Neuroscience of Tinnitus
Tinnitus is a consequence of changes in auditory and nonauditory neural networks following damage to the cochlea. Homeostatic compensatory mechanisms occur after hearing loss and these mechanisms alter the balance of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters. In many individuals with hearing loss, chronic tinnitus and related phenomena emerge. Some people with tinnitus are disturbed by this subjective sensation. When auditory network dysfunction is coupled with limbic-gating dysfunction, an otherwise meaningless auditory percept such as tinnitus may acquire negative emotional features. The development of effective treatm...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - March 21, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Daniel Ryan, Carol A. Bauer Source Type: research

Neuroscience of Tinnitus
Publication date: Available online 22 March 2016 Source:Neuroimaging Clinics of North America Author(s): Daniel Ryan, Carol A. BauerTeaser Tinnitus is a consequence of changes in auditory and nonauditory neural networks following damage to the cochlea. Homeostatic compensatory mechanisms occur after hearing loss and these mechanisms alter the balance of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters. In many individuals with hearing loss, chronic tinnitus and related phenomena emerge. Some people with tinnitus are disturbed by this subjective sensation. When auditory network dysfunction is coupled with limbic-gating dysfu...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America - March 21, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Tinnitus
Publication date: Available online 22 March 2016 Source:Neuroimaging Clinics of North America Author(s): Suresh K. Mukherji (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America - March 21, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Endovascular Interventions for Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension and Venous Tinnitus
Publication date: Available online 22 March 2016 Source:Neuroimaging Clinics of North America Author(s): Ferdinand K. Hui, Todd Abruzzo, Sameer A. AnsariTeaser Pulsatile tinnitus from intracranial venous abnormalities is an uncommon cause of pulse synchronous tinnitus. Endovascular therapies may have applications in many of these disease conditions. They have the advantage of being minimally invasive and may selectively eliminate the site of turbulence. Venous stenting has been used successfully to treat venous stenoses with low complication rates and high success rates in patients with idiopathic intracranial hyperte...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America - March 21, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

The neural correlates of cognitive dysfunction in phantom sounds.
In conclusion, these results support for the first time the notion that cognitive changes in tinnitus patients are associated with changes in hippocampal activity as well as the anterior cingulate and insula. PMID: 27016059 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Research)
Source: Brain Research - March 21, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Vanneste S, Faber M, Langguth B, De Ridder D Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research

Relapsing polychondritis and lymphocytic meningitis with varied neurological symptoms
Conclusion Relapsing polychondritis is a challenging disease that can rarely manifest with varied neurological symptoms; recognition is extremely important, because high-dose corticosteroids should be used as soon as possible in suspected cases. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia - March 18, 2016 Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research

Klinische Aspekte der Cochleaimplantation bei Morbus Menière sowie nach Labyrinthektomie
Laryngo-Rhino-OtolDOI: 10.1055/s-0042-100283 Hintergrund: Aufgrund der natürlichen Alterung und den gelockerten CI-Implantationskriterien werden vermehrt auch früher operierte Menière-Patienten mit einem Cochleaimplantat versorgt werden. Dabei stellt sich jedoch die Frage, ob eine Implantation bei vorbehandeltem Ohr erfolgsversprechend ist. Material und Methode: Anhand von 2 Fällen, bei denen wir eine Cochleaimplantation durchgeführt haben, einerseits 10 Jahre nach transmastoidaler Labyrinthektomie und andererseits bei beidseitigem Morbus Menière, sowie anhand der Literatur weisen wir auf ...
Source: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie - March 18, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Lehner, A. A.Bonnet, R.Linder, T. E. Tags: Originalie Source Type: research

