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Psychoacoustic Characteristics of Tinnitus versus Temporal Resolution in Subjects with Normal Hearing Sensitivity
Conclusion Auditory temporal resolution impairment was found in tinnitus patients, which could be attributed to cochlear impairment or altered neural firing within the auditory pathway. It is recommended to include temporal resolution testing in the tinnitus evaluation battery to provide a proper management planning.[...]Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, BrazilArticle in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text (Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology - May 4, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ibraheem, Ola AbdallahHassaan, Mohammad Ramadan Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Tinnitus
Laryngo-Rhino-Otol 2016; 95: 348-348DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-100224Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie)
Source: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie - May 2, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Rezension Source Type: research

Bedside Sound Generators as a Tool for Tinnitus Management
No abstract available (Source: The Hearing Journal)
Source: The Hearing Journal - May 1, 2016 Category: Audiology Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Neuropsychological Evaluation of Children and Adolescents With Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Conclusions: We suggest that CO exposure duration, history of loss of consciousness, time to HBO therapy, and the number of HBO therapy session affect neuropsychological symptom levels and occurrence of attention and behavioral problems. (Source: Pediatric Emergency Care)
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - May 1, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effectiveness of acupuncture therapy as treatment for tinnitus: a randomized controlled trial
Conclusion Chinese scalp acupuncture associated with bilateral electroacupuncture demonstrated, in the short term, a statistically significant improvement by reducing the level of tinnitus intensity, as well as improving the quality of life of individuals with tinnitus. (Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - April 30, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Tinnitus: Imaging, Endovascular and Surgical Approaches
NEUROIMAGING CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 30, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Prashant Raghavan, Dheeraj Gandhi Source Type: research

Tinnitus—More Than Ringing in the Ears
Tinnitus is not merely ringing in the ears. It is a condition that has distressed many a great mind—from the Spanish master, Francisco Goya, to Charles Darwin, to Pete Townshend of The Who, among many, many others. It is an incredibly common ailment, afflicting millions worldwide and is a key symptom in survivors of traumatic brain injury. Tinnitus is the single most common service-related disability reported by veterans. The focus of this issue of the Neuroimaging Clinics is on the clinical aspects of tinnitus, its imaging evaluation, and surgical and endovascular techniques used in its treatment. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 30, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Prashant Raghavan, Dheeraj Gandhi Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy in tinnitus with normal hearing in association with combined treatment.
Abstract Tinnitus is a phantom perception of sound in the absence of overt acoustic stimulation. The focus of our attention is a combined therapy of tinnitus. In this prospective study (2013-2014) we evaluated the data of normal-hearing patients with tinnitus treated with various treatment modalities. In Group 1 we evaluated the data of 84 patients/124 ears after six weeks of treatment with betahistine dihydrochloride (72 mg). In Group 2, we evaluated the data of 36 patients/ 55 ears unimproved from Group 1 who were then treated for six weeks with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO₂) therapy combined with gingko biloba extr...
Source: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine - April 30, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Holy R, Prazenica P, Stolarikova E, Dosel P, Fundova P, Kovar D, Astl J Tags: Undersea Hyperb Med Source Type: research

Bilateral internal auditory canal gangliogliomas mimicking neurofibromatosis Type II.
CONCLUSION: This is the first reported case of bilateral IAC/CPA gangliogliomas. When evaluating bilateral IAC/CPA lesions with unusual imaging characteristics, ganglioglioma should be included in the differential diagnosis. PMID: 27127704 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Internet-Delivered Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Tinnitus: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions: Using a randomized controlled trial design, we replicated prior findings regarding positive effects of Internet-delivered CBT on tinnitus-related distress and associated symptoms. Implementing iCBT for tinnitus into regular health care will be an important next step to increase access to treatment for patients with tinnitus. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, Identifier: NCT01205919. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 30, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Diuretics in the Medical Management of Menieres Disease
Conclusion Multiple low evidence–level studies report that oral diuretic therapy may be beneficial in the medical management of Ménière’s disease. Improvement in vertigo episode frequency was consistently reported, with less convincing evidence for improvement in hearing outcomes. (Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - April 28, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Crowson, M. G., Patki, A., Tucci, D. L. Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Evidenz- und Evidenzlücken der Tinnitustherapie
Laryngo-Rhino-Otol 2016; 95: S155-S191DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-108946Für die Behandlung von Ohrgeräuschen werden eine schier unübersichtliche Vielzahl von Verfahren erprobt und v. a. verkauft, leider nicht immer sachgerecht und evidenzbasiert untersucht. Eine kausale, den Tinnitus abschaltende Therapie gibt es nach wie vor nicht, ja eigentlich kann es sie nicht geben, hat man die verschiedenen Entstehungsmechanismen verstanden. Dennoch oder deshalb kehren im Verlauf der letzten Jahrzehnte wellen- und modeartig medizinische Interventionen wieder, die praktisch nie den Nachweis stabiler und belastbarer Behan...
Source: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie - April 28, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Hesse, G. Tags: Originalarbeit Source Type: research

