Otological findings and other symptoms related to temporomandibular disorders in young people
In a prospective, observational study between April and November 2017 we evaluated the correlation between temporomandibular disorder (TMD), and otological signs and other symptoms in a sample of 251 patients. First, a simplified anamnestic questionnaire was applied for the diagnosis of TMD and the following symptoms were recorded: otalgia, tinnitus, vertigo, pruritus of the ear, feeling of hearing loss, fullness in the ear, headache, pain in the eye, neck pain, back pain, and dizziness. Some degree of TMD was detected in 177 of the participants (70.5%). (Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - August 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: L.F.O. Maciel, F.S. Landim, B.C. Vasconcelos Source Type: research

Pain-free and pain-controlled survival after sectioning the nervus intermedius in nervus intermedius neuralgia: a single-institution review.
CONCLUSIONS In this retrospective review, sectioning of the NI produced no major complications, such as permanent facial weakness or deafness, and was effective for patients when performed in addition to other procedures. After sectioning of the NI, patients experienced 4.8 years pain free and experienced 6.2 years of less pain than before surgery. Alone, sectioning of the NI was not effective. The pathophysiology of NIN is not entirely understood. It appears that neurovascular compression plays only a minor role in the syndrome and there is a high degree of overlap with TN. PMID: 30117769 [PubMed - as supplied by pub...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - August 17, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Holste KG, Hardaway FA, Raslan AM, Burchiel KJ Tags: J Neurosurg Source Type: research

Azithromycin and Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Adults: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Conclusion: Azithromycin short-term use was not associated with an increased risk of SNHL in comparison to amoxicillin ± clavulanate. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - August 16, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Sens Orineural Hearing Loss and Tinnitus Source Type: research

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Predicts Ischemic Stroke: a Longitudinal Follow-Up Study
Objectives: To investigate the risk of stroke in SSNHL patients. Study Design: A longitudinal follow-up cohort study. Setting: The Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort from 2002 to 2013. Patients: The 4,944 SSNHL participants were matched with 19,776 controls for age, sex, income, region of residence, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. The SSNHL subjects were diagnosed (International Classification of Disease [ICD]-10: H91.2), underwent an audiometry examination, and were treated with steroids. The history of hemorrhagic stroke, ischemic stroke, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipide...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - August 16, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Sens Orineural Hearing Loss and Tinnitus Source Type: research

Hearing Loss Asymmetry due to Chronic Occupational Noise Exposure
Conclusion: Findings of this study further indicate that the left ear is more susceptible to noise exposure compared with the right ear. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - August 16, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Sens Orineural Hearing Loss and Tinnitus Source Type: research

Adenomatous Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Middle Ear: A Multi-institutional Investigation of 32 Cases and Development of a Staging System
Conclusions: Patients with MEANTs can present with nonspecific symptomatology that overlaps with more commonly encountered middle ear lesions. MEANT exhibits a proclivity for recurrence according to T-stage and long-term clinical follow up is necessary, particularly for advanced stage tumors. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - August 16, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Tumors of the Ear and Cranial Base Source Type: research

Neurological Symptoms in US Government Personnel in Cuba
To the Editor In a report on 21 US diplomatic staff who became unwell in Cuba, the authors rejected the possibility of a functional neurological disorder as the etiology. We disagree. The accompanying Editorial pointed out that functional neurological disorders are genuine and not malingering. Patients with functional disorders typically pass cognitive tests of effort, and there is no epidemiological evidence to suggest that they seek time away from the workplace. Functional disorders are typically persistent and commonly coexist with, or are triggered by, minor pathophysiological or psychophysiological processes. In many ...
Source: JAMA - August 14, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Inhibition of Experimental Tinnitus With High Frequency Stimulation of the Rat Medial Geniculate Body
Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface, EarlyView. (Source: Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface)
Source: Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface - August 13, 2018 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Gusta van Zwieten MD , Marcus L. F. Janssen MD, PhD , Jasper V. Smit MD , A. Miranda L. Janssen MSc , Milaine Roet MD , Ali Jahanshahi PhD , Robert J. Stokroos MD, PhD , Yasin Temel MD, PhD Source Type: research

