Cancer incidence among Finnish people with type 2 diabetes during 1989 –2014
This study aimed at exploring and describing the association between type 2 diabetes and cancer incidence. A cohort of 428,326 people with type 2 diabetes was identified from the Finnish National Diabetes Register and followed up through a register linkage with the Finnish Cancer Registry for cancer incidence during 1988 –2014. A total of 74,063 cases of cancer occurred in this cohort in 4.48 million person-years. This accounted for 16% more than the expected cancer incidence in the Finnish general population; the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) was 1.16 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.15–1.16). There was a s tatistically significant excess of cancers of lip (SIR = 1.40, CI = 1.28–1.53), liver (SIR = 2.44, CI = 2.35–2.53), pancreas (SIR = 1.75, CI = 1.70–1.79), stomach (SIR = 1.22, CI = 1.18–1.26), colon (SIR = 1.22, CI = 1.19–1.25), gallbladder and bile ducts (SIR = 1.29, CI = 1.21–1.36), non-melanoma skin (SIR = 1.18, CI = 1.15–1.22), kidney (SIR = 1.42, CI = 1.37–1.47), bladder (SIR = 1.17, CI = 1.13–1.21), and thyroid (SIR = 1.22, CI = 1.12–1.31). There was a small statistically significant decre ase in prostate cancer inci...
Conclusion: Findings suggest that patients with cancer are doing remarkably well with regard to adjustment. Connectedness with parents and peers mediates the relationship between optimism and psychological adjustment. As such, children with cancer who are identified as experiencing poor adjustment may benefit from interventions to foster connectedness.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en...
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