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Dural Arteriovenous Fistulae
This article describes the natural history, clinical presentation, classification, imaging features, and management options of intracranial DAVF. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America - February 28, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Clinical Evaluation of Tinnitus
The clinical evaluation of patients with tinnitus differs based on whether the tinnitus is subjective or objective. Subjective tinnitus is usually associated with a hearing loss, and therefore, the clinical evaluation is focused on an otologic and audiologic evaluation with adjunct imaging/tests as necessary. Objective tinnitus is divided into perception of an abnormal somatosound or abnormal perception of a normal somatosound. The distinction between these categories is usually possible based on a history, physical examination, and audiogram, leading to directed imaging to identify the underlying abnormality. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - February 27, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Ronna Hertzano, Taylor B. Teplitzky, David J. Eisenman Source Type: research

Dural Arteriovenous Fistulae
This article describes the natural history, clinical presentation, classification, imaging features, and management options of intracranial DAVF. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - February 27, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Yafell Serulle, Timothy R. Miller, Dheeraj Gandhi Source Type: research

Arterial Abnormalities Leading to Tinnitus
Tinnitus is a common symptom that usually originates in the middle ear. Vascular causes of pulsatile tinnitus are categorized by the location of the source of the noise within the cerebral-cervical vasculature: arterial, arteriovenous, and venous. Arterial stenosis secondary to atherosclerotic disease or dissection, arterial anatomic variants at the skull base, and vascular skull base tumors are some of the more common causes of arterial and arteriovenous pulsatile tinnitus. Noninvasive imaging is indicated to evaluate for possible causes of pulsatile tinnitus, and should be followed by catheter angiography if there is a s...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - February 27, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Timothy R. Miller, Yafell Serulle, Dheeraj Gandhi Source Type: research

Cerebral Processing of Emotionally Loaded Acoustic Signals by Tinnitus Patients
This study supports the hypothesis about the existence of a tinnitus-specific brain network. Such a network could respond to any acoustic stimuli by activating limbic areas involved in stress reactivity and emotional processing and by reducing activation of areas responsible for attention and acoustic filtering (thalamus, frontal regions), possibly reinforcing negative effects of tinnitus.Audiol Neurotol 2016;21:80-87 (Source: Audiology and Neurotology)
Source: Audiology and Neurotology - February 26, 2016 Category: Audiology Source Type: research

2015 Equilibrium Committee Amendment to the 1995 AAO-HNS Guidelines for the Definition of Menieres Disease
Ménière’s disease is a disorder of the inner ear that causes attacks of vertigo and hearing loss, tinnitus, aural fullness in the involved ear. Over the past 4 decades, the Equilibrium Committee of the AAO-HNS has issued guidelines for diagnostic criteria, with the latest version being published in 1995. These criteria were reviewed in 2015 by the Equilibrium Committee, and revisions were approved at the recent meeting of the committee at the 2015 AAO-HNSF Annual Meeting. The following commentary outlines the amended and approved criteria. (Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - February 26, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Goebel, J. A. Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Adaptation of the Arabic Version of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory
Conclusion The Arabic version of the THI is a valid and reliable tool for the assessment of the impact of tinnitus on the quality of life of Arabic-speaking patients with the complaint of chronic tinnitus. (Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - February 26, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Barake, R., Rizk, S. A., Ziade, G., Zaytoun, G., Bassim, M. Tags: Otology and Neurotology Source Type: research

Abstract 145: Differences in Presenting Symptoms of Fibromuscular Dysplasia Patients With Family History of Fibromuscular Dysplasia, Arterial Aneurysm, Dissection, or Sudden Death: A Report from the United States Registry for Fibromuscular Dysplasia [Session Title: Abstract Poster Session I and Reception]
Conclusions: Patients with a family history of FMD, arterial aneurysm (AA), dissection (AD), or sudden death (SD) more commonly had extracranial arterial bed complications, and experienced symptoms related to this vascular territory at time of diagnosis. These results suggest that FMD may present differently in those with this family history. (Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes)
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - February 26, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kim, J. B., Heidt, S. T., Gu, X., Gornik, H. L., Olin, J. W., Mace, P. D., Kline-Rogers, E., Gray, B. H., Sharma, A., Froehlich, J. B. Tags: Session Title: Abstract Poster Session I and Reception Source Type: research

