Johnson and Johnson pays hundreds of women in Scotland harmed by mesh implants
(Source: BMJ News)
Source: BMJ News - June 2, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

The impact of Oral Medicine ’s global efforts on advancing oral health care, discovery, and dissemination of best practices
Oral Medicine (OM) is often referred to as the interface between Dentistry and Medicine, and after years without formal specialty status in the United States, this discipline is now recognized as a specialty by the American Dental Association (ADA). One important aspect of this long journey on the part of the American Academy of Oral Medicine (AAOM) that led to specialty status was increased involvement with our colleagues in OM around the world. Most notably, in the mid-1980s, Professor Sir David Mason (University of Glasgow, Scotland) and Dr. (Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics)
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - June 2, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: David Mason Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

P152: Incidence of male breast cancer in Scotland over a twenty-five-year period (1992 - 2017)
Publication date: June 2020Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology, Volume 46, Issue 6Author(s): Robyn Reddington, Morgan Galer, Amanda Hagedorn, Ehab Husain, Ravi Sharma, Valerie Speirs, Yazan Masannat (Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO))
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - June 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

The Help for Hay Fever community pharmacy-based pilot randomised controlled trial for intermittent allergic rhinitis
npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine, Published online: 01 June 2020; doi:10.1038/s41533-020-0180-4The Help for Hay Fever community pharmacy-based pilot randomised controlled trial for intermittent allergic rhinitis (Source: npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine)
Source: npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Sarah Smith Terry Porteous Christine Bond Jill Francis Amanda J. Lee Richard Lowrie Graham Scotland Aziz Sheikh Mike Thomas Sally Wyke Lorraine Smith Source Type: research

The Help for Hay Fever community pharmacy-based pilot randomised controlled trial for intermittent allergic rhinitis.
Abstract Management of intermittent allergic rhinitis (IAR) is suboptimal in the UK. An Australian community pharmacy-based intervention has been shown to help patients better self-manage their IAR. We conducted a pilot cluster RCT in 12 Scottish community pharmacies to assess transferability of the Australian intervention. Trained staff in intervention pharmacies delivered the intervention to eligible customers (n = 60). Non-intervention pharmacy participants (n = 65) received usual care. Outcome measures included effect size of change in the mini-Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Qu...
Source: Primary Care - June 1, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Smith S, Porteous T, Bond C, Francis J, Lee AJ, Lowrie R, Scotland G, Sheikh A, Thomas M, Wyke S, Smith L Tags: NPJ Prim Care Respir Med Source Type: research

Art in my world: Exploring the visual art experiences in the everyday lives of young children and their impact on cultural capital
AbstractThis paper presents data from a unique longitudinal study exploring the visual art experiences of nine children in two Scottish primary schools. Using a theoretical lens of cultural capital, the study is focused on spaces where children experience visual art and the value of these experiences, using arts ‐informed, visual methods. While each child presented a particular insight, the findings question the value of current school visual art experience over other spaces. The findings also demonstrate the capacity of children to resist the control of cultural capital by adults, engaging with visual ar t on their own ...
Source: Children and Society - May 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Anna Robb, Divya Jindal ‐Snape, Susan Levy Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Empirical transfusion strategies for major hemorrhage in trauma patients: A systematic review
CONCLUSION This project demonstrates that there is no significant clarity regarding morbidity and mortality. As a preliminary recommendation, cryoprecipitate supplementation suggests more favorable mortality over the current protocol. Due to the limited sample populations, we recommend the inclusion of retrospective/prospective cohort studies to bolster the statistical power of any future reviews until randomized control trials of sufficient power are available. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Systematic review, Level III. (Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care)
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - May 29, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Source Type: research

