Market-Based Visas: Problems, Criticisms, and Solutions
Steven Kopits of Princeton Energy Advisors wrote a fewcriticisms of our proposal to sell Gold Cards through a market-based program that I ’ve called animmigration tariff. An immigration tariff is an attempt, based largely on Nobel Prize-winningeconomist Gary Becker ’s idea to sell visas, to create a market-based visa that accounts for many of the most trenchant criticisms of liberalized immigration   The idea is simply to create a new visa called a Gold Card without numerical quotas or caps.  The Gold Card would supply permanent legal residency and work permission, but cannot be used to naturaliz...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 13, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Alex Nowrasteh Source Type: blogs

U.K. ’s “Unexplained Wealth Orders” Give the State Too Much Power
I ’ve got a piece in the Washington Examiner this morning on a remarkable new law enforcement tool in Britain:It ’s like, “Your papers, please,” but for things you own.Authorities in Britain have begun trying out a new police power called unexplained wealth orders under a law that took effect last year. The police go to a court and say you ’re living way above any known legitimate income. The judge then signs an order compelling you to show that your possessions (whether a house, fancy car, or jewelry) have been obtained honestly and not with dirty money. In the meantime, the boat or...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 13, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Walter Olson Source Type: blogs

Federal Aid Fuels Corruption
In a recent study,I described 18 reasons why federal aid-to-state programs should be eliminated. Aid programs are federal subsidies for state and local activities such as K-12 schools, transit, roads, and housing.  One problem I did not explore in detail is how federal aid fuels political corruption. APolitico story the other day describes a classic case. Apparently, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has been successfully pressing the Department of Transportation (DOT) —headed by his wife—to give grants to favored projects in his home state of Kentucky.   Corruption is a harsh word, but cons...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 13, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

Macroeconomic Forecasting Seems Pretty Hopeless
The yield on 10-year Treasury securities is currently 2.1 percent. Now look at the chart below from theWall Street Journal showing expert predictions about what the current rate would be.TheJournal reports:“Not a single respondent in January’s Wall Street Journal survey of economists predicted the yield on the 10-year Treasury note would fall below 2.5% this year.”“In October, when yields on the 10-year Treasury were near their peak of around 3.2%, none of the more than 50 respondents in The Wall Street Journal’s monthly survey of economists predicted yields would dip below 2.75% by June 2019....
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 12, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

The Fairness Doctrine Was Terrible for Broadcasting and It Would Be Terrible for the Internet
Skepticism of big tech companies is surging on both sides of the political spectrum, from Democratic Senator Elizabeth Warren calling for breaking up Amazon to Republican Senator Josh Hawley advocating rules that would prohibit online viewpoint discrimination. This wave of techno-progressivism finds its latest expression in Slate journalist April Glaser ’sarticle, “Bring Back the Golden Age of Broadcast Regulation.”Glaser argues that the problems of internet discourse —eg hate speech, haphazard content moderation, and conspiracy peddling—are so trenchant that government intervention is warrant...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 12, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Paul Matzko Source Type: blogs

Enforcement in the USMCA: The Draft SAA and the Trump Administration's Elevation of Section 301
Enforcement of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) has proven to be an important stumbling block to its ratification in the United States. Democratic law makers have demanded that enforcement provisions be strengthened, particularly with regard to labor and environment provisions. Specifically, some have asked for the correction of a major flaw in the NAFTA state-to-state dispute settlement chapter, under which the appointment of dispute panels had been blocked (in part due to the absence of a roster of panelists to draw from). U.S. Trade Representative Lighthizer stated incongressional testimony that this issue had b...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 12, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Simon Lester, Inu Manak Source Type: blogs

Mexico Deported More Central Americans Than the U.S. in 2018
President Trump has decided to blame Mexico for the border crisis,rescinding and then reiterating his threat to impose tariffs on America ’s neighbor to the south if it doesn’t stop migrants from Central America’s Northern Triangle from coming. Yet Mexico’s enforcement of immigration laws against Central Americans has been more vigorous than the United States for some time.In 2018, Mexico deported more immigrants back to the Northern Triangle than the United States did, and it deported nearly all the immigrants who it apprehended in that year. The United States did not. It ’s just not true tha...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 12, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