Long-term vestibulocochlear functional outcome following retro-sigmoid approach to resection of vestibular schwannoma
The objective of this study was to evaluate long-term vestibulocochlear functional outcomes of patients operated for unilateral vestibular schwannoma via the retro-sigmoid approach. Patients who underwent vestibular schwannoma resection via retro-sigmoid approach between 2004 and 2008 at our institution, without prior surgical or radio-surgical therapy were considered to be eligible for this study. Preoperative auditory and vestibular symptoms were assessed retrospectively. Postoperative symptoms were prospectively assessed using a standardised questionnaire, pure tone audiometry, video-oculography, and rotary chair t...
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - February 24, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Cervicogenic somatosensory tinnitus: an indication for manual therapy plus education? Part 2: A pilot study
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Manual Therapy Utrecht (MTU) plus education in patients with cervicogenic somatosensory tinnitus (CeT). (Source: Manual Therapy)
Source: Manual Therapy - February 21, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Rob A.B. Oostendorp, Iem Bakker, Hans Elvers, Emilia Mikolajewska, Sarah Michiels, Willem De Hertogh, Han Samwel Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Neuronavigated left temporal continuous theta burst stimulation in chronic tinnitus.
CONCLUSIONS: In our study, verum cTBS was not superior to sham which highlights the persistent need for improving non-invasive brain stimulation techniques for the treatment of tinnitus. Future research should focus on the transfer of positive single session effects to daily treatment trials. PMID: 26890094 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience)
Source: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience - February 20, 2016 Category: Neurology Tags: Restor Neurol Neurosci Source Type: research

Variants in the KCNE1 or KCNE3 gene and risk of Ménière's disease: A meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on current evidence from published studies, neither of the two variants from KCNE was significantly associated with the risk of MD. Larger studies with mixed ethnicity subjects and stratified by clinical and sub-clinical characteristics are needed to validate our findings. PMID: 26890422 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - February 20, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on the Association between Hypertension and Tinnitus.
This study suggests that hypertension might be one risk factor of tinnitus, and hypertension prevention and control might be helpful in preventing tinnitus. PMID: 26881064 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - February 19, 2016 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Neural Hyperactivity of the Central Auditory System in Response to Peripheral Damage.
Abstract It is increasingly appreciated that cochlear pathology is accompanied by adaptive responses in the central auditory system. The cause of cochlear pathology varies widely, and it seems that few commonalities can be drawn. In fact, despite intricate internal neuroplasticity and diverse external symptoms, several classical injury models provide a feasible path to locate responses to different peripheral cochlear lesions. In these cases, hair cell damage may lead to considerable hyperactivity in the central auditory pathways, mediated by a reduction in inhibition, which may underlie some clinical symptoms ass...
Source: Neural Plasticity - February 18, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Zhao Y, Song Q, Li X, Li C Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research

Pulsatile tinnitus and a temporal bone mass
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2016 Source:European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases Author(s): D.T. Ginat, M.B. Gluth (Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases)
Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases - February 17, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

A Critical Approach to Evaluating Clinical Efficacy, Adverse Events and Drug Interactions of Herbal Remedies
Systematic reviews and meta‐analyses represent the uppermost ladders in the hierarchy of evidence. Systematic reviews/meta‐analyses suggest preliminary or satisfactory clinical evidence for agnus castus (Vitex agnus castus) for premenstrual complaints, flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum) for hypertension, feverfew (Tanacetum partenium) for migraine prevention, ginger (Zingiber officinalis) for pregnancy‐induced nausea, ginseng (Panax ginseng) for improving fasting glucose levels as well as phytoestrogens and St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) for the relief of some symptoms in menopause. However, firm conclusions of ef...
Source: Phytotherapy Research - February 17, 2016 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Angelo A. Izzo, Sung Hoon‐Kim, Rajan Radhakrishnan, Elizabeth M. Williamson Tags: Review Source Type: research

Salicylate-Induced Hearing Loss Trigger Structural Synaptic Modifications in the Ventral Cochlear Nucleus of Rats via Medial Olivocochlear (MOC) Feedback Circuit.
Abstract Lesion-induced cochlear damage can result in synaptic outgrowth in the ventral cochlear nucleus (VCN). Tinnitus may be associated with the synaptic outgrowth and hyperactivity in the VCN. However, it remains unclear how hearing loss triggers structural synaptic modifications in the VCN of rats subjected to salicylate-induced tinnitus. To address this issue, we evaluated tinnitus-like behavior in rats after salicylate treatment and compared the amplitude of the distortion product evoked otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) and auditory brainstem response (ABR) between control and treated rats. Moreover, we observe...
Source: Neurochemical Research - February 17, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Fang L, Fu Y, Zhang TY Tags: Neurochem Res Source Type: research

