Merging the arts and sciences for collaborative sustainability action: a methodological framework
AbstractThis manuscript explores the possibilities and challenges of art –science integration in facilitating collaborative sustainability action in local settings. To date, much sustainability education is prescriptive, rather than participatory, and most integrated art–science programming aims for content learning, rather than societal change. What this means is th at learners are more often taught “what is” than invited to imagine “what if?” In order to envision and enact sustainable alternatives, there is a need for methods that allow community members, especially young people, to cr...
Source: Sustainability Science - April 2, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Analysing trade-offs and synergies between SDGs for urban development, food security and poverty alleviation in rapidly changing peri-urban areas: a tool to support inclusive urban planning
AbstractTransitional peri-urban contexts are frontiers for sustainable development where land-use change involves negotiation and contestation between diverse interest groups. Multiple, complex trade-offs between outcomes emerge which have both negative and positive impacts on progress towards achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These trade-offs are often overlooked in policy and planning processes which depend on top-down expert perspectives and rely on course grain aggregate data which does not reflect complex peri-urban dynamics or the rapid pace of change. Tools are required to address this gap, integrate d...
Source: Sustainability Science - April 2, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Graduate ability to show workplace sustainability leadership: demonstration of an assessment tool
AbstractInformation associated with the assessment of graduate attributes, in the workplace, is limited. Yet if the many environmental and social problems that confront communities are to be managed, we need to ensure that graduates, who have been exposed to sustainability insights through their studies, are applying those insights. To contribute to information for the future this paper reports the development, and trial, of a tool for the assessment of graduates ’ leadership regarding the inclusion of sustainability principles in their employment. Based on assessment literature, a tool was developed and applied to a...
Source: Sustainability Science - April 2, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Towards understanding interactions between Sustainable Development Goals: the role of environment –human linkages
AbstractOnly 10  years remain to achieve all Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) globally, so there is a growing need to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of action by targeting multiple SDGs. The SDGs were conceived as an ‘indivisible whole’, but interactions between SDGs need to be better understood . Several previous assessments have begun to explore interactions including synergies and possible conflicts between the SDGs, and differ widely in their conclusions. Although some highlight the role of the more environmentally-focused SDGs in underpinning sustainable development, none specifically f...
Source: Sustainability Science - April 1, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Problematic blue growth: a thematic synthesis of social sustainability problems related to growth in the marine and coastal tourism
AbstractMarine and coastal tourism constitutes one of the largest and fastest-growing segments in tourism. Growth in marine tourism is now furthered through the ‘blue growth’ imperative, which this article problematises. The paper argues that there are already existing sustainability issues related to the marine tourism sector. These problems could be exacerbated if growth is additionally boosted. Since the social sustainability consequences of the grow th of marine tourism are less known in the sustainability science literature, this paper thematically synthesises these types of sustainability problems in part...
Source: Sustainability Science - April 1, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Application of technology assessments to co-learning for regional transformation: a case study of biomass energy systems in Tanegashima
This study demonstrates that the holistic incorporation of scientific technology assessments into co-learning can help coordinate the collaboration between researchers and local stakeholders toward regional transformation. (Source: Sustainability Science)
Source: Sustainability Science - March 28, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Transdisciplinarity: science for and with society in light of the university ’s roles and functions
AbstractThe idea that universities should become entrepreneurial, commercialized, private commodities or should serve politicians and governmental agencies has been promoted by the university –industry–government relationship-based Triple Helix approach and is reality in many places. In contrast, a reemphasis on universities serving the public good has been demanded by proponents of transdisciplinary sustainability research. To better understand the tensions between public-good–ori ented approaches of transdisciplinarity and entrepreneurial, market-oriented Triple Helix and third-mission approaches of sci...
Source: Sustainability Science - March 28, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

