The efficacy and safety of multiple sessions of multisite transcranial random noise stimulation in treating chronic tinnitus
Conclusions The results of this study showed a substantial improvement in tinnitus symptoms by using the multiple sessions of transcranial random noise stimulation in the multisite protocol without producing any additional side effects. We suggest further clinical trials with long-term follow-up be investigated. (Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - June 28, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Comparison of the effectiveness between transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, manual acupuncture, and electroacupuncture on tinnitus: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) involves a neuromodulatory effect using electrical stimulation and has been widely used due to its safety and convenience. It has been used for treating tinni... (Source: Trials)
Source: Trials - June 27, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Young-Kyun Moon, Min Hee Kim and Hae Jeong Nam Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Nasal Septal Spur Associated with Rhinogenic Contact Point Otalgia and Tinnitus
Cranial Maxillofac Trauma Reconstruction DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1660440Rhinogenic contact point otalgia is a new term in medicine and it represents earache as a form of facial pain that is caused by intranasal mucosal contact points between the nasal septal spur or septal deviation and lateral nasal wall. It is a referred otalgia without any signs of inflammation. The author reports an unusual case of a 19-year-old male who complained of a 5-year history of right-sided otalgia and tinnitus. On physical exam, a big, right-sided nasal septal spur was seen in contact with the right lateral nasal wall. Other findings are unremark...
Source: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma and Reconstruction - June 27, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Peri ć, Aleksandar Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

A rare case of facial nerve schwannoma masked by a concomitant temporomandibular disorder pain
Publication date: Available online 26 June 2018 Source:Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery Author(s): Natália R. Ferreira, Aleli T. Oliveira, Marcos F. DosSantos, Valéria Battistella, Paulo R.V. Bahia, Antônio C.P. Carvalho, André Antonio Monteiro Facial nerve schwannoma (FNS) is an uncommon benign tumor that arises from the Schwann cells of the facial nerve (FN). Although rare, this is the most frequent type of FN tumor, potentially affecting any segment of the nerve. Nevertheless, a higher incidence of intracranial lesions and a predilection for the geniculate ganglion has been reported. Hearing lo...
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - June 26, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Beyond Traumatic Brain Injury: Advancing Forensic Neuropsychological Assessment
AbstractAs research on the cognitive impact of medical conditions and mental health disorders advances, it is imperative for forensic neuropsychologists to stay abreast of rapidly accumulating new empirical evidence from neuroscience and neuropsychology to disentangle multiple determinants of cognitive impairment. Although medicolegal neuropsychological assessments traditionally focused on traumatic brain injury (TBI) sequelae, it is equally important to consider the potential impact of any other acquired, or secondarily induced brain impairments, regardless of their source. Such injuries or conditions are at times assumed...
Source: Psychological Injury and Law - June 22, 2018 Category: Medical Law Source Type: research

One-Year Results for Patients with Unilateral Hearing Loss and Accompanying Severe Tinnitus and Hyperacusis Treated with a Cochlear Implant
Conclusion: A CI should be considered as a treatment option in patients with UHL and a concomitant severe tinnitus handicap. However, appropriate counselling of candidates on the anticipated risks, benefits, and limitations that are inherent to cochlear implantation is imperative.Audiol Neurotol 2018;23:8 –19 (Source: Audiology and Neurotology)
Source: Audiology and Neurotology - June 21, 2018 Category: Audiology Source Type: research

