Biden ’s Border Policy Is Not “Open Borders”
David J. BierPractically since his first week in office, President Joe Biden has faced repeated criticisms from Republicans and someDemocrats that his border policy amounts to “open borders.” This criticism is not simply inaccurate: it isunhingedfrom reality in a way that distinguishes itself from normal political hyperbole. Indeed, U.S. immigration policy is effectivelyclosed borders, and Biden ’s immigration policies and goals are largely the same as those of President Donald Trump.Under U.S. immigration law, it is illegal for anyone in the world to travel or immigrate to the United States unless they f...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 23, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: David J. Bier Source Type: blogs

Area Cartel Laments Cost of Joining, Proposes Government Pay the Tab
Scott Lincicome and Ilana BlumsackCiting the high cost of attending law school in the United States today, the American Bar Associationhascalled on the federal government to suspend or forgive certain lawyers ’ student loans, and isco-sponsoring a “Student Debt Week of Action” this week to lobby Congress “for additional student loan debt relief.” Unmentioned in this advocacy, however, is that the ABA and its member associations in states across the country are at least partially responsible for the extreme tuition and debt levels that today’s law school graduates must incur.It ’s u...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 23, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Scott Lincicome, Ilana Blumsack Source Type: blogs

New Cato/ ​YouGov Survey On Pressuring Vaccination
Jeffrey A. SingerTo gauge whether financial incentives might encourage unvaccinated Americans to receive a COVID-19 vaccine, the Cato Institute andYouGov conducted an internet survey of 2,000 adults aged 18 and up from September 2 to September 13. The results show the vast majority of unvaccinated Americans report that financial incentives in the form of higher health insurance premiums will not persuade them to vaccinate.Here are the main results on vaccination status and attitudes toward vaccinating:67 percent of respondents report they had already gotten at least one dose of the vaccine16 percent reported they...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 23, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey A. Singer Source Type: blogs

House 2022 National Defense Authorization Act Amendments on Arms Sales and Security Assistance
Jordan CohenThe House is set to vote on theNational Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for fiscal year 2022. Prior to the structured Rule for the act, there were a total of fifty amendments that, if passed, would directly impact weapons sales legislation. Overall, these bills are divided into five broad themes: congressional power, increased monitoring and reporting surrounding human rights violators, weapons sales to the Middle East, weapons sales to counter Russia, and weapons sales to counter China.Readers should examine the2020 Arms Sales Risk Index for our latest data on risks associated with the weapons sales proc...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 21, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Jordan Cohen Source Type: blogs

China and U.S. Housing Crises: Failures of Central Planning
Randal O'TooleEvergrande may not be China ’s “Lehman Brothers moment, ” but there are many parallels between the housing crises in China and the United States. Both are due to government control or regulation of land. Both see government planners deflecting attention from their inept policies by blaming someone else. Both have seen resulting remedies fail to do anyt hing about high housing prices.An Evergrande development that was being planned in 2020.More than half of China andnearly half the United States are agricultural lands, and in each case only a  small portion of the total is actually ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 21, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Randal O ' Toole Source Type: blogs

Biden ’s Visa Ban for Africans
David J. BierThe Biden administrationis planning to roll out a  new policy in November that denies the right to travel or immigrate to the United States to anyone in the world who is unvaccinated. It will replace various nonsensical travel bans on Europeans, Chinese, Iranians, Brazilians, South Africans, and Indians, but a majority of the world (57 percent) has not received even a  single shot of any of the vaccines, andonly 1.9 percent of people in low ‐​income countries have received at least one dose. This includes pretty much the entire continent of Africa.Currently, everyone —vaccinated or not...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 20, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: David J. Bier Source Type: blogs

FDA Panel Wants to Deny Adults the Right to Decide How Much COVID Protection They Want
Jeffrey A. SingerThe Food and Drug Administration ’s scientific advisory panel recommendedagainst approving Pfizer/ ​BioNTech booster vaccinations for the general population aged 16 and above. The boosters are currently only approved for immunocompromised individuals and patients in nursing homes—patients who are more vulnerable than the general population to get breakthrough infections that result in hospita lization or death.Concluding that the vaccines offer the general adult population robust protection against severe disease that can possibly result in hospitalization or death, the committee decided the ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 17, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey A. Singer Source Type: blogs

