You Ought to Be Able to Challenge Your Placement on the No ‐​Fly List
Ilya Shapiro andSam SpiegelmanPlacement on the FBI ’s Terrorist Screening Database (the “Watchlist”) is never a good thing. For 23 Muslim ‐​American litigants, among thousands of others listed, it means reduced employment opportunities, potential arrest and detention, and, most notoriously, severe limitations on their freedom to travel by air. The government insists it doesn’t need court approval before placing someone on the Wa tchlist, and that those listed cannot even sue for their removal. A federal district court in Virginia disagreed, holding that the plaintiffs didn ’t rec...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 1, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Ilya Shapiro, Sam Spiegelman Source Type: blogs

A Quarter Century of Cato Research on Police Accountability
Walter OlsonYou ’ve probably seen some of Cato’s recent work on police misconduct and accountability, notably writings on the Supreme Court’s qualified immunity doctrine byClark Neily andJay Schweikert (more) andAaron Yelowitz ’s post on the high cost of police ‐​community mistrust. If you’re new here, though, you may not realize that Cato has for decades made itself a center for principled, empirically orientedresearch on police misconduct and how best to bring accountability to the public use of force.A sampling of work Cato has sponsored, published, or supported:* Radley Balko &rsq...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 1, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Walter Olson Source Type: blogs

As Qualified Immunity Takes Center Stage, More Delay from SCOTUS
Jay SchweikertI fear I may have become trapped in a time loop, in which every week I am doomed to write the same blog post about how the Supreme Court has delayed consideration of its qualified immunity docket. Back inApril, I noted that the Court had scheduled thirteen different qualified immunity cases for its May 15th conference, including three cases explicitly calling for the Court to reconsider the doctrine entirely. Many of these petitions had already been fully briefed and ready for consideration since last October. But the Court then rescheduled the bulk of those casesagain, andagain, andagain....
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 1, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Jay Schweikert Source Type: blogs

Let Investors Decide, Part 1
Jennifer J. SchulpThe SEC's " accredited investor " definition bars investors who earn less than $200,000 a year or have a net worth less than $1 million from taking part in private securities offerings. It's a definition even its mother no longer loves: SEC CommissionerElad Roisman says it " stands between millions of Americans and opportunities for them to invest their wealth in private offerings, " while SEC CommissionerHester Peirce calls it " one of the more offensive concepts lurking in our federal securities laws. " Although the definition was intended to offer " investor protectio...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 1, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Jennifer J. Schulp Source Type: blogs

Longer ‐​Run Impacts from Outrageous Policing Incidents
Aaron YelowitzThe past few weeks have seen broad ‐​based community outrage from extremely disturbing incidents involving current or former police officers in the killing of 44‐​year‐​oldGeorge Floyd in Minneapolis, 26 ‐​year‐​oldBreonna Taylor in Louisville, and 25 ‐​year‐​oldAhmaud Arbery near Brunswick, Georgia. In all cases, the victims were African ‐​American and the events have spotlighted the role of racism in policing.In the immediate aftermath —which exploded during the week of May 25th—there were both peaceful and violent protests, destruction of private and public prope...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 1, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Aaron Yelowitz Source Type: blogs

In the wake of George Floyd ’s death, all eyes turn to SCOTUS
Jay SchweikertThis past Monday, George Floyd was killed by a police officer, Derek Chauvin, who pressed his knee against Mr. Floyd ’s neck for over eight minutes, while Mr. Floyd and onlookers alike begged for the officer to stop and let Mr. Floyd breathe. George Floyd’s death was no aberrant act of random violence. Rather, as my colleagueClark Neily wrote earlier this week, Mr. Floyd was “the latest victim of our near‐​zero‐​accountability policy for law enforcement.” As such, I expect his death has been weighed with a special kind of gravity on One First Street, where t...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 30, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Jay Schweikert Source Type: blogs

Anxiety, Despair, and the Coronavirus Pandemic
Jeffrey A. SingerPublic health interventions entail non ‐​economic as well as economic trade‐​offs. Some trade ‐​offs can involve other aspects of public health.I havewrittenabout how blanket bans on elective medical procedures combine with the fear already infused in the public to cause crucial delays in necessary health care. This adds to human suffering from causes other than the COVID-19 virus. Many people with chronic conditions, particularlychronic pain patients, are disproportionately affected by reduced access to routine care. Then there ’s the dramatic drop ‐...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 30, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey A. Singer Source Type: blogs

