Advances in forensic diagnosis of electric shock death in the absence of typical electrical marks - Jin X, Chen D, Li X, Zeng X, Xu L, Hu B, Xu G.
Electrical injury is a relatively uncommon but potentially devastating form of multi-system injury with high morbidity and mortality. In common electric injury cases, it is usually difficult to find characteristic changes of electric injury in major organs... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 29, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Statistical models for firearm and tool mark image comparisons based on the congruent matching cells (CMC) method - Zhang NF.
In the branch of forensic science known as firearm evidence identification, various similarity scores have been proposed to compare firearm marks. Some similarity score comparisons, for example, congruent matching cells (CMC) method, are based on pass-or-f... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 29, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

A rare case of fatal self-poisoning with sodium nitrite: autopsy and toxicological findings - Barranco R, Frigiolini FME, Orcioni GF, Malandrino M, Salomone A, Ventura F.
Fatal sodium nitrite poisonings are unusual in the forensic setting. Suicide by poisoning includes drug overdose, the inhalation of toxic gasses, and poisoning from pesticides and chemical substances. Sodium nitrite is an inorganic compound usually seen as... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Poisoning Source Type: news

Application of viewshed analysis and probability mapping for search area determination based on the Moors murders on Saddleworth Moor, the United Kingdom - Lockwood E, Masters P.
Geographical Information System (GIS) is underutilized within the forensic discipline, especially concerning the discovery of clandestine graves. GIS, viewshed analysis, and probability maps are being introduced into desk-based research both for archaeolog... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Aspiration-related pneumonia after Taser exposure - a multiple causations mechanism - Plenzig S, Verhoff MA, Gruber H, Kunz SN.
We present a case of a 49-year old man, who was exposed to a Taser X26P during a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Quantification of fentanyl analogs in oral fluid using LC-QTOF-MS - Palmquist KB, Swortwood MJ.
Oral fluid is a valuable alternative matrix for forensic toxicologists due to ease of observed collection, limited biohazardous exposure, and indications of recent drug use. Limited information is available for fentanyl analog prevalence, interpretation, o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Inhalation of helium in plastic bag suffocation with suicidal purpose: observation and differences of two cases - Potenza S, Mauro Tavone A, Dossena C, Luca Marella G.
The use of helium in plastic bag suffocation is a suicide method recently found in forensic cases. Although it is not common practice, there has been a strong increase in its use during the past 20  years, thanks to the accessibility of information on the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Drowning, Suffocation Source Type: news

Epilepsy, violence, and crime. A historical analysis - Gyimesi J.
In the 19th and early 20th century, epilepsy was one of the most investigated disorders in forensic psychiatry and psychology. The possible subsidiary symptoms of epilepsy (such as temporal confusion, alterations of consciousness, or increased aggression) ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Development of test system for forensics investigation of collision between vehicle and pedestrian - Bern át J, Vertaľ P, Demčáková L.
The traffic accidents between vehicles and vulnerable road users have fatal consequences in the most cases. Despite the development of active and passive vehicle safety and significant progress in the use of autonomous systems, there is still a need to pay... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Hijacking of the aircraft OK ADN L410 Turbolet on June 8, 1972 - forensic medical notes - Franti šek V, Miroslav H, Jan K, Michal B, Zdeněk.
On 8 June 1972, the Czechoslovak OK DNN aircraft carrier L410 Turbolet was delivered to the regular line Marianske Lazne - Prague to the Federal Republic of Germany. About 8 minutes after the launch from Marianske Lazne Airport, the likely head of the grou... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Trump encourages potential Texas election audit
Former President Donald Trump is applauding suggestions that Republicans in Texas may open an Arizona-style forensic audit of its 2020... (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - July 24, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

WATCH: Surfside building collapse site cleared as rescue crews depart
Miami-Dade county officials said police and forensic specialists will remain on site to identify human remains and recover personal belongings. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - July 24, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