Analysis of the relation among tinnitus handicap inventory, tinnitometry, and the analogical visual scale in the evaluation of tinnitus
Conclusion There was a significant correlation between the values measured by the tinnitus handicap inventory, visual analogical scale (annoyance) and tinnitometry (loudness) in the evaluation of tinnitus. The selection of any one of the three evaluative methods for tinnitus investigation provides different dimensions of the tinnitus and complements the others. (Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - June 21, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Current Treatment of Endolymphatic Sac Tumor of the Temporal Bone
AbstractAn endolymphatic sac tumor (ELST) is a rare, indolent but locally aggressive tumor arising in the posterior petrous ridge. Patients present with sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus. As the tumor progresses, patients may experience vertigo, ataxia, facial nerve paresis, pain and otorrhea. Most patients present in their 4th or 5th decade with a wide age range. Patients with von Hippel –Lindau disease have an increased likelihood of developing ELST. Histologically, ELST is a low-grade adenocarcinoma. As it progresses, it destroys bone and extends into adjacent tissues. The likelihood of regional or distant m...
Source: Advances in Therapy - June 19, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Hearing Outcome of Low-tone Compared to High-tone Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Conclusion After initial therapy, the low-tone SSHL patients have more favorable hearing outcome than high-tone SSHL patients. However, recurrences occurred more frequently in the low-tone SSHL group, while the high-tone SSHL group was more often accompanied by residual symptoms, such as tinnitus. [...] Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, BrazilArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text (Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology - June 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Psillas, George Rizou, Aikaterini Rachovitsas, Dimitrios Tsiropoulos, Gabriel Constantinidis, Jiannis Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The use of ecological momentary assessment in hearing research and future clinical applications.
Abstract To obtain real-world insights into the hearing difficulties of individuals, the field of hearing research has recently started to adopt ecological momentary assessment. Using this approach, study participants describe their experiences in real time, in their own natural environment. This paper describes the use of ecological momentary assessment in hearing research to date. Several studies have shown the approach is feasible and has good construct validity for use with adults with hearing impairment and/or tinnitus. Two recent studies conducted by the authors are described. The first study investigated th...
Source: Hearing Research - June 19, 2018 Category: Audiology Authors: Timmer BHB, Hickson L, Launer S Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research

Hearing Aids as a Treatment for Tinnitus Patients with Slight to Mild Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Semin Hear 2018; 39: 123-134 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1641739Persons with clinically significant tinnitus also may have mild sensorineural hearing loss (MSNHL). The purpose of this study was to describe patients with tinnitus and MSNHL and factors predicting hearing-aid uptake (HAU). We conducted a retrospective chart review with regression modeling of patients presenting to a specialty tinnitus clinic over a 2.5-year period. Stepwise logistic regression on data from patient charts was conducted. Of 133 patients seen, two-thirds had MSNHL (95% confidence interval [CI]: 58.9–75.0; mean age = 53.4 years; stand...
Source: Seminars in Hearing - June 15, 2018 Category: Audiology Authors: Kimball, Suzanne H. Johnson, Carole E. Baldwin, Johnathan Barton, Kristen Mathews, Caitlyn Danhauer, Jeffrey L. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Auditory Measures for Detecting Hidden Hearing Loss and/or Cochlear Synaptopathy: A Systematic Review
Semin Hear 2018; 39: 172-209 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1641743Standard audiometric evaluations are not sensitive enough to identify hidden hearing loss (HHL) and/or cochlear synaptopathy (CS). Patients with either of these conditions frequently present with difficulty understanding speech in noise or other complaints such as tinnitus. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify articles in peer-reviewed journals that assessed the sensitivity of audiologic measures for detecting HHL and/or CS, and which showed potential for use in a clinical test battery for these disorders. A reference librarian submitted specific boole...
Source: Seminars in Hearing - June 15, 2018 Category: Audiology Authors: Barbee, Christi M. James, Jessica A. Park, Jin Hyung Smith, Emily M. Johnson, Carole E. Clifton, Shari Danhauer, Jeffrey L. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Effects of Including Information about Hidden Hearing Loss in an Adopt-A-Band Program on College Band Members' Attitudes toward Healthy Hearing Behaviors
Semin Hear 2018; 39: 210-220 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1641744Young musicians may be at risk for developing cochlear synaptopathy (CS), or hidden hearing loss (HHL), that could lead to permanent music-induced hearing loss (MIHL). Patients with CS often complain of tinnitus and/or difficulty understanding speech in noisy situations, even though traditional audiometric testing indicates normal hearing. The aim of this article was to determine the effects of including information about HHL on an Adopt-A-Band program involving college band members' concern about and self-efficacy toward the prevention of MIHL. We conducted a single-...
Source: Seminars in Hearing - June 15, 2018 Category: Audiology Authors: Seever, Katie L. Johnson, Carole E. Baldwin, Jonathan Danhauer, Jeffrey L. Wolfe, Brian Jeannont, Stevana Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Neurologic Complications of Radiation Therapy
This article presents an overview of clinically relevant neurologic complications for CRT, basic pathophysiology of radiation injury, and risk factors for neurologic complications. (Source: Neurologic Clinics)
Source: Neurologic Clinics - June 14, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Shyam K. Tanguturi, Brian M. Alexander Source Type: research

