Angela Timoney becomes first pharmacist to chair Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network council
Angela Timoney, a fellow of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society, has become the first pharmacist to chair the  Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network council. (Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal)
Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal - June 24, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Epilepsia partialis continua complicated by disseminated tuberculosis and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis: a case report
ConclusionsThis combination of pathologies is unusual, and this case report helps educate clinicians on how such a patient may present and be managed. A lack of evidence surrounding the coexpression of this triad may represent absolute rarity, underdiagnosis, or incomplete case ascertainment due to early death caused by untreated tuberculosis or hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Further research is needed. (Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports)
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - June 24, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Associations between Dietary Inflammatory Index Scores and Inflammatory Biomarkers Among Older Adults in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 Study
ConclusionThese results are consistent with the ability of the DII to predict inflammatory biomarker concentrations and suggest that diet plays a role in the regulation of inflammation, even after controlling for potential confounders. This validation study provides support for using the DII in research among older populations. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Recovery and self-identity development following a first episode of psychosis
Journal of Public Mental Health, Ahead of Print. Purpose The onset of psychosis typically develops during adolescence, a crucial period for beginning the transition from family to independence and developing a stable sense of self. Recovery amongst adolescents experiencing early onset psychosis has not yet been investigated with reference to its influence on self-identity. The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact living with early onset psychosis has on self-identity for adolescents in recovery. Design/methodology/approach A purposive sample of ten adolescents aged between 16 and 18 years from an Early Interventi...
Source: Journal of Public Mental Health - June 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Nutrition Interventions in Pediatric Pancreatitis: Guidelines We Can Trust
Conclusions: Pediatric pancreatitis guidelines appear heterogenous in quality, rigour, and transparency. Our study points out existing gaps and biases in the CPGs, and delineates the need for improving the domains identified as being of low-quality. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - June 23, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Pancreatology Source Type: research

Best Practice in Ultrasound-Guided Internal Jugular Vein Cannulation: The Debate Echoes On
THE DISCOVERY OF ultrasound dates to the 1790s when Lazzaro Spallanzani suspected that bats were using non-audible sounds for echolocation. Almost 2 centuries later, in the 1950s, medicine caught up with Spallanzani when physicians at the University of Glasgow in Scotland developed a prototype ultrasound that was based on an instrument used to detect industrial flaws in ships.1 In 1991, a series of case reports were published detailing the novel use of echocardiography to guide internal jugular vein cannulation. (Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia)
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - June 22, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Brigid C. Flynn, Jason Mensch Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Untidy shelves among causes of medicine dispensing errors
“Untidy shelves, replacing split strips of tablets back into open boxes of the wrong strength and self-checking prescriptions,” were among the factors causing almost a quarter of medication errors in independent community pharmacies in Scotland. (Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal)
Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal - June 21, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Tetravalent biepitopic targeting enables intrinsic antibody agonism of tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily members
. (Source: mAbs)
Source: mAbs - June 21, 2019 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Yanli Yang Sherry H. Yeh Shravan Madireddi Wadim L. Matochko Chen Gu Patricia Pacheco Sanchez Mark Ultsch Gladys De Leon Boenig Seth F. Harris Brandon Leonard Suzie J. Scales Jing W. Zhu Erin Christensen Julie Q. Hang Randall J. Brezski Scot Marsters Avi Source Type: research

What ’s citizenship got to do with mental health? Rationale for inclusion of citizenship as part of a mental health strategy
Journal of Public Mental Health, Ahead of Print. Purpose People with lived experience of mental health problems (MHPs) are often marginalised and have difficulty achieving community inclusion. Citizenship, a relatively novel concept in mental health, provides a means of understanding what is necessary for marginalised individuals and groups to gain a sense of belonging within their communities. By exploring the “what, why, how and who” of citizenship, the purpose of this paper is to provide a rationale for the inclusion of citizenship as part of a person-centred and holistic mental health strategy. Design/metho...
Source: Journal of Public Mental Health - June 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Alcohol sales fall in Scotland a year after minimum pricing took effect
(Source: BMJ News)
Source: BMJ News - June 19, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Comparing flow cytometry with culture-based methods for microbial monitoring and as a diagnostic tool for assessing drinking water treatment processes.
In this study, water quality monitoring was undertaken over three years across 213 drinking water treatment works (WTW) in the Scottish Water region (Total n = 39,340). Samples subject to routine regulatory microbial analysis using culture-based methods were also analysed using FCM. In addition to final treated water, the bacterial content in raw water was measured over a one-year period. Three WTW were studied in further detail using on-site inter-stage sampling and analysis with FCM. It was demonstrated that there was no clear link between FCM data and the coliform samples taken for regulatory monitoring. The disinfe...
Source: Environment International - June 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cheswick R, Cartmell E, Lee S, Upton A, Weir P, Moore G, Nocker A, Jefferson B, Jarvis P Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Prescribing trends of inhaler treatments for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease within a resource-constrained environment in the Scottish national health service: findings and implications.
Conclusion: Challenges with using and changing inhalers has meant this market has not followed other high-volume drug classes following patent loss. This is starting to change, with the situation monitored to enhance efficient prescribing alongside continued good quality care. PMID: 31189394 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine)
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - June 15, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research