DNA assay aids in identifying and protecting North American wolves, coyotes
(North Carolina State University) Forensics specialists can use a commercial assay targeting mitochondrial DNA to accurately discriminate between wolf, coyote and dog species. The genetic information could aid authorities in prosecuting hunting jurisdiction violations and preserving protected species. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The current state of the issue on explosive injury - Kislov MA, Makarov IY, Leonov SV, Pigolkin YI, Zotkin DA.
The review summarizes and systematizes the literature data characterizing the forensic medical aspects in the complex assessment of injuries received because of the impact of damaging factors of explosion in different peacetime conditions. The current stat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Traumatic internal carotid artery injuries: do we need a screening strategy? Literature review, case report, and forensic evaluation - Maiese A, Frati P, Manetti AC, De Matteis A, Di Paolo M, La Russa R, Turillazzi E, Frati A, Fineschi V.
Internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) represents the cause of ictus cerebral in about 20% of all cases of cerebral infarction among the young adult population. ICAD could involve both the extracranial and intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA). It ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Study highlights need to replace 'ancestry' in forensics with something more accurate
(North Carolina State University) A new study finds forensics researchers use terms related to ancestry and race in inconsistent ways, and calls for the discipline to adopt a new approach to better account for both the fluidity of populations and how historical events have shaped our skeletal characteristics. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

HKU ecologists develop a novel forensic tool for detecting laundering of critically endangered cockatoos
(The University of Hong Kong) Ecologists at the University of Hong Kong have applied stable isotope techniques to determine whether birds in the pet trade are captive or wild-caught, a key piece of evidence required in many cases to determine whether a trade is legal or not. They have applied this technique to the yellow-crested cockatoo, a critically endangered species from Indonesia/Timor-Leste with a global population of fewer than 2,500, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - July 12, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Self-harming behavior by patients admitted to forensic psychiatry - de Vogel V, Verstegen N.
BACKGROUND: Incidents of self-harm by forensic psychiatric patients usually have a large impact on all those involved and self-harming behavior is an important predictor for violence towards others during treatment. AIM: To describe incidents of se... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Workplace hazards in forensic mortuaries in Saudi Arabia: a survey of forensic mortuary personnel - Madadin M, M Alkhattaf I, H Abutaki F, A Almarzooq M, A Alzahrani F, Al-Saif DM, Kharoshah MA, Alqurashi HM, Menezes RG.
Forensic mortuaries have always presented a potential threat to workers who come into contact with dead bodies. This research aims to identify hazards faced by forensic mortuary personnel, including forensic pathologists and technicians working in forensic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Falls Source Type: news

Computer assisted three-dimensional reconstruction of scene in firearm homicide - Kislov MA, Chauhan M, Zakharov SN, Leonov SV, Shakiryanova YP.
This study analyses this technique in a homicide by... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Direct access to forensic sources and comprehensiveness of official suicide mortality records - Fern ández-Prieto B, Martin-Fumadó C, Robinat AP, Alonso J, Gómez-Durán EL, Jordà XD, Palao D.
[The publisher has not provided an abstract for this article.] Language: es... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

An unusual suicide by self-waterboarding: forensic pathological issues - Galante N, Terzi M, Gentile G, Tambuzzi S, Zoja R.
The authors present the first case, to the best of our knowledge, of a preplanned suicide by self-waterboarding. Waterboarding (WB) is a military method of torture in which water is poured into the nostrils and the mouth of a victim, to evoke the sensation... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Trump ally asks Pennsylvania counties to submit to 'forensic investigation' of election
A Pennsylvania state senator on Wednesday called on several counties to provide information for a “forensic investigation” of the 2020... (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - July 7, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Explosion-related deaths: an overview on forensic evaluation and implications - Galante N, Franceschetti L, Del Sordo S, Casali MB, Genovese U.
PURPOSE: Explosion-related deaths are uncommon events which require expertise and confidence so that an appropriate death investigation can be performed. The present study aims to provide a detailed forensic analysis of the issues and implications arising ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Trauma- and stressor-related disorders in survivors from a shipwreck: a short report on forensic implications - Rinaldi R, Bersani FS, Straccamore M, Bottoni E, Petrasso PEY, Scipioni C, Crosti A, Cappelletti S, Ciallella C.
On January 2012 the Costa Concordia cruise ship sank after hitting an underwater rock off Isola del Giglio, in Tuscany, this resulting in a number of deaths and injuries. After the disaster, several survivors developed psychological disturbances. This led ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Does peer consultation between forensic physicians reduce inter-doctor variation when issuing medical death certifications? - Reijnders UJL, Bakker K, Schuitmaker IJS, Dorn T.
INTRODUCTION: Because earlier research showed that inaccuracies were observed in the interpretation and handling of deaths by forensic physicians, peer consultation among forensic physicians was introduced before advice was given to treating physicians cal... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Brain gray matter differences among forensic psychiatric patients with psychosis and incarcerated individuals without psychosis: a source-based morphometry study - Kolla NJ, Harenski CL, Harenski KA, Dupuis M, Crawford JJ, Kiehl KA.
BACKGROUND: While psychosis is a risk factor for violence, the majority of individuals who perpetrate aggression do not present psychotic symptoms. Pathological aggressive behavior is associated with brain gray matter differences, which, in turn, has shown... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Assessment of the exclusion potential of suspects by using microbial signature in sexual assault cases: a scenario-based experimental study - Karaday ı S, Arasoglu T, Akmayan, Karadayı B.
Sexual assault offences are one of the most serious crimes committed against a person, typically rank only second to homicide, and represent one of the major challenges in forensic sciences. In some cases of sexual assault, there may be more than one suspe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Characteristics of persons accused of intimate partner homicide amongst forensic psychiatric observations - Valabdass SN, Subramaney U, Edge A.
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner homicide (IPH) is a global public health problem. One study conducted over 66 countries found that 13.5% of all homicides and 38.6% of female homicides were committed by an intimate partner. In South Africa, there were no publi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Forensic genetic identification of sharks involved in human attacks - Oury N, Jaquemet S, Simon G, Casalot L, Vangrevelynghe G, Landron F, Magalon H.
Each year, 75-100 unprovoked shark attacks on humans are recorded, most of them resulting in no or minor injuries, while a few are fatal. Often, shark identification responsible for attacks relies on visual observations or bite wound characteristics, which... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Non-Human Animals and Insects Source Type: news