The contribution of small-scale food production in urban areas to the sustainable development goals: a review and case study
We present new data from a case study of urban gardens and allotments in the city of Brighton and Hove, UK. Such urban and peri-urban landholdings tend to be small and labour-intensive, characterised by a high diversity of crops including perennials and annuals. Our data demonstrate that this type of agricultural system can be highly productive and that it has environmental and social advantages over industrial agriculture in that crops are usually produced using few synthetic inputs and are destined for local consumption. Overall, we conclude that food grown on small-scale areas in and near cities is making a significant ...
Source: Sustainability Science - March 28, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Selection of indicators as a tool for negotiating objectives and evaluating targets within participatory monitoring
AbstractInformation that is generated through the inclusion of different knowledge sources as a process of intensive negotiation, and mutual learning, is essential for adaptive co-management. To determine if participatory monitoring is fostering social learning and contributing to adaptive co-management, we propose a process of selection and assessment of environmental learning objectives and indicators. We draw from a case study regarding natural resources participatory monitoring in Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico. To guide the selection of indicators of advances in learning, we used the environmental citizenship framework. T...
Source: Sustainability Science - March 20, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Storylines for practice: a visual storytelling approach to strengthen the science-practice interface
AbstractA growing number of scientific publications is available to promote sustainable river management. However, these publications target researchers rather than water management professionals who are responsible for the implementation of management practices. To bridge this science-to-practice gap, we conceptualize and propose a series of steps to prepare effective storylines targeted at a practitioner audience. We developed this approach within a research program that supports integrated and collaborative river management. We prepared three storylines, each based on one scientific publication. The storylines combined ...
Source: Sustainability Science - March 18, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

On the feasibility of cropland and forest area expansions required to achieve long-term temperature targets
This study focused on the speed of expansions of land-use area related to the biomass-based NETs and assessed the feasibility of climate change mitigation scenar ios to achieve the temperature targets. Our model analysis shows that expansions at unprecedented speeds are required for total cropland area (including energy cropland) in Sub-Saharan Africa and for planted forest area for carbon sink in many regions in the next decades, under the assumption of glo bal least-cost measures for CO2 emission reduction. On the other hand, when the speed of the land-use expansions is limited as observed in the real world, the CO2 emis...
Source: Sustainability Science - March 9, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Correction to: Adapting global shared socio-economic pathways for national scenarios in Japan
Under the session “Quantifcation of the population”, the following sentence Population curves of Japan SSP1 and Japan SSP2 are close, because the diference between high fertility and medium setting is not remarkable by NIPSSR. (Source: Sustainability Science)
Source: Sustainability Science - March 7, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Homegarden commercialization: extent, household characteristics, and effect on food security and food sovereignty in Rural Indonesia
The objective of this study was to examine homegarden commercialization in the Upper Citarum Watershed of West Java, Indonesia, and its effects on food security and food sovereignty. We employed a mixed-method approach to survey 81 village households involved in agricultural production. For quantitative analysis, we calculated a “homegarden commercialization index,” and developed indicator frameworks to examine relationships between commercialization, household food security, and food-related decision-making. Accompanied by insights from qualitative interviews, our results show that homegardens are highly comme...
Source: Sustainability Science - March 2, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Research and policy priorities for edible insects
AbstractGlobal communities increasingly struggle to provide ample healthful food for growing populations in the face of social and environmental pressures. Insect agriculture is one underexplored and innovative approach. Sustainable cultivation of nutrient-dense edible insects could help boost food  access, support human nutrition, and mitigate key drivers of climate change. The edible insects industry is in its nascent stages, as relatively few entities have committed resources towards optimizing farming methods. Nevertheless, insect farming is poised to benefit food insecure populations, an d the planet as a whole i...
Source: Sustainability Science - March 1, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Re-imagining the driver –pressure–state–impact–response framework from an equity and inclusive development perspective
AbstractThe Driver –Pressure–State–Impact–Response (DPSIR) framework has been used by environmental agencies and others to assess environmental challenges and policy responses. However, in doing so, social justice or equity issues tend to come as an afterthought, while there is evidence that environmental chal lenges and policy responses are not equity (including gender-) neutral. Hence, this paper addresses the question: why should, and how can, equity issues and environmental justice be incorporated into the DPSIR framework? It presents a structure for including equity within DPSIR and applies it....
Source: Sustainability Science - March 1, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Evaluating core competencies and learning outcomes for training the next generation of sustainability researchers
AbstractThe need to train sustainability scientists and engineers to address the complex problems of our world has never been more apparent. We organized an interdisciplinary team of instructors from universities in the states of Maine, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island who designed, taught, and assessed a multi-university course to develop the core competencies necessary for advancing sustainability solutions. Lessons from the course translate across sustainability contexts, but our specific focus was on the issues and trade-offs associated with dams. Dams provide numerous water, energy, and cultural services to society whi...
Source: Sustainability Science - March 1, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Exploring enabling resources for place-based social entrepreneurship: a participatory study of Green Care practices in Finland
AbstractEnabling resources are the array of tangible and intangible assets that social entrepreneurs mobilize or create to bring forward novel place-based initiatives, to respond to unmet sustainability challenges and ideally contribute to virtuous processes of socio-economic transformation. Understanding the role of resources in constraining or enabling the development of social enterprises holds important implications not merely for the initiatives, but also for the places where they are embedded. Existing studies fail to provide a comprehensive, empirically grounded account of resources for place-based social entreprene...
Source: Sustainability Science - March 1, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