Manipulation of Auditory Inputs as Rehabilitation Therapy for Maladaptive Auditory Cortical Reorganization.
Abstract Neurophysiological and neuroimaging data suggest that the brains of not only children but also adults are reorganized based on sensory inputs and behaviors. Plastic changes in the brain are generally beneficial; however, maladaptive cortical reorganization in the auditory cortex may lead to hearing disorders such as tinnitus and hyperacusis. Recent studies attempted to noninvasively visualize pathological neural activity in the living human brain and reverse maladaptive cortical reorganization by the suitable manipulation of auditory inputs in order to alleviate detrimental auditory symptoms. The effects ...
Source: Neural Plasticity - June 13, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Okamoto H Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research

Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 & reg; alleviates neurosensory symptoms in patients with dementia: a meta-analysis of treatment effects on tinnitus and dizziness in randomized, placebo-controlled trials
(Source: Clinical Interventions in Aging)
Source: Clinical Interventions in Aging - June 12, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Clinical Interventions in Aging Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Clinically Significant Tinnitus: A 10-Year Trend From Nationwide Health Claims Data in South Korea
Conclusions: The prevalence and incidence of tinnitus in this study for entire nation were lower than previously reported studies. These results have limitation because the study only covered patient using the medical service for tinnitus and missed tinnitus sufferers not seeking medical service. However, this study is meaningful in that it was targeting entire nation, reflected the characteristics of clinically significant tinnitus patient enough to visit medical service (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - June 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Audiology Source Type: research

Audiometric Profiles in Patients With Normal Hearing and Bilateral or Unilateral Tinnitus
Hypothesis: Patients with subjective nonpulsatile tinnitus and a normal conventional audiogram have more objective audiologic evidence of hidden hearing loss and deafferentation-related pathology than patients without tinnitus. Background: The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiologic characteristics and audiologic profiles, including auditory brainstem response (ABR), distortion product otoacoustic emission, and threshold-equalizing noise test results, in patients with tinnitus and a normal audiogram. Methods: The test results for 20 patients complaining of nonpulsatile chronic tinnitus were compared with ...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - June 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Audiology Source Type: research

Patient Acceptance of Invasive Treatments for Tinnitus
Conclusions A considerable proportion of patients with tinnitus would accept a variety of invasive treatments despite the associated risks or costs. When clinical neuromodulatory studies for tinnitus are to be performed, particular attention should be given to obtaining informed consent, including explaining the potential risks and providing a realistic outcome expectation. (Source: American Journal of Audiology)
Source: American Journal of Audiology - June 8, 2018 Category: Audiology Source Type: research

Innenohrschwerh örigkeit, Tinnitus.
Innenohrschwerhörigkeit, Tinnitus. HNO. 2018 Jun;66(6):416-417 Authors: PMID: 29872903 [PubMed - in process] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - June 7, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

General Health Status, Music Performance Anxiety, and Coping Methods of Musicians Working in Turkish State Symphony Orchestras: A Cross-Sectional Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that musicians working in Turkish state symphony orchestras encounter numerous health problems (tinnitus, hearing loss, musculoskeletal symptoms, etc.) due to their profession. No specific health support is provided, especially education and health service provision. PMID: 29868686 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Problems of Performing Artists)
Source: Medical Problems of Performing Artists - June 7, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Med Probl Perform Art Source Type: research

Impact of Tinnitus on Cognitive Function in Forensic Neuropsychology Context
AbstractTinnitus, a common hearing condition encountered in medicolegal evaluations, often but not always in association with traumatic brain injuries, can adversely impact both cognitive and affective functioning and neuropsychological test results. Although it has been traditionally conceptualized as primarily related to cochlear pathology, tinnitus has been seen more recently as a condition involving brain plasticity. Its persistent clinical effect on cognition and affect is compounded by comorbid psychiatric syndromes such as depression. Understanding the impact of tinnitus, a factor often difficult to capture and negl...
Source: Psychological Injury and Law - June 7, 2018 Category: Medical Law Source Type: research