Tinnitus Suppression in Cochlear Implant Patients Using a Sound Therapy App.
Conclusion: The results suggest that the use of tinnitus therapy sounds delivered through a CI can be acceptable and provides relief for some tinnitus sufferers. PMID: 30105356 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Audiology)
Source: American Journal of Audiology - August 13, 2018 Category: Audiology Authors: Tyler RS, Owen RL, Bridges J, Gander PE, Perreau A, Mancini PC Tags: Am J Audiol Source Type: research

Change of Tinnitus with Xenon Phototherapy of the Stellate Ganglion
Photomedicine and Laser Surgery, Ahead of Print. (Source: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery)
Source: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery - August 10, 2018 Category: Laser Surgery Authors: Masako Shimizu Takashi Matsuzuka Fumiaki Matsumi Hiroshi Ogawa Shigeyuki Murono Source Type: research

Effect of Neuronal Excitability in Hippocampal CA1 Area on Auditory Pathway in a Rat Model of Tinnitus.
Conclusions: The study shows that the hippocampus is excited in SA-induced tinnitus, and stimulation of hippocampus could modulate neuronal excitability of the AC. The hippocampus is involved in tinnitus and may also have a regulatory effect on the neural center. PMID: 30082529 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Chinese Medical Journal)
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - August 9, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ding YJ, Song Y, Liu JX, Du YL, Zhu L, Ma FR Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research

Clipping of sigmoid sinus diverticulum: how I do it.
CONCLUSION: Transmastoid clipping of a sigmoid sinus diverticulum can be a safe and effective method of managing pulsatile tinnitus resulting from a sigmoid sinus diverticulum. PMID: 30078382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - August 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Sudden hearing loss as an early detector of multiple sclerosis: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: S-SNHL can be an early manifestation of MS and should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of this condition, especially in women. The pathophysiology can be explained by the involvement of microglia attacking the central and/or peripheral auditory pathways as indicated by WMHs. PMID: 30058696 [PubMed - in process] (Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences)
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - August 2, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research

Effect of Nitrous Oxide as a Treatment for Subjective, Idiopathic, Nonpulsatile Bothersome Tinnitus
This randomized clinical trial investigates whether inhaled nitrous oxide and oxygen vs inhaled nitrogen and oxygen can reduce bothersome tinnitus among adults with subjective, idiopathic, nonpulsatile tinnitus of 6 months ’ duration or longer. (Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - August 2, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Pattern of tympanic membrane perforation in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria
Conclusion: Tympanic membrane perforation arises mainly from middle ear infections and traumatic causes. At presentation, size and location of perforation vary which depend on duration of infection or the traumatic causes. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 2, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: WA Adegbiji GT Olajide OA Olajuyin F Olatoke CC Nwawolo Source Type: research

Functional brain changes in auditory phantom perception evoked by different stimulus frequencies
Publication date: Available online 31 July 2018Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Jeffrey Hullfish, Ian Abenes, Silvia Kovacs, Stefan Sunaert, Dirk De Ridder, Sven VannesteAbstractBayesian models of brain function such as active inference and predictive coding offer a general theoretical framework with which to explain several aspects of normal and disordered brain function. Of particular interest to the present study is the potential for such models to explain the pathology of auditory phantom perception, i.e. tinnitus. To test this framework empirically, we perform an fMRI experiment on a large clinical sample (n&thi...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - August 1, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Tinnitus distress is associated with enhanced resting-state functional connectivity within the default mode network
(Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment)
Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment - August 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Source Type: research

Cross-cultural adaptation of the Tinnitus Functional Index for measurement of chronic tinnitus in Hong Kong Chinese patients.
PMID: 30135275 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Hong Kong Med J)
Source: Hong Kong Med J - August 1, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kam AC, Leung EK, Chan PY, Cheung AP, Tong MC Tags: Hong Kong Med J Source Type: research

Stent Survival and Stent-Adjacent Stenosis Rates following Venous Sinus Stenting for Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusion: Stent-adjacent stenosis is an important complication following venous stenting in patients with DVSS and IIH. Further studies are needed to identify determinants of stent-adjacent stenosis and stent nonsurvival.Intervent Neurol 2018;7:490 –500 (Source: Interventional Neurology)
Source: Interventional Neurology - July 31, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