We Should “Confront” China by Liberalizing Chinese Immigration
Alex NowrastehThe Chinese government ’s crackdown on dissidents in Hong Kong is just another indication of that government ’s rising totalitarianism. Vox’s Matt Yglesiaswrote that the United States should let in any Hongkonger who wishes to leave – a proposal I agree with. However, the U.S. government is moving in the opposite direction. Not only has it virtually ended all immigration, including for those seeking refuge and asylum, but it will soon go further to limit the migration of Chinese students.Senators Tom Cotton (R-AR) and Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) recently introduced theSecure...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 29, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Alex Nowrasteh Source Type: blogs

Private School COVID-19 Permanent Closure Tracker — May 29, 2020
Neal McCluskey44 private schools have announced that they are closing permanently, at least in part due to the COVID-19 economic downturn, up from 33  inlast week ’s update. Enrollment in the closing schools, which in a  few cases is estimated, is6,204, up from 5,690 last week.Were all of these students to go to public schools, and had none been part of publicly connected school choice such as voucher programs or scholarship tax ‐​credits, the new cost to the public purse would be roughly$96,000,000 ($15,424 per student multiplied by 6,204).As always, the list is expected to grow as schools learn more a...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 29, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Neal McCluskey Source Type: blogs

Regarding a “Strategic Approach” to China
Christopher A. PrebleOn any given day, my inbox is filled with opinion pieces on U.S.-China relations. A number warn “the U.S. doesn ’t need a cold war” or that “a cold war with China would be a mistake. ” Others seem to have concluded thatwe ’re already in one, so we ’d better get serious about fighting it.After reading the Trump administration ’s “United States Strategic Approach to the People ’s Republic of China” – a 16 ‐​page document issued before the currentcrackdown on Hong Kong, and apparently drafted even before the CO...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 28, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Christopher A. Preble Source Type: blogs

Trump ’s Social Media Order Rewrites Internet Law by Decree
Will DuffieldPresident Trump has escalated his war of words with America ’s leading technology firms. Afterthreatening to “close down” social media platforms, he announced that he would issue an executive order concerning Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, a bedrock intermediary liability protection for internet platforms. However, a draft of the forthcoming executive order seems to slyly misunderstand Section 230, reading contingency into its protections. Let ’s take a look at thestatute and the relevant sections of the proposedexecutive order to see how its interpretatio...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 28, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Will Duffield Source Type: blogs

California ’s Anti‐​Freelancer Law Violates the First Amendment
Trevor BurrusOn January 1, 2020, California Assembly Bill 5 (AB 5) went into effect, drastically curtailing Californians ’ freedom to work on their own terms as freelancers. The law, which waswritten by the AFL-CIO, presents many freelancers in the state with only two options: find a permanent employer willing to hire you or find a new line of work. Ostensibly designed to help Uber and Lyft drivers, the law has drastically affected millions of workers in the state. Recently,a ballot initiativecreating an exception for Uber and Lyft qualified for the November election.The law doesn ’t apply to eve...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 26, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Trevor Burrus Source Type: blogs

My Coronavirus Tale
Jeffrey A. SingerThe hospital at which I work offered antibody serology tests to all medical staff last Wednesday. The test detects IgG, the immunoglobulin that appears in the blood serum of people infected with COVID-19sometime beyond 14 days from the time of infection. The hospital uses the Abbott LabsArchitectserology test,whichshows 99.6 percent specificity and 100 percent sensitivity, meaning false negatives and false positives are highly unlikely. A positive IgG test means the person tested was previously infected with COVID-19.In many medical centers, clinical researchers are transfusing seriously ill...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 25, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey A. Singer Source Type: blogs

Private School COVID-19 Permanent Closure Tracker — May 22, 2020
Neal McCluskey33 private schools have announced that they are closing permanently at least in part due to the COVID-19 economic downturn. That is up from 26 on our specialMonday, May 18 update.We have adjusted how we collect enrollment data, using a  combination of media reports,Private School Review, and direct contact with schools. 5,690 students attend the schools that are closing, up from 5,217 on Monday. Were all of these students to go to public schools, and had none been part of publicly connected school choice such as voucher programs or scholarship tax ‐​credits, the new cost to the public purse would be ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 22, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Neal McCluskey Source Type: blogs