Prospective, Multicenter Study on Tinnitus Changes after Cochlear Implantation
Conclusions: Most of the tinnitus reduction occurred within 1 month after CI use, and the changes were significantly associated with THI, ASSR, and BDI scores 6 months after CI. CI is a valuable therapeutic modality in tinnitus of a deafened ear.Audiol Neurotol 2016;21:165-171 (Source: Audiology and Neurotology)
Source: Audiology and Neurotology - April 28, 2016 Category: Audiology Source Type: research

Prognostic significance of pulsatile tinnitus in cervical artery dissection
Background and purposeOur aim was to investigate whether pulsatile tinnitus (PT) in cervical artery dissection (CeAD) has prognostic significance. MethodsAll CeAD patients from the CADISP (Cervical Artery Dissection and Ischemic Stroke Patients) study with documentation of PT were analysed. The presence of PT was systematically assessed using a standardized questionnaire. Stroke severity at admission was defined according to the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). Excellent outcome after 3 months was defined as a modified Rankin Scale of 0–1. ResultsSixty‐three of 778 patients (8.1%) reported PT. PT...
Source: European Journal of Neurology - April 27, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: L. Kellert, M. Kloss, A. Pezzini, S. Debette, D. Leys, V. Caso, V. N. Thijs, A. Bersano, E. Touzé, T. Tatlisumak, C. Traenka, P. A. Lyrer, S. T. Engelter, T. M. Metso, C. Grond‐Ginsbach, Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Comparison of tinnitus and psychological aspects between the younger and older adult patients with tinnitus
To explore the differences in various tinnitus-related features and psychological aspects between the younger and older adult patients with tinnitus. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - April 26, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: So Young Park, Jung Ju Han, Jae Hyung Hwang, Eul Sung Whang, Sang Won Yeo, Shi Nae Park Source Type: research

Specific immediate early gene expression induced by high doses of salicylate in the cochlear nucleus and inferior colliculus of the rat
Conclusion Our data show that a high dose of salicylate activates neurons in the DCN, pVCN and IC. The expression of these genes by high doses of salicylate strongly suggests that plastic changes in these areas are involved in the genesis of tinnitus. (Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - April 25, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Orbital Pseudotumor as a Rare Extrahepatic Manifestation of Hepatitis C Infection
We present the case of a 40-year-old man with left-sided ptosis, exophthalmos and headache. MRI demonstrated left-sided orbital pseudotumor with lacrimal and retro-orbital contrast enhancement extending to the cavernous sinus and the vestibulocochlear nerve. Immunological tests of serum and cerebrospinal fluid identified hepatitis C virus (HCV) as a potential causative agent but did not indicate any additional infectious, malignant or immunological disorder. Hepatological evaluation revealed no signs of advanced liver disease. After initial spontaneous improvement, the patient subsequently developed vestibulocochlear failu...
Source: Case Reports in Gastroenterology - April 25, 2016 Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