A Comprehensive Study of Oxidative Stress in Tinnitus Patients
AbstractOxidative stress is considered to be one of the molecular changes that are the underlying causes of tinnitus. The aim of this study was to investigate the dynamic thiol/disulphide homeostasis as a new oxidative stress parameter in tinnitus patients as well as to investigate the  lipid hydroperoxide (LOOH), total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS) and oxidative stress index (OSI) parameters and compare the results with the results of the healthy control group. A prospective controlled trial was performed on tinnitus patients in Harran University hospit al. A total of 70 subjects...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - July 27, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Small arms fire-like noise: Effects on hearing loss, gap detection and the influence of preventive treatment
Publication date: Available online 25 July 2018Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Richard A. Altschuler, Karin Halsey, Ariane Kanicki, Cathy Martin, Diane Prieskorn, Susan DeRemer, David F. DolanAbstractA noise-induced loss of inner hair cell – auditory nerve synaptic connections has been suggested as a factor that can trigger the progression of maladaptive plastic changes leading to noise-induced tinnitus. The present study used a military relevant small arms fire-like noise (50 biphasic impulses over 2.5 minutes at 152 dB SPL given unilaterally to the right ear) to induce loss (∼1/3) of inner hair cell synaptic rib...
Source: Neuroscience - July 25, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Therapeutic Approaches to the Treatment of Tinnitus.
Abstract Tinnitus is a highly prevalent condition that is associated with hearing loss in most cases. In the absence of external stimuli, phantom perceptions of sounds emerge from alterations in neuronal activity within central auditory and nonauditory structures. Pioneering studies using lidocaine revealed that tinnitus is susceptible to pharmacological interventions. However, lidocaine is not effective in all patients, and no other drug has been identified with clear efficacy for the long-term treatment of tinnitus. In this review, we present recent advances in tinnitus research, including more detailed knowledg...
Source: Pharmacological Reviews - July 25, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Langguth B, Elgoyhen AB, Cederroth CR Tags: Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol Source Type: research

Ear drops for the removal of ear wax.
CONCLUSIONS: Although a number of studies aimed to evaluate whether or not one type of cerumenolytic is more effective than another, there is no high-quality evidence to allow a firm conclusion to be drawn and the answer remains uncertain.A single study suggests that applying ear drops for five days may result in a greater likelihood of complete wax clearance than no treatment at all. However, we cannot conclude whether one type of active treatment is more effective than another and there was no evidence of a difference in efficacy between oil-based and water-based active treatments.There is no evidence to show that using ...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - July 25, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Aaron K, Cooper TE, Warner L, Burton MJ Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Pantoprazole, an Inhibitor of the Organic Cation Transporter 2, Does Not Ameliorate Cisplatin‐Related Ototoxicity or Nephrotoxicity in Children and Adolescents with Newly Diagnosed Osteosarcoma Treated with Methotrexate, Doxorubicin, and Cisplatin
Conclusion.Pantoprazole did not ameliorate cisplatin ototoxicity or nephrotoxicity. The decrease in GFRcysC and increase in N‐acetyl‐ß‐glucosaminidase (NAG) and creatinine demonstrate that these biomarkers can quantify cisplatin glomerular and proximal tubular toxicity. OCT2 inhibition by pantoprazole did not appear to alter antitumor response or survival. (Source: The Oncologist)
Source: The Oncologist - July 23, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Elizabeth Fox, Kristin Levin, Yan Zhu, Blair Segers, Naomi Balamuth, Richard Womer, Rochelle Bagatell, Frank Balis Tags: Sarcomas, Chinese Edition, Clinical Trial Results Source Type: research

Losartan Prevents Maladaptive Auditory-Somatosensory Plasticity After Hearing Loss via Transforming Growth Factor- β Signaling Suppression.
Conclusion: Losartan might prevent axonal sprouting after hearing loss by blocking TGF-β signaling thereby preventing maladaptive auditory-somatosensory plasticity. PMID: 30021416 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - July 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Transvenous balloon-assisted Onyx embolization of dural arteriovenous fistulas of hypoglossal canal
ConclusionsOur experience in this small series of patients indicated transvenous balloon-assisted Onyx embolization was a feasible and effective option for treating selected HCDAVFs. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - July 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

