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Tinnitus, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in the Military
ConclusionsAdditional research is warranted to determine the common and unique symptoms and associated neurological pathways of tinnitus, TBI, and PTSD. Brief treatment recommendations are provided, including a multidisciplinary approach for the physical and psychological distress associated with tinnitus. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - November 28, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Electroencephalographic evaluation of acoustic therapies for the treatment of chronic and refractory tinnitus
To date, a large number of acoustic therapies have been applied to treat tinnitus. The effect that produces those auditory stimuli is, however, not well understood yet. Furthermore, the conventional clinical p... (Source: BMC Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders)
Source: BMC Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders - November 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Luz Mar ía Alonso-Valerdi, David I. Ibarra-Zarate, Francisco J. Tavira-Sánchez, Ricardo A. Ramírez-Mendoza and Manuel Recuero Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Right-Ear Advantage for Speech-in-Noise Recognition in Patients with Nonlateralized Tinnitus and Normal Hearing Sensitivity
In this study, the Quick Speech-in-Noise test (QuickSIN) was conducted monaurally on 14 patients with bilateral tinnitus and 14 age- and hearing-matched adults to determine the relation between tinnitus characteristics and speech understanding. Further, Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), tinnitus loudness magnitude estimation, and loudness matching were obtained to better characterize the perceptual and psychological aspects of tinnitus. The patients reported low THI scores, with most participants in the slight handicap category. Significant between-group differences in speech-in-noise performance were only found at the 5-...
Source: JARO - Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology - November 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

An improved system for grading and treating tinnitus
Tinnitus is an auditory sensation that can cause discomfort or even pain. Because patients with tinnitus frequently have psychological problems, self-reporting of the severity of tinnitus is unreliable. We developed a new grading system and practical protocol for the systematic treatment of tinnitus that accounts for its severity, patients ’ psychological problems, and the frequency of catastrophic episodes. The aim of this study is to employ and validate the new system in patients with tinnitus. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - November 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mariko Takahashi, Kayoko Kabaya, Kenichi Sekiya, Futoshi Matsuda, Yoshimasa Sekiya, Shinichi Esaki, Yuji Sato, Akira Inagaki, Shingo Murakami Source Type: research

Gap-induced reductions of evoked potentials in the auditory cortex: a possible objective marker for the presence of tinnitus.
Abstract Animal models of tinnitus are essential for determining the underlying mechanisms and testing pharmacotherapies. However, there is doubt over the validity of current behavioural methods for detecting tinnitus. Here, we applied a stimulus paradigm widely used in a behavioural test (gap-induced inhibition of the acoustic startle reflex GPIAS) while recording from the auditory cortex, and showed neural response changes that mirror those found in the behavioural tests. We implanted guinea pigs (GPs) with electrocorticographic (ECoG) arrays and recorded baseline auditory cortical responses to a startling stimu...
Source: Brain Research - November 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Berger JI, Owen W, Wilson CA, Hockley A, Coomber B, Palmer AR, Wallace MN Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research

Lateralization effects on functional connectivity of the auditory network in patients with unilateral pulsatile tinnitus as detected by functional MRI
In this study, we recruited 23 left-sided, 23 right-sided PT (LSPT, RSPT) patients and 23 normal controls (NC). We combined applied independent component analysis and seed-based functional connectivity (FC) analysis to investigate alteration feature of the FC of the AN by using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). Compared with NC, LSPT patients demonstrated disconnected FC within the AN on both sides. Disrupted network integrity between AN and several brain functional networks, including executive control network, self-perceptual network and the limbic network, was also demonstrated in LSPT patie...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - November 24, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Protean Neuropsychiatric and Vestibuloauditory Manifestations of Neurosarcoidosis
Conclusions: Neurosarcoidosis is an elusive diagnosis and can cause hearing loss and psychiatric symptoms. Cochlear implantation for patients with severe hearing loss should be considered once the diagnosis is confirmed, as it is possible to achieve a successful level of hearing. Psychiatric symptoms can manifest with the onset of neurosarcoidosis, result from CN deficits, or develop as a side effect from long-term, high-dose corticosteroids, and should be monitored carefully in patients with neurosarcoidosis.Audiol Neurotol 2017;22:205-217 (Source: Audiology and Neurotology)
Source: Audiology and Neurotology - November 22, 2017 Category: Audiology Source Type: research