FinCEN ’s Suspicious Statistics
Diego ZuluagaIt ’s difficult to outdo the crypto community when it comes to makingbold quantitative claims that, stripped out of context, mislead the incautious. But Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) Director Kenneth Blanco recently came close.Inremarks last week to the annual (and, alas, virtual) Consensus conference for crypto professionals and enthusiasts, Blanco declared that, “since 2013, FinCEN has received nearly 70,000 Suspicious Activity Reports (SARs) involving virtual currency exploitation.” That impressive figure was bound to get attention—andit did. The speech is also likely...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 22, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Diego Zuluaga Source Type: blogs

Two Things Nearly Everyone Gets Wrong About the Michael Flynn Case
Clark NeilyI've been reading,writing, and tweeting about the Michael Flynn prosecution quite a bit lately, and I've  been getting significant feedback from people who strongly dislike Flynn and think he's about to get away with committing a serious crime due to sinister political machinations behind the scenes. As explained in this post, I take no strong position on Flynn's character or whether he did or did not commit any crimes —most Americans have, so he'd be in good company.   But I think many in the " lock him up " crowd are making two  fundamental errors that are in urgen...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 22, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Clark Neily Source Type: blogs

The Facts About Optional Practical Training (OPT) for Foreign Students
David J. BierThe Trump administrationreportedly is considering a  plan this week to restrict or ban foreign students from working after graduation from U.S. universities. Under Optional Practical Training (OPT), foreign students can study for at least one year after receiving their degrees. Foreign students in Science, Technology, Engineering, or Math fields can extend OPT for another two years.The plan is supposedly to benefit unemployed Americans —almost none of whom work in the relevant fields—after states reopen for business. The program is the main on‐​ramp for American companies to recruit and re...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 20, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: David J. Bier Source Type: blogs

The COVID-19 Pandemic Makes California ’s Housing Crisis Even More Urgent
Michael D. Tanner andDavid HerveyFor Californians who have long opposed building more housing in their communities, COVID-19 has provided a new and seemingly convincing argument: density is dangerous. Some have evensuggested that the pandemic vindicates proponents of “single‐​family sprawl” or justifies a moratorium on new housing legislation, which are views these observers would likely hold regardless of the current crisis.At first glance, the argument against density seems correct, but evidence suggests there are other factors at play.A virus that transmits person to person ismuch mor...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 20, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Michael D. Tanner, David Hervey Source Type: blogs

Reflections on: “Dealing with Cyberattacks”
James KnuppEditor ’s note: In 2014, Cato releasedA Dangerous World? Threat Perception and U.S. National Security an edited volume of papers originally presented ata Cato conference the previous year. In each chapter, experts assessed and put in context the supposed dangers to American security, from nuclear proliferation and a rising China to terrorism and climate change.As part of ourProject on Threat Inflation, Cato is republishing each chapter in an easily readable online format. Even six years after its publication, much of the book remains relevant. Policymakers and influencers continue to to...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 20, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: James Knupp Source Type: blogs

What COVID-19 Tells Us About AI Inventors
Rachel ChiuScholars have associated artificial intelligence ( “AI”) with many words over the years: overhyped, underdeveloped, and even science fiction. But COVID-19 demonstrates that despite the skepticism and hysteria there is a place for AI in society, even if that space is still legally undefined. Since AI inventorship is not suitably addressed in U.S . patent law, the advancement of AI presents practical and conceptual challenges for the aging patent system.AI refers to the simulation of human intelligence performed on machines that can imitate cognition and evaluate autonomously. Expertise in pattern...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 19, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Rachel Chiu Source Type: blogs

Qualified Immunity Is Back For This Week ’s SCOTUS Conference
Jay SchweikertFor the last few weeks, I ’ve been detailing the ongoing developments in the Supreme Court’s qualified immunity docket. About three weeks ago,I described how the Court had scheduled thirteen different qualified immunity petitions for its May 15th conference, including several petitions calling for qualified immunity to be reconsidered entirely. But then last week,I noted that the Court had unexpectedly “rescheduled” ten out of those thirteen cases, leaving only three for consideration on May 15th. Well, today the Court issued orders from last week’s conference, and ther...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 18, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Jay Schweikert Source Type: blogs