The Characteristic and Short-Term Prognosis of Tinnitus Associated with Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss.
Abstract Tinnitus is believed to result from the maladaptive plasticity of the auditory nervous system; reports regarding its severity and prognosis are conflicting. We evaluated the characteristic and short-term prognosis of tinnitus associated with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). A total of 230 cases were enrolled. The severity and 1-month prognosis of tinnitus (according to the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI)) were assessed in terms of the patients' sex, age, level of hearing loss, type of audiogram results, and so on. According to our statistical analysis, the degree of handicap due to tinnitus wa...
Source: Neural Plasticity - June 6, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Ding X, Zhang X, Huang Z, Feng X Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research

Differences in baseline and process variables between non-responders and responders in Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy for chronic tinnitus.
r M Abstract Although Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) is an effective treatment for chronic tinnitus, several patients do not improve. In the current study, baseline and process variables were compared between non-responders and responders. Data from patients participating in two randomized controlled trials on iCBT for chronic tinnitus were re-analyzed. Based on the literature, a pre-post difference on the "Tinnitus Handicap Inventory" (THI) of less than seven points improvement was used to operationalize non-response. Associations between non-response and baseline variables (age, gende...
Source: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy - June 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Probst T, Weise C, Andersson G, Kleinstäuber M Tags: Cogn Behav Ther Source Type: research

Cycloserine Induced Suicidal Tendencies and Kanamycin Induced Ototoxicity in Indian MDR-TB Patient: A Case Report.
We present a case report on Cycloserine induced Suicidal tendencies and Kanamycin induced decrease in hearing sensation in Indian MDR-TB patient. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with MDR-TB was prescribed with category IV anti-tubercular therapy. Within one month of initiation of therapy, he developed repeated suicidal thoughts, joint pain, restlessness, depression, constipation, insomnia, tinnitus and a decrease in hearing sensation. RESULTS: Cycloserine and kanamycin were closely associated with suicidal tendency and tinnitus followed by decrease in hearing sensations respectively. On ...
Source: Current Drug Safety - June 4, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Jangra MS, Chhabra M Tags: Curr Drug Saf Source Type: research

Endolymphatic Sac Decompression With Intra-Sac Dexamethasone Injection in Menière's Disease
Conclusion: ELSD is an effective treatment for Menière's disease refractory to medical therapy; however, the addition of intra-sac steroid injection at the time of surgery does not seem to result in a further improvement in patient outcomes. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - June 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Vestibular Disorders Source Type: research

Improvement in Patient-reported Hearing After Treatment With Bevacizumab in People With Neurofibromatosis Type 2
Conclusion: Participants had reductions in hearing difficulty during treatment with bevacizumab, suggesting that patients subjectively experience hearing-related benefit mirroring clinical hearing assessments. We suspect the lack of significant reduction in tinnitus distress is related to small sample size and low intensity of distress in our sample. These data highlight the usefulness of PRO measures to assess benefits of treatment in the setting of NF2-associated hearing loss. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - June 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Tumors of the Ear and Cranial Base Source Type: research

Temporal Bone Histopathology in Cockayne Syndrome
Cockayne syndrome (CS) is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome resulting in defective DNA repair. Its features include cachectic dwarfism, hearing loss, skin hypersensitivity to sunlight, premature aging, and dementia. Presented is a right temporal bone of a patient who died at the age of 29 years. The clinical course was compatible with type 1 CS, the classical form. Homozygous missense variant in the ERCC6 gene (Excision Repair Cross-Complementation group 6) was found, compatible with CS complementation group B. Five years before his death he complained of tinnitus. An audiogram 3 and a 1/2 years before his death demonstr...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - June 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Basic Science Source Type: research

The Incidence of Cranial Arteriovenous Shunts in Patients With Pulsatile Tinnitus: A Prospective Observational Study
Conclusion: In a tertiary care setting, the prevalence of dAVFs in patients with pulsatile tinnitus is not negligible. Thus, patients with unilateral pulsatile tinnitus should be offered dynamic vascular imaging to rule out a dAVF. Especially, since some of these patients are at risk of intracranial hemorrhage and treatment options exist. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)
Source: Otology and Neurotology - June 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Medical Neurotology Source Type: research

