Americans Mainly Reject Labor Unions
Chris EdwardsUnion membership continues to decline, according tonew data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Union membership fell from 6.3 percent of private ‐​sector employment in 2020 to 6.1 percent in 2021. Meanwhile, membership fell from 29.9 percent to 29.6 percent in state governments, and from 41.7 percent to 40.2 percent in local governments.The chart shows that private ‐​sector membership has fallen steadily since the 1960s. Michael Saltsmannotes that unions may gain the odd victory at a  Starbucks location, but that is unlikely to change the overall trend. Meanwhile, the chart shows that the union ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 24, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

Kentucky ’s Educational Opportunity Account Program
Colleen HroncichFamilies around the country have much to celebrate during this year ’s National School Choice Week. Last year was dubbed “the year of school choice” after 18 states enacted or expanded programs to fund students instead of systems. The number of states with education savings accounts, the most flexible form of choice, jumped from five to 10.Kentucky was one of those states, enacting the Educational Opportunity Account (EOA) Program —the nation’s first tax‐​credit funded education savings account. This innovative program will allow eligible parents to receive scholarship acco...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 24, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Colleen Hroncich Source Type: blogs

New Attempts To Change Arms Sales Policy, Same Old Problems
Jordan CohenUnited States Representatives Pramila Jayapal (D ‑WA) and Barbara Lee (D‑CA) recently introduced a resolution that calls for a massive change to U.S. foreign policy. Rather than focus on military tools such as troops, interoperability drills, and weapons sales, the representatives want one centered around diplomacy and cooperation.The legislation lacks specifics, but it raises interesting issues about weapons sales. It argues for a transformation in U.S. military aid and weapons transfers policy and says that these tools should only be for governments that are not corrupt and do not abuse hum...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 24, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Jordan Cohen Source Type: blogs

Missed it by That Much: Where the Fed ’s Digital Currency Proposal Goes Wrong
George SelginThe Fed ’s long‐​awaitedreport on central bank digital currencies is finally out. Although the report makes it clear that the Fed has no immediate plans to issue a digital currency, it does point to the approach the Fed would be inclined to take were it to do so.That approach would have the Fed supply a retail digital currency to the general public indirectly, using private ‐​sector financial intermediaries, including but not limited to commercial banks, as its agents. Those private intermediaries would then be responsible for managing customers’ central bank digital currency (CBD...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 24, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: George Selgin Source Type: blogs

A Diplomatic Hail Mary May Be Ukraine ’s Only Hope
Justin LoganAs Russia continues massing troops on its side of the border with Ukraine (as well as Belarus ’s), it’s worth asking a few questions before deciding what to do.The first, and most important one, is what a Russian invasion of Ukraine means for U.S. national security. The answer is “not much,” which may help explain why the question is so rarely being asked. U.S. Secretary of State Tony Blinkenanswered his own rhetorical question, “why should Americans worry about Ukraine?” by saying the issue isbigger than Ukraine, because what ’s happening is this: You’v...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 24, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Justin Logan Source Type: blogs

Choice Could Depoliticize Battles over Schools
David BoazThe Washington Postreports—yetagain—that conservative parent/​activists are running for and often winning seats on local school boards in order to change school policies on virtual learning, masks, and the kinds of books in school libraries. Regardless of what one thinks about the specific policy changes that school board candida tes may propose, the whole issue illustrates the problem of public schooling: that there must be one solution for a whole school district, a whole state, or even the whole country. Over the years parents, taxpayers, and other voters havedisagreed over many things:...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 24, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: David Boaz Source Type: blogs