Elizabeth Warren Should Give Up Her Stake In A Bad Idea
Senator Elizabeth Warren ’s“Plan For Economic Patriotism” is causing ideological convulsions on right and left. Yet one part of her controversial plan has so far largely gone uncommented upon: she wants taxpayers (read: government) to have stakes in companies utilizing government research and development.Far from seeing knowledge and government R&D as some form of public good that can be freely commercialized by profit-making businesses, she wants government to benefit from its investments by being an equity investor in firms – being given shares in companies who utilize public research, retaini...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 10, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Ryan Bourne Source Type: blogs

Is the Trump Administration Pushing for a Cold War with China?
In aWashington Post op-ed last week,  Josh Rogin argued this:Despite what you may have read, the United States ’ strategy toward China does not entail launching another Cold War, imposing a zero-sum game or even winning a “clash of civilizations.” In fact, the entire objective of the Trump administration’s Asia approach is to avoid outright conflict with China. But to do that, Beijing must be deterre d from continuing on its aggressive path.The idea that the White House ’s new approach to confront China’s economic aggression and military expansion represents a “Cold ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 10, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Simon Lester Source Type: blogs

EPA Co-benefits Are Fine, But the Agency Must Tell the Whole Story
Should you be worried about mercury emitted from power plants?Sure, but only if you are a pregnant woman, who during gestation consumes about 220 pounds of fish caught from exclusively the top ten percent most polluted fresh waters of the United States, despite all the signs along these rivers and lakes warning “DO NOT EAT THE FISH!”Don ’t take my word for it. I’m simply relaying EPA science. And not the ‘bad” kind produced by the Trump administration; rather, I’m talking about virtuous EPA science as practiced by the Obama administration.A little background: mercury emissions aren...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 10, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: William Yeatman Source Type: blogs

NASA Spending
President Trump is  tweeting about NASA today. He is worried about “all of the money we are spending” on the agency.It is $21 billion this year. The chart shows spending on NASA since 1970 in real or inflation-adjusted dollars.   (Source: Cato-at-liberty)
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 7, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

1.3 Percent of All Central Americans in the Northern Triangle Were Apprehended by Border Patrol This Fiscal Year – So Far
Border Patrolapprehensions of Central Americans from the Northern Triangle countries of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras rose again this month to 444,509, so far this fiscal year (FY).   According to United Nations population estimates, U.S. Border Patrol apprehended 1.32 percent of all residents of the Northern Triangle countries to date this fiscal year.  Northern Triangle citizens account for 75 percent of all Border Patrol apprehensions this FY.So far in FY 2019, 1.8 percent of the population of Honduras, 1.2 percent of the population of Guatemala, and 0.9 percent of the population of El Salvador have bee...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 7, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Alex Nowrasteh Source Type: blogs

Rawls vs. Nozick and Rand: The Musical Version
Following a London West End staged reading, acast soundtrack was released last month for  A Theory of Justice: The Musical. The show, composed in 2013 and performed at Oxford and the Edinburgh Fringe since then, takes as its protagonist Harvard political philosopher John Rawls, whoseinfluential work argues for a version of modern liberalism in which the state plays a significant redistributive role. In the plot, Rawls travels through time and encounters earlier political philosophers such as Rousseau, Locke, and Hobbes. As for dramatic tension, that is provided by Rawls’ conflict with conte mporary antagoni...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 7, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Walter Olson Source Type: blogs

Postal Service in Crisis
Mail volumes are falling and the U.S. Postal Service is losing billions of dollars a year while accumulating large liabilities.The USPS has partly offset declining mail revenues with growth in package revenues. But the company ’s finances look pretty bleak overall.The table below illustrates the USPS ’s predicament with data from 2009 and 2018 fromhere,here, andhere.The data in the table reflects that:Mail demand is falling and package demand is rising. The problem is that mail is more profitable and accounts for most of USPS revenues.USPS management has cut costs where it can, such as by reducing the worker co...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 7, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