Dehiscent high-riding jugular bulb presenting as conductive hearing loss: A case report
Rationale: Jugular bulb anomalies are asymptomatic lesions commonly seen in routine practice. However, some patients with jugular bulb anomalies may present with symptoms such as tinnitus or conductive hearing loss (CHL). Patient concerns: A 9 year old boy complained right sided hearing disturbance without any vestibular symptoms. Pure tone audiometry (PTA) revealed a mild right sided conductive hearing loss. Otoscopy showed a red-purplish mass like lesion in his right middle ear cavity, which was regarded as hypervascular tumor. Diagnosis: Based on otoscopic findings, preliminary differential diagnoses included ju...
Source: Medicine - June 1, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research

Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 ® versus pentoxifylline in chronic tinnitus: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial
Conclusion EGb 761® and pentoxifylline were similarly effective in reducing the loudness and annoyance of tinnitus as well as overall suffering of the patients. The incidence of adverse events was lower in the EGb 761® group. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Scalp Arteriovenous Malformation, “Cirsoid Aneurysm” in Adolescence: Report of 2 Cases and Review of the Literature
Scalp arteriovenous malformations (AVM), also known as cirsoid aneurysms, are rare lesions that are congenital, traumatic or post-infectious in nature. These lesions may be found incidentally or due to the signs and symptoms that they produce, such as an enlarging pulsatile mass, headache, tinnitus or bleeding. Treatment of these lesions usually consists of endovascular embolization followed by surgical resection. These lesions often constitute high flow arterial blood from the superficial temporal or occipital arteries with venous outflow into extracranial venous structures. (Source: World Neurosurgery)
Source: World Neurosurgery - June 1, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Daphne Li, Daniel M. Heiferman, Brian D. Rothstein, Hasan R. Syed, Ali Shaibani, Tadanori Tomita Tags: Original article Source Type: research

COMT and the neurogenetic architecture of hearing loss induced tinnitus.
Abstract As the COMT polymorphism is especially prominent in the prefrontal cortex and has been associated with auditory gating, we hypothesize that tinnitus patients with this polymorphism have altered activity in the ventromedial prefrontal/anterior cingulate areas that modulates the tinnitus percept. To test this, we recruited a total of 40 tinnitus subjects and 20 healthy controls for an EEG study. A comparison between tinnitus subjects and healthy controls and their frequency of being Val/Val genotype or Met carriers (including Val/Met and Met/Met genotype) shows no significant effect, suggesting that the dis...
Source: Hearing Research - June 1, 2018 Category: Audiology Authors: Vanneste S, Alsalman O, De Ridder D Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research

Scalp Arteriovenous Malformation (Cirsoid Aneurysm) in Adolescence: Report of 2 Cases and Review of the Literature
Scalp arteriovenous malformations, also known as cirsoid aneurysms, are rare lesions that are congenital, traumatic, or postinfectious in nature. These lesions may be found incidentally or owing to signs and symptoms that they produce, such as an enlarging pulsatile mass, headache, tinnitus, or bleeding. These lesions often constitute high-flow arterial blood from the superficial temporal or occipital arteries with venous outflow into extracranial venous structures. (Source: World Neurosurgery)
Source: World Neurosurgery - June 1, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Daphne Li, Daniel M. Heiferman, Brian D. Rothstein, Hasan R. Syed, Ali Shaibani, Tadanori Tomita Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A case of synthetic cannabinoid poisoning in Croatia.
We report a case of poisoning of a young man who used SCs. The patient was admitted to the emergency department of the Clinical Hospital Merkur, Zagreb (Croatia) after sniffing and smoking a herbal product bought on the street. He presented with severe cognitive difficulties and visible eye redness. Other symptoms included somnolence, disorientation, loss of coordination, unsteady gait, hyporeflexia, stiffness, cramps and cold limbs, blurred vision, teeth grinding, dry mouth, tinnitus, fear, suicidal thoughts, impaired focus, memory, and speech, sedation, fatigue, depression, thought blocking, and autistic behaviour. His s...
Source: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju - June 1, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Sutlović D, Prkačin I, Vaiano F, Bertol E, Bratinčević MV, Definis-Gojanović M Tags: Arh Hig Rada Toksikol Source Type: research