Me and my telescope
Publication date: 15 June 2019Source: New Scientist, Volume 242, Issue 3234Author(s): David ReayClimate scientist David Reay studies how to reduce global carbon emissions. He is also working to make his entire life carbon neutral on a farm in western Scotland (Source: New Scientist)
Source: New Scientist - June 15, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

General Practice Nurse education in Scotland - now and in the future.
Authors: Innes L Abstract General practice is changing in Scotland with a new GP contract transforming how health care will be delivered in the future. These changes and developments are supportive of general practice nurses (GPNs) enabling their transformation into a new role of expert nursing generalists. GPNs are core members of the primary care team and are therefore fundamental to the future of General Practice. With over half of all GPNs in Scotland being over the age of 50 years or over the profession faces challenges to sustain the workforce. In consideration of this, the Scottish Government and NHS Educati...
Source: Education for Primary Care - June 15, 2019 Category: Primary Care Tags: Educ Prim Care Source Type: research

Transitions to greater legume inclusion in cropland: Defining opportunities and estimating benefits for the nitrogen economy
A transition to greater legume inclusion in cropland, with all the associated environmental benefits, relies on there being space for expansion, limited conflict with existing profitable crops, and limited competition between legumes types and products. Here, data from the EU's Integrated Administration and Control System were combined with national survey to estimate, for a case study region in eastern Scotland, current legume inclusion, the scope for expansion of grain legumes, and the associated savings of mineral nitrogen. AbstractGrain legumes have declined to a low base in many regions of intensified agriculture yet ...
Source: Food and Energy Security - June 14, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Geoffrey R. Squire, Nora Quesada, Graham S. Begg, Pietro P. M. Iannetta Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Arthroplasty and global research output: A bibliometric analysis
ConclusionThere has been a substantial increase in worldwide publications relating to arthroplasty. The USA has produced the largest volume whilst Denmark has produced the highest quality publications. When output was normalized according to population and GDP, Switzerland and Scotland ranked highest. (Source: Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - June 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Variation in acute and community service provision of care of the elderly services across Scotland: findings from the Scottish Care of Older People (SCoOP) initial scoping survey.
CONCLUSIONS: This report clearly demonstrates mismatch between workforce and services in both acute and community settings in the context of the population size. Future surveys will build on this preliminary information to audit service provision for older people at an individual hospital level. PMID: 31188337 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh)
Source: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh - June 13, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J R Coll Physicians Edinb Source Type: research

Scotland agrees on new opt-out organ donation system
(Source: BMJ News)
Source: BMJ News - June 13, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Rising opioid-related deaths in England and Scotland must be recognised as a public health crisis
Publication date: Available online 11 June 2019Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Jo Kimber, Matt Hickman, John Strang, Kyla Thomas, Sharon Hutchinson (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - June 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Biologic injection for severe asthma approved in Scotland
A biologic injection intended for the treatment of severe eosinophilic asthma has been accepted for restricted use by the Scottish Medicines Consortium, providing another option for patients who fail to respond to other treatments. (Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal)
Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal - June 12, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Programmed Death-1 or Programmed Death Ligand-1 Blockade in Patients with Platinum-resistant Metastatic Urothelial Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
ConclusionsOur RMST estimates may be used as benchmarks to contextualize survival outcomes and inform future trial design with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors. PD-1 versus PD-L1 blockade in patients with mUC yields comparable survival outcomes.Patient summaryIn this study, we found that outcomes for patients with metastatic bladder cancer treated with programmed death-1 and programmed death ligand-1 inhibitors, who received prior platinum-based chemotherapy, were similar. (Source: European Urology)
Source: European Urology - June 12, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Surgery, Complications, and Quality of Life: A Longitudinal Cohort Study Exploring the Role of Psychosocial Factors
Objective: To determine whether psychosocial factors moderate the relationship between surgical complications and quality of life (QoL). Background: Patients who experience surgical complications have significantly worse postoperative QoL than patients with an uncomplicated recovery. Psychosocial factors, such as coping style and level of social support influence how people deal with stressful events, but it is unclear whether they affect QoL following a surgical complication. These findings can inform the development of appropriate interventions that support patients postoperatively. Methods: This is a longitudina...
Source: Annals of Surgery - June 12, 2019 Category: Surgery Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