A community-engaged approach to transdisciplinary doctoral training in urban ecosystem services
AbstractCommunity-based projects with inclusive stakeholder engagement are increasingly important to achieve robust outcomes in the science and management of ‘wicked’ urban ecosystem service challenges. We summarize lessons learned from a transdisciplinary, team-based doctoral education program that engaged students in research on such multi-stakeholder, complex problems. The key lessons are (a) problem-based projects foster active student engagement and accelerate transdisciplinary analysis, (b) problems addressing more acute interventions by public or private organizations enable learning by clearly delineati...
Source: Sustainability Science - February 27, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

The political imaginaries of blockchain projects: discerning the expressions of an emerging ecosystem
AbstractThere is a wealth of information, hype around, and research into blockchain ’s ‘disruptive’ and ‘transformative’ potential concerning every industry. However, there is an absence of scholarly attention given to identifying and analyzing the political premises and consequences of blockchain projects. Through digital ethnography and participatory action research, th is article shows how blockchain experiments personify ‘prefigurative politics’ by design: they embody the politics and power structures which they want to enable in society. By showing how these prefigurative embo...
Source: Sustainability Science - February 26, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Exploring the transformative capacity of place-shaping practices
AbstractThe eight papers in this Special Feature result from the EU funded SUSPLACE collaborative programme that aimed to explore the transformative capacity of sustainable place-shaping practices, and if and how these practices can support a sustainable, place-based development. The programme encompassed 15 research projects investigating a wide range of place-shaping practices embedded in specific settings. From a common framework on sustainable place shaping, each research project has developed its own theoretical and methodological approach. This editorial explains the overall approach to sustainable place-based develo...
Source: Sustainability Science - February 21, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Collaboration, creativity, conflict and chaos: doing interdisciplinary sustainability research
AbstractHow do the social dynamics within interdisciplinary research teams shape sustainability research? This paper presents a case study of interdisciplinary research projects at the University of Sussex, as part of a programme aimed at encouraging collaborative work to address intersections between the Sustainability Development Goals. Using data gathered during a series of participatory workshops at the start and end of the projects, combined with non-participant observation and analysis of project discussions during the lifetime of the projects, we examine the diverse ways in which research teams configure themselves ...
Source: Sustainability Science - February 19, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Knowledge coevolution: generating new understanding through bridging and strengthening distinct knowledge systems and empowering local knowledge holders
AbstractThe effective and appropriate bridging of Western science with traditional or Indigenous knowledge is an ongoing discussion in the literature and in practice. The discourse transitioned from separate knowledge system to knowledge integration and most recently to knowledge co-production. We argue it is the moral and ethical responsibility of Western scientists working in and with Indigenous communities to make a concerted effort to collectively create mutually advantageous new knowledge while strengthening traditional knowledge and considering the normative impacts of Western science methods. Our knowledge coevoluti...
Source: Sustainability Science - January 28, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Embracing indigenous metaphors: a new/old way of thinking about sustainability
AbstractThis paper explores the role of metaphor in cognition, outlining how the machine metaphor came to dominate and the problematic assumptions for culture/nature relationships and the consequences for the environment that underpin this metaphor. It then argues that the machine metaphor needs to be complemented by an animistic metaphor, which embodies and underpins indigenous relationships to nature, using examples from the New Zealand M āori. (Source: Sustainability Science)
Source: Sustainability Science - January 27, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Can water systems foster commoning practices? Analysing leverages for self-organization in urban water commons as social –ecological systems