Bilateral temporal bone fractures associated with bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss
Case presentation A 24-year-old man presented to the emergency department following an assault where he was punched in the face and fell backwards hitting his head onto concrete. Upon arrival, he was intoxicated with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 12/15. Due to his agitation, he was sedated and intubated to allow formal assessment of his injuries including CT imaging. Upon withdrawal of sedation and extubation, the patient presented with complete deafness, tinnitus and dizziness on mobilisation. Ear, nose and throat examination revealed a right haemotympanum. There was no obvious facial nerve palsy or other neurological def...
Source: Postgraduate Medical Journal - April 24, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Kanavati, O., Salamat, A. A., Tan, T. Y., Hellier, W. Tags: Journalology, Drugs: CNS (not psychiatric), Disability, Otolaryngology / ENT, Ear, nose and throat/otolaryngology, Ethics Images in medicine Source Type: research

Somatic tinnitus prevalence and treatment with tinnitus retraining therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: Somatic tinnitus is a frequent and underestimated condition. We suggest an extension of the JSI, including specific questions regarding somatic tinnitus. TRT significantly improved tinnitus and accompanying facial dysesthesia, and could be a useful somatic tinnitus treatment. PMID: 27097395 [PubMed - in process] (Source: B-ENT)
Source: B-ENT - April 23, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: B-ENT Source Type: research

Plasma brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels are increased in patients with tinnitus and correlated with therapeutic effects
Publication date: 27 May 2016 Source:Neuroscience Letters, Volume 622 Author(s): Hao Xiong, Haidi Yang, Maojin Liang, Yongkang Ou, Xiayin Huang, Yuexin Cai, Lan Lai, Jiaqi Pang, Yiqing Zheng Tinnitus is the perception of sound without an external source and is known to be associated with altered neuronal excitability in the auditory system. Tinnitus severity can be assessed by various psychometric instruments and there is no objective measures developed to evaluate tinnitus severity and therapeutic effects so far. Brain-derived nerve growth factor (BDNF) is believed in playing a key role in regulating neuronal e...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - April 21, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Intrinsic network activity in tinnitus investigated using functional MRI
Abstract Tinnitus is an increasingly common disorder in which patients experience phantom auditory sensations, usually ringing or buzzing in the ear. Tinnitus pathophysiology has been repeatedly shown to involve both auditory and non‐auditory brain structures, making network‐level studies of tinnitus critical. In this magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study, two resting‐state functional connectivity (RSFC) approaches were used to better understand functional network disturbances in tinnitus. First, we demonstrated tinnitus‐related reductions in RSFC between specific brain regions and resting‐state networks (RSNs),...
Source: Human Brain Mapping - April 19, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Amber M. Leaver, Ted K. Turesky, Anna Seydell‐Greenwald, Susan Morgan, Hung J. Kim, Josef P. Rauschecker Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Recurrent Mastoiditis Mimics IgG4 Related Disease: A Potential Diagnostic Pitfall
In conclusion, we reaffirm IgG4 related mastoiditis as a distinct but uncommon cause of recurrent mastoiditis. The diagnosis of IgG4-related mastoiditis should be rendered with caution, and only after the exclusion of potential mimickers, particularly infection. (Source: Head and Neck Pathology)
Source: Head and Neck Pathology - April 17, 2016 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Tinnitus- and Task-Related Differences in Resting-State Networks.
Authors: Lanting C, Woźniak A, van Dijk P, Langers DR Abstract We investigated tinnitus-related differences in functional networks in adults with tinnitus by means of a functional connectivity study. Previously it was found that various networks show differences in connectivity in patients with tinnitus compared to controls. How this relates to patients' ongoing tinnitus and whether the ecological sensory environment modulates connectivity remains unknown.Twenty healthy controls and twenty patients suffering from chronic tinnitus were enrolled in this study. Except for the presence of tinnitus in the patient group...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - April 16, 2016 Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research

Cochlear implantation in delayed sudden hearing loss after conservative vestibular schwannoma surgery.
In conclusion, cochlear implantation is a feasible and effective solution after conservative vestibular schwannoma surgery should delayed hearing loss occur. PMID: 27070537 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica)
Source: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica - April 14, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital Source Type: research

Parallels between phantom pain and tinnitus
Phantom pain and tinnitus are diseases that cause patients great discomfort. Both are phantom sensations that have many connections with cerebral structures, but their underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Several therapies have been suggested for these conditions over the years, but there is still no consensus on how to treat either one. Comparison of these two phenomena reveals many similarities, including what is known about their underlying mechanisms, associated brain areas, and responses to therapeutic agents and methods. (Source: Medical Hypotheses)
Source: Medical Hypotheses - April 14, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Selcuk Peker, Alperen Sirin Source Type: research