Democratic Tax Plan
Chris EdwardsHouse Democrats aremoving ahead with a  huge bill to raise taxes on businesses and individuals, increase welfare handouts, and micromanage numerous industries. It is a complex proposal that would increase taxes $2.1 trillion over 10 years with 66 provisions and would distribute tax breaks and spending with another 79 provisions.The following table is my summary of the bill based on theofficial estimates. The bill would raise $2.073 trillion in taxes, distribute $1.202 trillion to infrastructure, green, and safety net programs, and leave $871 billion in higher taxes to be used for other spending ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 17, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

Alaska Delegation Targets Cruise Ship Protectionism
Colin GrabowAfter decades of maritime protectionism diverting Alaska ‐​bound cruise ships (and tourist dollars) to Canadian ports, some measure of common sense may finally prevail. Earlier this week Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-AK)announced her forthcoming introduction of legislation to ease the burden of the Passenger Vessel Services Act (PVSA) on Alaska. In so doing, Murkowski will become the second member of Alaska ’s congressional delegation to target the PVSA in recent months, with Rep. Don Youngputting forth a separate bill in July to loosen the law ’s shackles.It ’s welcome news. Legislatio...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 17, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Colin Grabow Source Type: blogs

The First Lesson of Constitution Day Is There Should Be No Forced Lessons on Constitution Day
Neal McCluskeyToday isConstitution Day, marking the anniversary of the drafting of the United States Constitution, a document that has survived – sort of – since 1787. “Sort of,” because that oft‐​invoked document has been twisted, ripped, and shunted aside – and not through the totally Constitutional amendment process – so frequently it is hard to say that it is really still in force.Education – my area – is a perfect example of this. The Constitution only gives the federal government specific, enumerated powers, and none are about education. YetWashington annu...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 17, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Neal McCluskey Source Type: blogs

Is It Finally Time to Break Up the Ninth Circuit?
Ilya ShapiroNearly four years, I published a Wall Street Journal oped alongside Arizona attorney general Mark Brnovich arguing for splitting up the Ninth Circuit — but not because it’s liberal. Instead, it’s simply too big, covering 40% of the nation’s land mass and 20% of its population. As a result, it decides an extraordinary number of appeals — more than 11,000 a year, half again as many as the second ‐​busiest circuit and nearly triple the average. It’s not good for access to justice or consistency in the law; Ninth Circuit judges don’t even have time t...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 16, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Ilya Shapiro Source Type: blogs

The U.S. Defense Budget: Inertia Over Strategy
Eric Gomez andJordan CohenThe FY22 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) recently inched closer to becoming law when the House Armed Services Committee (HASC) voted to send its version to the full House. The HASC version of the bill authorizes $24 billion morethan the Biden administration ’s request and follows the lead of the Senate Armed Services Committee (SASC), which passed a billauthorizing $25 billion more than the administration ’s request in late July.The HASC and SASC authorization hikes are a product of strategic inertia in Washington thatdrives defense spending ever upwards withou...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 16, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Eric Gomez, Jordan Cohen Source Type: blogs

States Can ’t Bar Third Party Members from Public Office
Thomas A. BerryPublic service in state government is something that many aspire to. An appointed position of honor and trust can serve as the capstone to a career. But in Ohio, one such position is categorically off limits to a large group of Ohio citizens. The state ’s Elections Commission adjudicates potential violations of Ohio election law. The Commission has seven seats, of which six are reserved for three Democrats and three Republicans. The seventh and final seat is reserved for a political independent who is a member of no party. Thus, members of all third parties, such as Greens and Liber...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 16, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Thomas A. Berry Source Type: blogs

Eight Reasons For Ending Joe Biden ’s Travel Bans
Ryan Bourne and Brad SubramaniamBack in July, Ioutlined why Joe Biden ’s crude COVID-19 travel bans on non-Americans coming from Europe, India, and a few other countries no longer made any sense from a public health perspective.Talk in Washington at the time was of lifting these restrictions by September. Well, here we are, mid-way through that month and the restrictions are going strong. Officials and diplomats now seem to think October or even Thanksgiving are the earliest potential dates for their removal. Some ponder whether the political incentives might point towards inactionuntil the mid-terms...which would me...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 16, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Ryan Bourne, Brad Subramaniam Source Type: blogs