3D Wrap < sup > TM < /sup > Ultra-Widefield Reconstruction in Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Choroidal Melanoma
Choroidal melanoma (CM) is the most commonly diagnosed primary intraocular malignancy in adults. Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKR) has demonstrated reliable results in the treatment of CM, but it is limited by the risk of radiation-induced ocular complications. To optimize the dose of radiation focused on the tumor, and limit side effects, the eye should be properly immobilized before treatment. A recently released ultra-widefield imaging instrument (Optomap California; Optos, Dunfermline, Scotland, UK) allows for an interactive three-dimensional (3D) virtual reconstruction of the globe, called 3D WrapTM. The authors share th...
Source: Ocular Oncology and Pathology - June 12, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Variability of Amnesic Shellfish Toxin and Pseudo-nitzschia occurrence in bivalve molluscs and water samples–Analysis of ten years of the official control monitoring programme
Publication date: July 2019Source: Harmful Algae, Volume 87Author(s): Stephanie Rowland-Pilgrim, Sarah C. Swan, Alison O’Neill, Sarah Johnson, Lewis Coates, Patrycja Stubbs, Karl Dean, Rachel Parks, Keith Harrison, Mickael Teixeira Alves, Alison Walton, Keith Davidson, Andrew D. Turner, Benjamin H. MaskreyAbstractAs the official control laboratory for marine biotoxins within Great Britain, the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, in conjunction with the Scottish Association for Marine Science, has amassed a decade’s worth of data regarding the prevalence of the toxins associated with Amnes...
Source: Harmful Algae - June 12, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Clinical Metagenomic Sequencing for Diagnosis of Meningitis and Encephalitis
New England Journal of Medicine,Volume 380, Issue 24, Page 2327-2340, June 2019. (Source: New England Journal of Medicine)
Source: New England Journal of Medicine - June 12, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Michael R. Wilson Hannah A. Sample Kelsey C. Zorn Shaun Arevalo Guixia Yu John Neuhaus Scot Federman Doug Stryke Benjamin Briggs Charles Langelier Amy Berger Vanja Douglas S. Andrew Josephson Felicia C. Chow Brent D. Fulton Joseph L. DeRisi Jeffrey M. Gel Source Type: research

Regional variation in the incidence rate and sex ratio of multiple sclerosis in Scotland 2010 –2017: findings from the Scottish Multiple Sclerosis Register
AbstractBackgroundFifteen regional studies published over the last six decades surveying prevalence, mortality and hospital admissions have suggested that Scotland is amongst the highest risk nations for multiple sclerosis (MS) in the world. However, substantial intranational variation in rates (between regions) has been described in numerous countries, including in the only previous Scottish national survey, which used hospital admission data, to address this issue. Against this backdrop, the Scottish Multiple Sclerosis Register (SMSR) was established in 2010 to prospectively collect nationally comprehensive incidence dat...
Source: Journal of Neurology - June 11, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Changes in resistance among coliform bacteraemia associated with a primary care antimicrobial stewardship intervention: A population-based interrupted time series study
ConclusionsIn this population-based study in Scotland, compared to prior trends, there were very large reductions in community broad-spectrum antimicrobial use associated with the stewardship intervention. In contrast, changes in resistance among coliform bacteraemia were more modest. Prevention of resistance through judicious use of new antimicrobials may be more effective than trying to reverse resistance that has become established. (Source: PLoS Medicine)
Source: PLoS Medicine - June 7, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Virginia Hernandez-Santiago Source Type: research

Linkage of social care and hospital admissions data to explore non-delivery of planned home care for older people in Scotland
This study demonstrates untapped potential for innovative research into the quality of social care and effects on health outcomes. Originality/value Non-delivery of planned home care, for whatever reason, is associated with emergency hospital admission; this could be a useful indicator of vulnerable clients needing increased surveillance. (Source: Quality in Ageing and Older Adults)
Source: Quality in Ageing and Older Adults - June 7, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Ten years of ENT Scotland meetings: an appraisal of the publication rates of trainee-presented scientific papers.
CONCLUSION: Presentations at the ENT Scotland meetings undergo unbiased peer review and are as likely to be published as those of other conferences. PMID: 31155013 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - June 5, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Details matter: Physician responses to multiple payments for the same activity
Publication date: Available online 3 June 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Yan Feng, Hugh GravelleAbstractThe UK Quality and Outcomes Framework rewards general practices for achieving quality indicators for chronic disease management. Some indicators are multi-rewarded. For example, there are indicators for controlling blood pressure for patients with diabetes and for patients with chronic heart disease. Thus if a patient has diabetes and heart disease the practice is rewarded twice for controlling her blood pressure. Other indicators are singly rewarded: the incentivised activity is only for patients wi...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - June 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Nimbosphaera Rothwellii Nov. Gen. et Sp., an Enigmatic Microfossil Enveloped in a Prominent Sheath from the Lower Devonian Windyfield Chert, Scotland
International Journal of Plant Sciences, Ahead of Print. (Source: International Journal of Plant Sciences)
Source: International Journal of Plant Sciences - June 4, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Carla J. Harper Michael Krings Source Type: research