Genotyping of Salmon Gill Poxvirus Reveals One Main Predominant Lineage in Europe, Featuring Fjord- and Fish Farm-Specific Sub-Lineages
Salmon gill poxvirus (SGPV) can cause serious gill disease in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and represents a significant problem to aquaculture industries in Northern Europe. Here, a single-tube multi-locus variable-number tandem-repeat (VNTR) analysis (MLVA) genotyping assay, targeting eight VNTR loci, was developed for studying the epizootiology of SGPV. Through MLVA typing of SGPV positive samples from 180 farmed and wild Atlantic salmon in Northern Europe, the first molecular population study of this virus was undertaken. Comparison of resulting MLVA profiles by cluster analysis revealed considerable micro-diversity...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - May 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Prostate cancer in Scotland: an evolutionary journey.
PMID: 32463751 [PubMed - in process] (Source: British Journal of Nursing)
Source: British Journal of Nursing - May 28, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Walker K Tags: Br J Nurs Source Type: research

Urinary tract infection prevention: evaluating Scotland's national hydration campaign.
This article puts the hydration campaign in the context of UTI prevention in Scotland, describes the first two stages of the campaign and provides an overview of the evaluation findings, which suggest that the campaign was received positively. PMID: 32463182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Older People)
Source: Nursing Older People - May 28, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: McNeish J, Mullings A Tags: Nurs Older People Source Type: research

Undergraduate medical education: a national survey of consultant radiologists.
CONCLUSION: This is the first national survey to assess the current role of Radiologists in teaching medical students. While most are teaching or want to teach, there is a large drop-off between current Scottish and previously reported UK median teaching hours. Engagement from Universities, Royal College of Radiologists and Health Boards is urgently needed to reverse this trend. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: This is the first national survey into the current role of Radiologists in undergraduate medical education. There is a large drop-off between current Scottish and previously reported UK median teaching hours. PMID: ...
Source: The British Journal of Radiology - May 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Chew C, O'Dwyer PJ Tags: Br J Radiol Source Type: research

UK plans to further ease lockdown as new case rate remains high
Despite the UK having far more new daily coronavirus cases than many other countries, further restrictions are expected to be lifted in England and Scotland (Source: New Scientist - Health)
Source: New Scientist - Health - May 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: research

Organ donation law and transplantation management in the UK
Pharmacists should be aware that the law around organ donation changed in England in May 2020 and will change in Scotland from March 2021, and should understand the implications this has on practice and for patients. (Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal)
Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal - May 26, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Access to Learning Opportunities for Residents in Care Homes: Reviewing the challenges and possibilities
Learning is a human right as set out in Article 26 (1) and (2) of the United Nations (UN) Declaration of Human Rights (1948) [1]. This citizen ’s right has been well documented, for example, in 1991, the UN stated that older people should have access to appropriate educational programmes [2] and nearly thirty years later, in 2019, the Scottish Government pledged to make education accessible to all ages [3]. Despite the wealth of compelli ng policy documents, some cited in this paper below, on the benefits of learning in later life and of the positive contribution that engagement in learning can make to healthy ageing...
Source: Maturitas - May 26, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Angela Kydd, Heather Fulford Source Type: research

Riluzole prescribing, uptake and treatment discontinuation in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Scotland
(Source: Journal of Neurology)
Source: Journal of Neurology - May 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Video consultation system could be offered to all Scottish community pharmacies
Community pharmacists in Scotland have begun trialling the ‘NHS Near Me’ video consultation service, and talks have taken place with the Scottish government on how the system could be deployed across community pharmacy. (Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal)
Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal - May 21, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 3640: Older Clients ’ Pathway through the Adaptation System for Independent Living in the UK
This study is aimed at examining blockages in the adaptation system in the United Kingdom (UK) and identifying practical ways to tackle them. It adopted a mixed-method sequential explanatory research strategy. A questionnaire survey was first conducted in all local authorities in England, Scotland and Wales. This was followed by individual interviews and a focus group with professionals and older clients. The study found that multiple organizations are involved during the delivery of housing adaptations; poor cooperation between them is a major barrier to a seamless service. The adaptation process involves five key stages;...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhou Oyegoke Sun Zhu Tags: Article Source Type: research