To confront sexual violence, we must train non-forensic experts to perform medico-legal evaluations - Mishori R, Naimer K, McHale T, Johnson K, Fateen D, Gillette-Pierce Z.
Sexual violence is a global crisis. Forensic evaluations are critical for obtaining evidence and increasing the likelihood of accessing justice, as many cases fail due to lack of evidence or poor evidence. In some countries, only board-certified forensic s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Analysis of autopsy cases involving individuals who experienced cardiopulmonary arrest immediately after sustaining minor head injuries - Kibayashi K, Shimada R, Nakao KI.
The authors report five forensic autopsy cases involving individuals who experienced cardiopulmonary arrest immediately after sustaining minor head injuries. Heartbeat was restored in two patients after resuscitation by paramedics. During autopsy, three pa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Economist: $2.5B to abate opioid crisis in WVa community
A forensic economist has testified that a 15-year plan to abate the opioid crisis in a West Virginia community will cost local officials $2.5 billion (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - June 30, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Forensic geoarchaeology in the search for missing persons - Barone PM, Di Maggio RM, Mesturini S.
Despite widespread concern over missing persons, there has always been little clarity on what the word "missing" means. Although the category of young runaways is, indeed, an important cluster, other popular concepts related to disappearances describe a po... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Psychiatric and legal considerations in cases of fetal abduction by maternal evisceration - Welner M, Burgess A, O'Malley KY.
Fifteen cases of Fetal Abduction by Maternal Evisceration (FAMAE) reported to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children during 1987-2011 outline the findings from a review of the forensic psychiatric considerations and legal course of each of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Forensic behavioral science of serial and mass murder with an addition of leisure research: a descriptive synthesis - Williams DJ.
Prevalence rates of multiple homicide are statistically rare and vary across nations, yet such cases create substantial suffering for victims and can generate widespread fear among the general population. Despite extreme rarity, it remains important for fo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Recreational and Sports Issues Source Type: news