OSHA Vax Mandate Is Also Arbitrary Because It Ignores Natural Immunity
Todd Zywicki,Jeffrey A. Singer, andIlya ShapiroOn November 5, 2021, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration issued an emergency temporary standard (ETS) requiring businesses with 100 or more employees to enforce a vaccination ‐​or‐​testing regime. The Supreme Court has already stayed the ETS pending further litigation, but OSHA is still treating it as a proposed permanent rule, so Cato fileda comment on that proposal.The arguments for why the ETS goes beyond OSHA ’s statutory authority, violates the major questions and nondelegation doctrines, and has other defects of administrative a...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 22, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Todd Zywicki, Jeffrey A. Singer, Ilya Shapiro Source Type: blogs

North Korea Hints at Return of Long ‐​Range Missile, Nuclear Weapon Testing
Eric GomezThis year is shaping up to be a very active one for North Korea ’s missile program. Kim Jong Un’s regime has already conducted four ballistic missile tests so far this year, including two tests of a new, maneuverable warhead that North Korea called a hypersonic glide vehicle (HGV). All of the missiles tested in 2022 thus far, and most tests conducted since the breakdown of nuclear diplomacy in February 2019, were of relatively short ‐​range systems. This trend could change, however, due torecent guidance from North Korea ’s politburo.The politburo report instructs the country ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 21, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Eric Gomez Source Type: blogs

The Fed ’s Astonishing Quantitative Tightening in the Great Recession
Alan Reynolds“There Was No Housing Bubble in 2008 and There Isn ’t One Now, ” concludes Ramesh Ponnuru. Writing in Bloomberg, Ponnuru notes that, ” economists David Beckworth and Scott Sumner have argued that the timing of the last housing bust does not line up with the conventional wisdom that it played a central role in the recession that began in December 2007. The housing market peaked in early 2006, and sustained nearly two years of decline before the economy stopped growing as unemployment stayed low.”“A monetaristexplanation for the Great Recession, ” he adds, “is...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 21, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Alan Reynolds Source Type: blogs

The Fed Finally Announced Its CBDC Ideas
Nicholas AnthonyAfter nearly a year, the Federal Reserve has finally released itsdiscussion paper on central bank digital currencies (CBDCs). For a 40 ‐​page document, the findings were actually rather thin. It seems the Fed is still undecided, but it is leaning towards launching a CBDC that would protect privacy without permitting anonymous use, be intermediated (or hosted) by private banks, and be easily transferable. In other words, it would be much like what already exists.To justify the launch of the new system, the Fed lists improvements to the payments system, financial inclusion, and the dollar &...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 21, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Nicholas Anthony Source Type: blogs

Youngkin ’s Executive (Dis)order on School Masking
Neal McCluskeyEssentially the second major thing that Glenn Youngkin did when he took over Virginia ’s governorship was issue an executive order – number twoon the list– requiring that parents be able to choose whether or not their children wear masks in school to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. The guiding principle was clear – parents should decide whether or not their children wear masks – but the result has been confusion and upheaval. Which is to be ex pected when a central authority – heck, one person – makes a decision for millions of diverse people and hundreds o...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 21, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Neal McCluskey Source Type: blogs

Federal Debt and Unfunded Entitlement Promises
Chris EdwardsBiden ’s budget‐​busting Build Back Better plan has been beaten back, but federal finances are still badly broken. Spending is running far ahead of revenues, and politicians are adding more than $1 trillion a year to the government’s debt load.For years, both parties have increased spending and debt with little regard for the long ‐​term costs. Accumulated federal borrowing (“debt held by the public”) increased $3.0 trillion under eight years of George W. Bush, $8.1 trillion under eight years of Barack Obama, $7.2 trillion under four years of Donald Trump, and it will about...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 21, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

The Texas Terrorist Attack and the Foreign ‐​Born Terrorist Threat
Alex NowrastehMalik Faisal Akram took four hostages in the Congregation Beth Israel in Colleyville, Texas on the morning of January 15, 2022. Akram let one of the hostages go and the other three eventually escaped. FBI agents then shot and killed Akram when they entered the synagogue. Fortunately, Akram ’s terrorist attack ended without any innocent people being murdered or physically injured. Still, Akram’s attack provides some valuable lessons and insights to understanding foreign‐​born terrorism.Akram was born in the United Kingdom and entered the United States in late December, likely through theVisa Wa...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 21, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Alex Nowrasteh Source Type: blogs