Klinische Aspekte der Cochleaimplantation bei Morbus Meni ère sowie nach Labyrinthektomie
Laryngo-Rhino-OtolDOI: 10.1055/s-0042-100283 Hintergrund: Aufgrund der natürlichen Alterung und den gelockerten CI-Implantationskriterien werden vermehrt auch früher operierte Menière-Patienten mit einem Cochleaimplantat versorgt werden. Dabei stellt sich jedoch die Frage, ob eine Implantation bei vorbehandeltem Ohr erfolgsversprechend ist. Material und Methode: Anhand von 2 Fällen, bei denen wir eine Cochleaimplantation durchgeführt haben, einerseits 10 Jahre nach transmastoidaler Labyrinthektomie und andererseits bei beidseitigem Morbus Menière, sowie anhand der Literatur weisen wir auf ...
Source: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie - March 17, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Lehner, A. A. Bonnet, R. Linder, T. E. Tags: Originalie Source Type: research

Clinical trial on tonal tinnitus with tailor-made notched music training
Tinnitus is a result of hyper-activity/hyper-synchrony of auditory neurons coding the tinnitus frequency, which has developed due to synchronous mass activity owing to the lack of inhibition. We assume that re... (Source: BMC Neurology)
Source: BMC Neurology - March 17, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Alwina Stein, Robert Wunderlich, Pia Lau, Alva Engell, Andreas Wollbrink, Alex Shaykevich, Jörg-Tobias Kuhn, Heinz Holling, Claudia Rudack and Christo Pantev Source Type: research

Hearing Health in College Instrumental Musicians and Prevention of Hearing Loss.
CONCLUSION: Improving the type of information disseminated to college musicians may reduce the risk of ear-related deficits. Noise dosage information, HPD information, and prevention education grounded in theories like the Health Belief Model may increase awareness and promote greater use of HPDs in this population. PMID: 26966962 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Problems of Performing Artists)
Source: Medical Problems of Performing Artists - March 13, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Med Probl Perform Art Source Type: research

Otoneurological screening of civil construction workers performing work at height
Conclusion: one third of the construction workers who perform work at height presented otoneurological screening results that indicate alteration. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - March 11, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Study about the consequences of different sound pressure levels emitted by magnetic resonance imaging equipment
Conclusion: the use of hearing protectors is relevant as a preventive measure for controlling the level of noise that affects the individual's cochlea, thus minimizing the physical and psycho-social effects resulting from noise exposure. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - March 11, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Quality of life and aspects of hearing of collective urban transport workers
Conclusion: the workers of public transport in the present study showed a good level of quality of life, considerable knowledge and limited complaints with regard to hearing issues, tinnitus and dizziness. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - March 11, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Tinnitus: Is there a place for brain stimulation?
Authors: van Zwieten G, Smit JV, Jahanshahi A, Temel Y, Stokroos RJ Abstract Tinnitus is the perception of a "phantom sound" and has a high prevalence. Although many therapies have been investigated within the last decades, there is still no effective standard therapy. Animal studies and human functional imaging studies revealed that tinnitus perception is associated with many complex changes in multiple brain structures. There is growing evidence that brain stimulation might be able to interrupt the local altered neuronal activity and hereby inhibit tinnitus perception. In this editorial review, an updat...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 10, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Surgical Treatment of Tinnitus
This article will address both tinnitus-specific and tinnitus non-specific procedures for objective and subjective causes. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - March 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: David J. Eisenman, Taylor B. Teplitzky Source Type: research

Surgical Treatment of Tinnitus
This article will address both tinnitus-specific and tinnitus non-specific procedures for objective and subjective causes. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America - March 10, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Clinical Association Between Brain MRI Findings With Epidural Blood Patch in Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension
Conclusions: The results of our study indicated no difference between MRI findings in both conservative treatment and EBP modalities; however, there were differences in initial pain score. Therefore, clinical presentation of SIH patients may be critical and help physicians make a decision of EBP procedure. (Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology)
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology - March 9, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research