Transition from Acute to Chronic Tinnitus: Predictors for the Development of Chronic Distressing Tinnitus
Elisabeth Wallh äusser-Franke, Roberto D’Amelio, Anna Glauner, Wolfgang Delb, Jérôme J. Servais, Karl Hörmann, Ines Repik (Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - November 20, 2017 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Impact of chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicities on adult cancer survivors ’ symptom burden and quality of life
AbstractPurposeLimited information is available on the impact of chemotherapy (CTX)-induced neurotoxicity on adult survivors ’ symptom experience and quality of life (QOL). Purposes were to describe occurrence of hearing loss and tinnitus and evaluate for differences in phenotypic characteristics and measures of sensation, balance, perceived stress, symptom burden, and QOL between survivors who received neurotoxic CTX a nd did (i.e., neurotoxicity group) and did not (i.e., no neurotoxicity group) develop neurotoxicity. Neurotoxicity was defined as the presence of chemotherapy-induced neuropathy (CIN), hearing loss, a...
Source: Journal of Cancer Survivorship - November 20, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Retrospective comparison of three-dimensional imaging sequences in the visualization of posterior fossa cranial nerves
Publication date: December 2017 Source:European Journal of Radiology, Volume 97 Author(s): Suna Ors, Ercan Inci, Rustu Turkay, Atilla Kokurcan, Elif Hocaoglu Purpose To compare efficancy of three-dimentional SPACE (sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts using different flip-angle evolutions) and CISS (constructive interference in steady state) sequences in the imaging of the cisternal segments of cranial nerves V–XII. Methods Temporal MRI scans from 50 patients (F:M ratio, 27:23; mean age, 44.5±15.9 years) admitted to our hospital with vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss were retrospectively...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - November 19, 2017 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

[Neurofeedback for the treatment of chronic tinnitus : Review and future perspectives].
Authors: Kleinjung T, Thüring C, Güntensperger D, Neff P, Meyer M Abstract Neurofeedback is a noninvasive neuromodulation technique employing real-time display of brain activity in terms of electroencephalography (EEG) signals to teach self-regulation of distinct patterns of brain activity or influence brain activity in a targeted manner. The benefit of this approach for control of symptoms in attention deficit disorders, hyperactivity, depression, and migraine has been proven. Studies in recent years have also repeatedly shown this treatment to improve tinnitus symptoms, although it has not become e...
Source: HNO - November 18, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

Changes in gray and white matter in subgroups within the tinnitus population.
In this study, we investigated gray and white matter changes in subgroups within the larger tinnitus population related to differences in severity or duration of tinnitus symptoms. Tinnitus is the illusory perception of sound in the absence of an external source, most often experienced as a chronic condition. The psychological reaction to the sound constitutes the severity, or degree of discomfort experienced, and the duration refers to the time since onset of chronic tinnitus. We used voxel- and surface-based morphometry to investigate gray matter changes and diffusion tensor imaging (using fractional anisotropy, or FA, m...
Source: Brain Research - November 17, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Schmidt SA, Zimmerman B, Medina ROB, Carpenter-Thompson JR, Husain FT Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research

Hearing impairment is common among Saami adults in Northern Finland.
The objective was to investigate the presence and type of HI among Saami adults, aged 49-77 years (median age 61 years), living in northern Finland. In addition, the presence of self-reported hearing difficulties, difficulties to hear in background noise and tinnitus were studied. An epidemiological, cross-sectional study encompassing a structured interview, otological examination and audiometry was performed. Bilateral HI was present in 42.9% of men and 29.4% of women, when HI was defined as a pure tone average (PTA) of at least 20 dB hearing level (HL) or more at the frequencies of 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 kHz. In one o...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - November 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Cochlear Implant Associated Labyrinthitis: A Previously Unrecognized Phenomenon With a Distinct Clinical and Electrophysiological Impedance Pattern
Conclusions: We describe a unique clinical entity, “cochlear implant associated labyrinthitis,” characterized by a distinct constellation of clinical symptoms and corresponding electrode impedance anomalies. The exact cause for this event remains unknown, but may be related to viral illness, delayed foreign body reaction to the electrode, or a reaction to electrical stimulation. Future studies characterizing this unique clinical entity are needed to further elucidate cause and optimal management. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - November 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Cochlear Implants Source Type: research