What Is North Korea Like Behind the Headlines?
The Democratic People ’s Republic of Korea long has been known as the “Hermit Kingdom.” That label originally applied to the isolationist monarchy which eventually was swallowed by Japan and turned into a colony. For decades North Korea similarly looked inward. Visiting the DPRK, as I did in 1992, was a rare experi ence.The North is much more open today. When I returned two years ago I flew in sitting next to a Brit who was on his third tourist trip. He was planning a helicopter flight over the capital of Pyongyang, which would have been inconceivable only a few years ago.However, the country remains myst...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 7, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Doug Bandow Source Type: blogs

A Benevolent Central Bank
It has become clear that Fed Chairman Jerome Powell will do whatever it takes to keep the expansion going.   In early January, the stock markets rallied after Mr. Powell softened his rhetoric and promised“patience” in setting the federal funds target range.   Initially, the Fed was to be on “autopilot” and proceed with two rate hikes this year.  That promise was called off because of slowing global growth and the fear that higher rates would cause a sharp fall in asset prices. Now the chairman has excited markets by announcing at theChicago Fed conference that “we will act ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 5, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: James A. Dorn Source Type: blogs

Freedom Caucus and Spending Cuts
Federal spending will rise more than 7 percent this year and annual deficits will soon top $1 trillion. The government ’s rising debt could generate a major financial and economic crisis. Members of Congress know about these problems and may feel uncomfortable about loading $22 trillion of debt onto young people.But Congress is not taking any action to address overspending and debt. The Republican president rarely addresses the issue and most congressional Republicans follow his lead. As for Democrats, they seem consumed by their political battles with the president and do not focus on fiscal restraint.What about the...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 4, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

Ban the Box and Statistical Discrimination
With 25 percent of the world ’s prison population, the U.S. has the highest incarceration rate of any country in the world. Over 600,000 people are released from American prisons each year and, sadly, about two-thirds of them will be rearrested within three years. Creating opportunities for people released from prison to rein tegrate into society has rightly become a key focus of criminal justice reformers.In recent years, “Ban The Box” policies and legislation, which require companies to delay asking whether job applicants have a criminal record until later in the hiring process, have become a popular po...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 4, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Peter Van Doren Source Type: blogs

What Will the E-Verify Program Be Used to Surveil Next?
E-Verify is the federal government ’s attempt to create an electronic national identification system. It is capable of checking government databases to verify information—often including a photo—on every U.S. resident. Right now, the system monitors only employment and is only mandatory in some states, ostensibly to deter illegal immigration, but nothing would prevent lawmakers from expanding E-Verify to monitor identity or legal status in any other domain and restrict access based on o ther criteria they want.Numerous federal, state, and local laws already require people to identify themselves or pr...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 4, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

Fear of a Gold Planet
Proposed nominees Stephen Moore and Herman Cain having dropped out of contention, discussion continues over the Trump administration ’s possible next nomination to the Federal Reserve’s Board of Governors. The views of the latest candidate under consideration by the administration, Judy Shelton, have revived a question that commentators raised earlier about Moore and Cain: Should favoring some kind of gold standard disqualify a nominee from occupying one of seven seats on the Board? Here let me disclose that I worked with Judy Shelton on the Atlas Economic Research Foundation’s Sound Money Project. But th...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 4, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Lawrence H. White Source Type: blogs

Celebrate, Don't Mourn, the Decline of Public Transit
Anarticle in last week ’sNew York Times joinsothers in asking us to sympathize with the beleaguered transit industry, whose ridership has dropped every year since Uber and Lyft arrived on the scene. The article notes that Uber and Lyft subsidized the 5.6 billion rides they carried last year to the tune of $2.7 billion, or almost 50 cents a ride.“The risks of [transit] privatization are grave,” theTimes article warns. Uber and Lyft are taking “a privileged subset of passengers away from public transit systems” which “undermines support for public transportation.”What the article doe...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 4, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Randal O ' Toole Source Type: blogs

Natural Law, Gay Rights, and the State Department ’s New Commission on Unalienable Rights
More on the State Department ’s new Commission on Unalienable Rights, about whichI wrote in this space on Friday. Aimed at providing Secretary Pompeo “with fresh thinking about human rights discourse where such discourse has departed from our nation’s founding principles of natural law and natural rights,” the commission has raised several concerns. Chief among them is whether “natural law” is code, signaling that the department in futu re might “focus less on protecting women and LGBT people,” as put byPolitico, which broke the story on Thursday afternoon.  Giving weigh...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 3, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Roger Pilon Source Type: blogs