Friday Feature: National School Choice Week
Colleen HroncichTalented musicians, amazing dance moves, rallies, and impactful stories —you can see all that and more as Americans celebrate National School Choice Week (NSCW). And after it was moved online last year, people are really excited to celebrate in person again.One of the most memorable NSCW events I ’ve attended was at Lincoln Park Performing Arts Charter School near Pittsburgh in January 2020. As you can guess by the name, the students had loads of talent. The jazz band and an amazing vocalist had nearly everyone in the auditorium dancing in their seats. Shortly after that rousing performanc e, yo...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 21, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Colleen Hroncich Source Type: blogs

House Committee Issues Report on Electoral Count Act Reform
Thomas A. Berry andAndy CraigLast week, the Democratic majority for the Committee on House Administration released the first concrete step towards reforming the Electoral Count Act, witha comprehensive report outlining the ECA ’s history, the case for reform, and a list of recommendations. Interest is especially high now that the Democratic push for broader and more controversial election and voting bills appear to havemet its final fate in the Senate. Abipartisan group of senators led by Sen. Susan Collins (R-ME) has been meeting to discuss the way forward on the ECA.TheCommittee on House Administration ’s sta...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 21, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Thomas A. Berry, Andy Craig Source Type: blogs

Amy Wax ’s Academic Freedom Should Be Defended–but Not Her Views
Cathy YoungUnder pressure from students andpoliticians, University of Pennsylvania Law School is initiating sanctions against Professor Amy Wax over her latest controversial remarks about race –this time,suggesting that Asian ‐​American immigration is bad for America and that we need less of it.This move to retaliate against a  professor’s protected speech has rightly elicited criticism and concern. A letter to Penn President Amy Gutmann from the Academic Freedom Alliance, signed by Princeton constitutional scholar Keith Whittington, states that “[p]rinciples of free speech include the right...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 20, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Cathy Young Source Type: blogs

Industrial Policy Fails Another (Rapid) Test
Scott LincicomeIt was good to see President Biden finallyacknowledge yesterday what anyone in America with a school ‐​age child, job in a front ‐​facing industry, or overseas travel plans has known for months: U.S. policy regarding COVID-19 testing has been a piping hot mess. What the president didn ’t mention, however, was that the administration’s most recent plan for at‐​home rapid tests — announced in December in response to extreme public frustration about empty drug store shelves and long testing lines — was actually Biden’ssixth promise to subsidize and plan o...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 20, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Scott Lincicome Source Type: blogs

Let the Sun Set on Solar Tariffs
ConclusionThe best decision by President Biden would be to refuse to extend these solar tariffs —one ofmany examples of how freeing trade can help counter climate change. Yet what may well prevent Biden from making the best decision are the politics involved and, especially, the prospect of being accused of favoring China and abandoning U.S. labor unions. But surely Joe Biden should have realized by now that, in any trade decision he makes that relates to China and regardless of what he actually does, the president will be accused by his political opponents of kowtowing to the Chinese government. And if his goal is t...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 19, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: James Bacchus, Gabriella Beaumont-Smith Source Type: blogs

Are Mandatory Bar Association Dues Unconstitutional? The Supreme Court Is Seriously Considering the Question
Trevor BurrusIn every state and the District of Columbia, there is a bar association that regulates the practice of law. Some state bar associations, however, go beyond administering the bar exam and other licensing requirements and require attorneys to be dues ‐​paying members. In many of those states, the bar association spends attorneys’ forced‐​dues on various political and ideologically charged issues. That’s a problem under the First Amendment, especially after the Supreme Court ’s 2018 decision inJanus v. AFSCME.InJanus, the Court overturned a 41 year ‐​old precedent...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 19, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Trevor Burrus Source Type: blogs