Effects of pulsatile electrical stimulation of the round window on central hyperactivity after cochlear trauma in guinea pig.
This study aimed to investigate the effects of electrical stimulation in the form of brief biphasic shocks delivered to the round window of the cochlea on the spontaneous firing rates of hyperactive inferior colliculus neurons following acoustic trauma in guinea pigs. Effects during the stimulation itself included both inhibition and excitation but spontaneous firing was suppressed for up to hundreds of ms after the cessation of the shock train in all sampled hyperactive neurons. Pharmacological block of olivocochlear efferent action on outer hair cells did not eliminate the prolonged suppression observed in inferior colli...
Source: Hearing Research - March 9, 2016 Category: Audiology Authors: Mulders WH, Spencer TC, Robertson D Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research

Atypical Feeding and Drainage of Dural AV Fistula
Dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF) are frequent causes of pulsatile tinnitus. Color Doppler sonography may play a useful, complementary role to CTA/MRA and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in the assessment of these anomalies’ characteristics, such as an ipsilateral increased flow volume and a low resistive index. In this article, we report a case of DAVF first detected with Color Doppler sonography that displayed an uncharacteristic venous drainage pattern. Published on 2016-03-07 13:37:35 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - March 8, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Disrupted Functional Brain Connectome in Unilateral Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss.
Abstract Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is generally defined as sensorineural hearing loss of 30 dB or greater over at least three contiguous audiometric frequencies and within a three-day period. This hearing loss is usually unilateral and can be associated with tinnitus and vertigo. The pathogenesis of unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss is still unknown, and the alterations in the functional connectivity are suspected to involve one possible pathogenesis. Despite scarce findings with respect to alterations in brain functional networks in unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss, the alte...
Source: Hearing Research - March 8, 2016 Category: Audiology Authors: Xu H, Fan W, Zhao X, Li J, Zhang W, Lei P, Liu Y, Wang H, Cheng H, Shi H Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research

Insomnia in patients with chronic tinnitus: Cognitive and emotional distress as moderator variables
Tinnitus is often associated with disturbed sleep, but there are also patients without sleep problems. The mechanisms for developing insomnia or not in tinnitus patients are still unknown. The aim of the present study was to extract possible tinnitus specific factors that increase the risk of developing insomnia based on the analysis of a large patient cohort suffering from chronic tinnitus. (Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Research)
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Research - March 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tatjana Crönlein, Berthold Langguth, Maximilian Pregler, Peter M. Kreuzer, Thomas C. Wetter, Martin Schecklmann Source Type: research

Advanced Neuroimaging of Tinnitus
Although tinnitus may originate in damage to the peripheral auditory apparatus, its perception and distressing symptomatology are consequences of alterations to auditory, sensory, and limbic neural networks. This has been described in several studies, some using advanced structural MR imaging techniques such as diffusion tensor imaging. An understanding of these complex changes could enable development of targeted treatment. New MR imaging techniques enabling detailed depiction of the labyrinth may be useful when diagnosis of Meniere disease is equivocal. Advances in computed tomography and MR imaging have enabled noninvas...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - March 5, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Prashant Raghavan, Andrew Steven, Tanya Rath, Dheeraj Gandhi Source Type: research

Venous Abnormalities Leading to Tinnitus
Venous anomalies are the most commonly identified abnormality by imaging in the work-up for pulse synchronous tinnitus. Potential diagnoses include idiopathic intracranial hypertension, sigmoid sinus wall anomalies, transverse and sigmoid sinus stenosis, jugular bulb anomalies, and prominent posterior fossa emissary veins. These causes are discussed in detail along with the association between sigmoid sinus wall anomalies and idiopathic intracranial hypertension. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - March 5, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Michael A. Reardon, Prashant Raghavan Source Type: research