The Missile Arms Race on the Korean Peninsula Heats Up
Eric GomezIt has been a very busy week for missile tests on the Korean peninsula. North Korea testeda new type of ground ‐​launched cruise missile to start the week and launchedtwo short ‐​range ballistic missiles (SRBMs) a couple days later. South Korea tested a newconventional submarine ‐​launched ballistic missile only a few hours after North Korea ’s SRBM test. South Korea’s Ministry of National Defense also released video footage of several new missile systems, including a supersonic anti ‐​ship cruise missile, anair ‐​launched land attack cruise missile, a...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 15, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Eric Gomez Source Type: blogs

After Backlash, Apple Postpones Photo Scanning Plans
Julian SanchezLast month, Iwrote about Apple's well-intentioned but profoundly unwise plan to begin scanning photos on user devices for Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM). The announcement provoked a degree of outcry from privacy advocates and security researchers that seems to have caught the company by surprise —prompting Apple to press pause on the rollout in order to " collect input and make improvements before releasing these critically important child safety features. "While this is good news, the wording suggests they remain committed to moving ahead with the features they'd announced —includin...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 14, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Julian Sanchez Source Type: blogs

Meet the New Boss
Thomas A. FireySome 18 months ago, then-president Donald Trump sent jaws dropping and tongues wagging byclaiming the Constitution gave him the power to close and open state economies in response to the COVID-19 pandemic." The authority is total, and that ’s the way it’s got to be, "he said of his supposed ability to overrule state shutdown orders.Of course, neither he nor any president has such authority, whatever the wisdom of the shutdowns. But it was one more example of Trump ’s belief that the Constitution gives presidents “the right to do whatever [they] want. ” Throughout his t...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 14, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Thomas A. Firey Source Type: blogs

Guinea ’s Coup Is The Latest Example Of Risks From U.S. Military Aid
A. Trevor Thrall andJordan CohenOn September 5, 2021, an American ‐​trained military officer inGuinea ’s armed forces led a coup d ’état to oust President Alpha Condé. Though far from the only coup initiated by forces with American training, this coup marks the first time that someone has led a coupwhile taking that training. American officials have tried to distance the United States from the coup by saying that it is “inconsistent with U.S. military training and education” andsuspending military support to Guinea. Weak excuses like this, however, cannot obscure the trut...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 14, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: A. Trevor Thrall, Jordan Cohen Source Type: blogs

Obsolete Transportation Month
Randal O'TooleFromCalifornia toNorth Carolina, transit agencies have declared September to be " Transit Month. " “This month is all about celebrating the vital role of public transit for our communities,”says one transit agency, which means “getting elected leaders to make transit a priority issue.”In fact, transit plays a vital role in only one community, and that's New York City, where more than half of all residents who had a job took transit to work before the pandemic. Transit has also influenced the development of about a half-dozen other large downtowns, namely Boston, Chicago,...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 14, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Randal O ' Toole Source Type: blogs

Cato Files Amicus Brief in Major School Choice Case
Trevor Burrus andNived RajendranThe fight for school choice has always faced push ‐​back when it comes to funding religious education. Even though Pell Grants and federal student loans can be used to attend religious universities, people become wary when school‐​choice dollars—whether in the form of vouchers, tax credits, or whatever—are given to religious K-12 school s. Over the years, the Supreme Court has weighed in on this issue a few times, and the justices have usually concluded that states can ’t discriminate against religion in their school‐​choice programs. Last year was the most...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 14, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Trevor Burrus, Nived Rajendran Source Type: blogs

U.S. and World Economic Freedom Heading in Different Directions
Ian V ásquezTheEconomic Freedom of the World: 2021 Annual Report, released today by the Fraser Institute and co ‐​published in the United States by the Cato Institute, documents a slight rise in global economic freedom, continuing a notable, long‐​term, though decelerating, trend over the past several decades. The study is based on data through 2019, the most recent year for which there is internati onally comparable data, so it does not account for the effects of the coronavirus pandemic.Although the United States maintained its rank at 6th in this year ’s index, it is worrisome that its lon...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 14, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Ian V ásquez Source Type: blogs