Barriers and facilitators to implementing the Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool in a community palliative care setting.
Abstract Family carers play a central role in community-based palliative care. However, caring for a terminally ill person puts the carer at increased risk of physical and mental morbidity. The Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool (CSNAT) enables comprehensive assessment of carer support needs. The present study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to implementing the CSNAT in a community specialist palliative care service. Semi-structured interviews with 12 palliative care nurse specialists from two community nursing teams in Lothian, Scotland, June 2017. Data was audio-recorded, transcribed and analysed. P...
Source: British Journal of Community Nursing - June 2, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Horseman Z, Milton L, Finucane A Tags: Br J Community Nurs Source Type: research

CPD preferences and activities of general practitioners, registered pharmacy staff and general practice nurses in NHS Scotland - a questionnaire survey.
Authors: Cunningham DE, Alexander A, Luty S, Zlotos L Abstract In the United Kingdom, taking part in continuing professional development (CPD) is required for revalidation for general practitioners, general practice nurses and registered pharmacy staff - pharmacists and pharmacy technicians. The literature has many research studies which describe one profession's activities, or a specific learning method or topic. Few studies compared the CPD preferences across these four professional groups or compared their CPD activity. A survey was designed by the authors with assistance from colleagues within NHS Educatio...
Source: Education for Primary Care - June 1, 2019 Category: Primary Care Tags: Educ Prim Care Source Type: research

Translation initiation codon (ATG) or SCoT markers-based polymorphism study within and across various Capsicum accessions: insight from their amplification, cross-transferability and genetic diversity.
This study suggests the effectiveness of SCoT marker system for characterizing and assessing genetic diversity of Capsicum germplasm, which can be used for evolutionary studies and to identify agronomically important traits. PMID: 31204703 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Genetics)
Source: Journal of Genetics - June 1, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Gupta V, Jatav PK, Haq SU, Verma KS, Kaul VK, Kothari SL, Kachhwaha S Tags: J Genet Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1906: Device-Measured Desk-Based Occupational Sitting Patterns and Stress (Hair Cortisol and Perceived Stress)
Conclusions: Desk-based sitting patterns in the workplace may not be related to stress when using HCL as a biomarker of chronic stress or PS. The relationship between sitting patterns and stress therefore requires further investigation. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - May 30, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gemma C. Ryde Gillian Dreczkowski Iain Gallagher Ross Chesham Trish Gorely Tags: Article Source Type: research

The Predictive Validity of the HCR20v3 within Scottish Forensic Inpatient Facilities: A Closer Look at Key Dynamic Variables
. (Source: International Journal of Forensic Mental Health)
Source: International Journal of Forensic Mental Health - May 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kerry Johanna Smith Suzanne O ’Rourke Gary Macpherson Source Type: research

How community resources mitigate the association between household poverty and the incidence of adverse childhood experiences
AbstractObjectivesTo assess what proportion of the association between household low income and incidence of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) would be eliminated if all households had access to housing, transportation and childcare services, breastfeeding counselling, and parks.MethodsUsing Growing Up in Scotland birth cohort data (N = 2816), an inverse probability-weighted regression-based mediation technique was applied to assess associations between low-income status (
Source: International Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1880: Local Alcohol Policy Implementation in Scotland: Understanding the Role of Accountability within Licensing
t Scotland has been ambitious in its policy and legislative efforts to tackle alcohol-related harm, efforts which include the innovative feature of a &amp;lsquo;public health objective&amp;rsquo; within local alcohol licensing. However, the persistence of alcohol-related harms and inequalities requires further examination of both the overarching Scottish alcohol strategy and its specific implementation. A qualitative case study was undertaken to explore how alcohol policy is implemented locally in Scotland, with data generated from (i) documentary analysis of 12 relevant policies, legislation, and guidance docu...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - May 28, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Alex Wright Tags: Article Source Type: research