Reply to: Psychometric properties of the Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI): Assessment in a UK research volunteer population.
PMID: 26900071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Hearing Research)
Source: Hearing Research - February 17, 2016 Category: Audiology Authors: Folmer RL Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research

The Influence of Tinnitus on the Audiometric Threshold of Sufferers
Conclusion A proportion of tinnitus sufferers with self-professed normal hearing are likely to have mildly elevated pure tone audiometric thresholds. In patients with unilateral tinnitus, such elevated pure tone hearing thresholds are likely to be in the tinnitus ear and the contralateral non-tinnitus ear.[...]Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, BrazilArticle in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text (Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology - February 15, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ukaegbe, OnyinyeEzeanolue, BasilOrji, Foster Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Clinical Reasoning: A 37-year-old man with multiple cranial neuropathies
A 37-year-old man presented with a 7-month history of vertigo, nausea, dysphagia, right-sided tinnitus, and hearing loss. He denied headache, paresthesias, change in vision, or problems with cognition. He endorsed a history of progressive fatigue, generalized weakness, and poor libido. His symptoms left him functionally impaired and bedridden. (Source: Neurology)
Source: Neurology - February 15, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: O'Loghlen, S., Guy, B., Rossiter, J. P., Boyd, J. G. Tags: CT, MRI, All Clinical Neurology, All Medical/Systemic disease, Clinical neurology examination RESIDENT AND FELLOW SECTION Source Type: research

Clinical features of vestibular migraine in Egypt
Conclusions Vestibular migraine is one of the leading causes of dizziness in both adults and children. A high percentage of patients showed abnormalities in Videonystagmography during testing documenting vestibular system involvement in migraine patients during the dizziness attack. Good history taking and analysis of aural symptoms helps in the differential diagnosis. The profile of VM patients is outlined. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Ear, Nose, Throat and Allied Sciences)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Ear, Nose, Throat and Allied Sciences - February 14, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Endovascular treatment of jugular bulb diverticula causing debilitating pulsatile tinnitus
We describe the case of a patient who presented with debilitating pulsatile tinnitus in association with two jugular bulb diverticula. The diverticula were treated with stenting of the jugular bulb and coil embolization of the diverticula over two procedures. This resulted in successful resolution of symptoms and at 10 months follow-up the patient is asymptomatic. The technique is discussed with regard to similar published cases and surrogate measures of safety taken from the literature pertaining to idiopathic intracranial hypertension. (Source: Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery)
Source: Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery - February 14, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Mortimer, A. M., Harrington, T., Steinfort, B., Faulder, K. Tags: Electronic pages Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes of middle fossa craniotomy for superior semicircular canal dehiscence repair.
CONCLUSIONS SSCD remains an underdiagnosed and undertreated condition. Surgical repair of SSCD using a middle fossa craniotomy is associated with a high rate of symptom resolution. Continued investigation using a larger patient cohort and longer-term follow-up could further demonstrate the effectiveness of using middle fossa craniotomy for SSCD repair. PMID: 26871374 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neurosurgery)
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - February 12, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Chung LK, Ung N, Spasic M, Nagasawa DT, Pelargos PE, Thill K, Voth B, Hirt D, Gopen Q, Yang I Tags: J Neurosurg Source Type: research

Maladaptive plasticity in tinnitus — triggers, mechanisms and treatment
Nature Reviews Neurology 12, 150 (2016). doi:10.1038/nrneurol.2016.12 Authors: Susan E. Shore, Larry E. Roberts & Berthold Langguth Tinnitus is a phantom auditory sensation that reduces quality of life for millions of people worldwide, and for which there is no medical cure. Most cases of tinnitus are associated with hearing loss caused by ageing or noise exposure. Exposure to loud recreational sound is (Source: Nature Reviews Neurology)
Source: Nature Reviews Neurology - February 12, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Susan E. ShoreLarry E. RobertsBerthold Langguth Tags: Review Source Type: research

Prevalence of Pulsatile Tinnitus Among Patients With Migraine
Conclusion: PT can be observed in the context of migraine. Migraine treatment with avoidance of dietary triggers with or without medication can possibly lead to resolution of PT. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - February 11, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Medical Neurotology Source Type: research