State Spending Soars
Chris EdwardsIn 2020, many reporters and analysts portrayed state and local governments as facing doom ‐​and‐​gloom with falling revenues and slashed services. I didn’t buy the grim narrative. I argued that budget gaps would not be as large as claimed, that states had rainy day funds they could tap, and that belt tightening, if needed, would be beneficial. (Seehere,here,here,here, andhere).It turns out that the doom ‐​and‐​gloom crowd was wrong. State and local governmenttax revenues dipped just 3  percent in the second quarter of 2020, and then quickly rebounded. By the third quarter o...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 19, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

The Decline of Legal Immigration
Alex NowrastehLegal immigration collapsed in the last year of the Trump administration. The number of green cards issued abroad were declining prior to the pandemic, partly for policy and other reasons, but the American government ’s overreaction to COVID-19 caused immigration to collapse as we’ve detailedhere,here,here,here, andhere.Since President Biden took office in January 2021, the recovery of legal immigration has been much slower than weanticipated. The new vaccine mandate for immigrants (as we ’re seeing in other countries with theNovak Djokovic scandal), the remaining closure of many embassies a...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 18, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Alex Nowrasteh Source Type: blogs

Orwellian “Bias Response Teams” Stifle Free Expression
Thomas A. BerryVirginia Tech has instituted a “bias‐​related incidents” policy, under which students may be referred to a “Bias Response Team.” Under the policy, students can be referred for violating a standard as vague as “words or actions that contradict the spirit of the Principles of Community.” Students can also run afoul of the policy for “unwelcome jokes” – or even being present when jokes are made and failing to report them. Students are encouraged to report each other while speculating on the “bia s” that may have motivated their peers&rsq...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 18, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Thomas A. Berry Source Type: blogs

Safe Consumption Sites Reduce The Stress on Hospitals and Emergency Departments
Jeffrey A. SingerI wrote previously about a secret safe consumption site that has been providing services in an undisclosed location since 2014. The harm reduction organization operating it has agreed to share its data with researchers providing the researchers keep the name and location of the site confidential. This is because the federal “Crack House Statute” makes safe consumption sites illegal in the U.S.The researchers published theirfirst report in 2017. They reported that in the site ’s first 2 years of operation there were 2,574 injections among more than 100 participants, most of whom ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 15, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey A. Singer Source Type: blogs

Friday Feature: International School Choice and Reform Conference
Colleen HroncichTheInternational School Choice and Reform Conference was held in Dublin last week and included participants from around the world. It was a tremendous opportunity to learn how education is faring in various countries. While some of the sessions focused on interruptions related to COVID-19, most were more broadly focused on school choice, parent engagement, and homeschooling.The opening reception included remarks fromDr. James Tooley, a British scholar who studies low ‐​cost private schools throughout the world. In his travels, Dr. Tooley has found numerous examples of low‐​income families ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 14, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Colleen Hroncich Source Type: blogs

The SEC Short ‐​Changes Public Comment
Jennifer J. Schulp andNicholas AnthonyGary Gensler, the Chair of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), has set anambitious agenda for the agency. Whatever onethinks about that agenda, it ’s a lot to get done, even for a hard‐​charging, get‐​things‐​done guy like Gensler. Rulemaking is not a quick process, but Gensler seems to have found a way to shepherd his agenda through a bit faster: decreasing the time allotted for the public to comment on proposed rules. But failing to provide adequate time for public comment can diminish the voices of investors and market participant...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 14, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Jennifer J. Schulp, Nicholas Anthony Source Type: blogs