86. A case study of SNHL (tinnitus) managed by ayurvedic treatment
Publication date: April–June 2018Source: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Volume 9, Issue 2, Supplement 1Author(s): Ganga Hadimani (Source: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine)
Source: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine - July 19, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Traumatic tympanic membrane perforations: characteristics and factors affecting outcome.
Conclusions: TTMP was common in young adult males, caused often by assaults, presented with ear hearing loss and tinnitus, perforations were located in antero-inferior part of TM and most healed well. Factors associated with poor healing were postero-superior location, large size and penetrating injuries to the TM. Funding: Not indicated. PMID: 30013259 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - July 19, 2018 Category: African Health Tags: Ghana Med J Source Type: research

Neurootologisches Counseling bei chronischem Tinnitus
Laryngo-Rhino-Otol DOI: 10.1055/a-0648-4856Die Diagnostik und Behandlung des Tinnitus erfordert neurootologische Kompetenz und eine ebenso sachgerechte wie für den Tinnitus-Betroffenen verständliche Aufklärung.Leitliniengerecht entscheidend ist – entsprechend der Tinnitus-Leitlinien von 2015 – die „Beratung des Patienten durch den betreuenden Arzt hinsichtlich seiner persönlichen Ätiopathogenese, wie der persönlichen Verarbeitung des Tinnitus, der Prognose, tinnitusverstärkender Faktoren oder das Ohr schädigender Einflüsse“.Dementsprechend ...
Source: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie - July 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Beyrau, Dagmar Schaaf, Helmut Hesse, Gerhard Tags: Originalarbeit Source Type: research

Surgical Neuromodulation of Tinnitus: A Review of Current Therapies and Future Applications
Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface, EarlyView. (Source: Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface)
Source: Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface - July 17, 2018 Category: Biotechnology Authors: RichardRammoMD , RushnaAliMD , AqueelPabaneyMD , MichaelSeidmanMD , JasonSchwalbMD Source Type: research

Endolymphatic duct blockage for refractory M énière's disease: assessment of intraoperative CSF leak on short-term surgical outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative CSF Leak may cause a temporary non-significant worsening of hearing in the first-month postoperatively without any difference at 6 months. PMID: 30016910 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica)
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - July 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Saliba I, Asmar MH Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research

A large hiatal hernia with cameron ulcer presenting as refractory sever iron deficiency anemia: A case report
ConclusionCameron ulcer is a rare cause of iron deficiency anemia from chronic blood loss. It is fatal but easily treatable ulcer at hiatal hernia. It very rare in pediatrics age particularly under five children and high index of suspicion is lifesaving. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports - July 13, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Effective deep brain stimulation of intractable tinnitus: A case study
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018Source: Brain StimulationAuthor(s): Eva Dijkstra, Martijn Figee, Damiaan Denys, P. Richard Schuurman (Source: Brain Stimulation)
Source: Brain Stimulation - July 12, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Tinnitus perception in patients after vagal nerve stimulator implantation for epilepsy
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018Source: American Journal of OtolaryngologyAuthor(s): Helena Wichova, Sameer A. Alvi, James Lin, Keith Sale, Christopher Larsen, Hinrich StaeckerAbstractPurposeVagal nerve stimulation in conjunction with sound therapy has been proposed as a treatment for subjective tinnitus. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively review the effect of VNS on perception of tinnitus in epilepsy patients. We explore the incidence of tinnitus and its perceived reduction in patients requiring implantation of VNS for medically refractory seizures.Materials and methodsA phone survey was conduc...
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - July 12, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Effective deep brain stimulation of intractable tinnitus: A case study
Tinnitus, the hearing of sound when no external sound is present, may cause severe distress and impair quality of life in 0.5-3% of the adult population [1]. Chronic severe tinnitus is often accompanied by severe insomnia, anxiety and depression, eventually resulting in suicide and requests for euthanasia [2]. For these patients, few treatment options are currently available and 20% remains affected despite treatment [1]. (Source: BRAIN STIMULATION: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation)
Source: BRAIN STIMULATION: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation - July 12, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Eva Dijkstra, Martijn Figee, Damiaan Denys, P. Richard Schuurman Source Type: research