Prospective Evaluation of Patients Undergoing Translabyrinthine Excision of Vestibular Schwannoma with Concurrent Cochlear Implantation
Conclusions: These data demonstrate preservation of electrical hearing in TL VS surgery is consistently possible, and although speech outcomes do not achieve the same levels seen with other etiologies of hearing loss, excellent improvement in sound localization, improved speech understanding, and substantial reductions in tinnitus are achieved. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - November 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Tumors of the Ear and Cranial Base Source Type: research

Petrous Apex Cholesterol Granulomas: Outcomes, Complications, and Hearing Results From Surgical and Wait-and-Scan Management
Conclusion: Surgical drainage is preferable to more aggressive resection procedures, with the latter reserved for recurrent lesions or lesions with severe hearing loss/involvement of critical neurovascular structures. ITF-B approach provides adequate cyst and neurovascular control for resection, while avoiding brain retraction. An initial wait-and-scan approach can be used in most patients where symptoms and imaging justify so. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - November 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Tumors of the Ear and Cranial Base Source Type: research

Management of Sigmoid Sinus Associated Pulsatile Tinnitus: A Systematic Review of the Literature
Conclusion: PT as a result of sigmoid sinus diverticula, aneurysms, and dehiscence is a rare, but largely treatable condition. Available interventions include SSW R/R, endovascular intervention, and cardiac U-clip techniques. In SSW R/R, bone pate, unspecified soft-tissue graft, and bone cement had the highest rates of PT resolution. While temporalis fascia and autologous bone chips were the materials most commonly used, they had significantly lower rates of PT resolution compared with the other materials, with the exception of auricular cartilage and bone cement. Most episodes of recurrence are resolved with medical manag...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - November 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The Etiological Relationship Between Migraine and Sudden Hearing Loss
Conclusion: SSNHL patients had a higher prevalence of migraine. Although those with migraine had higher recovery rates, the differences were not statistically significant. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - November 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Sensorineural Hearing Loss and Tinnitus Source Type: research

STRC Deletion is a Frequent Cause of Slight to Moderate Congenital Hearing Impairment in the Czech Republic
Conclusions: Following GJB2, STRC was the second most frequently mutated gene in patients from the Czech Republic with hearing loss. To decrease the cost of testing, we recommend STRC deletion screening with MLPA before next-generation sequencing. The existence of a pseudogene and polymorphic STRC regions can lead to false-positive or false-negative results when copy number variation analysis is based on next-generation sequencing data. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - November 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Sensorineural Hearing Loss and Tinnitus Source Type: research

Electrode Impedance Fluctuations as a Biomarker for Inner Ear Pathology After Cochlear Implantation
Conclusion: Our results suggest that there is a relationship between a spike and the loss of residual hearing. It seems that rises in impedance can reflect pathology within the inner ear and predict the future loss of residual hearing. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - November 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Cochlear Implants Source Type: research

Glutamate is down-regulated and tinnitus loudness-levels decreased following rTMS over auditory cortex of the left hemisphere: A prospective randomized single-blinded sham-controlled cross-over study.
Abstract Using a prospective randomized single-blinded sham-controlled cross-over design, we studied the efficacy of low frequency (1-Hz) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over auditory cortex of the left temporal lobe as an experimental treatment modality for noise-induced tinnitus. Pre/post outcome measures for sham vs. active rTMS conditions included differential changes in tinnitus loudness, self-perceived changes in the Tinnitus Handicap Questionnaire (THQ), and neurochemical changes of brain metabolite concentrations using single voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) obtai...
Source: Hearing Research - November 14, 2017 Category: Audiology Authors: Cacace AT, Hu J, Romero S, Xuan Y, Burkard RF, Tyler RS Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research