Prevalence and associated factors of chronic suppurative otitis media: Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009–2012
Objectives/HypothesisChronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is a common infectious condition that can cause hearing loss and persistent otorrhea. The prevalence rates of CSOM in developed countries is typically 4 years of age (n = 25,147), the prevalence of CSOM was 3.13% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.07‐3.92). Specifically, the prevalence of tympanic membrane perforation, retraction pocket, and obvious cholesteatoma was 1.78% (95% CI = 1.51‐2.00), 1.21% (95% CI = 1.02‐1.40), and 0.34% (95% CI = 0.24‐0.44), respectively. The prevalence of CSOM increased with age (P 19 years of age, hearing threshold, the prese...
Source: The Laryngoscope - April 13, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jae Ho Chung, Seung Hwan Lee, Sook‐Young Woo, Seon Woo Kim, Yang‐Sun Cho Tags: Otology/Neurotology Source Type: research

Impact of cochlear implantation on quality of life and mental comorbidity in patients aged 80 years
ConclusionThis study demonstrates a significant improvement in the quality of life and speech understanding in a group of elderly patients who underwent cochlear implantation. An additional positive indicator of a promising hearing rehabilitation was a significant improvement of the tinnitus distress. Perceived stress level, general anxiety, and the depressiveness of implanted patients were low and remained unaffected. Level of Evidence4. Laryngoscope, 2016 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - April 13, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Steffen Knopke, Stefan Gräbel, Ulrike Förster‐Ruhrmann, Birgit Mazurek, Agnieszka J. Szczepek, Heidi Olze Tags: Otology/Neurotology Source Type: research

Tinnitus in Elderly Individuals: Discomfort and Impact in the Quality of Life
Conclusion The results obtained in the study prove that the quality of life of the elderly individuals evaluated is related to a discomfort caused by the tinnitus.[...]Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, BrazilArticle in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text (Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology - April 12, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Teixeira, Adriane RibeiroRosito, Leticia Petersen SchmidtGonçalves, Andréa KrugerNunes, Michelle Gassen PauloDornelles, SilviaOlchik, Maira Rozenfeld Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Intensity, Duration, and Location of High-Definition Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Tinnitus Relief
Background and Objective. Tinnitus is the perception of a phantom sound. The aim of this study was to compare current intensity (center anode 1 mA and 2 mA), duration (10 minutes and 20 minutes), and location (left temporoparietal area [LTA] and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex [DLPFC]) using 4 x 1 high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS) for tinnitus reduction. Methods. Twenty-seven participants with chronic tinnitus (>2 years) and mean age of 53.5 years underwent 2 sessions of HD-tDCS of the LTA and DLPFC in a randomized order with a 1 week gap between site of stimulation. During each session, a...
Source: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair - April 12, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Shekhawat, G. S., Sundram, F., Bikson, M., Truong, D., De Ridder, D., Stinear, C. M., Welch, D., Searchfield, G. D. Tags: Clinical Research Articles Source Type: research

The effect of intratympanic gentamicin for treatment of Ménière’s disease on lower frequency hearing
Conclusion Our results indicate that intratympanic gentamicin especially affects the mean pure tone audiometry threshold in the low frequency range, which may have clinical implications. Though many of our results are (statistically) substantial the study was limited by the small cohort size. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 11, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Temporoparietal fascia flap and total temporomandibular joint replacement for the management of patent foramen of Huschke
Spontaneous herniation of the condylar head into the external auditory canal (EAC) through the foramen of Huschke is extremely rare, with approximately 30 cases reported in the international literature. The typical presentation is a constellation of non-specific symptoms including otalgia, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, malocclusion, otorrhea, tinnitus while chewing, and hearing loss. Clinical examination may reveal pain, granulation tissue in the EAC, or the exposed mandibular condyle with the mouth closed. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - April 7, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M.C. Shapiro, T. Osborn Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Change in tinnitus after acoustic neuroma removal using a translabyrinthine approach. A Prospective study.
CONCLUSIONS: We did not find any significant association between tinnitus and age, gender, tumour size and postoperative facial function. Translabyrinthine surgical removal of VS in these patients led to better THI results, with the younger patients having better outcomes. The patients with poorest preoperative audition were the ones that had the best results in the postoperative THI questionnaire. PMID: 27067182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica Espanola)
Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica Espanola - April 7, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Alvarez L, Ugarte A, Goiburu M, Urreta Barallobre I, Altuna X Tags: Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp Source Type: research