Notched environmental sounds: a new hearing aid‐supported tinnitus treatment evaluated in 20 patients
(Source: Clinical Otolaryngology)
Source: Clinical Otolaryngology - February 11, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: D.J. Strauss, F.I. Corona‐Strauss, H. Seidler, L. Haab, R. Hannemann Tags: Correspondence: Our Experience Source Type: research

Manual Therapy and Exercise for a Patient With Neck-Tongue Syndrome: A Case Report.
Discussion This case report describes the physical therapy management of an individual with NTS. The management strategy followed a protocol similar to that used for cervicogenic headaches (CH) due to the involvement of the upper cervical spine with both NTS and CH and the lack of evidence for the treatment of NTS. Level of Evidence Therapy, level 4. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, Epub 11 Jan 2016. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016.6195. PMID: 26868897 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physical Therapy)
Source: Physical Therapy - February 11, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Niethamer L, Myers R Tags: J Orthop Sports Phys Ther Source Type: research

Notched environmental sounds: a new hearing aid ‐supported tinnitus treatment evaluated in 20 patients
(Source: Clinical Otolaryngology)
Source: Clinical Otolaryngology - February 10, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: D.J. Strauss, F.I. Corona ‐Strauss, H. Seidler, L. Haab, R. Hannemann Tags: Correspondence: Our Experience Source Type: research

Prospective case‐controlled sound localisation study after cochlear implantation in adults with single‐sided deafness and ipsilateral tinnitus
ConclusionsSubjects can better locate sound in the CION condition than in the CIOFF condition. (Source: Clinical Otolaryngology)
Source: Clinical Otolaryngology - February 9, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: G. Mertens, J. Desmet, M. De Bodt, P. Heyning Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Prospective case ‐controlled sound localisation study after cochlear implantation in adults with single‐sided deafness and ipsilateral tinnitus
ConclusionsSubjects can better locate sound in the CION condition than in the CIOFF condition. (Source: Clinical Otolaryngology)
Source: Clinical Otolaryngology - February 8, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: G. Mertens, J. Desmet, M. De Bodt, P. Van de Heyning Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Deafferentation-based pathophysiological differences in phantom sound: Tinnitus with and without hearing loss
Publication date: 1 April 2016 Source:NeuroImage, Volume 129 Author(s): Sven Vanneste, Dirk De Ridder Tinnitus has been considered an auditory phantom percept. Recently a theoretical multiphase compensation mechanism at a cortical level has been hypothesized linking auditory deafferentation to tinnitus. This Bayesian brain model predicts that two very different kinds of tinnitus should exist, depending on the amount of hearing loss: an auditory cortex related form of tinnitus not associated with hearing loss, and a (para)hippocampal form associated with hearing loss, in which the auditory cortex might be of little rele...
Source: NeuroImage - February 8, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Acupuncture as a Treatment Option in Treating Posttraumatic Stress Disorder-Related Tinnitus in War Veterans: A Case Presentation
This article presents a case of three war veterans with PTSD symptoms who received a series of acupuncture treatments for tinnitus with positive outcomes. Even though the article presents cases of only three veterans and was based on self-reports, there were very clear trends on how veterans with tinnitus symptoms responded to acupuncture treatments. Information generated from this case presentation is a good starting place in exploring evidence-based approaches in treating tinnitus symptoms in war veterans with PTSD. (Source: Journal of Holistic Nursing)
Source: Journal of Holistic Nursing - February 8, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Arhin, A. O., Gallop, K., Mann, J., Cannon, S., Tran, K., Wang, M.-C. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Separation of Power-line Noise from Tinnitus Sound, to aid medical diagnoses
Publication date: Available online 6 February 2016 Source:Perspectives in Science Author(s): J. Dhoulath Beegum, D. Chithraprasad, Alan Jacob, D.S. Ananthakrishnan, Gayatri Nair, Namitha S. Nair, Irene Miriam Isaac Tinnitus, is one of the leading symptom in neurological disorders, particularly relating with diseases of the middle ear, blood vessels or the aftereffect as a result of exposure to certain medications. The preliminary diagnosis of tinnitus is established by subjecting the patient to common tinnitus simulated sounds. This helps to assess the patient's perception of tinnitus on a score that helps in plan...
Source: Perspectives in Science - February 7, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: research