Tinnitus and Hearing Survey: A Polish Study of Validity and Reliability in a Clinical Population
In conclusion, the THS-POL is a valid and reliable screening tool to assist in deciding about the optimal management approach.Audiol Neurotol 2017;22:197-204 (Source: Audiology and Neurotology)
Source: Audiology and Neurotology - November 10, 2017 Category: Audiology Source Type: research

Performance of the Tinnitus Functional Index as a diagnostic instrument in a UK clinical population.
CONCLUSION: The TFI was confirmed to cover multiple symptom domains, measuring a multi-domain construct of tinnitus, and satisfies a range of psychometric requirements for a good clinical measure, including having excellent reliability, stability over time and sensitivity to individual differences in tinnitus severity. However, a modified seven-factor structure without the Auditory subscale (TFI-22) is recommended for calculating a global composite score for UK patients. Using patients' experience and Receiver Operator Characteristic analysis, a grading system was presented which identifies the distinct grades of tinnitus ...
Source: Hearing Research - November 9, 2017 Category: Audiology Authors: Fackrell K, Hall DA, Barry JG, Hoare DJ Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research

Internal jugular vein stenosis induced intracranial hypertension can be resolved by stenting
Abstract BackgroundIdiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is characterized by abnormally elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) without identifiable etiology. Recently, however, a subset of patients with presumed IIH have been found with isolated internal jugular vein (IJV) stenosis in the absence of intracranial abnormalities. MethodsFifteen consecutive patients were screened from 46 patients suspected as IIH and were finally confirmed as isolated IJV stenosis. The stenotic IJV was corrected with stenting when a trans‐stenotic mean pressure gradient (∆MPG) was equal or higher than 5.44 cmH2O. Dynamic MRV/CTV/DSA of ...
Source: European Journal of Neurology - November 8, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Da Zhou, Ran Meng, Xuxiang Zhang, Linlin Guo, Sijie Li, Weijuan Wu, Jiangang Duan, Haiqing Song, Yuchuan Ding, Xunming Ji Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Hearing loss and tinnitus in survivors with chemotherapy-induced neuropathy
The purpose of this study was to evaluate for differences in demographic, clinical, and pain characteristics, as well as measures of sensation, balance, perceived stress, symptom burden, and quality of life (QOL) among survivors who received neurotoxic chemotherapy (CTX) and who reported only chemotherapy-induced neuropathy (CIN, n  = 217), CIN and hearing loss (CIN/HL, n = 69), or CIN, hearing loss, and tinnitus (CIN/HL/TIN, n = 85). We hypothesized that as the number of neurotoxicities increased, survivors would have worse outcomes. (Source: European Journal of Oncology Nursing)
Source: European Journal of Oncology Nursing - November 7, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Christine Miaskowski, Steven M. Paul, Judy Mastick, Mark Schumacher, Yvette P. Conley, Betty Smoot, Gary Abrams, Kord M. Kober, Steven Cheung, Jennifer Henderson-Sabes, Margaret Chesney, Melissa Mazor, Margaret Wallhagen, Jon D. Levine Source Type: research

The importance of audiometric monitoring in patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
CONCLUSIONS: Evaluations of ototoxicity symptoms were not usually reported in the routine care of patients with MDR-TB. Complaints of tinnitus were associated with amikacin and streptomycin use. These results require confirmation in future studies. (Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical)
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - November 6, 2017 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Alexithymia Is Associated with Tinnitus Severity
Jan Wielopolski, Tobias Kleinjung, Melanie Koch, Nicole Peter, Martin Meyer, Michael Rufer, Steffi Weidt (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - November 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Pediatric tinnitus: A clinical perspective
ConclusionsThis study distinguishes pediatric tinnitus from adult tinnitus in terms of lower association with underlying hearing loss, lower likelihood of reported anxiety, and higher likelihood of improvement and resolution. There are opportunities for tinnitus prevention in the areas of reducing head injury and noise‐induced hearing loss. Level of Evidence4 Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - November 6, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Kenny H. Chan, Emily L. Jensen, Dexiang Gao Tags: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Higher prevalence and increased severity of sleep ‐disordered breathing in male patients with chronic tinnitus: our experience with 173 cases
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical Otolaryngology)
Source: Clinical Otolaryngology - November 6, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jen ‐Tsung Lai, Ping‐Hung Shen, Che‐Yang Lin, Chun‐Lin Liu, Tien‐Chen Liu Tags: Our Experience Source Type: research