This article concentrates on the concept and analysis of urban water commons as social –ecological systems, which receive a less prominent focus in the literature than other commoning practices. In the light of the distinctive social and ecological values of water for both ecosystem health and human wellbeing and sociability, we argue that the presence of water systems can foster st akeholder engagement and leverage self-organization in urban commons. We test our hypothesis in a dynamically evolving urban water common: the recently restored Geoffrey Jellicoe’s Water Gardens in Hemel Hempstead, England. We apply...
Source: Sustainability Science - January 25, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Governance of the water-energy-food nexus: insights from four infrastructure projects in the Lower Mekong Basin
AbstractThe social relations and biophysical flows that link water, food, and energy systems are said to form a ‘nexus’. Efforts to steer or otherwise exert influence on decisions that impact upon these nexus links, including to ignore them, take place at multiple levels, vary in complexity, and have implications for who benefits and who is burdened by those relations and flows. This paper examines how ne xus links have been governed, using four medium- to large-scale water infrastructure projects in Laos and Thailand as probes into problematic issues of coordination, anticipation, inclusion, and attribution. P...
Source: Sustainability Science - January 22, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Adapting global shared socio-economic pathways for national scenarios in Japan
This study presents national SSP scenarios, specifically focusing on Japan (hereafter, Japan SSPs), as well as a process for developing scenarios that qualitatively links to global SSPs. We document the descriptions of drivers and basic narratives of Japan SSPs coherent with global SSPs, based on workshops conducted by local researchers and governments. Moreover, we provide a common data set of population and GDP using the national scale. Japan SSPs emphasized population trends different from global SSPs and influencing factors, citizen participation, industrial development resulting from economic change, distribution, and...
Source: Sustainability Science - January 22, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Changes in the potential stocks of coral reef ecosystem services following coral bleaching in Sekisei Lagoon, southern Japan: implications for the future under global warming
AbstractClimate change is projected to have large impacts on natural capital and ecosystem services under scenarios of the IPCC. In the summer of 2016, elevated seawater temperatures triggered mass coral bleaching in Sekisei Lagoon, southern Japan. Based on data from field surveys and relevant websites, we mapped potential stocks of four major ecosystem services (fisheries production, aquarium fish production, recreational diving, and seaweed control) supplied by coral reef fishes before and after the bleaching event and predicted the possible future state of socio-ecological systems in the lagoon under climate change. We ...
Source: Sustainability Science - January 20, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

The Blue Fix: What's driving blue growth?
This article explores the politics behind the promise of ‘blue growth’. Reframing it as a ‘blue fix’, we argue that the blue growth discourse facilitates new opportunities for capital accumulation, while claiming that this accumulation is compatible with social and ecological aims as well. The blue fix is made up of three underlying sub-fixes. Fir st of all, the conservation fix quenches the social thirst for action in the face of climate change. Here we see how protecting marine areas can be an important part of mitigating climate change, but in practice, gains at the national level are overshadowe...
Source: Sustainability Science - January 9, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Inner change and sustainability initiatives: exploring the narratives from eco-villagers through a place-based transformative learning approach
This article aims to critically investigate the framework empirically using life-story interviews with people living in three different ecovillages. Ecovillages are so-called intentional communities which aim to develop sustainable, regenerative ways of living. Methodologically, the research is grounded in an ethnography and narrative inquiry. Following the empirical results, we will reflect on the merits and shortcomings of the analytical framework. The article concludes that the framework proved useful for its purpose if it includes a fourth dimension of 'transgression' and portraits the dimensions as continua. (Source: ...
Source: Sustainability Science - January 7, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

