Bad viruses travel fast: Measles vaccine important for travelers

Follow me at @JohnRossMD The United States was declared free from ongoing measles transmission in 2000. So why are we still having measles attacks? An outbreak of measles is currently raging in Minnesota. In 2015, 125 cases of measles occurred in California, and in 2014, 383 people were infected with measles in an Amish community in Ohio. How measles outbreaks happen There are several reasons why we are still at risk for measles outbreaks. Travelers may get infected overseas, and bring the measles virus back into the country with them unawares. The 2015 measles outbreak in Ohio began when two infected members of the Amish community returned home from typhoon relief work on the Philippines. The California measles outbreak in 2014 started at two Disney theme parks, perhaps after the virus was brought there by a foreign tourist. In measles, there is an unusually long delay between infection and the development of the rash and other symptoms, typically about two weeks. Measles virus is also highly contagious; patients start to spread the virus to other people about four days before the rash develops. These features make it possible for measles to spread quickly through an unsuspecting population. The final component to measles outbreaks is inadequate immunity. Many American adults have only received a single dose of the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine, which is only 93% effective at preventing measles. Since 1989, the recommendation has been to give two doses of MMR, wh...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Infectious diseases Prevention Travel health Source Type: blogs

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Lisfranc ligament injuries are not so common and often overlooked. If missed, they can cause long-term disability and pain. The treatment of these injuries are still controversial and very little is known about which types of injury can be treated without surgery. Successful surgical management of these injuries is predicated on anatomic reduction and stable fixation. Open reduction and internal fixation remains the standard treatment, although ligament reconstruction has emerged as a viable option for certain types of tarsometatarsal joint injuries. This paper describes the authors’ approach to treat Lisfranc’...
Source: Techniques in Foot and Ankle Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Special Focus: Innovations in Foot and Ankle Sports Injury Treatment Source Type: research
Reported cases of mumps and pertussis have risen in the US in recent years even though many people are vaccinated. As part of the FDA commitment to protect the public health, FDA scientists are working to learn why more cases are occurring.
Source: FDA Consumer Health Information Updates - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
LUNG cancer symptoms include having a cough that won ’t go away, chest pain, and difficulty breathing. But you could also be at risk of a tumour if you have any of these “unusual” signs. Should you speak to a doctor?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Thirty-two people tested positive for the flu, the U.S. Border Patrol said
Source: Health News: - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Krakowski P, Gerkowicz A, Pietrzak A, Krasowska D, Jurkiewicz A, Gorzelak M, Schwartz RA Abstract Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a seronegative arthropathy with many clinical manifestations, and it may affect nearly a half of patients with psoriasis. PsA should be diagnosed as early as possible to slow down joint damage and progression of disability. To improve the diagnosis of PsA, physicians should look for peripheral inflammatory pain, axial inflammatory pain, dactylitis, and buttock and sciatic pain. In most patients with PsA, pharmacologic treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, disease-mo...
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results revealed that PCSK9 inhibition may moderately improve breast cancer outcomes while having no harmful effects in tumor-bearing mice. PMID: 31110521 [PubMed]
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Momtazi-Borojeni AA, Nik ME, Jaafari MR, Banach M, Sahebkar A Abstract Introduction: Inhibition of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) is an effective therapeutic tool for lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). There is no available evidence on the efficacy and safety of PCSK9 inhibitors in non-cardiovascular diseases, particularly cancer. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of PCSK9 inhibition on cancer endpoints in mice bearing colon carcinoma, using a nanoliposomal antiPCSK9 vaccine. Material and methods: The prepared nanoliposomal antiPCSK9 vaccine was subcuta...
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
The latest Ebola outbreak has killed nearly 1,100 people in the Democratic Republic of Congo. At the epicenter of the outbreak, there's a danger that may be even greater than the disease. Debora Patta reports.
Source: Health News: - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Despite optimal medical management (OMM), low back pain (LBP) can be disabling, particularly after spinal surgery. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is effective in reducing neuropathic leg pain; however, evidence is limited for LBP. This prospective, open-label, parallel-group trial randomized (1:1) failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) patients with predominant LBP to SCS plus OMM (SCS group) or OMM alone (OMM group) at 28 sites in Europe and the Americas. If trial stimulation was successful, a multicolumn SCS system was implanted. Outcomes were assessed at baseline (before randomization) and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after ra...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
More than 30 migrants have tested positive for influenza at a major processing center on the Mexican border that was temporarily closed to stop the outbreak
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news
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