Effect of concussion and blast exposure on symptoms after military deployment
Conclusions: There appears to be a continuum of increasing total symptoms from no exposure to blast exposure plus both current deployment concussion and past concussion. Concussion had a greater influence than blast exposure alone on the presence of postdeployment symptoms. A high blast injury score can be used to triage those exposed to explosive blasts for evaluation. (Source: Neurology)
Source: Neurology - November 6, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Tsao, J. W., Stentz, L. A., Rouhanian, M., Howard, R. S., Perry, B. N., Haran, F. J., Pasquina, P. F., Wolde, M., Taylor, C. E., Lizardo, R., Liu, S., Flores, E., Creason, A. H., Sher, K. Tags: Brain trauma ARTICLE Source Type: research

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy as a Treatment for Chronic Tinnitus: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions: MBCT is effective in reducing tinnitus severity in chronic tinnitus patients compared to intensive RT. It also reduces psychological distress and disability. Future studies should explore the generalizability of this approach and how outcome relates to different aspects of the intervention.Psychother Psychosom 2017;86:351-361 (Source: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics)
Source: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics - November 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Risk factors of pediatric tinnitus: Systematic review and meta ‐analysis
ConclusionsOlder‐aged adolescents, as well as those who are females and those with hearing loss may have a higher risk of tinnitus. Noise exposure in the general pediatric population and smoking in adolescents may represent especially important risk factors in pediatric tinnitus. Laryngoscope, 2017 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - November 2, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Doh Young Lee, Young Ho Kim Tags: Otology/Neurotology Source Type: research

The Past, Present, and Future of the American Tinnitus Association
No abstract available (Source: The Hearing Journal)
Source: The Hearing Journal - November 1, 2017 Category: Audiology Tags: American Tinnitus Association Source Type: research

Delayed Salicylate Toxicity in a 17-Year-Old Girl With Initially Undetectable Salicylate Concentration 3.9 Hours After Ingestion
We report the case of a 17-year-old girl with a 126-mg/kg nonenteric coated aspirin ingestion with nontoxic salicylate concentrations at 1.5 and 3.9 hours postingestion, who developed tinnitus and vomiting an estimated 8 hours postingestion, and who was subsequently found to have a toxic salicylate concentration at 22.7 hours postingestion. This case, as well as previous cases of delayed aspirin therapy, may prompt providers to consider educating patients and their care providers regarding the need to return for further testing if symptoms, such as vomiting or tinnitus, develop after an aspirin ingestion. (Source: Pediatric Emergency Care)
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - November 1, 2017 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Illustrative Cases Source Type: research

ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® Tinnitus
Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of an external source. It is a common symptom that can be related to hearing loss and other benign causes. However, tinnitus may be disabling and can be the only symptom in a patient with a central nervous system process disorder. History and physical examination are crucial first steps to determine the need for imaging. CT and MRI are useful in the setting of pulsatile tinnitus to evaluate for an underlying vascular anomaly or abnormality. If there is concomitant asymmetric hearing loss, neurologic deficit, or head trauma, imaging should be guided by those respective ACR ...
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR - November 1, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Expert Panel on Neurologic Imaging:, Marcus M. Kessler, Marwan Moussa, Julie Bykowski, Claudia F.E. Kirsch, Joseph M. Aulino, Kevin L. Berger, Asim F. Choudhri, Terry D. Fife, Isabelle M. Germano, A. Tuba Kendi, Jeffrey H. Kim, Michael D. Luttrull, Diego Tags: Appropriate use criteria Source Type: research