Advanced Neuroimaging of Tinnitus
Publication date: Available online 5 March 2016 Source:Neuroimaging Clinics of North America Author(s): Prashant Raghavan, Andrew Steven, Tanya Rath, Dheeraj GandhiTeaser Although tinnitus may originate in damage to the peripheral auditory apparatus, its perception and distressing symptomatology are consequences of alterations to auditory, sensory, and limbic neural networks. This has been described in several studies, some using advanced structural MR imaging techniques such as diffusion tensor imaging. An understanding of these complex changes could enable development of targeted treatment. New MR imaging technique...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America - March 5, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Venous Abnormalities Leading to Tinnitus
Publication date: Available online 5 March 2016 Source:Neuroimaging Clinics of North America Author(s): Michael A. Reardon, Prashant RaghavanTeaser Venous anomalies are the most commonly identified abnormality by imaging in the work-up for pulse synchronous tinnitus. Potential diagnoses include idiopathic intracranial hypertension, sigmoid sinus wall anomalies, transverse and sigmoid sinus stenosis, jugular bulb anomalies, and prominent posterior fossa emissary veins. These causes are discussed in detail along with the association between sigmoid sinus wall anomalies and idiopathic intracranial hypertension. (Source: N...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America - March 5, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Association of tinnitus and hearing loss in otological disorders: a decade-long epidemiological study in a South Indian population
Conclusion The present study could identify the most prevalent otological risk factors leading to development of tinnitus with hearing loss in a South Indian population. (Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - March 4, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

but not fetal hemoglobin differentiates chronic mountain sickness from healthy Andean highlanders
Chronic mountain sickness (CMS) results from chronic hypoxia. It is unclear why certain highlanders develop CMS. We hypothesized modest increases in fetal hemoglobin (HbF) is associated with lower CMS severity. In this cross-sectional study, we showed that normal HbF levels (median 0.4%) were found in all 153 adult Andean natives in Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Compared to healthy adults, the borderline elevated hemoglobin group frequently had symptoms (headaches, tinnitus, cyanosis, dilatation of veins) of CMS. (Source: Experimental Hematology)
Source: Experimental Hematology - March 4, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Matthew M. Hsieh, David Callacondo, Jose Rojas-Camayo, Jose Quesada-Olarte, Xunde Wang, Naoya Uchida, Irina Maric, Alan T. Remaley, Fabiola Leon-Velarde, Francisco C. Villafuerte, John F. Tisdale Source Type: research

SENP1 but not fetal hemoglobin differentiates chronic mountain sickness from healthy Andean highlanders
Chronic mountain sickness (CMS) results from chronic hypoxia. It is unclear why certain highlanders develop CMS. We hypothesized modest increases in fetal hemoglobin (HbF) is associated with lower CMS severity. In this cross-sectional study, we showed that normal HbF levels (median 0.4%) were found in all 153 adult Andean natives in Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Compared to healthy adults, the borderline elevated hemoglobin group frequently had symptoms (headaches, tinnitus, cyanosis, dilatation of veins) of CMS. (Source: Experimental Hematology)
Source: Experimental Hematology - March 4, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Matthew M. Hsieh, David Callacondo, Jose Rojas-Camayo, Jose Quesada-Olarte, Xunde Wang, Naoya Uchida, Irina Maric, Alan T. Remaley, Fabiola Leon-Velarde, Francisco C. Villafuerte, John F. Tisdale Source Type: research

SENP1, but not fetal hemoglobin, differentiates Andean highlanders with chronic mountain sickness from healthy individuals Among Andean highlanders
Chronic mountain sickness (CMS) results from chronic hypoxia. It is unclear why certain highlanders develop CMS. We hypothesized that modest increases in fetal hemoglobin (HbF) are associated with lower CMS severity. In this cross-sectional study, we found that HbF levels were normal (median = 0.4%) in all 153 adult Andean natives in Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Compared with healthy adults, the borderline elevated hemoglobin group frequently had symptoms (headaches, tinnitus, cyanosis, dilatation of veins) of CMS. (Source: Experimental Hematology)
Source: Experimental Hematology - March 4, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Matthew M. Hsieh, David Callacondo, Jose Rojas-Camayo, Jose Quesada-Olarte, Xunde Wang, Naoya Uchida, Irina Maric, Alan T. Remaley, Fabiola Leon-Velarde, Francisco C. Villafuerte, John F. Tisdale Source Type: research