Private School COVID-19 Permanent Closure Tracker, Enrollment Data Added: May 18, 2020
Neal McCluskeyLast week ’sPrivate School COVID-19 Permanent Closure Tracker prompted several people to send reports of closing schools that we had not previously captured, and one additional closure was announced after we published. We have also added enrollment numbers to our list so that we can track the number of students who are being displaced. Given the influx of schools and new enrollment column, we are publishing a  special Monday update.The list now has 26 schools with a  total enrollment of 5,217. Were all of these students to go to public schools, and had none been part of publicly connected scho...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 18, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Neal McCluskey Source Type: blogs

Unemployment Insurance Excess During COVID-19
Jeffrey Miron andErin PartinAs Congress negotiates an additionalcoronavirus stimulus bill, a  newworking paper from University of Chicago economists examines one element of the initial stimulus package – the extra $600 weekly benefit for unemployed workers through unemployment insurance (UI). The authors find that:“The median replacement rate [of unemployment insurance under the provision of the CARES Act] is 134%. Two‐​thirds of UI eligible workers can receive benefits which exceed lost earnings and one‐​fifth can receive benefits at least double lost earnings. There is sizable variation in the ef...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 18, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey Miron, Erin Partin Source Type: blogs

100% of H-1B Employers Offer Average Market Wages —78% Offer More
David J. BierThe Economic Policy Institute (EPI) releaseda  report last week that purports to show that “H-1B employers undercut local wages.” Employers usethe H-1B program to hire temporary foreign workers in specialty occupations. EPI writes, “By setting two of the four wage levels below the median—and thereby not requiring that firms pay market wages to H-1B workers—the DOL [Department of Labor] has in effect made wage arbitrage a feature of the H-1B program.” This post explains why this is mistaken.The median wage for an entire occupation is not the “market” wag...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 18, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: David J. Bier Source Type: blogs

California ’s Budget and Rainy Day Fund
Chris EdwardsCongress is considering passing additional financial aid for state and local governments. I  argued against further aid inthisFox News op ‐​ed. One reason is that many states have built substantialrainy day funds, which will help them balance their budgets even as tax revenues decline. Federal bailouts would undermine incentives to build such useful funds going forward.California has built a  substantial rainy day or reserve fund over the past five years, as shown in the chart below from thisstate report. State residents passed a  referendum in 2014 to create the fund structure, and so kudos...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 15, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

Report Discloses Unlawful “Backdoor Searches” of FISA Database
Julian SanchezThe Intelligence Community ’s annualStatistical Transparency Report was released earlier this month, and there ’s a significant piece of news buried in a footnote: On at least six occasions in 2018 and once in 2019, the government unlawfully reviewed wiretapped communications from a foreign intelligence database while pursuing ordinary criminal investigations unrelated to national security —something the previous year’s report claimed had never happened. The disclosure validates civil libertarian concerns about so‐​called “backdoor searches”: The use of b...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 15, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Julian Sanchez Source Type: blogs

Stores That Reopen Face ADA Compliance Puzzles
Walter OlsonAround much of the country retail stores and small businesses are struggling with how to reopen, or carry on operations online, consistent with public health recommendations on social distancing and protection of customers and workers. And as they do they find their task complicated in many ways by the requirements of the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) and related state laws. So I conclude from anadvice column by Minh Vu and John Egan of the law firm Seyfarth Shaw. Some questions:*Can you make customers wait outside, and if so how? Under one format commonly approved for reopening, stores m...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 14, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Walter Olson Source Type: blogs

Don ’t Ban H-1B Workers: They are Worth Their Weight in Innovation
Alex NowrastehThe Trump Administration is reportedly working on anexecutive order to ban the issuance of new H-1B visas. His order is expected to be issued before the end of this month. His order would be quite a negative blow to the U.S. economy and hit American economic innovation the hardest. The H-1B visa system has problems: It ’s unreasonably costly to change firms, workers are restrained from starting their own firms, and the wait times to adjust their status to a green card are absurdly long. Complete H-1B worker portability between firms, allowing workers to sponsor themselves if they start a ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 14, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Alex Nowrasteh Source Type: blogs

Reflections on “The American Perception of Substate Threats”
Christopher A. PrebleEditor ’s note: In 2014, Cato releasedA Dangerous World? Threat Perception and U.S. National Security, an edited volume of papers originally presented ata Cato conference the previous year. In each chapter, experts on international security assessed, and put in context, the supposed dangers to American security, from nuclear proliferation and a rising China, to terrorism and climate change.As part of ourProject on Threat Inflation, Cato is republishing each chapter in an easily readable online format. Even six years after its publication, much of the book remains relevant. Policyma...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 13, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Christopher A. Preble Source Type: blogs

