How Common Are STIs?

Discussion Of the 30 different microbes which can be transmitted by sexual contact, 8 have the greatest incidence of transmitting disease. Four are curable (Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis and Trichomoniasis) and 4 are incurable at present (Hepatitis B, Herpes simplex virus (HSV), Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Human papillomavirus (HPV)). Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are important as they can cause: Increased rates of acquisition of other STIs (ie HSV and syphilis increase the rate of HIV infection acquisition) Pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility Stillbirth and neonatal death Neonatal morbidity including low-birth weight, prematurity, conjunctivitis, pneumonia, sepsis, and congenital abnormalities Genital cancer In high-income countries diagnosis usually includes laboratory testing and then treatment. Short-course antibiotic treatment for curable infections is effective. In low- and middle-income countries laboratory testing is often cost prohibitive and the diagnosis is made by syndromic management using symptoms and guidelines to direct care. Syndromic management is good as patients can be treated the same day, but the majority of STIs are not detected because patients are asymptomatic. Preventative vaccines for Hepatitis B and HPV have and are showing high prevention rates. Other vaccines are also being developed. Other interventions show that male circumcision decreases the risk of heterosexually transmitted HIV infection and may provide some ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Publication date: August–September 2018Source: Medicina Intensiva (English Edition), Volume 42, Issue 6Author(s): F.D. Martos-Benítez, A. Gutiérrez-Noyola, M. Badal, N.A. DietrichAbstractObjectivesTo determine the risk factors for severe acute respiratory failure requiring invasive mechanical ventilation (SARF-MV) and its effect upon clinical outcomes in critically ill cancer patients.DesignA retrospective cohort study was carried out.SettingA 12-bed oncological intensive care unit (ICU) from January 2014 to December 2015.PatientsA total of 878 consecutive cancer patients were included. Patients with an...
Source: Medicina Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
Publication date: August–September 2018Source: Medicina Intensiva (English Edition), Volume 42, Issue 6Author(s): A. Carmona-Bayonas, F. Gordo, C. Beato, J. Castaño Pérez, P. Jiménez-Fonseca, J. Virizuela Echaburu, J. Garnacho-MonteroAbstractCancer patients are a vulnerable group exposed to numerous and serious risks beyond cancer itself. In recent years, the prognosis of these individuals has improved substantially thanks to several advances such as immunotherapy, targeted molecular therapies, surgical techniques, or developments in support treatment. This coincides with the prolonged survival o...
Source: Medicina Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
SKIN cancer symptoms are triggered when skin cells start to divide uncontrollably. There are two main types of skin cancer, called melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer. Watch out for this major warning sign of skin cancer.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
A vaccine scandal in China, which has prompted angry reactions from citizens fed up with safety scares, is sending ripples across the local drug market and threatening Chinese ambitions to play a larger role in the global pharmaceutical space.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
Emma Neagu, now 14, from Toronto, was diagnosed with a form of bone cancer known as osteosarcoma in 2016. The teen endured nine months of grueling chemotherapy.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS These results revealed Stat3 is a new target of miR-125b-5p and revealed the mechanism of miR-125b-5p suppressing HypoT development. These findings provide a new target for HypoT therapy. PMID: 30027933 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
This article focused on the CML and epigenetic and clinical significance. An electronic search of peer-reviewed articles was systematically performed to obtain the relevant literature with the CINAHL, cancer, Google scholar, self-experience and PubMed databases. The keywords included leukemia, cancer, illness, epigenetic. The inclusion criteria for the reviews were that the documents were original quantitative research and published in English. Articles that were not directly relevant to the present objective were excluded. Current progress in molecular biology and bioinformatics offer novel promising experiments namely as...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research
Authors: Steckiewicz KP, Barcińska E, Woźniak M Abstract Nerve growth factor (NGF) is protein discovered by Rita Levi Montalcini in the 1950s. It plays a crucial role in the development of nervous system. NGF may be produced by a variety of cells even beyond nervous system. NGF modulate cell metabolism by binding to p75NTR and TrkA receptors. NGF is involved in psychological processes and may be the possible therapeutical agent for diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular diseases, which will be described in the article. PMID: 30030957 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research
This study describes the first use of PGD for GJB2 associated non-syndromic deafness in Iran. GJB2 donor splicing site IVS1+1G>A mutation analysis was performed using Sanger sequencing for a total of 71 Iranian families with at least 1 deaf child diagnosed with non-syndromic deafness. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) was performed, followed by PGD for a cousin couple with a 50% chance of having an affected child. Bi-allelic pathogenic mutations were found in a total of 12 families (~17 %); of which a couple was a PGD volunteer. The deaf woman in this family was homozygous and her husband was a carrier of the IVS1+1G>A ge...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research
BOWEL cancer symptoms occur when cells start to divide uncontrollably in the large intestine. Signs and symptoms can be observed in the toilet bowl, or through how someone is feeling. Watch out for these warning signs of colon cancer.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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