Free Speech and Identity Politics
I thinkArnold Kling is one of the most insightful bloggers around so I am pleased that he likes my latest Cato policy analysis. He remarks:My worry is that American culture no longer supports free speech …But hurting someone’s feelings should not count as direct harm. Racist remarks or Holocaust denial may be uncouth, but in a culture of free speech they should be permitted.I agree with Kling about extreme speech. I am not sure that the culture for free speech has changed all that much.We first learned in the 1950s that while Americans overwhelmingly supported the First Amendment in the abstract, majorities or...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 3, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: John Samples Source Type: blogs

America Is Nearly Alone on Iran Policy
The Trump administration continues to pursue an extremely confrontational policy toward Iran, and Washington finds itself increasingly alone in doing so.   Even most of the traditional European allies show little enthusiasm for the U.S. approach.  Indeed, many of them now are openly defying Washington’s wishes.  As I discuss in a recentNational Interest Onlinearticle, such resistance has been building for some time, but the administration ’s newest actions have intensified the opposition. NATO governments are especially uneasy about Washington ’s decision todeploy B-52 bombers, sendan ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 3, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Ted Galen Carpenter Source Type: blogs

Progress Toward Fuller Marijuana Legalization?
The fight for marijuana legalization received a boost yesterday as theHouse Appropriations Committee released adraft bill for fiscal year 2020 Financial Services and General Government funding that includes provisions to protect financial services providers who do business with the marijuana industry.The key provision of the legislation is Section 633 which states:“None of the funds made available in this Act may be used to penalize a financial institution solely because the institution provides financial services to an entity that is a manufacturer, a producer, or a person that participates in any business or organi...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 3, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey Miron Source Type: blogs

Shallow Fakes
We live in a Manichean political world where every person and institution is said to be either good or evil. Facebook used to be in the good column; since November 2016, they are listed among the evil ones, oddly by both left and right. The truth: Facebook is a tremendously successful and innovative business that nevertheless makes mistakes. But beyond making its users happy, Facebook also does good. By defending free speech, for example, at a difficult time.The case may be familiar to you. (The fact that the case is likely familiar to you is important as we shall see). Recently,  someone created a distorted video of ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 31, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: John Samples Source Type: blogs

Tariffs Won ’t Stop Illegal Immigration and Could Backfire
President Trump  announced that starting on June 10, the administration will impose a 5 percent tariff on all Mexican imports “until Mexico substantially stops the illegal inflow of aliens coming through its territory.” This tariff would escalate by 5 percent per month to an astonishing 25 percent “permanently” by O ctober 1. This idea is a terrible policy. Itwill punish U.S. consumers with higher prices, and it could easily result in more illegal immigration.Tariffs will undermine the Mexican economy and lead to more illegal immigration from Mexico.Mexico ’s exports—$195 billi...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 31, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

Natural Rights vs. Human Rights: The State Department ’s New Commission on Unalienable Rights
Yesterday afternoon we learned fromPolitico that the State Department had just “quietly published” in the Federal Registera notice that the department intends to establish a Commission on Unalienable Rights. Its aim, as the notice states, is toprovide the Secretary of State advice and recommendations concerning international human rights matters. The Commission will provide fresh thinking about human rights discourse where such discourse has departed from our nation ’s founding principles of natural law and natural rights.ThePolitico report goes on to cite human rights activists and former State Departmen...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 31, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Roger Pilon Source Type: blogs

Yet Another Excuse to Raise Tariffs
Back in March,I wrote: “The Trump administration seems to be looking for every possible excuse to raise tariffs.” Yesterday they found another one. As the Washington Postreports:President Trump on Thursday said he would impose a 5 percent tariff on all goods entering from Mexico unless it stopped the flow of illegal immigration to the United States, a dramatic escalation of his border threats that could have sweeping implications for both economies.The White House plans to begin levying the import penalties on June 10 and ratchet the penalties higher if the migrant flow isn ’t halted. Trump said he would ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 31, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Simon Lester Source Type: blogs