12 New Immigration Ideas for the 21st Century
Alex Nowrasteh andDavid J. BierToday, Cato released a new white paper entitled “12 New Immigration Ideas for the 21st Century. ” Edited by myself and my colleague David J. Bier, the essays in this white paper are written by academics, policy analysts, advocates, and smart people from outside of the Beltway who each propose a new and innovative way to reform the U.S. immigration system. Most of the essay contributors participated in a workshop where their ideas were analyzed by other experts, immigration attorneys, and people who have worked on immigration reform on Capitol Hill. Our intent from t...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 13, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Alex Nowrasteh, David J. Bier Source Type: blogs

CDC Failures: Mission Sprawl Is One Problem
Chris EdwardsThe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)says that it “has a  unique mission—to save lives by deploying effective, proven strategies to prevent, detect, and rapidly respond to disease outbreaks at their source.”But the CDCwas slow to recognize the size of the COVID-19 threat and it fumbled the ball in numerous ways.CDC DirectorRobert Redfieldtweeted January 14 that “there is no confirmed person‐​to‐​person spread” of the illness, and on January 28 heemailed CDC colleagues that “the virus is not spreading in the U.S. at this time. ”A ProPublicaan...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 13, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

Catch ‐​11
George SelginThe government's plan for saving small and medium-sized businesses from liquidation puts them in a bind that brings to mind the one Yossarian had to contend with. The problem, in a nutshell, is this: Chapter 11 bankruptcy may be many firms'best hope for surviving the present crisis. But to take advantage of it, they need credit —the cheaper the better. Firms can get cheap credit through either the Small Business Administration's (SBA's) Paycheck Protection Plan or the Fed's Main Street Lending Programs. But there's a catch: to qualify for these loans, they mustn't file for Chapter 11.That's Catch-11, and...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 13, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: George Selgin Source Type: blogs

SAFE ‐​ty in the time of COVID-19
Jeffrey Miron andErin PartinThe House of Representatives revealed a new 1,800 page longcoronavirus relief bill today. Included is a provision approving the Secure And Fair Enforcement Banking Act (SAFE Act) of 2019, which allows cannabis manufacturers and sellers in states that have legalized or medicalized marijuana, to access the banking system, develop lines of credit, and be eligible for other protections. From the bill:“The purpose of this section is to increase public safety by ensuring access to financial services to cannabis‐​related legitimate businesses and service providers and reducing the a...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 12, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey Miron, Erin Partin Source Type: blogs

Tradeable Permits for Government Parks
Jeffrey Miron andErin PartinAs the weather warms and patience with stay ‐​at‐​home orders wears thin, public parks and beaches are becoming the next front in the public health fight against COVID-19. One promising approach is issuing a limited number oftradeable permits, where:“cities would issue free permits to all residents to be used for access to the most popular parks, beaches and other coveted public areas. A person could choose to sell unwanted permits, or trade them for a different kind of permit (to a different park, or for a different day, and so forth.) ”While critics...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 12, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey Miron, Erin Partin Source Type: blogs

The WTO Needs to Drag Itself into the 21st Century
Inu ManakThe World Trade Organization (WTO) has recently been under fire. The Trump administration has called for its reform, but to date, its confrontational approach has aggravated allies and gotten in the way of any progress.Now, amid the COVID-19 pandemic, work at the WTO has ground to a halt, which puts the institution at risk of irrelevance. The only multilateral talks the WTO is conducting, that is, negotiations that include the entire 164 country membership, are on eliminating harmfulfisheries subsidies. These talks are now in jeopardy. A key obstacle is an inability to find a way to conduct negotiat...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 11, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Inu Manak Source Type: blogs

Who Lends to Small Businesses?
Diego ZuluagaThis question has gained new urgency as the federal government scrambles to bring emergency funding to millions of small businesses across the country under thePaycheck Protection Program (PPP). The PPP consists of forgivable loans that borrowers may use to cover employee payroll, rent, and utilities for eight weeks. The Small Business Administration (SBA)manages the PPP, but funds are allocated by authorized private lenders.Although the program ostensibly seeks to assist the smallest concerns in America, which cannot gain access to funding through other Fed and Treasury facilities, it came under strong critic...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 11, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Diego Zuluaga Source Type: blogs