Genetic Algorithms as a Tool for Dosing Guideline Optimization: Application to Intermittent Infusion Dosing for Vancomycin in Adults
This paper demonstrates the use of a genetic algorithm (GA) for the optimization of a dosing guideline. GAs are well ‐suited to derive combinations of doses and dosing intervals that go into a dosing guideline when the number of possible combinations rule out the calculation of all possible outcomes. GAs also allow for different constraints to be imposed on the optimization process to safeguard the clinical feas ibility of the dosing guideline. In this work, we demonstrate the use of a GA for the optimization of intermittent vancomycin administration in adult patients. Constraints were placed on the dose strengths, the l...
Source: CPT: Pharmacometrics and Systems Pharmacology - May 20, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Pieter J. Colin, Douglas J. Eleveld, Alison H. Thomson Tags: Article Source Type: research

SNP marker development in Pinus sylvestris L. in stress-responsive genes characterized from Pinus cembra L. transcriptomes.
In this study novel PCR markers, based on stress responsive genes, were designed from the transcriptome of the haploxylon Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra L.) and tested for SNPs in the diploxylon Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). 84 primers were tested on P. sylvestris DNA samples originating from three different types of habitat. After sequencing and BLAST search of the amplified products, parts of 19 different candidate genes were analysed by considering the polymorphic sites, insertions/deletions as well as synonymous and non-synonymous SNPs. In a total of 3735 sites no indels, eight synonymous and 11 non-synonymous SNPs...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - May 19, 2020 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Köbölkuti ZA, Tóth EG, Jahn D, Heinze B, Höhn M Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research

Supporting the health library and information workforce
AbstractAs a prelude to his keynote speech at the forthcomingHealth Libraries Group conference, Sean McNamara, Head ofCILIP Scotland, provides an insight into the work being undertaken with health librarians in Scotland and considers howCILIP Scotland might support the health information sector in the coming years. (Source: Health Information and Libraries Journal)
Source: Health Information and Libraries Journal - May 17, 2020 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Sean McNamara Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Recurrent postmenopausal bleeding: a survey of practice among gynecologists in Scotland.
CONCLUSIONS: This survey highlights the need for a clinical guideline to address the wide variation in the management of recurrent PMB. PMID: 32403905 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Minerva Ginecologica)
Source: Minerva Ginecologica - May 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Minerva Ginecol Source Type: research

Incidence, Microbiology and Outcomes in Patient Hospitalized with Infective Endocarditis.
Conclusions: Despite changes in antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines, the crude incidence of infective endocarditis has remained stable. However, the incidence rate has doubled in the elderly. Positive blood cultures were observed in less than half of patients, with Staphylococcus aureus and enterococcus bacteremia associated with worse outcomes. PMID: 32410460 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Circulation)
Source: Circulation - May 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shah ASV, McAllister DA, Gallacher P, Astengo F, Pérez JAR, Hall J, Lee KK, Bing R, Anand A, Nathwani D, Mills NL, Newby DE, Marwick C, Cruden NL Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

Prevalence and Incidence of Atopic Dermatitis: A Systematic Review.
ing; Abstract The primary objective of this study was to systematically review and analyse epidemiological studies of the prevalence and incidence of atopic dermatitis (AD) during childhood and adulthood, focusing on data from the 21st century. A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE and Google (manual search) was performed in June 2019, followed by data abstraction and study quality assessment (Newcastle-Ottawa Scale). Cross-sectional and longitudinal epidemiological studies of individuals with AD (doctor-diagnosed or standardized definition) were included. Of 7,207 references reviewed, 378 moderate/good-quality st...
Source: Acta Dermato-Venereologica - May 15, 2020 Category: Dermatology Authors: Bylund S, Kobyletzki LB, Svalstedt M, Svensson Å Tags: Acta Derm Venereol Source Type: research