Extended Applications for Cochlear Implantation.
Authors: Hempel JM, Simon F, Müller JM Abstract The indications for cochlear implantation (CI) have expanded over the last few years. There is evidence that some adult patients with pre- or perilingual onset of deafness may gain from implantation. Similarly, CI in patients with single-sided deafness may offer significant benefits in terms of quality of life and social as well as academic development. In this setting, directional hearing may be restored and speech comprehension, especially in noise, may be optimized. In patients with intractable tinnitus and profound hearing loss, CI not only improves speech pe...
Source: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - May 30, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Adv Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Effect of Long-Term Sodium Salicylate Administration on Learning, Memory, and Neurogenesis in the Rat Hippocampus.
Abstract Tinnitus is thought to be caused by damage to the auditory and nonauditory system due to exposure to loud noise, aging, or other etiologies. However, at present, the exact neurophysiological basis of chronic tinnitus remains unknown. To explore whether the function of the limbic system is disturbed in tinnitus, the hippocampus was selected, which plays a vital role in learning and memory. The hippocampal function was examined with a learning and memory procedure. For this purpose, sodium salicylate (NaSal) was used to create a rat animal model of tinnitus, evaluated with prepulse inhibition behavior (PPI)...
Source: Biomed Res - May 30, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Niu H, Ding S, Li H, Wei J, Ren C, Wu X, Huma T, Zhang Q Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research

A feasibility study of predictable and unpredictable surf-like sounds for tinnitus therapy using personal music players
. (Source: International Journal of Audiology)
Source: International Journal of Audiology - May 28, 2018 Category: Audiology Authors: Mithila Durai Kei Kobayashi Grant D. Searchfield Source Type: research

Tinnitus and temporary hearing loss result in differential noise-induced spatial reorganization of brain activity
AbstractLoud noise frequently results in hyperacusis or hearing loss (i.e., increased or decreased sensitivity to sound). These conditions are often accompanied by tinnitus (ringing in the ears) and changes in spontaneous neuronal activity (SNA). The ability to differentiate the contributions of hyperacusis and hearing loss to neural correlates of tinnitus has yet to be achieved. Towards this purpose, we used a combination of behavior, electrophysiology, and imaging tools to investigate two models of noise-induced tinnitus (either with temporary hearing loss or with permanent hearing loss). Manganese (Mn2+) uptake was used...
Source: Anatomy and Embryology - May 24, 2018 Category: Anatomy Source Type: research

Efficacy of Tinnitus Retraining Therapy, A Modish Management of Tinnitus: Our Experience
AbstractTinnitus retraining therapy involves masking of tinnitus at sound perception level in combination with structured counselling sessions. To assess efficacy of Tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT) in Patients of Tinnitus with Sensori Neural Hearing loss. Prospective study was carried out on patients who presented with Tinnitus in ENT OPD from December 2015 to December 2016. Severity of tinnitus was documented using Tinnitus handicap inventory scale. Response to tinnitus is evaluated at the end of 3  months. In our study 57 patients in age group 21–78 years were selected and Tinnitus retraining therapy wa...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - May 23, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Radionuclide cisternography and mri in spontaneous intracraneal hypotension syndrome (ihs). location of cerebrospinal fluid (csf) leaks and treatment with epidural blood patch (ebp).
CONCLUSIONS: IHS is a rare entity with a difficult diagnosis. It requires high quality neuroimaging tests for its detection and early treatment. The evaluation of both techniques, MRI and Radionuclide cisternography, allow to specifically determinate the level of CSF leakage. EBP-guided imaging, according to clinical practice, provides a better chance of therapeutic success compared to a blind performance. (Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine)
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - May 23, 2018 Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: PLAZA LOPEZ, P. J., Suarez Pinera, M., Nuria, M., Morollon, N., Oglio, J. P., Belvis, R., Mestre, A. Tags: Neurology & amp; Psychiatry Imaging Posters Source Type: research

Long-term serum platinum changes and their association with cisplatin-related late effects in testicular cancer survivors.
CONCLUSION: In summary, we found a significant association between a larger Pt decline and a reduced risk of second cancers and deterioration of paresthesias in hands and tinnitus. PMID: 29775128 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Oncologica)
Source: Acta Oncologica - May 18, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Hjelle LV, Gundersen POM, Hellesnes R, Sprauten M, Brydøy M, Tandstad T, Wilsgaard T, Fosså SD, Oldenburg J, Bremnes RM, Haugnes HS Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research

Microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm  : Surgical techniques and intraoperative monitoring.
Microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm : Surgical techniques and intraoperative monitoring. Neurochirurgie. 2018 May 18;: Authors: Sindou M, Mercier P Abstract Primary hemifacial spasm with few exceptions is due to the vascular compression of the facial nerve that can be evidenced with high resolution MRI. Microvascular decompression is the only curative treatment for this pathology. According to literature review detailed in chapter "conflicting vessels", the compression is located at the facial Root Exit Zone (REZ) in 95% of the cases, and in 5% distally at the cisternal or ...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - May 18, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Sindou M, Mercier P Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Electric-acoustic stimulation suppresses tinnitus in a subject with high-frequency single-sided deafness
. (Source: Cochlear Implants International)
Source: Cochlear Implants International - May 18, 2018 Category: Audiology Authors: Griet Mertens Vincent Van Rompaey Paul Van de Heyning Source Type: research

Sequencing of exons 4, 5, 12 of COCH gene in patients with postlingual sensorineural hearing loss accompanied by vestibular lesion.
Conclusions: No cochlin mutations were found in the group of patients with severe to profound sensorineural hearing impairment accompanied by a vestibular lesion. The COCH gene needs further exploration and analysis of genotype-phenotype correlations. PMID: 29765451 [PubMed] (Source: Archives of Medical Science)
Source: Archives of Medical Science - May 17, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research

Evaluation and treatment of pulsatile tinnitus associated with sigmoid sinus wall anomalies
The Laryngoscope, EarlyView. (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - May 14, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: David J.EisenmanMD , PrashantRaghavanMD , RonnaHertzanoPhD, MD , RobertMoralesMD Source Type: research

Assessment of the effect of mesoglycan in the treatment of audiovestibular disorders of vascular origin.
Authors: Neri G, Marcelli V, Califano L, Glicover Investigators Abstract It is a well-known fact that inner ear diseases are often caused by microcirculatory disorders, and the recent literature is oriented towards investigations into the relationship between the cardiovascular system and cochleovestibular illness with related classical symptoms: tinnitus, hearing loss, and vertigo or instability. These symptoms, and particularly the vertigo, may be the alarm signal of microcirculatory disorders of the labyrinth or vertebrobasilar circulation so as to represent a possible symptom of posterior circulation stroke. Th...
Source: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology - May 9, 2018 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol Source Type: research

Hormone replacement therapy decreases the risk of tinnitus in menopausal women: a nationwide study.
We examined the medical records of menopausal women aged between 45 and 79 years from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database of records between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2010 to establish matched cohorts (13,920 HRT users and 41,760 nonusers). The incidence of tinnitus in HRT users and nonusers were matched 1:3 based on propensity-score matching over this ten year period. The Cox regression hazard model was used to identify risk factors of tinnitus, and results indicate that a significantly lower percentage of HRT users (P = 0.017) developed tinnitus in comparison with nonusers (0.43%, 60/13, 920 vs. 0.5...
Source: Oncotarget - May 9, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research

The development of a decision aid for tinnitus
. (Source: International Journal of Audiology)
Source: International Journal of Audiology - May 9, 2018 Category: Audiology Authors: Helen Pryce Marie-Anne Durand Amanda Hall Rachel Shaw Beth-Anne Culhane Sarah Swift Jean Straus Elizabeth Marks Melanie Ward Katie Chilvers Source Type: research

Dural arteriovenous fistula of the lateral foramen magnum region: A review.
Authors: Li C, Yu J, Li K, Hou K, Yu J Abstract The lateral foramen magnum region is defined as the bilateral occipital area that runs laterally up to the jugular foramen. The critical vasculatures of this region are not completely understood. Dural arteriovenous fistulas that occur in this region are rare and difficult to treat. Therefore, we searched PubMed to identify all relevant previously published English language articles about lateral foramen magnum dural arteriovenous fistulas, and we performed a review of this literature to increase understanding about these fistulas. Four types of dural arteriovenous fi...
Source: Interventional Neuroradiology - May 8, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Interv Neuroradiol Source Type: research