The Core Content Paradox
Neal McCluskeyLast week, Heterodox Academy hosted anengaging web discussion between Greg Forster of EdChoice and Robert Pondiscio of the American Enterprise Institute. The topic was “School Choice and Viewpoint Diversity,” with Forster arguing that choice is likely to yield greater diversity of ideas in classrooms, and Pondiscio averring that choice will reduce diverse discussion by enabling families to select schools in which all agree.This is a bedrock education topic —what is the best way to deliver education in a diverse society? —and both debaters took reasonable positions. Pondiscio&...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 13, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Neal McCluskey Source Type: blogs

What If 9/11 Changed Nothing at All?
Brandon ValerianoOn September 11, 2001, I was a graduate student at Vanderbilt University. Disconnected from the real world and at the height of my time in the Ivory Tower, 9/11 was a shock to the system. We were spending so much time dissecting the minutia of World War I and the Chaco War that the shifts to the international system were missed by many of us focused on details of international relations theory.The prevailing question quickly became “is the international system in flux?” The general answer was yes, the entirety of our system had gone through a reset that became known as ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 13, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Brandon Valeriano Source Type: blogs

The FDA ’s Inexplicable Crusade Against Tobacco Smoking Harm Reduction Continues
Jeffrey A. SingerWhile the press was understandably preoccupied with the White Housecommandeering private businesses to enforce a COVID vaccine mandate on September 9, it gave little attention to the Food and Drug Administration ’s strike against an effective form of tobacco harm reduction on the same day. The FDA was under a court order to review 6.5 million applications from over 500 companies to market nicotine ‐​containing e‐​cigarettes andrejected 90 percent of them, while itdelayed deciding on applications from Juul, which commands an overwhelming share of the vaping market. One can be forgive...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 13, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey A. Singer Source Type: blogs

20 Years of Cato Research on the War on Terror
Justin Logan20 years ago, Cato scholars began researching the global war on terror. Amid the chaos and uncertainty of the time, Cato analysts frequently dissented from the Beltway consensus. TheWall Street Journal ’shawkish editorial page editor Paul Gigot vividly dismissed Cato ’s foreign policy scholars,declaring that “I don’t look to the Cato Institute or any of their writers for instruction on foreign policy. Is libertarianism a school of thought, or is it four or five people in a phone booth? ” At times that is what it felt like, but theJournal ’s op ‐​ed page wou...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 11, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Justin Logan Source Type: blogs

Blaming U.S. Passenger Vehicles for Climate Change Is Ignorant but Lucrative
Alan ReynoldsA CNN report says, “Making American cars greener is a key component of Biden’s economic and climate agendas… But the transition will be difficult;passenger vehicles contribute 29% of total US greenhouse gas emissions, and EVs and plug ‐​in hybrids combined only account for around 2% of the US auto sales, according to a UAW analysis.”Similar claims – that “passenger vehicles contribute 29% of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions” – have been echoed repeatedly for a decade but are totally false. Theentire transportation sector accounts for 29% of...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 10, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Alan Reynolds Source Type: blogs

Don ’t Read Disparate Impact Into Section 504
Walter Olson and Nicole Saad BembridgeCVS Caremark, a benefits management company pursuing cost containment, introduced rules that require patients using specialty drugs to pay higher prices if they go outside the company ’s in‐​house distribution system, specifically its home‐​delivery service or pickup at a CVS pharmacy.Five John Doe HIV/AIDS patients who use specialty drugs with employer ‐​sponsored healthcare plans sued CVS claiming, firstly, that CVS’s policy change amounts to discrimination under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) by treating consumers of specialty drugs differently from ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 10, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Walter Olson, Nicole Saad Bembridge Source Type: blogs

President Biden ’s New Vaccine Mandate Might Have Unintended Consequences
Jeffrey A. SingerThe Washington Postreports that President Biden will announce this afternoon that he will require all government employees to get vaccinated against COVID-19 or face possible termination. They will not be exempt from the requirement if they agree to frequent testing.The administration also plans to mandate that all businesses with 100 or more employees require their employees to get vaccinated or take weekly COVID tests. Finally, it will use its leverage to mandate that all hospitals receiving Medicaid or Medicare funds vaccinate their workers.I don ’t believe the government has the right toforce ind...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 9, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey A. Singer Source Type: blogs

Biden Proposes Government Price Controls on Prescription Drugs
Michael F. CannonPresident Biden ’s Department of Health and Human Services hasissued a report proposing to reduce the prices government pays for prescription drugs (good) and proposing government price controls on private drug purchases (bad).The optimal price government should pay for medical care, including prescription drugs, is $0.00. Lowering the prices government pays for drugs reduces government spending and the burden that Medicare and other government programs impose on taxpayers. Everyone who supports smaller government (read: Republicans) should support reducing the prices Medicare pays for prescript...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 9, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Michael F. Cannon Source Type: blogs