Are Exercise Referral Schemes Associated With an Increase in Physical Activity? Observational Findings Using Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis From the National Referral Database.
CONCLUSIONS: Most participants undergoing ERSs are already "moderately active." Changes in PA behavior associated with participation are through increased moderate to vigorous PA and reduced sitting. However, this was insufficient to change the International Physical Activity Questionnaire category, and the participants were still "moderately active." PMID: 32396867 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - May 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Nurses step up to the challenge of working during the pandemic.
Abstract Chief Nursing Officers for Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and England Jean White, Charlotte McArdle, Fiona McQueen and Ruth May all agree that, although plans to mark International Nurses' Day are on hold, we must still find time to celebrate nurses across all specialties who have responded with speed and flexibility. PMID: 32407232 [PubMed - in process] (Source: British Journal of Nursing)
Source: British Journal of Nursing - May 14, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: White J, McArdle C, McQueen F, May R Tags: Br J Nurs Source Type: research

Re: “Total Surface Area Influences Stone Free Outcomes in Shock Wave Lithotripsy for Distal Ureteral Calculi” by Scotland et al. (J Endourol 2019;33(8):661–666; DOI: 10.1089/end.2019.0120)
Journal of Endourology,Volume 34, Issue 5, Page 640-640, May 2020. (Source: Journal of Endourology)
Source: Journal of Endourology - May 14, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Emre Karabay Nejdet Karsiyakali Source Type: research

Risk of Emergency Surgery or Death After Nonoperative Management of Diverticulitis
This study investigates patient management and outcomes after an index inpatient episode of nonoperatively managed complicated diverticulitis in Switzerland and Scotland and examines whether interval resection was associated with the rate of disease-specific emergency surgery or death. (Source: JAMA Surgery)
Source: JAMA Surgery - May 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 3394: Evaluation of Minimum Unit Pricing of Alcohol: A Mixed Method Natural Experiment in Scotland
hipton Neil Craig In May 2018, Scotland became the first country in the world to implement minimum unit pricing (MUP) for all alcoholic drinks sold in licensed premises in Scotland. The use of a Sunset Clause in the MUP legislation was a factor in successfully resisting legal challenges by indicating that the final decision on a novel policy would depend on its impact. An overarching evaluation has been designed and the results will provide important evidence to inform the parliamentary vote on the future of MUP in Scotland. The evaluation uses a mixed methods portfolio of in-house, commissioned, and separately funde...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - May 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Clare Beeston Mark Robinson Lucie Giles Elinor Dickie Jane Ford Megan MacPherson Rachel McAdams Ruth Mellor Deborah Shipton Neil Craig Tags: Article Source Type: research

A virtual children's hospice in response to COVID-19: The Scottish experience
This case report describes a pediatric hospice provider in Scotland and their experience implementing a telehospice program in response to COVID-19. Children ’s Hospices Across Scotland (CHAS) is the only provider of pediatric hospice care in the entire of Scotland, and we describe their experience offering pediatric telehospice. CHAS had strategically planned to implement telehospice, but COVID-19 accelerated the process. The organization evaluated it s pediatric clinical and wrap-around hospice services and rapidly migrated them to a virtual environment. (Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management)
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - May 13, 2020 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Kirsteen Ellis, Lisa C. Lindley Tags: COVID-19 for Fast Track Publication Source Type: research