The Simon Abundance Index ® 2019
“Is it OK to still have children?” That’s a question that bothers the environmental consciousness of Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY). Comedian Bill Maher thinks that he has the answer. “The great under-discussed factor in the climate crisis is there are just too many of us and we use too much s*#t. Climate deniers like to say, ‘There’s no population problem, just look out the window of an airplane. So much open space down there.’ But it’s not about space, it’s about resources. Humans are already using 1.7 times the resources the planet can support,” ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 31, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Marian L. Tupy, Gale L. Pooley Source Type: blogs

Federal Subsidies Spur Massive Fraud
One of the problems with federal hand-out programs is that individuals take advantage of them and scam artists outright loot them. Yousee this in programs such as Medicaid, Medicare, school lunches, earned income tax credits, housing aid, student loans, and farm subsidies.Daily Beast writer Evan Wrighthas an appalling story of Christopher Bathum, who looted addiction-treatment funds made available by the Obamacare law. The law required addiction-treatment funding by Medicare, Medicaid, and private insurance companies.Addiction is, of course, a huge problem, but to me Wright ’s article indicates that the wrong solutio...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 30, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

E-Verify Errors Harmed 760,000 Legal Workers Since 2006
Last week, President Trumpannounced that his immigration plan would not mandate that employers use E-Verify, the employment verification system that checks new employees against government databases. While the president felt it was too “tough” on illegal workers, he is wrong.Nearly all illegal workers passed the system last year. In reality, E-Verify is tough on legal workers who have had nearly 760,000 jobs held up by the system since 2006.How many legal workers E-Verify has harmedEmployers who use E-Verify enter the names, dates of birth, and Social Security Numbers (or alien ID numbers) that employees provid...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 30, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

More Breakfast Science to Sink Your Teeth Into
A newly-published study on 5,000 British children reveals that those from higher socioeconomic groups or from white backgrounds perform more exercise than do children from lower socioeconomic groups or from certain ethnic backgrounds including Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Black Caribbean/African. The amount of exercise correlated inversely with levels of overweight and obesity (i.e., the more exercise a child took, the slimmer they were likely to be).Not mentioned by the authors of the study is that their data also correlate inversely with the consumption of breakfast (children from lower socioeconomic groups tend to...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 30, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Terence Kealey Source Type: blogs

Why Is Economic Populism Supported By Those Who Loathe Political Populism?
The Economist, perhaps more than any other magazine or newspaper, has outlined the dangers of populism in recent years.In the past month alone, headlines on its website have included: “Why cosying up to populists rarely ends well for moderates, ” “Populists fall short of expectations in the European election, ” and “Populism and polarization threaten Latin America. ” The populist style of politics, which seeks to pit “ordinary people” against “elites,” is rightly anathema to a magazine rooted historically in a classical liberal worldview.It ’s therefore surp...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 30, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Ryan Bourne Source Type: blogs

Trump ’s “Trade Aid” Takes Road to Serfdom Paved by Congress
In early 2018, President Trump imposed duties on steel and aluminum importsunder patently false pretenses. Despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary, Trump declared that the tariffs were required to ensure commodity supplies “necessary for critical industries and national defense.” In fact, military demand for steel and aluminum represents only a small fraction of U.S. production. Furthermore, our top source for these imports—by asignificantmargin—is Canada, a country whose industrial base is legally incorporated into U.S. defense planning.Predictably, our trade partners retaliated with tariffs ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 29, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: William Yeatman Source Type: blogs

Of Dogs and Men Screening at Cato
The U.S. Department of Justice estimates that American police shoot and kill an estimated 10,000 pet dogs per year. Perhaps many of these shootings are justified, but certainly many of them are not. Several years ago,Cato hosted a policy forum featuring Cheye Calvo, a mayor of a D.C. suburb in Maryland, whose dogs were killed by police during a drug raid on his home. (Calvo was innocent. Drug couriers were working for the delivery company and the package was mistakenly delivered to the Calvo residence.) There are many problems with what happened to Calvo and his family, but the unnecessary killings of his two beloved dogs ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 29, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Jonathan Blanks Source Type: blogs