Effects of Erlong Zuoci decoction on the age-related hearing loss in C57BL/6J mice
Conclusion The results demonstrated that ELZCD prevented ARHL in C57BL/6J mice and p53/Bak-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis of SG cells might be involved in the mechanisms. Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - February 7, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

New scoring system of an interview for the diagnosis of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
Conclusion This study investigated a novel instrument to diagnose benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Objective To develop a new scoring system of an interview for the diagnosis of BPPV. Methods The answers to questions on dizziness and/or vertigo (D/V) (571 patients) were analyzed and the questions for which the answers differed significantly between the patients with and without BPPV were selected. Results This study established an intensive questionnaire with a scoring system. It consists of the following questions: (1) Is rotary vertigo a characteristic of your D/V? (2) Is your D/V triggered when you roll your...
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - February 5, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Imai T, Higashi-Shingai K, Takimoto Y, Masumura C, Hattori K, Inohara H Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research

Emerging hubs in phantom perception connectomics
Publication date: Available online 4 February 2016 Source:NeuroImage: Clinical Author(s): Anusha Mohan, Dirk De Ridder, Sven Vanneste Brain networks are small-world networks typically characterized by the presence of hubs, i.e. nodes that have significantly greater number of links in comparison to other nodes in the network. These hubs act as short cuts in the network and promote long-distance connectivity. Long-distance connections increase the efficiency of information transfer but also increase the cost of the network. Brain disorders are associated with an altered brain connectome which reflects either as a comple...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - February 5, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Relationship between tinnitus and suicidal behaviour in Korean men and women: a cross‐sectional study
This study investigated the prevalence of suicidal ideation and behaviour in a representative sample of South Koreans with or without tinnitus. DesignA cross‐sectional study. SettingBased on data from the 2010 to 2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). ParticipantsThe study included 17 446 Korean individuals. Main outcome measuresParticipants provided demographic, socio‐economic and behavioural information, as well as responses to questionnaires assessing the presence and severity of tinnitus, mental health status regarding stress, depression, and suicidal ideation and attempts. In the u...
Source: Clinical Otolaryngology - February 4, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J.H. Seo, J.M. Kang, S.H. Hwang, K.D. Han, Y.H. Joo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Could the biological robustness of low level laser therapy (Photobiomodulation) impact its use in the management of mucositis in head and neck cancer patients
Low level laser therapy (LLLT) was first introduced for potential clinical applications by Mester in the late 1960s. This form of laser treatment, currently referred to as photobiomodulation (PBM), limits radiation intensity by transferring low energy to tissues and thereby does not generate heat. Among the clinical indications for which LLLT has been reported to be efficacious are pain relief (back and neck, orthodontic, shoulder), wound healing, carpal tunnel syndrome, colorectal cancer, elbow disorders, fibromyalgia, lymphedema, musculoskeletal dysfunction, myofascial pain syndrome, neurological dysfunctions, patella-fe...
Source: Oral Oncology - February 3, 2016 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Stephen T. Sonis, Sepehr Hashemi, Joel B. Epstein, Raj G. Nair, Judith E. Raber-Durlacher Tags: Review Source Type: research

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Chronic Tinnitus
This commentary discusses a study published in JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery that evaluated transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of chronic tinnitus. (Source: JAMA)
Source: JAMA - February 2, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

AMA Hearing Loss/Tinnitus Guidelines
No abstract available (Source: The Hearing Journal)
Source: The Hearing Journal - February 1, 2016 Category: Audiology Tags: Hearing Matters Source Type: research

Pitch and Loudness Tinnitus in Individuals with Presbycusis
Conclusion There is no significant association between the hearing loss of patients with presbycusis and the pitch and loudness of tinnitus.[...]Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, BrazilArticle in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text (Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology - February 1, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Seimetz, Bruna MacangninTeixeira, Adriane RibeiroRosito, Leticia Petersen SchmidtFlores, Leticia SousaPappen, Carlos HenriqueDall'igna, Celso Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

A mutation of the succinate dehydrogenase B gene in a Korean family with paraganglioma
We report a case of germline SDHB mutation. This mutation was a deletion of thymine at nucleotide position 757 in exon 7 of the SDHB gene (c.757delT). (Source: Familial Cancer)
Source: Familial Cancer - February 1, 2016 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and Tinnitus
To the Editor Regarding the recently published, randomized clinical trial by Folmer et al, using 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) applied to the temporal cortex in patients with tinnitus for 10 days compared with placebo, the authors reported a significant reduction in tinnitus symptoms, the primary outcome measure. However, rTMS for tinnitus is still not significantly beneficial, so we have some considerations to share: (Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - February 1, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