Resolution of Concussion Symptoms After Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment: A Case Report.
Authors: Guernsey DT, Leder A, Yao S Abstract A concussion is the result of a biomechanical force directed toward the head, causing neurologic dysfunction. The inflammatory response and the production of reactive oxygen species are proposed mechanisms for the symptoms and long-term sequelae of concussion. Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) may help reduce inflammation by improving glymphatic flow. The authors describe the effect of OMT on a patient with mild concussion symptoms, including nausea, dizziness, tinnitus, and imbalance. The patient was evaluated with the Sensory Organization Test before and after ...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - March 3, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research

Imaging Interpretation of Temporal Bone Studies in a Patient with Tinnitus
This article provides a summary of the imaging findings of structural causes of tinnitus. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America - March 2, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Flufenamic acid prevents behavioral manifestations of salicylate-induced tinnitus in the rat.
Authors: Bal R, Ustundag Y, Bulut F, Demir CF, Bal A Abstract INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus is defined as a phantom auditory sensation, the perception of sound in the absence of external acoustic stimulation. Given that flufenamic acid (FFA) blocks TRPM2 cation channels, resulting in reduced neuronal excitability, we aimed to investigate whether FFA suppresses the behavioral manifestation of sodium salicylate (SSA)-induced tinnitus in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Tinnitus was evaluated using a conditioned lick suppression model of behavioral testing. Thirty-one Wistar rats, randomly divided into four treatment groups, ...
Source: Archives of Medical Science - March 1, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research

Symptom: Right-Sided Tinnitus
No abstract available (Source: The Hearing Journal)
Source: The Hearing Journal - March 1, 2016 Category: Audiology Tags: Clinical Consultation Source Type: research

Tinnitus prevalence in New Zealand.
CONCLUSION: This is the first nationally representative study of tinnitus prevalence in New Zealand and largest study sample internationally for tinnitus prevalence to date. Tinnitus is a public health problem affecting approximately 207,000 people in the New Zealand population aged ≥14 years. This study has highlighted the importance of sex and age in defining a high-risk tinnitus population, but our knowledge falls short of profiling their ethnic and social-economic characteristics. PMID: 26922445 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: New Zealand Medical Journal)
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - March 1, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research

Elevated Acoustic Startle Responses in Humans: Relationship to Reduced Loudness Discomfort Level, but not Self-Report of Hyperacusis
Abstract Increases in the acoustic startle response (ASR) of animals have been reported following experimental manipulations to induce tinnitus, an auditory disorder defined by phantom perception of sound. The increases in ASR have been proposed to signify the development of hyperacusis, a clinical condition defined by intolerance of normally tolerable sound levels. To test this proposal, the present study compared ASR amplitude to measures of sound-level tolerance (SLT) in humans, the only species in which SLT can be directly assessed. Participants had clinically normal/near-normal hearing thresholds, were free o...
Source: JARO - Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology - March 1, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Imaging Interpretation of Temporal Bone Studies in a Patient with Tinnitus
This article provides a summary of the imaging findings of structural causes of tinnitus. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - March 1, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Christian L. Stanton, Girish M. Fatterpekar Source Type: research

