Genes and Civil Liberties

Conclusion Although human genetics research and development are usually presented as “advances,” they may also be setting back our civil liberties on many fronts. Chief among the downsides are increased numbers of widely-available databases that correlate many facets of people’s biology, lives, and activities, as well as increasing incidences of loss of privacy and discrimination. While federal legislation and administrative rules have begun to address these problems, private and governmental data mining grows rapidly as new technological formats are developed and a technological rationality (i.e., “more information is better”) continues to hold sway over public opinion. As society becomes more familiar with genetics, privacy violations and discrimination may decrease but—at the same time—the rationales for increasing the numbers of public information/DNA databases also increases. These negative consequences need to be more fully considered in any public policy decisions about genetic technologies. Related StoriesStem Cells for Cell-Based Therapies
Source: ActionBioscience - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news

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Objective Slow walking speed paired with increased energy cost is a strong predictor for mortality and disability in older adults but has yet to be examined in a heterogeneous sample (ie, age, sex, disease status). The aim of this study was to examine energy cost of slow and normal walking speeds among low- and normal-functioning adults. Design Adults aged 20–90 yrs were recruited for this study. Participants completed a 10-m functional walk test at a self-selected normal walking speed and were categorized as low functioning or normal functioning based on expected age- and sex-adjusted average gait speed. Partic...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
Introduction Ozone has been recently used as a safe alternative treatment in musculoskeletal disorders with fewer adverse effects than corticosteroids. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of a single injection of ozone with that of a corticosteroid in the treatment of shoulder impingement. Design Thirty patients with shoulder pain and clinical signs and symptoms of impingement were randomly assigned into two groups: ultrasound-guided injection with ozone or corticosteroid. Patients’ symptoms were evaluated by visual analog scale, constant score, shoulder pain and disability scale, shoulder range of...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
Despite the fact that one fifth of Americans live with disability, caring for these patients is not routinely part of the undergraduate medical student curriculum. An innovative session addressing care of patients with spinal cord injury was developed for medical students and led by physiatrists, faculty experts in communications, and individuals with spinal cord injury. A mixed-method design was used in evaluating students' knowledge, skills, and attitudes following this curriculum. Quantitative evaluation was performed with a written essay question and checklist items from an objective structured clinical examination sta...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Education & Administration Source Type: research
Bone stress injury is a common overuse injury in athletes. Risk factors for bone stress injury in athletes include the female athlete triad (triad); this has not been evaluated in para athletes. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors, prevalence, and anatomical distribution of bone stress injury in para athletes. A cross-sectional online survey on health characteristics and previous fractures including bone stress injury was completed by para athletes training for the 2016 or 2018 Paralympic Games. Two hundred sixty para athletes completed the survey (659 invited, response rate = 40%). Half reported previous fr...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): E.M. Weisberg, L.C. Chu, S. Park, A.L. Yuille, K.W. Kinzler, B. Vogelstein, E.K. Fishman
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Said Pertuz, Antti Sassi, Kirsi Holli-Helenius, Joni Kamarainen, Irina Rinta-Kiikka, Anna-Leena Laaperi, Otso ArponenAbstractPurposeTo assess the association between breast cancer risk and mammographic parenchymal measures obtained using a fully-automated, publicly available software, OpenBreast.MethodsThis retrospective case-control study involved screening mammograms of asymptomatic women diagnosed with breast cancer between 2016 and 2017. The 114 cases were matched with corresponding healthy controls by birth and screening ...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese results suggest that compared with PI-RADS v2, PI-RADS v2.1 could be preferable for evaluating TZ lesions.
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Standardized evaluation of TIL levels may provide valuable prognostic information in a spectrum of different malignancies. PMID: 31621387 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Future Medicine: Biomarkers in Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Biomark Med Source Type: research
Authors: Wang Q, Huang T, Ji J, Wang H, Guo C, Sun X, Zheng K, Dong Z, Cao Y Abstract Aim: To investigate and validate predictive value of combination of pretreatment monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer after transurethral resection. Materials &methods: Total 358 patients enrolled were assigned into three (MLR-NLR 0, 1 and 2) groups per the cut-off values of MLR and NLR. Results: Kaplan-Meier curves showed MLR, NLR and their combination were statistically associated with DFS (p
Source: Future Medicine: Biomarkers in Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Biomark Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Learning curve in RARC-iON has a significant impact on achievement of Trifecta. This tool combines accurate measurement of surgical proficiency with an independent predictive value in assessing 3-yr OS probabilities. PMID: 31619034 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
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