 metabolites were identified, of which 46, as the biomarkers, were significantly changed over the manufa...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Small Ruminant ResearchAuthor(s): J. Reintke, K. Brügemann, H. Wagner, P. Engel, A. Wehrend, S. KönigAbstractThere is an increasing economic pressure in sheep production. Hence, it is imperative to use all available tools contributing to improvements in lamb survival. In this regard, there is a lack of studies addressing the impact of maternal body condition traits on lamb performances during lactation. Specifically, the focus of the present study was to analyse associations between ewe traits reflecting maternal energy metabolism and lamb body weight (LB...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Authors: Morita K, Wang D, Baba R, Morimoto H, Song Y, Kanazawa T, Yoshida Y Abstract Although it is known that desert dust exacerbates allergic diseases, how it affects the onset of autoimmune diseases is unclear. No epidemiological investigations or animal experiments have been conducted so far to elucidate the effects of desert dust on autoimmune diseases. Here, we focused on particulate matter, such Asian sand dust (ASD) that has been known to cause adverse health effects in East Asian countries, and conducted animal experiments to examine how ASD influences type 1 diabetes (T1D), an autoimmune disease. An ASD ...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
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