Temporoparietal fascia flap and total temporomandibular joint replacement for the management of patent foramen of Huschke
Spontaneous herniation of the condylar head into the external auditory canal (EAC) through the foramen of Huschke is extremely rare, with approximately 30 cases reported in the international literature. The typical presentation is a constellation of non-specific symptoms including otalgia, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, malocclusion, otorrhea, tinnitus while chewing, and hearing loss. Clinical examination may reveal pain, granulation tissue in the EAC, or the exposed mandibular condyle with the mouth closed. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - April 7, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M.C. Shapiro, T. Osborn Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

The use of hyperbaric oxygen treatment for sudden sensorineural hearing loss in Europe.
CONCLUSION: This study has documented a wide range of approaches to the treatment of SSNHL with HBOT across Europe. PMID: 27044462 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine)
Source: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine - April 7, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Diving Hyperb Med Source Type: research

Title of the manuscript: Atypical symptoms in patients with cervical spondylosis might be the result of stimulation on the dura mater and spinal cord
Patients with cervical spondylosis often present with some atypical symptoms such as vertigo, headache, palpitation, nausea, abdominal discomfort, tinnitus and blurred vision and hypomnesia. Although there are a few hypotheses about the etiology of those symptoms, none of them have provided evidence convincing enough to explain the clinical, pathological and anatomic manifestation of those symptoms. One of the more acceptable explanations is that those symptoms are the results of stimulation of the sympathetic nerves in the posterior longitudinal ligament. (Source: Medical Hypotheses)
Source: Medical Hypotheses - April 6, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Aikeremujiang Muheremu, Yuqing Sun Source Type: research

Minimally Invasive Surgery for Intracochlear Schwannoma Removal and Simultaneous Cochlear Implantation
Conclusion Our technique led to rehabilitation of the patient and improved hearing without damaging the intracochlear structure, making it possible to perform CI in the same procedure with good results.[...]Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, BrazilArticle in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text (Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology - April 6, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Bento, Ricardo FerreiraGebrim, Eloisa Maria Mello SantiagoMagalhães, Ana Tereza de MatosPereira, Larissa VilelaFonseca, Anna Carolina de Oliveira Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Atypical symptoms in patients with cervical spondylosis might be the result of stimulation on the dura mater and spinal cord
Patients with cervical spondylosis often present with some atypical symptoms such as vertigo, headache, palpitation, nausea, abdominal discomfort, tinnitus and blurred vision and hypomnesia. Although there are a few hypotheses about the etiology of those symptoms, none of them have provided evidence convincing enough to explain the clinical, pathological and anatomic manifestation of those symptoms. One of the more acceptable explanations is that those symptoms are the results of stimulation of the sympathetic nerves in the posterior longitudinal ligament. (Source: Medical Hypotheses)
Source: Medical Hypotheses - April 6, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Aikeremujiang Muheremu, Yuqing Sun Source Type: research

The clinical analysis of bilateral successive sudden sensorineural hearing loss
The objective of this study is to investigate the clinical characteristics of successive bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) with an interval of more than 1 year to aid the evaluation and management of successive bilateral SSNHL (BSSNHL). 14 successive BSSNHL patients and 118 unilateral SSNHL patients with severe and profound hearing loss were reviewed retrospectively. Information about successive BSSNHL was collected included demographics, the intervals between the attacks of bilateral ears, the past medical history, inducing factors, accompanying symptoms, pure-tone tests, blood tests, b-ultrasound e...
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - April 5, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Human Auditory and Adjacent Nonauditory Cerebral Cortices Are Hypermetabolic in Tinnitus as Measured by Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS).
Abstract Tinnitus is the phantom perception of sound in the absence of an acoustic stimulus. To date, the purported neural correlates of tinnitus from animal models have not been adequately characterized with translational technology in the human brain. The aim of the present study was to measure changes in oxy-hemoglobin concentration from regions of interest (ROI; auditory cortex) and non-ROI (adjacent nonauditory cortices) during auditory stimulation and silence in participants with subjective tinnitus appreciated equally in both ears and in nontinnitus controls using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIR...
Source: Neural Plasticity - April 5, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Issa M, Bisconti S, Kovelman I, Kileny P, Basura GJ Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research