The Role of Migraine in Hearing and Balance Symptoms
Episodic dizziness is a highly prevalent symptom that has historically been a challenge for primary care physicians, neurologists, and otolaryngologists to accurately diagnosis and properly treat. With an array of diagnoses to consider, including benign positional vertigo, vestibular migraine, M énière disease, vertebrobasilar syndrome, and vestibular schwannoma, among others, considerable effort has been placed by otolaryngology and neurology societies to carefully examine the literature and generate clinical criteria and guidelines to aid the clinician and to standardize diagnostic algo rithms and treatment...
Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - July 12, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Association of Tinnitus and Other Cochlear Disorders With a History of Migraines
This cohort study used claims data from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005 to investigate the risk of tinnitus and other cochlear disorders inr patients with a history of migraines. (Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - July 12, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Is Not a Sentinel Event for Acute Myocardial Infarction
Conclusions: ISSNHL is not a predictor of an initial AMI in adult patients from the United States. Considerable inconsistencies in associations between cardiovascular risk factors and ISSNHL exist in the literature. Further work is needed to confirm or refute direct associations between cardiovascular disease risk factors and ISSNHL before definitive mechanistic conclusions can be made. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - July 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Sensorineural Hearing Loss and Tinnitus Source Type: research

Use of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator for treatment of recalcitrant anterior uveitis: A case series
Publication date: Available online 6 April 2018Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical SciencesAuthor(s): Sylves Patrick, Chan Hui-Tze, Wan Hitam Wan-Hazabbah, Embong Zunaina, Yaakub Azhany, Ahmad Tajudin Liza-SharminiAbstractManagement of inflammation after surgery for recalcitrant anterior uveitis is challenging. Herein, we report successful treatment using intracameral injection of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) in two patients with recalcitrant anterior uveitis, due to infective uveitis and Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada disease, respectively. A 40-year-old woman presented with bilateral redness...
Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences - July 11, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research

The efficacy and safety of multiple sessions of multisite transcranial random noise stimulation in treating chronic tinnitus
ConclusionsThe results of this study showed a substantial improvement in tinnitus symptoms by using the multiple sessions of transcranial random noise stimulation in the multisite protocol without producing any additional side effects. We suggest further clinical trials with long-term follow-up be investigated.ResumoIntroduçãoTem sido relatado que a estimulação transcraniana por ruído aleatório é um tipo mais eficaz e seguro de técnica de estimulação elétrica no alívio dos sintomas do zumbido. O protocolo multissítio da estimula&cced...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - July 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Tinnitus evaluation: relation among pitch matching and loudness, visual analog scale and tinnitus handicap inventory
ConclusionThere was a significant correlation between the values measured by the tinnitus handicap inventory, visual analogical scale (annoyance) and loudness matching in the evaluation of tinnitus. The selection of any one of the three evaluative methods for tinnitus investigation provides different dimensions of the tinnitus and complements the others.ResumoIntroduçãoO zumbido é um sintoma auditivo de natureza subjetivo, normalmente associado a um som, mesmo na ausência de fontes sonoras externas. Apresenta diagnóstico complexo, uma das formas de mensuração é a utili...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - July 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Effect of caffeine on vestibular evoked myogenic potential: a systematic review with meta-analysis
ConclusionAnalyzing the articles found, caffeine has no effect on vestibular evoked myogenic potential in normal individuals.ResumoIntroduçãoA cafeína pode ser considerada a droga mais consumida por adultos em nível mundial, podendo ser encontrada em inúmeros alimentos, como no chocolate, café, chá, refrigerante e outros. Em geral, a cafeína em doses moderadas, produz ótimos rendimentos físico e intelectual, aumenta a capacidade de concentração e diminui o tempo de reação aos estímulos sensoriais. Por outro lado, doses ...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - July 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Evaluation of selective attention in patients with misophonia
ConclusionThe misophonia participants presented a lower percentage of correct responses in the dichotic sentence identification test with chewing sound; suggesting that individuals with misophonia may have selective attention impairment when they are exposed to sounds that trigger this condition.ResumoIntroduçãoA misofonia é caracterizada pela aversão a certos sons muito seletivos, que evocam uma forte reação emocional. Tem sido demonstrado que a misofonia, bem como o zumbido, estão associados à hiperconectividade entre os sistemas auditivo e límbico. Indiv&iac...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - July 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