A key role of the prefrontal cortex in the maintenance of chronic tinnitus: An fMRI study using a Stroop task
Conclusion Due to the direct link between poor executive functions and prefrontal cortex alterations in TP, we postulate that a lack of inhibitory modulation following an impaired top-down cognitive control may maintain tinnitus by hampering habituation mechanisms. This deficit in executive functions caused by prefrontal cortex alterations would be a key-factor in the generation and persistence of tinnitus. (Source: NeuroImage: Clinical)
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - November 1, 2017 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® Tinnitus
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Journal of the American College of Radiology, Volume 14, Issue 11, Supplement Author(s): Marcus M. Kessler, Marwan Moussa, Julie Bykowski, Claudia F.E. Kirsch, Joseph M. Aulino, Kevin L. Berger, Asim F. Choudhri, Terry D. Fife, Isabelle M. Germano, A. Tuba Kendi, Jeffrey H. Kim, Michael D. Luttrull, Diego Nunez, Lubdha M. Shah, Aseem Sharma, Vilaas S. Shetty, Sophia C. Symko, Rebecca S. Cornelius Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of an external source. It is a common symptom that can be related to hearing loss and other benign causes. However, tinnitus may be disabli...
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - November 1, 2017 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Chronic Tinnitus May Mean Less Rest for the Brain
(Source: The ASHA Leader Online)
Source: The ASHA Leader Online - November 1, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Introduction of an ENT Nurse Led Clinic: A Joint Community & Secondary Care Project
Aim: In Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) services many patients requiring ENT treatments such as removal of wax, care of Mastoid cavities, tinnitus management and recurrent tonsillitis or ear infections wait for appointments in routine ENT consultant clinics for a considerable period of time. The aim was to establish a Clinical Nurse practitioner(CNP)-led ENT clinic in a joint Community and Secondary care setting to provide ENT management which is safe, of high quality and sustainable. (Source: International Journal of Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Surgery - November 1, 2017 Category: Surgery Authors: K. Stewart, E. Evans, V. Singh Source Type: research

Effect of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Patients With Tinnitus: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the pooled results demonstrated a greater reduction in distress for groups treated with tDCS as compared with those administered a sham treatment. PMID: 29192507 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology)
Source: The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology - November 1, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Wang TC, Tyler RS, Chang TY, Chen JC, Lin CD, Chung HK, Tsou YA Tags: Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Source Type: research

Clinical Features, Familial History, and Migraine Precursors in Patients With Definite Vestibular Migraine: The VM ‐Phenotypes Projects
ConclusionsOur results may indicate that vestibular symptoms in pediatric patients may act as a predisposing factor to develop vestibular migraine at an earlier age in adulthood. (Source: Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain)
Source: Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain - November 1, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Roberto Teggi, Bruno Colombo, Roberto Albera, Giacinto Asprella Libonati, Cristiano Balzanelli, Angel Batuecas Caletrio, Augusto Casani, Juan Manuel Espinoza ‐Sanchez, Paolo Gamba, Jose A. Lopez‐Escamez, Sergio Lucisano, Marco Mandalà, Giampiero Neri Tags: Research Submissions Source Type: research

Randomized Controlled Trial of a Novel Device for Tinnitus Sound Therapy During Sleep.
Conclusions: This study offers some support for greater average improvement in reactions to tinnitus with TM or NS devices compared to the BSG device. The TM group, compared to the BSG and NS groups, showed a greater reduction in ratings of tinnitus loudness on the NRS on average. Supplemental Material: https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.5545759. PMID: 29090311 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Audiology)
Source: American Journal of Audiology - October 31, 2017 Category: Audiology Authors: Theodoroff SM, McMillan GP, Zaugg TL, Cheslock M, Roberts C, Henry JA Tags: Am J Audiol Source Type: research

Effects of the cannabinoid CB1 agonist ACEA on salicylate ototoxicity, hyperacusis and tinnitus in guinea pigs.
Abstract Cannabinoids have been suggested as a therapeutic target for a variety of brain disorders. Despite the presence of their receptors throughout the auditory system, little is known about how cannabinoids affect auditory function. We sought to determine whether administration of arachidonyl-2'-chloroethylamide (ACEA), a highly-selective CB1 agonist, could attenuate a variety of auditory effects caused by prior administration of salicylate, and potentially treat tinnitus. We recorded cortical resting-state activity, auditory-evoked cortical activity and auditory brainstem responses (ABRs), from chronically-im...
Source: Hearing Research - October 31, 2017 Category: Audiology Authors: Berger JI, Coomber B, Hill S, Alexander SPH, Owen W, Palmer AR, Wallace MN Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research