Neurotological Findings at a Health Unit for Adults with Cervicalgia
Conclusion Neurotological complaints were frequent in this population, verifying the importance of these tests in the dysfunctions of the cervical region or the craniocervical junction.[...]Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, BrazilArticle in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text (Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology - March 1, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Zeigelboim, Bianca SimoneFonseca, Vinicius RibasMesti, Juliana CristinaGorski, Leslie PalmaFaryniuk, João HenriqueMarques, Jair Mendes Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Therapeutic role of Vitamin B12 in patients of chronic tinnitus: A pilot study.
Abstract True tinnitus is a phantom auditory perception arising from a source or trigger in the cochlea, brainstem, or at higher centers and has no detectable acoustic generator. The most accepted is the famous neurophysiologic model of Jastreboff, which stresses that tinnitus, is a subcortical perception and results from the processing of weak neural activity in the periphery. The aim of this study is to determine the role of Vitamin B12 in treatment of chronic tinnitus. In this randomized, double-blind pilot study, total 40 patients were enrolled, of which 20 in Group A (cases) received intramuscular therapy of ...
Source: Noise and Health - March 1, 2016 Category: Audiology Authors: Singh C, Kawatra R, Gupta J, Awasthi V, Dungana H Tags: Noise Health Source Type: research

Complete recovery following hyperbaric oxygen therapy in idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss--a report of two cases.
Abstract Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL), a common otologic emergency, presents mostly as an abrupt onset unilateral hearing loss, aural fullness, often with vertigo and tinnitus, usually upon awakening in the morning. Its etiopathogenesis is multifactorial, so a number of different therapeutic regimens are in practice, hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy being an effective yet underutilized one. Not all cases recover completely even after treatment. Here we describe two cases of ISSHL, diagnosed on the basis of clinical examination and pure-tone audiometry, who had a complete recovery following ...
Source: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine - February 29, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Agrawal S, Sharma N Tags: Undersea Hyperb Med Source Type: research

Clinical Evaluation of Tinnitus
Publication date: Available online 28 February 2016 Source:Neuroimaging Clinics of North America Author(s): Ronna Hertzano, Taylor B. Teplitzky, David J. EisenmanTeaser The clinical evaluation of patients with tinnitus differs based on whether the tinnitus is subjective or objective. Subjective tinnitus is usually associated with a hearing loss, and therefore, the clinical evaluation is focused on an otologic and audiologic evaluation with adjunct imaging/tests as necessary. Objective tinnitus is divided into perception of an abnormal somatosound or abnormal perception of a normal somatosound. The distinction between ...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America - February 28, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Arterial Abnormalities Leading to Tinnitus
Publication date: Available online 28 February 2016 Source:Neuroimaging Clinics of North America Author(s): Timothy R. Miller, Yafell Serulle, Dheeraj GandhiTeaser Tinnitus is a common symptom that usually originates in the middle ear. Vascular causes of pulsatile tinnitus are categorized by the location of the source of the noise within the cerebral-cervical vasculature: arterial, arteriovenous, and venous. Arterial stenosis secondary to atherosclerotic disease or dissection, arterial anatomic variants at the skull base, and vascular skull base tumors are some of the more common causes of arterial and arteriovenous p...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America - February 28, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Dural Arteriovenous Fistulae
This article describes the natural history, clinical presentation, classification, imaging features, and management options of intracranial DAVF. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America - February 28, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Clinical Evaluation of Tinnitus
The clinical evaluation of patients with tinnitus differs based on whether the tinnitus is subjective or objective. Subjective tinnitus is usually associated with a hearing loss, and therefore, the clinical evaluation is focused on an otologic and audiologic evaluation with adjunct imaging/tests as necessary. Objective tinnitus is divided into perception of an abnormal somatosound or abnormal perception of a normal somatosound. The distinction between these categories is usually possible based on a history, physical examination, and audiogram, leading to directed imaging to identify the underlying abnormality. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - February 27, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Ronna Hertzano, Taylor B. Teplitzky, David J. Eisenman Source Type: research

Dural Arteriovenous Fistulae
This article describes the natural history, clinical presentation, classification, imaging features, and management options of intracranial DAVF. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - February 27, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Yafell Serulle, Timothy R. Miller, Dheeraj Gandhi Source Type: research