Our Unserious Congress
William YeatmanAfter midnight on July 31st, the federal government reached the$28.5 trillion debt limit, which is the amount of money Congress allows the Treasury Department to borrow to keep the government running. Since then, Treasury has relied on bookkeeping gimmicks —known in bureaucratese as “extraordinary measures”—to shuffle existing funds and thereby keep the government fiscally afloat. These extraordinary measures, however, are a stopgap. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen yesterdayestimated that incoming receipts will be insufficient to pay daily obligations sometime “during the m...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 9, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: William Yeatman Source Type: blogs

Seafood Company Hit with Jones Act Penalties over Railroad to Nowhere
Colin GrabowIn a  saner world, sending frozen fish from Alaska to the East Coast would be a relatively simple undertaking. Fish or other types of seafood would be placed onto ships in Alaska and dispatched to the other side of the country for unloading and eventual transport to consumers. But domestic water transp ortation is subject to theJones Act, which means this process is not so straightforward. Ships both capable of handling items requiring cold storage and compliant with the law ’s strictures are expensive and few in number. And none operate regularly scheduled service from Alaska to destinations be...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 8, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Colin Grabow Source Type: blogs

Immigration Undermines Affirmative Action in American States
Alex Nowrasteh and Michael HowardA newargument against liberalized immigration has recently emerged: more immigration will increase affirmative action. There are two arguments for why more immigration could increase the scale and scope of affirmative action. The first is that most immigrants are not white. As a  result, they would benefit from affirmative action and, thus, demand it. The second is that immigrants mostly vote for Democrats who support expanding affirmative action. To answer whether more immigration is correlated with affirmative action, we look at whether a larger immigrant population on the state...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 8, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Alex Nowrasteh, Michael Howard Source Type: blogs

Latest Edu ‐​Polling: Americans Want Much More Freedom
Colleen HroncichWhat does public opinion about school look like midway through the “year of educational choice”? According to new polling fromEdChoice, support for education choice remains high.Interestingly, the highest support is for the most flexible form of choice —education savings accounts (ESAs). An overwhelming 84% of parents and 78% of the general public support ESAs, which are taxpayer‐​funded accounts that can be used for many approved educational expenses beyond just private school tuition.The strong support for choice shouldn ’t be surprising given another finding from the survey: t...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 3, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Colleen Hroncich Source Type: blogs

Federal Government Debt Is Soaring
Chris EdwardsFederal government debt rose from $3.3 trillion in 2001, to $10.1 trillion in 2011, to $23.0 trillion in 2021. Under current law, the CBOexpects debt to rise to $35.8 trillion by 2031. If Congress passes the spending increases in the Democratic budget resolution, debt will rise to $40.1 trillion by 2031,according to CRFB. This is “debt held by the public,” meaning federal borrowing from domestic and foreign creditors.The chart scales the debt to the number of U.S. households. Debt per household under the Democratic plan would rise from $179,082  in 2021 to $288,047 by 2031. That debt is not li...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 2, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

Back to School, Back to Battle
Neal McCluskeyBy early next week, after Labor Day weekend has come to a close, just about every child aged 5 to 17 in the United States —homeschoolers excepted—will be back in school. And that means, for the most part,literallyin school, unlike last year when much of the nation was racked by heated debates about buildings closed to in ‐​person instruction. But just because that particular fight is largely over does not mean the school year is starting with pep rallies ringing out “Kumbaya.”When it comes to COVID-19, conflict persists but the battleground has shifted. Thelocus is n...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 2, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Neal McCluskey Source Type: blogs

When Conservatives Forget the History of the Fairness Doctrine
Paul MatzkoNate Hochman, a fellow at the Claremont Institute, is trying toconvince conservatives that the Fairness Doctrine was fair. It is a bold thesis given longstanding conservative antipathy towards government regulation of media. But Hochman blames that antipathy on kneejerk libertarians, who invoke " shallow Reagan-era slogans about small government and individual liberty. " Perhaps, but I can tell you with certainty that the author is falling prey to a shallow understanding of the history of broadcast regulation.It would not be entirely fair to criticize a recent college graduate like Mr. Hochman for not ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 2, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Paul Matzko Source Type: blogs