A Pandemic Broken Windows Fallacy?
Ryan BourneSecretary of Housing and Urban Development Marcia Fudgetweeted last week: “The United States is the only major economy in the world where the economy as a whole is stronger now than before the pandemic. ”It ’s not clear what triggered her statement. Real GDP has been higher than its pre‐​COVID peak in the U.S.since mid ‐​last year and the U.S. isnot the only country to have surpassed that threshold.Perhaps there ’s another explanation. Fudge’s tweet reminded me of the IMF forecast that the U.S., unlike other major countries, could even have higher GDP at the end of 2022...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 14, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Ryan Bourne Source Type: blogs

SCOTUS Correctly Blocks OSHA Vax Mandate
Ilya ShapiroTrying to predict Supreme Court rulings based on oral arguments is a risky proposition, but the writing that was on the wall on Friday did indeed make it onto the pages oftoday ’sopinions in the federal vaccine ‐​mandate cases.It ’s not surprising that the justices blocked the federal mandate for private‐​sector workers to get vaccinated or get weekly COVID tests on their own time and dime. After all, even if we accept federal regulation of workplace safety as constitutional, there’s a difference between occupational risk and the general risk of living in a pandemic.&ldq...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 13, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Ilya Shapiro Source Type: blogs

Senators Are Right to Seek End to Three ‐​Month Celibacy Requirement For Gay and Bisexual Blood Donors
Jeffrey A. SingerTwenty ‐​two Democratic U.S. senatorssent a letter today to Secretary of Health and Human Services Xavier Becerra and Acting Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Janet Woodcock urging the FDA toend its policy of deferring blood donations from men who have sex with men until 3 months after the last sexual encounter. The senators argued it is not compatible with the scientific evidence and needlessly prevents people from donating blood, especially at a time such as now, when there is a national blood shortage. In 2020 alone, the Red Cross had to cancel almost2700 blood drives due...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 13, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey A. Singer Source Type: blogs

What Changes Should Be Made to the Electoral Count Act?
Andy CraigInterest continues to swirl about possible bills to reform the Electoral Count Act, with different groups of legislators in both theHouse andSenate andin bothparties reportedly considering what changes to adopt. So it ’s a good time to consider: what should a reformed Electoral Count Act look like? What is the proper role for Congress during the joint session held every four years to certify the results of the presidential election? Getting this right isn’t just an arcane procedural matter; it was also at the heart of last year’s attack on the Capitol.The key point to consider is that the Consti...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 13, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Andy Craig Source Type: blogs

Amtrak Slower Than Buses on Many Routes
Chris EdwardsMy daughters have gone to college in Pittsburgh and Poughkeepsie, NY. As they will be traveling back and forth to D.C., we have compared transportation options. For Pittsburgh, the best option is Megabus. For Poughkeepsie, it is Amtrak.For Pittsburgh, we were surprised to find that rail is much slower than bus. Because of the mountains between D.C. and Pittsburgh, trains need to zig zag more than highways as elevation changes. Amtrak ’s trip between D.C. and Pittsburgh is 7 hours 43 mins, while Greyhound’s (with a stop in Baltimore) is 6 hours 15 mins. Even better, Megabus ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 12, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

The Cato Trade Team ’s 2022 Policy Wish List
Scott Lincicome,Inu Manak,Gabriella Beaumont-Smith,&Colin GrabowThe pandemic caused extreme economicdisruptions and2020 saw the biggestdecline in world merchandise trade since 2009. Yet in 2021, merchandisetrade bounced back increasing an estimated22.4 percent compared to 2020. This remarkable recovery is a  testament to the continued strength of the global economy, especially given continued COVID-19 concerns and myriad trade restrictions, particularly U.S.tariffs, that remain in place.Reflecting on 2021, the Cato trade team looks back at the Biden administration ’s trade policy accomplishments. Unfortunate...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 10, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Scott Lincicome, Inu Manak, Gabriella Beaumont-Smith, Colin Grabow Source Type: blogs