Thoraflex Graft in an Inverted Position for Post-Dissection Thoracoabdominal Aneurysm
We present the off-label use of a Thoraflex Hybrid Plexus prosthesis (Vascutek, Renfrewshire, Scotland, UK) to treat a post-dissection type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAA) in a high-risk patient previously treated with a thoracic stent-graft for a chronic type B aortic dissection. The Thoraflex graft was used in a “reversed frozen elephant trunk” fashion: the stent graft portion deployed in the previously placed thoracic stent, and the branched portion used to revascularize visceral arteries and lower limbs. Our off-label use of the Thoraflex graft was technically successful. Further experiences are r...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 23, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

The system-wide impact of healthy eating: Assessing emissions and economic impacts at the regional level
In this study we use a multi-sectoral modelling framework to examine the environmental and economic impacts of such a dietary change, and illustrate this using a detailed model for Scotland. We find that if household food and drink consumption follows healthy eating guidelines, it would reduce both Scotland’s “footprint” and “territorial” emissions, and yet may be associated with positive economic impacts, generating a “double dividend” for both the environment and the economy. The economic impact however depends critically upon how households use the income previously spent on hig...
Source: Food Policy - May 23, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

The role of neuroticism in self-harm and suicidal ideation: results from two UK population-based cohorts
ConclusionsNeuroticism is an independent predictor of hospital-treated self-harm risk. Neuroticism and emotion-orientated coping styles are also predictive of suicidal ideation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Disproving junk science
Philosophers, scientists, and statisticians have debated for centuries whether and how one can prove a negative. We can take proving a negative to an extreme and state that you can never prove beyond reasonable doubt that something does not exist (eg, Nessie might still swim somewhere deep in Scotland ’s Loch Ness). However, this argument from ignorance, a claim that a proposition is true simply because it has not yet been proven false, is a logical fallacy of those who endorse “alternative facts,” alternative belief systems, or alternate universes. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - May 22, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Paul G. Fisher Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Effectiveness of behavioural interventions to reduce urinary tract infections and Escherichia coli bacteraemia for older adults across all care settings: a systematic review
ConclusionThe heterogeneity of studies means that one effective intervention cannot be recommended. We suggest that feedback should be considered because it facilitated reductions in UTI when used alone or in multi-faceted interventions including education, audit or catheter removal protocols. Multi-faceted education is likely to be effective. Catheter removal protocols, increased staffing, and patient education require further evaluation. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - May 22, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Prospective evaluation of glenoid bone loss after first-time and recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability events
Introduction: Determining the amount of glenoid bone loss in patients following anterior glenohumeral instability events is critical to guiding appropriate treatment. One of the challenges in managing shoulder instability in young athletes is the absence of clear data showing the impact of each event. The purpose of this study was to prospectively determine the amount of bone loss associated with a single instability event, in the setting of both first-time and recurrent instability. (Source: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery)
Source: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery - May 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Jonathan F. Dickens, Sean E. Slaven, Kenneth L. Cameron, Adam M. Pickett, Matthew Posner, Scot E. Campbell, Brett D. Owens Source Type: research

The legacy of industrial pollution in estuarine sediments: spatial and temporal variability implications for ecosystem stress
AbstractThe direct impacts of anthropogenic pollution are widely known public and environmental health concerns, and details on the indirect impact of these are starting to emerge, for example affecting the environmental microbiome. Anthropogenic activities throughout history with associated pollution burdens are notable contributors. Focusing on the historically heavily industrialised River Clyde, Scotland, we investigate spatial and temporal contributions to stressful/hostile environments using a geochemical framework, e.g. pH, EC, total organic carbon and potentially toxic elements: As, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn and enr...
Source: Environmental Geochemistry and Health - May 22, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

A multi-site survey of forensic nursing assessment
The Journal of Forensic Practice,Volume 21, Issue 2, Page 124-138, May 2019. Purpose A major difficulty identified many years ago in psychiatric care is the shortage of appropriate instruments with which to carry out valid and reliable therapeutic assessments which are behaviourally based and therefore appropriate for use in a variety of contexts. The aim of this project was to ascertain the utility of a forensic nursing risk assessment tool - Behavioural Status Index (BEST-Index). The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach A multi-site cross-sectional survey was undertaken using mixed method desig...
Source: Journal of Forensic Practice - May 22, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Scottish Pharmacy Board meeting: 24 April 2019
The Royal Pharmaceutical Society Scottish Pharmacy Board held their second meeting of 2019 at the Society ’s Edinburgh offices on 24 April 2019. (Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal)
Source: The Pharmaceutical Journal - May 21, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research