Biden ’s Smoke‐​and‐​Mirrors Housing Plan
Randal O'TooleOn Wednesday, the White House introduced a four ‐​point plan to “increase affordable housing supply” nationwide:Increase rental housing with various low ‐​interest loan and tax credit programs;Increasing federal loan programs for manufactured housing and two ‐ to four‐​unit homes;Focusing existing home loan programs on individual homebuyers rather than investors; andEncouraging state and local governments to use American Rescue Plan funds to build affordable housing and to reduce exclusionary zoning.Most of these points do nothing to increase housing supply. The first two p...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 2, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Randal O ' Toole Source Type: blogs

Subsidies and Misplaced Shipbuilding Nostalgia
Colin GrabowReading some of the commentary, one could be forgiven for believing that the United States was a  major commercial shipbuilding force in the post‐​World War II era until it was brought low by the end of a particular subsidy in the early 1980s. Known as construction differential subsidies (CDS), they were meant to encourage domestic shipbuilding by bridging the difference in price between constructing ships in the United States and abroad (up to a maximum of 50 percent). With these subsidies in place, some argue, the country’s shipyards were in a vibrant state.The Brookings Institut...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 2, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Colin Grabow Source Type: blogs

Don ’t be Fooled: America’s “Longest War” Isn’t Over
Sahar KhanAugust 31, 2021 became a historic dateas the picture of U.S. Army Maj. Gen. Chris Donahue appeared on the news as the last American servicemember to leave Afghanistan. Majormediaoutlets andsocial media all had headlines indicating that the US war in Afghanistan was finally over. President Joe Biden also addressed the nation – and the world – and defended his decision to withdraw,saying, “I was not going to extend this forever war, and I was not extending a forever exit ” and “It’s time to end the war in Afghanistan.”But is the war really over?It ’s tr...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 1, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Sahar Khan Source Type: blogs

Next Week ’s Conference on Retail Investing and the Future of Equities Markets
Jennifer J. SchulpRetail ––or individual––investors are having a moment. Over the past 18 months, they have entered the equities markets in droves and made headlines across the financial press. TheGameStopphenomenon got the bulk of the attention, but it is only part of the story. Retail investors opened more than10 million new brokerage accounts in 2020 and10 million more so far this year. These new investors aremore diverse, younger, and less wealthy than those who previously participated in the markets. And they not only account for asignificant portion of trading volume as of late, but they are a...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 1, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Jennifer J. Schulp Source Type: blogs

High Prices, Competition, and the Biden Administration
David BoazAn article in the Washington Post on the Biden administration ’s plans to “do something” about high prices seems to me to be full of myths, so I thought I ’d give it an old‐​fashioned “fisking. ” The article begins:Senior Biden administration officials, alarmed by the rising costs of consumer staples, are ramping up efforts to police corporate monopolies and alleged collusion by big companies, arguing a crackdown on corporate malfeasance will translate into cheaper goods.Current price increases may be a result of Federal Reserve money creation. They may be a&...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - August 31, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: David Boaz Source Type: blogs

The Cost of Geographic Ignorance
Randal O'ToolePaul Krugman needs to learn some geography. Last week, hewrote, “there’s no more room for housing” in California unless they build up. After all, he notes, “San Francisco is on a peninsula, Los Angeles is ringed by mountains.”This is not the kind of housing Californians want, but it is the kind of housing they are going to get under restrictive policies advocated by Krugman and others who believe in “building up,” not out.Photo by Junkyardsparkle.Yes, San Francisco is on a  peninsula. But, immediately to the south of the city is San Mateo County, which ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - August 31, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Randal O ' Toole Source Type: blogs

Twenty Years of the Global War on Terror
Justin LoganI have anarticle in the new issue of theIndependent Review covering American strategy from 9/11 to the present. As somebody who never aspired to be a historian ( “It’s just telling stories!”), it led me to a greater respect for their craft. Telling stories in a way that adequately summarizes any given period is hard!The essay concludes,Domestically, abundant resources and permissive mass opinion left the American foreign ‐​policy elite free to roam. Traditional guns‐​versus‐​butter trade‐​offs were almost irrelevant as the United States significantly expanded bot...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - August 31, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Justin Logan Source Type: blogs