Evaluation of the impact of pharmacist polypharmacy reviews within the Govan Social and Healthcare Integration Partnership (SHIP) project
Providing pharmacist-led medicines reviews to patients in one of the most deprived areas in Scotland to reduce the health inequality gap. (Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal)
Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal - May 12, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Economic Evaluation of Senshio ® (Ospemifene) for the Treatment of Vulvovaginal Atrophy in Scotland
ConclusionOspemifene is a cost-effective intervention that has recently been accepted by the SMC for the treatment of postmenopausal women with moderate to severe VVA who are not candidates for local oestrogen. (Source: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy)
Source: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy - May 11, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Evaluating and Treating Foot and Ankle Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Publication date: Available online 8 May 2020Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle SurgeryAuthor(s): D. Scot Malay (Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - May 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Genetic algorithms as a tool for dosing guideline optimisation: application to intermittent infusion dosing for vancomycin in adults
This article demonstrates the use of a genetic algorithm (GA) for the optimisation of a dosing guideline. GAs are well suited to derive combinations of doses and dosing intervals that go into a dosing guideline when the number of possible combinations rule out the calculation of all possible outcomes. GAs also allow for different constraints to be imposed on the optimization process to safeguard the clinical feasibility of the dosing guideline. In this work, we demonstrate the use of a GA for the optimisation of intermittent vancomycin administration in adult patients. Constraints were placed on the dose strengths, the len...
Source: CPT: Pharmacometrics and Systems Pharmacology - May 8, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Pieter J. Colin, Douglas J. Eleveld, Alison H. Thomson Tags: ARTICLE Source Type: research

Evaluating and Treating Foot and Ankle Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic
The fear of becoming infected with the SARS-Cov-2 virus, and developing COVID-19, has driven many of us to seriously consider which patients need to be seen in the office. In our practice, we are following our health system's guidelines so we restricted office visits to only those patients with urgent or emergent conditions, including those with wounds and injuries, infections, and other acutely painful, “limb-threatening” conditions. Because my schedule has been booked solid for many weeks in advance, I have taken to inspecting the upcoming appointments at least a week prior to the scheduled visits, so that I ...
Source: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - May 7, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: D. Scot Malay Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Physical Activity, Mental and Personal Well-Being, Social Isolation, and Perceptions of Academic Attainment and Employability in University Students: The Scottish and British Active Students Surveys.
CONCLUSIONS: UK university students are insufficiently active compared with the general population of 16- to 24-year olds. Yet, students with higher PA report better outcomes for mental and personal well-being, social isolation, and perceptions of academic attainment and employability. PMID: 32369765 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - May 6, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

L-Thyroxine Therapy for Older Adults With Subclinical Hypothyroidism and Hypothyroid Symptoms: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Trial.
Conclusion: In older adults with SCH and high symptom burden at baseline, L-thyroxine did not improve hypothyroid symptoms or tiredness compared with placebo. Primary Funding Source: European Union FP7. PMID: 32365355 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Internal Medicine)
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - May 5, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: de Montmollin M, Feller M, Beglinger S, McConnachie A, Aujesky D, Collet TH, Ford I, Gussekloo J, Kearney PM, McCarthy VJC, Mooijaart S, Poortvliet RKE, Quinn T, Stott DJ, Watt T, Westendorp R, Rodondi N, Bauer DC Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research

COVID-19 LATEST: Scottish death-in-service payments will include community pharmacy staff
All the most important developments in the COVID-19 pandemic for pharmacists and their teams, as they happen. (Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal)
Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal - May 4, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

A Systematic Review on Balance Performance in Patients With Bilateral Vestibulopathy.
CONCLUSIONS: During clinical assessment to quantify balance control in patients with BVP, tasks involving multisensory perturbations should be implemented in the test protocol. IMPACT: As patients with BVP show difficulties with movement strategies, control of dynamics, orientation in space and cognitive processing, clinicians should implement these aspects of balance control in their assessment protocol to fully comprehend the balance deficits in these patients. PMID: 32367131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physical Therapy)
Source: Physical Therapy - May 4, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Herssens N, Verbecque E, McCrum C, Meijer K, van de Berg R, Saeys W, Vereeck L, Van Rompaey V, Hallemans A Tags: Phys Ther Source Type: research