Plasticity in the auditory system.
Abstract Over the last 30 years a wide range of manipulations of auditory input and experience have been shown to result in plasticity in auditory cortical and subcortical structures. The time course of plasticity ranges from very rapid stimulus-specific adaptation to longer-term changes associated with, for example, partial hearing loss or perceptual learning. Evidence for plasticity as a consequence of these and a range of other manipulations of auditory input and/or its significance is reviewed, with an emphasis on plasticity in adults and in the auditory cortex. The nature of the changes in auditory cortex ass...
Source: Hearing Research - October 31, 2017 Category: Audiology Authors: Irvine DRF Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research

Improvement of tinnitus with trifluoperazine in a patient with psychosis and ear disease.
Authors: Jain S, Srivastava AS, Madhu, Maggu G, Pandey M PMID: 29080514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - October 30, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

The absence of resting-state high-gamma cross-frequency coupling in patients with tinnitus.
Abstract Tinnitus is a psychoacoustic phantom perception of currently unknown neuropathology. Despite a growing number of post-stimulus tinnitus studies, uncertainty still exists regarding the neural signature of tinnitus in the resting-state brain. In the present study, we used high-gamma cross-frequency coupling and a Granger causality analysis to evaluate resting-state electroencephalographic (EEG) data in healthy participants and patients with tinnitus. Patients with tinnitus lacked robust frontal delta-phase/central high-gamma-amplitude coupling that was otherwise clearly observed in healthy participants. Sin...
Source: Hearing Research - October 30, 2017 Category: Audiology Authors: Ahn MH, Hong SK, Min BK Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research

[Good practices with tinnitus in adult].
Abstract The interrogation is essential to trace the genesis of the tinnitus and to appreciate its repercussion. Clinical examination should look for a local, vascular or cervical cause. The ENT consultation with audiogram and tinnitus evaluation is essential to know the characteristics of the tinnitus and to consider the treatment. If tinnitus is accompanied by a decrease in hearing, then wearing hearing aids can correct deafness and decrease the tinnitus. The psychological impact of tinnitus must always be taken into account and the use of a multidisciplinary team is an interesting solution. Medical treatments a...
Source: Presse Medicale - October 30, 2017 Category: General Medicine Authors: Le Pajolec C, Ohresser M, Nevoux J Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

Hearing impairment accompanied with low ‐tone tinnitus during all trans retinoic acid containing chemotherapy
(Source: Pediatric Blood and Cancer)
Source: Pediatric Blood and Cancer - October 28, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Toshihiro Fujiki, Ryosei Nishimura, Yasuhiro Ikawa, Kazuhiro Noguchi, Shintaro Mase, Rie Kuroda, Raita Araki, Hideaki Maeba, Akihiro Yachie Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Otoacoustic emissions in young adults exposed to drums noise of a college band
Conclusion: in general, otoacoustic emissions were worse in noise-exposed young people (study group) when compared to the unexposed (control group), indicating that the test may be important in early identification of cochlear changes.RESUMO Objetivo: verificar a ocorr ência de alterações da função coclear e de zumbido em indivíduos expostos a ruído de uma bateria universitária. Métodos: a amostra foi composta 50 sujeitos distribuídos em dois grupos: 25 músicos (grupo estudo) e 25 não músicos (grupo controle). Os procedimentos inclu&i...
Source: Revista CEFAC - October 26, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Dietary Supplement Comprised of β-Carotene, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, and Magnesium: Failure to Prevent Music-Induced Temporary Threshold Shift
This study examined potential prevention of music-induced temporary threshold shift (TTS) in normal-hearing participants. A dietary supplement composed of β-carotene, vitamins C and E, and magnesium was assessed using a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study design. Dosing began 3 days prior to the music exposure with the final dose consumed approximately 30-min pre-exposure. Post-exposure TTS was measured, with no significant difference as a function of treatment. Distortion product otoacoustic emission amplitudes were suppressed after music exposure in both groups, with no significant difference as a fun...
Source: Audiology and Neurotology Extra - October 25, 2017 Category: Audiology Source Type: research