Impeach John Bolton?
“We’re not looking for regime change [in Iran]. I want to make that clear,”President Trump said Monday at a news conference in Japan, “nobody wants to see terrible things happen, especially me.” That’s good to hear, but has Trump’s National Security Advisor gotten the message?It ’s theundeterrable John Bolton, after all, who ’s been at the epicenter of the rumors of war plaguing Washington in recent weeks. It’s Bolton whoordered up a Pentagon plan for “retaliatory and offensive options” to check Iran, including a 120,000 troop surge to the region, and ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 29, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Gene Healy Source Type: blogs

E-Verify Let 12 million Illegal Hires Happen Since 2006 —80% of Attempts
ConclusionE-Verify has stopped relatively few illegal hires. Even those few illegal workers that E-Verify has stopped probably found a job —either at a company not using E-Verify or at an E-Verify company after applying with a new identity. Overall, E-Verify may have made illegal employment slightly more difficult, but not nearly enough to, as the cliché goes, “turn off the jobs magnet” that draws immigrants to the United States .  Table 1: E-Verify Cases and Illegal Workers (In Thousands)!function(e,t,s,i){var n= " InfogramEmbeds " ,o=e.getElementsByTagName( " script "...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 29, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

More Proof That Breakfast is a Dangerous Meal
James Betts and his colleagues at the University of Bath in England have consistently produced reliable data on breakfast —which we need, because the cereal and bacon companies bombard us daily with their mantra that breakfast is the most important meal of the day, which we should eat like a king. In my recent bookBreakfast is a Dangerous Meal,I argued that the healthiest option was to skip breakfast and, instead, to go for a run (or a swim or a cycle ride) before work.In their recent paper, Betts and his colleagues found that a group of healthy young men, when challenged with such a regime, lost 400 calories a ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 28, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Terence Kealey Source Type: blogs

American Indians: Washington Post Misses the Real Story
TheWashington Post magazinehas a lengthy piece on American Indian policy, focusing on the challenges faced by people living on reservations. The cover story by thePost ’s David Montgomery highlights the lack of decent services on reservations and discusses federal responsibilities to the tribes that stem from 19th century treaties.Montgomery describes some of the hardships on the reservations and conveys that federal health, education, and infrastructure services are, frankly, poor. The Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Indian Health Servicehave long been some of the worst-run federal bureaucracies.The problem with th...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 28, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

Amash Note on Impeachment
On May 18, in the first of threelong Twitter threads, Rep. Justin Amash (R-MI) announced his conclusion that “President Trump has engaged in impeachable conduct.” That tweetstorm unleashed a… different kind of storm from his fellow Republicans. The self-styled House Freedom Caucusvoted unanimously to condemn Amash, anirate Michigan state rep. announced he ’d challenge the congressman in the GOP primary, and, of course, there was President Trump,fuming that Amash is “a total lightweight” and “a loser who sadly plays right into our opponents hands!”  About the only G...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 24, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Gene Healy Source Type: blogs

A Left-Right Alliance to Stop the Forever Wars – Led by Veterans
Earlier this week, over 50 veterans of America ’s seemingly endless warsfanned out across Capitol Hill to make the case for ending these wars. The organizers of the initiative, VoteVets and Concerned Veterans for America (CVA), have been on opposite sides on many issues. But, as theNew York Times reported earlier this year, they ’ve come together to call on members of Congress to take responsibility, and revisit the nearly 18-year-old Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF) passed immediately after 9/11.CVA ’s Dan Caldwell explains in a newvideo that the groups ’ members share “a co...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 24, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Christopher A. Preble Source Type: blogs

Memorial Day Thoughts
Benjamin Franklin said, “There never was a good war or a bad peace.” Given Franklin’s leadership in the struggle for American independence, we can infer that he did not think that there never was a war that was necessary, or a war that was worth its cost. But he reminds us that even necessary wars have terrible costs .I thought about Franklin when I read an eloquentcolumn on the meaning of Memorial Day by the novelist  Mark Helprin, who is also a senior fellow at the Claremont Institute. He lamented:Though if by and large we ignore the debt we owe to those who fell at Saratoga, Antietam, th...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 24, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: David Boaz Source Type: blogs

