The effectiveness of interventions to treat obesity in survivors of childhood brain tumors: a systematic review protocol

Discussion This review will summarize evidence for the effectiveness of interventions used to reduce obesity risk in SCBT. This has significant implications for SCBT, as it can identify gaps in knowledge and provide insights into the development of new interventions to manage obesity in survivors, which may improve their outcomes. Systematic review registration PROSPERO CRD42015025909
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

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, Jacobo-García K, Cossio-Aranda J Abstract Heart failure (HF) is a syndrome characterized basically by a circulatory deficit to cover the metabolic and energetic demands of the body. This condition has a broad spectrum in its clinical presentation, affects the quality of life significantly, impacts the family/social environment, and generates a great demand for health services. The purpose of this research is to report the situational diagnose of patients with HF in Mexico. We evaluated 292 patients, 70.2% were men. Average age was 56.7 ± 14.3 years. Ischemic heart disease is the main etiology (98 p...
Source: Archivos de Cardiologia de Mexico - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arch Cardiol Mex Source Type: research
Conclusion: The overall incidence of VTE is 4% with more than half of events occurred after the stoppage of thromboprophylaxis highlighting the necessity of adopting an extended protocol. Independent predictors included older age, female gender, morbid obesity and preoperative thrombocytosis. These group of patients require particular attention for the prevention of this complication. PMID: 31830847 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Scand J Urol Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveThe majority of childhood cancer survivors develop at least one late effect subsequent to treatment (eg, cardiovascular disease and obesity). Consistent engagement in recommended health behaviors may mitigate some of these conditions. Researchers have identified early survivorship as a teachable moment, yet few studies have examined positive health behaviors during this period.MethodsFamilies of children with cancer (ages 5 ‐17) were initially recruited following a diagnosis or relapse of cancer. Three years post diagnosis, survivors (n = 82, Mage = 13.3, SD = 3.7) and their...
Source: Psycho-Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: PAPER Source Type: research
Summary Survivors of childhood brain tumours (SCBT) have increased cardiometabolic risks, but the determinants of these risks are unclear. This systematic review aims to compare the prevalence of overweight and obesity as well as adiposity measures between SCBT and non‐cancer controls. The PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library databases were searched. The primary outcomes were the prevalence of overweight and obesity based on body mass index. The secondary outcomes were adiposity measures including percent fat mass, waist‐to‐hip and waist‐to‐height ratios. Forty‐one studies were included in t...
Source: Clinical Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Study findings could lead to better targeted treatments Related items fromOnMedica Some childhood cancer treatments may increase obesity risk Brexit could bar child patients from cancer trials Beam therapy hope for childhood cancer treatment Patients not getting targeted cancer drugs UK slower to diagnose child cancer than Germany
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
For more nearly four decades, our research has focused on one challenge: improving the delivery and efficacy of anti-cancer therapies. Working on the hypothesis that the abnormal tumor microenvironment fuels tumor progression and treatment resistance, we developed an array of novel imaging technologies and animal models as well as mathematical models to unravel the complex biology of tumors. Using these tools, we demonstrated that the blood and lymphatic vasculature, fibroblasts, immune cells and the extracellular matrix associated with tumors are abnormal, which together create a hostile biochemical and physical tumor mic...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Keynote Lectures Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Early identification of groups using accurate anthropometric assessments, interventional treatment, and/or preventative measures and counseling is essential to minimize the adverse effects of treatment. Physical activity and healthy eating to promote weight loss in the whole population should be encouraged. PMID: 27327565 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal de Pediatria - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: J Pediatr (Rio J) Source Type: research
Conclusions: The prevalence of obesity/overweight is lower in our cohort when compared to Western literature. It remains to be clarified whether this reflects the underlying undernutrition in our country, or whether our cohort of survivors is indeed distinct from their Western counterparts. Comparison with age/sex-matched normal controls and baseline parameters would yield more meaningful results.
Source: Indian Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: The prevalence of obesity/overweight is lower in our cohort when compared to Western literature. It remains to be clarified whether this reflects the underlying undernutrition in our country, or whether our cohort of survivors is indeed distinct from their Western counterparts. Comparison with age/sex-matched normal controls and baseline parameters would yield more meaningful results.
Source: Indian Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Backgroud/Aims: Poor quality of life (QoL) has been reported in adults with growth hormone deficiency. Few studies have examined QoL in adults with childhood onset multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies (COMPHD). We evaluated QoL in adults with COMPHD. Methods: COMPHD participants aged ≥18 years were identified from hospital medical records and the clinics of one author (M.Z.). Age- and sex-matched controls were recruited for every participant. The World Health Organization QoL Questionnaire, the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Male Sexual Quotient (MSQ) were used t...
Source: Hormone Research in Paediatrics - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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