The use of tDCS as a therapeutic option for tinnitus: a systematic review
ConclusionBased on literature studied, there is no therapeutic response of tinnitus to transcranial direct current stimulation.ResumoIntroduçãoDevido à subjetividade do diagnóstico do zumbido e a suas diversas etiologias, o estabelecimento de um tratamento eficaz é complexo. Neste contexto surge a transcranial direct current stimulation, uma opção não invasiva, acessível para grande parte dos pacientes, e que tem apresentado bons resultados no tratamento de outros sintomas como dor crônica.ObjetivoAvaliar a resposta terapêutica do zumbido ao transcr...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - July 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Role of preoperative air-bone gap in tinnitus outcome after tympanoplasty for chronic otitis media with tinnitus
Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Volume 84, Issue 2Author(s): Hong Chan Kim, Chul Ho Jang, Young Yoon Kim, Jong Yuap Seong, Sung Hoon Kang, Yong Beom ChoAbstractIntroductionPrevious reports indicated that middle ear surgery might partially improve tinnitus after surgery. However, until now, no influencing factor has been determined for tinnitus outcome after middle ear surgery.ObjectiveThe purpose of this study was to investigate the association between preoperative air-bone gap and tinnitus outcome after tympanoplasty type I.MethodsSeventy-five patients with tinnitu...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - July 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Tinnitus and sound intolerance: evidence and experience of a Brazilian group
ConclusionA review on tinnitus and auditory sensitivity was presented, allowing the reader a broad view of the approach to these patients, based on scientific evidence and national experience.ResumoIntroduçãoZumbido e intolerância a sons são queixas frequentes e subjetivas que podem ter impacto na qualidade de vida do paciente.ObjetivoApresentar uma revisão dos principais pontos incluindo conceitos, fisiopatologia, diagnóstico e abordagem do paciente com zumbido e sensibilidade a sons.MétodoRevisão da literatura com levantamento bibliográfico na base de dados da...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - July 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Degree of tinnitus improvement with stapes surgery – a review
ConclusionWe conclude that stapes surgery is effective for the treatment of tinnitus (average improvement is 85.52%), and hearing loss (average improvement is 93%). When deciding about the surgical indication in patients with otosclerosis, the presence and level tinnitus should be considered as well as the level of hearing.ResumoIntroduçãoA otosclerose é uma osteodistrofia do osso temporal, caracterizada pela reabsorção e neoformação óssea desordenadas em indivíduos geneticamente predispostos. Clinicamente, a otosclerose é caracterizada por perda auditiv...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - July 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

The Cochleural Alternating Acoustic Beam Therapy (CAABT): A pre-clinical trial
ConclusionThe therapy seemed effective in patients of varying severities, and no side effects were observed in this trial. The CAABT can be an alternative for those who are suitable for sound therapy once a large scale of and better controlled clinical studies have validated the findings of this experiment. (Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology)
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Diagnostic yield of MRI of the brain and IAC in patients with neurotologic complaints
ConclusionsIn a tertiary neurotology center, the likelihood of finding a retrocochlear tumor on MRI is rare. In the current study, unilateral tinnitus exclusively, “definite MD,” and “probable MD” failed to yield a single example of retrocochlear tumor. Patients with “possible MD” had the highest probability of finding retrocochlear tumors and other relevant pathology. (Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology)
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Comparison of intratympanic dexamethasone therapy and hyperbaric oxygen therapy for the salvage treatment of refractory high-frequency sudden sensorineural hearing loss
ConclusionITD therapy may have better improvements of tinnitus and hearing gains at 8 KHz than HBO therapy in patients with refractory high-frequency SSNHL. (Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology)
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research