Klotho in the Pathology of Aging
Klotho is a longevity-associated protein; more of it slows aging, less of it accelerates aging, at least in animal studies. While researchers have spent considerable effort investigating the effects of klotho on the brain, as it improves cognitive function, it seems likely that its effects arise via improved kidney function in old age. Loss of kidney function, and thus clearance of metabolic toxins and waste from the bloodstream, is harmful to tissues throughout the body. Manipulation of klotho may be a good way to assess just how much harm is generated by the age-related decline of the kidneys. The subject of thi...
Source: Fight Aging! - August 10, 2022 Category: Research Authors: Reason Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs

A woman in her 40s with intractable nausea and vomiting, dyspnea, and lightheadedness
 Submitted and written by Oriane Longerstaey MD, peer reviewed by Meyers, Smith, and McLarenA woman in her 40s with diabetes and HLD presented with nausea and vomiting x3 days. She was seen on day 1 of symptoms at an outside ED, no ECG performed, and sent home with return precautions and zofran, which she had been taking around the clock for persistent nausea and vomiting. She presented on day 3 of symptoms because of new onset dyspnea, tachycardia, lightheadedness, and heart palpitations. She had a " burning " sensation in her chest but no " pain " .A 12 lead EKG was obtained at triage: - Sinus rhythm at 96 bpm&...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - July 21, 2022 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pendell Source Type: blogs

Fight Aging! Newsletter, June 27th 2022
In conclusion, this study confirms that innate immune training can be induced in aging healthy individuals as well as critically ill sepsis patients. We found that innate immune training can be induced regardless of age and there was no substantive difference in the immune trained phenotype as a function of age. We employed β-glucan as our immune training stimulus. The ability of glucan to induce the trained phenotype suggests that it may be possible to pharmacologically induce the immune trained phenotype in aging human immunocytes. Sitting Time Correlates with Mortality Risk https://www.fightaging.org/archi...
Source: Fight Aging! - June 26, 2022 Category: Research Authors: Reason Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs

Assessing the Causes of Aortic Stiffening in Aged Mice
Aortic stiffness occurs with age, and produces raised blood pressure, hypertension, by sabotaging the usual feedback mechanisms that control blood pressure. Hypertension in turn results in structural damage to delicate tissues throughout the body, as well as producing further biochemical changes that encourage ventricular hypertrophy, among other forms of dysfunction. It causes enough harm that control of blood pressure can meaningfully reduce mortality even without addressing underlying causes of degenerative aging. Why do arteries stiffen with age? As today's open access paper discusses, this is in part a complex ...
Source: Fight Aging! - June 24, 2022 Category: Research Authors: Reason Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs

Towards Sabotaging the Link Between Hypertension and Cardiac Hypertrophy
The heart becomes larger and weaker in response to the raised blood pressure of hypertension, though inflammatory signaling clearly also plays an important role. Note the study that showed clearance of senescent cells, and thus removal of their pro-inflammatory signaling, reversed cardiac hypertrophy in mice. In the research noted here, scientists discuss the sensing mechanisms that link blood pressure with hypertrophy of the heart. Sabotaging that system is not as good as prevention of hypertension, as targeting deeper issues should always be better than preventing just a few of their consequences, but will no doubt give ...
Source: Fight Aging! - June 22, 2022 Category: Research Authors: Reason Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs

An Approach to Reduce Harmful Inflammation in Cardiac Hypertrophy
Chronic inflammation is of great importance in age-related degeneration. In later life, inflammatory signaling becomes constant and unresolved, in contrast to the short-term, rapidly resolved inflammation that occurs in response to infection and injury in youth. This unresolved inflammation is highly disruptive of tissue function and structure. In response to unrelenting inflammatory signaling, cell behaviors change in pathological ways, such as the deposition of calcium into blood vessel walls, or increasing quiescence of stem cells that should be actively supporting tissue. Researchers are in search of ways to sup...
Source: Fight Aging! - June 21, 2022 Category: Research Authors: Reason Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs

Age-Related Arterial Calcification in the Context of Stroke
Calcification in arteries is an age-related malfunction of cell behavior, in which cells in blood vessel walls inappropriately take on some of the behaviors of bone cells called osteoblasts. These errant cells deposit calcium structures characteristic of bone tissue into the extracellular matrix, and that is in turn disruptive of tissue properties, particularly to the elasticity needed for constriction and dilation of blood vessels. In effect, blood vessels, and other structures such as heart valves that are subject to calcification, are slowly turning into bone. This causes cardiovascular dysfunctions that, given time, wi...
Source: Fight Aging! - June 20, 2022 Category: Research Authors: Reason Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs

Answer to Case 685
 Answer to theParasite Case of the Week 685:Raphides, i.e, needle-shaped crystals of calcium oxalate or calcium carbonate used by several plants such as pineapple, kiwi, and rhubarb as a defense against plant-eating animals. According to Idzi, " The weird feeling you get in your mouth when eating too much pineapple is apparently caused by these crystals. You can find them quite often in stools and they should not be confused with Charcot-Leyden (C-L) crystals! " They can be differentiated from C-L crystals by their long needle-like shape and uniform diameter:As a comparator, Idzi provided 2 nice photographs of C-L cry...
Source: Creepy Dreadful Wonderful Parasites - June 5, 2022 Category: Parasitology Source Type: blogs

Fight Aging! Newsletter, May 23rd 2022
In conclusion, remofuscin activates the lysosome-to-nucleus pathway in C. elegans, thereby increasing the expression levels of xenobiotic detoxification genes resulted in extending their lifespan. Naked Mole-Rat Skin Shows Fewer Signs of Aging https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2022/05/naked-mole-rat-skin-shows-fewer-signs-of-aging/ Naked mole-rats exhibit a maximum life span that is many times longer than is the case for similarly sized mammals. Further, they are negligibly senescent, showing few age-related declines in function across much of that lengthy life span. That includes maintenance of stem ...
Source: Fight Aging! - May 22, 2022 Category: Research Authors: Reason Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs

Pathogenic Viruses Have Evolved to Provoke Cellular Senescence
We present a "decentralized" information processing model that conceptualizes neurodegeneration as a systemic illness, triggered by cytoskeletal pathology. We also discuss strategies for reversing cell-cell fusion, including, TMEM16F inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, senolytics, and tubulin stabilizing agents. Finally, going beyond neurodegeneration, we examine the potential benefit of harnessing fusion as a therapeutic strategy in regenerative medicine. Link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2022.845580 (Source: Fight Aging!)
Source: Fight Aging! - May 17, 2022 Category: Research Authors: Reason Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs

Another deadly and confusing ECG. Are you still one of the many people who will be fooled by this ECG, or do you recognize it instantly?
Submitted and written byDestiny Folk MD, peer reviewed by Meyers, Smith, Grauer, McLarenA man in his early 30s with no significant past medical history was brought to the ED by EMS after being found unresponsive by a friend. EMS arrived and found him awake and alert. He complained of generalized weakness and left lower extremity numbness. He reported that 12 hours prior to arrival he used fentanyl and cocaine. He reported difficulty walking and felt as if his left leg was “asleep.” He denied any chest pain or shortness of breath and stated he felt at his baseline yesterday prior to drug use. On arrival in the ED, he wa...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - May 5, 2022 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pendell Source Type: blogs

Fight Aging! Newsletter, May 2nd 2022
In this study, we tested the therapeutic potential of VHHASC and a newly generated VHH against murine ASC (VHHmASC) to target ASC specks in vitro and in vivo. We show that pre-incubation of extracellular ASC specks with VHHASC abrogated their inflammatory functions in vitro. Recombinant VHHASC rapidly disassembled pre-formed ASC specks and thus inhibited their ability to seed the nucleation of soluble ASC. Notably, VHHASC required prior cytosolic access to prevent inflammasome activation within cells, but it was effective against extracellular ASC specks released following caspase-1-dependent loss of membrane integrity, an...
Source: Fight Aging! - May 1, 2022 Category: Research Authors: Reason Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs

Age-Related Hearing Loss is Accompanied by Chronic Inflammation in the Inner Ear
Age-related neurodegeneration is strongly linked to chronic inflammation in brain tissue. Age-related hearing loss is a form of neurodegeneration, the loss of sensory hair cells in the inner ear, or the loss of the connections between those cells and the brain. Thus to find that markers of chronic inflammation in the inner ear correlate with progressive deafness is not too surprising. Ways to effectively reduce the chronic inflammation of aging should go a long way towards reducing the impact of aging on health. Senolytic therapies to remove senescent cells are the best of the present options, but more than this will be ne...
Source: Fight Aging! - April 28, 2022 Category: Research Authors: Reason Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs

How to Navigate Life with a Chronic Disease Like T1D and High-Deductible Insurance - Redux
Last February (2021), I wrote a blog post called " How to Navigate Life with a Chronic Disease Like T1D and High-Deductible Insurance Plans " (read my post athttps://blog.sstrumello.com/2021/02/how-to-navigate-life-with-chronic.html for details).I still stand by all of the recommendations I made in that blog post because I actually used (and still use some) the methods described effectively and saved a lot of money by doing so. But times change, and sometimes strategies need to evolve with changes that happen in the world around us.Intro of " Authorized Generic " Insulins, plus Branded/Unbranded BiosimilarsFor example, in ...
Source: Scott's Web Log - April 7, 2022 Category: Endocrinology Tags: 2022 high-deductible insurance plans insulin Source Type: blogs

Vitamin D Deficiency: 6 Common Signs That Are Easy To Miss
Vitamin D is vital for regulating the levels of phosphate and calcium in the body. (Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog)
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - February 20, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jeremy Dean Tags: Nutrition Source Type: blogs