The relationship between tinnitus and vascular anomalies on temporal bone CT scan: a retrospective case control study
Conclusions In patients who complained of subjective nonpulsatile tinnitus with unknown etiology, some temporal bone vascular variations, including high riding jugular bulb, dehiscent carotid canal, left-sided MEV enlargement, and petrous bone pneumatization, seemed to have an association with tinnitus. Further studies comparing all these entities between pulsatile and nonpulsatile groups and healthy controls should be undertaken. (Source: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy)
Source: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy - January 30, 2016 Category: Anatomy Source Type: research

Spatial Masking: Development and Testing of a New Tinnitus Assistive Technology.
CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that spatial masking of tinnitus is feasible, of benefit to many participants, and warrants further trials. PMID: 26817495 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Assistive Technology)
Source: Assistive Technology - January 29, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Assist Technol Source Type: research

Hearing difficulty and tinnitus among U.S. workers and non‐workers in 2007
BackgroundHearing loss and tinnitus are two potentially debilitating physical conditions affecting many people in the United States. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing difficulty, tinnitus, and their co‐occurrence within U.S. populations. MethodsData from the 2007 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were examined. Weighted prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios for self‐reported hearing difficulty, tinnitus, and their co‐occurrence were estimated and compared by demographic, among workers with and without occupational noise exposure, and across industries and occupations. Resul...
Source: American Journal of Industrial Medicine - January 29, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Elizabeth A. Masterson, Christa L. Themann, Sara E. Luckhaupt, Jia Li, Geoffrey M. Calvert Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Which tinnitus-related characteristics affect current health-related quality of life and depression? A cross-sectional cohort study
Tinnitus is sometimes associated with lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and depressive symptoms. However, only limited evidence exists identifying which tinnitus characteristics are responsible for these associations. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess associations between tinnitus, HRQoL, depressive symptoms, subjective tinnitus loudness and audiometrically assessed tinnitus characteristics (e.g., hearing threshold). Two hundred and eight outpatients reporting tinnitus completed questionnaires on tinnitus (Tinnitus Handicap Inventory, THI), HRQoL (World-Health-Organisation Quality of Life Short...
Source: Psychiatry Research - January 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Steffi Weidt, Aba Delsignore, Martin Meyer, Michael Rufer, Nicole Peter, Natalie Drabe, Tobias Kleinjung Source Type: research

Long‐Term Distributed Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Tinnitus: A Feasibility Study
ConclusionsOur study demonstrated that rTMS can be delivered in a distributed schedule that is well‐tolerated, feasible and may prove to be clinically beneficial. A long‐term distributed rTMS schedule for tinnitus may warrant investigation as an alternative to the short‐term aggregated treatment schedules more frequently used previously. For the many varied therapeutic uses of rTMS (established and investigational), treatment schedules are relatively unexplored, and deserve further attention. (Source: Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface)
Source: Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface - January 27, 2016 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Douglas Labar, Amy S. Labar, Dylan Edwards Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Altered top-down cognitive control and auditory processing in tinnitus: evidences from auditory and visual spatial stroop.
CONCLUSIONS: Tinnitus is associated both with modality-specific deficits along the auditory processing system and an impairment of cognitive control mechanisms that are involved both in vision and audition (i.e. that are supra-modal). We postulate that this deficit in the top-down cognitive control is a key-factor in the development and maintenance of tinnitus and may also explain some of the cognitive difficulties reported by tinnitus sufferers. PMID: 25420904 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience)
Source: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience - January 25, 2016 Category: Neurology Tags: Restor Neurol Neurosci Source Type: research

Diagnostic criteria for Menière's disease.
Diagnostic criteria for Menière's disease. J Vestib Res. 2015;25(1):1-7 Authors: Lopez-Escamez JA, Carey J, Chung WH, Goebel JA, Magnusson M, Mandalà M, Newman-Toker DE, Strupp M, Suzuki M, Trabalzini F, Bisdorff A Abstract This paper presents diagnostic criteria for Menière's disease jointly formulated by the Classification Committee of the Bárány Society, The Japan Society for Equilibrium Research, the European Academy of Otology and Neurotology (EAONO), the Equilibrium Committee of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) and the Korea...
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - January 25, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research