A Matter of Legislative Principle
Walter OlsonOn Wednesday the Maryland General Assembly will convene for its 2022 legislative session, which makes a  good moment to share two of my favorite quotes from past Assembly members:“Mr. Speaker, this issue has degenerated into a matter of principle.” — Del. Xavier Aragona (Prince George’s),in a  floor debate circa the late 1960s.“How does this conflict with my interest?” — Sen. Joe Staszak (Baltimore City), in the 1970s,when asked whether there was a  conflict of interest in his vote for a bill that would benefit his business.I ’m likely to ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 10, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Walter Olson Source Type: blogs

Call for Proposals: Junior Scholars Symposium 2022
Eric GomezIn October 2022, the Cato Institute will host our fifth annual Junior Scholars Symposium (JSS), a  paper workshop for graduate students on topics broadly related to international security and national security policy. JSS provides participants a unique opportunity to receive feedback on their research in progress from other graduate students and Cato scholars.Paper topics may include but are not limited to U.S. foreign policy, grand strategy, civil ‐​military relations, alliances and security institutions, diplomatic history, emerging technology, arms control, and nuclear deterrence. Papers that lin...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 10, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Eric Gomez Source Type: blogs

OSHA Vax Mandate on the Ropes
Ilya ShapiroAfter a  bizarre (and long) set of Supreme Court arguments on two of the recent federal vaccine mandates, the most likely outcome is that the rule affecting private businesses will be blocked while that affecting healthcare providers receiving federal funds will be allowed to go into effect pending further litigation. That is, there seem to be six votes to stay the private‐​sector mandate because it goes beyond the power Congress gave OSHA (without reaching the issue of Congress can properly grant that power), while a majority either seem comfortable with the healthcare‐​worker mandate or mi g...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 7, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Ilya Shapiro Source Type: blogs

What Do Cryptocurrencies Mean for Liberty?
ConclusionSo, what do cryptocurrencies mean for liberty?Cryptocurrencies offer a new range of choices and opportunities that never before existed. They offer protections for financial privacy that should be already offered by the Fourth Amendment. They offer censorship resistance that protects individuals from authoritarian and overbearing governments, alike. They enhance the ability of individuals to enter reliable contracts. They improve the movement of wealth across the world. And overall, cryptocurrencies offer the opportunity for individuals to gain financial independence from the government.No two cryptocurrenciesare...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 7, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Nicholas Anthony Source Type: blogs

Friday Feature: Commonwealth Charter Academy
Colleen HroncichOne of the promises of charter schools was that their increased flexibility and autonomy would result in educational innovation. This has certainly borne out with the creation and flourishing of cyber charter schools. While online learning isn ’t for everyone, cyber charters open up new opportunities for many students. And it’s likely that the remote schooling experience would have been much worse across the board if not for the advances that have been made thanks to cyber charters.But even in a  sector founded on innovation, there are bound to be some schools that take it a step furth...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 7, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Colleen Hroncich Source Type: blogs

A Year after the Capitol Disgrace, Public Schooling ’s Unfulfilled Promise Is in Even Greater Focus
Neal McCluskeyIt has been a  year since the January 6, 2021, Capitol riot, and the failure of public schooling to do as promised by many of its advocates – unite diverse people and form them into “virtuous” American citizens – has only become more clear.I wrote in depth about the promise of public schooling, and failure to fulfill it, at length soon after the riot last year. You candive into that piece for detailed analysis. But one plank of what I  wrote bears further discussion:By trying to encompass diverse people, public schooling ends up fostering political and social conflicts which,...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 6, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Neal McCluskey Source Type: blogs

The Attack on the Capitol, One Year Later
Andy CraigOne year ago, a  mob of Trump supporters stormed the Capitol in a failed attempt to stop the certification of the 2020 election results. It was an unprecedented attack on the Constitution, incited by the incumbent president’s refusal to accept that the American people had voted him out of office. It was a mira cle more weren’t killed as Congress and the vice president were forced to flee amidst the chaos and violence. The attack came as the culmination of weeks of lawless efforts to subvert the election outcome, which Trump continues to maintain was stolen from him.In the immediate afte...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 6, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Andy Craig Source Type: blogs