Neuroprotection Care Bundle Implementation to Decrease Acute Brain Injury in Preterm Infants
To assess the impact of an evidence-based neuroprotection care (NPC) bundle on the risk of brain injury in extremely preterm infants. (Source: Pediatric Neurology)
Source: Pediatric Neurology - May 3, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Prashanth Murthy, Hussein Zein, Sumesh Thomas, James N. Scott, Ayman Abou Mehrem, Michael J. Esser, Abhay Lodha, Cathy Metcalfe, Derek Kowal, Leigh Irvine, Jillian Scotland, Lara Leijser, Khorshid Mohammad Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Impact of geography on Scottish cancer diagnoses in primary care: Results from a national cancer diagnosis audit
Publication date: June 2020Source: Cancer Epidemiology, Volume 66Author(s): Peter Murchie, Rosalind Adam, Wei Lynn Khor, Sarah Smith, Emma McNair, Ruth Swann, Jana Witt, David Weller (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - May 1, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Measuring for change: A multi-centre pre-post trial of an air quality feedback intervention to promote smoke-free homes.
This study evaluates a novel air quality feedback intervention using remote air quality monitoring with SMS and email messaging to promote smoke-free homes among families from deprived areas. METHODS: This paper presents a pre-post study of this intervention. Using internet connected monitors developed with the Dylos DC1700, daily SMS and weekly email feedback provided for 16 days to participants recruited in four European countries. Participants were recruited based on their stage of change, in order to target those most able to achieve smoke-free homes. The primary outcome measure was median change in mean fine...
Source: Environment International - May 1, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Dobson R, O'Donnell R, Tigova O, Fu M, Enríquez M, Fernandez E, Carreras G, Gorini G, Verdi S, Borgini A, Tittarelli A, Veronese C, Ruprecht A, Vyzikidou V, Tzortzi A, Vardavas C, Semple S, TackSHS investigators Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Covid-19: Scotland recommends face coverings, but England does not follow suit
(Source: BMJ News)
Source: BMJ News - April 30, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

COVID-19, Pandemic, and Social Distancing
March 17, 2020 (Source: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - April 29, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: D. Scot Malay Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

COVID-19, Pandemic, and Social Distancing
Publication date: May–June 2020Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Volume 59, Issue 3Author(s): D. Scot Malay (Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - April 29, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Secondary attachment and mental health in Pakistani and Scottish adolescents: A moderated mediation model
ConclusionsThe cross ‐cultural evidence suggests that alongside primary attachment, it is important to target secondary attachment through coping strategies, in order to enhance psychological well‐being and lessen psychological distress in adolescents.Practitioner points Secondary attachment plays a different role from primary attachment in adolescents. Therefore, it is important to target both primary attachment and secondary attachment security to enhance psychological well ‐being and lessen psychological distress. Cross‐cultural differences in coping suggest that differential strategies to target different co...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - April 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Somia Imran, Angus MacBeth, Ethel Quayle, Stella W.Y. Chan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Deaths: David Wood
On 12 April 2020,  David Wood MRPharmS, aged 66 years, of Lanarkshire, Scotland. Dr Wood registered with the Society in 1976.  (Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal)
Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal - April 28, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Droplet-vitrification of Aranda Broga Blue orchid: Role of ascorbic acid on the antioxidant system and genetic fidelity assessments via RAPD and SCoT markers
Publication date: June 2020Source: Biotechnology Reports, Volume 26Author(s): Soo Ping Khor, Lit Chow Yeow, Ranjetta Poobathy, Rahmad Zakaria, Bee Lynn Chew, Sreeramanan Subramaniam (Source: Biotechnology Reports)
Source: Biotechnology Reports - April 28, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Exploratory analysis of age and sex dependent DNA methylation patterns on the X-chromosome in whole blood samples
AbstractBackgroundLarge numbers of autosomal sites are found differentially methylated in the aging genome. Due to analytical difficulties in dealing with sex differences in X-chromosome content and X-inactivation (XCI) in females, this has not been explored for the X chromosome.MethodsUsing data from middle age to elderly individuals (age 55+  years) from two Danish cohorts of monozygotic twins and the Scottish Lothian Birth Cohort 1921, we conducted an X-chromosome-wide analysis of age-associated DNA methylation patterns with consideration of stably inferred XCI status.ResultsThrough analysing and comparing sex-sp...
Source: Genome Medicine - April 28, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research