The evolution of sustainability models, from descriptive, to strategic, to the three pillars framework for applied solutions
AbstractThe three pillars of sustainability framework is an applied and solutions oriented approach to sustainable development, which at the broadest and most important scale supports the creation of new economic and political institutions that embed (from start to finish) the key inputs, stakeholders, and incentive structures necessary for sustainability planning and projects to be feasible and successful. The three pillars framework is based upon the key and connected roles of: (1) technology and innovation; (2) laws and governance; and (3) economics and financial incentives. Through the lens of a review of the evolution...
Source: Sustainability Science - January 6, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

How we know biodiversity: institutions and knowledge-policy relationships
AbstractThis paper argues that what we do to conserve biodiversity depends onhow we know biodiversity. The former Chair of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is concerned that national policymakers may not take the findings of this global assessment (GA) seriously because of ‘squabbling scientists.’ The paper explores the contentious issues in IPBES, about presenting knowledge to policymakers, and about the integration of indigenous and local knowledge (ILK) into this global scientific knowledge creation. It asks why IPBES fights shy of addressing the di...
Source: Sustainability Science - January 2, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

A multi-stakeholder perception analysis about the adoption, impacts and priority areas in the Kenyan clean cooking sector
AbstractMany stakeholders are involved in the Kenyan clean cooking sector, often having different perspectives, interests and agendas about the adoption, impacts and scaling-up of clean cooking interventions. Understanding the perceptions of non end-user stakeholders can enrich current debates about clean cooking options that are usually informed by rigorous, yet highly compartmentalized research. Through expert interviews, we elicit the perceptions of 27 stakeholder organizations involved in the clean cooking sector in Kenya. The analysis offers unique insights about the divergences and convergences of their perceptions r...
Source: Sustainability Science - January 1, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Financial crises and the attainment of the SDGs: an adjusted multidimensional poverty approach
AbstractThis paper analyses the impact of financial crises on the Sustainable Development Goal of eradicating poverty. To do so, we develop an adjusted Multidimensional Poverty Framework (MPF)  that includes 15 indicators that span across key poverty aspects related to income, basic needs, health, education and the environment. We then use an econometric model that allows us to examine the impact of financial crises on these indicators in 150 countries over the period 1980–2015. O ur analysis produces new estimates on the impact of financial crises on poverty’s multiple social, eco...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 28, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Lessons for blue degrowth from Namibia ’s emerging blue economy
This article argues that the uptake of the blue economy is shaped by multiple, and often conflicting, interests. The emergence of the agenda is not apolitical, nor has it been established in isolation from exogenous actors and interests. Subsequently, this article sugge sts that the critique of the emerging blue economy should be applied to discussions of a blue degrowth movement, to avoid transposing a new agenda over another. As demonstrated with reference to Namibia, contextual and historical issues need to be recognised by degrowth discussions, and their inhere nt and continued structural effects analysed. This is of p...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 23, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Blue Growth and its discontents in the Faroe Islands: an island perspective on Blue (De)Growth, sustainability, and environmental justice
AbstractBlue Growth is promoted as an important strategy for future food security, and sustainable harvesting of marine resources. This paper aims to identify dominating ideologies and strategies of Blue Growth in the Faroe Islands, mainly regarding salmon farming and industrial capture fisheries, and to investigate how these ideologies materialize in the social metabolism of Faroese society. The analysis approaches the Faroese Blue Economy from a holistic perspective using analytical concepts and frameworks of social (island) metabolism, environmental justice and degrowth to assess how current Blue Growth strategies perta...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 23, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Swimming upstream: community economies for a different coastal rural development in Sweden
We describe first the primary activities carried out by the initiative and follow by an examination on what drove it, how it has been maintained, and how it might spread. We conclude on the potentials of the community economies framework and pro ject to advance a Blue degrowth agenda based on difference and not necessarily less. (Source: Sustainability Science)
Source: Sustainability Science - December 23, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