Four Missing Components from Kushner ’s Merit-Based Immigration Reform
President Trump recently released anotherplan to reform the immigration system.   The latest plan was drafted with the help of his son-in-law and presidential advisor Jared Kushner.  Overall, this last plan is the best of those proposed so far as it reduces legal immigration the least, as my colleague David Bier ablyexplains.   Kushner’s impact on President Trump’s thinking on immigration, as on the area of criminal justice reform, has been extremely positive and I hope that his advising role continues to expand.  The fundamental idea of merit-based immigration reform is sound: There should ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 23, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Alex Nowrasteh Source Type: blogs

New Report Exposes Jones Act's Flaws
The objective of “providing shipping service on all r outes essential for maintaining the flow [of commerce] at all times” and having the “safest” types of vessels are similarly unmet, with the CRS stating that “the Jones Act fleet does not appear to achieve either of these goals.” The report adds that “One can also question whether the po licy objective of having ‘the best equipped and most suitable types of vessels’ has been achieved.”The failure of protectionist policy is one of the world ’s more predictable phenomena, and prior to its passage some a...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 23, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Colin Grabow Source Type: blogs

What Factors Should an Immigration Points System Include?
Last week, President Trump backed a plan that  would create a new legal immigration category based on “points.” The idea is borrowed from immigration systems in several countries, including Canada, which award points to applicants based on various personal characteristics (language skills, educational attainment, family ties, etc.). The Canadian government, for example, establishes the cap on visas for the year, and applicants with the highest point total receive one of the cap slots for that year.Advantages of a points systemCongress should not cap skilled legal immigration, which provides ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 23, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

Most Canadian Immigrants Are Not Economic Immigrants, they are Family-Based Immigrants
President Trump recently released anotherplan to reform the immigration system.   It was crafted with the help of his son-in-law and presidential advisor Jared Kushner.  My colleague David Bier ablyexplains the details of the Kushner plan, but I want to focus on a common misconception that lays at the justification for merit-based immigration reform: In reality, there is not a single country in the OECD or European Union (EU) where economic immigrants are a majority of new permanent residents, even in merit-based systems like Canada ’s. Theone-pager for the Kushner plan says that 63 percent of Canadian...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 23, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Alex Nowrasteh Source Type: blogs

Wherefore the Freedom Caucus?
In acolumn for Reason Magazine yesterday, Matt Welch asks “What’s the point of a ‘limited government’ bloc that doesn’t limit government?” Indeed, in the Trump era some of the President’s most strident defenders can be found amongst the ranks of the Freedom Caucus, and, as my colleague Chris Edwardspoints out, they seem every bit as comfortable with big deficits as the other fiscal-conservatives-cum-spendthrifts in the GOP.But, to my knowledge, nobody has yet performed a systematic analysis of the Freedom Caucus ’ voting behavior vis-a-vis other Republicans in the House. Do t...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 22, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Derek Bonett Source Type: blogs

Philadelphia Soda Tax
A recentNew York Timesarticle reports that today ’s Democratic primary in Philadelphia partially represents a referendum on the city’s soda tax, even though it is not on the ballot. Incumbent Mayor Jim Kenney, the engineer of the 1.5 cents per ounce tax on sugary and artificially sweetened beverages which took effect in 2017, is facing two Dem ocratic challengers who both support repealing the controversial tax.Since its inception, the tax has faced vigorous opposition from a coalition of the beverage industry, grocery store owners, and Teamsters, as well as citizens and politicians who worried that it would un...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 21, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Peter Van Doren Source Type: blogs

Chinese Ships on the Mississippi River: Just Another Jones Act Tall Tale
Did you know that the Jones Act prevents Chinese ships from sailing on the Mississippi River? That, at least, is what Rep. Brian Babin (R-TX) claimed in a  recent speech on the House floor. For dramatic effect the congressmanused a picture of a ship flying an oversized Chinese flag with St. Louis ’s Gateway Arch prominently displayed in the background:“This is a hypothetical picture, thank goodness,” said the Texas congressman. “A Chinese-built vessel, subsidized by their communist regime, operated by the Chinese and delivering Chinese goods all in the very heartland of the United States of Ame...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 21, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Colin Grabow Source Type: blogs