Arterial Abnormalities Leading to Tinnitus
Tinnitus is a common symptom that usually originates in the middle ear. Vascular causes of pulsatile tinnitus are categorized by the location of the source of the noise within the cerebral-cervical vasculature: arterial, arteriovenous, and venous. Arterial stenosis secondary to atherosclerotic disease or dissection, arterial anatomic variants at the skull base, and vascular skull base tumors are some of the more common causes of arterial and arteriovenous pulsatile tinnitus. Noninvasive imaging is indicated to evaluate for possible causes of pulsatile tinnitus, and should be followed by catheter angiography if there is a s...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - February 27, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Timothy R. Miller, Yafell Serulle, Dheeraj Gandhi Source Type: research

Cerebral Processing of Emotionally Loaded Acoustic Signals by Tinnitus Patients
This study supports the hypothesis about the existence of a tinnitus-specific brain network. Such a network could respond to any acoustic stimuli by activating limbic areas involved in stress reactivity and emotional processing and by reducing activation of areas responsible for attention and acoustic filtering (thalamus, frontal regions), possibly reinforcing negative effects of tinnitus.Audiol Neurotol 2016;21:80-87 (Source: Audiology and Neurotology)
Source: Audiology and Neurotology - February 26, 2016 Category: Audiology Source Type: research

2015 Equilibrium Committee Amendment to the 1995 AAO-HNS Guidelines for the Definition of Menieres Disease
Ménière’s disease is a disorder of the inner ear that causes attacks of vertigo and hearing loss, tinnitus, aural fullness in the involved ear. Over the past 4 decades, the Equilibrium Committee of the AAO-HNS has issued guidelines for diagnostic criteria, with the latest version being published in 1995. These criteria were reviewed in 2015 by the Equilibrium Committee, and revisions were approved at the recent meeting of the committee at the 2015 AAO-HNSF Annual Meeting. The following commentary outlines the amended and approved criteria. (Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - February 26, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Goebel, J. A. Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Adaptation of the Arabic Version of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory
Conclusion The Arabic version of the THI is a valid and reliable tool for the assessment of the impact of tinnitus on the quality of life of Arabic-speaking patients with the complaint of chronic tinnitus. (Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - February 26, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Barake, R., Rizk, S. A., Ziade, G., Zaytoun, G., Bassim, M. Tags: Otology and Neurotology Source Type: research

Abstract 145: Differences in Presenting Symptoms of Fibromuscular Dysplasia Patients With Family History of Fibromuscular Dysplasia, Arterial Aneurysm, Dissection, or Sudden Death: A Report from the United States Registry for Fibromuscular Dysplasia [Session Title: Abstract Poster Session I and Reception]
Conclusions: Patients with a family history of FMD, arterial aneurysm (AA), dissection (AD), or sudden death (SD) more commonly had extracranial arterial bed complications, and experienced symptoms related to this vascular territory at time of diagnosis. These results suggest that FMD may present differently in those with this family history. (Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes)
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - February 26, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kim, J. B., Heidt, S. T., Gu, X., Gornik, H. L., Olin, J. W., Mace, P. D., Kline-Rogers, E., Gray, B. H., Sharma, A., Froehlich, J. B. Tags: Session Title: Abstract Poster Session I and Reception Source Type: research

Long-term vestibulocochlear functional outcome following retro-sigmoid approach to resection of vestibular schwannoma
The objective of this study was to evaluate long-term vestibulocochlear functional outcomes of patients operated for unilateral vestibular schwannoma via the retro-sigmoid approach. Patients who underwent vestibular schwannoma resection via retro-sigmoid approach between 2004 and 2008 at our institution, without prior surgical or radio-surgical therapy were considered to be eligible for this study. Preoperative auditory and vestibular symptoms were assessed retrospectively. Postoperative symptoms were prospectively assessed using a standardised questionnaire, pure tone audiometry, video-oculography, and rotary chair t...
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - February 24, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research