The paradox of sustainable tuna fisheries in the Western Indian Ocean: between visions of blue economy and realities of accumulation
AbstractFor many coastal nations in the Western Indian Ocean, and notably the islands of Madagascar, Mauritius, and Seychelles, the tuna fishery is considered one of the main pillars of economic development, providing jobs and substantial revenues while ensuring food security. However, the fishery is also an illustration of the paradox behind the idea of the blue economy, where economic growth and sustainable use of resources are promoted as jointly achievable. We show that a sustainability narrative, in which the idea of fishing within ecological limits is present within government policy, public discourse, and practices,...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 23, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Editorial: Blue degrowth and the politics of the sea: rethinking the blue economy
(Source: Sustainability Science)
Source: Sustainability Science - December 23, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

‘Re-grabbing’ marine resources: a blue degrowth agenda for the resurgence of small-scale fisheries in Malta
AbstractThe era of blue growth, underpinned by neoliberal policy discourses, has been pervasive in the promulgation of European marine governance and policies in the past decade, with little or no regard for the sustainability of small-scale fisheries. In this paper, we engage with theoretical and empirical observations to reflect on how the promise of sustainable economic growth arising from the convergence of international conservation policies and the blue growth paradigm, has failed to materialise and caused huge social and economic inequities among local fishing communities and the catastrophic disruption of the socio...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 23, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Growth in the docks: ports, metabolic flows and socio-environmental impacts
AbstractShipping carries virtually all internationally traded goods. Major commercial ports are fully integrated into transnational production and distribution systems, enabling the circulation of massive flows of energy and materials in the global economy. Port activity and development are usually associated with positive socio-economic effects, such as increased GDP and employment, but the industry ’s continuous expansion produces adverse outcomes including air and water pollution, the destruction of marine and coastal environments, waterfront congestion, health risks, and labor issues. In its quest to marry econom...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 23, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Designing sustainability in blues: the limits of technospatial growth imaginaries
AbstractIn the midst of a global food crisis, the late 2000s saw tensions between rising food prices and demands for biofuels coalesce into a “food versus fuel” debate. In response to ensuing public outcries, governmental agencies, and researchers across the globe began mobilizing around alternative biofuel feedstock. Among these materials, algae emerged as the most “hopeful” sustainable alternative in producing biofuels. This art icle examines algal biofuel production systems designed offshore and integrated with wastewater treatment and carbon dioxide absorption processes to revitalize faith in bi...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 23, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Gender inequality and development
AbstractThe United Nations ’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) includes specific targets addressing factors of importance to reduced gender inequality and promotes gender development. The UN Development Programme (UNDP) has reported on gender inequality and gender development indexes based on available data relating to sp ecific SDGs, the indexes being calculated through an elaborate aggregation process. The present study applies the provided UNDP data as basis for a partial order-based approach to gender inequality and development. The data have been applied as indicators without any pretreatment as, e.g., weighti...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 10, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Exploring synergies and trade-offs among the sustainable development goals: collective action and adaptive capacity in marginal mountainous areas of India
The objectives of this paper are: (i) identify collective actions in four MMA of the central Indian Himalaya Region, each with differing institutional contexts; (ii) assess the adaptive capacity of each village by measuring livelihood capital assets, diversity, and sustainable land management practices. Engaging with adaptive capacity and collective action literatures, we identify three broad approaches to adaptive capacity relating to the SDGs: natural hazard mitigation (SDG 13), social vulnerability (SDG 1, 2 and 5), and social –ecological resilience (SDG 15). We then develop a conceptual framework to understand th...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 9, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Contesting growth in marine capture fisheries: the case of small-scale fishing cooperatives in Istanbul
AbstractThe expansion of industrial fishing via technological advancements and heavy subsidies in the Global North has been a significant factor leading to the current global fishery crisis. The growth of the industrial fleet led to an initial increase in global catches from the 1950s to the 1990s; yet, today, several marine fish stocks are harvested at unsustainable rates, and catches are stagnating. As a result, industrial fishers increase investments and fishing effort, reaching farther and deeper, while small-scale fishers face the threat of disappearance as both their catches and livelihoods worsen. The emergent inter...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 9, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Performing ‘blue degrowth’: critiquing seabed mining in Papua New Guinea through creative practice
AbstractScripted as a sustainable alternative to terrestrial mining, the licence for the world ’s first commercial deep-sea mining (DSM) site was issued in Papua New Guinea in 2011 to extract copper and gold from a deposit situated 1600 m below the surface of the Bismarck Sea. Whilst DSM’s proponents locate it as emergent part of a blue economy narrative, its critics point to the ecologi cal and economic uncertainty that characterises the proposed practice. Yet, due its extreme geography, DSM is also profoundly elusive to direct human experience and thus presents a challenge to forms of resistance against ...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 9, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Fostering inter- and transdisciplinarity in discipline-oriented universities to improve sustainability science and practice
AbstractMany problems we face today, including sustainability issues, are complex and encompass intertwined systems. As such, they are difficult to understand and define due to the pluralism of values within society, which also makes it hard to reach agreement on these issues. Technocratic solutions then may be perceived as improper by stakeholders, detaching citizens from urgent issues. Inter- and transdisciplinary approaches to science have recently been strongly advocated as activities that can bring science closer to society to co-produce knowledge suited to deal with such complex problems. Here, we present a heuristic...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 7, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