Eardrum thickening approach for the treatment of patulous Eustachian tube
This study aims to explore the eardrum thickening approach via cartilage myringoplasty for the cessation of symptoms of patulous Eustachian tube (PET), including autophony, aural fullness and breathing synchronous tinnitus. A total of 12 patients who met the diagnosis criteria of PET were included and given an eardrum patching test preoperatively. Then, myringoplasty with ipsilateral full-thickness tragus cartilage under general anesthesia was performed. All patients were followed up for at least 6 months postoperatively. Gross movements of the eardrum under deep respiration disappeared and symptoms were relieved in a...
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - April 4, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Lärmschwerhörigkeit (BK-Nr. 2301) – Eine retrospektive Analyse von 100 konsekutiven Fällen
Laryngo-Rhino-OtolDOI: 10.1055/s-0042-102456 Einleitung: Bei der Begutachtung einer Lärmschwerhörigkeit als Berufskrankheit nach Nr. 2301 muss überprüft werden, ob die berufliche Lärmexposition die wesentliche Ursache für die Schwerhörigkeit darstellt. Mit dieser Arbeit sollte die Gruppe der zu Begutachtenden, bei der die Voraussetzungen für eine BK-Nr. 2301 vorlagen (BKE), mit denjenigen, die diese nicht erfüllten (BKNE) hinsichtlich des Vorliegens von Charakteristika einer Lärmschwerhörigkeit verglichen werden. Methode: In einer retrospektiven Analyse von 100 konseku...
Source: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie - April 3, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Reiter, R.Brosch, S. Tags: Originalie Source Type: research

Mass Effect in the Setting of Symptomatic Basilar Artery Dolichoectasia: A Case Series & Systematic Review of the Literature Regarding Reported Mass Effects & The Available Treatment Options to Date (P1.258)
Conclusions:Basilar artery ectasia can cause various cranial neuropathies and symptoms with a wide variety of clinical presentations.Therefore, the condition ought to be considered as a differential diagnosis in situations where there is no clear explanatory etiology or when refractoriness to treatment occurs.Disclosure: Dr. Piran has nothing to disclose. Dr. Linn has nothing to disclose. Dr. Reyes has nothing to disclose. Dr. Mathew has nothing to disclose. Dr. Gleason has nothing to disclose. Dr. Khan has nothing to disclose. (Source: Neurology)
Source: Neurology - April 3, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Piran, P., Linn, A., Reyes, D., Mathew, S., Gleason, J., Khan, T. Tags: Aneurysms and Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Source Type: research

Superfical Siderosis and Dural Ectasia: A Case Report (P2.009)
Conclusions: This patient had evidence of extensive dural ectasia (a well-known complication of NF-1), which was in this case the most likely source of chronic bleeding into the CSF, resulting in superficial siderosis. This association has not been previously described, and should prompt clinicians to use gradient echo MRI to detect hemosiderin deposition in similar cases.Disclosure: Dr. O'Hare has nothing to disclose. Dr. Fearon has nothing to disclose. Dr. Kavanagh has nothing to disclose. Dr. Murray has nothing to disclose. Dr. Lynch has nothing to disclose. (Source: Neurology)
Source: Neurology - April 3, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: O'Hare, M., Fearon, C., Kavanagh, E., Murray, B., Lynch, T. Tags: General Neurology and Infectious Disease ePoster Session Source Type: research