Innovative fire safety partnerships [conference abstract] - Keena K.
Virtual Pre-Conference Global Injury Prevention Showcase 2021 - Abstract Book - # 1F.003 Background In April, 2018, one of the UL Xplorlabs modules, Fire Forensics was adopted as a key resource in Cobb County, Georgia middle schools. UL Education and Ou... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The challenges of identifying and classifying child sexual exploitation material: moving towards a more ecologically valid pilot study with digital forensics analysts - Kloess JA, Woodhams J, Hamilton-Giachritsis CE.
BACKGROUND: When child sexual exploitation material is seized, digital forensics analysts are required to manually process all "unknown" digital material by determining (a) whether a child is present in the image, and (b) whether the image is of an indecen... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The omnipresence of risk and associated harms in secure and forensic mental health services in England and Wales - Markham S.
Current legislation and policy frameworks regulating the detention and treatment of mentally disordered offenders in England and Wales are predicated on the assumption that a minority of patients have enduring violent tendencies and pose a serious long-ter... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Psycho-pathological profile of the author of sexual assaults on prepubescent girls in Conakry - Diallo AM, Conde N, Konate G, Keita MM, Yabouaffo Koffi AFD, Camara AK, Leno EK, Camara AB, Bah H.
The objective of this work was to study the forensic and psyc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Detectability of cannabinoids in the serum samples of cannabis users: Indicators of recent cannabis use? A follow-up study - Kraemer M, Schaeper M, Duecker K, Philipsen A, Losacker M, Dreimueller N, Engelmann J, Madea B, Hess C.
Forensic toxicologists are frequently required to predict the time of last cannabis consumption. Several studies suggested the utility of minor cannabinoids as indicators of recent cannabis use. Because several factors influence blood cannabinoid concentra... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Should relapse always be punished? A survey study into forensic social professionals' attitudes to substance use - de Vogel V, Kleijer-Kool L, Monnee-van Doormalen J.
Health professionals' attitudes to substance abusers have been reported as suboptimal with potential adverse consequences for the quality of health care provided. Less is known about professionals working with addicted clients in mandated contexts. The aim... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Treatment evaluation in forensic psychiatry. which one should be used: the clinical judgment or the instrument-based assessment of change? - Schuringa E, Spreen M, Bogaerts S.
In forensic psychiatry, it is common practice to use an unstructured clinical judgment for treatment evaluation. From risk assessment studies, it is known that the unstructured clinical judgment is unreliable and the use of instruments is recommended. This... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

A rare suicide case involving fatal bleeding from varicose veins - Handlos P, Handlosov á K, Klabal O, Uvíra M.
This case report deals with a sharp force suicide case, which may challenge the experience of many forensic pathologists as well as the studies published to date. An overview of the published cases shows that sharp force suicides account only for 1.6%-3% o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Correction to: Forensic evaluation of alleged wrist restraint/handcuff injuries in survivors of torture utilizing the Istanbul Protocol - Neufeld MY, Kimball S, Stein AB, Crosby SS.
In this study, of all 31 injuries resulting in permanent disability, 24 cases (... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Audit of documentation of forensic history on admission form in a psychiatric intensive care unit - Zubair UB, Brown R.
OBJECTIVE: To study the documentation of relevant components of forensic history on admission form for male patients admitted in psychiatric intensive care unit (PICU)/OAK ward of Phoenix Care Center. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical audit. PLACE AND DURATION OF STU... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

"Etazene, safer than heroin and fentanyl": non-fentanyl novel synthetic opioid listings on one darknet market - Lamy FR, Daniulaityte R, Barratt MJ, Lokala U, Sheth A, Carlson RG.
BACKGROUND: Novel synthetic opioids are fueling the overdose deaths epidemic in North America.Recently, non-fentanyl novel synthetic opioids have emerged in forensic toxicological results. Cryptomarkets have become important platforms of distribution for i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Hair testing for classic drugs of abuse to monitor cocaine use disorder in patients following transcranial magnetic stimulation protocol treatment - Rotolo MC, Pacifici R, Pellegrini M, Cardullo S, P érez LJG, Cuppone D, Gallimberti L, Madeo G.
In recent years, hair has become an alternative biological specimen for drug testing in the fields of forensic and clinical toxicology. The advantages of hair testing include larger detection windows (months/years), depending on the length of the hair shaf... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The forensic investigation of vehicle-pedestrian collisions: a review - Nogayeva S, Gooch J, Frascione N.
Rapid urbanisation, a steady increase in the number of vehicles, speeding, negligence in road safety, and other factors have led to the inevitable worldwide growth of road traffic accidents involving pedestrians. According to the 'Global Status Report on R... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Model for the prediction of mechanical asphyxia as the cause of death based on four biological indexes in human cardiac tissue - Han L, Li W, Hu Y, Zhang H, Ma J, Ma K, Xiao B, Fei G, Zeng Y, Tian L, Chen L.
Determination of mechanical asphyxia as the cause of death has always been difficult for forensic pathologists, particularly when signs of asphyxia are not obvious on the body. Currently, depending on only physical examination of corpses, pathologists must... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Drowning, Suffocation Source Type: news