Takeaways from the Elizabeth Holmes Verdict
Clark NeilyOn Monday, after seven days of deliberations, the jury in the Elizabeth Holmes case returned a verdict of guilty on four counts of defrauding investors in her Silicon Valley healthcare startup Theranos, not guilty on four counts of defrauding patients who received erroneous lab results from the company's supposedly revolutionary but defective blood-testing process, and no verdict on three remaining counts of fraud due to the jury's lack of unanimous agreement on those charges.There are several important takeaways from the Elizabeth Holmes prosecution, but one stands out above all others: Her trial showed our cri...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 5, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Clark Neily Source Type: blogs

Bipartisan Momentum Builds for Fixing the Electoral Count Act
Andy CraigThe past few days have seen a  flurry of advocacy and media coverage about calls to fix the Electoral Count Act. Scholars and experts across the political spectrum have joined the push to update the 19th century statute which outlines the process for casting and counting Electoral College votes. It is this law which governs, am ong other things, the joint session of Congress to certify the winner of each presidential election. Understandably, that’s on everyone’s mind as we approach the first anniversary of the attack on the Capitol, the tragic and grotesque culmination of the former president&rs...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 5, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Andy Craig Source Type: blogs

What If the Chicago Teachers Union Is Doing What Parents Want?
Neal McCluskeyYesterday, I  wrote that unionsshould not take the blame– or at least not as much as some would assign them – for school districts going virtual. It is likely that many parents would also prefer not to have in‐​person schooling as the Omicron COVID-19 variant runs through their communities. Last night, the Chicago Teachers Union – arguably the most infamous of teacher unions if you are not a union fan –voted to stay out of classrooms until the district hit several safety markers.Surely this is union power run amok?In one sense, yes: No union should dictate how education w...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 5, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Neal McCluskey Source Type: blogs

Sure, Blame Teacher Unions. But Not for Omicron Closures
Neal McCluskeyIt ’s a state of education affairs many people likely thought, and certainly all hoped, we would not return to. But as holiday breaks come to an end, millions of families are once again facing online‐​only instruction as schools try to cope with the Omicron strain of COVID-19.Are teacher unions to blame for this disappointing return to cyber ‐​education?Some folks, especially ontheRight, seem to think so. And they have a  case. Teacher unions, which represent the largest, most easily organized interest group in education, certainly fought hard to keep schools closed to in‐​person i...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 4, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Neal McCluskey Source Type: blogs

Keep Facial Recognition Away from COVID-19 Response
Matthew FeeneyAs we begin another year of the COVID-19 pandemic, you can be forgiven for feeling plenty of frustration. Across the world, governments have responded in a  variety of ways, with enough examples of incompetence and panic‐​mongering to fill a book. That millions of people across the world are hesitant to take effective vaccines and willing to believe nonsensical COVID-19 conspiracy theories only adds to the frustration. Lawmakers will undoubtedly continue to feel pressure from the public in 2022 to get the pandemic under control.This month, a  city in South Korea will begin a facial rec...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 4, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Matthew Feeney Source Type: blogs

Marxism, Leninism, and the Crackdown in Hong Kong
David BoazIn the week between Christmas and New Year ’s Day, Hong Kong police officersraided the office of the pro ‐​democracyStand News and arrested seven editors and board members. Two editors have been charged with conspiring “to publish and/​or reproduce seditious publications.”Also last week Jimmy Lai, the former publisher of the better ‐​known pro‐​democracy newspaper, Apple Daily, who was already in prison,was additionally charged with conspiracy to publish “seditious publications.” He had previously been charged with “conspiracy to collude with foreign forces”...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 4, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: David Boaz Source Type: blogs