The mediating role of place attachment between nature connectedness and human well-being: perspectives from Japan
AbstractPrevious studies have demonstrated the role of nature connectedness in promoting human well-being. However, recent studies put emphasis on understanding the underlying mechanism that drives the association between nature connectedness and well-being, mainly mental health. Place attachment is one of the place-based socio-psychological concepts that is believed to explain this association. Analysis of survey data collected from Japanese nationals (N = 2203) revealed place attachment to have a positive and significant mediating effect on the association. Place attachment contributes to 30% of the total e...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 4, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

The role of local energy initiatives in co-producing sustainable places
AbstractDuring the first two decades of the twenty-first century, the introduction of policies that promote renewable energy in Western European countries facilitated a shift towards the production of cleaner energy and its decentralisation. Subsidies, incentive schemes, and declining installation costs —combined with rapid technology advances—made the investment in small-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) panels and wind turbines more attractive for individuals and small businesses. Simultaneously, we observe the emergence of citizen initiatives which aim to provide public services across various s ectors, includin...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 3, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

A review of data-intensive approaches for sustainability: methodology, epistemology, normativity, and ontology
AbstractWith the growth of data, data-intensive approaches for sustainability are becoming widespread and have been endorsed by various stakeholders. To understand their implications, in this paper, data-intensive approaches for sustainability will be explored by conducting an extensive review. The current data-intensive approaches are defined as an amalgamation of traditional data-collection methods, such as surveys and data from monitoring networks, with new data-collection methods that involve new information communication technology. Based on a comprehensive review of the current data-intensive approaches for sustainab...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 2, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Operationalising transformative sustainability science through place-based research: the role of researchers
This article explores the varied roles of research fellows within the European Marie Curie ITN research progra m on sustainable place-shaping (SUSPLACE). By analysing 15 SUSPLACE projects and reflecting on the roles of researchers identified by Wittmayer and Schäpke (Sustain Sci 9(4):483–496, 2014) we describe how the fellows’ theoretical positionality, methods applied, and engagement in places led to d ifferent research roles. The methodology used for the paper is based on an interactive process, co-producing knowledge with Early Stage Researchers (fellows) of the SUSPLACE consortium. The results show a r...
Source: Sustainability Science - November 21, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research