Will This Novel Virus Revive Older Ones?
Jeffrey A. SingerAs I recently wrotehere, and spoke abouthere, bans on elective surgery invoked by governors across the country in response to the COVID-19 pandemic have caused many people to suffer and even possibly face fatal consequences due to delays in necessary medical care. But there are other reasons why the public health emergency has the potential to generate secondary public health crises.In some cases people are avoiding doctors ’ offices and emergency rooms because they worry about handling theexpense at a time they have seen their income, and perhaps their savings, vanish during the current ec...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 9, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey A. Singer Source Type: blogs

It Would Be Great to “Make China Pay” for COVID-19, But the Price Could Be High
Doug BandowMany of us hoped that economic liberalization in China would encourage political reform. The country did change dramatically: Maoism was tossed into history ’s trash bin, while personal autonomy and economic opportunity greatly expanded.Unfortunately, with Tiananmen Square the Chinese Communist Party decisively chose repression. Nevertheless, even though the regime remained authoritarian, academics, independent journalists, and others could debate ideas as long as they avoided directly challenging the CCP. The regime ’s control remained somewhat loose, giving hope of long‐​term improvement.Everyt...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 8, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Doug Bandow Source Type: blogs

Private School COVID-19 Permanent Closure Tracker
Neal McCluskeyAll schools will likely suffer in the COVID-19 recession. But asrecently discussed, private schools as a  whole are likely to suffer worse consequences than public: not just cutbacks,death.Cato ’s Center for Educational Freedom has begun tracking private schools that are going out of business—not just temporarily closing their buildings —at least in part due to COVID-19. “At least in part” because many private schools perennially get by onshoestring budgets as they try to compete with “free” public schools. That means they are often in precarious financial situat...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 8, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Neal McCluskey Source Type: blogs

Two Supertypes of Coronavirus: “East Asian” and “European”
Andrei Illarionov andNatalya PivovarovaThe Los Alamos National Laboratory has posteda new study, as reported this weekby theWashington Post andtheLos Angeles Times, that finds that the strain of the novel coronavirus that emerged in Europe and has spread to much of the world is different than the strain of the virus at its origin in China. Those findingsare consistent with our research which we posted (in Russian) on April 15, 2020. Although we are not epidemiologists, we are posting our slightly updated analysis below in English in the interest of sharing what may be significant findings with a wider audience. We welcome ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 8, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Andrei Illarionov, Natalya Pivovarova Source Type: blogs

“Neither Party Is Right, But the Ninth Circuit Is Wrong”
Ilya Shapiro andMichael CollinsThe Supreme Court yesterday released a unanimous opinion inUnited States v. Sineneng ‐​Smith. If you go by the briefs and arguments, the case concerned a First Amendment challenge to a criminal ban on the solicitation or encouragement of illegal immigration. Catofiled a brief arguing that the statute was unconstitutional. The Court, however, did not reference our argument, or that of either party for that matter. Instead, the Court vacated the lower court ’s ruling, which found the statute unconstitutional, based on the “party presentati...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 8, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Ilya Shapiro, Michael Collins Source Type: blogs

Senator Hawley ’s Case for Nationalism Is Strong on the Propaganda but Weak on the Facts
Daniel J. IkensonOver atForbes, I follow up on Simon Lester ’s insightfulanalysis of what Senator Hawley gets wrong about the World Trade Organization. Here are the first couple of paragraph:On the opinion page of theNew York Times yesterday, Senator Josh Hawley (R-MO)proposed the abolition of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Fair enough. For those concerned about the United States, its future, and the nature of its relationship with the wider world, Hawley ’s idea is worth considering. After all, nowhere is it set in stone that the post‐​war economic institutions established under U.S. tutelage wou...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 6, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Daniel J. Ikenson Source Type: blogs

Reflections on “Security Threats in Contemporary World Politics”
Christopher A. PrebleEditor ’s note:In 2014, Cato releasedA Dangerous World? Threat Perception and U.S. National Security an edited volume of papers originally presented ata Cato conference the previous year. In each chapter, experts on international security assessed, and put in context, the supposed dangers to American security, from nuclear proliferation and a rising China, to terrorism and climate change.As part of ourProject on Threat Inflation, Cato will be republishing each chapter in an easily readable online format. Even six years after its publication, much of the book remains relevant. Polic...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 6, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Christopher A. Preble Source Type: blogs

