Atmospheric Interactions and Cardiac Arrhythmias: Langrish et al. Respond

1University/BHF Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom; 2Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Division of Medicine/Respiratory Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden About This Article open Citation: Langrish JP, Bosson JA, Sandström T, Blomberg A, Newby DE, Mills NL. 2015. Atmospheric interactions and cardiac arrhythmias: Langrish et al. respond. Environ Health Perspect 123:A144–A145; E-mail: The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. Final Publication: 1 June 2015 PDF Version (82 KB) We agree with Čulić’s argument (2015) that environmental influences on human health are complex and likely multifactorial. Exposure to indoor and ambient urban air pollution has been estimated to contribute to 7 million premature deaths each year, predominantly from cardiovascular and respiratory conditions (Lim et al. 2012). Associations between exposure and cardiovascular mortality and morbidity have been demonstrated for nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter (Brook et al. 2010), although the associations are strongest for fine and ultrafine particulate matter (Hoek et al. 2013). Air pollution is extremely complex and consists not of single components in isolation but rather combinations of components. These constituent components interact with one another in ...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Correspondence June 2015 Source Type: research

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