Cognitive Impairment and P300 Changes in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis (P2.148)
Conclusion: Patients suffering from multiple sclerosis have higher risk of cognitive impairment comparing to healthy controls which can be shown by psyhophysiological and electrophysiological analysis.Disclosure: Dr. Bosnjak Pasic has nothing to disclose. Dr. Mikula has nothing to disclose. Dr. Mikula has nothing to disclose. Dr. Pasic has nothing to disclose. Dr. Mioc has nothing to disclose. (Source: Neurology)
Source: Neurology - April 3, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Bosnjak Pasic, M., Mikula, I., Mikula, T., Pasic, H., Mioc, M. Tags: MS and CNS Inflammatory Disease: Treatment Outcome Measures and Clinical Research Source Type: research

A Case of Bilateral "Middle Ear Myoclonus" (P4.318)
Conclusions: Middle ear myoclonus is a heterogenous syndrome, and a misnomer as the underlying etiology may not necessarily be myoclonus. Localization can be central or peripheral and possible mechanisms include myoclonus, dystonia, peripheral nerve irritation (e.g. hemifacial spasm from a vascular loop), or muscular. In our case both cranial nerves V (to the stapedius muscle) and VII (to the orbicularis oculi) were involved. We propose a unifying term for the subjective sensations of tympanic membrane movement: oscillacusia. Under this term, the specific etiology causing the tympanic membrane movement should be elucidated...
Source: Neurology - April 3, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Siegel, J., Wszolek, Z. Tags: Movement Disorders Poster Session: Miscellaneous Source Type: research

Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH) Manifesting with Nausea and Vomiting in the Absence of Headache in an Adult (P4.393)
Conclusions: IIH may manifest as intractable N/V in the absence of headache in adults. N/V can be an isolated clinical manifestation of IIH and should be excluded when symptoms do not improve with standard therapy. A high degree of suspicion is needed to diagnose IIH without headache.Disclosure: Dr. Bouges has nothing to disclose. Dr. AlSaid has nothing to disclose. Dr. Chaudhry has nothing to disclose. Dr. Hassan has nothing to disclose. Dr. Cupler has received personal compensation for activities with Novartis and Genzyme. (Source: Neurology)
Source: Neurology - April 3, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Bouges, A., AlSaid, Y., Chaudhry, S., Hassan, A., Cupler, E. Tags: General Neurology: Vascular Disease and Imaging Source Type: research

L ärmschwerhörigkeit (BK-Nr. 2301) – Eine retrospektive Analyse von 100 konsekutiven Fällen
Laryngo-Rhino-OtolDOI: 10.1055/s-0042-102456 Einleitung: Bei der Begutachtung einer Lärmschwerhörigkeit als Berufskrankheit nach Nr. 2301 muss überprüft werden, ob die berufliche Lärmexposition die wesentliche Ursache für die Schwerhörigkeit darstellt. Mit dieser Arbeit sollte die Gruppe der zu Begutachtenden, bei der die Voraussetzungen für eine BK-Nr. 2301 vorlagen (BKE), mit denjenigen, die diese nicht erfüllten (BKNE) hinsichtlich des Vorliegens von Charakteristika einer Lärmschwerhörigkeit verglichen werden. Methode: In einer retrospektiven Analyse von 100 konseku...
Source: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie - April 3, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Reiter, R. Brosch, S. Tags: Originalie Source Type: research

An Uncommon Lesion of the Otic Capsule
A man in his 40s presented with a gradual-onset, left-sided hearing loss with a whistling tinnitus and occasional sharp otalgia; examination showed a smooth mass behind the left tympanic membrane. What is your diagnosis? (Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - April 1, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Endoscopic transsphenoidal anterior petrosal approach for locally aggressive tumors involving the internal auditory canal, jugular fossa, and cavernous sinus.
CONCLUSIONS The ETAP approach can offer a simple, less invasive option for invasive skull base tumors involving petrous regions, including the internal auditory canal, jugular fossa, and cavernous sinus. The ETAP approach can reach more extensive areas in the extradural regions around the petrous bone. The authors' results indicate that the transsphenoidal retrocarotid route is sufficient to approach the petrosal areas in select cases. Further expansion of the surgical field is not always necessary. However, experience with intradural lesions remains limited, and the extent of tumor resection largely depends on tumor chara...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - March 31, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Shin M, Kondo K, Hanakita S, Hasegawa H, Yoshino M, Teranishi Y, Kin T, Saito N Tags: J Neurosurg Source Type: research