When It Comes to Money, Most Private Schools Are Not Sidwell Friends
Neal McCluskeySeveral private schools are taking a  public relations beating for applying for CARES Act relief, including Sidwell Friends, the alma mater ofseveral presidential children. But most private schools arenot Sidwell Friends, and they should not be shamed for help they need to survive not just in the COVID economy, but as they compete against taxpayer ‐​funded public schools.According to theWashington Post’s coverage of the Sidwell dust ‐​up, the school charges $45,000 in tuition. To place that in the spectrum of private school tuition nationally I’ll adjust to 2011 dollars, because ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 6, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Neal McCluskey Source Type: blogs

Challenging California ’s System of Racial Representation
Ilya Shapiro andMichael CollinsDilution is a scientific term for dissolving a substance and weakening it by spreading it out, like dropping salt into water. Voter dilution spreads a geographically close minority group out through a political unit to lessen the strength of the votes of its members.But people who share a minority characteristic are not assumed to be a monolith, so the Supreme Court has set specific guidelines to determine whether an at ‐​large voting system, for example, actually dilutes the voice of racial minorities.Thornburg v. Gingles (1986) held that, for dilution chall...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 5, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Ilya Shapiro, Michael Collins Source Type: blogs

Senator Hawley ’s Many Misunderstandings of the WTO
Simon LesterSenator Josh Hawley has a NY Times op ‐​ed today entitled “The W.T.O. Should Be Abolished. ” Debates about the scope and nature of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the trading system in general are important, but this op ‐​ed gets so many facts wrong that it cannot serve as the basis for a useful discussion. In this blog post, I ’ll go through a few of them. If the early response on Twitter is any indication, plenty of other pro ‐​trade folks will be doing a similar exercise, so keep an eye out for other commentary on this.Hawley starts off with this:...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 5, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Simon Lester Source Type: blogs

Why Cato Took on Qualified Immunity
Clark NeilyOn May 15th, the Supreme Court will make a momentous decision: Whether to take the first step towards ending our failed experiment with near ‐​zero accountability for law enforcement. The cornerstone of that policy is a judge ‐​made legal doctrine called qualified immunity, and the time has come to abandon it.As ably explained by my colleague Jay Schweikert in multipleop ‐​eds andblog posts, there are many reasons why SCOTUS should grant certiorari in one or more of the dozen qualified ‐​immunity cases going to conference ten days from now. In this post, I want to explain why ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 5, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Clark Neily Source Type: blogs

U.S. Department of Education: 40 Years Is Enough
Neal McCluskeyHappy birthday U.S. Department of Education—I guess. Today is ED ’s 40th (yes, that ’s its official abbreviation) and its impact has been mixed at best, and most likely negative. The same goes for federal education intervention overall, which became especially centralized with ED’s birth. Thankfully, as I and my co‐​authorslay out in a  new Cato paper, there are achievable ways out.To understand what ED is about, and what the feds have accomplished in education, it ’s worth watching the entirethree ‐​part webinar Cato ’s Center for Educational Freedom put ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 4, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Neal McCluskey Source Type: blogs

Remembering Deepak Lal
Ian V ásquezThe great development economistDeepak Lal, a  colleague and long‐​time friend to many of us at the Cato Institute, passed away at his home in London yesterday. He was 80 years old. Deepak was one of the most accomplished and impressive scholars I’ve had the privilege to know and to work with. I will miss his friendship and support dea rly.Although he was a  trained economist, Deepak believed in an interdisciplinary approach to the study of developing countries. His scholarship was original, erudite, and prolific, producing more than a dozen books published by the most p...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 2, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Ian V ásquez Source Type: blogs

Trillion ‐​Dollar Spending Bills Bring Out the Lobbyists
David BoazThe Center for Responsive Politicsreports that lobbying spending has jumped to near ‐​record levels in the first quarter of 2020 “as powerful companies, trade groups and other clients rushed to influence the government’s response to COVID-19, particularly its $2.2 trillion stimulus bill.” Federal lobbying spending totaled $903 million in the first quarter, the most since the legislatively active first two years of the Obama administration — which had exceeded the last few months of 2008, when TARP was on the table.OpenSecrets found that at least 3,200 clients reported lobbying on issue...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 2, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: David Boaz Source Type: blogs