How Common Are STIs?

Discussion Of the 30 different microbes which can be transmitted by sexual contact, 8 have the greatest incidence of transmitting disease. Four are curable (Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis and Trichomoniasis) and 4 are incurable at present (Hepatitis B, Herpes simplex virus (HSV), Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Human papillomavirus (HPV)). Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are important as they can cause: Increased rates of acquisition of other STIs (ie HSV and syphilis increase the rate of HIV infection acquisition) Pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility Stillbirth and neonatal death Neonatal morbidity including low-birth weight, prematurity, conjunctivitis, pneumonia, sepsis, and congenital abnormalities Genital cancer In high-income countries diagnosis usually includes laboratory testing and then treatment. Short-course antibiotic treatment for curable infections is effective. In low- and middle-income countries laboratory testing is often cost prohibitive and the diagnosis is made by syndromic management using symptoms and guidelines to direct care. Syndromic management is good as patients can be treated the same day, but the majority of STIs are not detected because patients are asymptomatic. Preventative vaccines for Hepatitis B and HPV have and are showing high prevention rates. Other vaccines are also being developed. Other interventions show that male circumcision decreases the risk of heterosexually transmitted HIV infection and may provide some ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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PANCREATIC cancer symptoms are ’t usually present in the early stages of the disease, making it difficult to diagnose. However, symptoms may appear as the disease progresses, such as this common everyday problem.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
A study predicts one in ten new female cancer cases – around 23,000 a year – will be caused by excess weight by 2035, only 2,000 fewer than by tobacco.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Swiss drugmaker Roche upped its bet on personalized cancer treatment on Monday, saying it is now ready to sell a blood test around the world that can identify common gene mutations from solid tumors from a patient's blood.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
Cancer Research UK predicts excess weight will be linked to more cancers in women than tobacco in 25 years.
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Swiss drugmaker Roche upped its bet on personalized cancer treatment on Monday, saying it is now ready to sell a blood test around the world that can identify common cancer gene mutations from a patient's blood.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
OBESITY is outpacing smoking to become the biggest preventable cause of cancer among women within the next 25 years. By 2035, 10 per cent of cancers in women – 25,000 cases – could be caused by smoking, compared to nine per cent by excess weight.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Yu J, Hu M, Chen W, Wen Z Abstract BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the expression levels of mRNA of the B cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (BMI-1) and the WW domain-containing oxidoreductase (WWOX) genes and their protein products in tissues from patients with liver cancer with normal liver tissues from patients without liver cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS The liver cancer group (N=56) included patients with available tissue samples of histologically confirmed liver cancer. The control group (N=24) included histologically confirmed normal liver tissue samples. Im...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
(Natural News) Organ transplants are considered one of the greatest advances of modern medicine. It’s incredible to think that an organ that is no longer needed by one person can be placed into someone else’s body and give them a new lease on life. Of course, it’s also one of the riskiest medical procedures –...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
This study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with complications and/or graft failure in kidney transplant patients with sepsis. A total of 14,658 kidney transplant patients with sepsis, identified in the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database (data from 2005-2014), were included in the study and classified into three groups: patients without complications or graft failure/dialysis (Group 1), patients with complications only (Group 2), and patients with complications and graft failure/dialysis (Group 3). Multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted to evaluate factors associated with kidney transpla...
Source: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Bosn J Basic Med Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Cetintas S, Tezcan G, Tunca B, Egeli U, Gokgoz MS, Cecener G Abstract Distant organ tumor dissemination is a major cause of breast cancer-related deaths. In 2010, we analyzed the prognostic importance of the circulating tumor markers (CTM) cytokeratin (CK)19, CK20, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) in relation to the clinical and pathological characteristics of patients with breast cancer (BC). To assess the clinical utility of CK19, CK20 and EGFR in predicting distant metastasis and recurrence in BC, here we report 7-year follow-up results of 77 pa...
Source: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Bosn J Basic Med Sci Source Type: research
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