Arizona Republic Report Leaves Out Important Details and Context On Universal Licensing
Jeffrey A. SingerThe Arizona Republic recently published a  report entitled, “Universal Licensing: Arizona opened the doors to less qualified workers ‐​the public bears the risk. ” In its investigation of Arizona’suniversal licensing recognition law enacted in 2019 —a reform so successful and popular that it is being emulated by more than a third of other states—it mentioned irrelevant incidents and presented out‐​of‐​context data to malign this bold and enlightened reform.The article begins and ends with a  heart‐​wrenching story about a California‐​lic...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 3, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey A. Singer Source Type: blogs

My Year ’s Worth Of Election Law Writing
Walter OlsonI just compiled this list for other purposes and figured I  might as well share it in light of the upcoming Jan. 6 anniversary. It’s a catalogue of my writings (together with a few podcasts) since November 2020 on topics of election law and process:“No, State Legislatures Aren’t Going To Override The Popular Vote on Presidential Electors” (Nov. 6, 2020)“The Framers Wisely Left Election Practice Decentralized” (Dec. 3, 2020)“Don’t Count On The Supreme Court To Hear Any Election Challenges” (Dec. 4, 2020)“Why Do Election Fraud Claims ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 3, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Walter Olson Source Type: blogs

Cato Files Brief in Major Supreme Court Case About Opioid Prescriptions: When Are Doctors Drug Dealers?
Trevor BurrusDr. Xiulu Ruan practiced medicine as a  board‐​certified pain specialist in Mobile, Alabama. His practice served almost 8,000 patients and employed 57 people. In 2016, he was indicted for unlawfully distributing controlled substances (opioids) and many related criminal charges. At his trial, the government argued that some of Dr. Ru an’s prescriptions fell “outside the usual course of treatment” and called numerous experts to testify to that claim. Dr. Ruan countered with his own experts who testified that his prescriptions were medically valid.A jury convicted Dr. Ruan based on jury...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - December 28, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Trevor Burrus Source Type: blogs

Reflections on Greenspan ’s “Irrational Exuberance” Speech after 25 Years
ConclusionMuch can be learned by reflecting on Greenspan ’s 1996 speech, especially given the global financial crisis of 2007–2009 and the current pandemic—both of which have increased the Fed’s power and weakened its independence. There is still no monetary rule to guide monetary policy, even as inflation has reared its head once more. What jumps out from Greenspan’s speech is how he posed a problem that the Fed never solved, and then made things worse.The New Year will test the Fed ’s resolve to taper QE, “normalize” interest rates, and slow inflation. With unprecedented fi...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - December 27, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: James A. Dorn Source Type: blogs

Biden ’s Vaccine Mandate Faces Supreme Court Scrutiny
David BoazRuth Marcus, deputy editorial page editor and columnist for the Washington Post,is very concernedthat the Supreme Court may strike down President Biden ’s attempt to create a nationwide vaccine mandate. But she’s too honest not to acknowledge that the order is skating on thin legal ice. She identifies the questions the Court will consider:Can federal agencies impose mandates using laws that were hardly designed with a  global health crisis in mind? Or must regulators wait for that authority to be made clear by Congress, which has proved itself increasingly incapable of governing?Good questio...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - December 27, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: David Boaz Source Type: blogs

FDA Finally Grants Patients Access to Molnupiravir
Jeffrey A. SingerYesterday the Food and Drug Administration gave emergency use authorization (EUA) to the antiviral drugPaxlovid,more than a  month after its manufacturer, Pfizer, submitted its application. This pill, if taken within the first few days of a  COVID-19 infection, has been found to be 89 percent effective in preventing progression of the disease to hospitalization. Clinical trials found no patients takingPaxlovid died from the virus.Seventy ‐​four days ago, Merck applied for an EUA for its antiviral molnupiravir. If taken in the first few days of COVID infection it is 30 percent effective in pre...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - December 23, 2021 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey A. Singer Source Type: blogs