Putting Illinois Public Unions Even Further Above the Law
Walter OlsonIf policing and public education are especially resistant to reform and oversight in the state of Illinois, one reason is an extraordinary state law that provides for union contract provisions to override the state ’s ordinary laws and regulations. In a report last year for the Illinois Policy Institute, Mailee Smith explained how this works to insulate police misconduct from correction:Hidden near the end of the Illinois Public Labor Relations Act, or IPLRA, is a provision entitled “Act Takes Precedence.” That section explicitly details that when a contract between a gover...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - August 31, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Walter Olson Source Type: blogs

Indian Reservations: Subsidies vs. Property Rights
Chris EdwardsThe proposed Democratic spending planwould provide $20 billion more in subsidies for American Indian programs. Education, health care, and other services on reservations have been appallingly mismanaged for decades. New subsidies may help but they won ’t get at the core problems resulting in reservations being among the poorest places in America.The fundamental issue is the lack of individual property rights on reservations, which undermines incentives for investment and entrepreneurship. Other problems include excessive regulations and mismanagement by federal and tribal bureaucracies, as I examine...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - August 30, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

The Yongbyon Reactor Restart and Biden ’s Fading North Korea Prospects
Eric GomezNorth Korea restarted a reactor at the Yongbyon nuclear complex according toa new report by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The reactor, which has been dormant since December 2018, produces plutonium for North Korea ’s nuclear weapons. The amount of plutonium the reactor will eventually produce is currently unclear, but a resumption of activity at the Yongbyon nuclear complex should not come as a surprise.North Korea has not been a major foreign policy concern thus far in the Biden administration ’s tenure. This is understandable given the administration’s...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - August 30, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Eric Gomez Source Type: blogs

Yes, Taliban Is Like Vietcong — and IS Is Like Khmer Rouge
Mustafa AkyolThe American withdrawal from Kabul in Aug 2021 made many people recall the scenes of the American withdrawal from Saigon in April 1975. That is indeed a helpful analogy, because the Taliban of today has similarities to the Vietcong of the past. Both are popular militia forces mobilized against American forces of occupation, only to establish authoritarian regimes after the latter ’s departure. (The big difference, of course, is that while the authoritarian ideology of the Vietcong wascommunism, that of the Taliban isIslamism— a politicized and oppressive interpretation of Islam disfavored...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - August 30, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Mustafa Akyol Source Type: blogs

New U.S. Tariffs Are Contributing to the Shipping Crisis, and There ’s Little We Can Do About It
Scott Lincicome and Alfredo Carrillo ObregonAccording tonumerousreports, skyrocketing global shipping prices and related transportation bottlenecks arehindering the U.S. economic recovery. Indeed, this “shipping crisis” is one of the summer’s most‐​covered financial phenomena. Yet barely mentioned outside of a few industry publications is howbrand new U.S. tariffs of more than 200 percent(!) are contributing to the problem. And U.S. trade law all but ensures that there ’s little we – even the White House itself – can do about it.American ports and rail terminals are struggling t...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - August 26, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Scott Lincicome, Alfredo Carrillo Obregon Source Type: blogs

Libertarians Have Been Right about Marijuana Legalization Thus Far
Lachlan MerskyIn anarticle National Review published this month, the author chronicles the alleged negative effects of marijuana legalization, yet his claims are dubious. Marijuana is only legal in18 states, and it is still a federally illegalSchedule I substance, so it is far too early to make any conclusions on legalization. That said, the preliminary data we do have can tell us a lot about what marijuana legalization might look like on a broader scale, and given what we know, this article missed the mark.The author ’s primary argument for prohibition is that “weed is unhealthy,” cit...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - August 26, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Lachlan Mersky Source Type: blogs

The Conservative Case against Qualified Immunity
Clark NeilyCongressional Republicans have taken some puzzling positions over the past few years, one of which is their near-uniform opposition to reforming qualified immunity, a judge-made doctrine thatroutinely shields rights-violating police and other government officials from accountability for their misconduct. Notwithstanding Republicans'partial policy makeover, their embrace of qualified immunity is a particularly odd stance for proponents of an ostensibly conservative ideology that espouses personal responsibility, limited government, and the proposition that judges shouldapply the law rather than making it up thems...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - August 25, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Clark Neily Source Type: blogs